John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 July 17, 1967) was a legendary American saxophonist. His bold, aggressive saxophone style was hugely influential in the avant-garde jazz scene of the early '60s and late in the free jazz scene of the mid to late '60s. Unfortunately, he died at a very young age in 1967, after a series of extremely experimental albums. His legacy includes being worshipped as a saint, and even by some as a deity, but more prosaically, he's still one of the most influential musicians of his generation in that it took at least two generations before sax players didn't automatically try to emulate him.

!! Albums by Coltrane with their own page:

* 1957 - ''Music/BlueTrain''
* 1960 - ''Music/GiantSteps''
* 1961 - ''Music/MyFavoriteThings''
* 1965 - ''Music/ALoveSupreme''

!! Coltrane provides examples of:

* AllHailTheGreatGodMickey: Venerated as a saint by the St. John William Church, founded in 1971. Since 1982 they are actually part of the African Orthodox Church.
* CoverAlbum: ''Music/MyFavoriteThings'' is a collection of standards. This is common for jazz artists, but less so for the less conventional Coltrane.
* {{Crossover}}: His album with Music/DukeEllington was conceived by his label as an attempt to reassure his listeners that he wasn't going completely avant-garde, but both he and Ellington were such good musicians that the result is one of the best things that either of them ever did.
* EpicRocking: While he'd always had tendencies of this, it ''really'' became his specialty towards the end of his life. He started with ''Ascension,'' which consisted of a single forty-minute track, and didn't look back. The peak of his use of this trope is with the album ''Live in Japan,'' where the ''shortest'' song is twenty-five minutes long and three of them are ''longer'' than ''Ascension,'' with two of them nearing an hour. The album is on four discs despite containing only six tracks.
** Earlier signs of this tendency emerged in his tenure with Music/MilesDavis, who chided Coltrane about his long solos. Trane protested that he didn't know how to stop; Miles suggested [[CaptainObvious taking the horn out of his mouth]].
* GodIsLoveSongs: Coltrane was a deeply religious man who had interests in several religions, among them Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism. He incorporated musical sounds from these cultures in his own music and recorded an entire album, ''Music/ALoveSupreme'' devoted to his love for God.
* ImpracticalMusicalInstrumentSkills: Towards the end of his career, Coltrane began to exhibit a vocal version, pounding his chest to effect his voice during his occasional vocal spot.
* InHarmonyWithNature: As he explained himself:
--> ''All a musician can do is get closer to the sources of nature, and so feel that he is in communion with the natural laws.''
* InscrutableOriental: Coltrane's music became more spiritual and inspired by Asian traditional music from the Middle East and India during TheSixties.
* OneWomanSong: "Naima."
* PatronSaint: See above. The Saint John Will-I-Am Coltrane African Orthodox Church in San Francisco celebrates a three-hour mass every Sunday, incorporating Orthodox liturgy with improvised music in the Coltrane tradition.
* ThePerfectionist: Had incredibly high standards for his music. He practiced for hours at a time, a habit that bewildered his bandleader MilesDavis, who could be arduously demanding himself. Coltrane would develop his technique in excruciating detail, sometimes searching for weeks just to find a mouthpiece that suited his taste. Some psychologists have hypothesized that this was a symptom of [[SuperOCD obsessive compulsive disorder]], while devotees have pointed out that such extremes may have been quite reasonable for a musician of Coltrane's caliber.
* TrainSong: "Blue Train."
* WorldMusic: Later in his career Coltrane's work became more inspired by Arabian and Indian music. He even named his son Ravi after Music/RaviShankar.