Basic Trope: A character screws up badly, only to be accepted/promoted because of having experienced this failure.
Straight: Jack activates the bomb too early, rendering it completely useless when it's needed. Jim chooses not to fire him or promotes him, believing that because of this he'll never jump the gun again.
Exaggerated: The explosion not only wasted the time and effort put into the bomb, but killed the entire, extremely valuable bomb squad placing it, yet Jack is promoted to second in command for apologizing.
Downplayed: Jack accidentally spills hot coffee on someone Jim doesn't like. Jim thinks its on purpose and promotes him a single level for this. The organization has dozen of ranks so Jack doesn't go up very far.
Lampshaded: "It was very clever of Jim not to fire Jack after the bomb incident. He's been the most trustworthy guy on his team ever since. Like some freaking movie character."
Invoked: Jack intentionally makes mistakes in hope of being promoted.
Discussed: "Do you think it's clever to give people another chance to prove themselves worthy if they screw up their assignment, big time?" — "Well, I'm no expert in management and employment psychology, but it sounds reasonable enough. Why are you asking? Did any of your kids screw up?"
Conversed: "Don't you just love it how characters in movies or TV shows are never sacked, no matter how bad their screw-up is? In Real Life, their sorry ass would be unemployed in no time."
Deconstructed: Jim's lax attitude toward mistakes makes the whole team lazy and undisciplined.
Okay, so you screwed up the Career Building Blunder link, but I'm going to let you go back there anyway; bet you'll be more careful in future though, right?