-->Philosophe, physicien,\\
Rimeur, bretteur, musicien,\\
Et voyageur aérien,\\
Grand riposteur du tac au tac,\\
Amant aussi - pas pour son bien ! -\\
Ci-gît Hercule-Savinien\\
De Cyrano de Bergerac,\\
Qui fut tout et qui ne fut rien.

This 1897 play by French author Edmond Rostand is famous enough that its plot has [[PlayingCyrano become a trope in its own right]]!

[[OverlyLongName Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac]] -- [[WarriorPoet the legendary poet, duelist]], [[RenaissanceMan soldier, philosopher, physicist, musician, playwright, and novelist]] -- has a problem. He has an [[GagNose enormous nose]], which he believes makes him so incredibly ugly that he thinks no woman could ever love him, and fears his love for [[KissingCousins his cousin]] Roxane will never be reciprocated. Just when he's mustered the courage to hand her the love letter he's written, she announces that she's in love with the beautiful Christian, and asks Cyrano to protect him against danger. Roxane has fallen in love with Christian [[LoveAtFirstSight at first sight]] and tells Cyrano that if Christian isn't intellectual enough for her, she would be so disappointed that she could die. Cyrano resolves to [[IJustWantMyBelovedToBeHappy subdue his love for her]] and tell Christian about Roxane’s love. Christian despairs, because he also loves Roxane, and even though he is very handsome, he's inarticulate, and believes Roxane would never accept him. So, Cyrano, trying to express his love and to not disappoint Roxane, eagerly offers to script Christian's courtship, beginning by giving him Cyrano's own love letter for Roxane. Naturally, [[HilarityEnsues hilarity]] (and swashbuckling, and eventually tragedy) ensues.

Is there [[AnAesop a moral]]? Well, "don't let vanity hold you back," and "LoveAtFirstSight is ridiculous." The play also introduced the term ''panache'' into the English language. Literally it means "plume", feathers worn in hats and helmets, but it has come to signify confidence and flamboyance such as demonstrated by Cyrano in the play. Critics thus consider the play notable for being both a cruel satire and straight celebration of the tropes and themes most associated with the TheCavalierYears.

The two most respected English translations are Brian Hooker's from 1923 and Anthony Burgess' from 1971. Hooker's version is a translation that doesn't change a line of Rostand's original text except for replacing now-archaic [[ShoutOut references]] with references an American audience would be more likely to recognize. While Rostand's French script rhymed, Hooker's English script doesn't, except for things that rhymed in-story such as Cyrano's improvised ballad during his duel with Valvert. Burgess' version is more of a "modern adaptation" in which he claimed he tried to recapture some of Rostand's comedy that he felt was lost in Hooker's translation. It also makes some minor plot changes, combining Cyrano's captain and Cyrano's best friend into one character and replacing Roxane's appearance in person in Act IV with a letter from her. Burgess' version, like the French original, rhymes.

The play is VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory -- [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrano_de_Bergerac there really was]] a French playwright, duelist, and ghost writer of love letters named Cyrano de Bergerac, and the main characters in the play (Roxane, Christian, De Guiche) also existed. This play is as well researched as a RomanAClef, because Rostand was an academic that researched France’s literary environment [[TheCavalierYears at the 17th century]], so all the [[HistoricalDomainCharacter incidental writers, poets, actors]], period pieces, places and battles [[ShownTheirWork really existed at that time)]].

There are two notable film adaptations: one from 1950 in English (using the Hooker translation) which garnered a Best Actor for José Ferrer, and the acclaimed [[Film/CyranoDeBergerac 1990 French version]] directed by Jean-Paul Rappeneau and starring Creator/GerardDepardieu (with the Burgess translation later used for subtitles). In addition, the 1987 movie ''Film/{{Roxanne}}'', starring Steve Martin, is a modernized take on the story. The Disney Channel original movie ''Let it Shine'' is also clearly based off of this play, even going as far as to giving the main characters similar names (Cyrano= Cyrus; Christian= Chris; Roxanne= Roxy, whose full name is actually Roxanne).

There were also a couple of {{Musical}} adaptations. One, simply titled ''Cyrano'', ran on Broadway in 1973 but closed after just 49 performances (although Creator/ChristopherPlummer won a Tony in the title role); the other, ''Cyrano: The Musical'', was originally produced in Holland in 1992 and then translated to English for a 137-performance Broadway run.

!!Tropes featured include:

* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: Count De Guiche.
* TheAce: Christian and Cyrano decide to create a perfect "hero of romance" that includes each of their best traits because Christian and Cyrano believe that '''it's''' the only one who has a chance to be paired with Roxane.
* TheAlcoholic: Ligniere. He dislikes orange juice and milk, only stays at the theater to drink wine, and retires to betake of his pet vice again in a tavern.
* AllLoveIsUnrequited: Cyrano, Christian and De Guiche love Roxane, but not one of them will get her. Roxane won’t get any guy too, because she's been LovingAShadow. Even Ragueneau is abandoned [[YourCheatingHeart by his wife, Lise]]. Nobody gets anyone.
* AltumVidetur: Used twice by Bellerose and Captain Carbon.
* AnalogyBackfire: Cyrano compares himself to [[ShoutOut Caesar and Titus]] to justify why he cannot win Roxane’s love. Caesar and Titus were loved not because they were fair but because they were highly charismatic leaders, like Cyrano himself, as Le Bret points out.
** De Guiche likens Cyrano to Literature/DonQuixote, causing Cyrano to point out that that puts De Guiche in the roll of the windmill.
* AmbitionIsEvil: The Gascon [[BlueAndOrangeMorality moral code]] doesn’t approve of getting power through connections instead of personal valor.
* AristocratsAreEvil:
** '''Barons:''' All the Gascon Cadets are Barons that indulge in killing anyone who is not OfThePeople trying to join them, and their ideal is to be a SociopathicHero.
** '''Count:''' De Guiche is a JerkAss who wants to Bully Roxane into being TheMistress, prepares an UriahGambit and a LastStand for all the guys who had humiliated him.
** '''Duke:''' After his HeelFaceTurn, Count De Guiche is named Duke De Grammont, and he claims to have not committed any villainy (but then, he could be lying or having SelfServingMemory).
** '''Marquis:''' Buffons that enjoy to PokeThePoodle and EvilIsPetty.
** '''Viscount:''' De Valvert is a JerkAss willing to be TheBeard for Count De Guiche.
* ArrangedMarriage: Implied in De Guiche’s marriage, De Guiche tried it with Roxana and De Valvert, and Invoked with Christian and Roxane.
* ArcWords: ''Panache''. Hooker translated it as "white plume", while decades later Burgess kept it as ''panache''.
* AsYouKnow: In Act V Scene I, we have the conversation of two supporting characters, Sister Claire and Mother Margarita, strictly for the audience's benefit.
* AttentionWhore: Ragueneau is one at Act II Scene IV
* AtTheOperaTonight: The play begins at the Burgundy Hotel, a Parisian theater; the public was going to see ''[[ShowWithinAShow La Clorise]]'', but before it begins, all they really want to do is play cards, drink wine, eat food, brawl with each other, tease girls, make funny pranks, and pick pockets.
* BadassBoast: Cyrano’s gasconades are spread among the entire play beginning with Act I Scene IV.
--> '''De Guiche:''' Oh, ay! Another Gascon boast!
* BaseBreakingCharacter: Played InUniverse at Act II Scene VII when Cyrano finds Literature/DonQuixote identifiable, compelling, sympathetic and worthy of imitation, whereas Count De Guiche finds him absolutely insufferable.
* BattleChant: The Gacony Cadets have a chant they do for Christian to demonstrate their togetherness.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: Being a member of Les Precieuses, Roxane believes that if Christian is fair, [[BeautyEqualsGoodness therefore he must be eloquent]].
* TheBeard: Viscount de Valvert is willing to marry Roxane so Count De Guiche will bully her to be his [[TheMistress mistress]].
* BeastAndBeauty: In Cyrano's eyes, at least, but without the beast being made beautiful, as he {{lampshades}}.
--> '''Roxane''': Live, for I love you! \\
'''Cyrano''': No, In fairy tales \\
When to the ill-starred Prince the lady says\\
'I love you!' all his ugliness fades fast -- \\
But I remain the same, up to the last!
* BerserkButton: The cadets warn their new recruit Christian not to mention the word "nose" around Cyrano if he values his life. Christian decides to show off by doing it anyway, pushing Cyrano nearly to strangle him. Some actors portraying Cyrano show him growing more visibly annoyed at Christian's interruptions and play up the comedy of his attempting to compose himself. But before this scene, he killed De Valvert for saying "you have a big nose".
* BeYourself: Poor Christian believes in this philosophy.
-->'''Christian''': I will be loved myself -- or not at all!
* BirdsOfAFeather: Roxane and Cyrano are both adrenaline junkies who love poetry.
* BittersweetEnding
* BraggingThemeTune: Cyrano improvises a poem about the life of a Gascon Cadet at Act II Scene VII.
* BrainlessBeauty: Christian, in his own eyes at least. In truth, he is far from stupid, as he improvises some wonderfully witty insults regarding Cyrano's nose when they are first introduced. He's just hopeless when it comes to talking to women. Roxane also (ironically) lampshades this trope in Act III Scene I, saying people usually don't believe someone can be both beautiful ''and'' smart.
* BrokenAce: Cyrano, Renaissance man, legendary poet, duelist, soldier, philosopher, physicist, musician, playwright, novelist and excellent actor, who also is an ugly, writhing pile of FreudianExcuse, who systematically throws away every chance of success he has, would rather help some other guy get the girl he loves than confess to her, and assiduously kills anyone who mocks his [[BerserkButton enormous nose]].
* BrokenPedestal: [[Creator/{{Moliere}} Molière]], in Ragueneau's eyes, for stealing a scene from Cyrano. Cyrano himself thinks Molière has good taste and is truly thankful because he knows that it's the only of his works that will not be forgotten.
* BullyHunter: Cyrano proclaims himself a bully hunter at Act I Scene V by challenging anyone to bully his enormous nose, threatening (and dispensing) DisproportionateRetribution.
* BullyingADragon: Most prominently, after some comments about Cyrano's murdering ways by the cadets, Christian makes a HurricaneOfPuns about Cyrano's nose.
* ButForMeItWasTuesday:
-->'''First poet''': We were stayed by the mob; they are crowded all round the Porte de Nesle!... \\
'''Second poet''': Eight bleeding brigand carcasses strew the pavements there—all slit open \\
with sword-gashes! \\
'''Cyrano''' ''[raising his head a minute from writing his love letter]'': Eight?... hold, methought seven. \\
''[He goes on writing.]''
* BuyThemOff: Used by Cyrano after he refuses to apologize to the Burgundy Theater's audience for interrupting ''[[ShowWithinAShow La Clorise]]''; he pays Bellerose for all the entrance fees so they can give it back to the public. Cyrano uses it to bribe the Duenna to leave her and Roxane alone, and De Guiche invokes it with Cyrano and Cardenal Richelieu's patronage.
* CannotSpitItOut: Justified, Cyrano has a FreudianExcuse that doesn't let him spit it out.
* CausticCritic: Cyrano of Montfleury and The Preciouses.
* TheCavalierYears: The setting.
* ChefOfIron: Ragueneau is a SupremeChef who is capable of cooking enough food for a regiment and then he risks his life to help Roxane smuggle it through enemy lines for the French troops.
* ChekhovsGun: Cyrano's slight cut at Act II Scene III would turn important at Act II Scene VI.
* ChildhoodFriendRomance: Between [[PlayingCyrano (well, kind of)]] Cyrano and Roxane.
* ComicallySmallBribe: Cyrano bribes Roxane's Duenna (to [[LeaveTheTwoLovebirdsAlone leave him alone with Roxane]]) with pastries.
* ComplimentBackfire: Cyrano tricks the poor Bore to invoke this trope (so he can literally kick the Bore's ass).
-->'''Cyrano:''' Why then that air disparaging? -- perchance you think it large? \\
'''The Bore''' ''(stammering):'' No, small, quite small--minute! \\
'''Cyrano:''' Minute! What now? \\
Accuse me of a thing ridiculous!\\
Small--my nose?
* CompositeCharacter: Le Bret and Carbon in the Burgess adaptation.
** The character of Magdeleine Robin alias Roxane in a mix of two actual people : Magdeleine Robineau, the wife of the real-life Christian de Neuvillette and [[NamesTheSame her (unrelated) homonym Marie Robineau]], a ''precieuse'' [[OnlyKnownByTheirNickname who was going by the name of "Roxane"]].
* ConspicuousConsumption: Cyrano combines it with AFoolAndHisNewMoneyAreSoonParted, as he confides to Le Bret that [[BuyThemOff the bag of crowns he used to pay the entrance fees of the Burgundy Theater]] was his parental bounty, and so he has not money for the rest of the month. Even when Le Bret scolds Cyrano for his folly, Cyrano calls this ''"a graceful act"''. This conduct explains better than anything why Cyrano is condemned to a life of PerpetualPoverty.
* CrackIsCheaper: This attitude is shown InUniverse (and deconstructed) by the baker [[FanDumb Ragueneau]] in this play. His wife Lise remembers a time when he was a normal person, a SupremeChef with a successful bakery. But over time, he gets infatuated with the poets and his lifestyle. In the first Act, he pays theater’s tickets with pies. By the second Act, he accepts poems in return for his food, [[ConspicuousConsumption he pays too much money to an assistant for baking a pie with the form of a lyre]] and cannot renounce to even one of his precious poems. He will be completely ruined in the beginning of the third Act, [[YourCheatingHeart abandoned by his neglected wife Lise]] and he will attempt an InterruptedSuicide.
* CurbStompBattle: The highly probable outcome of any battle ([[VolleyingInsults of wits]] or [[SwordFight of swords]]) with Cyrano.
* DareToBeBadass: In this play, the DareToBeBadass is not a CallToAdventure from the ThresholdGuardians, but a dare to try BullyingADragon from a JerkAss. HilarityEnsues repeatedly.
* DeadlyDecadentCourt
* DeadpanSnarker: Cyrano, Lise, Ragueneau... In a play settled in Paris at TheCavalierYears, WittyBanter is SeriousBusiness for everyone.
* DespiteThePlan:
** Roxane plans to marry Christian when she sees that De Guiche plans to visit her that night.
** De Guiche plans a LastStand for the Gascon Cadets.
** Cyrano plans PlayingCyrano so he can win Roxane’s love.
* DiedInYourArmsTonight: Twice!
* DidNotGetTheGirl
* DisproportionateRetribution: Ligniere exposes Count De Guiche's plan to bully Roxane into being TheMistress. De Guiche sends a hundred men to punish Ligniere.
* DontYouDarePityMe: Cyrano is this ''personified''.
* DramaticIrony: In Act II Scene IV, the poets comment about how the last night, only one man singlehandedly put a whole band of one hundred men to the rout. Only the audience knows that the hero was Cyrano.
* DuelsDecideEverything: Averted.
* TheDuenna
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Cyrano's performance at the Burgundy Theater.
* ExcuseMeWhileIMultitask: Cyrano composes a ballad in honor of his opponent while in the midst of a swordfight.
* ExecutiveMeddling: An example InUniverse, when Cyrano is tempted to accept a patronage from Cardenal Richelieu, but then de Guiche mentions the one thing Cyrano will not tolerate -- someone touching his verses.
* ExpositionParty: Act I Scene II. Before ''La Clorise'' begins, all the important characters are in the theater. Some of them are presented to the NaiveNewcomer Christian, and MrExposition Ligniere talks about the relationship between Roxane, De Guiche and Valvert. The protagonist himself is absent, so everyone talks about him... because he promised to ruin the play they intend to attend.
* {{Expy}}:
** The Duenna is an expy of The Nurse from ''RomeoAndJuliet''.
** Raguenau is an expy of M. Jourdain, protagonist of ''Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme'' (a play by Creator/{{Moliere}}.)
** Cyrano is an expy of Grisóstomo, a character from ''Literature/DonQuixote''.
** Le Bret is an expy of Ambrosio, best friend of Grisóstomo, a character from ''Literature/DonQuixote''.
** Roxane is an expy of Marcela, a character from ''Literature/DonQuixote''.
** ''The Hero Of Romance '' is an expy and SpearCounterpart of Dulcinea, a character from ''Literature/DonQuixote'': A ShadowArchetype who embodies all that is lovable (and none of the defects) of a woman or a man, and that only lives in the mind of his lover.
* FalseFriend: The poets who frequent Raguenau's company claim to love his poetry, but they only want to leech off him. Le Bret lampshades that the true sign of success in Paris at TheCavalierYears is being surrounded by False Friends.
* {{Farce}}: A blend of {{Farce}} and {{Tragedy}}.
* FatBastard: Montfleury, according to Cyrano.
* FatalFlaw: Vanity, as Cyrano admits in his final scene.
* AFatherToHisMen: Carbon de Castel-Jaloux. He calls his men "my sons" in Act IV.
* FetchQuest: The Pickpocket sends Christian to various taverns to leave Ligniere a note in each of them about the plot against his life.
* FireForgedFriends: Cyrano and Christian’s friendship is not born because they fight against the same enemy, but because they are courting TheAce Roxane, from whose rejection both of them are terribly afraid and must gather all their courage only to face her.
* FloweryInsults: De Valvert tries to insult Cyrano, but all he can say is: "Sir, your nose is... hmm... it is... very big!" Cyrano berates him for being unimaginative, and gives examples of better insults in many different styles.
* {{Foil}}: de Guiche for Cyrano, as outlined in his speech comparing the two of them in Act V.
* FreudianExcuse: In Act V Scene VI, we learn the reason why Cyrano could never believe the obvious fact that Roxane could love him back and why he insisted on being a LoveMartyr.
--> '''Cyrano:''' Never on me had rested woman's love. \\
My mother even could not find me fair: \\
I had no sister; and, when grown a man, \\
I feared the mistress who would mock at me.
* GagNose
* GayParee
* GeniusBruiser: Cyrano
* GentlemanSnarker: Cyrano
* GiftedlyBad: Montfleury thinks he is a dramatic actor capable of romancing the ladies. Everyone else (except maybe his protector the Duke of Candale) disagrees.
* TheGhost: Cardinal Richelieu, [[TheManBehindTheMan the most powerful man in France]].
* GloveSlap: Invoked by Christian and Cyrano, but neither of them plays it straight.
* TheGrotesque: Cyrano considers himself one even though all that's wrong with him is that he has a big nose.
* GrumpyBear: Despite all the evidence the audience can see to the contrary, Cyrano just cannot consider even for a second that Roxane actually might be able to look past his appearance and love him for his soul.
* HaHaHaNo: Cyrano invokes this trope in Act I Scene V when he considers the possibility that an ugly man could love, and De Guiche plays it straight in Act II Scene VII when he reveals that he was the man who hired a hundred men against a poet for a satiric poem.
* HavingAGayOldTime: The use of the word "baiser" to mean "to kiss"; nowadays, it means [[PrecisionFStrike something a bit stronger...]]
* HeartbrokenBadass: Cyrano, after Act II Scene VI.
* HeelFaceTurn: de Guiche, to an extent, at the end of the play. It seems that he realizes how much he hurt Roxane through his machinations, and has mellowed significantly. Even before that, he surprises everyone in Act IV by electing to stay at the front and fight alongside the men under his command who are facing Certain Doom... even though his rank as an officer would allow him to lead from the rear. Possibly he discovered then that GoodFeelsGood.
* HeroicSelfDeprecation: Cyrano is his own harshest critic.
* HeroWorshipper: Ragueneau has shades of this, to Cyrano.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Best friends Le Bret and Cyrano.
* HiddenDepths:
** Roxane the refined intellectual surprises her three suitors by proving quite the adventuress, sneaking behind enemy lines to deliver food to the French soldiers and then staying with them once the battle starts.
** Christian gets written off by many who haven't read the play as a male bimbo. While he's not as book smart as Cyrano or Roxane and is utterly hopeless at talking to women, he's witty enough to think of several nose-related puns on the fly when he first meets Cyrano.
** Given Raguenau’s status as the ButtMonkey in Act II, he could be considered a mere PluckyComicRelief character. Then we have Act IV where Raguenau risks his life to smuggle food to the Gascon Cadets in the siege of Arras.
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: Inverted with Cyrano: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrano_de_Bergerac Look at this contemporary portrait at the other Wiki]]. Portraits of Cyrano suggest that he did have a big nose, true, though not nearly as large to justify to an audience all the fuss Cyrano makes about it. So, this Historical Domain Character must look much ''worse'' in theater/movies than he actually did in real life for the play to make sense. Just compare the portrait with [[http://mccauluwsherburn.blogspot.com/2010/06/cyrano-de-bergerac.html those images of Cyrano’s depiction in theater and movies]].
* HomosocialHeterosexuality: The play is more about Cyrano and Christian than it is about poor Roxanne. They come to care far more genuinely for each other than either do for her. Practically Cyrano's last words to her are to beg that she keep on loving Christian's memory and grieving for him.
* HopeSpot: Cyrano has two in his hope for winning Roxane’s love. His first HopeSpot lasts a night (between Acts I and II) until he hears Roxane describe the guy she loves as "fair," and the other lasts only mere seconds, right before he hears that Christian has been mortally wounded.
* HurricaneOfPuns: The hurricane of nose puns that Christian applies to Cyrano's tale is all but funny because all the cadets anticipate Cyrano's response in silent horror. Cyrano usually doesn't tolerate ANYBODY mentioning noses around him, and only his promise to Roxane to protect Christian from the rest of the soldiers' attempts at hazing the new recruits keeps him from starting a fight.
* HumiliationConga: Cyrano puts Valvert through one and de Guiche through many, Roxane puts Christian through one and the last four acts are a long HumiliationConga for Cyrano. The fact that he retains a measure of his characteristic "panache" despite the situation reveals just how deep his moxie goes.
* [[ICantBelieveAGuyLikeYouWouldNoticeMe I Can't Believe A Girl Like You Would Notice Me]]: Cyrano is a self-loathing JerkassWoobie who fails to notice any of his own redeeming qualities. He cannot believe smart and beautiful Roxane will ever love him.
* IKissYourHand: Cyrano kisses the [[SmittenTeenageGirl Buffet-Girl's]] hand after she offers him free food.
* IllNeverTellYouWhatImTellingYou: Amazingly PlayedForDrama when [[MasterOfDelusion Roxane]], after fourteen years, at last realizes that Cyrano was PlayingCyrano:
--> '''Cyrano:''' I loved you not. \\
'''Roxane:''' You loved me not?\\
'''Cyrano:''' [[LovesMyAlterEgo 'Twas he!]]\\
'''Roxane:''' You loved me!\\
'''Cyrano:''' No!\\
'''Roxane:''' See! how you falter now!\\
'''Cyrano:''' ''No, my sweet love, I never loved you!''
* ImpossibleTask: Cyrano claims that fate has decreed that he, being TheGrotesque because of his large nose, must love the most beautiful woman there is.
* IdiotHero: The ideal of a Gascon Cadet -- You can do anything stupid as long as is heroic enough.
* ImpoverishedPatrician: Christian and all the Gascon cadets except de Guiche.
* InformedAttractiveness: Roxanne.
* InsultBackfire: Viscount de Valvert calls Cyrano an ImpoverishedPatrician and [[WritersSuck poet]]. He doesn’t mind at all.
* InsultMisfire: In Act I Scene IV, Cyrano manages to misfire the insult to the same person who uttered it:
--> '''Viscount de Valvert:''' Base scoundrel! Rascally flat-footed lout! \\
'''Cyrano''': ''(taking off his hat, and bowing as if the viscount had introduced himself)'' Ah? And I, Cyrano Savinien \\
Hercule de Bergerac.
* InterruptedSuicide: Cyrano does this for Ragueneau.
* InTheBlood: When Cyrano reacts with shock at Roxane's intention to remain with them during the battle, she responds, "Monsieur de Bergerac, I ''am'' your cousin."
* ItsAllMyFault: Roxane says this in Act V. She's wrong, this mess is all Cyrano's.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Cyrano. Later, Christian.
* JerkAss: This play deconstructs this trope, as a matter of fact; it’s easier to mention the people who don’t act like a jerkass to someone, sometime in the play. [[note]](Le Bret, the buffet Girl, the nuns)[[/note]]
* JerkJustifications: Cyrano has Type I, II and II, de Guiche and Raguenaeau have Type II.
* KickTheDog: De Guiche finally loses his cool after Cyrano insults him one too many times. Since they're at the front lines, he promptly sends a signal which ensures that in about an hour Cyrano and his men will be attacked by quite a lot of the Spanish army.
* KissingCousins: Cyrano is in love with his cousin Roxane, but she can only see him as a brother.
* LameComeback: Immediately jumped on by Cyrano as an opportunity to mock the guy in the FloweryInsults scene.
* LargeHam: Depardieu as Cyrano in TheMovie.
* TheLastDJ: Cyrano dares to refuse Cardinal Richelieu's patronage as a playwright because [[ExecutiveMeddling Richelieu could alter his lines]].
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: This play is a blend of farce and drama, and his first act is placed at the Burgundy Theater. Cyrano has interrumpted the ShowWithinAShow ''La Clorise''. The rest of the theater actors are rehearsing a new play, and Cyrano invites them to look at a SwordFight he will have with one hundred men. ItMakesSenseInContext, but it still feels as though Cyrano is talking about his own play.
* LeaveTheTwoLovebirdsAlone: Cyrano invokes this trope when Roxane and her Duenna met him at the bakery of the poets (Roxane's Duenna is supposed to be her chaperone). Cyrano bribes the Duenna with pastries and ask her to eat them in the street, so he can have some privacy with Roxane.
* LetThemDieHappy: Cyrano tells Christian that Roxane chose to love him.
* LikeBrotherAndSister: Roxane breaks Cyrano's heart with this speech (with a chaser of JustFriends) in Act II Act II Scene VI.
* LongingLook: Montfleury gives one of these to Roxane; this is the true cause of Cyrano’s grudge against him.
* LongList: Act I Scene IV: Cyrano improvises twenty better insults that "Your nose is very big" about his own nose.
** The number of taverns Christian needs to visit to leave a note to Ligniere warning about the plot against him.
** The number of enemies (not counting the ladies) that Cyrano has made at the Burgundy Theater.
* LoveAtFirstSight: [[{{Deconstruction}} Deconstructed]], as Roxane tells Cyrano she fell in love with Christian this way, and his response amounts to, "Are you nuts?! You don't even know a single thing about the guy, and you're in love with him?!" (When he meets Christian, however, he admits he can't blame her, [[EvenTheGuysWantHim as he is good-looking,]] and proves to be as brave as the stories about him say, Cyrano also notes the boy is not without wit). Roxane later apologizes to Christian, saying it was wrong of her to fall for him purely for his appearance and that she's learned to love him for his soul (right lesson, wrong guy!).
* LoveHurts
* LoveLetterLunacy
* LovesMyAlterEgo
* ManlyTears: Cyrano insists in Act I that he never cries, but in Act IV, Christian notices a tear drop on his most recent love letter to Roxane.
* MasterOfDelusion: Cyrano cannot conceive that any woman, even an ugly one, could love him. Roxane ignores any proof Christian is not eloquent or that Cyrano loves her, De Guiche cannot conceive that Roxane could reject him. Christian is the only one capable of facing the truth.
* MartyrdomCulture: All the Gascons sincerely believe that dying for one's beliefs is the only truly worthwhile thing one can do with one's life.
* MartyrWithoutACause: Cyrano, and Le Bret continuously scolds him about this attitude.
* MeaningfulRename: Cyrano's cousin was named Madeleine Robin, but as a member of [[FanDumb Les Précieuses]], she took a new name in order to reflect the change in their role in life. "Roxane" is an Iranian Name (Roshanak) that means "Little Star" and was the name of princess Roxane, who married Alexander the Great. "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_relationships_of_Alexander_the_Great Roxane was said by contemporaries to be the most beautiful lady in all Asia]]". TruthInTelevision, because the RealLife Madeleine Robin chose this name.
* MilesGloriosus: The Musketter is identified as this by Raguenau, who doesn't seem to realize that he is his wife's lover.
* MinorFlawMajorBreakup: Roxane's requirement that her guy prove how special she is to him via poetic genius.
* MoodDissonance: In Act II Scene VI, Cyrano's heart is broken when Roxane confesses to him that she is in love with Christian. Then the Duenna interrupts Cyrano and Roxane telling him she has eaten all the pies Cyrano give them. He comically sends her to read poems and closes the door in her face. The last four acts of this play have funny things and tragic things happening one after the other.
* MoodWhiplash: Given this play is a blend between {{Farce}} and {{Tragedy}}, there first three acts are more of a comedy with some dramatic elements, and the two last acts are more of a drama with comedic elements, but in all acts the contrasting elements resonate against each other.
* {{Motifs}}: Hunger and food (desire and satisfaction).
* NaiveNewcomer: At Act I, Christian has scarcely been twenty days in Paris and begs Ligniere to introduce him to Roxane. He also will join the Guards in the Cadets the next day.
* NewMeat: Christian obviously lacks combat experience and is bullied by the rest of the cadets. Fortunately for him, Cyrano helps him to be accepted after Christian demonstrates his valor by bullying Cyrano with a cool HurricaneOfPuns.
* NotAMask: In Act I Scene II, Cyrano is described by one of his friends, Raguenau, as someone who has a nose so incredible, that everyone think it's a joke and he will take his mask off, but Cyrano will ''always keep it on''.
* OneManArmy: Between Acts I and II, Cyrano stands against one hundred men and kills eight of them. Between Acts IV and V, he manages to survive the LastStand of only one company of Gascon cadets against ''all'' the Spanish Army.
* OutdatedOutfit: The marquises notice Christian is wearing one, signifying his status as another ImpoverishedPatrician who is a NaiveNewcomer to Paris.
** Cyrano also sports a ruff and disparages the newer fashion of collars
* OverlyLongName: {{lampshaded}} in Act IV, Scene VI:
-->'''Carbon''': It is perchance more seemly, since things are thus, that I present to you some of these gentlemen who are about to have the honour of dying before your eyes.\\
Baron de Peyrescous de Colignac!\\
'''The Cadet''': Madame...\\
'''Carbon''' ''(continuing)'': Baron de Casterac de Cahuzac,- Vidame de Malgouyre Estressac Lesbas d'Escarabiot, Chevalier d'Antignac-Juzet, Baron Hillot de Blagnac- Salechan de Castel Crabioules...\\
'''Roxane'''. ''But how many names have you each?''\\
'''Baron Hillot''': ''Scores!'' (''"Des foules!"'')
* ParalyzingFearOfSexuality: Cyrano confesses to Le Bret that the only thing he fears in the world is that Roxane will laugh at him when he confesses his love for her.
* PerpetualPoverty: Cyrano, due to always indulging in ConspicuousConsumption combined with AFoolAndHisNewMoneyAreSoonParted.
* PinocchioNose: Alluded to by Cyrano after he has fought one hundred men.
--> '''Ragueneau:''' Have you been in some danger?
--> '''Cyrano:''' [[BlatantLies None in the world.]]
--> '''Lise:''' ''(shaking her finger at him)'' Methinks you speak not the truth in saying that!
--> '''Cyrano:''' [[Literature/TheAdventuresOfPinocchio Did you see my nose quiver when I spoke?]] 'Faith, it must have been a
--> monstrous lie that should move it!
* ThePiratesWhoDontDoAnything: Invoked by Cyrano's improvised poem ''The Bold Cadets of Gascony'', where he describes the life of a Gascon Cadet as nothing more than brawling, swaggering, hiding they are poor, getting badass sobriquets, chasing married women, and [intimidating their husbands.
* PlayingCyrano: The TropeNamer and TropeMaker.
* PoirotSpeak: Ragueneau hears only a few words spoken in Gascon dialect and realizes that the Cadets are a regiment composed by Gascons. Notice those are the only Gascon words in the play (apart from some in Act IV) because the Gascon Cadets all talk in [[SurprisinglyGoodEnglish SurprisinglyGoodFrench]].
* PracticalJoke: The Pages in the upper gallery pull up a Burgher's wig on the end of a string.
* ProfessionalButtKisser: Cyrano [[DiscussedTrope discusses this trope]] with Le Bret and vows to [[DefiedTrope defy it]].
* ProtectionFromEditors: InUniverse: The real reason behind Cyrano's rejection of patronage.
* ProudWarriorRaceGuy meets TruthInTelevision: For centuries, the Gascons have had this reputation among the French.
* PurpleProse: In the ShowWithinAShow ''La Clorise''.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: Some of the things the real historical Cyrano supposedly did were not included in the story because they stretch suspension of disbelief too far.
* RenaissanceMan: Cyrano (both in the play and in RealLife).
* ReversePsychology: Roxane and Christian fake an ArrangedMarriage to trick a friar into marrying them.
* RomanticFalseLead: Christian.
* RunOrDie: Montfleury makes his choice in Act I Scene IV after Cyrano claps a third time: he runs for his life. Later, The Bore also makes his choice, after Cyrano literally kicks his ass. It was the correct choice for both of them.
* SamaritanSyndrome: Christian wishes to have time to defy TheRival to a duel and woo his LoveInterest, but he has to save a life!
* SecretlyDying: Cyrano, due to a...
* SecretStabWound: His head injury in the final scene.
* SelectiveObliviousness: Cyrano fails to notice that the buffet-girl is a SmittenTeenageGirl with him. He is so convinced he cannot be loved, that Le Bret must point this out to him.
* SelfDeprecation: After a man tries to insult Cyrano and tells him that his nose is "very big", he gives a LongList of better insults in various styles. However, he makes it clear that he wouldn't take such insults from anyone but himself.
* SideBet: Cyrano has threatened to punish Montfleaury if he acts in ''La Clorise''. Raguenau and the first Marquis bet a fowl ''"a la Raguenau"'' over if he will fulfill his threat or not.
* ASimplePlan: Being a {{Farce}}, this play has enough simple plans to qualify for a GambitPileup, and, obviously, none of them work.
* ShapedLikeItself: Act I Scene VII, just before Cyrano will fight against one hundred men, he combines this trope with a BadassBoast:
--> '''Cyrano:''' ... And, shortly, you shall see what you shall see!
* ShoutOut:
** After Cyrano fights a duel while improvising a poem early in the play, [[Literature/TheThreeMusketeers d'Artagnan]] (also a Gascon) [[LawyerFriendlyCameo shows up briefly]] to tell him how cool it was. In real life they were contemporaries -- it would be surprising if Cyrano de Bergerac (1619-1655) and d'Artagnan (1615-1673) had not run into each other quite a bit.
** In Act I Scene VII: Theophrast Reunadet (talented creator of the first paper, [[WideEyedIdealist famous philanthropist who died in poverty]]) shows up briefly only to be dismissed by Cyrano (''"Who cares?"''). Renaudet was homely, and this affected him throughout his life (the real Cyrano seemed not so affected by this).
** Also to Titus and Berenice and Caesar and Cleopatra, two of the most famous romances in history, ''Literature/TheAdventuresOfPinocchio'', and ''Literature/DonQuixote''.
* SmittenTeenageGirl: Cyrano picks up one in the theater.
* SmallNameBigEgo: Cyrano accuses Cardinal Richelieu of this when he dismisses the idea of him being bothered by the interruption of ''La Clorise''.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: Roxane is known as "Roxana" in the Anthony Burgess version.
* StalkerWithACrush: de Guiche for Roxane, despite that he is already married.
* StarvingArtist: From Act I through Act V (that’s fifteen years), Cyrano’s friends constantly comment on how he rarely eats well. It's not that Cyrano is a bad artist; it's just that he writes satiric letters denouncing false people–- namely, everyone.
* StepfordSmiler: Cyrano is a Type A, obsessed with not projecting an image of sadness in order to be accepted by his peers.
* StylisticSuck: Ragueneau's theme for a poem is a recipe in verse.
* SupremeChef: Ragueneau
* SwordFight: In Act I Scene IV, Cyrano and Viscount de Valvert engage in one and Cyrano wins. In Act V Scene VI, Cyrano raves about another SwordFight with all his enemies (Falsehood, Treachery, Compromise, Prejudice, Folly and Death itself), a combat that Cyrano know he has already lost.
* SympathyForTheHero: De Guiche comes to admire Cyrano and his moral courage.
* TakeOurWordForIt: Between acts, Cyrano fights (and defeats!) one hundred thugs, saves Raguenau’s life doing an InterruptedSuicide, manages to write love letters beautiful enough to make Roxane fall more madly in love with Christian, and to pick De Guiche’s scarf from the battlefield.
* TakeThat:
** Cyrano and his troops are enemies of [[Literature/TheThreeMusketeers musketeers]], who are presented as lecherous thugs whose courage doesn't match their boastfulness [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and who don’t pay their theatre tickets]]. Something of this can also possibly be seen toward the famous playwright [[Creator/{{Moliere}} Molière]] (in part because, as mentioned in the play, his play ''Scapin'' was plagiarized from Cyrano). Roxane is one of the ''Précieuses'' ridiculed by Molière but is a fairly level-headed, sympathetic character. Ragueneau kind of fits the model of Molière's cuckolded characters and idolizes him, but when he finally gets a job with him, realizes his idol is an example of NiceCharacterMeanActor. Fictional Cyrano accuses Sercy, ([[HistoricalDomainCharacter the historical editor of the historical Cyrano’s books]]) of practicing VanityPublishing, [[DontExplainTheJoke implying that the historical Cyrano indulged in this practice]].
* TakingTheVeil: Roxane, after she's widowed, retires to a convent.
* ThePowerOfLegacy: [[spoiler: When Christian dies before Cyrano can reveal his secret to Roxanne, Cyrano lets her keep believing Christian was the poet she thought he was (until Cyrano himself is mortally wounded and she figures out the truth)]]
* ThinkNothingOfIt: Cyrano does not claim the credit for the victory over one hundred thugs; he even denies being the hero. Then subverted Roxane, the only person he cares about, really think's nothing of his victory.
* ThrowingDownTheGauntlet
* TriangRelations: Type 4.
* TrueBeautyIsOnTheInside: Cyrano is too cynical to believe people actually believe this. Nevertheless, he invokes this trope at Act I Scene IV when Viscount de Valvert mocks his poor clothes:
-->'''Cyrano''': True; all my elegances are within.
* TwoPersonLoveTriangle: Roxane and Cyrano have become this by the end.
* TheUriahGambit: de Guiche tries to orchestrate one for Christian.
* VanityPublishing: InUniverse: [[StarvingArtist Cyrano]] [[DiscussedTrope discuss this trope]] with [[TheWatson Le Bret]], claiming that he will [[DefiedTrope not pay an editor named Sercy to print his verses]].
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: A strange case, combined with a subverted RomanAClef where the names did not change, according to [[http://cyranose.wikispaces.com/the+real+Cyrano this wiki about the play]].
* VolleyingInsults: Viscount de Valvert and Cyrano engage in this in Act I Scene IV.
* WakeUpGoToSchoolSaveTheWorld: Cyrano, in his own way. He can fight off a hundred men easily enough, but he doesn't have the courage to explain his feelings to the woman he loves.
* WarriorPoet: Cyrano again.
* TheWatson: Le Bret. In half of his dialogue with Cyrano, he asks Cyrano the same questions the audience must be asking (ex. "Why in hell did you something so jerkish/stupid/selfdestructive?"), and Cyrano explains what's going on.
* WellExcuseMePrincess: Roxane's requirement that her guy prove how special she is to him via poetic genius is reminiscent of this.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Does Viscount de Valvert survive his SwordFight with Cyrano in Act I Scene IV or not? The last we see of him is that his friends carry him offstage after his defeat.
* WhatTheHellHero: Nice job ruining three lives Cyrano.
* WhenSheSmiles: Joked as the reason Roxane made it past enemy lines.
--> '''Carbon:''' True, ''that smile is a passport!''
** In the Depardieu film this doesn't quite work, so Christian is given a scene where [[AdaptationalHeroism he and other cadets rescue her and Ragueneau from the Spanish.]]
* WorthIt: Cyrano spends his entire month's salary to humiliate Montfleurry.
-->'''Le Bret:''' "What folly!"
-->'''Cyrano:''' "But what a gesture."
* WouldntHitAGirl[=/=]ShowSomeLeg: Shows up in Roxane's journey past enemy Spaniards to join her husband.
* WritersSuck: Viscount de Valvert shows his contempt for poets by calling Cyrano one of them.
* WrongInsultOffence: Cyrano had a very large nose, which a bit character insulted by calling it "rather large." Cyrano's reaction was to tell him that "rather large" was an absolutely pathetic excuse for an insult and go on to tell him various better ways to insult him.
* YouFightLikeACow: Cyrano composes a ballad in honor of Viscount de Valvert while they have a SwordFight. Valvert is too busy fighting for his life to answer a word.