%% ZeroContextExample entries are not allowed on wiki pages. All such entries have been commented out. Add context to the entries before uncommenting them.
[[caption-width-right:350: (from left) [[ManipulativeBastard Ryan O'Reilly]], [[PoliticallyIncorrectVillain Vern Schillinger]], [[TheAtoner Miguel Alvarez]], [[DisabledSnarker Augustus Hill]], [[NaiveNewcomer Tobias Beecher]] and [[WellIntentionedExtremist Kareem Saïd]]]]

->'''"Oz, that's the name on the street for the Oswald Maximum Security Penitentiary. Oz is retro, Oz is retribution. You wanna punish a man? Separate him from his family, separate him from himself, cage him up with his own kind."''
-->- '''Augustus Hill'''

''Oz'' is a six season long (1997-2003), one hour drama that follows the daily lives of the inmates and staff of the Oswald State Correctional Facility, nicknamed Oz. Inmates are divided between the main prison (Genpop) and "Em City", a unit with more perks for the prisoners at the price of more surveillance.

The main focus of the show is the study of personalities within the prison population, whose out-of-control violence, general anomie, and domination by gangs creates an environment that forces difficult decisions just to survive, much less avoid sexual slavery, drug addiction, or solitary confinement. Characters (who are summarized in the character page) range from former lawyer Tobias Beecher, Aryan leader Verne Schillinger, Iago-figure Ryan O'Reilly, senior citizen Bob Rebadow, veteran criminal Simon Adibisi, and many, many more. Wheelchair bound prisoner-for-life Augustus Hill serves as narrator, intermixing the events of each episode with a more general theme.

The LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters would influence future shows like ''Series/{{Lost}}'' and ''Series/TheWire''. There is constant character turnover due to the fact that AnyoneCanDie, and that anyone can get released. Newly introduced characters can become central to the story immediately, other main characters can fade away, be killed, or be transferred unexpectedly.

Aside from the character study, the struggles of gangs to control the lucrative prison trade in "tits" (drugs) creates much of the dramatic background, with cunning gang "leaders" attempting to leverage both their followers and the prison structure in a never-ending battle for dominance.

The staff of the prison, while treated sympathetically, is shown to be divided and isolated from events in the prison. Idealists such as Em City head Tim [=McManus=], Father Ray Mukada, and Psychologist/Nun Sister Peter-Marie attempt to introduce academic rehabilitation methods, while the more battle hardened Corrections Officers tend to view the prisoners as scum who deserve punishment, leaving the well-meaning yet politically astute Warden Leo Glynn to decide between them. Some successes in reaching inmates are balanced by outright failure, while crackdowns on inmates that get superficial results sometimes lead to much bigger problems just beneath the surface.

When first released, the powerful first 15 minutes (featuring Beecher's entry into prison) forever branded Oz as "the show with prison-rape." However, the show is more complex, attempting to tackle questions of the nature and origin of violence and criminality, but continually refusing to provide any easy answers. Every character on the show is morally ambiguous, with the "good" characters of the show sometimes committing despicable deeds while the "monsters" sometimes act humanely. The show also examined the issue of prisoner's rights and the effectiveness of the American prison system, which the show depicts as inherently corrupt.

[[JustForFun/IThoughtItMeant Not to be confused with]] [[Film/TheWizardOfOz a certain other Oz]]. Or [[Series/TheDoctorOzShow Dr. Oz]]. Or [[UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} The Land Down Under]].

!!This series contains examples of:

* ABNegative : In Season 2, the CO who's attacked is AB Negative...and only [[ManipulativeBastard Ryan]] [[SmugSnake O'Reilly]] can save the day.
* AffablyEvil: Enrique Morales, leader of ''El Norte'' prison gang, [[spoiler:especially the scene when he forces TheOldConvict Rebadow to murder his predecessor, El Cid. "Who'd suspect a nice old man like you?"]]
* AllGaysArePromiscuous: Defied in Richie Hanlon's case, though some of the other inmates do treat him like he's one.
-->'''Hanlon:''' I only suck the cocks I ''wanna'' suck.
* AllOfTheOtherReindeer: There's ''a lot'' of bullying in this show, and many attempts to graciously help those bullies; however, these attempts tend to backfire. For example, Beecher's attempt to reunite Vern with his son, Hank. [[spoiler:Vern ends up getting suspicious and has Hank murder Beecher's son, and Beecher has Hank murdered.]]
* AndThereWasMuchRejoicing: Any act of violence witnessed by the inmates is greeted by cheers and jeers, depending on their sympathy (or lack of) for the one being attacked. Exceptions include:
** When [[spoiler:feared Nigerian gangster Simon Adebisi is killed, the initial reaction is a shocked gasp of disbelief from both inmates and guards, as Adebisi seemed so Bad Ass he couldn't be killed by ''anyone'']].
** The death of [[spoiler:Augustus Hill. Burr Redding is overcome with grief, and most of the prisoners are shocked. [=McManus=] actually breaks down crying. Mainly this is because more so than anyone else in Em city, Hill had become the most philosophical and accepting of the bad things that he had done]].
** The killing of Kenny "Bricks" Wangler, Junior Pierce, Lou Rath, and CO Joseph Howard by timid French inmate Guillaume Tarrant. Mostly because everyone else is terrified because Tarrant went on a shooting spree inside the prison.
** PlayedForLaughs when Mayor Wilson Loewen is killed; there follows a montage of various characters saying in a deadpan voice, "What a shame."
* AnyoneCanDie: this show routinely killed off well-established characters. By the end only [[spoiler: 5]] of the many prisoners that appeared in the pilot are alive and even [[spoiler: Warden Glynn]] has died.
%%* AnythingThatMoves: Scott Ross. Chris Keller.
%%* AssShove: Robspoon.
* AssholeVictim: Everyone by default, though subverted in that you can feel sympathy even for some of them given how horrible their fates are. For example there's Neo-Nazi thug Robson, who goes through a HumiliationConga throughout the show.
* AsTheGoodBookSays:
** Vern Schillinger to Reverend Cloutier, when warning him not to interfere in the affairs of the Aryan Brotherhood.
-->"And I will pour out mine indignation upon thee. I will blow against thee in the fire of my wrath, and deliver thee into the hand of brutish men. And skillful to destroy." Ezekiel 21:31
** Warden Glynn as SmugSnake Timmy Kirk is hauled off to Death Row.
-->"He who comes in vanity, shall depart in darkness. And his name shall be covered in darkness. He will never see the sun." Ecclesiastes 6:4
* AsHimself: Robert Iler (AJ Soprano of ''Series/TheSopranos'') shows up in the season 4 finale as a celebrity contestant on the ShowWithinAShow "Up Your Ante" when [=McManus=] appears on the show.
* AsYouKnow: the sometimes awkward retellings of pertinent plot points as they jump from storyline to storyline
* AteHisGun: [[spoiler:Poor Tarrant....]]
* {{Autocannibalism}}: Unseen until death, solitary inmate McCullum upped the ante by eating ''himself''.
* AxCrazy: Many a inmate is this. Even Beecher after taking a level in badass and some of the guards show these tendencies.
* BackForTheFinale: In most episodes of the final season Augustus receives co-narrators in the form of many of the shows past characters including ones like [[spoiler: Dino Orlanti and Jefferson Keane]] that died way back in season 1. In a more straightforward example, in the finale proper [[spoiler: Jackson Vahue]] makes an appearance after having been PutOnABus back in season 4.
* BatmanGambit: Most of Ryan O'Reilly's ploys. He fails sometimes, but never completely.
* BecomingTheMask:
** An inmate joins the Muslims in order to kill Said, only to convert to Islam for real. [[spoiler:He later dies saving Said's life.]]
** [[spoiler:Chris Keller]] is originally sent to make Tobias like him in order to hurt him emotionally later on but ends up actually falling for him instead and turning on the plot's mastermind [[spoiler:Vern Shillinger]].
%%** Undercover cop Desmond Mobay
* BigDamnKiss : A few throughout the series. Beecher and Keller's kiss in the laundry room in season 2. Keller (again) when ex-wife Bonnie comes to visit. And [[spoiler: Dr. Nathan kissing O'Reilly when she admits her feelings for him]].
* BilingualBonus: Quite a lot, and in Spanish (Alvarez, etc.), Russian (Stanislofsky), Chinese (Kenmin) and probably some more.
* BlackAndGrayMorality: even the most 'innocent' characters- Beecher, Cyril and Rebadow- are killers. With Beecher doing something even worse than that before the end of the series. Although he has a MyGodWhatHaveIDone moment shortly after that and tries to make things right, it's too little, too late.
* BlatantLies: Prisoners to each other, prisoners to guards, guards to prisoners, guards to each other...
* BookEnds: The episodes begin and end and with Augustus Hill narrating on some philosophical topic. This is notably subverted however in the season 5 finale, [[spoiler: where Augustus Hill dies. The final shot of the episode is of his empty chair, symbolizing that the voice of Oz is truly dead.]]
* TheBoxingEpisode: Several episodes in series 3 centre around a boxing tournament organised between the various gangs in Oz. Ryan tries to fix the fights so his brother Cyril wins.
* BreakTheCutie: Several characters apply but Beecher...Hoo boy Beecher... And Dr. Nathan, who is [[spoiler: raped and her husband murdered, because O'Reilly has a crush.]].
* ButtMonkey:
%%** Tobias Beecher and Peter Schibetta
** The Christians are always portrayed as weak, as they are the only gang who accepts sex offenders, the bottom rung of prison hierarchy.
** Omar White. He is genuinely trying to improve his behaviour, but being somewhat naive and hyperactive at the same time he gets into trouble constantly.
** Supreme Allah tends to fall victim to just about any framing attempt.
* CardCarryingVillain: Most of the inmates don't care about how they're labeled, or are too deluded or in denial to see their actions as wrong. Timmy Kirk, however, is the exception to that rule. When Kirk is put on Death Row for his attempted murder of Father Mukada, he boasts that [[TemptingFate he can't die]] because he's either Satan's spawn or the devil himself.
%%* CastHerd
* CelebrityParadox: A particularly bizarre one. In the season 4 finale, [=McManus=] appears on the ShowWithinAShow "Up Your Ante" (modeled somewhat after ''$1,000 Pyramid'') the celebrity contestant is Robert Iler who plays A.J. on ''The Sopranos'' (which was also running on [=HBO=] at the time), good thing [=McManus=] doesn't watch the show or else he'd wonder why Diane was on the show pretending to be an actress named Edie Falco.
* CrazyJealousGuy: Keller's obsession with Beecher which leads him to kill Beechers prison lovers and [[spoiler: and sets him up to be sent back to prison after he gets a girlfriend on the outside]] the equally obsessive Ryan O'Reilly over Gloria Nathan leading him to have her husband killed, the character Li Chen was doing time for the attempted murder of his girlfriend and the man he saw her kissing and Enrique Moralis' abusive brother in law towards his sister.
* ChronicBackstabbingDisorder: This is one of Ryan O'Reily's specialties. Played with in series 4 with his rivalry with Stanislofsky. One episodes plot sees the two approach various different groups and attempt to get them to kill the other, all while maintaining a very visible friendship.
* ConvenientlyCellmates: Ryan and Cyril O'Reily, although the lengths Ryan had to go through to arrange this diminishes the 'convenient' aspect.
* ConvenientMiscarriage : [[spoiler: Shirley Bellinger's sentence is commuted to life in prison when she turns up pregnant, then changed back to the death penalty when she miscarries]].
* [[CycleofRevenge Cycle of Revenge]]: One runs between Schillinger and Beecher for the whole show. {{Lampshaded}} by Said to Beecher: "You killed Schillinger's son, he killed yours, now you're going to kill his other son. When does it end?" Beecher replies it will end when Schillinger is dead. [[spoiler: It does in fact end in the series finale, when Beecher kills Schillinger and Keller kills the rest of the Ayrans]].
* DeathRow: Killing another prisoner or a CO generally puts an inmate on death row, which is located in a small wing of Oz, and the characters there are generally used as a "B-plot" in Seasons 2 and later, with different inmates appearing until their execution.
* DeconstructedTrope: Kareem Said, mostly in Seasons 1 and 2, is a deconstruction of the social leader archetype prevalent in the 1990s, particularly after the L.A. Riots. He is a brilliant and wise man who fights for a noble cause (equality in the justice system). His arguments that the judicial system and society are not fair to minorities are not without cause, but he is completely unwilling to take responsibility for his actions, such as the deaths caused in the riot, and he frequently comes off as petty and vindictive to those outside his group. He polarizes race relations into a two-sided issue and often appears oblivious to the fact that every prisoner in Oz is guilty.
* DepravedBisexual: Chris Keller, both a serial divorcée and a serial killer of gay men.
* {{Determinator}}: Hernandez to Alvarez. Hernandez's pure hatred of Alvarez (which he finally admits has no logical basis) and constant pressure on his fellow Latinos to kill Alavarez causes the group's initial admiration for "El Cid" to eventually degrade into annoyance, and makes him an easy target for Morales.
* DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale: Averted. Claire Howell going after the reluctant inmates is disturbing. Not quite as disturbing as the male on male rapes, though.
* DoubleStandardRapeMaleOnMale: Averted. Not a single rape scene is ever played off or received as "funny".
* DrivenToSuicide:
** Beecher's wife [[spoiler:Or was it?]]
** Although he made it look like [[spoiler:Beecher]] killed him, [[spoiler:Keller]]'s dive at the end may have been as well.
** Poor [[spoiler:Guillaume Tarrant]] blows his brains out on his second or third day in prison.
* DysfunctionJunction: It's a show about a prison. But interestingly, the staff aren't above this trope.
* ElectrifiedBathtub: Prison guard Claire Howell murders inmate Nikolai Stanislofsky this way, after first giving him some hand relief.
* EnemyMine: Happens all the time as the different factions struggle for power or revenge, forming temporary alliances to gain the advantage over their enemy of the moment. Lampshaded by Galson, a convicted Marine colonel.
-->''Galson'': The land-mines in Oz are even less visible. Friends turn on friends, enemies buddy up.
* EroticDream: At one point Sister Peter Marie starts having erotic dreams of inmate [[ManipulativeBastard Chris Keller]]. She realizes soon enough that he's been messing with her head to help him get closer to Tobias Beecher again.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: A major theme of the show. Special mention must go to Malcolm Coyle. He boasts that he slaughtered a family for fun, prompting Hill to turn him in. Kareem Said [[EnemyMine enlists the help of the Latinos, Italians, and Aryans to protect Hill]] by reminding the leaders that they are family men, and Coyle is despicable even by their standards. Schillinger especially agrees once he learns the family had a war Veteran in it.
* EyeScream: Alvarez gouging out the eyes of a prison guard. Or Schillinger getting some glass shards thrown onto his eye courtesy of drugged up Beecher.
* FailureIsTheOnlyOption: [=McManus=] and Said in their attempts to reform the inmates -- every time it looks like they've succeeded, circumstances or the inmates' own internal demons make it all for naught.
* FakeGuestStar: All over the place given that most seasons only had 8 episodes so nearly every body feels like a series regular. Perhaps the most notable examples are Creator/BDWong (Father Ray), muMs da Schemer (Poet), Lauren Velez (Dr. Gloria) and George Morfogen who were apart of the series from the pilot episode and appeared in nearly every episode through to the finale.
* {{Fanservice}}: Many of the cast members are quite muscular and spend periods of time in undress.
* TheFarmerAndTheViper: Many, ''many'' times, attempts at genuine kindness and altruism backfire horribly on the person offering. Examples include:
** Dr. Nathan's kindness to O'Reily during his cancer treatments ends with [[spoiler:him murdering her husband]].
** Poet repaying Kareem Said's efforts to secure his release by not only blowing it and getting sent back to jail, but later [[spoiler:publicly humiliating Said over the latter's relationship with a white woman]].
** Schillinger repaying Beecher's attempt to broker peace by [[spoiler:murdering Beecher's young son]].
** Beecher trying to protect Schillinger's prags from being raped results in [[spoiler:one of them murdering Beecher's father to get a RankUp in the Aryan Brotherhood.]]
* FateWorseThanDeath: Getting sent to solitary is this for [[spoiler:Miguel Alvarez]] at the end of Season 2.
* FingerInTheMail:
** African-American inmate Johnny Post kills Italian inmate Dino Ortolani on the orders of Homeboys leader Jefferson Keane. In retaliation, the Italians dismember Post and send Keane his penis in a box.
** And then of course there's the actual fingers in the mail, previously attached to [[spoiler:Beecher's kidnapped son]].
* FlatWhat: Robson in response to Cutler telling him to bend over. It makes sense (and a lot more pain) in context.
* TheFreelanceShameSquad: Any time a brawl or other drama breaks out, expect the other prisoners to stop what they're doing and whoop and jeer at the person on the losing end. This can actually be quite funny when it happens to prisoners who [[AssholeVictim really deserve it]].
* FreudianExcuse:
** The O'Reilys had an abusive father and a mother who died while they were young.
** James Robson was both physically and sexually abused by his father.
* FullFrontalAssault: Some instances during the shower scenes.
* GallowsHumor: An awful lot of it. No matter how brutal or horrific a situation, someone is going to make a joke about it.
-->'''Warden Glynn:''' The M.E. has ruled [=McCullum=]'s death as suicide. He bit into his skin, chewing off chunks of muscle over the course of a week or so, causing himself to bleed out.\\
'''Sister Pete:''' Sweet Jesus!\\
'''Officer Murphy:''' Like a cannibal!\\
'''Tim [=McManus=]:''' A cannibal eats somebody else's flesh.\\
'''Murphy:''' So what do you call a guy who eats his own flesh?\\
'''Tim [=McManus=]:''' Inventive.
* GoodbyeCruelWorld: After Beecher's wife on the outside commits suicide and leaves her body behind for their little children to find, he receives a letter that she sent in advance in which she spitefully blames him for her death.
* GreatEscape: Agamemnon Busmalis, three unsuccessful attempts to dig out from prison to freedom. Got out once, but got caught.
* GroinAttack:
** The Season 2 premiere is aptly named "The Tip". When Beecher is sexually assaulted by one of his new cellmate after transfer to Gen Pop, he bites the tip of the man's penis off.
** Johnny Post gets his penis cut off and mailed back to his gang.
** In a hilarious and far less gruesome example, Beecher kicks Schillinger in the balls before beating him with a dumbbell and shitting on his face.
** Tiny, old, crazy Giles surprises Alvarez (who was harassing him after being stabbed two years prior) by delivering a well placed kick and punching him in the face.
* HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook: Tobias Beecher, imprisoned for vehicular homicide, [[spoiler:is a murderer several times over by the end of the series]].
* HandsomeLech: [=McManus=]. Though this backfires on him when [[PsychoExGirlfriend Claire Howell]] arrives on the scene.
* HeelFaceRevolvingDoor: Keller spends an awful lot of the series spinning around in here.
* HollywoodToneDeaf: In and effort to stay clean, Omar White takes up singing. Every prisoner seems to think he's the worst singer in OZ. It should be noted that his actor Michael Wright played Eddie King Jr. in the film The Five Heart Beats, who was looseley based off of singer David Ruffin. The point is, Michael Wright can sing.
* IdiotBall:
** Governor Devlin: Despite OZ experiencing a riot, the above average murder rate, two inmates escaping, two different incidents involving an inmate having a gun, and a freaking bomb scare not to mention a gas explosion that followed, Devlin seems completely content with sending numerous high profile criminals such as Kareem Said, Jackson Vahue, and even his close friend Mayor Wilson Loewen to OZ (though in this case you could argue he set Loewen up deliberately). Another case would be allowing a TV crew to film a documentary on prison life in OZ when there are other prisons without a history of clusterfucks. It ends with the [[spoiler:Host getting the crap beat out of him]]. And finally, amidst tension and in the wake of several murders, two separate times Devlin has ordered Glynn to end an essential lockdown so he can save face and portray a sense of control to the public. Though that last one is probably more of him not caring than being stupid. The only way to justify much of it is to claim that he deliberately wants people to think of prison as brutal, to exemplify his "tough on crime" stance.
** Leo Glynn: Though most of the time his hands are tied by above mentioned Devlin, Leo has allowed many programs and trial to take place in OZ and they almost always end badly. Magazine Photo-shoot, [[spoiler:inmate gets electrocuted]], printing press, fire, production of [[spoiler:Macbeth, inmate is killed on stage in front of everyone]].
** Both [=McManus=] and Glynn have a habit of putting their faith in prisoners when they're obviously up to something, while any genuine plea for protection, help or justice is usually met with a "Now, why would I trust you? The answer is NO."
** The correction officers. If they were good at their jobs and stopped a good portion of the shenanigans going on in Emerald City, there wouldn't be much of a show. Some of them are shown to be outright corrupt, however.
** Robert Sippel: After serving time for molesting a fourteen year old boy, Sippel cannot find a place to stay, let alone a job. He convinces Sister Pete to let him sleep in his old cell, and not in protective custody. He only lasts hours before [[spoiler:CO Metzger brings him into the gym so the Aryans can crucify him.]]
** [=McManus=] deserves special mention with Lemuel Idzik. When Idzik [[spoiler:killed Kareem Said]], [=McManus=] knew that Omar White (having kicked his addiction to heroin thanks to Said) intended to seek vengeance. In true [=McManus=] fashion, his ideals overshadowed common sense when he made the two cellmates. Omar didn't kill Idzik however, [[spoiler:Idzik killed Omar]].
** Adebisi gives Said a tape of all of his misdeeds as an act of good faith, despite apparently knowing that Said wants to bring him down. Adebisi is genuinely surprised and enraged when the inevitable occurs.
* IfIHadANickel: "If I had a nickel for every time I didn't understand, you'd be talking to an empty chair."
%%* ImAHumanitarian: Donald Groves
* IncompatibleOrientation: When Richie Hanlon (gay) joins Shirley Bellinger (straight) in the Death Row block, Bellinger offers to show her vagina if Hanlon shows her his penis. He points out that he's gay, but obliges anyway when she says she doesn't care either way.
-->'''Bellinger:''' [[BiggerIsBetterInBed You must have made some guy really happy]].
* InterplayOfSexAndViolence:
** There's the Keller/Beecher relationship, conjugal visits in the first season, and transvestites strutting their stuff. Not to mention all the sexual slavery that goes on.
** Jefferson Keane's execution also counts, what with the actual execution part interlaced with scenes of [=McManus=] and Wittlesey getting it on in the prison.
* {{Jerkass}}: Many of the guards, especially Lopresti.
%%* IronicEcho: "Sieg Heil baby. Sieg-fuckin-Heil."
* IsThatAThreat: Martin Querns, the new unit manager of Emerald City, uses the "Are you threatening me?" version in a mocking tone towards the leader of the Muslim prisoners to emphasize how unimpressed he is by the toothless display.
* ItIsPronouncedTroPAY: Vern keeps on correcting people's pronunciation of his name, and everybody who isn't his friend ignores him and keeps pronouncing it the wrong way. (Because let's face it, if you knew a bully/Nazi/homophobe/rapist like him, wouldn't you enjoy irritating the living fuck out of him if you could get away with it?) [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-OAi7Tz718 Witness his reactions, particularly the one at the very end of the video.]]
* KarmaHoudini: Ryan O'Reily commits numerous heinous acts and in the end faces minimal punishment for his crimes, mainly because he's able to manipulate others to do the dirty work for him; and then arrange their deaths as well.
%%* KissOfDeath: Chucky Pancamo to Peter Schibetta.
* LaserGuidedKarma: After six years of monstrous and sadistic acts, Schillinger looks like he is about to end the series unscathed. He is even about to kill old enemy Beecher during a play. Then he realizes that Keller switched it so Beecher has the real knife. Particularly nice in that he realized he had been duped just before dying. The prison audience rejoiced.
* LastMinuteReprieve: Part of Bob Rebadow's backstory; a power failure saved him from the electric chair. [[spoiler:Cyril in Season 6. But it's only temporary...]]
* LeftHanging: Quite a few storylines are left unresolved, most pressingly: [[spoiler: whether Beecher will get charged with Keller's death, how Ryan and Gloria will move forward with their relationship, if the Governor will remain in office, whether or not [=McManus=] gets fired.]]
%%* LemonyNarrator: Augustus Hill.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: During any given season, there's at least twenty recurring characters that are playing a pivotal role in at least one arc. If you got a line somewhere in the first two seasons, chances are you got a name, multiple character arcs, and a tragic death scene by the end of the show. With AnyoneCanDie being strongly in effect (with at least one or two notable character deaths per episode) there was pretty huge cast turnover so collectively, there was well over 200 named characters [[spoiler: and over half of them died over the course of the series.]]
%%* LockDown
* LongerThanLifeSentence: Several characters serve such sentences.
** Chris Keller is sentenced to 88 years with parole accessible in 50 [[spoiler:before getting an overturned eventually death sentence.]]
** Subverted with Omar White: while he is sentenced to 75 years, he's up for parole in 20.
* LoveHurts: And the pain aspect being intentional doesn't help much.
* LuxuryPrisonSuite: Adebisi outfits his pod this way after Querns makes him trustee of Em City
%%* MadnessMantra: Beecher's [[IronicNurseryTune nursery rhymes]] in Season 2.
* MadeOfIron: Alvarez could be a mundane version. Over the course of the show, he is stabbed four times (once in the first five minutes of the show), shot, strangled, beaten, starved, and attacked with a shiv twice, and tries to commit suicide twice. [[spoiler: And he manages to survive until the series finale]]. Played with in that he does spend time in the hospital ward for several of these injuries, but characters lament the fact that it seems impossible to actually ''kill'' him.
* ManChild: Cyril O'Reily, due to brain damage.
%%* ManipulativeBastard:
%%** Ryan O'Reily, the king chessmaster of the prison.
%%** Stanislofsky is O'Reily's rival chessmaster for a time.
* MaleFrontalNudity: If penises scare you, don't watch the show.
* MassOhCrap: Two moments of this bookend Season 4. In the premiere, during [[spoiler:Guillaume Tarrant's shooting rampage]] characters as disparate as Hernandez, Schillinger and Said are shown with a massive OhCrap reaction; and in the finale, one occurs when [[spoiler:Padraig Connelly is revealed to have a bomb]], swiftly followed by CrowdPanic.
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: Rebadow's "conversations with God", Timmy Kirk's demonic voice, and the visions of the Reverend Cloutier are never given an explanation.
* MeaningfulName
** The evil Nazi guard is called Karl Metzger; "metzger" means butcher in German. In fact, almost all the ''American'' white supremacists on the show (James Robson being the exception) have at least one German or German-sounding name.
** Ray/Rei is Japanese for spirit, a fitting name for a priest, though in a sardonic twist it can also mean zero, i.e. nothingness.
** Sister Peter Marie Reimondo = Rey mundo (King and world in Spanish). God truly is the ruler of the world?
** Schillinger wants to make Adam ''Guenzel'' his prag. In old-timey prison slang, the word "gunsel" was the equivalent of "bitch", "punk", etc.
* MeaningfulRename: Halfway through the series, the facility's name is changed from Oswald Maximum Security Penitentiary to Oswald State Correctional Facility Level 4. Hill suspects that the name change reflects the administration abandoning any serious attempt to reform the prisoners.
* MindRape: This is essentially Schillinger's revenge plan for Beecher during the second season. [[spoiler:It works flawlessly.]]
* MoralityPet: Ryan O'Reily and his brain-damaged brother -- though this is horribly subverted on several occasions due to Ryan's utter willingness to manipulate his brother for his schemes.
* MrFanservice: Beecher, since he's a pretty big {{Woobie}} and becomes [[AllGirlsWantBadBoys tougher with a "take no shit" attitude]]. There's also Chris Keller, Ryan O'Reily, Adebisi (who has a tendency to leave his shirt open) etc.
* MurderTheHypotenuse:
** Ryan O'Reily does this to Dr. Nathan's husband.
** Chris Keller does this to every single one of Beecher's former lovers.
* MurderSuicide: Guillaume Tarrant, a weak inmate who got his stint after demolishing an important statue, quickly finds himself bullied by several other inmates. When he gains possession of a gun through Adebisi, he [[TheDogBitesBack kills his tormentors]] in front of everyone. He then turns the gun around on himself when the SORT team corners him.
* MusicalEpisode: Series 5, episode 3 'Variety' is a downplayed example with various characters singing during the narrator segments instead of Hill talking. Allows TheCastShowoff skills of Broadway alums Betty Buckley, Rita Moreno and BD Wong. Also including a hilarious duet between enemies Beecher and Schillinger. Of all the characters who sing in the episode, the only one without an actor with stage musical experience was Jaz Hoyt. Hoyt is portrayed by Evan Seinfeld, bassist and singer for metal band Biohazard.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Beecher experiences this after his plan of getting Schillinger to kill his own son works
* NaiveNewcomer: Beecher in Season 1. He's unprepared for the brutality of Oz, and quickly becomes Schillinger's sex slave after "saving" Beecher from becoming a sex slave to Adebisi.
* NeckSnap: After Chris Keller discovers that an old friend tried to sell him out to the cops, he coaxes the man into giving him a blowjob in a janitor's closet, then snaps his neck afterwards.
* NeverMyFault: Adam Guenzel. He claimed that he gang raped his victim because they were all drunk and that he never meant to hurt her (he is later seen bragging about the rape). After Beecher hands him over to the Aryans, he blames his situation on Beecher, even though he brought it on himself by being a [[UngratefulBastard complete asshole to him after he saved his life]].
* NiceHat: Adebisi's perpetually tilted knitted hat. Nobody is quite sure how he gets it to stay there.
* NobodyPoops: Averted, the use of toilets is a semi-regular occurrence.
** In Season 4, there is a complete shot of Chris Keller urinating into a bucket.
** How Beecher [[spoiler:finishes his epic beat-down of Vern Schillinger at the end of season 1.]]
* NoHoldsBarredBeatdown: On many occasions, the most brutal of them all ([[spoiler:Keller]] to [[spoiler:Beecher]]) being surprisingly systematic in nature.
* NotQuiteForever: One measure of the show's gradual decline from a gritty prison drama to a prison-based soap opera is the number of times Alvarez is sent to Solitary ''permanently,'' only to be let out a couple of weeks later.
* NotSoAboveItAll: Most of the prison staff; [=McManus=] is secret pot smoker, Diane murdered an inmate in order to keep him from incriminating her in a scheme to get her to smuggle cigarettes into the prison, Sean Murphy helped cut Morales' Achilles tendons as payback for him having another guard's tendon cut, and reoccurring straight-arrow prison guard Armstrong took money to let a man destroy the Muslims' printing press equipment. In addition, Glynn makes no effort to hide his disdain for prisoners or his bullying of Alvarez.
* NotSoFakePropWeapon: The prop knife in the prison production of ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' was switched for a real one.
* OddFriendship: A few develop over the course of the series: Beecher and Said, Burr Redding and Col. Galson, Mukada and Cloutier once they get over their rivalry.
* OhCrap: Given all the plotting, power struggles and reversals of fortune among the inmates, this is a fairly common occurrence. Some notable ones include:
** Schillinger has a literal one in the first season when Beecher takes his revenge, which culminates in [[spoiler:Beecher taking an actual dump on Schillinger's face]].
** Kenny Wangler has a richly deserved moment of this when his meek, introverted bullying victim Guillaume Tarrant unexpectedly [[spoiler:whips out a gun]].
** The look on Kareem Said's face when he realizes his efforts on behalf of Jason Cramer have GoneHorriblyRight, and he's [[spoiler:unwittingly helped set a brutal murderer free]].
** O'Reily when he hears [[spoiler:the contraband cell phone ringing]], and realizes Stanislofsky has just outfoxed him.
* OnlySaneMan: Augustus Hill. Also: Sean Murphy. Of the rounded officer characters he seems to have the most common sense.
%%* TheOldConvict: Rebadow. To a lesser extent, Busmalis as well.
* PayEvilUntoEvil:
** Beecher's murder of the loathsome guard Metzger, who was an ally of the Aryans.
** The homophobic rapist Guenzel becoming the Aryans' newest prag. Also qualifies as LaserGuidedKarma.
** Cudney views the killing of the son of the doctor who performed his wife's abortion as this.
* PercussivePrevention: In the ''long'' feud between Beecher and Schillinger, Schillinger gets his son to kidnap Beecher's children and kill one of them. In retaliation, Beecher arranges to have Schillinger's son killed, but feels remorseful afterwards. So remorseful, in fact, that when Schillinger is about to find out that Beecher was responsible Beecher decides to own up to it. Keller wants to confess to the crime instead so that Beecher won't become a target. Beecher tells him no. Keller knocks Beecher out so that Beecher can't stop him from taking credit for the murder and then runs off to do so.
* PoliceBrutality: Alvin Yood (Prisoner 01Y218) is a former small town Sheriff jailed for beating a minor who spat on him during an interrogation.
* PosthumousNarration: Augustus [[spoiler:does his usual narrations in Season 6 despite being killed in the Season 5 finale. He's joined by other dead characters such as Jefferson Keane, Dino Ortolani, Antonio Nappa and even the Schillinger brothers (who never appeared together onscreen while alive).]]
* PostRapeTaunt: Invoked when Dr. Gloria Nathan is raped on her way home from work by an Irish criminal, and she suspects that inmate Ryan O'Reilly, who was [[{{Yandere}} obsessed with her and had already arranged her husband's death]], was behind it. When she confronts him, he gloats about the rape until she physically attacks him, but he later admits to Father Mukada that he was lying so she could truly hate him and [[IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy move on with her life]]. He later kills the rapist personally.
* PragmaticVillainy: The default setting of the vast majority of prisoners. You could make a drinking game of the number of times some variation on "But what's in it for me?" is asked, or conversely, when someone spots an offer that's clearly too good to be true.
* PutOnABus:
** Dianne Wittlesey, after Edie Falco landed a role on "Series/TheSopranos".
** Miguel Alvarez [[spoiler: escaped from ''Oz'' in season 4 for a chunk of episodes]] so that Kirk Acevedo could shoot''Series/BandOfBrothers''.
** Keller was given a death sentence in Massachusetts when actor Christopher Meloni decided working two shows at once (he also portrayed grizzled cop Eliot Stabler on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit) was to exhausting. The sentence was overturned when Meloni changed his mind and came back to the show.
* PrecisionFStrike: Sister Peter-Marie, who doesn't use any profanity (even Father Ray does when talking to inmates) angrily shouts "what the fuck is going on!?" after a verbal fight between [=McManus=] and Querns.
* PrisonRape: Frequently, though rarely onscreen unlike the show's reputation suggests.
* PrisonRiot: Prison riots are a constant threat. One erupts in the first season finale "A Game of Checkers" when the prison gangs unite to take over Emerald City by taking the guards hostage. The prisoners establish a ruling council, but it's later revealed that everyone from the rioters to the prison administrators were being manipulated by Kareem Said from the start. He correctly predicted that Governor Devlin would refuse even the rioters' mostly harmless demands and take back Em City by force, causing enough deaths for public outrage to bring about real reform.
%%* RapeAsDrama: Chiefly with the rapes of Dr. Nathan and Peter Schibetta
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech:
%%** Wilson Loewn cuts down Vern Schillinger.
%%** Beecher and Schillinger get at least two a season.
** Hill gives a big one to Burr Redding: "Bullshit! The fact of the matter is, I wouldn't be in Oz, I wouldn't be in this chair, if you had only let me have the fucking paper route!"
* ReassignedToAntarctica: How Father Mukada ended up in Oz. By his own admission he was a star student but was too critical of his superiors to rise further through the papal ranks.
* RecklessGunUsage: One of the inmates was sent to prison after brandishing a gun at school which went off, [[IJustShotMarvinInTheFace killing a schoolgirl on the floor above]].
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Commonly done. Most notably [[spoiler:Jefferson Keane]] in Season 1, [[spoiler:Andy Schillinger]] in Season 3 and [[spoiler:Omar White]] in Season 6.
* SeinfeldianConversation: Occurs several times when the prisoners are watching Miss Sally's Schoolyard.
* ScarsAreForever: Subverted. Both Alvarez and Schillinger receive prominent facial scars during the first season, and both scars are totally badass and reflect on their character. Nonetheless, both heal over, which in Vern's case is actually pretty hard to believe. Although Alvarez's scar occasionally reappears as the plot demands.
* ScaryBlackMan: Adebisi. Said often uses this stereotype to his advantage, too. Said can look particularly scary when the lighting makes his (normally dark brown) eyes appear red!
* SceneryCensor: Noticeably averted. There's quite a lot of full frontal male nudity. Hell, by Season 4, they made at least one of those shots (I think of Ryan) part of the opening titles.
* TheScottishTrope: In the final season the prisoners put on a performance of ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}''. Every prisoner who volunteers for the title role gets murdered, [[spoiler:with the last death taking place on stage during performance night.]]
* SerialKiller: Quite a few, with Keller eventually admitting to have been one.
* SexySecretary: Floria Mills, Glynn's temporary secretary in season 4. The whole prison gives her a standing ovation when she strolls through the cafeteria.
* ShotAtDawn: After Donald Groves is sentenced to death for the murder of a correctional officer, he chooses firing squad as his method of execution.
* ShoutOut: When Clayton Hughes [[spoiler: shoots Governer Devlin]], his hair is cut into a mohawk and he wears a green army jacket, not unlike [[TaxiDriver Travis Bickle]]. Interestingly enough, the whole affair is reminiscent of the Hinckley shooting, which was inspired by TaxiDriver.
* ShowWithinAShow:
** ''Miss Sally's Schoolyard'' a children's show that also appeared on several other shows Tom Fontana produced and featured a buxom host that the prisoners loved.
** ''Up Your Ante'': a game show modeled after ''$1000 Pyramid'' that featured celebrity contestants (one of who was Miss Sally) helping regular contestants guess the answers to questions.
* ShowerOfAngst: Considering the amount of traumatic experiences the prison inmates go through, it's expected.
* ShowerScene: There are a few notable beatdowns in the shower, but probably the worst is in Season 5, when Supreme Allah kicks the shit out of Augustus Hill--'''who is in a wheelchair'''.
* SinisterMinister:
%%** Reverend Jeremiah Cloutier for a time, but ultimately subverted.
** Played straight with Timmy Kirk, who after converting from Catholicism to Cloutier's evangelical group, arranges beatings, murders, and the arson of Father Mukada's rectory. He pays for several of these with blow jobs. He also arranged for Cloutier to be bricked inside the kitchen wall.
* SinisterShiv: The WeaponOfChoice for inmates of Oz.
* SlasherSmile:
%%** Schillinger, Ryan, Adebisi, Chris, even Beecher.
** Done (as a probably unintentional visual pun) in a Season 3 episode when Nikolai Stanislofsky (the Russian Jew) kills an inmate in the shower with a razor he had concealed in his mouth.
* SleazyPolitician: Governor Devlin.
* TheSmurfettePrinciple: There is but ONE female inmate depicted in the whole series: Shirley Bellinger. She is also a very believable DistaffCounterpart to the male inmates in her amoral ways.
* SociopathicHero: Chris Keller and Ryan O'Reily.
* SortingAlgorithmOfEvil: The prisoners range from benevolent characters (Ralph Galino, Hamid Khan, Father Meehan) and harmless characters with a few exceptions (Busmalis, Augustus Hill, Said) to monsters like Schillinger, Adebisi and Hernandez.
* SpecialGuest: The show didn't really traffic in outlandish StuntCasting but on occasion featured well known character actors that often got a special AndStarring credit in the intro. The more notable ones include EricRoberts, CharlesSDutton and Luke Perry.
* StalkerWithACrush:
** Ryan O'Reily's [[FlorenceNightingaleEffect obsession with Dr. Nathan]].
** Keller's obsession with wanting to remain in Beecher's life, even though Beecher rejects him.
%%* StrawNihilist: Lemuel Idzik.
* SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute: Chris Keller for Scott Ross; both are {{depraved bisexual}}s with ties to Schillinger.
** Jahfree Neema, a charismatic African American community leader of some local renown, comes into Oz almost immediately after [[spoiler:Kareem Said, a charismatic African American community leader of some local renown is shot by Lemuel Idzik]]. Not that much really comes of the similarities, but the archetype void is filled.
%%* TalkativeLoon: Omar White. Oh SO much, Omar.
%%* ThanatosGambit: Most obviously [[spoiler:Keller's death.]]
* TheThirtySixStratagems: Killing someone with a borrowed knife is a favorite tactic of Ryan O'Reily.
* TheOnlyOneAllowedToDefeatYou: Subverted in the case of [[spoiler:Eli Zabitz]]. Keller wants to kill him out or revenge, Robson wants to kill him so he can't blackmail the Aryans anymore. While they argue over who can kill him (and quite obviously prepare to attack each other over the pleasure), [[spoiler:Zabitz]] has a heart attack. [[GallowsHumor Keller and Robson look at each other, shrug, and leave]].
* TheUnfairSex: Averted with characters like Shirley Bellinger and Claire Howell. Bellinger murdered her own children and is put on death row, while Claire Howell is depicted as a loathsome sexual predator who abuses her authority.
* TooDumbToLive:
** Adam Guenzel, the last thing you should do is act like a complete asshole to the only person in the prison who's trying to protect you from the Aryans who clearly have it out for you..
** Enrique Morales' brother-in-law bragging to Morales that he'd abused his wife (i.e. Morales' sister). NoHoldsBarredBeatdown ensues.
** Peter Schibetta taunting the resident AxCrazy ScaryBlackMan Adebisi with racial slurs... while Adebisi's holding a box of rat poison... and finishing by telling Adebisi to go fix him lunch. Three guesses where the rat poison ends up. Sadly that's not even the most disastrous of his decisions, but it is one of the most blatantly stupid.
* TookALevelInBadass: Tobias Beecher, starts out as a helpless rich lawyer in first season by the end he's a cynical grizzled con with a beard to prove it. [[spoiler:Eventually becoming tough enough to kill a hard as nails white supremacist guard with nothing but his ''[[{{Wolverine}} sharpened fingernails]]''. Actually that's only the third season. He sorta goes back to how he started by the end of things but now he swears more.]]
%%* TunnelKing: Agamemnon 'The Mole' Busmalis.
* UngratefulBastard: Adam Guenzel. After Beecher went out of his way to protect him from the Aryans, he mocked his sexuality and humiliated him in front of the prison.
%%* TheVamp: Shirley Bellinger.
* TheVerse: The appearance of ''Miss Sally's School Yard'' places it in the same convoluted universe as ''Series/HomicideLifeOnTheStreet'', ''Series/TheXFiles'' and ''Series/{{Cheers}}'' among many others.
* VillainousCrossdresser: The first to appear is Nathalie/Nathaniel in Season 3. Franklin Winthrop as the Aryans' prag qualifies however, as does Robson during his brief "feminine" period.
* VillainProtagonist: Pretty much every major prisoner character accept for maybe Augustus, Bob Redabow and Busmalis.
* WalkingShirtlessScene: Adibesi is shirtless most of the time, and quite muscular.
* WelcomeEpisode: Tobias Beecher being admitted into Oz in the first episode.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: The finale infamously left the Governor Devlin plotline unresolved, let alone [=McManus=]'s fate (essentially being told that in a month's time, if Devlin doesn't get arrested for his crimes, new warden Querns will have no choice but to fire him in order to appease Devlin). Character wise, there are several who disappear with no explanation. Although they are usually minor characters, some more important ones have disappeared, notably William Giles.
* WhereDaWhiteWomenAt: Despite his political and religious views, Kareem Said has only been attracted to white women, much to the horror of his fellow Muslim followers, and even his own (Christian) sister.
* WouldHurtAChild: Malcolm Coyle, Timmy Kirk, Shirley Bellinger, William Cudney, Vern and Hank Schillinger... a disturbingly large number of inmates, really.
* {{Yandere}}:
** Chris Keller. He murders all of the guys that Beecher has sex with, acts aggressive with Beecher, [[spoiler:has him unknowingly kill Schillinger when he can't convince Beecher to do it willingly, and later kills the Aryans so that they don't pose a threat to him and Beecher.]] On two various occasions knocks Beecher out with a punch to the head when he refuses to comply with his wishes, and later handcuffs him to a chair, away from everyone, where he threatens him and then forcibly kisses him.
** As well as Ryan O'Reilly over Dr. Nathan. After Nathan helps him recover from cancer, he falls in love with her and arranges for her husband to be murdered.
* YankTheDogsChain: Are you, or have you recently pissed off, a series regular? Is your parole hearing coming up soon? Yeah... good luck with that.
* ZippingUpTheBodybag: This is seen quite a bit during the later seasons, most notably with [[spoiler: El Cid]] and [[spoiler: Desmond Mobay]]. [[spoiler: Dino Ortolani's burned body]] is also seen in one, albeit in a photo and not zipped up.