* Archer from ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight''... is not an archer. He has a bow that he can use, but he's primarily a swordsman. The same goes for [[spoiler:Gilgamesh]], the Archer from the previous Holy Grail War. WordOfGod has stated either ''could'' have gotten the title of Saber (in each Holy Grail War, there's the same set of seven titles the servants go by), but the Saber who is [[spoiler:King Arthur]] fits it even better, and since they often used their swords [[StormOfBlades as range weapons]] "Archer" was the next best fit.
** This isn't entirely true since unlike Gilgamesh, who more or less uses his weapons in a MoreDakka / MacrossMissileMassacre role, Archer's[[note]][[spoiler:EMIYA]][[/note]] second most powerful ability after ''[[FieldOfBlades Unlimited Blade Works]]'' consists of creating fake Noble Phantasms with his Reinforcement and Projection abilities and then ''[[http://typemoon.wikia.com/wiki/Broken_Phantasm breaking]] and firing'' them from a Compound Bow created from an alloy only found in his original time, giving his role as an Archer a very good fit.
*** FSN Archer's personal combat philosophies are also quite close to the ideal of ''Kyūdō''. Not to mention the attitude which inspired the ''Independent Action'' ability associated with the Archer class being a strong element of characterization in both of the above.
** Assassin from the same series is not an assassin. He is a {{Samurai}} and he never use any dirty trick. Assassin is really a honorable and honest man who prefers one-to-one battles. [[spoiler:There is a reason why a Servant named ''True'' Assassin appears in the Heaven's Feel route.]]
* ''Manga/HidamariSketch'': The page quote is a drunken rant on various misnomers.
** For those still wondering about it, TheOtherWiki has an article on goldfish and most of them are effectively ''not'' golden.
** The bit about blue lights is a reference to the Japanese language. The lowest light's color is often called "ao", which is an old Japanese word that refers to any color from blue to green. They now have specific terms for blue ("ao") and green ("midori") and a lot of shades in between, but "ao" still can be a number of colors. In this case, she's complaining about using the word "ao" when "midori" would be more accurate.
* From ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'':
-->'''Osaka:''' Okay, so, you know how we write "dolphins" as "sea pig"?\\
'''Sakaki:''' Uh-huh.\\
'''Osaka:''' But we use the same character for "pig" in "river pig" and somehow it comes out as "puffer fish", but they live in the sea.
** Suddenly the "ocean bacon" (meant to be a random word combo and Noodle's BerserkButton) in the ''Music/{{Gorillaz}}'' book makes a lot more sense...
** Osaka herself is an example; She doesn't really fit the [[TheIdiotFromOsaka Osakan stereotype]], and isn't even originally from Osaka, but Tomo decided to give her the nickname, and it stuck.
* The weapon names in ''TokyoMewMew'' are usually at least straightforward puns, but the Mew Berry Rod is too small to be a rod and not intended to be used by Mew Berry. And what's the "tone" in Mew Mint's Mintonarrow supposed to mean?
** And the [=StrawBellBell=] ([[SpellMyNameWithAnS or whatever]]) didn't even have a bell originally.
* The name of [[SwissArmyWeapon Raising Heart]] in ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'' doesn't exactly describe the SimpleStaff / BoomStick / BladeOnAStick the main character wields, especially since its design doesn't include any hearts at all. This is due to the name being an [[TheArtifact artifact]] from the original concept of Raising Heart as more traditional heart-shaped MagicalGirl wand with wings. Adding to the problem was Nanoha's memetic fan reputation for [[BewareTheNiceOnes heavy-ordnance fighting]], so many fansubs assumed the weapon had the more appropriate name [[SpellMyNameWithAnS ''Raging'' Heart]]....
** The TSAB stands for "Time-Space Administration Bureau", but the only instances of TimeTravel take place in the AlternateContinuity of ''VideoGame/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaAsPortable'' and the Bureau is not directly involved in them. It could be better translated as Dimensional or Space-Time Administration/Administrative Bureau, but there are... [[FunWithAcronyms problems with one of those]]. This is confirmed in the official English subs of the ''Nanoha'' movies released by Seven Arcs, with Dimension Administration Bureau being the name of TheFederation.
** Signum's SignatureMove ''Shiden Issen'' is translated as "Purple Lightning Flash". It's not purple. And it's a ''[[PlayingWithFire fire-elemental]]'' [[FlamingSword sword slash]]. Later in ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS'', she teaches it to Erio. His version is a [[ShockAndAwe lightning-elemental]] [[ElementalPunch punch]]; however, it's not purple either; it's [[YellowLightningBlueLightning blue, then yellow, then blue again after the attack is over]].
** Another example is Signum's ''[[FinishingMove Sturmfalken]]'' which is German for "Storm Falcon." It's ranged attack from a bow which explodes upon contact with the enemy. It doesn't have any relation to storms or winds and the magical arrow doesn't even transform into a bird.
** ''Manga/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaVivid'' gives us Vivio Takamachi's device Sacred Heart, a plush bunny without any heart-shaped markings and is not a holy item. This, however, is justified as she named the device after Nanoha's Raising Heart. There is also Miura Rinaldi, a mage who was trained by the Wolkenritter, and her ''Sword Draw'' techniques, which do not involve swords or rapidly taking out any form of weapon. She executes them [[KickChick using her legs]] [[ArmedLegs which has magical blades.]]
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' A rather blatant example: Kabutowari is a hammer and axe linked by a cable. It's referred to as the "bluntsword" and counts as one of the Seven Swords of the Ninja Swordsmen of the Mist.
* There is a species of ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' called "Flymon" even though they're really closer to bees. In fairness, they do, in fact, fly.
** A DubNameChange inflicts this on Anomalocarimon, renaming him into Scorpiomon despite the fact that he looks nothing like a scorpion beside the tail and clearly being based on some variety of prehistoric crustacean.
* ''Anime/TransformersArmada'': The Star Sabre has nothing to do with stars. The Skyboom Shield neither flies nor goes 'boom'. The Requiem Blaster is very loud when fired. Who named these things?
** Also, the [[Anime/TransformersCybertron Cyber Planet Keys]] are not actually keys, nor does the Omega Lock lock anything.
*** Many such oddities make more sense from [[MerchandiseDriven a toy collector's perspective]]. Cyber Keys, for instance, are roughly key-shaped and are used to ''unlock'' various gimmicks. As for the Omega Lock, once all four keys are in place and it's put into its proper place in a temple on Cybertron, it ''unlocks'' [[spoiler:the planet, allowing it to awaken and transform into the god Primus.]]
** Some Franchise/{{Transformers}} are named for features that later incarnations won't have. Armada Smokescreen doesn't have smoke (though he did once activate such a feature in the Autobots' base... something anyone could've done.) Energon Sixshot doesn't have ''anything'' to do with the number six (the original Sixshot had six forms, though the 'shot' is ''still'' a misnomer.) Cybertron Crosswise's name has nothing to do with him, though he is a 'monster hunter' and some monsters don't like crosses... but that's ''really'' stretching it. The first use of the name was with a guy in ''Anime/TransformersRobotsInDisguise'' who had a big X on his car hood. G1 Ramjet? An F-15, which doesn't use a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramjet ramjet]]. The list goes on and on.
** Ramjet's name actually suits him pretty well, considering his penchant for ramming other aircraft out of the sky.
* In ''LightNovel/KoreWaZombieDesuKa'', [[MagicalGirl Haruna]] has a FinishingMove called Mystletainn Kick, which consists of bisecting the opponent with her chainsaw (which at the very least is called Mystletainn). Everyone on the receiving end [[PhraseCatcher responds with]] "[[{{Lampshaded}} That's not a kick!]]"
* Justin Law of ''Manga/SoulEater'' has an attack named "Law Abiding Silver Gun", which is not a gun but a guillotine blade . The name makes no sense except as a ShoutOut to ''BIchi'', which had a weapon of the same which ''was'' a gun.
* The Snipers in ''Anime/{{EL}}'', who don't ever appear to do any actual sniping in the [=OVAs=], and in fact mostly just use pistols while running around and doing ordinary police work. Though it's possible that The ''Serial Rapists'', while more accurate, wouldn't have gone over as well with the public.
* Tuxedo Mask of ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' technically does not actually wear a tuxedo; he wears ''white tie and tails'', which is more formal. By definition, a tuxedo (or "dinner suit") has a black bow tie and a suit-style jacket rather than a tailcoat. And either way, it's not a mask. ("Tuxedo Mask" is a straight translation of "Tuxedo Kamen", owing to a long history of super-hero types with "blank"-kamen names.[[/note]] For the purposes of this series however, he is wearing a "tuxedo" and a "kamen/mask".
** Sailor Pluto of ''Anime/SailorMoon'' has an attack called "Dead Scream." While she does represent the planet named after the mythological King of the Dead, she initiates her attack by saying the phrase in a normal to low-volume voice.
** Similarly, Sailor Saturn has an attack called "Silent Wall." Her planet is called the planet of silence, but she initiates her attack by screaming the phrase.
* ''SchoolRumble'' is described by Creator/{{FUNimation}} as "The absolute funniest show you'll ever see that's not about anything that rumbles... ever!", although admittedly there ''is'' at least a school...
* In ''GundamAGE'', the [[SpellMyNameWithAnS DOTS/DODS]] Rifle is an upgraded Beam Rifle which adds... rifling, meaning that "beam rifle" is a non-indicative name.
* ''{{Manga/Bleach}}'':
** Starrk has the theme and appearance of a cowboy gunslinger. Despite his name being ''Coyote'' Starrk, his AnimalMotif is the wolf. His background is that of a lone wolf who desperately wants to be part of the pack and his power, Los Lobos ("The Wolves"), allows him to split his souls into both companions and an entire pack of soul wolf weapons.
** "Gerifalte" is Spanish for "gyrfalcon" but [[{{Anime}} Patros's]] true form barely looks like one.
** Jabalý supposedly means "boar". Aldegor's anything but boar-like.
* Zaku Zaku Hour on ''Anime/SDGundamForce'', lasting barely five minutes per episode.
* For those not familiar with ''Anime/{{Yatterman}}'', you see [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/yatta4_5363.gif that girl on the left in this image]]? Her name isn't Yatterwoman, nor is it Yattergirl. She's known as Yatter'''man'''-2. It could be reasoned that the "man" in this case is short for "''hu''man", but it's still somewhat confusing.
** This is an issue that dates back to at least ''Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman'', another superhero team whose name ends in "man" but includes a woman.
** Or many of the older ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series, for that matter. But [[Series/DengekiSentaiChangeman Changepeople]] or [[Series/ChoushinseiFlashman Flashpeople]] doesn't sound as catchy.
* Pirate crews in ''Manga/OnePiece'' are often named after their captains, but more confusingly, sometimes named after a characteristic of the captain that not everyone in the crew shares. The main characters, the Straw Hat Pirates, are an example, as only Luffy, its captain, frequently wears a straw hat. Another example would be the Red-Haired Pirates, named after the captain's red hair (not everyone in the crew is a redhead). There are also pirate captains whose names are also normal words that can lead to incorrect assumptions about the crews, such as the Kid Pirates (not actually children, but run by Eustass Kid) and the Buggy Pirates (no relation to glitchiness or automobiles, but has Buggy the Clown as its leader).
* ''Teekyuu!'' focuses on a tennis club (''teekyuu'' meaning "tennis") that does everything except ''actually play tennis.'' At least one character lampshades this.
* Mr. Satan from ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' is actually a pretty nice guy.
** Likewise, [[ArcVillain Frieza/Freeza]] doesn't have [[AnIcePerson power over ice.]]
* For a series called ''Anime/KillLaKill'', there is very little killing happening. There is a lot of murderous intent and a truckload of violence, but after a student is offed in the first episode's ColdOpen, no more onscreen deaths occur until [[spoiler:the next-to-last episode]].
* Alphonse in ''Manga/FullMetalAlchemist'' is indeed an alchemist who is fully made of metal, but the title is in reference to his brother Edward, who has only one automail arm and leg. This is lampshaded early on when people assume Alphonse is the Fullmetal Alchemist.
** Less apparent in English, but the Japanese term for alchemy in ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' literally means "the art of gold transmutation", which is (almost) never done throughout the series, due to it being illegal to prevent economic chaos.
* The title of ''Thou Shalt Not Die'' comes of as a highly ironic title due to [[AnyoneCanDie characters dropping like flies]] as well as [[Creator/TaroYoko the series creator's]] [[KillEmAll reputation]].