[[caption-width-right:350:Truckin', circa 1970. Left to right: Bill Kreutzmann, Ron "Pigpen" [=McKernan=], Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Mickey Hart, Phil Lesh.]]

The Grateful Dead were a six-piece group formed in UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco in the [[TheSixties mid-1960s]], best known for their improvisatory style of rock music, taking elements of PsychedelicRock, CountryMusic, FolkMusic, {{Blues}} and whatever else they thought would fit. Essentially, they were the godfathers of the Jam Band genre. They appeared at the now famous Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and the even more famous original {{Woodstock}} festival in 1969 (however, band members admit they weren't at top form at either one), and have a reputation for long tours and musically exploratory shows where one song often blends into another.

The line-up was Jerry Garcia (lead guitar), Bob Weir (rhythm guitar), Phil Lesh (bass), Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzmann (drums - yes, two drummers, folks!) and a succession of keyboardists starting with Ron "Pigpen" [=McKernan=]. Garcia and Weir were the primary vocalists in the group and were as different as night and day; while Garcia had a wispy, almost fragile sounding voice, Weir was best known for some of the group's most raucous rock and roll "shouters" and his fondness for "cowboy songs". Most of the band's songs were collaborations between Garcia and lyricist Robert Hunter, though Weir contributed many as well, particularly with the help of lyricist John Perry Barlow. They also had an enormous library of covers, especially traditional Americana and blues, plus more modern country and rock pieces.

The Dead are probably as famous for their fanbase as they are for their music. The [[FanCommunityNickNames Deadheads]], as they're known, were so dedicated that many of them would follow the band on tour for extended stretches of time, and [[KeepCirculatingTheTapes trade tapes of past concerts]]. This latter practice was encouraged by the group. Since the Dead never worked from a show-to-show set list, trading tapes became to the Deadheads the ideal way to experience the music short of attending a concert live. Compounding this is that many consider the recordings of their songs from the original albums often pale to live versions of the same song, though some albums, notably ''Music/AmericanBeauty'' and ''Workingman's Dead'', are still considered classics. The Dead toured every year of their existence except 1975, drawing millions of fans, both hardcore touring "heads" and casual listeners across the country. In spite of this cult popularity, the Grateful Dead were never quite as famous or mainstream as many of their peers of the period. In 1987, the band scored the sole US Top 40 hit in their long career, "[[BlackSheepHit Touch of Grey]]", a catchy pop tune that had the odd side effect of turning their erstwhile cult into a stadium-filling circus for the rest of their career. This later period was a time of ups and downs, as the band were playing bigger shows than ever, but the influx of new fans led to some unfortunate incidents at shows. Keyboardist Brent Mydland died of a drug overdose, and Garcia's own health and addictions fluctuated wildly until his [[AuthorExistenceFailure death]] in 1995.

The band formally dissolved in the wake of Jerry Garcia's demise, though members will occasionally reunite for special occasions. Culturally, outside of their music, the band's most famous impact is arguably the Ben & Jerry's ice cream flavor "Cherry Garcia," the company's best-selling flavor, which was briefly made with black cherries after his passing. Selected songs from their studio albums are also available for download in the video game ''VideoGame/RockBand'' (incidentally, several programmers have expressed that Grateful Dead songs in particular are a serious pain to chart).

After Garcia's death and the Dead's disbandment, a band from Vermont called Music/{{Phish}}, which had existed for about ten years and had already started to become popular with college crowds, became [[SpiritualSuccessor the de facto jam band for people to follow]]. However, Phish and The Dead have very different sounds as fans of either band will point out - while both psychedelic bands, the Dead was more country, blues and folk influenced, while Phish found their influences in jazz and alternative rock.

!! Studio Album Discography
* ''The Grateful Dead'' (1967)
* ''Music/AnthemOfTheSun'' (1968)
* ''Aoxomoxoa'' (1969)
* ''Workingman's Dead'' (1970)
* ''Music/AmericanBeauty'' (1970)
* ''Wake of the Flood'' (1973)
* ''Skeletons from the Closet: The Best of the Grateful Dead'' (1974) (a GreatestHitsAlbum)
* ''Grateful Dead from the Mars Hotel'' (1974)
* ''Blues for Allah'' (1975)
* ''Terrapin Station'' (1977)
* ''What a Long Strange Trip It's Been'' (1977) (another GreatestHitsAlbum)
* ''Shakedown Street'' (1978)
* ''Go To Heaven'' (1980)
* ''In The Dark'' (1987)
* ''Built To Last'' (1989)

!! Live Albums released during the band's career
* ''Live/Dead'' (1969)
* ''Grateful Dead'' (1971, also known as ''Skull and Roses'' to avoid confusion with their debut studio album)
* ''Europe '72'' (1972)
* ''The History of the Grateful Dead: Volume One - Bear's Choice'' (1973)
* ''Steal Your Face'' (1976)
* ''Reckoning'' (1981)
* ''Dead Set'' (1981)
* ''[[Music/BobDylan Dylan]] & The Dead'' (1989)
* ''Without A Net'' (1990)
* ''Infrared Roses'' (1991)
* ''Hundred Year Hall'' (1995)

!! Notable live albums released after the band's disbandment
* ''Dozin' At the Knick'' (1996)
* ''Fallout from the Phil Zone'' (1997)
* ''Live at the Fillmore East 2-11-69'' (1997)
* ''Nightfall of Diamonds'' (2001)
* ''Go to Nassau'' (2002)
* ''The Closing of Winterland'' (2003)
* ''Rockin' the Rhein with the Grateful Dead'' (2004)
* ''Truckin' Up to Buffalo'' (2005)
* ''Live at the Cow Palace'' (2007)
* ''Rocking the Cradle: Egypt 1978'' (2008)
* ''To Terrapin: Hartford '77'' (2009)
* ''Crimson White & Indigo'' (2010)

There's also the ''Dick's Picks'' series of retrospective live albums which feature whole concerts personally selected by the band's tape archivist Dick Latvala (and after his death in 1999, David Lemieux), which started in 1993. After signing to Rhino Records in the mid-2000's, ''Dick's Picks'' was discontinued and replaced with the ''Road Trips'' series, which is just the same thing with a different name.
!! What a long, strange trope it's been:
* AerithAndBob: Jerry, Bob, Phil, Bill... and Pigpen.
* TheBandMinusTheFace: The "Grateful Dead" name was retired after Jerry Garcia's death, but various surviving members have continued to perform the band's music under other names since then, including "The Dead", "The Other Ones", "Furthur", and "Dead & Company", an incarnation fronted by Music/JohnMayer.
* Creator/TheBeatGeneration: A major influence.
* CompanyTown: "Cumberland Blues"
* DeadArtistsAreBetter: When Jerry Garcia passed away, not only was there increased demand for the albums, but also for his line of men's ties and even Ben & Jerry's "Cherry Garcia" ice cream, which had existed since the mid-'80s and went from being one of its better selling flavors to the brand's biggest selling flavor of all time.
* DemBones: a common theme in their artwork, the most famous being their "Skull and Roses" logo (based on an illustration from the book RubaiyatOfOmarKhyyam) and the Touch of Grey video.
* DisproportionateRetribution: see OldShame for details. ''Steal Your Face'' was two disks totalling about 84 minutes of material. ''The Grateful Dead Movie'' Soundtrack was five disks, adding 300 more minutes of material from that era.
* DrugsAreBad: Yes, the Grateful Dead, of all bands, have an example of this trope. Casey Jones crashes the locomotive because he is high on cocaine. There's also a rueful reference to "living on reds, Vitamin C, and cocaine" in "Truckin'".
* EpicRocking: Most of their songs are epic jams of several minutes of length; in concert, the group often strung several songs together into a single jam that could run nearly an hour in length.
* GreatestHitsAlbum: Thanks to their lengthy tenure, they have ''four''.
* GriefSong: "Birdsong", "Cassidy"
* {{Improv}}: The band is known for their long epic jams, which is also why they were better appreciated during live concerts.
* LongRunnerLineUp: Type 2: Jerry Garcia, Bob Weir, Brent Mydland, Phil Lesh, Bill Kreutzmann, and Mickey Hart for 11 years, from 1979-1990.
* {{Mascot}}: The group has several, most notably a group of rainbow-colored dancing bears, a skeleton draped in roses, and "Stealie" the red-white-and-blue skull.
* ObligatoryBondageSong: "Hell in a Bucket"
* OfficiallyShortenedTitle: (The Grateful Dead) - (Jerry Garcia) = (The Dead).
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Ron "Pigpen" [=McKernan=].
* OurGhostsAreDifferent: The story that they found their name by one of them opening a dictionary are true. It was a folklore dictionary. "The grateful dead" or "the grateful dead man" occurs in fairy tales where the hero arranges for a stranger's funeral, usually with the last of his money, and is joined by a companion who saves the day and often marries him off to a princess before revealing that he is the ghost of the man who was buried.
* PsychedelicRock: One of the most famous groups in this genre.
* PyramidPower: The reason they did a concert at the pyramids of Giza, during a 1978 solar eclipse.
* RevolvingDoorBand: At least when it came to keyboard players.
* RockstarSong: "Truckin'"
* ScareChord: The post-drum duet jam from ''The Closing of Winterland'' concert has a Scare Thunderclap, which is very jarring if the sound is turned up.
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: The band was scheduled to play at Altamont, but bailed after hearing that Marty Balin of Music/JeffersonAirplane was knocked out trying to break up a fight between the Hell's Angels Music/TheRollingStones had hired to do security and the audience, as seen in the ''Film/GimmeShelter'' documentary.
* SiameseTwinSongs: "Ripple" -> "Brokedown Palace". Also, they would do this ''a lot'' when playing live, to the point where "Scarlet Begonias" and "Fire on the Mountain" are usually indexed as the same track, and in the February 13, 1970, show, they played three consecutive songs ("Dark Star", "That's It for the Other One", "Turn On Your Love Light") that lasted a combined ''ninety minutes''.
* SixthRanger: Despite not actually being a member of the band, Robert Hunter was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the band in 1994, due to his importance as the band's primary lyricist.
** The only member of the band ''not'' inducted as a band member also counts as a Sixth Ranger. Bruce Hornsby (a Grammy-winning musician [[PromotedFanboy and Deadhead]]), who was the band's keyboardist on-and-off during their last few years (he was, however, the band's induction presenter during the ceremony).
* SoloSideProject: Guitarist Jerry Garcia released several solo albums, and also had several side projects, including Saunders and Garcia (rock and funk), Old and In the Way (bluegrass), and Wales and Garcia (free jazz). All this while still remaining a member of The Grateful Dead.
* SomethingBlues: About a dozen different songs.
* SpellMyNameWithAThe: Averted; there is no "The" in the band's official name, even though it's almost always used when referring to them colloquially. Look at pretty much any album sleeve, though, and it won't be there.
* StrawVulcan: The soldier in "Terrapin Station".
* TheChick: Donna Godchaux, backing vocalist and wife of keyboardist, Keith Godchaux
* TrainSong: "Casey Jones", written about the legendary machinist Casey Jones who prevented a train accident, but lost his own life as a result.
* UncommonTime: "Uncle John's Band" contains a riff in 7/4 (including the passage that closes off the song), and also frequently skips a beat during the verses, inserting a measure of 3/4 into passages that are otherwise in CommonTime.
* ViolentlyProtectiveGirlfriend: In their version of "Stagger Lee".
* WanderlustSong: "Friend of the Devil".
* WordSaladLyrics: "China Cat Sunflower"