A particular kind of PeriodPiece set in ancient biblical or mythological times, running the gamut from HeroicFantasy to HistoricalFiction; movies set in the [[AncientGrome Roman empire]] [[HollywoodHistory usually included]]. Alternatively, it may be used to describe FantasyCounterpartCulture equivalents in a secondary world. The subgenre of low-budget SwordAndSandal Italian films of the 50s and 60s is the Peplum.

A [[IncrediblyLamePun classic]] CyclicTrope, as Hollywood has regular periods of fascination with the era, and the trope was named by an early period of such films being popular.

Contrast SwordAndSorcery, on which the name is based (or vice versa). There is often some overlap, especially when mythology gets involved.

SwordAndSandal flicks in the [[TheTimeOfLegends Golden Age of Myth]] were especially popular in UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood; compare EpicMovie. Expect the landscape to resemble sand dunes and/or [[CaliforniaDoubling rural Spain]] throughout, making those sandals look more attractive.

For more information, see TheTimeOfLegends, BibleTimes, AncientGrome.
!!Classical Mythology

[[AC:Comic Books]]
* ''[[ComicBook/HerculesTheThracianWars Hercules: The Thracian Wars]]''

* ''Film/ClashOfTheTitans''
* ''Film/{{Hercules}}'' (1958) and sequels. The first one, starring Steve Reeves, is the [[TropeNamer first movie to be called]] a "sword and sandal" one.
* ''[[Film/{{Hercules2014}} Hercules]]'' (2014), starring Wrestling/DwayneJohnson, based on ''Hercules: The Thracian Wars''.
* ''Film/JasonAndTheArgonauts''
* ''Film/HelenOfTroy''
* ''Film/MySonTheHero''
* ''Film/{{Troy}}''
* ''{{Film/Immortals}}''
* ''Film/TheLegendOfHercules''

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''[[Series/LOdissea L'Odissea]]'' ("The Odyssey") - The Italian-German-Yugoslav co-production starring Bekim Fehmiu, Irene Papas and a young Barbara Bach.
* ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''
* ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess''
* ''Series/YoungHercules''
* ''Series/{{Atlantis}}''

[[AC:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology''
* ''VideoGame/GodOfWar''
* ''VideoGame/RiseOfTheArgonauts''
* ''VideoGame/TitanQuest''
* ''WarriorsLegendsOfTroy''

[[AC:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/RumorsOfWar''

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* ''Disney/{{Hercules}}''

!!Biblical Epics:

* ''Film/{{Barabbas}}''
* ''TheBigFisherman'' - tangential
* ''Film/DemetriusAndTheGladiators'' - a sequel to ''The Robe''
* ''Film/ExodusGodsAndKings''
* ''Film/TheGreatestStoryEverTold''
* ''Film/KingDavid''
* ''Film/{{Noah}}''
* ''Film/TheTenCommandments''
* ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'' - An AffectionateParody.
* ''Film/TheRobe''

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''[[Series/TheBible2013 The Bible]]'' (2013)

* ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar'' - a RockOpera.

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePrinceOfEgypt''
* ''WesternAnimation/JosephKingOfDreams''
* ''WesternAnimation/VeggieTales'' (but only in the episodes that reenact Biblical events, and huge liberties are taken)

[[AC: Other]]
* ''{{Film/Stargate}}'', oddly enough, is a remake of Exodus {{in space}} with AncientAstronauts.
!!Ancient Greece:

* ''Film/ThreeHundred''
* ''[[Film/ThreeHundredRiseOfAnEmpire 300 : Rise Of An Empire]]''
* ''Film/The300Spartans''
* ''Film/{{The Colossus of Rhodes}}'', the first film directed by Sergio Leone.
* ''Film/{{Alexander}}''

* ''Literature/GatesOfFire''
* ''Literature/OverTheWineDarkSea''
!!Ancient Rome:

* ''Film/{{Agora}}''
* ''Film/{{Cabiria}}'' (Italy 1914), one of the first major film epics, set during the Second Punic War. Featuring the BreakoutCharacter Maciste, who went on to be the hero of 25 movies between 1915 and 1927, always played by Bartolomeo Pagano, and was revived for a further 28 movies in the 1960s, played by a number of actors.
* ''Film/{{Centurion}}''
* ''Film/{{Cleopatra}}''
* ''Film/TheEagle''
* ''Film/{{The Fall of The Roman Empire}}''
* ''Film/{{Gladiator}}''
* ''Film/JuliusCaesar''
* ''Film/TheLastLegion''
* ''Film/{{Pompeii}}''
* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'' - Subverts just about all of the standard conventions of movies with a Roman setting. The [[CrucifiedHeroShot crucifixion]] scene especially was very controversial.

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheCaesars''
* ''Series/IClaudius''
* ''Series/{{Masada}}''
* ''Series/{{Rome}}''
* ''Series/SpartacusBloodAndSand''

* ''Literature/BelisariusSeries'': set roughly at the time when TheRomanEmpire evolved into the Byzantine empire.
* ''Literature/BenHur''
* ''Literature/CodexAlera'': Though technically it doesn't take place in the Roman Empire, the setting is essentially built around a displaced Roman legion, and thus closely hews to ancient Rome.
* ''Emperor''
* ''Fabiola''
* ''Literature/{{Imperium}}''
* ''The Last Days of Pompeii''
* ''Literature/MarcusDidiusFalco''- A series of novels centering on a PrivateDetective during the reign of Vespasian.
* ''Literature/MastersOfRome''
* ''QuoVadis''
* ''RomaSubRosa''- ''Another'' PrivateDetective series, this time set in the late republic.
* ''Ein Kampf um Rom'' ("A Fight for Rome") by Felix Dahn, about the last years of the Western Roman Empire.

* ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'' - An AffectionateParody of this genre.
* ''Androcles And The Lion'', an early Deconstruction

[[AC:Video Games]]

* ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresI''. It starts in the Stone Age, but one of the main goals in any scenario is to upgrade your civilization to this trope. The Expansion, The Rise Of Rome, also fits here.
* ''Videogame/CenturionDefenderOfRome''
* ''CircusMaximus'' - the first (and most likely only) racing game that exclusively utilizes chariots
* ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth'', similar to ''Age of Empires''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gladius}}''
* ''VideoGame/RomeTotalWar'' and ''VideoGame/TotalWarRomeII''
* ''VideoGame/ShadowOfRome'' - basically ''Franchise/MetalGear'' [-IN ANCIENT ROME!-]
* ''VideoGame/SpartanTotalWarrior'' - play as a Spartan fighting Romans.