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[[quoteright:350:[[Literature/RobinsonCrusoe http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/rsz_robinson_crusoe_870.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Taking it literally...]]

* ''Across a Star-Swept Sea'' by Creator/DianaPeterfreund and ''Literature/{{Rook}}'' by Sharon Cameron are both versions of ''Literature/TheScarletPimpernel'' [-IN A POST-APOCALYPTIC FUTURE-]!
* The ''Literature/AlexisCarew'' series is what ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' would be, if the setting was even more forced to be ''Literature/HoratioHornblower'' [-IN SPACE-]. Ships have actual sails that are set by hand, [[SubspaceOrHyperspace darkspace]] is treated like [[SpaceIsAnOcean an ocean]] with currents and "shoals". In darkspace, ships are navigated by dead reckoning (effectively making guesses) and fire broadsides at one another using hand-loaded cannons. Even the official currency is based on the pre-decimal British system, likely confusing many modern readers. And every single ship part is given an archaic naval name (to the point where a ship's mechanic is called a carpenter despite using a 3D printer instead of wood), causing Alexis to frequently get confused by seemingly made up words like "futtock".
* The novel ''Billion Dollar Boy'' is ''Captains Couragous'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Literature/CiaphasCain'', '''Hero of the Imperium!!!''' is {{Literature/Flashman}} (with a side order of the same author's Literature/McAuslan) [-IN SPACE-].
* ''Conan and the Treasure of Python'' by John Maddox Roberts is ''Literature/KingSolomonsMines'' [-WITH [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian CONAN]]-]!
** ''Conan the Rogue'' by the same writer is HardboiledDetective fiction (borrowing the story elements from ''Literature/TheMalteseFalcon'', ''Literature/RedHarvest'' and ''Literature/TheDainCurse'') [-WITH [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian CONAN]]-]!
** ''The Elephant in the Tower'' by Creator/RobertEHoward is [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian Conan]] [-WITH ALIENS-]!
* Creator/ChuckPalahniuk:
** ''Literature/{{Damned}}'' has been described as ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'' [-IN {{HELL}}-]!
** ''Literature/FightClub'' is just ''Literature/TheStrangeCaseOfDrJekyllAndMrHyde'' for the post-modern era.
* James Patterson's ''Literature/DanielX'' series is Franchise/JamesBond [-WITH A TEENAGE [[HumanAliens ALIEN]]!-]
* The ''Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse'' novel ''The Eternity Casket'' is ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' [-IN SPACE! WITH ADDED ''DOCTOR WHO'' WEIRDNESS!-]
* ''{{Literature/Dune}}'' is ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'' [-IN SPACE!-]
* Science-fiction grandmaster Creator/IsaacAsimov was open about the fact that his classic ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' trilogy was ''Literature/TheDeclineAndFallOfTheRomanEmpire'' [-IN SPACE-]! This is heavily lampshaded in its SerialNumbersFiledOff sequel by Donald Kingsbury, ''Psychohistorical Crisis''. The protagonist finds a copy of ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' in an antique shop; he's excited to discover a genuine Earth document, while his mentor glances through it and declares it a clumsy fake that's based on the much more recent history covered by Asimov's novels.
* ''The Game of Empire'' by Creator/PoulAnderson is ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' [-IN THE Literature/{{TECHNIC HISTORY}} UNIVERSE-]! [-WITH THE [[GenderFlip DAUGHTER]] OF DOMINIC FLANDRY-]!
* The children's book series ''Get Ready for Gabi!'' is ''WesternAnimation/DoraTheExplorer'' [-IN THIRD GRADE-]!
* ''Godspeed'' by Creator/CharlesSheffield is ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Literature/TheGraceOfKings'' by Ken Liu is the [[UsefulNotes/DynastiesFromShangToQing Chu-Han Contention]] [-ON AN ARCHIPELAGO WITH AIRSHIPS-]! Xiang Yu is replaced by Mata Zyndu while Liu Bang is replaced by Kuni Garu.
* ''Literature/GuardiansOfGaHoole'' is essentially UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo [-WITH OWLS-]!
* ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus'': The ''Argo II'' InUniverse.
* ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' started out as ''Literature/HoratioHornblower''... [-IN SPACE-]!, with the series physics specifically designed to create a futuristic version of WoodenShipsAndIronMen. Later, it made a major [[OffTheRails hard turn away]] from this. "Echoes of Honor" was ''Film/TheGreatEscape'' [-IN SPACE-], as well the Hornblower novel ''Flying Colours'' [-IN SPACE-].
* ''Literature/TheHungerGames'': Panem is, for all intents and purposes, the Roman Empire [-IN THE FUTURE-]!
* The novel ''Literature/{{Inferno}}'' by Creator/LarryNiven and Jerry Pournelle, is ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'' with DeadToBeginWith, sci-fi GenreSavvy protagonist instead of Dante who tries (unsuccessfully) to explain Hell as LostTechnology or an "Infernoland" created by aliens. His guide isn't Virgil, but UsefulNotes/BenitoMussolini. Additions to the original include a Hellish version of a CelestialBureaucracy in which damned souls as well as demons work, new torments for [[StrawmanPolitical both extreme environmentalists and wanton environment-destroyers]], and the theologically questionable revelation that anyone can escape Hell through redemption and sincere effort.
* Creator/RayBradbury's ''Leviathan '99'' is ''Literature/MobyDick'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Discworld/{{Maskerade}}'' is ''Literature/ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' [-WITH WITCHES-]!, although there's a bit more {{Deconstruction}} than that. In fact, the Witches books in general are typically [[TwiceToldTale a twist on a classic story]] or, in two cases, [[TheBardOnBoard a Shakespeare play]]. And ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' is ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' [-WITH FOOTBALL-]!
* Creator/BenBova's ''Mercury'' is ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' [-IN SPACE-]! to the point that he's lucky that work is in the public domain.
* The ''Literature/PrinceRoger'' series is Xenophon's Anabasis [-In SPACE-], at least for the first three books.
* Creator/DavidDrake 's ''Literature/{{RCN}}'' series is, according to WordOfGod, ''Literature/AubreyMaturin'' literally [-IN SPACE-]!
* Creator/LarryNiven, after writing his famous science fiction novel ''Literature/{{Ringworld}}'', later realized that he had ended up writing ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' [-IN SPACE-]!, with the plot and characters mirroring those in the story.
* Creator/StephenKing's ''Literature/TheStand'' is ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' [-IN POST-APOCALYPTIC AMERICA!-]
** As is Creator/VernorVinge's ''Literature/ThePeaceWar''.
* ''Literature/TheStarsMyDestination'' is ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* Pat Murphy's ''Literature/ThereAndBackAgain'' is, unabashedly and transparently, ''Literature/TheHobbit'' [-IN SPACE-]! SpacePirates, good and bad tend to fill in many of the groups in the novels (i.e. the Bilbo equivalent journeys with an all-female group of adventurers, and standing in for Orcs are the Resurrectionists, a [[{{Series/Firefly}} Reaver]]-like bunch who capture people and harvest their organs.
* Creator/StephenBaxter and Creator/ArthurCClarke's ''Time Odyssey'' trilogy is ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' [-WITH SCIENCE-]!
* Nick O'Donohoe's ''Too, Too Solid Flesh'' is literally ''{{Hamlet}}'' [-WITH ROBOTS-].
* ''ComicBook/TheTriganEmpire'' is ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' [-ON ANOTHER PLANET-]!
* ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'':
** ''A Civil Campaign'' is Creator/GeorgetteHeyer [-IN SPACE-]!, as confirmed by WordOfGod.
** Barrayar is {{Ruritania}} [-IN SPACE-]!
* Creator/StephenKing's novel ''Literature/WolvesOfTheCalla: Franchise/TheDarkTower V'' is ''[[Film/TheMagnificentSeven1960 The Magnificent Seven]]'' [-WITH ROBOTS-]! And [[LampshadeHanging openly admits to this]], as the characters begin to realize that [[MediumAwareness they're characters in a Stephen King novel!]]
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein makes a lot of use of this trope:
** ''Literature/DoubleStar'' is ''ThePrisonerOfZenda'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/CitizenOfTheGalaxy'' is Rudyard Kipling's "Kim" [-IN SPACE-]!
** Between ''Literature/TheMoonIsAHarshMistress'', ''Literature/RedPlanet'', and ''Literature/BetweenPlanets'', it's obvious the American Revolution [-IN SPACE-]! was a big thing with Heinlein.
** ''Literature/RocketShipGalileo'' is Nazis [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/StarmanJones'' is Horatio Alger [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/StarshipTroopers'' is ''Film/TheSandsOfIwoJima'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** Etc. You get the picture. To his credit, Heinlein never pretended to make stuff up out of whole cloth, as he had several characters in several books explain at length. (e.g., [[Literature/TheRollingStones Hazel Meade Stone]] explaining that she was going to do an episode of her radio serial as Shakespeare [-IN SPACE-].)
* Creator/JoeHill has referred to ''Literature/TheFireman'' as being "''Literature/TheStand'' soaked in gasoline".
* S. M Stirling:
** ''Literature/ThePeshawarLancers'' is Rudyard Kipling [-AFTER THE END-]!
*** involving a noble family founded by ''Flashman'' -- who could, it is true, successfully survive and escape post-apocalyptic Victorian England though sheer cowardice and get a knighthood from the deal.
** The ''Literature/{{Emberverse}}'' is Myth/KingArthur meets ''Literature/LordOfTheRings'' [-AFTER THE END-]!
* The ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' gives us plenty of examples:
** ''Literature/TheGloveOfDarthVader'' is ''WesternAnimation/CaptainPlanet'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'' is [[AcePilot fighter pilots]] [-IN SPACE-]!
*** One of the comics' long-running subplots is ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' [-IN SPACE-]!, and [-WITH ALIENS THAT TRADITIONALLY HATE EACH OTHER-]! Another of them is the Anastasia mythos with a BoisterousBruiser Princess [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''Literature/JediAcademyTrilogy'' (at least the dynamic between Luke and Kyp) is ''Franchise/XMen'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''[[Literature/JediAcademyTrilogy I, Jedi]]'' is FilmNoir [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''Literature/HandOfThrawn'' Duology is a FixFic [-[[ArmedWithCanon IN CANON]]-]! (And also in space.)
** ''Literature/NewJediOrder'' is an alien invasion movie [-IN SPACE-]! and DarkerAndEdgier.
** ''Literature/FateOfTheJedi'' is the Franchise/CthulhuMythos [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/DeathTroopers'' is a ZombieApocalypse [-IN SPACE-]!
*** Specifically, it's ''VideoGame/Left4Dead'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/{{Shatterpoint}}'' is ''Film/ApocalypseNow'' [-WITH JEDI-], ''according to [[Creator/MattStover the author]]''.
** ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'' is Literature/{{Goosebumps}} [-IN SPACE-] and with multi-book plots!
*** ''Spore'' is ''Film/TheThing1982'' PG-rated and [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''[=MedStar=]'' duology is ''{{Series/Mash}}'' [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Darth Maul Shadow Hunter'' is ''Film/TheTerminator'' [-IN SPACE-]
** ''The Hand of Judgment'' duology (''Literature/{{Allegiance}}'' and ''Literature/ChoicesOfOne'') are ''Series/TheATeam'' [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Scoundrels'' is Film/OceansEleven [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Agent Of The Empire'' is James Bond [-IN SPACE!-]
* ''Literature/TheSelection'' is ''Literature/TheHungerGames'' [-WITH PRINCESSES!-]
* ''[[Literature/TheRedVixenAdventures Captive of the Red Vixen]]'' is an Age of Sail Romance [-IN SPACE-] with [[TalkingAnimal ANTHROPOMORPHIC FOXES]]!
* ''Literature/NightsideCity'' by LawrenceWattEvans' is a HardboiledDetective mystery, with all the typical attributes of the genre - set on a faraway planet of a future interstellar civilization - and with first-person narrator being Calisle Hsing, a woman detective.
* ''Literature/ASymphonyOfEternity'' is Creator/KenBurns Civil War, InSpace, UpToEleven, using {{Magitek}} combined with {{Literature/Flashman}}, Literature/TheThrawnTrilogy with elements of ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' thrown in.
* ''Literature/{{Wolf Breed}}'' is {{Manga/Elfenlied}} in TheMiddleAges [-WITH WEREWOLVES!-]
* The teen horror novel "Mirror, Mirror" is Literature/ThePictureOfDorianGray set in a high school, with a female protagonist and as indicated by the title, a mirror that represents how much uglier the girl's personality is becoming. In the CruelTwistEnding, she doesn't die like her book counterpart, but is horribly disfigured in an accident. Her reflection, like Dorian's painting, is now flawless.
* ''Literature/TheGraveyardBook'' is ''Literature/TheJungleBook'' [-WITH GHOSTS!-]