[[quoteright:350:[[Film/TheGodfather http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/godfather.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:That's him--TheManBehindTheMan!]]

A NumberTwo who is the Number One's voice of reason. Their advice is valuable to the boss because they're usually right, which puts them in a unique position to [[HonestAdvisor "Speak Truth To Power"]] when other staff might be scared to contradict the boss. This kind of job security is largely self-reinforcing--[[VetinariJobSecurity the boss won't fire him because he needs]] [[HonestAdvisor his uniquely honest advice]], but he only has the freedom to be honest because he knows the boss won't fire him. Often the [[TheSmartGuy smartest guy]] [[TheEvilGenius in the room]], or just a [[TheConscience calming influence]] to a HotBlooded boss. There's a high likelihood of his being a [[AmoralAttorney retained lawyer.]]

Similar to TheMentor, but usually the same age or younger than their charge. Possibly, but not necessarily, the OnlySaneMan. Might be the ChessmasterSidekick if it turns out that he's actually the one in charge, or the HypercompetentSidekick if their boss would be useless without them. If he uses ObfuscatingStupidity to get away with BrutalHonesty, he's TheJester. Contrast with EvilChancellor; compare and contrast TheGoodChancellor.

Sometimes, he'd make a better ruler than the real one, but he doesn't want to be in charge for some reason. His boss [[AlwaysSomeoneBetter may even recognise this]], which could be a source of jealousy or mistrust.

This position isn't only reserved for employees. It's not unusual for the wife of a powerful ruler or businessman to take on this role, particularly if she is a ProperLady or YamatoNadeshiko. They will have the SilkHidingSteel necessary to point out problems without undermining him. This might overlap with the LadyMacbeth, if her husband is of a less-than-scrupulous character.

Named for the Mafia position made famous by Tom Hagen in ''Film/TheGodfather'' (so any self-respecting [[TheDon Don]] will keep one on staff as a matter of principle).

In case you were wondering--''con-sill-YEH-reh''. Sort of. It's Italian for "counsellor" or "advisor".

See also CommanderContrarian.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}'', Maiza seems to play something like this role to the Martillo crime family.
* In ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', there's one Kouzou Fuyutsuki to Gendo Ikari. It's heavily implied that the main reason he sticks around is out of loyalty to [[HotForStudent his former student]] and Gendo's wife Yui rather than any attachment to Gendo himself, as he actually did not like Gendo at all when they first met.
* A good part of the role of the ''kirin'' in ''LightNovel/TheTwelveKingdoms'' is to be an advisor to the FisherKing they choose. And a good part of the ruler's role is to know when to listen and when to ignore the ''kirin'', since the ''kirin'' is inherently ([[StupidGood and often illogically]]) compassionate, which is not enough to rule a kingdom.
* Seigfried Kircheis is this for Reinhard von Lohengramm in ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes''.
* [[EvenTheGuysWantHim Masa]] is the closest thing to this for Sun's dad Gozaburo in ''Manga/MyBrideIsAMermaid''. Had the show been more serious, it would have been more obvious.
* In ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'', Riza Hawkeye's explicitly stated job description is to make sure Roy Mustang doesn't stray from the correct path while aiming for the presidency/Fuhrership, to the point of killing him if he goes JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope. Maes Hughes also fills this role to a lesser extent, using his position in the Intelligence division to keep Roy informed about a variety of things. [[spoiler:His PlotlineDeath puts a regrettable end to his ability to assist, however.]]
* In ''Manga/SnowWhiteWithTheRedHair'' Mitsuhide to Zen
* In ''Manga/DeathNote'', Mello plays this role to Rod Ross.
* {{Deconstructed}} in ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'': MarieAntoinette has ''two'', the Count de Mercy, who UsefulNotes/MariaTheresa, Marie Antoinette's mother, [[GenreSavvy sent from Austria specifically for this job because she knew her daughter needed one]], and Oscar, who unofficially took the role by herself, but Marie Antoinette doesn't listen, the end result being UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution-and Oscar dying during the Storming of the Bastille, as Marie Antoinette's continued listening to less honest advisors gradually led her to come closer to the more extremist positions and [[DefectorFromDecadence deserting with her troops when ordered to suppress the riots in Paris]].
* Zoro from ''Manga/OnePiece'' is this occasionally, despite the Straw Hats not being a mafia gang. Though he respects Luffy's decisions most of the time, he has an innate sense of the burdens of captainship and he will step in and give some harsh, albeit necessary wisdom whenever he feels Luffy is making a mistake.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Legacy}}'': Darth Wyyrlok III was this to BigBad, EvilOverlord and [[TheEmperor Galactic Emperor]] Darth Krayt, until he pulled a TheStarscream.
** Wyyrlok is a particularly interesting case as [[spoiler:he had no interest in power. He realized that his master's degenerative condition was driving him insane, and killed him so that he could become an immutable symbol rather then a flawed man.]]
** Moff Nyna Calixte, the OnlySaneMan of the [[OmniscientCouncilOfVagueness Moff Council]], was also this to Morlish Veed. [[spoiler: Until she betrayed him to spy for Roan Fel. Veed found out and apparently killed her.]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In ''FanFic/TheFledglingYear'', Aravis functions in this role for Cor, especially when he needs advice on how to handle [[UnwantedHarem the various women their entourage is accumulating]], or how to behave around nobility since she was raised as a ProperLady and he has only been a BlueBlood for a few years.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* Tom Hagen in ''Film/TheGodfather'', and any Mafia "consigliere" in general, since that is the job description. Close to a UnbuiltTrope in that Tom, though well-meaning, is not a wartime Consigliere and is unable to smell a rat the way old Genco, the previous Consigliere, would have. Michael replaces him with his father, although he still listens to him until he grows unhappy with Tom in ''[[Film/TheGodfatherPartII Part II]]''. In ''[[Film/TheGodfatherPartIII Part III]]'', the role is divided among his younger sister Constanzia, who [[LadyMacBeth spurs Michael into action]], and B.J. Harrison, who handles the financial and now legitimate affairs of the family.
* Another Tom, Tom Reagan, is the right hand of Leo, chief of the Irish mob in ''Film/MillersCrossing''. He doubles up as TheDragon and is a deliberate nod to Hagen. In this case, [[MagnificentBastard he is almost entirely the brains of the organization]].
* "Number Two" in the ''Film/AustinPowers'' movies (with his "Virtucon [[CutLexLuthorACheck makes millions legitimately]]" speech in the [[Film/AustinPowersInternationalManOfMystery first movie]]).
* Michel in ''Film/DodgeballATrueUnderdogStory'', who White Goodman calls his "fitness consigliere".
* Avi in Film/JohnWick serves this role to his boss [[BigBad Viggo]], advising him and trying to keep him from doing anything rash.
* [[TheMedic Ship's doctor]] Stephen Maturin occasionally plays this to Captain Jack Aubrey in ''Film/MasterAndCommander'', being a close personal friend. He does get overruled rather frequently compared to other notable examples, however.
* ''Film/ForceOfEvil'': Joe the lawyer has become this for Tucker the mob boss, helping to launder Tucker's money and giving Tucker advice on how to make the numbers racket a legal lottery. His partner Hobe warns him about how this is a bad idea which could get Joe into a lot of trouble.

* "Daily Life In Medieval Europe" by Jeffery L Forgeng:
-->"Elanor's work at Dover was considerable. There was a continuous flow of messages to and from the Countess who was busy supporting her husband's revolt against the King. She dispatched assistance to him including a certain William the Engineer, who was evidently a specialist in siege weaponry. She procured military equipment for her husband's use, maintained relations with a substantial body of military followers and conducted negotiations with various third parties. Among the visitors who dined with Elanor of Dover, were leading citizens from the port towns of Sandwich and Winchelsea, whose support or assistance she was presumably trying to enlist, and she fostered relations with visiting ambassadors and merchants from overseas..."
* In ''Literature/TwistedCogs" a Stormetouched's [[MindlinkMates Echo]] can act like this. The main character's Echo is constantly trying to give helpful advice that often falls on deaf ears.
* ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire''
** Davos and Melisandre, to King/Lord Stannis. Of course, Melisandre kind of nullifies all his advice, but he tries -- and he used to succeed. Stannis chose him ''specifically'' because of this trope. He was so brutally honest that his lord appreciated how he'd always say the truth no matter what.
** Eddard Stark serves this role for his friend, King Robert.
** In general, the Hand of the King was supposed to serve this role for his King. Various Hands had varying degrees of success.
** Samwell tries to be this to Jon Snow, with varying degrees of success. He eventually [[spoiler: leaves for Oldtown, to earn his maester's chain to better serve Jon, whom he helped make the new Lord Commander of the Night's Watch.]]
* Marco is this to Jake in ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''.
** He seems to fall into this role for whoever is the current leader, as he fills the same position for Rachel during her short stint, and also for Tobias when the Animorphs split up into sub-teams. (Usually it's Tobias-Ax-Marco and Jake-Rachel-Cassie.)
* Jeffrey Pelt is this to the President in ''Literature/TheHuntForRedOctober''.
* John Sutter in ''The Gold Coast'' and ''The Lake House'' ends up with a Mafia don as his friendly next door neighbor, who co-opts him into this trope. His son tries the same thing in the sequel.
* Before the Interregnum, some of the most important nobility in Literature/{{Dragaera}} had Discreets, who are something like therapists crossed with advisers. Too bad Adron's Disaster killed all of them except Pel.
* Mary Ann Patten in ''Literature/TheCaptainsWife'' (which is BasedOnATrueStory).
* Dirch Frode, family lawyer for [[BigScrewedUpFamily the Vanger clan]], to patriarch Henrik Vanger, in ''[[Literature/TheMillenniumTrilogy The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo]]''.
* Oxley is this to [[AnthropomorphicPersonification Father Thames]] in ''Literature/RiversOfLondon'', in the court of Mama Thames Tybur...[[DoNotCallMePaul Lady Ty]] likes to cast herself in this role, but is really TheStarscream.
* Thurfir Hawat and Lady Jessica in ''Literature/{{Dune}}'' are this to Duke Leto.
* The Seanchan Truthspeakers in ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime''
* The Virtuous Woman in [[TheBible Proverbs 31]]. She is described as an efficient administrator and merchantess managing the affairs of a rich Jewish household and hustling through the bazaar.
* In the [[Literature/FirestarSeries ''Firestar'' series]], Mariesa infiltrates the teachers her scion company has just taken over. One teacher, Barry Fast, makes vehement but sensible complaints; the next time the two meet, she makes him a trusted advisor. They fall out [[spoiler: and divorce]] partially because, consumed with the magnitude of her work, she stops taking his input seriously.
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'': Although Hendricks is introduced as [[TheDon Marcone's]] primary bodyguard, he sports this role in side-stories focused on Marcone's operations. In addition to being built like a linebacker, he has a classical education and a degree in philosophy, and is fond of quoting famous texts to make his points. Marcone not only trusts him with explicit threats to his life, but also with ensuring the boss doesn't make any potentially fatal missteps. Hendricks also serves as a sort of liaison with Monoc Securities (in the form of the ever-present Ms. Gard), to whom Marcone owes a certain amount of his success.
* ''Literature/TheReynardCycle'': Count Bricemer is this to Duke Nobel. He's got a far cooler head than his boss. Later, [[spoiler: he serves Persephone in the same role.]]
* Common in ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'' among the more cultured smuggling and information trading groups in the galaxy. Talon Karrde was the most talented of several advisers and lieutenants to Jorj Car'das, and when Car'das disappeared Karrde was able to move the others out and take over. He later grooms Mara Jade to fill the same role, although their dynamic is in sharp contrast to the usual; he is more urbane and scholarly, and relies on her hard-earned street smarts and Force-enhanced intuition to help judge people and situations more finely. After she leaves to become a Jedi, he hires Shada D'ukal, who has similar qualities, to fill the role.
* In the ''Literature/DredChronicles'', Tam fills this role for gang-leader Dred. She's tougher than him, but he's generally better at politics. He does have his own agenda, but he pursues through making himself indispensable to Dred rather than trying to take over himself.
* Thomas Cromwell gets himself into this position for Henry VIII in ''Literature/WolfHall''. The phrase is particularly apt, as he's following a maxim he learned in Italy: you have to pick your prince, and then carry out everything that your prince wants doing. He first gains Henry's good opinion by sticking by his opposition to war in France even though he's also asking Henry for a favor (and for the disgraced Cardinal Wolsey, no less). Given Henry's temper, Cromwell has to be extremely careful (one of his favorite methods is dropping hints about an idea and waiting a week, whereupon Henry will [[GladIThoughtOfIt propose it as his own]]) but he's one of the only people who can maneuver Henry.[[note]]At least until the third book comes out.[[/note]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Angel}}'': Cordelia is this to Angel. Doyle originally played this role. Wesley tries to assume it after Cordelia is gone, but by that time his relations with Angel are strained, to say the least.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': Good advisors are an important part of the game of thrones. The office of Hand of the King is built around this trope, though individuals range from TheGoodChancellor to the DragonInChief.
** Eddard Stark serves as this to his friend, King Robert, who self-admittedly neglects the day-to-day running of his kingdom.
** Davos and Melisandre act as co-consiglieres to Stannis, often providing very conflicting advice. Whether it's battle tactics, politics, or just an opinion in general, Stannis places great trust in Davos. Following Stannis's death, Davos becomes this for Jon Snow.
** Roose Bolton acts as this to Robb in Season 2, advising him on everything from prisoners to new threats with mixed results since he is also the Starks' TokenEvilTeammate.
** Janos Slynt makes himself the right-hand-man of Alliser Thorne in Season 4.
** Samwell Tarly acts as this to Jon Snow in Season 4, discussing matters that Jon never even reveals to his other companions.
** One of Maester Luwin's job descriptions; he's sworn to serve the Lord of Winterfell even if it is a usurper.
* Stringer Bell in ''Series/TheWire'' - something of a [[LondonGangster Reggie Kray]] parallel in the way he tries to calm down his HotBlooded gangster boss, and shows impressive business skills when that boss is put in prison. Also Norman to Carcetti, who is kept on staff because of his willingness to "speak Truth to Power".
* ''Series/{{Lost}}'''s Richard Alpert is described by the showrunners as someone who is not interested in leading the Others but is very influential in finding and selecting a leader. He is described as being similar to a Panchen Lama choosing the next Dalai Lama. The scene where he shows a young Locke a bunch of items and asks him which of them is his is a direct reference to this.
* Silvio Dante has this role, literally and figuratively, in ''Series/TheSopranos'' crime family. At one point he tells his wife that there'd been talk of promoting him to boss instead of Tony when the role opened up, but he always saw himself as a consigliere, not a boss.
* Eric often fulfills this role to Vince in ''Series/{{Entourage}}''.
* Leo [=McGarry=] in ''Series/TheWestWing'' to President Jed Bartlet, both as Chief of Staff in seasons 1-6, and as an advisor later in S6. Invoked when Leo calls himself a "wartime consigliere" to Toby in "The Leadership Breakfast".
** Josh Lyman to Matt Santos.
* Ugo Bencini plays this role to ''two'' generations of the ''Series/{{Medici}}'', though the role is understated compared to many on this list.
* Spock and Dr. [=McCoy=], to Kirk, in ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries''.
* In ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' Data (as Second Officer) tended to fill the role for Picard more often than his first officer, Riker did.
* Wilson in ''Series/DadsArmy'' ("[[CatchPhrase Do you think that's]] ''[[CatchPhrase wise]]'', [[CatchPhrase sir?"]])
* Though he started out more as a [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold jerk]], David Rossi in ''Series/CriminalMinds'' has become the consigliere to Hotch, and to a lesser extent, [[spoiler: Morgan]].
* [[TwoFirstNames Nick George]] for Tripp Darling, and by extension for the whole BigScrewedUpFamily, in ''Series/DirtySexyMoney''. His father had the job before him.
* Mrs. Onedin in ''Series/TheOnedinLine'' is this for her [[FamilyBusiness husband's firm]]. She is loyal, determined, and GoodWithNumbers . James Onedin married her for a ship she owned, and started to love her because she was so canny a businesswoman. Who says money is unromantic?
* Saul Goodman in ''Series/BreakingBad'', citing the TropeCodifier: "What did Tom Hagen do for Vito Corleone?" Although by the middle of season 3, Saul finds himself increasingly out of his depth and almost completely domineered by Walt.
* Series/{{Merlin}} and Gwen tend to act as this for Arthur, especially [[spoiler: after he finally becomes King of Camelot.]] Arthur's acceptance of this tends to {{Zig Zag|ging Trope}}.
** Gaius was ''meant'' to be this for Uther, who rarely listened to him.
* ''Series/BoardwalkEmpire'':
** Young gangster Jimmy Darmody has two consiglieres; his mother, Gillian (who is also a LadyMacbeth), and Leander Whitlock, a CoolOldGuy who also advised his father.
** While we haven't seen too much of it yet, [[ForegoneConclusion Meyer Lansky will become Lucky Luciano's]]. At this point, they're more ThoseTwoBadGuys and CoDragons to Arnold Rothstein.
* ''Series/TheBorgias'': Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli to the Medici family. Yes, ''that'' Machiavelli, even though in RealLife his political career was after the Medicis were expelled and when they returned they tortured him and forced him into retirement.
** In season two, Vannozza dei Cattanei, Rodrigo's former mistress and mother to his children, becomes this for the Borgia family and for Giulia Farnese.
* In ''Series/StargateSG1'', Bra'tac explains his reasons for teaching Teal'c to mistrust the Goa'uld this way. Teal'c becomes First Prime, essentially Apophis' Second-In-Command and, as such, can temper Apophis' hand at times and prevent some of the worst atrocities. Bra'tac reveals that this is what he did during his time as First Prime, as well.
* In ''Series/TorchwoodMiracleDay'', one of the Families' cronies laments that no one will ever know how many times he stopped them and saved lives in the process.
* Roberts is this for Billy Kimber in ''Series/PeakyBlinders'', so much so that Tommy uses Roberts as an example when he's making a similar job offer to Grace.
* Li H'sen Chang in Series/DoctorWho [[Recap/DoctorWhoS14E6TheTalonsOfWengChiang The Talons of Weng Chiang]] is this to Magnus Greel, reminding him some things are not workable.
* ''Series/TheDefenders2017'':
** ''Series/{{Daredevil|2015}}'': James Wesley functions as one to Wilson Fisk.
** ''Series/LukeCage2016'': [[Creator/TheoRossi Hernan "Shades" Alvarez]] functions as one to Harlem's crimelords, although unlike Wesley, his loyalty can waver and he'll jump ship if he thinks his bosses aren't taking his advice seriously.
* In ''Series/WolfHall'', Thomas Cromwell is able to make Henry consider him favorably by being totally unapologetic about opposing Henry's wars in France, even though he's also trying to get Cardinal Wolsey back in Henry's good graces. When Cromwell becomes Henry's right-hand man outright, he is the most capable out of all the court and one of the few who can offer an opposing opinion, although he has to word it very carefully and catch Henry in the right mood for it.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}''. The consigliere of the Mafia Finnigan family of Seattle is Albert "Uncle Al" Cavalieri.
* ''TabletopGame/Warhammer40000'': Khârn the Betrayer, berserker extraordinaire, Chosen Champion of Khorne, the guy who has a kill counter on his helmet, who slaughtered his Legion alongside the enemy for not fighting hard enough, who gets resurrected whenever he dies so he can keep killing, who hits his own side if he misses in close combat... is the equerry and ''calming influence'' to his Primarch, Angron.

* Iago to Theatre/{{Othello}} (though he abuses his position of trust).
* Hagen in ''[[Theatre/DerRingDesNibelungen Götterdämmerung]]'' pretends to be this, but he's actually TheChessmaster who suffers from ChronicBackstabbingDisorder. Tom Hagen from ''Film/TheGodfather'' is probably named thus as a ShoutOut.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/MafiaTheCityOfLostHeaven'' has Frank Colletti, Don Salieri's Consigliere and best friend. Although at first mistrustful, he later gives Tommy a motivating speech and is generally a pretty nice guy for a mobster. [[spoiler: He later betrays the Don out of concern for his family and Tommy is tasked to kill him, but he let's him go. Frank is killed five years later off-screen after Tommy's betrayal comes out.]]
* ''VideoGame/MafiaII'' has Leo Galante, consigliere to Frank Vinci, head of Empire Bay's older and more traditional family. He helps Vito out after they meet in prison, and their friendly relationship continues after both of them get out and Vito becomes a made man. [[spoiler:It helps Leo after a hit is put out on him a bit later, which Vito rescues him from, and hit helps Vito get out of the shithole situation he gets himself into after Henry's drug deal goes wrong much later.]] [[spoiler:Too bad that it doesn't help Joe.]]
* Katakura Kojuro to Date Masamune in ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara''. It also helps that the otherwise BloodKnight-ish Masamune recognizes that Kojuro is the one man in the UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai who could unfailingly kick his ass every single time if sufficiently motivated.
* One of the Mafia roles in ''VideoGame/TownOfSalem'' is the consigliere, whose main role in the mafia is to spy on the other townspeople and find out their roles. It's possible for the consigliere to bluff and claim to be a benevolent investigator if under suspicion.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Though they [[BigBadDuumvirate share the same amount of power]], Brian often acts this way for Angelo in ''Webcomic/OurLittleAdventure.''
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'': Keeping with the mafia equivalence, Hank the halfling is this to Bozzok's [[TheDon Don]], ensuring the smooth running of the ThievesGuild by handling the bureaucratic part.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AvengersAssemble'': If Captain America tells Tony that something might be a bad idea, you can just bet your eyeteeth it'll end up blowing up in Tony's face.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* [[http://www.cracked.com/article_17284_6-people-who-secretly-ruled-world.html These Guys]].
* [[LondonGangster Reggie Kray to Ronnie]], who was known to (attempt to) persuade his brother out of his more PsychopathicManchild tendencies.
* Albert Speer was probably the closest to this trope in UsefulNotes/NaziGermany. He was one of UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler's most trusted and competent (and [[OnlySaneMan sanest]]) friends, and the man who strengthened Germany's war effort from 1942. Germany would have probably lost UsefulNotes/WorldWar2 sooner without him (and the damage to Germany would have been worse if not for Speer quietly countermanding Hitler's SaltTheEarth orders wherever he could).
* Vyacheslav Molotov would fit this trope during UsefulNotes/JosefStalin's government.
* General Alan Brooke to UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill.
* Surprisingly ''not'' true for the most part in UsefulNotes/TheMafia. Most real-life consiglieres are almost always low-level soldiers with legitimate or near-legitimate backgrounds who can represent the boss in non-criminal matters and sitdowns with other mob families. In the post-wiretap era, most "advisers" are shameless ass-kissers.
* [[Literature/JudgeDee Di Renjie]] gained a reputation for this in the Chinese imperial court in the seventh century. The early part of his career could be summed up as a cycle of "Speak Truth To Power, get demoted/arrested, be proven right, get re-promoted," but later became so respected for embodying this trope that the empress usually referred to him as the State Elder.
* Medieval noblewomen would often serve as this to their husbands, as seen in this quote from by Jeffery L Forgeng's ''Daily Life In Medieval Europe''
-->Elanor's work at Dover was considerable. There was a continuous flow of messages to and from the Countess who was busy supporting her husband's revolt against the King. She dispatched assistance to him including a certain William the Engineer, who was evidently a specialist in siege weaponry. She procured military equipment for her husband's use, maintained relations with a substantial body of military followers and conducted negotiations with various third parties. Among the visitors who dined with Elanor of Dover, were leading citizens from the port towns of Sandwich and Winchelsea, whose support or assistance she was presumably trying to enlist, and she fostered relations with visiting ambassadors and merchants from overseas...