Many proudly proclaim that they are impartial to the use of SpecialEffects in a movie, and value more that the movie have a brain (and presumably also a heart, lungs, stomach, and other major organs, but let's not go there or the metaphor might spleen away). But we all know the truth: SpecialEffects can make or [[SpecialEffectsFailure break]] a movie faster than a SerialKiller can cut the PluckyComicRelief in two with a machete in a shower of HighPressureBlood.

So, here are some of the ways movies fool us (or don't) with the {{Spectacle}} of fiction.

SpecialEffects can be classed into subgroups depending on how they were acheived:
[[index]]
* InCameraEffects - achieved by manipulating the camera or its parts
* PracticalEffects - achieved by the manipulation of the set itself, or by use of props on the set
* MiniatureEffects - a particular kind of practical effect, often credited separately, using minature models.
* ComputerGeneratedImages or CGI - utilising graphics generated and manipulated by computer

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!!Special Effect Tropes
* TheCoconutEffect
* DigitalHeadSwap
* DramaticSpotlight
* EvolutionaryRetCon
* FantasticFireworks
* FatSuit
* GratuitousSpecialEffects
* HighPressureBlood
* LudicrousGibs
* NaturalSpotlight
* ObscuredSpecialEffects
* ObviousStuntDouble
* OffTheShelfFX
* OminousVisualGlitch
* RubberForeheadAliens
* SpecialEffectBranding
* SpecialEffectsEvolution
* SpecialEffectFailure
* StyrofoamRocks
* WetForDry
[[/index]]

'''Related Tropes'''
* {{Stripperific}}
* VideoInsideFilmOutside
* FanService (Often said to be the "cheapest special effect.")
* TakeOurWordForIt and CoconutSuperpowers (Often even cheaper!)
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!!Gathered here are some cool and corny special effects, for your reading pleasure.

[[AC:Blood]]
* In old black and white films, ''chocolate syrup'' was used to simulate blood. Its dark color and viscosity made for pretty convincing texture.
** For color films, Karo-brand sugar syrup plus red food coloring became the standard, and is still used today.
** Cheaper productions can use a combination of chocolate and strawberry syrups as a quick shortcut.
*** [=WikiHow=] has [[http://www.wikihow.com/Make-Fake-Blood a whole article]] on alternative ways to make fake blood.

[[AC:Camera Effects]]
* With older, non-digital cameras, using a black screen or cover so that only part of the film is exposed (and thus the rest can have something else filmed onto it).
* A dark cover could be used to simulate night-time while shooting in daytime. Unfortunately it does nothing to eliminate shadows caused by sunlight, leading to the slightly hilarious effect of having obvious sun-shadow at night.
* A filmmaker could create a "ghost" by exposing the film to the same scene twice, once with and once without the actor.
* The [[{{Rotoscoping}} Rotoscope]] is a device which projects film images downward onto a table, where the image can be traced by hand. Although the Rotoscope machine has been superceded by Photoshop-type software, the techniques remain largely the same.
** By tracing the outline of an object in the frame, a custom-shaped traveling matte can be created. This is how the (models of) Imperial Walkers in ''[[StarWars Return Of The Jedi]]'' were able to walk behind (real) trees.
** A less common usage is to actually trace the ''entire'' film image, creating a completely hand-drawn frame. Ralph Bakshi's adaptation of ''TheLordOfTheRings'' used this technique, and it was also used for spaceship shots in the 70s/80s ''WesternAnimation/FlashGordon'' cartoon.
** ChromaKey (more commonly known as ''green/blue screen'') is an evolution of the same concept. Only by using a vibrant and bright color the computer can automatically know where to rotoscope for you.

[[AC:Environmental Effects]]
* Backlighting is used for rain scenes, as rain doesn't show on camera otherwise.
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