-> ''It is the dawn of the sixth millennium and the skies are darkening, for the suns themselves are fading. Humans reached the stars long ago, building a Republic of high technology and universal emancipation and then squandered it, fought over it, and finally lost it. A new Dark Age has descended on humanity, for the greatest of civilizations has fallen and even the stars die. Now, feudal lords rule the Known Worlds, vying for power with fanatic priests and scheming guilds.''

''Fading Suns'' is a role-playing game by Holistic Design, Inc., designed by Bill Bridges and Andrew Greenberg, also known for their work on ''TabletopGame/TheWorldOfDarkness'' games. It's a soft, {{space opera}}tic science-fiction game notable for its unusual, well-developed setting that is as teeming with action as it is with politics and courtly antics.

A great strength of the game is its versatility - do you like court intrigues? It's here. War stories? At least three fronts at the moment. Hard SF or space opera? We've got the ships, we've got the weapons. Guilds and fleets await. Soft SF, fantasy elements? Psionic powers, Ur ruins, Church demonology in the countryside. Lovecraftian horror? Daemons and Void Krakens. Cyberpunk? Guild affairs at the lowest levels of megacities. Dungeon crawl? Ur ruins and forgotten Republican complexes still here. Even D&D-style heroic fantasy, if you try.

The creators' idea for a game is ''Passion Play'', that is, [[CentralTheme to view the adventures of the Player Characters as a saga of Mankind's redemption.]]

!! The backstory
In [[ExtyYearsFromNow the near future]], Earth unified politically under the aegis of [[MegaCorp international megacorporations]]. Corporate rule quickly turned oppressive, yet the First Republic also saw exploration and economic development in the Solar System. Then, in the 24th Century, humans discovered the Stargate, the first proof (excluding several dubious findings on Mars) of extraterrestrial civilization. What's more important, the huge artifact opened the door to the [[PortalNetwork Jumpweb]] left by [[{{Precursors}} the ancient race]], dubbed Ur or Anunnaki.

The corporations seized the opportunity; quickly, though, they discovered their inability to exert control over the colonists, who, one community after another, declared themselves independent from Earth. Thus the Diaspora was born. Many of these communities were led by charismatic people, often forming ruling clans. These clans, for added splendor, often traced their lineages to [[RoyalBlood royalty and aristocracy]] of pre-Space Earth, becoming [[BlueBlood noble houses]].

The discovery of alien civilisations was a blow to already weak organised religions, and various sects, Anunnaki cults and others sprang up. Among them, the most notorious (and most hunted, due to its dangerousness to corporate and social order) was the Sathra cult, popular among starship pilots. In the 28th Century, Zebulon, a Christian - either Catholic or Orthodox - priest took to the stars, hoping for some kind of sign. The illumination he found was beyond his dreams. He became the Prophet of a new, ultimate faith, preaching to humans and aliens of the Diaspora, performing miracles and gathering Apostles and followers, who after his death wrote the Omega Gospels and started the [[CrystalDragonJesus Church of Celestial Sun]].

In the early to mid-fourth millennium, inspired by the Church and ideas of free trade and philosophies of human rights, the people of the Diaspora united again, forming the mighty Second Republic. It was a period of unparallelled progress; people settled countless worlds, scientists were on track to prove anything was possible, illnesses and hunger belonged to legends, and medical care made even the most suicidal of extreme sports safe. But all things come to an end.

Closing to the turn of millenium, cheap robotic and alien labour left many jobless, scientific experiments began to [[ForScience turn Frankensteinian]], and the man-on-the-street linked the Republic with heavy taxes and political squabbles. And above all, [[FromBadToWorse stars began to fade]]. While one by one, border worlds were leaving the republic, at its heart people turned to noble houses preaching the ideals of ''noblesse oblige''. The ten most powerful of these took up arms to fight the separatists, but to save the Republic was not their intention. Finally, the Ten conquered the capital world and the Second Republic came to an end.

The first half of the fifth millenium became known as [[FeudalFuture the New Dark Ages]]. [[MedievalMorons Most people became simple peasants]], [[CorruptChurch the Church prohibited advanced technology]], [[AristocratsAreEvil nobles ruled from their castles]], and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive remnants of Republican know-how formed Guilds]]. When barbarians of former separatist worlds invaded, one man - Vladimir of House Alecto - stood to fight them. He managed to unite the forces of the Known Worlds (as the core worlds of human space were now called) behind him and drove off the invaders, [[HopeSpot but was assassinated]] during his crowning by an unknown assailant (though gossip says he was killed by daemons).

Vladimir, however, did leave an apparatus of administration - and a precedent. In the 50th Century, one Imperial claim unleashed an avalanche, plunging the Known Worlds into a five-way (as five of the original Ten perished or lost their influence in the meantime) war, with the Church and Merchant League eyeing the situation in case of a possibility to establish a theocracy or another republic. Ultimately it was Alexius of House Hawkwood who managed to gather the support of the Church and League, forged an alliance with Houses al-Malik and Li Halan, defeated his opponents, and crowned himself as Emperor Alexius the First.

The new Emperor took swiftly to rebuilding the Known Worlds after the war. Instead of imposing his rule by force of his army, Alexius opted for a more charismatic and peaceful lead, by inspiring others to join him and stirring the old power structures to release the eager young. Thus he started a period of opportunity and hope - a perfect time for those who want to forge their own destiny.

... And this is when the Player Characters appear.

The original RPG also spawned a few spin-off games and other media:
* ''Noble Armada'', a tactical starship combat miniatures game.
* ''Emperor of the Fading Suns'', a turn-based computer strategy game that takes place during the Emperor wars that ended with Alexius's coronation. Perhaps less well-known that it deserved due to rushed production, it gathered a small if friendly fan community that patched up the bugs and issues, and can be found on an occasional {{Abandonware}} site.
* ''The Sinful Stars: Tales of the Fading Suns'', a collection of short stories by Bill Bridges set in the ''Fading Suns'' universe.
* There was an attempted video game that involved outfitting and flying a starship. It reached the demo stage, but apparently didn't go much further.


A character sheet, listing the major factions of the Known Worlds, can be found [[Characters/FadingSuns here]].

!!This [=RPG=] provides examples of:
* AmazonBrigade: The Minor House Xanthippe, a matriarchal house known for their mercenaries, and wine.
* ApocalypseHow: The stars themselves are getting dim (hence the title) for reasons unknown. Also, a taste of AfterTheEnd since the fall of Second Republic.
* BlackAndGrayMorality: With emphasis on the gray; black morality is pretty much limited to the Antinomists, and others who are completely inimical to humanity. The Church, nobility and guilds are all gray, being both the pillars of society and full of corruption and wickedness. That said, the overall mood of the game offers a hope for improvement.
* BlueBlood: Both [[RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething nice]] and [[AristocratsAreEvil nasty]].
* BugWar: The Symbionts. Though they're as much plants and MixAndMatchCritters as they are bugs. The actual bug race, while alien and hostile, isn't really interested in waging an all-out war (not to mention they're a tribal society confined to a single planet).
** Subverted come Lifeweb, where it's revealed that [[spoiler:Symbionts are TranshumanAliens who actually have a complex and full society of their own, and [[BlueAndOrangeMorality don't get why humans reject being reshaped]].]]
* BurnTheWitch: We've got the Church, we've got feudalism, so don't say you didn't see the Inquisition coming... But this time they come with their own flamethrowers.
* CasualInterstellarTravel: In the form of [[PortalNetwork the Stargates]]. Though still too expensive for the planet-bound serfs who make up 80% of the population.
* TheChurch: Fading Suns is the kind of FeudalFuture which comes with Medieval-style religiosity, so a multitude of Church tropes is quite welcome. The Church divides into several sects:
** Urth Orthodoxy is your typical ChristianityIsCatholic InSPACE, forming most of the Church hierarchy in [[SaintlyChurch both]] [[CorruptChurch forms]] and supplying {{Sinister Minister}}s and {{Good Shepherd}}s to the masses internally and [[TheMissionary abroad]];
** The Brothers Battle are WarriorMonk future incarnate of UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar, down to the banking and rumours of heresy;
** Eskatonics are an eccentric bunch of [[ReligionIsMagic mystics and wizards]], known among the common folk as weird {{doomsayer}}s, and in Church circles, as having an irritating tendency to delve into [[TheHeretic heterodox views]];
** The Avestites are a [[TheFundamentalist rather fanatical sect]] which treats the concept of "burning away sins" quite ''[[KillItWithFire literally]]''. And ''[[WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer liberally]]'', too;
** The Amaltheans are {{Martial Pacifist}}s and {{Good Shepherd}}s to the last one, bringing [[TheMedic free healthcare]] to the masses. Well, as long as you don't mind the preaching and occasional penances.
** When something still doesn't fit, you may be looking at one of the minor monastic communities, [[TheHeretic heretics]], or various pagan faiths.
** In keeping with the late-Medieval setting, there is also a schismatic sect of Space Protestants, the Incarnates, who encourage "heretical" views such as the idea that everyone shares a spark of the Pancreator's Holy Flame (rather than merely reflecting its light) and that laity should engage in personal study of the Omega Gospels, rather than merely being taught by the priests.
* ChurchMilitant: The Church has its own army, plus the Inquisition, plus the ability to quickly whip up a TorchesAndPitchforks-wielding angry mob.
* ClarkesThirdLaw: [[InvokedTrope Invoked]] in a description of Really High Tech. The difference between science and supernaturalism goes completely out the window when dealing with jumpgates, Philosopher's Stones and other Ur-tech.
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: A bad image is more common with the freemen than with the two other classes; the Guildsmen are perceived as motivated by greed, while the others have their fig leaves of piety or honor.
* TheCorruption: Subverted with the Sathra effect, the epiphany-like experience that unshielded minds exposed to hyperspace feel -- it's addictive, it provokes the development of psionics, and it tends to turn people into peaceable folks who just want the best for the universe, [[BewareTheNiceOnes though you really shouldn't push them]]. Really, a Sathraist that's a danger is just a bad person, not corrupted by exposure to infinity. They will try and trick people they like into being exposed as a form of EasyEvangelism however.
* CrystalDragonJesus: The Church of the Celestial Sun, though it is better described as an evolved and amalgamated form of organised religions of today... It even has Jesus as a saint.
* CultureChopSuey: The original intention was to create noble families that might have ''once'' been Russian (Decados) or Hispanic (Hazat) etc, but four of the five Royal Houses are ''at least'' 2,500 years old. The youngest are The Hazat (never House Hazat), who have a mere 1,000 years under their belt. This results in the Li Halan being about as 'Chinese & Japanese' as British people are Roman. Since around the 26th Century the number of noble Houses declined from over 70 to around 15, usually due to their absorption by larger Houses (or their conquest, then absorption). The Royal Houses in the 51st Century are a patchwork of ethnicities, usually only linked by the House name. Even the name 'Li Halan' suggests a fusion of separate ethnicities (Oriental with Caucasian) over two and a half millennia prior. Much of the same principle works for non-nobles, too.
* CyberneticsEatYourSoul: This is the official stance of the Church. It isn't generally accurate, but cyberpsychosis does indeed occasionally occur.
* TheCycleOfEmpires: Two corporatocratic Republics have fallen, a feudal empire is rising from the long night.
* TheDarkSide: Psis and theurges who don't adhere to proper codes of conduct suffer from TheCorruption; [[EnemyWithin Urge]] for psis and [[{{Pride}} Hubris]] for theurges. This is played with, however, as both Urge and Hubris are judged by relativistic standards rather than absolute morality. Urge is caused by violating the norms of your society, and Hubris is caused by violating the beliefs of your religious sect, irrespective of whether a factual sin (which do exist, and can be measured) was committed.
** Also Antinomy, the dark magic of [[TheLegionsOfHell demonic]] magic and pacting. There's a lot of really, really powerful crap they're capable of, but it also comes with Fealty, a measure of how much you owe to your demonic patrons. It can only go down through KickTheDog acts, and the more you have, you become more obvious and slowly lose your ability to control your own actions as you become an avatar of [[{{Hell}} the Qlippoth]].
* DeadlyDecadentCourt: In particular, House Decados has scheming as favorite pastime, also obviously the Imperial Court.
* DeflectorShields: Somewhat Dune-like. You can slip your blade "under" the activating force threshold (as in Dune), or try to overwhelm it with raw strength. One notable difference from Dune is that energy weapons won't cause any [[MutualKill mutually destructive]] reactions with shields, though plasma and fire damage has a small chance of leaking through a shield.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' and ''Literature/BookOfTheNewSun''. However, it's like [[TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Warhammer Fantasy]] and its relation to Creator/JRRTolkien and Renaissance Europe - at first glance it's almost a ripoff, but when you begin to explore it, you discover it is quite worthy of interest on its own.
** On another level, the backstory occasionally sneaks in jokes alluding to RealLife. For example, a popular genre of fiction in the later years of the Second Republic was the BuddyCopShow involving a pairing of a human and an Ukar; the description rather clearly spoofed {{Blaxploitation}}, the preference for a WhiteMaleLead, and several other modern-day media tropes.
* EldritchAbomination: The Void Krakens, natch. They dwell in the darkness between stars, making [[HyperspaceIsAScaryPlace hyperspace the less scary (and lethal) alternative to interstellar travel]] in the setting.
* TheEmpire: Of the rather benevolent kind. Resembles something not unlike the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire, if the latter ever achieved a well-bearing for the future degree of unification.
** TheEmperor is (or, at worst, is very convincing as) a [[TheGoodKing noble, square-jawed guy who does a lot pretty much to restore hope, ensure peace and stability et cetera]].
* FantasyCounterpartCulture: Although it's more nuanced than it might seem at first glance (see under CultureChopSuey for a more verbose explanation), each of the noble houses is generally patterned after a recognizable pre-Diasporan culture, and has a certain feel:
** House Hawkwood are Anglo-Germanic/Scandinavian/Celtic, with [[{{Eagleland}} an upbeat]], [[TheAce anything-you-do-a-Hawkwood-can-do-better]], [[ComesGreatResponsibility noblesse oblige]] attitude (in short, [[Franchise/{{Dune}} Atreides]] {{Expy}});
** Hazat are Hispanic with [[TorosYFlamenco roots in our Latin America]] with appropriate [[HotBlooded machoistic]], [[HonorBeforeReason honour-obsessed]] culture;
** Decados are [[UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia Russians]] with [[CardCarryingVillain a backstabby mentality]] quite out of [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder Renaissance Italy]], [[EvilFeelsGood and they like it]] (the [[Franchise/{{Dune}} House Harkonnen]] {{Expy}});
** Li Halan is a mix of [[FarEast Chinese and Japanese]] with an added twist of [[HolierThanThou being fervently religious]] after a [[DefectorFromDecadence great reformer]] turned them from their [[ReligionOfEvil sorcerous and pagan]] ways;
** Al-Malik are [[ArabianNightsDays sophisticated Arabic/Semitic types]] with occasional dashes of Hindu, who are fond of [[WarriorPoet philosophy]] and [[BazaarOfTheBizarre trade]] and speaking in {{Ice Cream Koan}}s (also [[BourgeoisBohemian limousine liberal]] SpaceJews);
** Apart from the minor houses (of whom some have a distinct cultural feel, while others are too insignificant) there are also Vuldroks (the Space Vikings), Kurgans (the Space Caliphate, another kind of Space Arabs mixed with Mongol elements), and Zuranists (a kind of Space Gypsies and SpaceJews mix). Alien races are usually [[OurElvesAreBetter Space Elves]] and/or {{Noble Savage}}s, with the stagnant and bureaucratic but highly advanced Vau resembling Imperial China to an extent.
* TheFederation: The old (Second, the First barely existed except as an instrument of MegaCorp influence) Republic.
* FeudalFuture
* GameplayAndStorySegregation: In ''Emperor of the Fading Suns'' the Vau don't get a turn because they are non-expansionist, which makes their worlds easy to conquer. First contact was the annihilation of a human colony that had just started to encroach on one of the Vau's client races.
** Interestingly, it's implied in ''War in the Heavens: Hegemony'' that the worlds in question did "change hands" a few times, but Humanity remained in its designated areas out of fear for provoking a war with the Vau. The Vau, for their part, see no reason to raise a fuss if it doesn't bother the Hegemony's citizens and patron races.
* GrimUpNorth: Well, is there any other reason for the Vuldrok planets to be placed "above" the Empire on the star chart? Funnily enough, Vuldrok culture was engineered during the fall of the Second Republic, so it might have even been [[InvokedTrope invoked]].
* HiveMind: Symbionts have one. [[spoiler:As well as their own individual minds, unless the Symbiont in question is a [[{{Mook}} drone]].]]
* HiveQueen: Shapers, Symbionts who have mastered their race's ability to resculpt other lifeforms, [[TheVirus often into new Symbionts]]. [[spoiler:They are also needed for reproduction, as the child of a Symbiont is a normal human who isn't a part of the HiveMind.]]
* HumansAreTheRealMonsters: There are many alien races, but usually restricted to reserves. Guess why. On the other hand, at least one alien race, the Ukar, could have been [[AliensAreBastards just as nice]] if they won.
* HyperspaceIsAScaryPlace: An inversion: hyperspace (what is between the Stargates) actually is the ''safe'' way. It's the interstellar space (beyond Kuiper's Belt) which is filled with shapeless Cthulhoid monstrosities going by the lovely name of [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Void]] [[SpaceIsAnOcean Kraken]]. Still, spaceships jumping through hyperspace need to be protected by special shields, because otherwise people experience a strongly addictive quasi-religious epiphany, known as the Sathra effect.
** Unfortunately played very literally by most, including characters within the setting - going all the way down to: 'This is the lovely, Pancreator-blessed space all the way up to the Jumpgate, and that is the nasty, demon filled space starting just behind it.' Some systems have Pluto-style planets with orbits that oscillate beyond that of the Jumpgate, which is apparently enough to make them demon-haunted places that people seldom return from.
* ImportedAlienPhlebotinum: The Jumpgates, not to mention how a lot of crucial technologies (anti-gravity, for example) are [[BlackBox reverse-engineered]] versions of Vau tech.
* InsaneTrollLogic: At one trial for an accused murderer, the prosecutor managed to take ''every piece of evidence'' that the accused was in fact innocent and explain it as proof of the defendant's infernal powers. The murder victim was shot with a six-shot revolver that the accused had never seen before, the ''seven'' shots that had been fired into the victim were of different types shot from different directions, and the accused's family had sworn that he was eating dinner with them when the murder happened. Clearly, therefore, demons had given him the power to be in two places at once, multiply and teleport bullets, and use a firearm, only to withdraw all that power once the deed had been done.
* InterfaithSmoothie: The Church has a general ChristianityIsCatholic feel on the surface, but was [[{{UsefulNotes/Islam}} set up by a prophet]], the biggest sect is called [[UsefulNotes/OrthodoxChristianity the Orthodoxy]], the main philosophical factions are called [[{{UsefulNotes/Buddhism}} the Hinayana and the Mahayana]], and there are plenty of minor sects and factions that are all over the place.
* LostTechnology: Plenty of this, due to the fall of the Republic. There is a major guild making quite a profit by digging it up. The Ur artifacts may also count (particularly to [[FishPeople Oro'ym]] who appear to have been once a star-faring species), but given [[ClarkesThirdLaw how they work]], it's probably closer to Lost Magical Artifacts than to Lost Technology.
* MagicOrPsychic: ''Fading Suns'' has both Psychics and Theurgists. Theurgists are priests of the Urth Orthodox Church who believe that they're channeling the divine power of the Pancreator, while Psychics are considered witches by the Church and forced to serve "penance" if not burned at the stake. Though it's not clear where either gets their power.
** It's also notable that Gjarti, an animistic religion common to "barbarians", also has priests with theurgic abilities.
* MegaCorp: The Guilds (at least the biggest ones) are descendants of such and may share some traits.
* [[MedievalStasis Neo-Medieval Stasis]]: [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] by the Church declaring [[ScienceIsBad tech evil]] for everyone except the rich, the noble and the ordained, and everyone else being in a state of shock after the fall of the Republic. The game is set in a period when the stasis is ending.
* MohsScaleOfSciFiHardness: The system tries to act tough once in a while, but is a big softie.
* NiceToTheWaiter: Most of the Noble Houses hold some form of this as an ideal, but what that means varies between Houses and individuals within the House.
* NoTranshumanismAllowed: Played in many ways. In general, played straight. [[SubvertedTrope Subverted]] by the not so uncommon use of cybernetics. [[EnforcedTrope Enforced]] by the Church. [[DefiedTrope Defied]] by the cyberevolutionary movement.
** The Second Republic performed several experiments with genetic engineering, and their descendants are generally considered abominations by the Church (except the Amaltheans).
* OrderReborn: The Favyana are a tradition descended from the Phavian Institute of the Second Republic and dedicated to much the same ideals, but the original Institute had disintegrated centuries before the modern group was established. Most people in the know think that the link between the modern group and the Institute is tenuous at best, and the Favyana are just claiming a model and a legacy.
* OurDemonsAreDifferent: They're inspired by the Kabbalah Qlippoth, for one, and they need to [[DemonicPossession possess]] people in order to remain in this universe.
* OurElvesAreBetter: Ur-Obun and ur-Ukar are pretty much space elves and space dark elves.
** It's actually far closer to the Vulcan/Romulan relationship than simply something in space.
* {{Pacifist}}: The vast majority of Amaltheans follow the old rule of pacifism, despite one Dark Ages Archbishop who abolished it as a rule. What form this pacifism takes depends on the Amalthean; some are [[ActualPacifist Actual Pacifists]] who would never raise a weapon in their own defense, while others are [[MartialPacifist as willing to defend the weak as to heal them]].
* PointBuildSystem: Yay for making your character miss a leg to get that lovely monofilament sword. A d20 version also exists, but the players tend to be... more enthusiastic for the original VPS system.
* PoopingFood: An alien creature called the "Scrup monkey" produces feces that are edible to humans. House Decados often bakes it into "fudge" as one of their least harmful practical jokes.
* PortalNetwork: Stargates again.
* {{Precursors}}: And occasional AncientAstronauts, responsible for the Jumpgate network.
* PsychicPowers: There are two kinds of it: one is [[ReligionIsMagic ritualistic religious magic]], the other is your common choking people [[Franchise/StarWars Vader-style]] or reading minds.
** It is heavily hinted that Theurgy (religious 'magic') and Psychic powers are simply two different applications of the same thing. Both are invoked using the same 'inner battery' and have incremental level-based powers. Even the Vuldrok and Kurgan versions are simply applications of awoken human abilities applied in different ways.
** PsychoactivePowers: [[GameplayAndStoryIntegration In terms of game mechanics]], activating psychic powers needs a test of an appropriate Spirit characteristic plus appropriate skill. In-game, it means an introvert, calm person won't go ShockAndAwe unless he can make up for the lack of spirit with proper training, while [[PsychoElectro a passionate extrovert]] will have it come naturally.
* SaintlyChurch: While most sects of the Church are much less black-and-white, Sanctuary Aeon is consistently portrayed as a beacon of [[MartialPacifist pacifism]], [[TheMedic healing]], and innovation founded by an AllLovingHeroine, and generally represents the best of the Church.
* ScaryDogmaticAliens: The Vau. Guys who could smash humanity with marginally more effort than is needed to swat a fly, but don't feel like it, because their dogmatism is all about strict isolationism and rigid social order. So, pretty much InscrutableOriental In Space. Their ruling caste is even nicknamed the Mandarins.
** Lifeweb reveals that [[spoiler:Symbionts were once Scary Dogmatic ''Humans'', though they've transformed a lot of the flora and fauna of their worlds into sapient Symbionts too.]]
* ScienceFantasy: In general, the vast majority of the game is theoretically sci-fi, but it's portrayed with fantasy trappings. Psis aren't just trained minds, they're sorcerers; the family's ancestral sword is a wireblade; cyborgs have replaced part of their body with occult magic, and the sacred jumpgates represent the light of the Pancreator. Then you get into theurgy, Antinomy and other occult factors that are straight-up magic... but even then, there's some hints that they're just another expression of humanity's potential. In short, Fading Suns is as fantasy as you want it to be.
* ScienceIsBad: A part of the Church's teachings. Of course, important people exercise "extreme penance" and can thus operate high technology so that the lesser folk "don't have" to "endanger" their souls. [[SubvertedTrope It's also largely an understandable mistake on the Church's part]].
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveConnections:
** The most blatant example is the concept of "extreme penance." Clergy, nobles, and guildsmen are exempt from the Church's rules forbidding technology; it's just the serfs who need to live in the Middle Ages, because the elite take on the damnation caused by technology so they don't have to.
** The Church tries to ban psychic powers from everyone except Penitents, but the nobility's response to that rule has been a giant middle finger. Each House has a sect of Dervishes, or psychic warriors, in their services; the Hazat Dervishes are the most famous and numerous, and the ones who give the name to the entire concept. The Church wisely doesn't press the issue.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: The book's section on Passion Play Roleplaying provides rules for setting the tone wherever the GM likes, including games where the Triumph of Good or the Triumph of Evil is the [[YouCantFightFate foreordained theme]] of the game. In general, the work itself leans toward AWorldHalfFull.
* SoulsavingCrusader: Played straight sometimes, subverted at other times. The "extreme penance" required of psychics ''does'' work and ''is'' helpful to reduce [[TheDarkSide Urge]], and some psychics and theurges can literally see people's sins and know the means to correct them. On the other hand, the Church doesn't always get it right; for example, the [[{{God}} Pancreator]] does ''not'' agree that Invention is a sin, and CyberneticsEatYourSoul is more or less incorrect.
** That is of course assuming the Pancreator is as humans believe 'him' to be. The religious angle is a very subtle dig at how mythologies erupt around people.
** The Church's reasoning is beginning to fall apart because they preached that the Fading Suns (which began a thousand years earlier, but had happened in earlier times) were being caused by humanity's technological hubris (that science and technology were the source of the sin that was letting the demons fade the suns). Unfortunately a ''thousand'' years of penance has resulted in exactly nothing changing.
* SpaceIsAnOcean: The starships are very expensive to produce and repair so it's in nobody's interest to blow them to smithereens during battle: this means that after a few shots to disable the enemy's main weapons, the ship is boarded by marines who, using bladed weapons, make their way to the bridge (get the Charioteer) and the drive section (get the Engineer) and generally try to take over the ship with as minimal damage to the ship as possible. Also, the weapons are very short range (for distances in space) and thus any exchange of fire happens at distances of kilometers or less. According to WordOfGod, Fading Suns spacefaring is supposed to emulate the age of sail.
* SpaceOpera
* TheStarsAreGoingOut: [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin As in the title]], for reasons unknown. [[spoiler:According to one legend that may or may not be true, inverted. A star supposedly blazed to new life at the moment Alexius Hawkwood took the throne.]]
* SwordFight: The nobility likes to solve their issues by duelling, thus sword fights abound.
** Most of the nobility does that with [[RoyalRapier rapiers]]. House Hazat prefers larger, heavier swords, which could be read as anything from a longsword to [[{{BFS}} a two-handed claymore]]. The more rustic among Hawkwood can sometimes be seen with swords and shields.
** {{Vibro Weapon}}s penetrate energy shields more easily than normal blades.
** RazorFloss: swords [[SharpenedToASingleAtom of monofilament]] (wireblades) are often prized {{Ancestral Weapon}}s.
** LaserBlade: Flux Swords and Mist Swords.
* UsedFuture: The areas with higher tech levels tend to be full of slums, {{Back Alley Doctor}}s offering used cybernetics, rust and dirt, while the high-tech stuff itself (like starships) tends to be centuries old and dilapidated.
* VowOfCelibacy: The Church's rules on celibacy depend on sect and discipline. The Urth Orthodoxy, for example, has one discipline (red priests) who are celibate and ascetic, and another (white priests) who aren't; most parish priests, for example, are married. Avestites are strictly celibate and expected to flagellate themselves over the slightest sexual feeling. The Eskatonic Order, by contrast, mandates celibacy but says nothing about ''chastity'', and many Eskatonics [[ReallyGetsAround really get around]].
* WellIntentionedExtremist: All over the place, but the prize goes to [[spoiler:the entire Symbiont species, who were originally a group of radical environmentalists reshaped by a bizarre species of bug that lives in Annunaki ruins. Their ideology has not changed much at all, and in fact they consider themselves the best hope for humanity surviving in any form.]]
* WeirdTradeUnion: The Guilds, formed by skilled labor and remnants of {{Mega Corp}}s during and after the fall of the Republic for protection both personal and of their interests. The great five are:
** The Charioteers are a coalition of [[DangerDeadpan space pilots]] and [[IntrepidMerchant interstellar traders]], holding a monopoly on jumpkey production, a device necessary to open a jumpgate;
** The Engineers are ([[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin obviously]]) {{The Engineer}}s and [[MadScientist Science Inc.]], but rather than your typical Scotty, they're an eccentric and secretive bunch probably closer to a Masonic lodge than anything;
** The Muster are officially a job intermediary agency (arguably closest to an actual trade union), offering skilled and unskilled workforce in general but known foremostly as PrivateMilitaryContractors and [[HumanResources slavers]];
** The Reeves are [[AmoralAttorney attorneys]] and [[MorallyBankruptBanker bankers]], as respected for their skills and coffers as they are derided for duplicity and greed (although they prefer to wring favours out of their debtors rather than going all-out LoanShark on them);
** The Scravers are TheSyndicate [[RecycledInSPACE IN SPACE!!!]], with their hands in about anything they can get into without stepping on other factions' toes, a knack for [[AdventurerArchaeologist digging up lost tech]] being among their more legal enterprises.
** And it gets even better with the minor guilds. Some of them are tied to a single location, while others offer highly specialized and unusual skills, ranging from AsteroidMiners to professional ghost writers.
* WeWillUseManualLaborInTheFuture: Played straight in the New Dark Ages, notably averted (unfortunately, for millions of jobless people) in the Second Republic era.
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: Everyone is a racist, which is particularly seen given the difference between al-Malik talk about freedom and equality and their treatment of their vassal alien races.
** This is almost entirely the fault of the Church and something called the Doctrine of the Unethical Alien. Despite the fact that there is a minor sect of the Church that was founded by the Prophet's one alien disciple, the Pancreator apparently values human souls that bit more.
* WorldHalfFull: It's full of exploitation, prejudice, dirt and decay and yet on the other hand firmly on the idealist side of SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism.