[[caption-width-right:320:"The Wounded Cavalier"]]

The favorite era for the {{Swashbuckler}}, this is the age in Europe when lusty musketeers dueled with each other and got sucked into intrigues involving dauphins, {{Corrupt Church}}men and [[TheVamp vampish]] courtesans. [[NiceHat Hats]] with [[FluffyFashionFeathers large feathers]] and boots were in fashion for men. Also UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfPiracy [[{{Pirate}} on the High Seas]], when [[DressedToPlunder eyepatched and peg-legged]] buccaneers buried stolen gold, brandished cutlasses, tied up buxom, bodice-wearing maidens and then forced them to watch as their hapless boyfriends walked the plank.

Somewhere in the middle, [[UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar Britain had a civil war]]. Dashing Cavaliers fought dour Puritans the length and breadth of both islands, and the son of the King hid in an oak tree. The Puritans won, and abolished Christmas, then the country abolished them. The surviving puritans left England and founded the United States, UsefulNotes/CharlesII climbed back out of the oak tree, London burnt to the ground, women were allowed to be actors on stage and Newton invented gravity. Somebody named [[Literature/TheDiaryOfSamuelPepys Pepys kept a diary]].

Later still, King James II, believer in absolute monarchy was run out of Britain in a Glorious Revolution. Parliament's invitation of Stadtholder William III of Orange as the new King made it real clear who is really in charge of the island from now on as modern democracy takes its next step into fruition. Meanwhile, in the Bahamas, this is the best kind of news to the pirate, Film/CaptainBlood and his crew, who were enslaved by James II, as they accept the new king's commission to join the British Navy.

Across the Atlantic, English settlers of all codes and creeds form [[UsefulNotes/TheThirteenAmericanColonies a patch of land along the eastern coasts]] of the New World.

Back on mainland Europe the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar was fought; France, Sweden, and Austria fighting over the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire, hastening its long, painful decline. East of Germany, rowdy Polish nobility alternates between fighting in perpetual wars against Sweden, Muscovy and Turkey, and generally making a mess around themselves. While the Dutch had an economic and cultural boom, ushering their Golden Age which lasted a whole century for them.

Sometimes explicitly called the Age of Exploration, especially the more pirates are involved.

If you want to do the pirates thing on land, remember that after the Restoration in England was the heyday of TheHighwayman, so adventures featuring Dick Turpin and Claude Duval will be at about this time.

Writers and artists of the first half of the 19th century [[NostalgiaFilter LOVED this era]], as a means of [[RomanticismVersusEnlightenment reaction against]] the Industrial Revolution and UsefulNotes/TheEnlightenment of the previous century.

See also the Edo Period of JidaiGeki, the Japanese equivalent coinciding with this era. Also coinciding in this era are UsefulNotes/TheThirteenAmericanColonies across the pond.
!!Popular tropes from this time period are:
* BaroqueMusic: Where it all began with Music/AntonioVivaldi and Music/JohannSebastianBach making an input.
* TheDungAges: 17th and 18th centuries had been the age when bathing was shunned by most European people, up to Kings. During the same age, the perfume industry flourished in France.
* TheEmpire: The Holy Roman Empire in the beginning of the era, and France by the end.
* EvilJesuit: [[HeroWithBadPublicity How they were viewed as]] at the time, to the point that they were expelled in 1767.
* ForeignCultureFetish: Europeans have a love/hate relationship with the [[UsefulNotes/OttomanEmpire Turkish culture]] with caftans, rugs, and Turkish delight on their wishlist.
** Despite the Tokugawa Shogunate closing their doors to the world, the Dutch managed to get a bit of their stuff like kimonos and exotic prints. In turn, the Japanese had a thing for Dutch stuff like clocks, candy, and scientific apparatus of the time.
* GratuitousFrench: Ancien Regime French was the lingua franca for trade and diplomacy. Even for the middle class, you'd be mocked for not speaking it.
* TheHighwayman
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: For England, the ruling kings of UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfStuart like UsefulNotes/JamesTheFirst and VI, UsefulNotes/CharlesI, UsefulNotes/OliverCromwell, UsefulNotes/CharlesII and UsefulNotes/JamesII and VII [[{{Pun}} reigned]] in this era. For France, it was all about the Bourbons with UsefulNotes/LouisXIII and UsefulNotes/LouisXIV while UsefulNotes/CardinalRichelieu spends more time in fiction than he did at Mass. Honorable mentions include the [[UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} House of Vasa]] with King Gustavus Adolphus II and Queen Christina, and scientists like UsefulNotes/IsaacNewton and UsefulNotes/ReneDescartes.
* LandOfTulipsAndWindmills: For the Dutch, the 17th century was their Golden Age economically and culturally.
* MusicOfNote: The era of BaroqueMusic and ClassicalMusic, though several of what we now consider to be the standouts were later VindicatedByHistory. The soundscape of early 18th Century Europe had a lot more Telemann and a lot less Bach than a modern listener would expect, for instance. In Britain, the music of Henry Purcell, Jeremiah Clarke, and Georg Friedrich Handel dominated the local musical scene. Towards the end of the era, Austria became a center for new composers, and the emergence of the Classical composers, like Haydn and Mozart.
* MustHaveCaffeine: Coffee production sales skyrocketed during this era.
* TheMusketeer: Musketeers served as the PraetorianGuard for the [[UsefulNotes/LEtatCestMoi King of France]].
* NiceHat: Plumed bicorne and tricorne hats were the rage everywhere, especially for men, complete with periwig.
* PimpedOutDress: While simplistic in contrast to [[UsefulNotes/TheRenaissance Elizabethan fashions]] and of the Rococo era, women's dresses of the 17th century still served [[SimpleYetOpulent opulence]] in the royal courts. The silhouette and styles became more grandoise and more diverse when UsefulNotes/LouisXIV came to the throne. For the men, cavalier gear in the first half of the 17th century, and coats, waistcoats, and breeches, and powdered wigs in the second half were the dictates in fashion.
* {{Pirate}}: After the 17th century, they were romanticized as rogues and anti-heroes, but during that time, especially in the Caribbean and the Mediterranean, they were actual threats.
* PlayingCyrano
* RoyalRapier: The thinner the sword, the closer you were to the king.
* WoodenShipsAndIronMen: The Age of Exploration was still abound, now their eyes are set on [[LandDownUnder Terra Australis]].

!!Works set in this time period are:


* The French comic ''ComicBook/DeCapeEtDeCrocs'', which makes a good work in giving a feeling of being a piece of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baroque Baroque]] literature. Think of Creator/TerryGilliam's ''Film/TheAdventuresOfBaronMunchausen'', except [[UpToEleven wackier]].
* This era has been visited repeatedly by the [[ComicBook/DieAbrafaxe Abrafaxe]]. Their very first arc (January 1976-December 1977) was set in Dalmatia and Venice in the 17th century. This was followed by an arc set in Hungary, Austria, Bavaria and France at the time of the UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession (January 1978-December 1980). Many years later, in the Baroque series (''Mosaik'' No. 406-429), brainy Brabax as Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's private secretary in the 1690s while Abrax and Brabax are stuck in the France of UsefulNotes/LouisXIV.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': The stories "De Dolle Musketiers", "De Raap van Rubens", "De Jolige Joffer", "De Gladde Glipper", "Angst Op De Amsterdam", "De Kleppende Klipper", "Het Wondere Wolfje" and "Beminde Barabas".

* ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean''. [[HollywoodHistory At least theoretically]].
* The ''Film/CarryOn'' films usually created parodies over popular media and/or historical farces.
** ''Film/CarryOnPimpernel'' was in the days of UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution in which foreigners snuck into France to rescue the French aristocrats.
** ''Film/CarryOnJack'' was a movie about WoodenShipsAndIronMen with a cameo from a dying [[UsefulNotes/HoratioNelson Admiral Nelson]].
** ''Film/CarryOnDick'' was set in the 18th century with the famous English highwayman Dick Turpin who annoyed the secret police and [[GentlemanThief charmed]] the [[AllGirlsWantBadBoys young ladies]], mostly because he was [[AllWomenAreLustful nicknamed]] "[[DoubleEntendre Big Dick]]". [[NotMakingThisUpDisclaimer We are not joking]].
* ''The Dueling Cavalier'' (renamed ''The Dancing Cavalier'' when it was {{retool}}ed into a musical), the movie being made in ''Film/SinginInTheRain''.
* ''Film/QueenChristina'' was set during the reign of [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Queen Christina of Sweden]] of [[UsefulNotes/NotableSwedishMonarchs the House of Vasa]], played by Creator/GretaGarbo. Not necessarily historically accurate,
* ''Film/RobRoy'', the somewhat less-well-known, but better-researched, cousin of ''Film/{{Braveheart}}''.

* ''Literature/{{Simplicissimus}}'' and ''Landstörtzerin Courasche'' by Grimmelshausen
* ''Literature/TheDiaryOfSamuelPepys''
* ''Literature/RobinsonCrusoe''
* ''Literature/MollFlanders''
* ''Literature/AJournalOfThePlagueYear''
* ''Literature/TheThreeMusketeers''
* ''Literature/TreasureIsland''
* Neal Stephenson's ''Literature/TheBaroqueCycle'' is set entirely in this period of time.
* ''Literature/SixteenThirtyTwo'' and its AlternateHistory novel, novella and short-story sequels.
* Creator/PoulAnderson's ''Literature/AMidsummerTempest''. An alternate history Cavalier Years, in a world where Creator/{{Shakespeare}} was the Great Historian, and so it coincides with the Industrial Revolution.
* The Literature/SienkiewiczTrilogy, set in the often-[[MemeticMutation forgotten]] Poland.
* ''Literature/ThePyrates'' is an AffectionateParody not only of pirate tropes (as the title suggests) but also some of the other staples of the period (i.e. Charles II and Pepys appear briefly as characters).
* The historical novel ''Henry Esmond'' involves the later part of the period. The protagonist's mother was a mistress to James II in her youth, and the plot involves [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Francis_Edward_Stuart James Stuart]], the "Old Pretender" (before he was old) and details a fictional moment of him getting within inches of reclaiming the throne.
* ''Literature/TheScarletPimpernel'' is set at the tail end of this period and uses many of its tropes.

[[folder:{{Live-Action TV}}]]
* ''Series/{{Blackadder}}: The Cavalier Years''
** ''Series/{{Blackadder}} the Third'' is set during the regency, but manages to work in a Dick Turpin type highwayman.
* ''Series/HelpImATeenageOutlaw''
* ''Series/ByTheSwordDivided'': Specifically the UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar and the Commonwealth period.
* Creator/TheBBC docu series ''[[Series/BBCHistoricalFarmSeries Tales from the Green Valley]]'', focusing on the life of an average peasant family at a grange in the Welsh-English borderland during the 1620s.
* ''Series/{{Versailles}}''

* The entirety of the Empire in ''TabletopGame/WarhammerFantasy'' was designed around this period.
* ''All For One: Regime Diabolique'' is an RPG where you specifically play as a member of France's Musketeers, in a 1636 that is rather more [[MundaneFantastic supernatural]] than usual.
* ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} Swashbucklers,'' written for the third edition of that game, focuses on musketeers, pirates and (to a lesser extent) highwaymen.
* ''TabletopGame/SeventhSea'' takes place in a setting heavily inspired by this era, with dashes of [[AnachronismStew Viking longboats, Celtic druids, Enlightenment philosophers and steampunk gizmos.]]

* ''Theatre/CyranoDeBergerac''
* ''Theatre/MotherCourageAndHerChildren''

* The ''VideoGame/EuropaUniversalis'' series.
* ''VideoGame/MountAndBlade'': With Fire and Sword.
* ''VideoGame/SidMeiersPirates'' is based in this era as well.