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[[quoteright:350:[[Literature/RobinsonCrusoe http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/rsz_robinson_crusoe_870.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Taking it literally...]]

* The novel ''Billion Dollar Boy'' is ''Captains Couragous'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Literature/CiaphasCain'', '''Hero of the Imperium!!!''' is {{Literature/Flashman}} (with a side order of the same author's Literature/McAuslan) [-IN SPACE-].
* ''Conan and the Treasure of Python'' by John Maddox Roberts is ''Literature/KingSolomonsMines'' [-WITH [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian CONAN]]-]!
** ''Conan the Rogue'' by the same writer is HardboiledDetective fiction (borrowing the story elements from ''Literature/TheMalteseFalcon'', ''Literature/RedHarvest'' and ''Literature/TheDainCurse'') [-WITH [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian CONAN]]-]!
** ''The Elephant in the Tower'' by Creator/RobertEHoward is [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian Conan]] [-WITH ALIENS-]!
* Creator/ChuckPalahniuk's ''Damned'' has been described as ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'' [-IN {{HELL}}-]!
** ''Literature/FightClub'' is just ''Literature/TheStrangeCaseOfDrJekyllAndMrHyde'' for the post-modern era.
* James Patterson's ''Literature/DanielX'' series is Franchise/JamesBond [-WITH A TEENAGE [[HumanAliens ALIEN]]!-]
* The ''Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse'' novel ''The Eternity Casket'' is ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' [-IN SPACE! WITH ADDED ''DOCTOR WHO'' WEIRDNESS!-]
* ''{{Literature/Dune}}'' is ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'' [-IN SPACE!-]
* Science-fiction grandmaster Creator/IsaacAsimov was open about the fact that his classic ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' trilogy was ''Literature/TheDeclineAndFallOfTheRomanEmpire'' [-IN SPACE-]! This is heavily lampshaded in its SerialNumbersFiledOff sequel by Donald Kingsbury, ''Psychohistorical Crisis''. The protagonist finds a copy of ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' in an antique shop; he's excited to discover a genuine Earth document, while his mentor glances through it and declares it a clumsy fake that's based on the much more recent history covered by Asimov's novels.
* ''The Game of Empire'' by Creator/PoulAnderson is ''Literature/{{Kim}}'' [-IN THE Literature/{{TECHNIC HISTORY}} UNIVERSE-]! [-WITH THE [[GenderFlip DAUGHTER]] OF DOMINIC FLANDRY-]!
* ''Literature/EndersGame'' is ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* The children's book series ''Get Ready for Gabi!'' is ''WesternAnimation/DoraTheExplorer'' [-IN THIRD GRADE-]!
* ''Godspeed'' by Creator/CharlesSheffield is ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Literature/TheGraceOfKings'' by Ken Liu is the [[UsefulNotes/DynastiesFromShangToQing Chu-Han Contention]] [-ON AN ARCHIPELAGO WITH AIRSHIPS-]! Xiang Yu is replaced by Mata Zyndu while Liu Bang is replaced by Kuni Garu.
* ''Literature/GuardiansOfGaHoole'' is essentially UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo [-WITH OWLS-]!
* ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus'': The ''Argo II'' InUniverse.
* ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' started out as ''Literature/HoratioHornblower''... [-IN SPACE-]!, with the series physics specifically designed to create a futuristic version of WoodenShipsAndIronMen. Later, it made a major [[OffTheRails hard turn away]] from this. "Echoes of Honor" was ''Film/TheGreatEscape'' [-IN SPACE-], as well the Hornblower novel ''Flying Colours'' [-IN SPACE-].
* ''Literature/TheHungerGames'': Panem is, for all intents and purposes, the Roman Empire [-IN THE FUTURE-]!
* Creator/RayBradbury's ''Leviathan '99'' is ''Literature/MobyDick'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* ''Discworld/{{Maskerade}}'' is ''Literature/ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' [-WITH WITCHES-]!, although there's a bit more {{Deconstruction}} than that. In fact, the Witches books in general are typically [[TwiceToldTale a twist on a classic story]] or, in two cases, [[TheBardOnBoard a Shakespeare play]]. And ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' is ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' [-WITH FOOTBALL-]!
* Creator/BenBova's ''Mercury'' is ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' [-IN SPACE-]! to the point that he's lucky that work is in the public domain.
* The ''Literature/PrinceRoger'' series is Xenophon's Anabasis [-In SPACE-], at least for the first three books.
* Creator/DavidDrake 's ''Literature/{{RCN}}'' series is, according to WordOfGod, ''Literature/AubreyMaturin'' literally [-IN SPACE-]!
* Creator/LarryNiven, after writing his famous science fiction novel ''Literature/{{Ringworld}}'', later realized that he had ended up writing ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' [-IN SPACE-]!, with the plot and characters mirroring those in the story.
* Creator/StephenKing's ''Literature/TheStand'' is ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' [-IN POST-APOCALYPTIC AMERICA!-]
** As is Creator/VernorVinge's ''Literature/ThePeaceWar''.
* ''Literature/TheStarsMyDestination'' is ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'' [-IN SPACE-]!
* Pat Murphy's ''Literature/ThereAndBackAgain'' is, unabashedly and transparently, ''Literature/TheHobbit'' [-IN SPACE-]! SpacePirates, good and bad tend to fill in many of the groups in the novels (i.e. the Bilbo equivalent journeys with an all-female group of adventurers, and standing in for Orcs are the Resurrectionists, a [[{{Series/Firefly}} Reaver]]-like bunch who capture people and harvest their organs.
* Creator/StephenBaxter and Creator/ArthurCClarke's ''Time Odyssey'' trilogy is ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' [-WITH SCIENCE-]!
* Nick O'Donohoe's ''Too, Too Solid Flesh'' is literally ''{{Hamlet}}'' [-WITH ROBOTS-].
* ''ComicBook/TheTriganEmpire'' is ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'' [-ON ANOTHER PLANET-]!
* ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'':
** ''A Civil Campaign'' is Creator/GeorgetteHeyer [-IN SPACE-]!, as confirmed by WordOfGod.
** Barrayar is {{Ruritania}} [-IN SPACE-]!
* Creator/StephenKing's novel ''Literature/WolvesOfTheCalla: Franchise/TheDarkTower V'' is ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'' [-WITH ROBOTS-]! And [[LampshadeHanging openly admits to this]], as the characters begin to realize that [[MediumAwareness they're characters in a Stephen King novel!]]
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein makes a lot of use of this trope:
** ''Literature/DoubleStar'' is ''ThePrisonerOfZenda'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/CitizenOfTheGalaxy'' is Rudyard Kipling's "Kim" [-IN SPACE-]!
** Between ''Literature/TheMoonIsAHarshMistress'', ''Literature/RedPlanet'', and ''Literature/BetweenPlanets'', it's obvious the American Revolution [-IN SPACE-]! was a big thing with Heinlein.
** ''Literature/RocketShipGalileo'' is Nazis [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/StarmanJones'' is Horatio Alger [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/StarshipTroopers'' is ''Film/TheSandsOfIwoJima'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** Etc. You get the picture. To his credit, Heinlein never pretended to make stuff up out of whole cloth, as he had several characters in several books explain at length. (e.g., [[Literature/TheRollingStones Hazel Meade Stone]] explaining that she was going to do an episode of her radio serial as Shakespeare [-IN SPACE-].)
* Creator/JoeHill has referred to ''Literature/TheFireman'' as being "''Literature/TheStand'' soaked in gasoline".
* S. M Stirling:
** ''Literature/ThePeshawarLancers'' is Rudyard Kipling [-AFTER THE END-]!
*** involving a noble family founded by ''Flashman'' -- who could, it is true, successfully survive and escape post-apocalyptic Victorian England though sheer cowardice and get a knighthood from the deal.
** The ''Literature/{{Emberverse}}'' is Myth/KingArthur meets ''Literature/LordOfTheRings'' [-AFTER THE END-]!
* The ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' gives us plenty of examples:
** ''Literature/TheGloveOfDarthVader'' is ''WesternAnimation/CaptainPlanet'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'' is [[AcePilot fighter pilots]] [-IN SPACE-]!
*** One of the comics' long-running subplots is ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' [-IN SPACE-]!, and [-WITH ALIENS THAT TRADITIONALLY HATE EACH OTHER-]! Another of them is the Anastasia mythos with a BoisterousBruiser [[BadassPrincess Princess]] [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''Literature/JediAcademyTrilogy'' (at least the dynamic between Luke and Kyp) is ''Franchise/XMen'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''[[Literature/JediAcademyTrilogy I, Jedi]]'' is FilmNoir [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''Literature/HandOfThrawn'' Duology is a FixFic [-[[ArmedWithCanon IN CANON]]-]! (And also in space.)
** ''Literature/NewJediOrder'' is an alien invasion movie [-IN SPACE-]! and DarkerAndEdgier.
** ''Literature/FateOfTheJedi'' is the Franchise/CthulhuMythos [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/DeathTroopers'' is a ZombieApocalypse [-IN SPACE-]!
*** Specifically, it's ''VideoGame/Left4Dead'' [-IN SPACE-]!
** ''Literature/{{Shatterpoint}}'' is ''Film/ApocalypseNow'' [-WITH JEDI-], ''according to [[Creator/MattStover the author]]''.
** ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'' is Literature/{{Goosebumps}} [-IN SPACE-] and with multi-book plots!
*** ''Spore'' is ''Film/TheThing1982'' PG-rated and [-IN SPACE-]!
** The ''[=MedStar=]'' duology is ''{{Series/Mash}}'' [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Darth Maul Shadow Hunter'' is ''Film/TheTerminator'' [-IN SPACE-]
** ''The Hand of Judgment'' duology (''Literature/{{Allegiance}}'' and ''Literature/ChoicesOfOne'') are ''Series/TheATeam'' [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Scoundrels'' is Film/OceansEleven [-IN SPACE!-]
** ''Agent Of The Empire'' is James Bond [-IN SPACE!-]
* ''Literature/TheSelection'' is ''Literature/TheHungerGames'' [-WITH PRINCESSES!-]
* ''[[Literature/TheRedVixenAdventures Captive of the Red Vixen]]'' is an Age of Sail Romance [-IN SPACE-] with [[TalkingAnimal ANTHROPOMORPHIC FOXES]]!
* ''Literature/NightsideCity'' by LawrenceWattEvans' is a HardboiledDetective mystery, with all the typical attributes of the genre - set on a faraway planet of a future interstellar civilization - and with first-person narrator being Calisle Hsing, a woman detective.
* ''Literature/ASymphonyOfEternity'' is KenBurns Civil War, InSpace, UpToEleven, using {{Magitek}} combined with {{Literature/Flashman}}, Literature/TheThrawnTrilogy with elements of ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' thrown in.
* ''Literature/{{Wolf Breed}}'' is {{Manga/Elfenlied}} in TheMiddleAges [-WITH WEREWOLVES!-]