[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/matlock_9154.png]]
A [[LongRunner long-running]] CourtroomDrama about old Southern defense attorney Ben Matlock, played by Creator/AndyGriffith. Both a series that ran for many years and a short series of {{Made for TV Movie}}s.

Matlock is a [[SimpleCountryLawyer folksy]] [[GoodOlBoy Southerner]] with a moral code from before TheSixties and a sense of justice. (One episode has him reveal that he grew up [[Series/TheAndyGriffithShow in a North Carolina town that no longer exists]].) He currently practices law in Atlanta, Georgia, which in the time this series was running was one of the least Southern places in TheDeepSouth. He defends his clients with help from a private detective friend, {{Courtroom Antic}}s (done folksily), and finding out who actually did it. (In one movie, Matlock actually kept the case going until he found out who did the murder, even though his client was actually cleared and the prosecutor ready to drop the case.)

Structurally, this series is very much like ''Franchise/PerryMason''. Probably not coincidentally, ''Matlock'''s creator, Dean Hargrove, and his production partner, Fred Silverman (the same man who, at various times, worked as an executive for all three major television networks Creator/{{ABC}}, Creator/{{CBS}}, and Creator/{{NBC}}) produced a string of ''Perry Mason'' made-for-TV movies beginning three months before ''Matlock'' premiered. But there is a big difference between Mason and Matlock. Perry Mason (based in Los Angeles in most of the franchise; based in Denver for the TV movies) is always intense and menacing by nature; Matlock is old-fashioned, folksy and grandfatherly.
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!!The series contains examples of:

* {{Adorkable}}: Cassie Phillips, whose first appearance saw her fumbling her way into Matlock's employ on a misunderstanding that he was going to offer her a job. She's very sweet and sympathetic and you just want to hug her because she's trying to do the right thing in spite of inexperience and though she messes up, she's a very fast learner.
* ArtisticLicenseLaw: Just pretend that you're a lawyer for the prosecution when you watch this. Then call out "Objection!" every time that a real prosecutor would during Matlock's questioning of witnesses. It will make you hoarse.
* AssholeVictim: Happened more often than not, whether it was a mobster, blackmailer, or just a jerkass, they tended to be the victims. Not that that always happened, it was sometimes a case of being in the wrong place at the wrong time, or a guy that, due more to his position than his personality, simply had enemies.
* BaitAndSwitchComment: Weaponized by Charlene in the pilot on at least two people who have been unreasonable with her. She tells them something they want to hear, and ''then'':
--> '''Charlene''': ''(spitefully)'' [[TakeThat HERE'S A SUBPOENA.]]
* BerserkButton: Arguably, crooked lawyers are this to Matlock. While fairly cantankerous on occasion, Matlock seldom displays anything resembling true rage. A rare exception was in the episode "The Foursome", in which the prosecuting attorney (a protege of Julie's) alters the evidence to get a conviction, and Matlock reveals her duplicity during his appeal. When the attorney, facing disbarment and imprisonment, begs Matlock for a second chance, you can see the TranquilFury on his face as he calmly says, "No, I don't think so." Julie for her part was also quietly furious with her protege for disgracing the legal profession.
** Do NOT ''EVER'' deceive Matlock. You ''will'' pay one way or another.
** Also, one surefire way to honk Ben off is to interrupt his sleep and make him deal with a problem during an unholy time of night. He will still come to your rescue, but he will shuffle in with an unkempt look about him like he just fell out of bed, piss and moan about being woken up, and be far less likely to listen to your plight and sympathize with you.
* BewareTheNiceOnes: Julie March is as cute as a button, perky as a poodle, and sweet as strawberries. But Ben regards her as ''the'' most ruthless prosecutor there is in the DA's office. And he's right.
* BlackBestFriend: Tyler Hudson and [[{{SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute}} younger but just as effective]] Conrad [=McMasters=]. Both investigators who did dangerous, athletic legwork in a show full of white lawyers who were much less athletic but still managed to walk into stupid situations.
* BusmansHoliday: Matlock as a RogueJuror.
* ButtMonkey: For a former Army lieutenant, Tyler Hudson gets his ass kicked routinely on the job. Conrad, who takes his place, falls into this category not so much, as he's harder to get the drop on, having been in the police.
* CaptainObvious: In one episode he tries to use ThePerryMasonMethod to get a witness for the prosecution [[spoiler:who really is the killer]] to confess. The witness turns out to have [[spoiler:what at least looks like]] an airtight alibi. As Matlock leaves the courtroom, a reporter shouts at him, desperately trying to get a soundbite before Matlock's elevator door closes.
--> '''Reporter:''' How does it feel to make a fool of yourself, Mr. Matlock?\\
'''Matlock:''' Lousy!
* ClipShow: Used rather creatively. Matlock has been kidnapped and his sidekicks have to recap old cases he solved to figure out who wants revenge on him the most.
** Admittedly, the show began to abuse this by having a clip show about once per season afterward.
* CoolOldGuy: Matlock.
* CourtMartialed: In an episode Ben is appointed as a defense attorney for a soldier undergoing a court-martial and has to be repeatedly reminded that the Judge is called "Sir" not "your honor."
* CowboyEpisode: "The Nightmare", in which the show's title character gets knocked out and finds himself in a Wild West setting.
* {{Crossover}}: Matlock once defended Dr. Jesse Travis from a murder charge in ''Series/DiagnosisMurder''.
* CrusadingLawyer: Matlock
* TheEighties / TheNineties: The show takes place from 1986 to 1995 over a ten-year span.
* FishOutOfWater: Happens anytime Ben has to travel very far out of Atlanta to defend someone. Particularly of note was the time he was in Britain and unable to bring himself to where the barrister's wig and gown and found it difficult to use their court vernacular, which is a lot more rigid and formal than the loose way of speaking in American courtrooms.
* FriendlyEnemy: see WorthyOpponent. Partially averted in that they're not actual enemies, just arguing opposite sides of their cases.
* GoodLawyersGoodClients: Obligatory for the genre, but [[{{Subversion}} subverted]] in "The Best Friend", where his client was guilty. He got her to confess in court to end an AccuseTheWitness situation against someone she cared for.
* GilliganCut: Matlock, about to go on a fishing trip, gets a letter calling him in for jury duty. Matlock remarks, that as a prominent defense attorney, there's a snowball's chance in hell he'd be selected. Cut to Matlock sitting in the jury box. An example of ArtisticLicenseLaw, as in most of the United States and all Canadian provinces lawyer's are ineligible for jury duty.
* IconicItem: Aside from his suit, Matlock also has a banjo that he sometimes strums on. In addition to his banjo, he also has a ukelele and quite a few guitars to his name.
* IWantYouToMeetAnOldFriendOfMine: Don Knotts, Barney Fife on ''Series/TheAndyGriffithShow'', had a recurring role as Ben's NosyNeighbor Les Calhoun. Other "Griffith" alumni that appeared on the show included Aneta Corsaut (Helen Crump), Jack Dodson (Howard Sprague), Arlene Golonka (Millie Swanson), and Betty Lynn (Thelma Lou).
* IvyLeagueForEveryone
* {{Irony}}: When Matlock defends a client in a different court than his home turf in the season 4 opener, the judge is as no-nonsense as they come and absolutely hates the way Matlock turns the courtroom into his own personal little circus. That judge ends up moving to Atlanta much later in the show and becomes the one judge who simply ''refuses'' to let Matlock carry on the way he usually does.
* JokerJury: In one episode Matlock was called upon to act as defense counsel for a prison guard being tried for murder by rioting prisoners.
* JuryAndWitnessTampering: Subverted in one episode. Matlock interviews a potential witness and gets her story, then calls her to the witness stand to repeat it in front of the jury--where she tells a completely different story. Ben thinks that she's been tampered with, but according to her ''this'' is the real story and she had been tampered with before when she had talked to him previously (and she wasn't under oath then).
* KilledOffForReal: In a shocking and rather heartbreaking turn of events, the final season sees one of the recurring cast get murdered. [[spoiler:Lieutenant Bob Brooks, a close friend of Ben's who also serves as his contact on the Atlanta Police Department, is stabbed to death by someone seeking revenge on Matlock and attempting to see if they can pull off the perfect crime.]]
* LimitedWardrobe: Lampshaded by an episode where the store where he buys all his identical light grey suits is shutting down, and he must defend his favorite salesman on a related murder charge. The one time Matlock actually wears a different suit, he finds it to be unbearably itchy and it freaks the judge out because he can't help but think something is wrong with him, until Ben finally gives up the ghost with his new suit and switches back to the old one.
* MissingMom: Just like Andy Taylor used to be, Matlock's widowed, and the subject of remarrying bothers him. We hear next to nothing about the late missus ([[NoNameGiven not even a name]]) except precious little from Charlene where she says she lost her mother when she was still young during a case where someone was driven to murder because their own mother had been ejected from their life.
* MoodWhiplash: The disturbing Murder trials were often offset by rather [[TwoLinesNoWaiting cutesy B story lines]]. One {{Egregious}} example had Matlock wrap up a case early in the show's running time so that the last five minutes of the show could feature an upbeat bluegrass band.
* MortonsFork: One episode has Matlock defend a mentally retarded client named Tommy after his employer Sandra is found murdered, but Tommy's stunted mental state causes Ben to wonder if Tommy can even ''understand'' what's happening. To make matters worse, Tommy is hysterical after what happened and acting highly erratic, so he's lost in his own mind. Matlock tries to explain it to him in the simplest terms and for Tommy to think about pleading diminished capacity (that he was unaware of what he was doing and could have killed Sandra by accident), despite knowing this is a much more unpleasant but necessary topic to bring up, because Tommy goes up for murder on one hand, or still gets blacklisted as a murderer regardless of whether or not he did the crime if the plea goes through on the other hand. When Tommy doesn't even register to ''anything'' Matlock just said, he lets out a very troubled and exasperated, "Oh, Lord...."
* NiceShoes: Matlock often shines his shoes as a means of relaxing.
** In "The Billionaire", Trader Joe's (his favorite catalogue store) had a sale on his favorite shoes, so he bought a pair. However, for some reason, he discovered they were incredibly tight and painful and that breaking them in was the only problem, until the shoes remained unpleasantly uncomfortable. Cassie later supplied him with a new set of shoes that came in from Trader Joe's along with an apology. Turns out they sent him the wrong size. Matlock puts on his new shoes and finds himself overjoyed with the immediate difference in how comfortable they are.
-->'''Matlock''': Ahh... ''heaven''.
* ObfuscatingStupidity: This is often the way Matlock finds the truth.
* ParanormalEpisode: "The Ghost" sees the ghost of a murder victim asks Matlock to defend his widow from murder charges and find his real killer.
* ProtagonistTitle
* PutOnABus: Tyler Hudson after Season 3 due to Kene Holliday becoming increasingly late to work and having to go to rehab due to drug and alcohol problems. Likewise, Tyler's replacement, Conrad [=McMasters=], after Season 7 when his actor, Clarence Gilyard, Jr., left to play James Trivette on ''Series/WalkerTexasRanger''.
* RunningGag: A two-parter featured Tyler embroiled in an investigation with a criminal baroness. Every time he'd go into the bar that served as her hideout, he'd make a total ass of himself and get physically thrown into the back room where she awaited him.
* TheScrooge: Matlock is a cheapskate. At first, it was out of necessity after some bad investments but, by the time he became wealthy again, he remained thrifty. [[spoiler: In a crossover with ''Series/DiagnosisMurder'', Matlock revealed that on Dr. Sloan's advice, he once invested heavily in companies that manufactured 8-track tapes, which nearly wiped him out.]]
* ShowDontTell: Matlock has a ''horrible'' habit of speculating in nearly '''all''' of his cases rather than presenting the quantifiable evidence right off the bat, and it results in the prosecutors taking him apart time and time again for lack of credibility.
* SimpleCountryLawyer: Matlock.
* ShoutOut: This article's description alone revealed a ton of them, all to ''Series/TheAndyGriffithShow''.
** The episode "The Jurors" is an obvious spin on ''Film/TwelveAngryMen''.
* SpiritualSuccessor:
** To ''Series/TheAndyGriffithShow''. This show is essentially what happened when Sheriff Andy Taylor decided to leave Mayberry and move onto bigger and better things.
** Arguably, to ''Franchise/PerryMason'' as well.
* StorybookEpisode: Matlock is hit on the head and dreams he must solve a case [[{{RecycledInSpace}} Recycled In]] TheWildWest.
** In a much later episode, he has an AcidRefluxNightmare and winds up in a FilmNoir plot.
* SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute: Michelle for Charlene, then Leanne for both of them. Also, Conrad for Tyler, though this one is more out of necessity after Kene Holiday was booted from the main cast and they needed someone to fill his shoes.
* ThrowTheDogABone: One case saw Tyler get involved with a bunch of "lethal-looking men". However, he discovered that they loved to play cards and gamble. Tyler subsequently cleaned their clocks to the tune of '''20,000 dollars.'''
* TrademarkFavoriteFood: Ben ''adores'' hot dogs. It goes as far back as his first case as a defense lawyer, when his dad was still around to make them for him. Sister series ''Series/MurderSheWrote'' reveals Ben developed his trademark adherence to them while strapped for cash in his youth.
* TranquilFury: If you stab Matlock in the back, he will show you no mercy. He'll turn right around and give and show you just how he ruthless he can be.
** There was one instance where Matlock discovered his own client really ''was'' guilty all along, and immediately poured holy hell down on her for acting like she could get away with murder on his dime. Instead of squeezing the truth out of her on the stand, Matlock went for the throat. He decided to attempt to incriminate her ''best friend'' as the murderer on the stand in a ''terrifying'' BatmanGambit that caused her to come clean and change her plea to guilty.
** "Nowhere to Run", which is a TraumaCongaLine for poor Ben, opened with one of his client's friends testifying on his behalf... but Ben does not know he's put her up to this, and then is forced to watch his defense capsize when she pulls a '''totally asinine''' song-and-dance of lies on the witness stand, when the client would have probably got off scot-free had he not tried to cheat the justice system. Needless to say, Matlock is ''pissed'', knows the damage is done, irreparably so, and is prepared to walk out on the slimeball and let the jury convict him.
-->'''Ben''': ''(sounding like he's ready to wash his hands of the creep)'' You're '''dead'''. ... You're ''dead''. ... You're '''DEAD''', AND I HATE YOU.
* TheUnreveal: In your typical ''Matlock'' episode, the killer is TheUnseen and exposed in the final act of the story. However, a few select episodes of the show introduce the killer right off the bat without even trying to hide their identity, sometimes to showcase either their total lack of humanity or to show the lengths they'll go to avoid being caught, and for the very worst offenders, both. Want an example of how this works to the benefit of the drama? "The Sisters" was the first instance where this took place, and that time, the killers murdered someone for '''[[ForTheEvulz FUN]]'''.
* WorthyOpponent:
** Professional, soft-spoken Assistant DA Julie March. Just because someone can send your client to death row doesn't mean you can't be good friends!
** Lampshaded on a show where Matlock invites her to stay at his house while she's temporarily homeless. She has to leave before the end of that week's case because it gets too awkward.
* YetAnotherChristmasCarol: Instead of three spirits, Michelle took a slumlord to several different apartments to show him the different stages of squalor his tenants lived in. The last apartment [[spoiler: was dark. When the slumlord fumbled for the light switch and turned it on he found Matlock sitting in the living room chair. Having heard him fumble for the light switch, Matlock knew the landlord had never been in the apartment before and could not be the killer. One of Matlock's more clever moments.]]
* YourCheatingHeart:This happens almost ''religiously'' on ''Matlock''. You could set a DrinkingGame to the number of affairs on this show. About OncePerEpisode, ''somebody'' is screwing around with somebody else's spouse, and more often then not, it's either the cause of the murder or a dirty secret one of the suspects tried to hide while being investigated. In some cases, there is a full-blown LoveDodecahedron in motion that has triggered a mess of bloodshed.
* {{Zeerust}}: All those computers and printers from the 80s in the office scenes are laughably obsolete compared to now.
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