[[caption-width-right:350:From left to right: Fredrik Thordendaal, Tomas Haake, Jens Kidman, Mårten Hagström, and Dick Lövgren]]
Meshuggah[[note]]taken from ''meshuga'', the Yiddish and Hebrew word for "crazy"[[/note]] is a Swedish metal band formed in 1987. They are well-known for their signature musical style, which involves [[ThreeChordsAndTheTruth lots of chugging]], [[UncommonTime complex, polymetered song structures]], loud, [[EpicRiff savage, bass-heavy riffing]], [[NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly unusual compositions]] and precise musicianship. Meshuggah has found little mainstream success as yet, but is a significant act in extreme underground music and has received significant critical acclaim.

Since its formation, Meshuggah has released seven studio albums, five [=EPs=] and eight music videos. The band has performed in various international festivals, including Ozzfest and Download, and embarked on the ''obZen'' world tour in 2008.

'''Current lineup''':
* Jens Kidman – lead vocals (1987–present), rhythm guitar (1987–1992)
* Fredrik Thordendal – lead guitar, backing vocals (1987–present), lead vocals (1987-1992) (has not toured with the band since 2017)
* Tomas Haake – drums, spoken word (1990–present)
* Mårten Hagström – rhythm guitar, backing vocals (1993–present)
* Dick Lövgren – bass (2004–present)

'''Past members''':
* Niklas Lundgren – drums (1987–1990)
* Peter Nordin – bass (1987–1995)
* Gustaf Hielm – bass (1995–2001)

'''Live members''':
* [[Music/ScarSymmetry Per Nilsson]] - lead guitar (2017-present)

'''Studio albums''':
* ''Contradictions Collapse'' (1991)
* ''Destroy Erase Improve'' (1995)
* ''Chaosphere'' (1998)
* ''Nothing'' (2002)
* ''Catch Thirtythree'' (2005)
* ''[=obZen=]'' (2008)
* ''Koloss'' (2012)
* ''The Violent Sleep of Reason'' (2016)

!!Tropes that apply to Meshuggah:

* AnimatedMusicVideo: "I Am Colossus".
* BaldOfAwesome: Jens Kidman. [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7e/Meshuggah_Kidman2_2008_Prague.jpg/776px-Meshuggah_Kidman2_2008_Prague.jpg Take a look.]]
* BreatherEpisode: Each album except ''Chaosphere'' and ''The Violent Sleep of Reason'' has at least one of these, whether it's a full song, or just part of a song.
** ''Contradictions Collapse'' - the first minute of "Choirs of Devastation"
** ''Destroy Erase Improve'' - "Acrid Placidity"
** ''Nothing'' - the clean interlude before the final verse of "Closed Eye Visuals"; the second half of "Straws Pulled at Random"; the first few minutes of "Obsidian"
** ''Catch Thirtythree'' - "Mind's Mirrors", the second half of "In Death/Is Death", the end of "Sum"
** ''obZen'' - The clean interlude before the solo part of "Bleed" and the breakdown of "Lethargica"
** ''Koloss'' - The first lead break in "Break Those Bones Whose Sinews Gave It Motion" and "The Last Vigil"
* CarefulWithThatAxe: Uncommon, but not unheard of. "I", from the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kBEUTntgMOI eponymous EP]], has Jens screaming at the top of his voice while the music suddenly shifts into noisegrind territory. The sudden shift occurs at 1:33, right after the intro riff.
* CoolShades: The band wears them offstage, most notably in their video for "New Millennium Cyanide Christ"
* CoverVersion: {{Averted|Trope}}; they made a remix for "Benzin" by Music/{{Rammstein}} with completely re-worked drum and guitar parts, completely abandoning the industrial vibe of the original song for dark and slow and downtuned groove metal riffs.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: ''Contradictions Collapse'' and the preceding self-titled EP are basically ThrashMetal with some progressive elements, as opposed to the complex and eclectic sound showcased on later works. Also, Jens Kidman's vocals are different, being a slightly raspy shout as opposed to the strident roar he's known for.
* EpicRocking: Plenty of songs, especially more recent ones. ''Catch Thirtythree'' and the ''I'' EP are the longest songs, the former being split into multiple segments
* HeroicRROD: Tomas Haake. Considered a near-rival to Music/YoshikiHayashi of Music/XJapan when it comes to [[AllDrummersAreAnimals extreme, manic and relentless drumming]], as he would often put his drumming abilities to the test when recording and in live performances. Several of his noteworthy efforts include "Bleed" from ''obZen'' and the more recent "The Demon's Name is Surveillance" and "The Hurt That Finds You First" from ''Koloss''.
* LastNoteNightmare:
** "Spasm" is an oddity compared to the rest of ''Nothing''. The guitars are tuned lower, and the song lacks much of the angularity and aggressiveness of the other songs. Combing with Haake's robotic, breathy vocals, it gets downright hypnotic, and almost serene...then the final measures kick in, bringing everything into discord with each other.
** Close to 60% of "Elastic" from ''Chaosphere'' is a long, drawn-out LastNoteNightmare that consists of repeated riffs that come right out of nowhere, a very long, droning guitar note, followed by the final measures that consist of ''[[ScareChord every riff in the album played all at once]]''.
* LoudnessWar: Most of their albums are clipped. It's worse on some than on others, though.
* {{Mascot}}: [[http://www.lowbird.com/data/images/2010/07/mesh-coverxl.jpg This guy.]]
* MetalScream: Jens' vocals are usually strained, very pissed-off Type 1 screams, though he also ha s a very high affinity for very loud and [[IncrediblyLongNote incredibly long]] Type 3 shrieks.
* MindScrew: The band's concept and lyrical themes.
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: Usually at 10-11. Sometimes crosses into 9 territory. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gy7SlJMWn_s The aptly named "Mayhem" version of Future Breed Machine]] may be the hardest song they've ever made, at a very hard 11. This is thanks to the much sludgier feel of the song compared to the original, along with the heavy industrial elements and of course, Jens' constant throat-shredding shrieks.
* MotorMouth: Kidman. Haake too, during his spoken word parts.
* NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly[=/=]GenreBusting: Aside from just "metal", the band's genre causes quite a lot of confusion. DeathMetal? ThrashMetal? GrooveMetal? ProgressiveMetal? Djent? They've also been referred to as "math metal" and even "{{avant garde metal}}". Guitarist Martin Hagstrom and drummer Tomas Haake are known to prefer the label "[[AvantGardeMetal experimental metal]]".
* OneLetterTitle: The ''I'' EP.
* OutOfGenreExperience: The ''Chaosphere'' album brought in a lot of HarshNoise and IndustrialMetal elements, many (but not all) of which were dropped on their following releases.
* PissTakeRap: Jens was pretty close to this trope in "Ritual" from "None" EP.
* RuleOfFunny: The music video for "New Millennium Cyanide Christ," a song about a man who sacrifices his humanity to become a [[ClarkesThirdLaw sufficiently advanced cyborg]], and seeks to reshape the whole world in his hellish image, which has a music video consisting of Hagstrom, Thordendal and Hielm air-guitaring, Haake air-drumming, and Kidman lip-synching(badly) into an ink pen, all while wearing ridiculous sunglasses on their tour bus. They reportedly were extremely drunk at the time.
* ScaryMusicianHarmlessMusic: {{Inverted|Trope}}; aside from the weird faces they make in pictures sometimes, they overall seem like pretty harmless, down-to-earth guys, and [[HumansAreBastards despite]] their lyrics, they do have a sense of humor and a highly positive outlook. But their music is dark, crushing, incomprehensible, and almost inhuman.
* SerialEscalation: Trying to follow the polyrhythms in many Meshuggah songs is extremely difficult, and gets even more difficult as you go from song to song. There was once an article written in ''Music Theory Spectrum'' magazine which dissected the structure of just the main riff of "Rational Gaze," and the first three minutes of "I." The article was over 20 pages long, and had almost a dozen diagrams.
* ShoutOut: The title of the song "Break Those Bones Whose Sinews Gave It Motion" comes from a line by Nobel Peace Prize winner Albert Schweitzer.
--> "Revenge... is like a rolling stone, which, when a man hath forced up a hill, will return upon him with a greater violence, and ''break those bones whose sinews gave it motion.''"
* SignatureStyle: Metalheads frequently cite the band as the TropeMaker for djent; the genre's name itself being derived from the sound of their signature palm-muted and heavily-bent guitar riffs. The band, however, has done everything from slow and heavy GrooveMetal with sparse beats akin to Music/{{Pantera}}'s slower material and arrythmic, discordant and extremely noisy metal with loads of chugging, atonal leadwork, and digital effects.
* SpokenWordInMusic: Drummer Tomas Haake dominates this trope [[MotorMouth in an unholy fashion]]. Some examples can be listened in songs like "Spasm", "The Exquisite Machinery of Torture" and "Dancers to a Discordant System".
* StepUpToTheMicrophone: played straight with Haake's spoken-word parts, {{Averted|Trope}} with Kirk Hammett's guest solo on one of the live performances of "Bleed".
* SurprisinglyGentleSong: "Acrid Placidity","Unanything" and "The Last Vigil". All of them are instrumentals.
* TitleTrack: "obZen" and "Violent Sleep of Reason".
* ThreeChordsAndTheTruth: They have written songs with only two or three ''notes''.
* TropeMaker: For {{Djent}}
* UncommonTime: Frequently considered the rivals to Music/{{Tool}} in taking this trope UpToEleven. According to Hagström, they're not that big on odd time signatures. Almost all of their music is based on a 4/4 centre, no matter how far out the rhythms wander; "Dancers to a Discordant System" was written in 6/8 and "Spasm" is in 7/4. That being said, they are no doubt masters of polyrhythms; [[http://www.scribd.com/doc/6375990/Re-casting-Metal-Rhythm-and-Meter-in-the-Music-of-Meshuggah this article]] barely scratches the surface. Most of the odd feeling of their songs comes from their unique style: all the guitar and bass is played in rhythm with the drum parts.
* UpdatedRerelease: A rare ''musical'' example of this (besides the standard reissues with bonus tracks that nearly every band has): The ''Nothing'' album was re-released with rerecorded guitars, new programmed drum tracks, and some other minor changes because the band was dissatisfied with the production of the initial release.
* VocalTagTeam: [[HarshVocals Kidman]] and [[SpokenWordInMusic Haake]].
* WordSaladLyrics: They sometime use too much jargon that would [[SesquipedalianLoquaciousness normally make no sense]] to most listeners.
* XtremeKoolLetterz: "Rare Trax", compilation album of unreleased songs.