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[[quoteright:325:[[ComicBook/MonicasGang http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ReferenceOverdosed_323_675.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:325:All the blue fictional people that could have been in Creator/JamesCameron's ''Film/{{Avatar}}''.[[note]]'''On the top from left to right, going up:''' Franchise/TheSmurfs, [[WesternAnimation/{{Rio}} Blu]], [[Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Squirtle]], [[WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends Bloo]], a [[Franchise/GreenLantern Guardian of the Universe]], a blue Franchise/{{Care Bear|s}}, [[WesternAnimation/TheHuckleberryHoundShow Huckleberry Hound]], [[VideoGame/PacMan Inky]], [[WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures Buster Bunny]], Franchise/{{Sonic|TheHedgehog}}, [[WesternAnimation/TheJetsons Rosie the Robot]], [[WesternAnimation/DynomuttDogWonder The Blue Falcon]], WesternAnimation/{{Captain Planet|AndThePlaneteers}}, ComicBook/BlueBeetle (Ted Kord), [[Series/SesameStreet Grover]], WesternAnimation/{{Freakazoid}}, [[ComicBook/{{Watchmen}} Dr. Manhattan]], [[WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadrunner The Roadrunner]], WesternAnimation/{{Pocoyo}}, a [[Franchise/StarWars Twi'lek]], [[Disney/LiloAndStitch Stitch]], and [[Franchise/XMen Nightcrawler]]. '''Center row:''' [[http://static.cineclick.com.br/uploads/imagens/365x260/129816.jpg two]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blu_(comic_strip_character)&pe=1& characters]] [[MythologyGag from the regular comic]], [[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife Flik]], [[WesternAnimation/BluesClues Blue]], and [[http://www.planete-jeunesse.com/fiche-1164-fleche-bleue.html The Blue Racer]]. '''Third row:''' [[Franchise/TheMuppets Gonzo]], the [[WesternAnimation/TheAntAndTheAardvark Aardvark]], a blue Franchise/{{Power Ranger|s}}, the [[Disney/{{Aladdin}} Genie]], [[WesternAnimation/MonstersVsAliens B.O.B.]], [[WesternAnimation/{{Superfriends}} Gleek]], a [[WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine Blue Meanie]], and WesternAnimation/JabberJaw.[[/note]]]]

->"''Is it just me or am I making a lot of references in this episode?''"
-->-- '''Linkara''', ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall''

Any work where the {{Homage}}s and [[ShoutOut Shout-Outs]] are too numerous to count. Basically, if there are enough references to make a [=ShoutOut/=] sub-page, the work is overdosed.

Often these are fan works or comedies (goes triple if the series is a {{Long Runner|s}}), since it would be distracting to have so many of these in more serious works, save for comic relief moments.

But even in the appropriate works, how well this is done depends on most of the references being done well. If a work overestimates the audience's knowledge this might overlap to ViewersAreGeniuses. This sometimes works: those who are familiar with the references will enjoy it. The references can even turn into multiple {{Genius Bonus}}es.
And those who are unfamiliar with it might be encouraged to look up more information about the reference in order to understand it. That way they feel challenged and rewarded for their effort and grow along with the creator. But in instances where too much stuff just flies over the audience's heads the general public could feel alienated and lose interest.

If a work mostly consists of stuff referencing other stuff the dangerous border to blatant UsefulNotes/{{Plagiarism}} and/or sheer uninspiredness might be crossed. The audience might even feel as if it's just watching/listening/reading a scene by scene rehash of other, more original works.

A SuperTrope to SpeaksInShoutOuts.

Compare TropeOverdosed, {{Pastiche}}, FountainOfMemes, ContinuityCavalcade.



* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCXr7ECpGQg The ad for Pepsi Minis]].

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/PaniPoniDash'' literally has well over 500 over the course of a 26 episode series and 1 OVA.
* ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'', aside from its reference to several other shows, has countless split-second shout-outs written on the classroom's blackboards which change every other second.
* ''Manga/LuckyStar''
* ''Anime/ExcelSaga''
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima''
* ''Anime/DigimonXrosWars'', to the point it needs [[ShoutOut/DigimonXrosWars a separate page for its examples.]]
* The first season of the ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'' anime. The manga too, but not as much. The second season still has tons of references, albeit a bit more subtle about it.
* ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' makes references to as many characters, mangas, movies, and videogames as it can. ''Especially'' videogames.
* ''Manga/{{Genshiken}}''
* ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'' to several series under the HumongousMecha genre such as ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWars'', ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'', and ''Anime/GaoGaiGar'', as well as a few others outside of that genre such as ''AceCombat'' and ''KamenRider''.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''
* ''Manga/PrincessResurrection''
* ''Manga/KeroroGunsou''
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}''
* While it's always been a tradition for some HumongousMecha designs in ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' shows to riff on ones from previous series, ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDDestiny Gundam SEED Destiny]]'' cranks it to the max. The best example is probably the colossal Destroy Gundam, a [[Anime/MobileSuitZetaGundam Psyco Gundam]] knockoff that turns into a [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam Big Zam]].
** Not to be outdone, ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamAGE'' is also this, with multitudes of {{ShoutOut}}s to previous animated series inside, and sometimes outside, of the franchise.
*** ''AGE'' even gets a bit {{Meta}} with its references, as mobile suits will often have specs borrowed directly from their closest Universal Century counterpart. For example, the Gundam AGE-1 has the same height and weight figures as the original Gundam, the AGE-2 is comparable to the Zeta Gundam, etc.
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'' episode 4 had an [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?&v=lNyyVE1F6bU#t=2m55s enormous variety of older mobile suits]] fighting alongside modern designs. {{Lampshaded}} by a Londo Bell soldier, who calls the battlefield a "walking war museum".
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' makes references ''constantly'', and has devoted entire chapters and even story arcs to them at times.
* ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'' combines this with CulturalCrossReference.
* ''Anime/KirbyRightBackAtYa''
* ''Manga/MariaHolic''
* And, while the main culprits are already listed, practically every other [[Creator/StudioSHAFT Shaft]] show counts too.
* ''LightNovel/HaiyoreNyarkoSan'' has, besides its Cthulhu {{Mythology Gag}}s, lots and lots and '''lots''' of references; the most-used gags relate to ''KamenRider'', ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' and ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'', but they also shout out to ''IchigoMashimaro'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', ''VideoGame/MonsterHunter'', ''Film/MenInBlack'', ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', ''{{Macross}}'', obscure {{JRPG}}s, Japanese ads...let's just say that turning this show into a DrinkingGame would be ''very'' ill-advised. This even works internally, with the alien characters being devotees of [[AliensStealCable Earth's popular culture]] and referencing their favorite shows and games in everyday conversation, such as Nyarko performing ''Franchise/KamenRider'' poses apropos of nothing.
** There are so many that [[http://nyaruref.blogspot.it/ a blog]] was created for the sole purpose of listing them all!
* The anime for ''LightNovel/AsobiNiIkuYo'', known as Cat Planet Cuties in the US.
* ''LightNovel/SeitokaiNoIchizon''
* Anything with a name in ''Anime/EurekaSeven'' is a reference to something, usually music-related (with American cinema being the next most frequent source). This includes episode titles, which, except for one, are all song titles...
* ...which is nothing compared to ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'': While the actual series keeps musical references to a minimum, every chapter title since the series began is either the title of a song, the name of a band, or a line of lyrics, usually slightly modified. Bear in mind that as a {{Long Runner|s}}, ''Bleach'' is well over 500 chapters long, meaning it has at ''least'' that many musical references.
* ''Anime/PrincessTutu'' makes [[WholePlotReference Whole Episode References]] to tons of ballets, plus some other operas, fairy tales, and classical music. GeniusBonus abounds.
* ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'' is absolutely '''packed''' with references to music that's popular in the west, mainly in the names of characters and Stands (the latter since the Diamond is Unbreakable arc)). Some of the most referenced sources in the comic include ''Music/TheBeatles'', ''Music/PinkFloyd'', ''Music/LedZeppelin'', ''Music/{{ACDC}}'', ''Music/{{Queen}}'', and ''Music/{{Prince}}'', just to name a few. That's not even getting into the other bits of western popular culture and all the homages to Italy that are littered throughout the work (especially in the Vento Aureo arc).
* ''Manga/BoboboboBobobo'' has so many Japanese pop-cultural references that trying to find and explain every single one will make your head spin. A large portion of the instantly recognizable ones are references and spoofs of either ''Manga/{{Kinnikuman}}'' or ''Manga/DragonBall''.
* ''Anime/SpaceDandy'' has its own [[ShoutOut/SpaceDandy Shout-Out page]], with each episode having its own list. Most of the references caught are for other anime series set in space, though there is the odd reference to American pop culture too.
* ''Anime/KillLaKill''
* ''Anime/GreenVsRed'' was made to celebrate Lupin III's 40th anniversary, and it shows: there are countless references to other films, episodes and everything related to the character, including the original manga and even a nod to Taito who made the very first Lupin video game in 1980.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}'' has a whole load, especially musical references, but also to works of literature and to modern (1980s) pop-culture.
* ''Comicbook/{{Asterix}}'' references a lot of history, culture and other stuff from the Ancient Roman Empire. This includes untranslated Latin phrases as well! Apart from that several references to later time periods can be found as well. Some of them only comprehensible to a French audience, others too old to be recognized by modern audiences, like winks to Corsican singer Tino Rossi, the 1930s movie "Marius" and politicians of the 1970s.
* ''Comicbook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen''. Specially in the latest graphic novels. Seriously, you will be surprised how many British 60s sitcom characters can appear in a number of pages. It wasn't until the third series that there was an original speaking character not absconded from an earlier work (even background characters running from a battle were Fagin, Dodger, and company), and that original character was Champion Bond of her majesty's secret service.
* And also Alan Moore's ''ComicBook/TopTen'', which came out at the same time as the early installments of ''[=LoEG=]''. Practically every background character, business name, vehicle or grafitto is a shout out to someone or something.
* ''ComicBook/DeCapeEtDeCrocs'' is the French equivalent of ''Comicbook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' in terms of number of {{Shout Out}}s ''per panel'', starting with the title.
* ''Comicbook/TheSandman'' is an unusual serious example; it probably manages to stay serious because its {{Homage}}s and {{Shout Out}}s are usually to myths or the classics instead of pop culture.
* ''ComicBook/ScottPilgrim'', particularly in relation to video games and music.
* ''ComicBook/KillShakespeare'' has a lot of references to Shakespeare, naturally.
* As you can see in the picture above, the ''ComicBook/MonicasGang'' comic can get so blatant and ridiculous in it's shout outs, it can be called RefugeInAudacity (and that ''Avatar'' parody manages to put more blue characters - which include a real person, [[TheBeautifulGame Zinedine Zidane]], decked in France colors[[note]]It works because "Les Bleus" - French for "The Blues", and part of his battlecry in the referref panel - is the nickname of the French team, thus helping him blend in with the other blue characters[[/note]] - in another [[http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ccMz8fz5pbM/Tap8vBlxZbI/AAAAAAAACmw/bfmDx9HqhOQ/s640/o2o2.jpg panel]]). This also applies to other Brazilian comics, such as ''HolyAvenger''.
** A RunningGag on a satirical Website/{{Tumblr}} about ''Monica's Gang'' is saying "Mauricio's lawyers, get ready…" every time the comic uses NoCelebritiesWereHarmed. (the caption of the page image was "that panel alone is probably worth two billion in lawsuits, dammit!")
** [[http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m8rcryOcAY1qbnzf6o1_1280.jpg This]], taken from their ''Film/TronLegacy'' parody -- the series has an UniversalAdaptorCast and writers who love a WholePlotReference - even lampshades that "This place is a ''[[ElmuhFuddSyndwome newd pawadise]]''!"
** Also [[http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-f1JdVKPSKRY/Udt66JGpD9I/AAAAAAAAA7c/zEtPr-JXmQ0/s1600/_Vingadoidos%20%282%29.JPG this ensemble of archers]] from their ''[[Film/TheAvengers Avengers]]'' parody. Notably, [[MythologyGag classic Hawkeye is in the crowd]] (they actually wanted ''their'' Hawkeye, who was being played by Smudge).
* ''Comicbook/{{Nero}}'' : Since this was a newspaper comic it contains thousands of references to stuff that was current when the comics were published in the papers. Famous politicians and media celebrities from the second half of the 20th century will have a cameo or have jokes based on them. The author also threw in several references to his personal life, including colleagues and exotic animals he encountered during his safaris. Unfortunately this is also the reason why reprints have included some necessary background explanations to put stuff into context.
* ''Comicstrip/DeKiekeboes'': Also contains several references, most of them to artists and comedians the author enjoys.
* ''Comicstrip/{{Urbanus}}'': Several references to other comics, TV shows, films and Dutch and Flemish pop culture stuff.
* ''ComicBook/{{Agent327}}'': Many references, shout-outs and name drops, mostly to Dutch culture and society. Especially in later albums the author went berserk with this.
* The author of ''ComicStrip/BloomCounty'' wrote that:
-->Bloom County'' was awash with pop culture references and celebrity mockery... largely because those beguiling assets were virtually absent from the comedic media at the time. But just look at us now. No, it's not my &@%# fault.''
* ''ComicBook/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicIDW'': Any story drawn by Andy Price usually includes overwhelming amounts of pop-culture references in the background.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* This can actually be quite a problem in fanworks, especially since (a) the authors are generally pretty geeky by default, (b) there's often an unusually large amount of interaction between writer and audience, and (c) they're derived from pre-established settings anyway. Eventually, the sheer quantity of {{Shout Out}}s to other shows can reach critical mass, causing a hitherto coherent story to collapse into a formless heap of references.
* The ''StarWars''[=/=]''MassEffect'' crossover ''FanFic/{{Fractured}}'' has a ton of shout-outs and some [[WholePlotReference Partial-Plot References]] to boot. It and its [[FanFic/SovereignGFCOrigins sequel]] both have [[ShoutOut shout-outs]] to canon material that wasn't even ''released'' at the time of writing (''Fractured'') or is nonexistent in its fanon (''Origins''), mainly ''VideoGame/MassEffect3''.
* In keeping with its [[WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries source material]], FanFic/DecksFallEveryoneDies has a lot of references.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' [[FanFic/ShinjiAndWarhammer40k fan fiction]] [[FanFic/NobodyDies tends to include]] [[FanFic/AeonNatumEngel many references]].
* ''Fanfic/GarfieldInAlongCameASplut'', despite its short length, is ''loaded'' with crossovers and pop culture references, enough to [[http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/ShoutOut/GarfieldInAlongCameASplut get its own page for them!]]
* ''FanFic/TheDysFUNctionalPirates''
* ''Fanfic/ThoseLackingSpines'' has references ranging from ''Literature/HarryPotter'' to [[EverythingsBetterWithLlamas the llama song]] to ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends'' to Celine Dion to ''VideoGame/KatamariDamacy''.
* You should just see how Luna Lovegood is treated in ''Literature/HarryPotter'' fanfiction. If she's not running her mouth off or a Seer she's referencing pop culture that [[PresentDayPast won't be relevant for around a decade or so.]]
* A conservative estimate of ''Literature/BattleRoyale'' fanfiction ''FanFic/SeventyTwoHours''' reference count would be 500. This is not an exaggeration, considering that each of the eponymous hours has its own chapter, and it's roughly equivalent to a 1300 page book in length. It is, however, testament to the obsession with shoutouts held by the author.
* Listing the references in ''FanFic/HarryPotterAndTheMethodsOfRationality'' has taken up quite a bit of space on its page. By the same author, [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/5389450/1/The_Finale_of_the_Ultimate_Meta_Mega_Crossover The Finale of the Ultimate Meta Mega Crossover]] manages to reference practically everything in the TV Tropes Wiki.
* ''[[http://www.sugarquill.net/read.php?storyid=191&chapno=1 Harry Potter and the Society of Orpheus and Bacchus]]'' is rife with references to (Muggle, obviously) culture. It contributes to the story's lighthearted, campy feel (Draco Malfoy reading Creator/ErnestHemingway? Who would ever guess, [[FantasticRacism due to him seeing muggles as always inferior]]?)
* A dark humor Harry Potter fanfiction by Virginia Riddle-Malfoy on fanfiction.net ''Ginevra In Darkness'' uses a lot of characters from other series - particularly the renamed ''Integra'' from ''Hellsing'' and has cameos of other characters such as ''Franchise/SherlockHolmes'' and John Watson from the BBC Sherlock, Sarah Williams from ''Labyrinth'', Adam Young from ''Good Omens'', Darian Shields from ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', ''Daria''. Also uses quotes from ''Buffy'', ''Batman'', and ''Theatre.AVeryPotterMusical''. She manages to keep to the plot, but seems to amuse herself by seeing how much she can slip past the readers without getting caught. [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/3854663/1/Ginevra_In_Darkness]]
** Another fanfiction by the same author Harry Potter and the Turn of the Tides uses the ''Halloween'' hijinx trope and crosses over for a single chapter ''Harry Potter'', ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'', ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'', ''Franchise/StarWars'', ''Franchise/IndianaJones'', ''Franchise/JamesBond'', ''Ranma'', ''TheLordOfTheRings'', and ''Monty Python'' and the Holy Grail. The fic unfortunately was done by the author in high school, and she rightly abandoned it as the tropes written about became far too overdone and dull. Still worth a plug for excellent characterization. [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/2060745/1/Harry_Potter_and_the_turn_of_the_tides]]
* ''Fanfic/KyonBigDamnHero'', being advertised as a {{LightNovel/Haruhi|Suzumiya}} [[TropeOverdosed Suzumiya]]/TVTropes crossover (whatever that means), [[ShoutOut/KyonBigDamnHero has a lot of references]] to other works and ''tropes'', with many not being LampshadeHanging.
* ''FanFic/SonicWorldAdventureRush'' is considered by some to be a bit ''too'' [[ShoutOut/SonicWorldAdventureRush overdosed]] in its fan service. And it's still going!
* ''Fanfic/ItsASmallWorldAfterAll'', a [[Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia Hetalia]] fanfic, has tons of references, ranging from ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' to ''Film/ThreeHundred''.
* The Fanfic/{{Dangerverse}}, a series of very AU Literature/HarryPotter fics, [[ShoutOut/{{Dangerverse}} has arguably reached this point.]]
* One of the common criticisms of ''WebAnimation/DoubleRainboom'' is that it eschewed it's initial OriginalFlavor premise in favor of lots of fandom and animation {{Shout Out}}s.
* Here's a fun DrinkingGame: Take a shot every time you spot an allusion or reference in [[http://www.fimfiction.net/story/65940/my-little-mission-sneaking-is-magic My Little Mission: Sneaking is Magic]] to something from the Metal Gear Solid series. You'll be hammered by the fifth chapter. The author manages to pack dozens upon dozens of references to the series into the fic, often going out of their way to do so.
* ''[[FanFic/SonicGenerationsFriendshipIsTimeless Sonic Generations: Friendship is Timeless]]'' includes plenty of {{Shout Out}}s to mostly the ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'' [[WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfSonicTheHedgehog car]][[WesternAnimation/SonicSatAM toons]] and [[ComicBook/SonicTheComic comic]] [[ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog books]], but also to the ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' [[ComicBook/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicIDW comic books]] and {{fan works}} (including the infamous ''{{FanFic/Cupcakes}}''). [[ShoutOut/SonicGenerationsFriendshipIsTimeless Take a look at this page and see for yourself.]]
* FanFic/TheConversionBureauTheOtherSideOfTheSpectrum has reached this territory, partly due to its side-stories. Just take a look at the [[ShoutOut/TheConversionBureauTheOtherSideOfTheSpectrum shoutout page...]]4
* The perfect example of this is a picture known as "[[http://www.thepictureofeverything.com/ The Picture Of Everything"]] created by Howard Hallis.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/MonstersVsAliens''
* ''Franchise/{{Shrek}}'', not counting the {{Fairy Tale}}s which are actually part of that universe. Compared to the first movie it's mostly the sequels that pour over with all kinds of pop culture references.
* ''Disney/ChickenLittle'' is overstuffed with references, including a few seconds of ''Disney/TheLionKing'' in the opening segment alone.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Rango}}''
* ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', the film with Creator/RobinWilliams as Genie [[TheGenieKnowsJackNicholson makes this especially the case]]. Many of his scenes and lines were done on the fly, and when he's in full flow it becomes a 'how many references can you spot' game. In the space of just over a minute, for example, he becomes a Scotsman, a dog, [[Creator/ArnoldSchwarzenegger a Germanic bodybuilder]], a cube, a ventriloquist (and his dummy), several clones of himself, [[Series/TheEdSullivanShow Ed Sullivan]], a cash register, three Mexican dwarves, and [[Creator/MarxBrothers Groucho Marx]].
* {{Smurfs}}

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* Creator/SeltzerAndFriedberg do this a lot in their films. The "_____ Movie" parody series in particular (Epic Movie, Date Movie, Scary Movie...), are almost nothing but pop culture references and shout outs. They do at least manage to integrate the references into the movie's action, however, [[DropTheCow if only for a cheap slapstick gag]].
* Any Creator/QuentinTarantino film. Website/{{Cracked}} calls him less of a director and more of a movie DJ, treating shots, characters, and plots like music samples. ''Film/PulpFiction'', his first truly mainstream film, is often considered to have been [[TropeCodifier the launching point]] for the Gen-X "sampling" trend in popular culture that continues to this day, although earlier precedents existed.
* Many Creator/KevinSmith films.
* [[MilestoneCelebration To celebrate the franchise's 40th anniversary]], ''Film/DieAnotherDay'' referenced every single Film/JamesBond film before it. ''Film/{{Skyfall}}'' would do the same thing for the franchise's 50th anniversary.
* Both ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'' and ''Film/BehindTheMaskTheRiseOfLeslieVernon'' are {{Deconstruction}}s of the [[SlasherMovie slasher sub-genre]] of horror that make numerous references to other horror movies.
* ''Film/ScottPilgrimVsTheWorld'', much like the comic upon which it's based, revels thoroughly in this trope.
* Most films directed by Creator/JoeDante, including ''Film/{{Gremlins}}'', ''Film/LooneyTunesBackInAction'', ''Film/TheHowling'', and ''Film/{{Piranha}}''.
* ''Film/RiseOfThePlanetOfTheApes'' was this way, due to a desire for {{Shout Out}}s to the original film.
* Creator/WoodyAllen: His films have many references that only intellectuals will recognize like shout-outs to philosophy, art, literature and arthouse films.

* Literature/TheDivineComedy: Dante's visit to Hell, Purgatory and Heaven is peppered with countless references to historical, cultural, religious, political and scientific people from both his time and earlier centuries.
* ''Literature/ASeriesOfUnfortunateEvents'': If you made a list of every time Snicket makes a ShoutOut to literature and history in one of the later books (especially through Sunny's dialogue), it would be as long as the book itself.
* AmongOthers by Creator/JoWalton is full of references to the science fiction and fantasy of the 1980s.
* ''Literature/ReadyPlayerOne'' has this as part of its plot, but mostly narrows it to 1980s video games and pop culture in an effort to solve the puzzle left behind by a rich eccentric as part of his will.
* ''Literature/FinnegansWake'' features thousands of references to everything imaginable. It is probably the only work to turn this trope into TrueArtIsIncomprehensible.
* ''Literature/ANightInTheLonesomeOctober'' abounds with references, being a wide-ranging gothic horror {{pastiche}} with references to other genres. It contains many {{Homage}}s and {{Shout Out}}s beyond its crossover characters.
* The works of Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer are sometimes Reference Overdosed, particularly those set in the Wold Newton universe. A single work may be a Homage to one writer while encoding allusions to the work of many, many others. For example, no name is innocent until all anagrams, obscure linguistic derivations and so forth have been exhausted.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}''
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'', since everyone is GenreSavvy and the [[FirstPersonSmartass narrator]] is a PopCulturedBadass.
* The works of Creator/RobertAntonWilson
* Most stories by Creator/KimNewman (including those written under his Jack Yeovil pseudonym), especially the ''Literature/AnnoDracula'' series.
* The Literature/CiaphasCain books are absolutely ''loaded'' with references to both science fiction and turn-of-the-century juvenile adventures.
* The author of the TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} novels collectively known as "The Vampire Wars" acknowledges his books contain at least a hundred references to classic vampire stories like Literature/{{Dracula}}. One of his fans sent him a list of references in his novels, but the author didn't have the heart to say he'd missed about another fifty.
* The first page of ''[[Literature/WheresWally Where's Waldo?]]'' The Wonder Book. It puts all the other examples to shame.
* Creator/BretEastonEllis likes to do this with his characters to highlight how shallow they are. Many pages in ''Literature/{{Glamorama}}'' are just long lists of Victor and his friends name dropping celebrities, and in ''Literature/AmericanPsycho'', Patrick has to describe in excruciating detail what ''everyone'' is wearing.
* Creator/TSEliot's works, especially ''Literature/TheWasteLand''. The poem is full of references to popular songs, classical literature, operas and ancient religious scriptures, and quotes them in their native language.
* Zadie Smith's ''Literature/WhiteTeeth'' contains tons of references to various minutiae from literature, history, science, and pop culture (both British and American). Some of them serve no purpose, such as a LongList of all of Millat Iqbal's favorite books, records and tapes, and movies on videocassette.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheMiddleman'', usually with a different theme each episode (one episode is full of ''Literature/{{Dune}}'' references, another ''Film/BackToTheFuture'' references, another ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}}'' references, and so on...)
* ''Series/{{Spaced}}''. There's even a bonus subtitle track on the DVD that notes all the references.
* ''Series/{{Community}}''. Abed is stated to be incapable of communicating through any other medium than movies.
* ''Series/{{Psych}}'' [[OncePerEpisode CONSTANTLY]] references obscure 80s and 90s pop culture.
** You could argue that it's justified on this show, since so many cult figures from those decades show up as guest stars - but then that would just bring up the CelebrityParadox.
** The high school reunion episode, "Murder ... Anyone ... Anyone ... Bueller?", has tons of references to 80s pop culture ([[Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff including the title]]), which is quite puzzling, [[FridgeLogic considering Shawn and Gus would have gone to high school in the 90s.]]
*** This is lampshaded at one point; Shawn says he deliberately chooses to make an overabundance of references from that era, making it an InvokedTrope.
** "This Episode Sucks" references a bunch of vampire-themed works and featured {{Casting Gag}}s: Kristy Swanson of the original ''Film/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' film and Corey Feldman from ''Film/TheLostBoys'' appear.
** "Mr. Yin Presents ..." has ''many'' references to Creator/AlfredHitchcock films, including [[Series/AlfredHitchcockPresents the episode's title]] (for a complete list go [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mr._Yin_Presents...#Hitchcock_references here]]). It featured a ThemeSerialKiller who modeled his murders after Hitchcock's films such as ''Film/{{Psycho}}'' and ''Film/{{Marnie}}'', had a few {{Homage Shot}}s, and even used [[PropRecycling some of the original props from the films.]] There's also a reference to Hitchcock's {{creator cameo}}s, with a look-alike appearing in the background of one scene.
* ''Series/{{NCIS}}'': Tony is a [[TheMovieBuff movie buff]], and [=McGee=] is a gamer, among other justifications for this.
* ''Series/GilmoreGirls'' is famous for its abundance of references. Each DVD even has a little booklet explaining [[ViewersAreGeniuses the more obscure ones.]]
* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'': many encyclopedic references to historical and cultural figures, exotic animals and places. Most of these jokes could make sense to intellectuals, but then there are also many references to British culture, especially politicians, TV hosts, soccer players, cricketers and programs that were famous during the late 1960s and early 1970s. They are usually completely incomprehensible and obscure to international audiences and even to the English, especially while TimeMarchesOn.
* ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000''. Being a show built around providing audio commentary to CultClassic genre movies, it couldn't help being stuffed full of references, but some them were so obscure only the members of the show's own cast understood them.
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'', particularly when it comes to music. [[IdiosyncraticEpisodeNaming every episode]] from the first 5 seasons is named after a classic rock song, while the newer episodes reference other.
** Most shout-outs come PopCulturedBadass[=/=][[TheMovieBuff Movie Buff]] Dean, who does this more than OncePerEpisode.
** There's also Charlie who references ''tons'' of works [[GeekReferencePool associated with nerd culture]] in the episodes she appears in (and so do [[ThemeNaming the titles]]).
* ''Series/KaizokuSentaiGokaiger'' is this towards the ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' is fifty years old, so its accumulated a lot over that time. Some of the older episodes reference things like Beatles lyrics, while New-Who has referenced things like ''Franchise/StarTrek'', ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}}'', ''Literature/HarryPotter'', ''Series/{{Teletubbies}}'', ''Disney/TheLionKing'' and way, ''way'' more.
* ''Series/RedDwarf'' often makes reference to films such as ''Film/{{Casablanca}}'', ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', and ''Film/BladeRunner''. For instance, the episode Back To Earth is considered by most to only be enjoyable if you know the ''Blade Runner'' references, to most other fans it is a horrible episode.
* ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' is so reference overdosed that its {{shout out}}s had to be moved to [[ShoutOut/{{Leverage}} their own page]].
* We don't even try to list the {{shout out}}s in ''Series/{{Farscape}}''. Crichton is a fountain of late-20th-centrury cultural references, which only makes him a CloudCuckoolander in the eyes of all the aliens around him.
* The Tau'ri (Earth-born humans) in the ''Franchise/StargateVerse'' have GenreSavvy as their [[PlanetOfHats Hat]]. They're well aware that their daily lives resemble science fiction and are all too happy to show it.
* ''Series/SpittingImage'': Where to start? Several references to 1980s and 1990s society in general, yet also to everything that was in the media in the week of broadcast. From news reports over TV commercials. If you wanted to understand every reference you really had to read, listen and watch to every report. And most of it references British culture in particular. This also explains why the show was so difficult to export to other countries. The stuff dated rapidly and a lot of it was incomprehensible to foreign viewers. When broadcasted on Dutch TV the translators even added some extra subtitles on top of the screen to give some explanations about certain politicians or TV stars that only the English would immediately recognize.

* The Music/WuTangClan: cursory examination of the first two tracks on ''Enter the Wu-Tang/36 Chambers'' turns up, in addition to the samples and references to [[{{Wuxia}} old Kung-fu movies]] for which they're famous, overt references to Creator/StevenSeagal and his film ''Film/OutForJustice'', ''Anime/{{Voltron}}'', and ''Film/TheWarriors''.
** Also, GhostfaceKillah had a song from the 1996 album ''Iron Man'' (which was when he started using the alias Tony Stark) entitled "[[{{NASCAR}} Daytona 500]]" (named mostly for its fast pace) which used clips from the original ''Anime/SpeedRacer'' to make one of the first Anime Music Videos which is still considered a favorite by many.
*** The song itself contained samples from Bob James' "Nautilus" and "Crab Apple" by Idris Muhammad while the chorus from "Turn The Beat Around" by Vicki Sue Robinson sped up and reworded for the hook. And even featured two samples from previous Wu singles, "Mystery of Chessboxin" and Raekwon's "Incarcerated [[Film/{{Scarface 1983}} Scarfaces]]" which also had an obvious ShoutOut in title as well as the lyrics.
** The mileage varies, but this [[FollowTheLeader opened the AMV flood gates]], being one of the first AMV's showed on TV and predating Website/YouTube and self-made AMV's.
* Wrestling/JohnCena and Tha Trademarc do a lot of this on ''You Can't See Me''; ironically, most of the references are ''not'' to ProfessionalWrestling. This was spoofed in their video for "Bad, Bad Man", which had as its plot a homicidal maniac kidnapping midgets dressed as Music/{{Madonna}}, Music/MichaelJackson, and certain other [[TheEighties 1980s]] cult figures - not to mention that said homicidal maniac was played by Gary Coleman. And Cena, Trademarc, and Bumpy Knuckles dress up like (respectively) Hannibal Smith, Murdock, and Mr. T from ''Series/TheATeam''!
* Half Man Half Biscuit. Their website has a section dedicated to explaining some of the references.
* No More Kings. When describing them most places refer to them and funk/pop mixed with 80s references. Though there are more references, the 80s are just the most prominent.
* Destroyer. [[Music/TheNewPornographers Dan Bejar's]] main band has its own [[http://www.deftone.com/destroyer/ wiki]] and [[http://www.zoilus.com/documents/in_depth/2005/000639.php drinking game.]]
* Music/FrankZappa: His music was deeply personal and references several aspects of the society of his time, including music, commercials, politics, TV and even inside jokes in his own band and anecdotes from his own life. Zappa once claimed that he doubted if his lyrics could make sense to anyone but himself.
* The entirety of ''Music/UltimateShowdownOfUltimateDestiny'' is ShoutOut after ShoutOut from beginning to end.
* SageFrancis, a rapper from Providence, RI, makes tons of references to "classic" hip hop songs. He'll often re-use classic lines, substituting a word here or there or reversing the word order as a kind of wordplay homage; he'll also re-use the ''cadence'' of certain iconic lines in a subtle nod.
* Music/{{REM}}'s music would frequently make references to ancient mythology in order to conceal the true meanings of the songs (namely Michael Stipe's bisexuality or political events). This had the side effect of making people think he spoke gibberish. To clarify, the first time he admitted to writing a song with straightforward lyrics was in 1992 when the band recorded "Everybody Hurts" - 12 years after they started.

* Any Creator/DennisMiller rant.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsTheDragoning'', which mashes together the rules of several pen-and-paper systems, uses the setting of others, and gives shout-outs to everything else.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' is full of these, particularly where harlequin is involved. In one book in particular he refers to the Music/DeadKennedys and Music/CypressHill and quotes a line from a Music/FlorenceAndTheMachine song. All this in the year 2074, by the way.
* Warhammer and Warhammer 40000 are packed with shout-outs, and it's not just the historical or literary origins of practically every faction and variant army (''especially'' Space Marines and Imperial Guard). The flavor quotes, maps and locations, character names, most of the fiction, and the universe backstories are plundered from all over, ranging from the Bible to minor quotes from travel writers.

* Any given Creator/TomStoppard play, dipping into GeniusBonus levels.
* Eric Overmyer's ''Theatre/OnTheVerge''. Between the [[ShoutOut shout-outs]] and [[AntiquatedLinguistics uncommon vocabulary]], it's a dramaturg's delight. Or nightmare!
* ''Theatre/TitleOfShow'' is full of references to other musicals, which is lampshaded in the show.

[[folder:Theme Parks]]
* ''Ride/TheGreatMovieRide'' at [[Ride/DisneyThemeParks Disney's Hollywood Studios]] is loaded with references and homages to other movies, most of which weren't even made by Disney. Though it's justified in that it's a ride about the greatest moments in film history.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The ''{{VideoGame/Marathon}}'' trilogy [[{{ShoutOut/Marathon}} contains references to everything]] from mathematics and quantum physics to Shakespeare to ancient mythology to Creator/HPLovecraft to ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButtHead''. So many, that research has been going at [[http://marathon.bungie.org/story/ this fansite]] for nearly ''two decades'' decoding every bit of them in every possible place in the game, and even the code.
* ''VideoGame/NetHack'' is quite possibly the most reference overdosed game to ever be created. It boasts hundreds of literary quotes regarding topics as mundane as doorways and a wide reference pool that encompasses a large variety of topics: ancient mythology, fantasy, geek culture, mathematics, physics and other games.
* The ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'' series is filled to the brim with {{Shout Out}}s, ranging from television to internet memes.
* ''Franchise/{{Disgaea}}'' increases the number of {{Shout Out}}s with every game. As of the fourth installment, nearly every spell, special attack and item description is ''some'' sort of reference to anything from Creator/HPLovecraft to ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' to ''Webcomic/PennyArcade''. [[Manga/LuckyStar Anime Tenchou]] is even a {{summon|Magic}}... No, not a LawyerFriendlyCameo of Anime Tenchou -- the actual one.
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' originally used to have a handful of {{Shout Out}}s in the form of traditional Easter Eggs, but since Burning Crusade, every character, quest name, and area is a reference to something, probably blatantly.
* ''VideoGame/DragonQuestHeroesRocketSlime'' has loads of references to other Creator/SquareEnix games.
* ''VideoGame/DungeonsOfDredmor'' is so brimming with {{Shout Out}}s, from the item descriptions to the monster taunts to the achievement names, that [[ShoutOut/DungeonsOfDredmor it has its own Shout Out page.]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands 2}}'' are both well-known for [[ShoutOut/{{Borderlands}} their large number]] [[ShoutOut/{{Borderlands2}} of shout outs]], especially when it comes to dialogue, quests, enemies and so on.
* The web-based MMORPG ''VideoGame/KingdomOfLoathing'' is simply brimming with references to other works, particularly They Might Be Giants songs and music in general. This is one of its main draws.
* ''VideoGame/{{Spore}}'' has more than a few.
* ''VideoGame/{{FalloutNewVegas}}'' has its fair share of references in the base game, however the ''Old World Blues'' DLC takes the cake. Even the plot if it is a gigantic cross reference between 50s B sci-fi B movies, ''The Wizzard of Oz'', and cut content from previous versions of ''Fallout''. Many of the names of people and places are also various references and it gets much more aggressive if you turn the wild wasteland perk on, to the point that the DLC on its own could almost have its own shout outs page.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}''. Even the attack names can be references to Japanese mythology, and obscure ones at that. One game had a plot that referenced three separate Japanese myths...[[MyFriendsAndZoidberg and UFOs]]. It also had references to older games in the series and ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders''.
* Absolutely ''everything'' by Artix Entertainment Games. ''VideoGame/AdventureQuest'', ''VideoGame/{{Dragonfable}}'', ''VideoGame/MechQuest''... ''everything''.
* ''VideoGame/NoMoreHeroes'' and the sequel ''VideoGame/NoMoreHeroes2DesperateStruggle''.
* ''VideoGame/RuneScape'', being a long-running MMORPG, has them everywhere from WholePlotReference to small texts when examining things.
* ''VideoGame/MeatBoy'' games. From chapter intros to level titles.
* ''VideoGame/RetroCityRampage'' features tons of {{Shout Out}}s to not just old-school games, but movies and TV shows as well. The introductory mission of story mode features references to ''Batman'', ''Ducktales'', ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'', ''The A-Team'', and ''Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure'' in rapid succession.
* Tons in the ''VideoGame/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'' games, ranging from ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'' to ''Franchise/PlanetOfTheApes'' to Music/TheBeatles to the Franchise/CthulhuMythos...
* ''VideoGame/ThreeDDotGameHeroes''
* ''VideoGame/BillyVsSNAKEMAN'' Nearly every NPC is ''at least'' one CaptainErsatz, the pre-CerebusSyndrome plot is mostly {{Whole Plot Reference}}s strung together, and countless incidental references are found everywhere you look.
* VideoGame/LEGOUniverse seems to love referencing internet memes.
* The entire ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series, especially VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}} and New Reno.
* ''[[VideoGame/ScottPilgrim Scott Pilgrim vs The World: The Game]]'' is practically built on this trope.
* ''EpicBattleFantasy'' is packed with tons of {{Shout Out}}s to anime, manga, and other games.
* ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}}'': Look at 5's achievements and see how many {{Shout Out}}s you can find.
* ''VideoGame/TheSimpsonsHitAndRun'' is loaded with references both to the show (beyond the usual stuff in a LicensedGame) and other works.
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}''
* The ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry'' visual novels are packed to the brim with references- from mystery novels and scientific concepts, to {{Shout Out}}s to various anime and video games.
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaSkywardSword'' does this to the LogicalExtreme: as a {{Prequel}}, everything is a direct reference to some other game in the series. You have to be a Zelda fan to fully appreciate the game.
* The ''VideoGame/SaintsRow'' games have references and homages coming out of its ass. ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'', ''{{Series/Buffy|TheVampireSlayer}}'', ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'', [[Film/PrettyInPink Ducky]], ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Evangelion]]'', ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'', ''Manga/{{Golgo 13}}'', ''Series/HappyDays'', ''Manga/InuYasha'', ''Film/{{Jaws}}'', ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|Reimagined}}''…
* ''VideoGame/{{Highborn}}'' is an iOS game that includes references to anything from ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' and Mountain Dew to Music/JamesBrown and ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. There are even missions with {{Whole Plot Reference}}s to ''Franchise/StarWars'' and ''VideoGame/{{Portal}}''.
-->'''Floyd:''' [[LampshadeHanging I'd like to make a Jimmy Hoffa joke]], [[BreakingTheFourthWall but I think most of the people playing this game]] are kids who are getting tired of running to [[ShoutOut Google]] every other line to figure out what we're talking about.
* ''VideoGame/EpicMickey'' has loads of {{Mythology Gag}}s on the various Creator/{{Disney}} products. One area has old {{N|intendoEntertainmentSystem}}ES and {{S|uperNintendoEntertainmentSystem}}NES cartridges of Disney {{Licensed Game}}s strewn about.
* ''VideoGame/AquaRhapsody'', The developer notes that a lot of small things are "shoutouts" to video game, anime, etc. These are as obscure as the level transitions that fade out in a similar manner to Space Harrier.
* ''VideoGame/AsurasWrath'' has tons of visual ShoutOut's to a lot of anime as well as other video games. [[ShoutOut/AsurasWrath See them here.]]
* Entirely too many ''VideoGame/MountAndBlade'' achievements are references to ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail''.
* Part of the fun in ''VideoGame/{{Skullgirls}}'' is trying to find references within the game. Sources can range from ancient historical figures to 1960s television to modern-day memes. Peacock in particular makes up so many of the {{Shout Out}}s that she could be considered to qualify in her own right.
* At least half the new content in ''VideoGame/Rockman4MinusInfinity'' are {{Shout Out}}s.
* One of the appeals of ''VideoGame/RedAlert3Paradox'' other than, you know, combat and a 1969 world are the impossible amounts of {{Shout Out}}s.
* ''VideoGame/TheAdventuresOfMassmouth'' series is filled to the brim with references; entire lines are quoted verbatim, names of locations and characters in pop culture feature heavily, not to mention that all the enemies are basically ripped from other games and given different names.
* Every single thing in ''VideoGame/EatLeadTheReturnOfMattHazard'' is a reference to another video game or video game tropes in general.
* [[VideoGame/{{Shinobi}} Revenge of Shinobi]] has a lot of pop culture characters as bosses. In the re-release, some of them had to be censored or changed. Here's a dialogue in a Website/YouTube comment section:
-->'''sandwichoftruthiness''': So you're a ninja and so far you've fought Rambo clones, Terminator-Hulk, Spider-Man, Batman and Godzilla. Did Sega's CEO just write some fan-fiction and tell them to make it into a game?\\
'''LetsPlay/{{slowbeef}}''': Does the "Tropes vs. Ninjas" title make sense now?
* The ''VideoGame/DukeNukem'' series went this way starting from ''VideoGame/DukeNukem3D''.
* Despite the limited content, the browser game ''VideoGame/CookieClicker'' has a surprising number of references and {{Shout Out}}s to various works, including ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'', ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', and ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda''
* ''VideoGame/AbobosBigAdventure'' has far too many references to list them all here. Being a BloodyHilarious love letter to the 8-bit days, the bulk of them are {{Shout Out}}s to classic NES games, but there's also a couple references to SNES-era games, as well as movies and advertising slogans of the time.
* Indie game ''VideoGame/{{Evoland}}'' makes a lot of references, mostly owing to the fact it's both an homage and AffectionateParody of the ActionAdventure and {{R|olePlayingGame}}PG genres. In particular there are many references to Nintendo (most obvious being TheLegendOfZelda), and the Franchise/FinalFantasy series (most of which towards the [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII seventh entry]], due to it being the one most people are familiar with). There's a bit of a BrokenBase on if the reference overdosing was such a good thing, though, as one half of the people who played the game find the spoofing and references charming, while others feel the spoofing is [[ShallowParody too shallow]] and/or too frequent and gets in the way.
* Spanish ActionRPG ''VideoGame/UnEpic'' is an ode to geekery, with protagonist Daniel (who is OneOfUs) spouting dozens of references to sci-fi movies and serials, comic books, fantasy literature and so on. The game itself is the lovechild of pen-and-paper [=RPGs=] and the adventure games of the past such as ''VideoGame/KnightmareIITheMazeOfGalious'', and of course the shout-outs are abundant.
** Even the translators are at it: for example, the Italian version substitutes in one line a simple "Go, go, go!" with "[[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Row Row Fight the Power!]]".
* ''VideoGame/FlightRising'' is filled with {{Shout Out}}s to the point where about a third of the item descriptions are references to something or other--''Anime/SailorMoon'', ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'', ''Film/JurassicPark'', ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes''...
* ''Saturday Morning RPG'', as the title implies, is a love letter to Saturday morning cartoons, but there are countless references and nods to films, serials, video games, toys, comics, foods and novelty items from the 80s (and a few to the 90s and the present day). The developers are kids of the 80s and 90s and basically put in the game whatever element of pop culture they could remember from their youth.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/{{XKCD}}''
* ''Webcomic/CatAndGirl'' - and many of the references are to philosophical notions unknown to the average reader, in a particular appeal to the SesquipedalianLoquaciousness crowd.
* ''Webcomic/ExterminatusNow'' has plenty of Shout Outs ranging from ''Series/TopGear'' to ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', and plenty of ProductPlacement to boot.
* ''Webcomic/{{Freefall}}'': For the most part the numerous references to a wide range of concepts are worked into the storyline of this webcomic {{longrunner|s}} well enough that they're not jarring, though occasional references to 20th/21st century pop culture phenomena roughly five centuries later (as per WordOfGod on the forums) can sometimes seem a little odd to some readers.
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' makes [[ShoutOut/{{Homestuck}} quite a few of these]]. Due to [[InteractiveComic its nature]], many of these references are inserted after the fact - for example, [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Bro's shades]] and [[Franchise/{{Ultima}} Lord English]] were only established as references after the fandom noted that they were references.
** Also, it's quite easy to become a walking Reference Overdose just reading [[FountainOfMemes Homestuck]]. It's entirely possible to hold complete conversations consisting only of Homestuck and SBaHJ memes.
* Nearly every single thing in ''{{Erfworld}}'' is some sort of a ShoutOut or [[{{Pun}} horrible pun]].
* ''Webcomic/SarahZero'' references everything from Music/{{Metallica}} to UsefulNotes/SarahPalin to ''WebAnimation/ZeroPunctuation''.
* Webcomic/SecondEmpire has {{Shout Out}}s of everything from ''Series/DoctorWho'' comics and ''Doctor Who'' TV series, to ''Franchise/StarWars'', Franchise/JamesBond, ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'', and all sort of things.
* ''Webcomic/ManlyGuysDoingManlyThings''
* ''Webcomic/OurLittleAdventure''.
* ''Webcomic/SquareRootOfMinusGarfield'' references ''over 200 different works'' so far in its (currently) 1,574-strip run.
* ''Webcomic/{{Narbonic}}''. The Director's Cut makes this a lot more clear, so that the obscure references to Shakespeare and modern comics are revealed.
* The last comic of the ''Magazine/{{Dragon}}'' run of ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick.''
* ''Webcomic/MegaTokyo'': The AuthorAvatar main characters are an anime geek and a nutty video-gaming addict, respectively, so this shouldn't be surprising. Some references are subtle, but many are more blatant things like several pages of [[http://megatokyo.com/strip/623 Largo and Erika playing]] [[VideoGame/DeadOrAlive "Dead Or Alive Ultimate Fear"]], or [[http://megatokyo.com/strip/1310 Piro wearing]] a huge [[Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica Kyubey]] mask.
* ''Webcomic/RipHaywire''

[[folder:Web Original]]
* '''''Any''''' [[TheAbridgedSeries Abridged Series]]. ''Especially'' [[WebVideo/YugiohTheAbridgedSeries the one that started them all]].
** Special mention goes to ''WebVideo/NarutoTheAbridgedComedySpoofSeriesShow'', which, as a DeconstructiveParody of TheAbridgedSeries genre, makes practically ''everything'' into a reference of some kind.
** ''WebVideo/NullmetalAlchemist'' is also worth mentioning in that it parodies the very idea of having references. Ed specializes in Contextually Insensitive Magic, and frequently deliberately cuts from the show to an out-of-context clip of another video to distract and/or annoy his enemies.
-->''Rose'': I don't understand, how did you defeat him using karaoke?
-->''Ed'': The guy had a rational hatred for references; a vocal cover was too much for his elitist brain to handle.
* ''Website/ThatGuyWithTheGlasses''.
** WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic also enjoys doing this, sometimes making his shout-outs part of the entire plot of his episode, like his review of "The Shining mini-series", which he filled with shot-by-shot parodies of Kubrick's film version. He also uses actual clips and soundbites from movies and TV series to underline his jokes and ads the references in the end titles of each episode. Whether his references are actually clever or just lazy and redundant WaitForTheMeme moments differs from episode to episode.
** ''WebVideo/{{Kickassia}}''
** ''WebVideo/SuburbanKnights''
* ''WebVideo/TheCinemaSnob'' references tons of obscure [[ExploitationFilm exploitation movies]], B-grade actors, cult directors, and occasionally more mainstream stuff such as ''Manga/DeathNote'' in every episode. Host Creator/BradJones mostly does this verbally, by making a quick joke about it, but sometimes he shows a small movie clip or still picture to give the audience a bit more explanation what he is actually talking about. Together with The Nostalgia Critic he may be the most reference overdosed reviewer on WebVideo/ThatGuyWithTheGlasses, though with one huge difference. While Doug mostly references mainstream stuff that a general audience may be familiar with Brad's references tend to be so underground that he even throws in little winks to his other video series and friends who appear in these. Usually you can only understand those by checking out all the other stuff he posts on his site!
* Podcast/{{Radiodrome}}: Countless references to exploitation movies and other films, even mentioning old TV series in the process.
* ''Literature/SkippysList''
* This phenomenon was a constant in the ''GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse'', and given that the players involved included ordained ministers, a professor of quantum physics, a member of the British House of Commons, several professional writers, a television producer, a movie special effects expert, a chef, three lawyers, active duty soldiers, artists, actors, attorneys, doctors, nurses, police officers, fire fighters, a librarian, a stock broker, computer programmers of various types, a Roman Catholic priest, a biochemist, the mayor of a small Florida, and a professional dominatrix, amongst others, all of whom were highly educated and all of whom were widely read, this was to be expected. Some stories were so thick with various references (from pop-culture to legal to scientific to political) that the story itself was lost in the mix.
* ''Blog/ThingsMrWelchIsNoLongerAllowedToDoInAnRPG''
* The Literature/WhateleyUniverse, especially the story "Tales of the {{MCO}}", where the kids watch a television show and give it the ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' treatment.
** Everything about it, since it's a superhero universe which has Marvel and DC as superhero comic publishers within it. People constantly refer to this, talking about a girl who leaps in front of teammates to protect them as having 'superman syndrome' or arguing about what is needed for Marvel to make an Iron Man movie or even talking about why 'real' supers can't swipe copyrighted/trademarked superhero names.
** The Phase novels are chock full of literary references, which even touch the chapter titles and Phase's obscure jokes that no one else gets. Generator is more likely to make references to anime and cartoons.
* ''WebVideo/{{Unskippable}}''
* WebAnimation/YouTubePoop is chock full of random references to pop culture.
* Theatre/AVeryPotterMusical. Of course there's references to the books, but between that you've got things like Zac Efron. Furthermore, entire parts of the dialog are just homages to ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''.
* ''Website/SFDebris''
* ''Roleplay/SurvivalOfTheFittest'': Due to being a collaborative work between the board's members, it qualifies. While there have been {{Shout Out}}s to previous versions and [[Literature/BattleRoyale the original canon]], a few others are to... less expected works, such as a character suddenly talking like [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI Kefka]], and a few characters being an {{Expy}} of characters from other works. Honestly, if one were to list every single reference in SOTF, it would take a while. It has been a minor issue on the board, however, in how many {{Shout Out}}s are okay.
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'', mainly to '80s and '90s pop culture.
* ''WebVideo/TheyMadeMeWatchThis'' not only has a lot of references, once scene in the review of ''WesternAnimation/BarbieAndTheThreeMusketeers'' turned into a reference cluster bomb.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', although it has gotten out of hand for a lot of fans, and nowadays the show frequently includes references that are nothing but {{padding}}, without a joke to justify their inclusion. It's gotten to the point where you could type practically ''any'' pop-cultural phenomenon into the [=YouTube=] search engine and find a ''Family Guy'' clip spoofing it. Especially if it's from the 1980s!
** Lampshaded by Lois in the "Star Wars" parodies: "[[Creator/SethMacFarlane He]] watched TV in the '80s. We get it."
** ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuyPresentsLaughItUpFuzzball''
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' tends to throw them in through dialogue or character actions.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow''. [[Creator/SethMacFarlane Sensing a pattern yet?]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': Hundreds of references to politics, films, TV shows, musicians, art, literature, comics, animated cartoons, philosophy, video games, economy, math, geography, history, biology, religion, society in general, commercials, ... A lot of them you can only catch by freeze-framing the background.
** The [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtgYY7dhTyE intro for Treehouse Of Horror XXIV]], directed by Creator/GuillermoDelToro, pays homage to dozens of cinematic and literary horror, sci-fi and fantasy icons, from the obvious to the obscure (as well as Del Toro's own films), in just about 3 minutes.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'': Hundreds of pop culture references, just like ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''. However, there's a lot more emphasis on references to science fiction, astronomy, math, physics, quantum physics, space, computer programming, ...
* Many ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and Creator/TexAvery cartoons, but as TimeMarchesOn [[WeirdAlEffect fewer and fewer people get the references]]. This is especially caused by references to film actors, radio shows, songs, and commercials that were very popular in the United States during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, but are nowadays completely obscure for modern audiences, left alone audiences outside the U.S.A. There currently exists [[ShoutOut/LooneyTunes an entire page]] dedicated to all the references the series has made over time. Examples are:
** "Turn off that light!" (reference to air raid wardens during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII)
** "Was this/that trip really necessary?" (reference to a slogan used to encourage people not to take unnecessary trips to free up gas and rubber for the war effort and to free up space on trains to ferry troops to their duty locations. )
** "It's a possibility!" (reference to ArtieAuerbach's catchphrase as Mr. Kitzle during AlPearce's radio shows)
*** "Nobody home, I hope, I hope, I hope" - Al Pearce
** "That ain't the way I heard it!" (reference to The Old Timer character from the radio series ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly'')
*** "'T ain't funny, [=McGee=]!" (reference to the character Molly, addressing [=McGee=] in ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly'')
*** "I love that man!" - (reference to the character Beulah (Marlin Hurt) on ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly''.)
*** "Operator, give me number 32O.. ooh, is that you, Myrt? How's every little thing, Myrt? What say, Myrt?" - (reference to the character Fibber, whenever he made a phone call to a certain Myrt in ''Radio/FibberMcGeeAndMolly''. )
**** "Well now, I wouldn't say THAT!" - (reference to the character Peavey (Richard Le Grand) in the radioshow ''Radio/TheGreatGildersleeve'')
** "Don't you believe it!" (reference to a 1947 similarly titled radio show in which popular legends, myths or old wives' tales were debunked with this quote.)
** "Aha! Something new has been added!" and "So round, so firm, so fully-packed. So free and easy on the draw." (reference to LuckyStrike cigarettes)
** "B.OOOOOOOOOOOOOO!" (reference to a commercial for Lifebuoy soap against B.O. (body odor))
** "Ain't I a stinker?" (Lou Costello from Creator/AbbottAndCostello)
*** "I'm only three and a half years old!" - From a character named Martha (Billy Gray) on the Abbot & Costello radio show.
** "Ah, yes! (Insert statement here), isn't it?", "Yehudi?", "Don't work, do they?" and "Greetings, Gate! Lets osculate!" (Jerry Colonna, sidekick on Creator/BobHope 's radio show.)
** "I dood it!", "He don't know me very well, do he?" and "You bwoke my widdle arm!" (reference to RedSkelton's radio comedy character Junior, aka "Mean Widdle Kid")
** "Of course you realize this means war!" ([[Creator/MarxBrothers Groucho Marx]])
** "Ain't I a devil?" - Ralph Edwards in "Truth or Consequences".
** "Which way did he go, George? Which way did he go?" and "I'm going to hug him and pet him and hug him and pet him..." (reference to Creator/JohnSteinbeck's novel ''Literature/OfMiceAndMen'')
** Several dimwitted characters were based on [[http://muppet.wikia.com/wiki/Mortimer_Snerd Mortimer Snerd]], who was created in 1938.
** "Henry! Heeeeeeeeeeen-''RY''!" "Coming, Mother!" (reference to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Aldrich_Family The Aldritch Family]], a radio sitcom)
** The NBC Chime
** "Monkeys is the cwaziest peoples." - A catch phrase from Lew Lehr. In parody the word "monkeys" was often replaced by other animals or people.
** "Ah say! I'm from the South, son!", "That's a joke, son!", "Pay attention now, boy!" - Kenny Delmar as Senator Claghorn in "The Fred Allen Show". The Looney Tunes character WesternAnimation/FoghornLeghorn was entirely based on this radio personality.
** "See?" - A verbal tic actor Edward G. Robinson used. When characters in Looney Tunes use it, it's usually in a police or gangster context.
** "I'll moida da bum." - A reference to boxer Tony Galento.
** "I have a problem, Mr. Anthony!" - Reference to John J. Anthony, who presented the daily radio advice program "The Goodwill Hour".
** "Train leaving on Track 5 for Anaheim, Azusa and Cuuuu-ca-mon-gaaa!" - MelBlanc usually said this, as it was a reference to a character he played on "The Jack Benny Show".
** "Come with me to the casbah" - Reference to Charles Boyer as Pépé le Moko in the 1937 film ''Film/{{Algiers}}''. Interesting detail: the line was prominent in the trailer, but not in the movie itself.
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}''
* * The short-lived Nicktoon ''WesternAnimation/BackattheBarnyard'' was impressively Reference Overdosed, considering its two-season run. Every episode had quite a few references to SOMETHING. No property was to obscure or unlikely to parody. It went from small and subtle references to Franchise/{{TheLoneRanger}}, Film/{{Aliens}}, and Theatre/{{MyFairLady}} to NoCelebritieswereHarmed versions of Geraldo Rivera, Donald Trump, and the Beatles. It even had some whole plot references to [[Series/{{StarTrektheOriginalSeries}} Classic ''Star Trek'' episode "Amok Time"]], Film/{{Caddyshack}}, and Film/{{Batman}} in there.
* ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'' has an extremely large amount of references to other shows, and not just of the HumongousMecha genre (WaveMotionGun, anyone?).
* ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated.'' Without interfering with the plot or making it so that you can't follow it if you don't know what's being referenced, it manages to fit in a zillion little easter eggs into every episode. Its "Allspark Almanac" guidebook is this taken to its logical extreme. Every single thing references something, no matter how deeply the reference is buried [[note]]Some of the symbols on some pages are actually from the Cybertronian language as seen waaay back in ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'', and are references to movies, songs, etc. Ironically, the references written in Cybertronix primarily reference everything ''but'' TF itself.[[/note]] or how obscure the things being referenced are [[note]]For example, a minor character from a Japanese radio program, the ''letters page'' of a comic book from 20 years ago, or a not-official TF comic serial printed in a magazine might be name-dropped, and items whose composition isn't mentioned in-show will be given as materials that one side or the other tried to obtain in a G1 episode or comic. Basically, if it's a number or a proper name, it references something. No exceptions. Period.[[/note]] Oh, and ''a second volume'' is on the way.
* The short-lived ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'' series was nothing but {{Whole Plot Reference}}s. No original storylines or jokes to be found anywhere. Probably explains why it was short-lived. Yes, the whole concept is a WholePlotReference to ''Franchise/StarWars'', but you'd think the writers could come up with at least a few new plots and gags in the 15+ years it took to get the cartoon made.
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' series have tons of these in every episode, enough that the [[ShoutOut/SouthPark Shout Out]] page had to be split thrice. The "Imaginationland" episodes feature virtually HUNDREDS of fictional characters.
** Especially in the later seasons of "South Park" virtually every episode is one big shout-out to stuff that was in the news that week/month, with more and more pop culture references to things that are sometimes only well known in the United States themselves and thus lost on other audiences.
* ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken'' is based on referencing works.
* ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb''. [[CatchPhrase Though aren't they a little young to know about all those older references]]?
--> '''Phineas:''' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwGlL3hxaCY Yes. Yes we *puts on shades* ... ARE]]. \\
'''Background Music''': [[Series/CSIMiami YEEEEEEEEEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAHHH]]!
* ''WesternAnimation/ReBoot'' makes references in every episode ranging from the obvious [[TruthInTelevision computer technology]] to [[Music/VillagePeople 70s pop music]] and beyond.
* ''WesternAnimation/ChipNDaleRescueRangers'' manages to fit [[ShoutOut/ChipNDaleRescueRangers a lot]] into only 65 episodes.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' doesn't allow the references to overwhelm the story, but just about every episode includes shout outs and references to topics like ''Film/BlazingSaddles'', ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', ''Series/TheBennyHillShow'', ''Franchise/XMen'', and ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''. See the show's [[ShoutOut/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic Shout-Outs page]] and [[Recap/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic episode guide]] for a complete list.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' The show references music, history, art, literature, politics, pop culture (from the 1890s through modern), comic books, pulp fiction, film, television, philosophy, religions, etc. Each episode is approximately 22 minutes long and every single one includes dozens of these.
* [[WesternAnimation/KimPossible Kim. Freaking. Possible.]] Her targets include Film/JamesBond, ''Franchise/ResidentEvil'', ''Disney/TheLionKing'', ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', ''Film/{{Psycho}}'', ''VideoGame/SplinterCell'', ''Series/{{Buffy|TheVampireSlayer}}'', ''Franchise/TombRaider'', and that's just the obvious stuff.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Recess}}'': ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'', ''WesternAnimation/HeyArnold'', ''Series/HogansHeroes'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Rugrats}}'', ''Film/TheAbsentMindedProfessor'', ''Film/DirtyHarry'', ''Music/TheWall'', ''Series/BarneyAndFriends'', ''Film/MaximumOverdrive'', ''Franchise/HelloKitty'', ''WesternAnimation/AGoofyMovie'', the list goes on. Some of also double as {{Parental Bonus}}es
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold rarely had a episode where there wasn't some reference to a little-known or forgotten bit of DC Comics lore. It accumulates in the finale, where the episode ends with [[CurtainCall nearly every character that appeared in the series attending a farewell party]] in the Bat-Cave after [[EndOfSeriesAwareness becoming aware of the fourth wall and learning of the show's cancellation.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/GravityFalls'', like the ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' example above, has numerous pop cultural shout-outs and references. Most of them will fly over the heads of the target demographic.
* Watch an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'' and count the ludicrous amount of 70s-80s-90s and early 2000s references shout-outs and homages that kids will never get. Its a show that had the main characters run over the Crazy Frog and that had Gumball punch the Microsoft Office Paper Clip. Obvious targets were ''KillBill'' and ''Film/PulpFiction... Like 3 times. And tons of retro games. Even mentioning the [[ResidentEvil G-Virus.]] Most prominently a ''WayForwardTechnologies'' style ''GameboyAdvance'' ''StreetFighterII homage that included a Chun Li Victory pose spamming Hadoukens and a pastiche of Guile's Theme playing as background music.