A particular kind of PeriodPiece set in ancient [[BibleTimes biblical]] or [[TheTimeOfLegends mythological]] times, running the gamut from HeroicFantasy to HistoricalFiction. Movies set in UsefulNotes/TheRomanRepublic or UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire, or even in AncientGrome, are [[HollywoodHistory usually included]]. Alternatively, it may be used to describe FantasyCounterpartCulture equivalents in a secondary world. The subgenre of low-budget SwordAndSandal Italian films of the 50s and 60s is the ''Peplum''.

A [[IncrediblyLamePun classic]] CyclicTrope, as Hollywood has regular periods of fascination with the era, and the trope was named by an early period of such films being popular, being a staple of UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood.

Contrast SwordAndSorcery, on which the name is based (or vice versa). Strictly speaking, the two genres are distinguished by SwordAndSorcery having explicitly fantastic settings, while Sword And Sandal at least pretends to depict real-world historical settings. There is often some overlap though, especially when mythology gets involved.

Expect the landscape to resemble sand dunes and/or [[CaliforniaDoubling rural Spain]] throughout, making those sandals look more attractive.

The equivalent would be {{Wuxia}} for China, and JidaiGeki for Japan, in somes cases, though these [[PeriodPiece Period Pieces]] may also include elements of TheMiddleAges, or even later ages, that are absent in SwordAndSandal ones.

Compare EpicMovie.



[[folder: Classical Mythology]]


[[AC:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/AgeOfBronze''
* ''[[ComicBook/HerculesTheThracianWars Hercules: The Thracian Wars]]''

* ''Film/ClashOfTheTitans1981''
* ''Film/ClashOfTheTitans2010''
* ''Film/ColossusAndTheHeadhunters''
* ''[[Film/HelenOfTroy Helen of Troy (1956)]]''
* ''Film/{{Hercules 1958}}'' and sequels. The first one, starring Steve Reeves, is the [[TropeNamer first movie to be called]] a "sword and sandal" one.
* ''Film/{{Hercules 1983}}'', starring Lou Ferrigno. Followed by a sequel in 1985.
* ''Film/{{Hercules 2014}}'', starring Wrestling/DwayneJohnson, based on ''Hercules: The Thracian Wars''.
* ''Film/HerculesAgainstTheMoonMen'', actually a Maciste film [[DolledUpInstallment repackaged for US distribution]].
* ''Film/HerculesAndTheCaptiveWomen'' (originally "Hercules And The Conquest Of Atlantis")
* ''{{Film/Immortals}}''
* ''Film/JasonAndTheArgonauts''
* ''Film/TheLegendOfHercules''
* ''Film/TheLovesOfHercules''
* ''Film/{{Minotaur}}''
* ''Film/MySonTheHero''
* ''Film/{{Troy}}''

[[AC: Literature]]
* ''Literature/TheSorcererOfTheWildeeps'', which seems heavily inspired by ''Literature/TheEpicOfGilgamesh'' and involves fantastic versions of AncientAfrica and AncientRome.
* The novel ''Literature/WarGod'' by Creator/TimMarquitz is a DeconstructiveParody of this genre. The antiheroes intend to rig a tournament about this by upping the violence and murder to make their FakeUltimateHero look good so they can clean up when he crashes and burns.

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Atlantis}}''
* ''[[Film/HelenOfTroy Helen of Troy (2003)]]''
* ''Series/{{Hercules}}''
* ''Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys''
* ''[[Series/LOdissea L'Odissea]]'' ("The Odyssey") - The Italian-German-Yugoslav co-production starring Bekim Fehmiu, Irene Papas and a young Barbara Bach.
* ''Series/TroyFallOfACity''
* ''Series/XenaWarriorPrincess''
* ''Series/YoungHercules''

[[AC:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology''
* ''VideoGame/{{Apotheon}}''
* ''VideoGame/GodOfWar''
** ''VideoGame/GodOfWarII''
** ''VideoGame/GodOfWarIII''
* ''VideoGame/OedipusInMyInventory''
* ''VideoGame/RiseOfTheArgonauts''
* ''VideoGame/TitanQuest''
* ''VideoGame/WarriorsLegendsOfTroy''

[[AC:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/RumorsOfWar''

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* ''Disney/{{Hercules}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/HerculesAndXenaTheAnimatedMovieTheBattleForMountOlympus''


[[folder: Biblical Epics]]

* ''Film/{{Barabbas}}''
* ''Film/TheBible1966''
* ''TheBigFisherman'' - tangential
* ''Film/DemetriusAndTheGladiators'' - a sequel to ''The Robe''
* ''Film/ExodusGodsAndKings''
* ''Film/TheFourthWiseMan''
* ''Film/TheGreatestStoryEverTold''
* ''Film/KingDavid''
* ''Film/KingOfKings''
* ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'' - An AffectionateParody.
* ''Film/{{Noah}}''
* ''Peter and Paul''
* ''Film/{{Risen}}''
* ''Film/TheRobe''
* ''Film/TheTenCommandments''

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Moses the Lawgiver''
* ''Series/JesusOfNazareth''
* ''A.D''
* ''[[Series/TheBible2013 The Bible]]''
** ''Series/ADTheBibleContinues''
* ''Series/OfKingsAndProphets''

* ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar'' - a RockOpera.
* ''Theatre/JosephAndTheAmazingTechnicolorDreamcoat''

[[AC:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/JosephKingOfDreams''
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePrinceOfEgypt''
* ''WesternAnimation/VeggieTales'' (but only in the episodes that reenact Biblical events, and huge liberties are taken)

[[AC: Other]]
* ''{{Film/Stargate}}'', oddly enough, is a remake of Exodus {{in space}} with AncientAstronauts.


[[folder: Ancient West Asia / Egypt / Middle East (non-Biblical)]]

* ''Film/GodsOfEgypt'' - albeit with nominal ScienceFiction elements through AncientAstronauts.
* ''Film/TheScorpionKing'' series, a SpinOff from ''Film/TheMummyTrilogy'', whose films have prologues set in this era.

[[AC:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedOrigins''

[[folder: Ancient Greece]]

[[AC:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/ThreeHundred''
* ''ComicBook/{{Three}}''

* ''Film/ThreeHundred''
** ''[[Film/ThreeHundredRiseOfAnEmpire 300 : Rise Of An Empire]]''
* ''Film/The300Spartans''
* ''Film/{{Alexander}}''
* ''Film/{{The Colossus of Rhodes}}'', the first film directed by Sergio Leone.

* ''Literature/GatesOfFire''
* ''Literature/OverTheWineDarkSea''
* ''Hashire! Melos'' (Run, Melos!) - A short story by author Osamu Dazaki, based on an ancient Greek legend recorded by Hyginus. It's become a staple of Japanese media and adapted to anime, dorama, etc.


[[folder: Ancient Rome]]

* ''ComicBook/LesAiglesDeRome''

* ''Film/{{Agora}}''
* ''Film/AndroclesAndTheLion''
* ''Film/{{Cabiria}}'' (Italy 1914), one of the first major film epics, set during the Second Punic War. Featuring the BreakoutCharacter Maciste, who went on to be the hero of 25 movies between 1915 and 1927, always played by Bartolomeo Pagano, and was revived for a further 28 movies in the 1960s, played by a number of actors.
* ''Film/CaesarAndCleopatra''
* ''Film/CarryOnCleo'' -- a parody of this trope, specifically Shakespeare's historical tragedies and the Creator/ElizabethTaylor ''Cleopatra'' film.
* ''Film/{{Centurion}}''
* ''Film/{{Cleopatra}}''
* ''Film/TheEagle''
* ''Film/{{The Fall of The Roman Empire}}''
* ''Film/{{Gladiator}}''
* ''Film/JuliusCaesar''
* ''Film/KingArthur''
* ''Film/TheLastLegion''
* ''Film/{{Pompeii}}''
* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'' -- subverts just about all of the standard conventions of movies with a Roman setting. The [[CrucifiedHeroShot crucifixion]] scene especially was very controversial.

[[AC:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Britannia}}''
* ''Series/TheCaesars''
* ''Series/IClaudius''
* ''Series/{{Masada}}''
* ''Series/{{Rome}}''
* ''Series/SpartacusBloodAndSand''

* ''Literature/BelisariusSeries'' -- set roughly at the time when UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire evolved into the Byzantine empire.
* ''Literature/BenHur''
* ''Literature/CodexAlera'': Though technically it doesn't take place in the Roman Empire, the setting is essentially built around a displaced Roman legion, and thus closely hews to ancient Rome.
* ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''
* ''Emperor''
* ''Fabiola''
* ''Literature/{{Imperium}}''
* ''The Last Days of Pompeii''
* ''Literature/MarcusDidiusFalco'' -- A series of novels centering on a PrivateDetective during the reign of Vespasian.
* ''Literature/MastersOfRome''
* ''Literature/QuoVadis''
* ''Literature/RomaSubRosa'' -- ''Another'' PrivateDetective series, this time set in the late republic.

* ''Theatre/AndroclesAndTheLion'', an early Deconstruction
* ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'' -- An AffectionateParody of this genre.

[[AC:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresI''. It starts in the Stone Age, but one of the main goals in any scenario is to upgrade your civilization to this trope. The Expansion, The Rise Of Rome, also fits here.
* ''Videogame/CenturionDefenderOfRome''
* ''VideoGame/CircusMaximus'' -- the first (and most likely only) racing game that exclusively utilizes chariots
* ''VideoGame/EmpireEarth'', similar to ''Age of Empires''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gladius}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Imperivm}}''
* ''VideoGame/RomeTotalWar'' and ''VideoGame/TotalWarRomeII''
* ''VideoGame/RyseSonOfRome''
* ''VideoGame/ShadowOfRome'' -- basically ''Franchise/MetalGear'' [-IN ANCIENT ROME!-]
* ''VideoGame/SpartanTotalWarrior'' -- play as a Spartan fighting Romans.