-> '''Obi Wan:''' That boy is our last hope.\\
'''Yoda:''' No. There is another.
-->-- ''[[Film/TheEmpireStrikesBack Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back]]''

So, you are a writer, and you establish, for the purposes of building up drama and depth, that a character is the LastOfHisKind. However, this severely restricts the options available to you, especially if we have previously seen others of his kind, [[EverybodysDeadDave who are now, obviously, gone]].

Therefore, very often, at least for the heroic sort, it will eventually turn out that he's ''not'' really the LastOfHisKind after all, and his fellows have either been secreted away or [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence ascended to a higher plane of existence]], or new ones have come into being somehow. Unless this is revealed in the GrandFinale or when the character is PutOnABus, this revelation will either prove a MacGuffin (as the character will now be driven to actually [[QuestForTheRest find and reunite with his fellows]]), or be conveniently removed by a ResetButton (for example, these other survivors will be killed, or permanently sealed away in another dimension for their own protection, turning out to be a dream, ChuckCunninghamSyndrome or whatnot), as being reunited with his people pretty much cancels out the character type. See SailorEarth for when a fanfiction writer creates this type of character.

Compare: TheChosenMany, TheLastManHeardAKnock.


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Michel in ''Manga/MermaidMelodyPichiPichiPitch'' [[spoiler:is kept from realizing the existence of other Ancients by Fuku, the ''real'' ManBehindTheMan (as opposed to the fake, the Great One), as they would spoil his delusions of turning the world into a flying fish-ridden {{Mordor}}.]]
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'': Uryuu Ishida is introduced as the LastOfHisKind until it's revealed his father is the official Last Quincy, a full master of every Quincy technique but refuses to use his power for mysterious reasons. Uryuu is therefore the last practicing Quincy, Ryuuken the last (retired) master. [[spoiler: Then it's revealed the Vandenreich Quincies existed in secret and have abandoned the old ways. Uryuu is the last practitioner, and Ryuuken the last master, of the old ways. Then it's revealed Ichigo is half-Quincy because his mother was Ryuuken's cousin.]]
* ''Manga/DeathNote'' features an unusual mundane use of this trope. [[spoiler:After L's death, Light assumes he now has free reign to be the God of the new world, as L was the only detective smart enough to outmaneuver him. Indeed, he was one step away from proving Light was Kira before his death. Light's plans are ultimately wrecked by the appearance of Mello and Near, who had been raised as L's potential successors, and who quickly deduce that Light is Kira because his increasingly complex plans could only possibly have been executed by the head of the Japanese Task Force.]]
** A better application of this trope would be the introduction of Misa, the second Kira.
* Interestingly, Goku is this in ''Anime/DragonBallZ''. While working on a difficult job for Freeza, Raditz remembers that his long-lost brother was sent away to a distant planet before their home planet was destroyed, so he and the other two remaining Saiyans, Nappa and Prince Vegeta, decide to recruit him to help out. The series does stick to Goku, Vegeta, Raditz and Nappa as the only survivors, however, and besides some HalfHumanHybrid children, no other pure-blood Saiyans are introduced in the main series. Long-lost Saiyan survivors sent to backwater planets serve as a common character type in both the non-canon movies and fanfiction, though.
** Played straight later on in the form of Tarble, Vegeta's younger brother introduced in the OVA ''Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!'' He was sent away because he lacked the BloodKnight tendencies of the other Saiyans, but comes to Earth to get his brother to help defeat some of Freeza's former minions. But aside from a brief mention in ''[[Anime/DragonBallZBattleOfGods Battle of Gods]]'', he hasn't been seen since.
** The [[NonSerialMovie Non-Serial Movies]] also introduce a few more Saiyans: Turles, Goku's evil IdenticalStranger, and Legendary Super Saiyan Broly and his father Paragus, but they are generally considered non-canon.
** Piccolo receives a version of this when he learns that he's part of the Namekian Race. Kami, who shares a soul with him (due to Piccolo splitting off from him), notes that since he/they came to Earth when they were young, they had little to no memory of their home planet. Since the reason they were sent away was because of a great cataclysm, there was no reason for Kami to believe that there were any survivors beyond him. [[spoiler: Furthermore, there were apparently different clans of Namekians, with only the Dragon Clan being able to create Dragonballs. Unfortunately, only a handful of them were left on Namek, and Freeza now has knowledge of this too...]]
** Likewise averted in ''Dragon Ball Online'', a far-future video game sequel (sadly [[NoExportForYou not likely to come to the US]]) made with [[WordOfGod story input from]] Creator/AkiraToriyama. Goku and Vegeta are unable to find enough Saiyan survivors to save their race (whether they are able to find ANY is unclear), but their descendants interbreed with humans to the point where a not-inconsiderable minority of humanity has some Saiyan blood.
* In ''{{Naruto}}'', Sasuke is introduced at the last of the Uchiha clan, though toward the end of the Land of Waves Arc he reveals he has a brother, Itachi, who is presumably still alive somewhere. This is confirmed a few arcs later when Itachi shows up in person. In Part II, shortly before the two have their final showdown, it's revealed that [[spoiler: their ancestor, Madara, is not only alive and well, but Itachi's mentor. However, Madara is ultimately revealed to be Obito Uchiha (another of their clansman) in disguise and the real Madara is eventually resurrected.]]
** While it hasn't been particularly significant to the plot so far, [[spoiler: Kushina Uzumaki]] implies she may have been the last of her clan before her death, leaving [[spoiler: her son, Naruto, as the sole remaining member.]]. Later, however, Kabuto reveals that [[spoiler: Karin is also a member of the Uzumaki clan, as was Nagato, though he is dead by this point.]]
* ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'' has [[spoiler:Mikasa being introduced as the last of the Asians/East Sea Peoples. Her mother was the same ethnicity, however she was killed as part of Mikasa's [[DarkAndTroubledPast backstory]]. It turns out that, actually, she's just the last Asian ''within the walls'', and there are (presumably) many of them that remain elsewhere. The only other we've been introduced to, as of chapter 100, is Kiyomi Azumabito, but it's not yet confirmed if she's from the exact same ethnic group as Mikasa's mother.]]

* ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' and the Kryptonians. This got to ridiculous levels in UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}}. ComicBook/PostCrisis, it became editorial policy that Superman must be the ''only'' Kryptonian. So we got ComicBook/{{Supergirl}} the Earth Angel, ComicBook/{{Superboy}} the human clone with grafted powers (because Kryptonians couldn't even be cloned) and ComicBook/PowerGirl the Atlantean. However they changed their minds: Supergirl is again Superman's cousin, Power Girl her alternate universe counterpart, and Conner Superman's half-clone.
* Comicbook/MartianManhunter was likewise the last Martian. However, it turns out that he was the last ''green'' Martian, and there's a race of AlwaysChaoticEvil white Martians that are very much alive. Go figure. Eventually they're all killed, except for the good aligned Miss Martian. Which has changed again in the new Martian Manhunter retooling. Not only are there other White Martians, but [[spoiler:another Green Martian... and female. But she's evil]]. And after another apparent retcon in ''ComicBook/BrightestDay'', [[spoiler: this is still the case. It's a ''different'' Green Martian. Who is also female. And insanely evil.]]
* In {{ComicBook/Monstress}}, The Monstra hints that the reason [[spoiler: it is living within Maika]] has to do with her lineage. But when she threatens to kill herself to get rid of it, it replies, "No matter. There is still another of your line into whom I may pass." Maika is understandably surprised.
* Subverted in ''ComicBook/YTheLastMan'':
** About ten issues in, it's revealed that [[spoiler:two male astronauts avoided the {{Gendercide}} because they were [[{{ButWhatAboutTheAstronauts}} in space at the time]]]]. A bare bones effort to ensure a safe landing ensued... but [[spoiler:both male astronauts died on reentry]]. The only one to survive was their female cosmonaut partner... [[spoiler:who was pregnant with the (male) baby of one of them]].
** In the [[StoryArc penultimate arc]] we find another survivor: [[spoiler:Dr. Mann's father, who blames his cloning experiment and/or efforts to sabotage his daughter's for the disaster... and decides that the world would better off with the menfolk out of the way completely since his daughter([[ReplacementGoldfish s]]) can continue his work]].
* ''ComicBook/ElfQuest'' does this with the Wolfriders, who believe they are the last of their kind. Imagine their surprise when they find out [[spoiler:not only are there more tribes (three [later four] to be precise) but a High One survived as well]].
** It's just as much of a surprise to the Gliders, one of the other tribes, when they discover there are elves out there who can still have ''children''. Their leader, [[BigBad Winnowill]], also discovers that she has a non-evil counterpart in Savah (of the first tribe the Wolfriders encounter).
** In ''Wavedancers'', there is an inversion. [[spoiler: Wavelet is an elf who was raised by humans, and does not know there are tribes of elves in this world. She is introduced in a side-plot after other elves discover her, rather than being treated as a protagonist.]]
* ''SelfDemonstrating/{{Lobo}}'' in his first own series "The Last Czarnian" has to discover that another Czarnian survived his genocide on his own race, and worse, it's his fourth grade math teacher (probably one--if not the one--member of his race he hated most). And he has to bring her to Vril Dox unharmed. [[spoiler: However after his contract with Vril Dox is fulfilled he quickly fixes that mistake by snapping her neck.]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Cerebus}}'' did this with aardvarks. Cooler than it sounds.
* In ''ComicBook/SonicTheComic'' Knuckles was believed to be the last of the Echidnas until [[OmnicidalManiac Doctor Zachary]] appeared.
** [[spoiler:Knuckles]] also is considered this in the early [[ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog Archie Comics]].
* ''ComicBook/{{Shakara}}'': Shakara is believed to be the last living member of the Shakara, but it turns out there is another survivor. [[spoiler:Cinnibar Brenaka, the heroic founder of the Shakara Federation, who destroyed his own species and is now leading the Hierarchy in secret.]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In ''ComicBook/PowerGirl'' fanfic ''Fanfic/AForceOfFour'', Kara believed she was the Last Daughter of Krypton after [[Franchise/{{Superman}} her cousin]]'s death. Then she finds out there three more Kryptonians… and they’re all criminals.
* In ''[[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/8378840/28/Passageways Passageways]]'' Harry believed that he and his mother were the last surviving magical descendants of the Eveningshade family, only to discover that a handful of survivors escaped the original massacre and had descendants of their own.
* In ''Fanfic/SecondWind'', Chapter 22, it’s heavily implied that, unbeknownst to Luffy and Zoro (or rather, unbeknownst to Zoro; Luffy heard but didn't really understand the implication), one other member of their crew survived to the point where the two of them returned to the past…and consequently, was sent back with them.
* In ''Fanfic/BlackkatsReverse'', Uzumaki Kushina was considered as the SoleSurvivor from the Uzumaki Clan, meaning that the Elemental Nations never expected Kurama appearing and claiming to be her long-lost half-brother.
* Used ''twice'' in ''[[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/8182529/1/Prince-of-Death Prince of Death]]'': Harry being the only known living child of the Big Three when he comes to Half-Blood Camp, Chiron naturally thinks he's TheChosenOne from the Great Prophecy. Learning Thalia's existence makes him reconsider, as she's older and more likely to fulfill the prophecy before Harry. However, she's [[BalefulPolymorph transformed into a pine tree]] and Chiron decides Harry ''is'' TheHero after all. Then comes along Percy...

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* At the beginning of ''WesternAnimation/IceAge2TheMeltdown'', Manny the Mammoth is led to believe he's the last of the mammoths. Later, he finds a female mammoth who was living with her possum brothers (...), and at the end [[spoiler: he found out a herd of mammoths, and had to make a FriendOrIdolDecision about staying with them or his friends]].
* This was the premise for ''Disney/TheTiggerMovie'', in which Tigger thinks he's received a letter from another Tigger. It turns out that the letter was from [[spoiler: Roo]]. The whole movie is an {{Aesop}} about the PowerOfFriendship. And has anyone else on this list declared "I'm the only one!" so triumphantly?
* By the end of ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda2'', everyone is led to believe that Po is the last remaining panda and the rest were all wiped out by Lord Shen. [[spoiler: The SequelHook reveals that at least a dozen pandas survived the massacre, including Po's biological father]].
* Until ''WesternAnimation/ShrekForeverAfter'', we assumed Shrek [[spoiler:Fiona and their kids]] were the only ogres. Then, we find an entire race of ogres acting as LaResistance as [[spoiler:Rumplestiltskin]] has taken over the world.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The trope name comes from ''Franchise/StarWars: Film/TheEmpireStrikesBack'', where after Luke Skywalker is rushing off to an obvious trap Vader has set for him, Yoda cryptically dismisses Obi-Wan's suggestion that Luke was the last hope for the Jedi. The "another" is Leia, as implied in the ending to ''Empire Strikes Back'' and confirmed in ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi''. This is actually used to chilling effect in said scene since, if Luke is NOT the last hope, he no longer has PlotArmor.
* The ending of the first ''Film/{{Highlander}}'' film explicitly said that Connor [=MacLeod=] had won "The Prize" and was the last [[{{Immortality}} Immortal]]. [[Franchise/{{Highlander}} Subsequent films]] (and [[Series/{{Highlander}} the TV series]]) [[RetCon changed that]].
* The ending of ''Film/{{Gojira}}'' states that the titular monster cannot be the only member of his species, and that nuclear bomb testings will only bring about more. Cue the sequel....
** Later films in the series not only established there was more than one Godzilla, but that the appearance of Minya (Showa/Final Wars) and Junior (Heisei) implied a breeding population. There isn't just one Godzilla. There's an entire ''species''.
* ''Film/{{Hancock}}'' had the titular character suffer from amnesia only to be reminded once again, by saving her current husband, that he once had a wife who had the same powers he did.
* In ''Film/KingRalph'', the [[UnexpectedSuccessor title character]] discovers he's not the only distant relative of the royal family still alive. [[spoiler: His advisor, Sir Cedric is too. He had been offered the position first, but he [[RefusalOfTheCall turned it down]].]]
* Both protagonists of ''Film/TheDarkCrystal'' believed themselves to be the last of the gelfling race, then invoked this trope when they met.
* ''Film/{{Dogma}}'': Mary was a virgin when Jesus was born. The last of her and Joseph's descendants, though, is Bethany. She also developed uterine cancer and had a hysterectomy. At the end of the movie, God regrows her womb, with the new Last Scion in it.
* Subverted in ''Film/TheChroniclesOfRiddick'', in which Riddick is assumed to be the last Furyan. Turns out there's at least one more... [[spoiler:but he's been converted into a Necromonger, and commits suicide immediately after revealing his race.]]

* In ''[[Literature/InheritanceCycle Eragon]]'', we are led to believe that Eragon and [[BigBad Gallbatorix]] are the only Dragon Riders left in the world, Gallbatorix having slaughtered every Rider and Dragon, with only two eggs [[spoiler:and one dragonless Rider]] left in the world besides them. In ''Eldest'', we find out that [[spoiler:Gallbatorix missed one. The elf Oromis and his dragon Glaedr are crippled but alive, and become Eragon and Saphira's teachers.]] [[spoiler:And at the end of the book, we find out that another of the eggs has hatched.]]
** The last egg (a green one, named Greeni by fans) hatches in "[[Literature/InheritanceCycle Inheritance]]". In this universe, eggs wait to hatch until they sense the proximity of a worthy rider, [[spoiler: and this egg hatches for Arya]].
** [[spoiler: In Inheritance, it is also revealed that there is a sizeable stockpile of dragon eggs, created just before the fall of Vroengard, that can be used to bring back the dragon riders.]]
* The first book in ''Literature/TheDeathGateCycle'' makes Alfred out to be the last Sartan alive. Two books later we find out there are others. Many, many others, living on other worlds.
* A variation. Grand Admiral Thrawn died in Literature/TheThrawnTrilogy. He was far from the only one of his species - Chiss are isolationist but not endangered - but there's only one [[MagnificentBastard Thrawn]]. Luke and Mara found his clone floating, asleep or not yet alive, in a [[PeopleJars Spaarti cylinder]] underneath his hidden fortress in the ''Literature/HandOfThrawn'' duology. They sort-of-accidentally killed it while escaping. But the incredibly elaborate Chiss [[GambitIndex gambiting]] in ''Literature/SurvivorsQuest'' has enough elements of Thrawn's style to cause Mara Jade to wonder if he had another clone. Creator/TimothyZahn has said that he'd be interested in writing a book involving Thrawn's clone, who, unusually, would not mentally be Thrawn (while he'd have Thrawn's memories, he'd still know they were just copied memories) and would feel [[CloningBlues tremendous pressure to live up to the original]][[note]]Which, given Chiss skin tone, would make him a [[JustForPun Blue Clone with Cloning Blues]][[/note]].
* ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy''
** Arthur Dent discovers his entire planet has been rebuilt in ''Literature/SoLongAndThanksForAllTheFish''. Then he discovers a parallel version in ''Literature/MostlyHarmless''. Then, once the Guide Mk2 has ensured that [[spoiler: every parallel Earth in the Whole Sort Of General Mish-Mash has been destroyed]], he discovers [[spoiler: an Earth colony]] in ''Literature/AndAnotherThing''.
** Trillian. Sure, Arthur runs into her only a few hours after the Earth is destroyed, but up till then he believed himself the LastOfHisKind.
* Shelmerdine in Creator/VirginiaWoolf's ''Literature/OrlandoABiography''.
* The protagonist of ''How Like a God'' thinks he's the only person in the world with PsychicPowers. Wandering a MentalWorld, he looks out into an ocean, filled with tadpoles that represent the minds of all the people in the world. Then he sees a ''whale''.
* A prophecy in ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'' refers to a child of one of the Big Three (Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades) under the age of sixteen [[spoiler: that will decide the fate of the Gods]]. Due to the nature of the prophecy, after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII the Three signed a pact not to have any more children, because those children were too powerful and warped the world. Percy is thought to be the necessary referent, since only he and Thalia had been born since the oath and Thalia pulled a HeroicSacrifice several years ago. [[spoiler:Then Thalia [[SealedGoodInACan comes back to life]], and then it turns out that yet another two have been trapped in a LotusEaterMachine since before the pact.]]
** Eventually [[spoiler: Thalia chooses to stop aging right before her 16th birthday, the daughter of Hades is killed, and Nico is younger than Percy, so he doesn't qualify, so it refers to Percy after all.]]
* Possibly a subversion, in L B. Graham’s ''The Binding of the Blade'' series, everyone comes to believe that the main character, Joraiem, is a foretold prophet, the only one left on earth to manifest Allfather’s power once the current prophet dies. However, when Joraiem [[spoiler: is murdered by a man who is in love with the woman Joraeim just married]], it turns out that the prophecy is actually referring to his son, Benjiah.
* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' seems that the Targaryen's line has yet to be ended since [[spoiler: Aegon VI Targaryen seems to be safe and sound. If it's really him and not an impostor.]]
** If EpilepticTrees don't lie, [[spoiler: the other one is Jon Snow, since he's the biological son of Prince Rhaegar Targaryen and Lyanna Stark. In the ''Series/GameOfThrones'' universe it's already confirmed.]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' did this a few times.
** Every time you think the last surviving Daleks are all but gone, another one (four, one million) pop up from an AlternateUniverse, an [[SealedEvilInACan evil-sealing can]], or somewhere else.
** In the third season of the new series, it was revealed that [[spoiler:the Doctor himself was not the last of the Time Lords as he believed, as [[ArchEnemy The Ma]][[EvilCounterpart ster]] also survived the Time War, unknown to him. The Master, being [[JokerImmunity the Master]], has since died, come back to life, and "died" again in less than three years.]]
** The fourth season introduced an OppositeSexClone "daughter", although the Doctor was reluctant to consider her a "real" Time Lord. She's still alive, [[DisneyDeath he just doesn't know it.]]
** In the 11th Doctor's second series, [[spoiler:River Song]] was confirmed to be ''[[HalfHumanHybrid part]]''-Time Lord.
** Taken UpToEleven in "[[Recap/DoctorWho50thASTheDayOfTheDoctor The Day of the Doctor]]" when its revealed that [[spoiler:Gallifrey didn't blow up after all. The Doctor and his past/future incarnations simply moved it to another dimension, with all the Time Lords still on it.]]
* In the StargateVerse, the original movie mentioned that Ra's race was dying, leading many to believe he was the LastOfHisKind. In the series, this is apparently ignored: the Goa'uld are numerous, and are the dominant galactic power. This was partially reconciled with the movie later on, when it was established that the Goa'uld were indeed dying out at that time, desperately looking for a host species (which they found in the [[HumansByAnyOtherName Tau'ri]].) The nature of Ra's species was also changed (from TheGreys to snake-like symbiotes), among the many {{retcon}}s in the transition from the movie to the TV franchise.
* In ''Series/PowerRangersSPD'', the Sirian Anubis "Doggie" Cruger was thought to be the last of his kind after the Troobian Empire destroyed his home planet. At the end of the series, it's learned that his wife, Aisinya, was kept alive within the Troobian Emperor's personal chambers. [[FridgeLogic The logic behind this has yet to pass a cursory examination.]]
* In Series/RedDwarf, Lister is believed to be the last human, with his companions being an evolved cat, a hologram, and an android. In the books and the series, an alternate universe version of Christine Kochanski is added to the cast (though how she arrived is very different between the two media.) He also loses the status as last human native to ''this'' universe in different ways:
** In the series, Kryten's repair nanites go a bit too far, rebuilding the entire crew of the Red Dwarf, including previously PutOnABus cast member Rimmer (who didn't experience "our" Rimmer's adventures with them and had ''no'' qualms about double-crossing them.)
** In the ''Series/RedDwarf'' novel ''Last Human'', Michael [=McGruder=], the child of Rimmer's one night stand, arrives, having been in stasis a really, really long time.
* ''Franchise/{{Buffyverse}}'':
** Angel was, for a long time, considered to be the only vampire with a soul, to the point where prophecies referring to the 'vampire with a soul' were assumed naturally to refer to Angel. But then Spike got his soul back.
--->'''Angel:''' Oh. That's great. Everyone's got a soul now...You know, I started it. The whole 'having a soul'. Before it was all the cool new thing...
** Earlier on, after a season and a half of opening every episode with "She is the Slayer. She alone will..." yada yada yada, Buffy meets Kendra.
--->'''Buffy:''' Okay, one more time. You're the who?!\\
'''Kendra:''' I'm the Slayer.\\
'''Buffy:''' Nice cover story. But here's a tip: you might wanna try it on someone who's not the real Slayer.\\
'''Kendra:''' You can't stop me! Even if you kill me, another Slayer will be sent to take my place.\\
'''Buffy:''' Could you stop with the Slayer thing? I'm the damn Slayer!
** Subverted at one point: Warren just wanted to join Andrew in [[ShoutOut quoting]] ''The Empire Strikes Back''.
--->'''Andrew:''' That boy is our last hope.\\
'''Warren:''' No, there is another.\\
'''Andrew:''' Wait, really? Who's our last hope?\\
'''Warren:''' No, I was just going with it. It was a thing. He's our last hope.
* Arguably, a form of this occurred in ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' with Pru's death, which broke the power of three - until the fourth sister, Paige, turned up.
* A version of this trope appears in both the [[Series/BattlestarGalactica1978 old]] and new versions of ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'': [[spoiler: the twist being that another battlestar has survived the genocide: the Pegasus.]]
** [[spoiler: Also in the newer one, another Earth. Or something.]]
*** The second [[spoiler: battlestar]] is an example, but not the second [[spoiler: Earth. The "Earth" that Adama spoke of right after the attack was the ruined Cylon world they found first. When they found another planet they could finally settle on, Adama and the crew named it Earth in deference to the prophesy, but it wasn't another Earth, it was just a reuse of the name.]]
* ''Series/{{Smallville}}'' has Clark's cousin Kara show up. And then [[spoiler: a Kryptonian army led by Colonel Zod]].
* [[Series/TheSixMillionDollarMan Steve Austin]] thought he was the first and only Bionic man ... until the second season when he ran into OSI's "failed experiment": [[NamesTheSame Barney Miller]], the Seven Million Dollar Man.
* In ''Series/TerminatorTheSarahConnorChronicles'', John Henry delivers the line, implying that [[spoiler:Skynet is already starting to develop into a complex AI.]]
* Until season 4, Kilgarrah was the last dragon in the BBC's ''Series/{{Merlin 2008}}'' . But now another dragon, Aithusa, has been hatched.
* In one episode of ''Series/TheInvisibleMan'', an invisible man tries to kill the Official. Darien is accused of going rogue before Eberts suggests that Simon Cole, the first Invisible Man test subject, may have done it. Darien starts seeing the invisible Simon's heat signature everywhere he goes as he tries to clear his name. [[spoiler:Averted. Simon is actually DeadAllAlong, shot by the Official when he went crazy. The invisibility gland was taken from Simon and transferred to Darien. Darien is merely being influenced by the dead Simon's memories which were somehow transferred along with the gland.]] Later, the villain Arnaud finds another invisibility gland and has it implanted in himself, though his has the downside of ''permanent'' invisibility.
* A version of this is done in ''Series/HouseOfAnubis'' where they discover Nina is not the only [[ChosenOne chosen person]] in the house, and there is in fact her Osirian, who is destined to protect her. [[spoiler:It's Eddie.]]
* In Season 3 of ''Series/PersonOfInterest'' it turns out that there is [[spoiler: a second Machine, Samaritan. Unfortunately it ends up in the hands of Decima.]]
* In ''Series/GameOfThrones'' the last epsiode of season six let us know that Daenerys Targaryen isn't [[LastOfHisKind Last Of Her Kind]] [[spoiler: since Jon Snow is the son of her eldest brother Rhaegar with Lyanna Stark.]]

* The Toa Nuva from Toys/{{Bionicle}} where implied to be the only Toa in existence during the first few arcs. Then Takanuva arrived, but he just seemed to be a standard SixthRanger type of character. Then Vakama chose to reveal that they are in fact, not the first Toa, and the series never looked back, introducing several new teams and lone operative Toa. WordOfGod has it that in their heyday, there were over 1000 Toa.
** That said, while the Nuva were not necessarily the only Toa (and it's eventually revealed they were some of the ''first'' Toa ever created), they are the only known Toa Nuva (as in, Toa who survived being transformed by [[MutagenicGoo Energized Protodermis]] without being turned into [[AndIMustScream monsters]] or just [[AcidPool disintegrated]]).

* In ''Webcomic/ImpureBlood'', [[http://www.impurebloodwebcomic.com/Pages/Chapter005/ib025.html the last Ancient may be the Last of His Kind, but to Roan, it means there is someone else out there with Ancient blood.]]
* In ''Webcomic/RiceBoy'', this forms the final-act plot twist. [[spoiler:Rice Boy gets named as the Fulfiller of the Prophecy of Ridrom, and most of the plot involves him fulfilling the terms of the prophecy necessary to bring the Avatar of Mind back to the world. The final term to fulfill is dying. At the end, as Rice Boy is steeling his nerves for impending death, and the secondary protagonist T.O.E. shows up to save him. Rice Boy then realizes that, in his own way, T.O.E. has also fulfilled all but the final term of the prophecy. T.O.E. then dies, and the Avatar returns.]]
* In ''Webcomic/DarthsAndDroids'', Princess Leia is upset that there is no one else to train Luke to use the Force, but Chewbacca reveals that Yoda is still out there, somewhere.
-->'''Leia:''' Obi-Wan Kenobi. He was our only hope.\\
'''Chewbacca:''' No. There is another.
* In ''Webcomic/NeoKosmos'', Tye believes he and his friends Z and Iris are the last remnants of the human race, until he discovers a large group of human kids living on a different floor of the same space station.

* In ''VideoGame/RatchetAndClank'', Ratchet was discovered to be anything ''but'' the LastOfHisKind. {{Lampshaded}} in A Crack in Time, where he meets [[CoolOldGuy Cool Old Lombax]].
* Rexxar was said to be the last of the Mok'Nathal (a clan of orc/ogre hybrids) in ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII''. Come ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', and the Mok'Nathal clan is revealed to have survived after all.
** Also, the uncorrupted furbolgs. Apart from Krolg in Ashenvale, the Timbermaw tribe at the farthest reaches of civilization was portrayed as the last uncorrupted furbolgs in Azeroth. That is, until the expansion added the Stillpine on the draenei starting island. The island did sport Alliance, however, they had recently shipwrecked there, something which seems to happen often on that island.
* Red XIII from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII''. You never actually see another member of his race anywhere in the canon, but in the FlashForward ending, he's shown with a pair of cubs. The compilation reveals he did have a mate, named Deneh, who he lost contact with in one of the prequels, and presumably finds again after the events of the game.
* ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'': If you had only played the games that came before ''VideoGame/Halo5Guardians'', you'd likely be under the impression that the Master Chief is the last surviving Spartan-II super-soldier, with the rest having died in the Fall of Reach. The ExpandedUniverse and WordOfGod reveals, however, that at least ''fourteen'' other Spartan-[=IIs=] were still alive even during the ending of ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}'' (and that's not including several genuine [=MIAs=] who could return to the story at anytime). These fellow Spartans (despite Chief's knowledge of their survival) never got a single in-game reference until they finally appear in person in ''Halo 5'', outside of a few name-drops by allied [=NPCs=] in ''4'' and an EasterEgg showing a then-clinically-dead (she gets better) [[spoiler:Linda]]'s cryotube readout in the [[UpdatedRerelease Anniversary Edition]] of ''VideoGame/HaloCombatEvolved''.
* ''VideoGame/SonicChronicles: The Dark Brotherhood'' has two examples. However the game isn't canon and only applies to itself.
** [[spoiler:Knuckles]] turns out to not be the last echidna
** Inside the [[PhantomZone Twilight Cage]], there are far more [[spoiler:gizoids]] than we were led to believe. [[spoiler:Emerl was just the last Gizoid on earth instead of in existance.]]
* Happens ''all the time'' in the ''Franchise/BreathOfFire'' games. In the first, you start in the last village of the Light Dragons, but you're supposedly the last warrior capable of harnessing the ancient clan's power. You're not, [[spoiler:and you have to kill your sister, who also had that power.]] In the second, you find the last village of the dragons guarding the BigBad. In the third, much is made of the fact that you're the last dragon. No, really, you are. Like, the last one. Except for this village over here. And [[spoiler: Teepo]]. But you're the last. The village has voluntarily given up the ability to transform, though, so it's questionable whether they count.
* In ''[[VideoGame/FireEmblemTellius Fire Emblem: Path of Radiance]]'', it's initially established that Reyson is [[spoiler: the last survivor of the heron race, due to a genocide by Begnion.]] However, throughout the game and its sequel, a couple more turn up... including [[spoiler: Reyson's sister, and later his elder brother. In addition, his father was stated to be alive not too long after Reyson was introduced. But he's so sick that he can't do anything so he never appears in the game itself.]]
* In ''VideoGame/{{Homeworld}}'', the Kushan discover that there are other exiles from Hiigara in the galaxy [[spoiler:only after they kill them all in self-defense]].
** In ''Homeworld 2'', meanwhile, there's an example with spaceships rather than people. After going through a lot of trouble to acquire the last known Progenitor [[CoolShip Dreadnought]], the key to reaching the mysterious Sajuuk, a final line of dialogue is delivered quietly at the end of the mission: "There is another Dreadnought. [[spoiler:[[BigBad Makaan]] has it]]." (This is especially scary since a Dreadnought is much more powerful than anything the player can build at that point in the game, and about 50% stronger than the most powerful ship the player can ever build.)
* Very similar to the original ''StarWars'', ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic 2'' states the player character to be the "last of the Jedi". Except for all the others. It's rationalized as the player character to be ''perceived'' as the last of the Jedi, as few others self-identify themselves such [[spoiler:and those that do, aren't]].
* In ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfSpyro'', Spyro is thought to be the only purple dragon (since they're only supposed to be born once every ten generations), but the second game reveals that [[spoiler:[[BigBad The Dark Master]] (aka Malefor) is also one]].
* The original ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid'' ends like this. After Solid Snake kills his EvilTwin [[BigBad Liquid Snake]] in the game's climax, he's left believing that he's Big Boss' only surviving clone. Then TheStinger hits. Not only is there a third clone named "Solidus"...he's none other than [[PresidentEvil the President of the United States]]. And Liquid's [[TheDragon chief lieutenant]] Revolver Ocelot [[PlayingBothSides was working for him the whole time]]. Cue SequelHook.
* ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'': In the original game, the PlayerCharacter was thought to be the only Dragonborn... but the ''Dragonborn'' DLC reveals that, indeed, ThereIsAnother. It's best said in the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWbObVD2jKI trailer]]:
-->'''Narrator:''' You didn't think that you were the only one? He was the first!
** [[spoiler:And then averted when you kill him.]]
** The only Dragonborn alive, that is. It was established that Talos and his heirs were also Dragonborn, the last of them, [[spoiler:Martin Septim]], dying 200 years ago.
* In ''VideoGame/LunarTheSilverStar'', Alex eventually surmounts all obstacles to becoming a Dragonmaster, except for the fact that all the dragons are dead. It turns out that Nall, Alex's flying companion, is another white dragon.
* In ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfHeroesTrailsOfColdSteel III'', it is revealed that Ash Carbide is another survivor of the [[DoomedHometown Hamel Incident]] where [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfHeroesTrailsInTheSky Joshua and Loewe used to live.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}''. In the beginning of the series, it's implied they're the last. Then they find out the eggs from their Rookery were saved, and raised in Avalon. Then they find a bunch of other clans around the world that survived. Though given the Manhattan Clan rather limited world view, they weren't exactly exposed to other clans much less those half-way around the world. So as far as they were concerned, when their clan was destroyed, that was it.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'', Dr. Venture has a dream in which his dead father warns him "There is another Venture!" in a spooky, dramatic voice. When asked why he said it like that, he answered "Don't ask me; it's your dream." It turns out he was right, the "other Venture" being the twin brother that Dr. Venture swallowed in the womb.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' has one not-so-straight example: Leela finds someone who seems to be part of the same alien race [[spoiler:she thinks she's a part of]], but turns out to be [[spoiler: a shapeshifter who happened to have a thing for women who are [[LastOfHisKind the last of their kind]]]]. The whole situation was just an excuse for ActorAllusion.
** Better than that [[spoiler: Leela isn't an alien, she's a mutant]].
* One episode of the ''WesternAnimation/TheWildThornberrys'' had a tortoise that was (almost) the LastOfHisKind. Sadly TruthInTelevision, as he was based on a real tortoise called Lonesome George.
* Predaking spent the third season of ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'' as the sole living Predacon. In the GrandFinale movie, he discovers that a few more have since been cloned, and [[QuestForTheRest makes it his goal to find and lead them.]]
* Finn the Human from ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' was originally said to be the last human, but as the series went on, it introduced several [[HalfHumanHybrid partial humans]] like Marceline, [[WasOnceAMan former humans]] like the Ice King, and even a few {{cyborg}}s like Susan Strong, until eventually [[spoiler: revealing the existence of an entire human civilization, set on an island chain far away from the main continent]].
* Examples from ''WesternAnimation/StevenUniverse'':
** In early episodes, it seemed that Pearl, Amethyst, Garnet, and [[HalfHumanHybrid half of Steven]] were the only remaining Crystal Gems, a rock-based alien race. As it turned out, there was an entire ''empire'' of other gems, that regarded the ones on Earth as renegade traitors. [[spoiler: They aren't even the last of their gem types. "Pearls" are notably a ServantRace amongst gemkind.]]
** In "Are You My Dad?", after Steven encounters a new Gem that appears to be looking for her father, Connie brings up the possibility that Steven may not be the only half-Gem of his kind (since Gems generally do not have fathers). [[spoiler:It turns out that [[SubvertedTrope the Gem is not looking for her father, or any father for that matter]]. She was actually in search of someone whom she believes is named "My Dad" (due to a report Peridot sent to the Gem Homeworld during the second season where Steven told her of six human specimans, refering to Greg as "my dad" instead of his actual name).]]
* In the beginning of ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfTheGummiBears'', we are led to believe that the main cast are the only Gummis left. But, starting with the first SeasonFinale, we learn that other Gummis have started colonies across the sea, and throughout the show meet more and more Gummis.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lazarus_taxon Lazarus taxa]].
* Though Lonesome George, the last known Pinta Island tortoise, died in June 2012, [[http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/11/121116-lonesome-george-not-extinct-galapagos-tortoise-science/ scientists have found 17 tortoises that have similar genes]], leading to speculation that he may not have been the LastOfHisKind.