->''Sometimes I feel like my only friend\\
Is {{the city}} I live in, [[UsefulNotes/LosAngeles City of Angels]],\\
Lonely as I am, together we cry...''
-->--'''Music/RedHotChiliPeppers''', "Under the Bridge"

In most works, the setting is static. A backdrop against which the world itself is painted. The world affects the characters, but it doesn't interact with them. These works are different. Sometimes the setting itself is a character in the work. It interacts with the characters. Reacts to what they do. It's almost like the setting understands the characters, and is one itself.

This is most likely when the setting is some kind of ship. Spaceships and large boats are good for breaking down at inopportune moments, then starting right back up after the mechanic sweet talks them. It's also common, especially in FilmNoir and [[NoirEpisode stylistic pastiches thereof]], to talk about TheCity as a being which, much like a living organism, is made up of millions of subsystems going about their own business to form an emergent whole. Any sort of setting that functions as a character in the narrative works though.

'''Note:''' This is ''NOT'' GeniusLoci, a location that actually ''is'' a living being. The landscape isn't actually alive, it just acts like it at times. When the setting is a [[SpaceOpera space ship]], don't confuse it with SapientShip (a ship that thinks and talks) or a LivingShip (an example of OrganicTechnology).

See also: CompanionCube.

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!Examples

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''SpaceBattleshipYamato'': the ''Yamato'' is the main character of the show. It is the ''ship's'' fighting spirit that enables their amazing victories.
* ''OnePiece'': the Merry Go is [[spoiler:was]] considered a character. It has been featured on the title page (a spot reserved for the Straw Hat Crew), crew members have caught brief glimpses of a shadowy spirit-like figure ''fixing it[[spoiler:(self)]]'', and, at one point, came seemingly out of nowhere to pick the crew up. It even [[spoiler:had some last words to say to the crew just before it died.]]
* The eponymous air force base in all adaptations of ''Manga/{{Area 88}}''.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''SinCity'' is the main character of the series according to WordOfGod. The protagonists refer to the city as a living being metaphorically, mentioning how she thinks and acts. The city is also said to have a negative effect on peoples' state of mind.
* ''ComicBook/AstroCity'' is the happier version of the above example. The city inspired much more hope and awe, mostly due to being a CityOfAdventure.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/EventHorizon'': the [[spoiler:eponymous spaceship]] went [[spoiler:ToHellAndBack and has become an EldritchLocation. Though it doesn't appear sentient, it seems to act as a malevolent force.]]
* In ''Film/TheHangover 2'', people keep saying of a missing person, "Bangkok's got him!" One of the main characters wonders why people keep phrasing it that way.
* Screenwriting guru Syd Field argues that the main character of the 1976 movie Network, is the network.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** A sailboat has proved 'alive' enough to have an actual post-death existence.
** Ankh-Morpork would definitely count as well, especially in the Night Watch books. Various characters have described the city as a BrilliantButLazy LoveableRogue, who is utterly filthy, has a love/hate relationship with royalty, and shies away from conflict so it can defeat enemies via either bribery or assimilation.
* ''Literature/CodexAlera'': Captain Demos' ship The Slive is one giant wood fury; as such, Demos is able to manipulate it to give himself an advantage in nearly any fight that occurs on it.
* ChinaMieville uses this trope frequently, and very well. ''PerdidoStreetStation, {{Kraken}}'', and ''Literature/TheCityAndTheCity'' are all good examples.
* In Lois Lowry's ''Literature/{{Messenger}}'', Forest, an actual forest, is discussed as a character with a capitalized name. It kills people, seeming at random, sometimes with a warning afterwhich the person can't enter without fear of death. It also changes and can grow plants very fast.
* In ''The Slow Regard of Silent Thngs'', everything in the Underthing is referred to as a character, from the rooms to an old belt buckle.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/{{Firefly}}'': Played with in the final episode when River [[spoiler:tricks the bounty hunter Jubal Early into believing that Serenity, the ship which is constantly anthropomorphised throughout the series, is actually alive, and that she has become a part of it.]]
** The metaphorical meaning also applies - Whedon considered the ship to count as a main character (just ahead of River's feet).
** One of the DVD collection's special features is titled "Serenity: The Tenth Character".
* ''Series/StargateUniverse'': ''Destiny'', the Ancient ship that's home to the main characters. While it's not actually sentient (we think), it had enough quirks and foibles to fall into the category within the first few episodes. For the first season, the ship navigates on its own and runs 90% of functions without the crew's input, based on parameters set by the Ancients that the main characters can't figure out. In season 2, we learn that the ship can affect brain waves to cause dreams and hallucinations.
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'': USS Enterprise, NCC-1701, was a big part of Engineer Scott's appeal as well; he served as her advocate amongst the cast and was most directly responsible for her life-saving bursts of energy.
* ''Series/TheStreetsOfSanFrancisco'': Series creator Quinn Martin said that the city of San Francisco was "the third star of the series", after Karl Malden and Michael Douglas (who played the two cops who were ostensibly the leads of the show).

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Music ]]

* Music/TheProtomen, refer to ''The City'' as a character, in both Act I and Act II. A city that's asleep and in darkness but that will be woken up. [[spoiler: It doesn't wake up though.]]
* The Music/RedHotChiliPeppers' "Under the Bridge," a love song to Los Angeles... and heroin.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''Franchise/SilentHill'': "Silent Hill" seems to have a personality, doubled by the fact that it bases its forms by the heart of those that enter.
* The city of Kirkwall grows and changes over the course of ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'', though it's a particularly dark example in that it seems to actively resist Hawke's attempts to make it a better place.

[[/folder]]
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