Scenes set in a city, including the EstablishingShot can be enormously fun for people who actually live there if they can nitpick details.

If the shot was actually filmed [[CaliforniaDoubling somewhere else entirely]], it may quickly stop being fun and become headache-inducing, especially if it involves something like TheMountainsOfIllinois.

Not to be confused with HollywoodAtlas.
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!!Examples:
[[index]]
* TelevisionGeography/{{Film}}
* TelevisionGeography/LiveActionTV
[[/index]]

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:General]]
* Brazilians speaking Spanish. This has appeared on ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' as a trick question from time to time.
* Referring to Iranians as "Arabs"; according to TheOtherWiki, Persians constitute 61% of the country's population, Azerbaijanis 16%, Kurds 10%, Lurs 6%, Arabs 2%, Balochs 2%, Turkmens and Turkic tribes 2%, and others 1%. Similar circumstances exist for other non-Arab majority Central Asian countries (such as Turkey and Afghanistan).
* TipisAndTotemPoles
* Watching a ChaseScene filmed in a city you are familiar with? Be ready for FridgeLogic:
** "You can't get to X boulevard from Y street!"
** "How did they get from X boulevard to Z street without passing through B drive?"
** "They just backtracked several miles..."
** "Wow, Route X is surprisingly gridlock free for rush hour..."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Advertising]]
* In Citroën's "Unmistakably German - Made in France" ad, the final insult on its {{Prussia}} take on Germany is getting Berlin's geography wrong. The car pulls up outside the Brandenburg Gate. The guy gets out, the camera switches to show the other side - which clearly shows the Olympic Stadium, which is quite a way away from the Gate.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Anime]]
* Exception: ''Manga/GunsmithCats'' took great pains to get Chicago just right, down to minute details. Of course, it's an animated series for which the cost of location shoots is a non-issue. (They did, however, take the unprecedented step of sending the entire animation team there before even beginning production, to get a sense of the city and take reference photos themselves.)
** They even visited a real gun shop and fired actual guns, which must have been near orgasmic for Japanese gun otaku unaccustomed to the real thing.
* Other exceptions: ''Anime/EdenOfTheEast'' has very accurate landscapes even in New York and Washington DC, and ''LightNovel/{{Durarara}}'' is very accurate in its portrayal of Ikebukuro, down to the vending machines. ''Anime/DarkerThanBlack'' is another good one.
* ''Anime/{{Beyblade}}'' had a tournament in Sydney, Australia. Some characters decide that they want to have private conversation, so they meet ''five minutes later'' on top of Ayers Rock. To those outside Australia, to get from Sydney to Ayers Rock they would have to cross half the country.
* Pretty much any anime where the cast visits San Francisco will place it in the middle of a desert. ''Anime/YuGiOh'' at least makes it a cab ride away.
* ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket'' has an episode set in San Francisco, that implies the San Francisco Bay and the Golden Gate Bridge are within walking distance.
* Naturally used and lampshaded (by [[OnlySaneMan Beauty]]) in ''Manga/BoboboboBobobo''.
* There's a bit in the second arc of ''Manga/DeathNote'' where the characters allegedly go to UsefulNotes/LosAngeles but the scenery actually looks more like the Arizona desert.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''ComicBook/TheUltimates 2'', one panel showing a nice city landscape with an attractive domed building by a large river had a caption claiming its location to be part of EU headquarters in Brussels. Not only is the architecture of the city distinctly out of place (looking significantly more Mediterranean than the city itself) but more glaringly there is no visible river in Brussels! While a river does run through the city, it was built over in the 19th and early 20th century and runs underground for the length of the city.
* Averted by ''ComicBook/ScottPilgrim'', in which most of the locale is recognizably Toronto.
* ''X'', a vigilante super hero from Creator/DarkHorseComics. A scene taking place at the Vietnam Memorial shows office-building skyscrapers in the background. Naturally, no such buildings are anywhere near the place, much less all the more important locales in D.C.
* Parodied and lampshaded in ''ComicBook/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'', with locations (and [[TimeTravel time periods]]) looking only vaguely correct and with Max sarcastically pointing out the level of research taken in the drawings.
* In Alan Moore's ''American Gothic'' run, Swampthing chases La Brujeria to Chiloe, Chile, and we see him appearing from The Green in the middle of an amazonian rainforest, with aborigins and all. Actually, Chiloe is a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valdivian_temperate_rainforest Valdivian temperate rainforest]]. Maybe it was pre-crisis Earth-1 Chiloe.
* During the original ''ComicBook/SecretWars'', one of the chunks that made up the Beyonder's artificial world was a “suburb of Denver.” Not only did the writer not even bother to name that suburb, but the artist gave it brownstones and standard Eastern seaboard apartment buildings, generic city streets, etc.--and even Denver doesn't look like that, let alone any of the suburbs. Needless to say, Colorado readers rolled their eyes.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/LeftBehind'' describes Turkey as being in ''Western Europe''. [[http://www.patheos.com/blogs/slacktivist/2008/05/09/lb-speakerphone/ Slacktivist's page]] includes a handy map to demonstrate that is not, in fact, the case.
** After the Rapture, Buck goes through an ordeal of chartering random planes and making several stops to get from Chicago to New York. The journey winds up taking him many, many hours more than if he had just rented a car and driven it, even assuming he detoured around wrecks. Then when he gets to Manhattan, he walks what is described like ten miles, but in reality is less than two.
* Kafka's unfinished book ''Amerika'' features some serious geographical anomalies -- like the city of Boston being located "just across the Hudson River" from New York City, or having a character try to travel from New York to San Francisco by heading EAST. Scholars are divided as to whether this was intentional surrealism or Kafka just not doing his homework.
* ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' suffers from this horribly. For instance, Forks is described as being a gloomy town. The real Forks is just as sunny as any other town.
** Oddly the Pacific Northwest climate in the movies was a rare jewel of accuracy for both ''Twilight'' and movies in general set up here. It's better than the "usual buckets of rain" that are actually uncommon in RealLife.
*** Then there's the infamous honeymoon on the "west coast of Brazil"...
** In the first movie, which was filmed in Oregon, the scene at the river is clearly on the wrong side of the state borders.
** Not to mention that apparently you can get from Forks [[YouFailGeographyForever to Alaska]] in sixteen hours. On (apparently) one tank of gas. That's almost two and a half thousand miles—Edward would have had to be travelling at supersonic speeds. The Al-Can highway is so long and so remote that they have (or used to have) checkpoints; when you leave one, they radio ahead to the next to tell them you're coming. If you don't show up in a certain amount of time, they go looking for you to make sure you're not dead. This simply cannot be done in sixteen hours.
* ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' is a regular offender. Conan Doyle was a Scot with little knowledge of London, and it shows; it's quite impossible to establish the location of 221b Baker Street because Conan Doyle had no accurate knowledge of the area and simply made it up, and many of Holmes' journeys around London are no better. The "opium den" in Limehouse is clearly taken from generic period fiction.
** Holmes also visits Cambridgeshire in "The Missing Three-Quarter" and walks in an afternoon between three villages which would represent a round trip of about forty miles; this is a rare example as most of his country locations are fictional places with generic or character-based names like "Musgrave Hall", or like ''Hound of the Baskervilles'' based in locations whose names were well-known but with little actual details.
*** The only accurate part of Holmes' journeys are his train trips, because Conan Doyle could presumably read Bradshaw (a very popular railway guide of the time) just as well as anyone else.
* RosemaryEdgehill is atrocious on New York layout. In one of her "Twelve Treasures" fantasies, she puts the Arms & Armor collection in the basement (?) of the "Museum of Natural History"... and moves THAT to Museum Mile, when it is on the West Side.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* "Take Me Home, Country Roads" by John Denver starts out with the lyric "Almost heaven/West Virginia/Blue Ridge Mountains/Shenandoah River". The Shenandoah River barely nicks West Virginia, and the same is true of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
* Canadian folk song "This Land of Ours" contains the line: "I have walked on the sand of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland." The Grand Banks are a site where ocean currents converge and are especially good for ''fishing''; you may well have walked on the sand there, but it would have required SCUBA gear and significant weights.
* Along those same lines, "The Night Chicago Died" by Paper Lace features the lyric, "Daddy was a cop on the east[[note]]though in fairness, this could be a reference to the downtown and adjacent rough areas of the city, which lie just west of Lake Michigan and thus east of the rest of the city[[/note]] side of Chicago." In the words of one respondent to DaveBarry's Bad Songs survey, "There IS no east side of Chicago; just an awfully, awfully big lake. Daddy would've needed scuba gear to walk the beat."
* Billy Joel's song "The Ballad of Billy The Kid" includes the lines "And his daring life of crime/Made him a legend in his time/East and west of the Rio Grande." Years later, Joel shamefacedly admitted bungling his geography -- the Rio Grande flows west to east, and you can only be north or south of it. Actually averted since it flows North-South inside New Mexico.
* "Don't Stop Believing" by Journey tells a tale of a "city boy, born and raised in South Detroit." "South Detroit" is more commonly known as Canada, which is probably not what the San Francisco based band was going for.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The ''TabletopGames/{{Twilight 2000}}'' adventure module "The Black Madonna" is supposedly set in Czestochowa in Poland.
** Though, to be fair, apparently some writers did ''go'' to Krakow. In the middle of Cold War. To write a gamebook. Twenty years of post-Communist development and a conspicuous lack of WorldWarIII later, [[ShownTheirWork the geography and some of the descriptions are still recognisable.]]
* The ''TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse'' module "Rite of Passage" appears to be set in some scrunched-up alternate version of Canada that is barely the size of Mexico and bears little resemblance to the real one. Among other things, it describes a village in northern Saskatchewan as being "nestled in the fog-shrouded mountains"[[note]]there are no mountains in Saskatchewan[[/note]] and "mere 150 miles from Toronto"[[note]]1,500 miles would have been more believable[[/note]].
** Likewise, the origin New Orleans by Night book for ''TabletopGame/VampireTheMasquerade'' is somewhat infamous for referring to "the subways of New Orleans". Not only is it blatantly wrong--New Orleans' trolleys are all above ground--it's not even plausible. Most houses in southern Louisiana don't have basements and the dead can't be buried six feet under due to the groundwater, and we're supposed to believe the city could sustain a ''subway''?
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* There is ''Theatre/TheWintersTale'' with its infamous scene set on "The seacoast of Bohemia"
** This is easily explained as a simple reversal of setting from the book it was based on ("Pandosto or the Triumph of Time" by Robert Greene) which has the action move from Bohemia to Sicily, rather than Sicily to Bohemia. A seacoast of Sicily makes perfect sense...Bohemia not so much.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The opening cutscene for ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil2'' shows a sign for "Grady's Inn" with a 212 area code, which is exclusive to Manhattan.
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Resistance}} Resistance 2]]'' has a secret military bunker on [[SanFrancisco Angel Island]]. When you exit the bunker, the Bay Bridge has suspiciously been painted red.
* In a mild subversion, the Shibuya featured in ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'' is mostly identical to the real Shibuya, but with the names of many stores and buildings changed due to copyright issues (e.g. "Towa Records" instead of Tower Records).
* ''VideoGame/ParasiteEve'' takes place in all sorts of New York landmarks, such as Central Park and the Museum of National History. While the general feel of the places are surprisingly accurate, they play merry hell with the layout, obviously in an attempt to RPG-ize it.
** Chinatown doesn't look anything at all like Manhattan's Chinatown, or any other in NYC. Then there's the three East River crossings all looking like copypasted Brooklyn Bridges. For added hilarity, there's subway trains running across them, when in reality the Brooklyn Bridge is the only one of the three which ''doesn't'' have subway tracks, due to the bridge's age.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Prototype}}'', Manhattan is located in the middle of what appears to be a large bay instead of between 3 rivers, so that [[GravityBarrier all other landmasses are too far to reach]] despite the PlayerCharacter's quite significant aerial movement capabilities.
* There is an arcade game showing a scene of a helicopter flying through massive skyscrapers and listing the location as "Green Bay, Wisconsin". The tallest building in Green Bay is the 10-story St. Vincent's Hospital, as seen in this picture of the [[http://www.olej.com/community.asp skyline]].
* ''VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite'''s map based on New York. The {{mons}}...not so much. These include bison and a weird thing that is supposed to be based on the Nazca lines but looks like a mobile.
** Bouffalant might be inspired by the city of Buffalo, which would still be an example of this trope since the animal doesn't actually live anywhere near New York State.
** Similarly, the original games had a map based on Tokyo and the {{mons}} included the platypus-like Psyduck and the Rafflesia-like Vileplume, among other not-Japanese natives.
* The 1983 arcade game ''MotoRace USA''. Race stages alternated between urban and desert zones, which were mostly suitable, except, for the leg between St. Louis and Chicago, Illinois was transformed into a desert.
* ''VideoGame/DeusExHumanRevolution'' has the CN Tower visible from the Picus building in downtown Montreal. The problem is, the CN Tower is in Toronto, over 400 miles away.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In one ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode, Brian and Stewie visit Munich, and drive in a tour-bus past Munich's [[http://tourismus.meinestadt.de/images/image.php?origin=gallery&id=185325&type=O Old Town Hall]], the [[http://www.mission-base.com/pictures/0404munich/big/muenchen-sendlinger-tor.jpg Sendlinger Tor]] and the [[http://www.mission-base.com/pictures/0404munich/big/muenchen-mariensaeule.jpg Mariensäule]], which are all presented next to each other on a medieval intersection. This couldn't be further from the truth - not only are there hardly any truly medieval buildings left in Munich, but the Mariensäule is in front of the ''new'' Town Hall building [[http://www.tropicalisland.de/germany/bavaria/munich/images/MUC%20Munich%20-%20Marienplatz%20with%20Old%20Town%20Hall%20and%20Mariens%E4ule%20or%20column%20of%20the%20Virgin%20Mary%20at%20its%20center%203008x2000.jpg a hundred meters away from the old one]] (and all three buildings are on the central Marienplatz square, not on some intersection), while the Sendlinger Tor is almost an entire kilometer away from the Marienplatz.
* {{Lampshade}}d in ''WesternAnimation/AssyMcGee''. The series supposedly takes place in Exeter, New Hampshire, a small town, but it is depicted as a crime-ridden metropolis.
* Not exactly geography, but in one episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Gargoyles}}'', King Arthur enters Westminster Abbey... by a door that does not exist. The Chapel of Henry the VII is recognisable enough, but the rather significant King Edward's Chair is on the wrong side, against a wall that also does not exist (the chair, at least, did still contain the Stone of Scone at the time the episode would've been written, however).
* Danville on ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' is within driving distance of Mt. Rushmore for a day trip, yet is also on the ocean.
* Averted ([[WhereTheHellIsSpringfield ironically]]) in ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', which takes great care to get geography down accurately when they visit a major city and to include proper landmarks; for instance, having been released from prison in Tokyo, they are seen to walk away from the Tokyo Police Headquarters (a very distinctive building).
* Lawndale in ''WesternAnimation/{{Daria}}'' is somewhere where snowy mountains, a coastline and a desert are all within a day's driving distance. Somewhere on the West Coast of the United States seemed reasonable... then they drove up to Boston on a day trip in ''Is It College Yet?''.
** WordOfGod puts it in Maryland. [[ShrugOfGod Or maybe Pennsylvania]].
* ''Film/{{Rio}}'' averts with its depiction of Rio de Janeiro. The sequel, however, meshes many distant parts of TheAmazon at walking distance (which the director admits was intentional).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* During a [[CanadianPolitics federal election leaders' debate]], then-Canadian Alliance leader Stockwell Day made a reference to jobs flowing south "like the Niagara River." As was gleefully pointed out to him in most newspapers the next day, the Niagara River flows north.
** This is HilariousInHindsight, because jobs have been steadily flowing ''north'' [[DyingTown out of Niagara]] for decades.
* Many people, most notably former governor general Michaëlle Jean, have mistakenly referred to the view of the Rocky Mountains from Vancouver. Those would be on the other side of the province, actually. The mountains around Vancouver are the North Shore Mountains, part of the Pacific Ranges.
* A Chapman University informational flyer shows a simple map of California and several of its cities. The cities are depicted in positions wildly different from their actual positions. San Diego is depicted as being far inland instead of being near the ocean and much farther north than it really is, San Francisco is shown at the southern end of San Francisco Bay instead of at the bay's exit channel to the ocean, Sacramento is shown too far west, Santa Barbara is shown too far north and west, Los Angeles is shown too far north, and Orange, the very city the university is located in, is shown too far east.
[[/folder]]

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