->'''Lucrezia Noin''': Filler.
->'''Zechs Marquise''': I'm sorry, Noin. It sounded like you just said "filler."
->'''Noin''': I did.
->'''Zechs''' But this is a ''GUNDAM'' series, we don't get fillers. We get crappy recap episodes which nobody likes.
->'''Noin''': I know, where nothing ever happens until right at the end.
-->-- ''[[WebVideo/GundamAbridged Gundam Wing: The Abridged Series]]''

''Note:If you're seeking Wiki/TVTropes Recaps, go [[Recap/{{Recap}} here]].''

A type of ClipShow. An episode that sums up a season or storyline by showing clips of significant events - essentially, a PreviouslyOn that lasts for a whole episode. Often used to help new viewers get acquainted with the storyline. This is important in Japan, where reruns of a series are a rarity. It can also be used to emphasize a StoryArc as setup to the next arc.

Recap episodes can also be used to fill out episode orders if the show's creators don't have quite enough material--a common occurrence if shows prove popular enough after their first few episodes that additional episodes are ordered beyond the series's original plan (as with ''Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross''). Sometimes recap episodes are created by licensees when a show is localized from one market to another; material cut for being too risqué for local audiences (or, more rarely, too risqué for broadcast ''in its original market'' after production, as with the infamous ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' HotSpringsEpisode) has to be replaced by something, and all the footage from previous episodes is readily available to edit in. And sometimes the two cases are combined, as when Harmony Gold created a Recap Episode of out of thin air so ''Anime/{{Robotech}}'' would reach 85 episodes.

Longer-running anime shows will sometimes have a recap episode, usually about halfway through the series, often combined with or immediately followed by a BeachEpisode in order to use FanService to keep the viewers coming back. However, in one- or two-cour shows[[note]]which can run from 12 to 26 episodes[[/note]], a Recap Episode is much less likely to happen, since there's less time available to spend to catch up the audience, and they're far less likely to forget something they saw just a few episodes ago anyways.

Sometimes, combined with a FramingDevice that justifies the episode in-character.

In today's age of UsefulNotes/DigitalDistribution, recap episodes are becoming somewhat less tolerated, since the internet ensures that, even if one cannot immediately access the older episodes as needed (whether [[DigitalPiracyIsEvil legally or not]]), they can easily find online discussions to catch themselves up. This is doubly so since virtually all shows will eventually come out on {{UsefulNotes/DVD}} or UsefulNotes/BluRay, with all the episodes right there for the audience to recap themselves (if it's even needed, as they could also [[ArchiveBinge just watch the whole thing in one sitting]]). If a single-season show has a recap episode, it may be a sign that [[TroubledProduction things are not going smoothly behind the scenes]].

In general, common in older and/or longer-running {{Anime}}, back before digital video or widespread availability of the internet existed, although in the US [[RealityTV reality shows]] also do it. Becoming more popular in the West, with shows such as ''Series/{{Lost}}'' and ''Series/DesperateHousewives'' employing it, but in general it's much more common to show a [[PreviouslyOn brief recap of all relevant storylines at the start of each episode]]. Webcomics will rarely use this, and usually only to [[ConRecap recap their experiences at conventions.]]



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'' had one, though the {{framing device}} included some plot-relevant new material and a notable example of FanDisService.
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' has a Recap Episode toward the end of its first season, but it was more of a summation than a review as the series' renewal was uncertain at the time. The basic plotline was Ranma and Genma sparring shortly after Shampoo's first departure, with Ranma complaining about all the problems he has to put up with because of Genma's brilliant idea to go to Jusenkyo and then strand them here in Nerima.
** A second one came in the third season, apparently intended as a cheap way to do a 'character spotlight episode'. "From Ryoga, With Love" was set in a little shack in the mountains where [[TheRival Ryoga Hibiki]] was thinking over his recent involvements with Ranma and Akane.
* ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}'' has a Recap Episode in which the characters are all at a party, but the visuals are all from previous episodes (explained as being a video being played in some room at the party, apparently taken by a MagicalSecurityCam). Some of the dialogue is amusing (characters seeing events that they were not present for), though other parts simply use the original scenes' dialogue.
** It should be noted as well that ''Mahoromatic'' makes EXTENSIVE use of flashbacks to set a nostalgic mood [[spoiler: in fact, there are three episodes of the second season that can be called Recap Episodes due to their use of flashbacks to set the nostalgic/tragic mood of the presented events]]
* ''Anime/ExcelSaga'' and ''Manga/KodomoNoOmocha'' both have recap episodes framed as game shows, although the Anime/ExcelSaga's also has several twists to the recap (like reshooting one in GratuitousEnglish).
** ''Excel Saga'' had a second episode that recapped only the B-plot. The main characters recapped it while drinking at a bar.
* ''Anime/MartianSuccessorNadesico'' provides an interesting variation: The clip show starts as normal, then it suddenly cuts out to show the episode being watched by the cast of ''Anime/{{Gekiganger 3}}'', Nadesico's ShowWithinAShow (take a second to figure that out, then come back when your head stops hurting). In addition to the usual plot recapping, the episode features all the characters of ''Gekiganger'' (good guys and bad alike) watching ''Nadesico'' on TV and commenting on the action of the previous episodes. And at the end they have a battle, with both sides [[IKnowMortalKombat using what they've learned]] from ''Nadesico''.
* ''Anime/TheTwelveKingdoms'' has recap episodes at the end of each arc, sometimes with a frame story that relates to but is not critical to the main action, sometimes not.
* Episode #14 of ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' is a recap episode. ''Death & Rebirth'' is also essentially a recap ''movie''.
** Half of episode 14 is recap. The other half - well, Rei gives some [[ContemplateOurNavels philosophy-babble]], EVA-00 goes haywire with Shinji inside, and there's a little bit of exposition and foreshadowing.
* ''Anime/{{Macross}}'':
** ''Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross'' (and its ''Anime/{{Robotech}}'' adaptation) has two episodes which are constructed largely from clips of earlier episodes. The first is a basic, narrated clip show, but the second is a brilliantly-edited dream sequence in which events are replayed with different dialogue that radically changes their interpretation and reveals subtexts. This was necessary because ''Macross'' proved popular enough early on that the series received an order for additional episodes. The production staff had to figure out how to fill the space, because they didn't have quite enough story material for enough additional episodes.
*** One of these clip episodes was expanded by the ''Robotech'' producers into the two-hour CompilationMovie ''Codename: Robotech'' for broadcast to build interest in advance of the show beginning its syndication run.
*** ''Robotech'' had a couple of other noteworthy clip shows as well. The episode between the ''Macross'' and ''Anime/SuperDimensionCavalrySouthernCross'' segments of ''Robotech'' was created from footage from both series because without it ''Robotech'' would have been one episode short of coming out evenly divisible by 5, a necessity for weekday syndication.
*** The HotSpringsEpisode of ''Anime/GenesisClimberMospeada'' had to have enough footage cut that Harmony Gold had to add a several-minute recap scene to the beginning of its ''Robotech'' version.
*** The ''Robotech'' version of the ''Mospeada'' OAV ''[[Anime/RobotechLoveLiveAlive Love Live Alive]]'' was itself a CompilationMovie of the New Generation portion of the series.
** ''Anime/MacrossFrontier'' interestingly turns its recap episode into an important episode, by having the villains discuss the recent events and shed light on their evil schemes, as well as commenting on where they succeeded. Also, it looked pretty.
** The ''Frontier''/''Anime/Macross7'' crossover ''[=FB7=]'' was basically a recap ''movie'' for ''7'', but told through the viewpoint of ''Frontier''[='s=] cast.
** ''Anime/MacrossDelta'' went above and beyond by giving us a recap episode covering ''the entire Macross franchise''.
* ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSeed Gundam SEED]]'' has several recap episodes throughout the course of the series, including two clip shows '''in a row'''.
** Like its predecessor, ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSeedDestiny Gundam SEED Destiny]]'' has two or three recap episodes, each of which contains a few minutes of new footage and dialogue to tie together the recaps (e.g., Chairman Durandal's conversation with Rau Le Creuset).
** ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' in general is very fond of flashback/recap stories. The films for the series ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam0083StardustMemory'' and ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamThe08thMSTeam'' are done in this way (the latter being framed as an investigation of the main character who is suspected of treason for his past actions). Similar releases include two direct to video ''[[Anime/MobileFighterGGundam G Gundam]]'' 'movies' and the pair of ''Anime/TurnAGundam'' films.
*** ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Gundam Wing]]'' had two recap episodes in a row, but WordOfGod admitted that this was because plans to air vignettes from the main cast's youth fell through; these stories were later compiled into the manga ''Episode Zero''.
*** ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundam00 Gundam 00]]'' did this as well, with one episode of its first season being partly dedicated to a recap of events up to that point. This is framed as one of the characters reporting on/discussing the team's actions up to that point with a group of unseen collaborators, with commentary on their opinions and a discussion on whether to [[spoiler: accept the unexpected and newly-arrived Throne Gundams as being part of the overall plan]]. The episode does also include new content.
*** ''[[Anime/MobileFighterGGundam G Gundam]]'' also had one in-between the Guyana Highlands arc and the Gundam Fighter Finals arc that recaps the major combatants and their motivations with clips from their respective episodes.
* ''Anime/WolfsRain'' probably deserves the booby-prize for including no fewer than FOUR recap episodes (#15 - 18) halfway through its original 26-episode run. To make up for this four new OVA episodes were made to conclude the story (#27 - 30). In the US DVD release the recap episodes occupy a single disc (Volume 4, "Recollections"), so buyers can skip from discs 3 to 5 without missing anything (apart from some new narration, a couple of new establishing shots and one scene that's re-edited to change its context by removing a character who was in the original version).
* Episode 13 of ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena'' provided some tantalizing clues as to what was really going on as framing material for a recap episode.
** More notable still is "The Prince Who Runs Through The Night," which was both a Recap Episode and an intensely {{squick}}y WhamEpisode.
* ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'' #11 (Infornography) is also some sort of a recap episode, in which images of previous episodes are quickly shown during the first 15 minutes.
* Even ''VisualNovel/{{AIR}}'' used its final (thirteenth) episode to recap everything previous. Most people, therefore, treat it as a TwelveEpisodeAnime.
* The episodes of ''Anime/KujibikiUnbalance'' included in the ''Anime/{{Genshiken}}'' [=DVDs=] included this, with the twist that it is supposed to be episode 21 of a 26-episode TV series, only the first and 25th episodes of which are also included. This means that the episode is "recapping" events that were never made as actual episodes. This allowed the creators to combine several of the scenes from various episodes shown when the ''Genshiken'' cast [[ShowWithinAShow watch the show]] into one episode.
* ''Manga/DeathNote'' has a half-episode-long recap at a particularly important turning point in the series. [[spoiler: In fact, considering where it was, it was more of an episode-long ReallyDeadMontage for L.]]
* ''Manga/{{Chobits}}'', a 27 episode anime series, featured 3 recaps, one of which was the LAST episode of the series.
* ''Anime/CodeGeass'' is one of the few anime series to have the decency to number its recap episode differently from its "normal" episodes. In its case, the recap was numbered 17.5, with the actual story being continued in episode number 18. There was 8.5, too.
** Unlike many examples, however, the staff of ''Geass'' openly admitted that they were stalling for time, and the two "half-episodes" were left out of the DVD release of the series. Consequently, the American broadcast opted to not bother showing them at all.
* The first two episodes of ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana II'' were essentially recaps of the first series, with a bit of plot to justify it.
* The HotSpringsEpisode of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' is also a recap episode. LampshadeHanging occurs when it seems they're actually ''watching'' the clips being recapped, and Kamina can't remember who Viral is at all.\\
Of course, this was done because the episode as animated was too risqué to show (in Japan or America), so they ended up doing a lengthy recap in order to eat up the time from the replaced scenes (the real version is available on DVD). The "Actual" Recap episode is #16.
** The episode 16 recap is unusual in that it brings the series's episode total to 27. Weekly syndicated shows usually have episode counts that are multiples of 13, since that divides evenly into a 52-week year. It seems likely that the recap was added late in production, perhaps prompted by concern that viewers might be confused by the second arc if they couldn't remember important details about the first one.
* Episode 12 of ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo'' consists of Mugen and Jin stealing and reading Fuu's diary, which leads to a humorous retelling of the the previous eleven episodes from Fuu's point of view, with occasional criticisms from Jin and Mugen.
* ''Anime/DigimonSavers'' had two, one based around the protagonists losing their memories, and one based around [[spoiler:Yggdrasil explaining to Craniummon why they were going to annihilate the human race.]]
* ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' didn't have its first full recap episode until right before Ash's eighth Gym battle in Hoenn, and there was another one in Sinnoh. Strangely, both episodes were skipped in the dub.
** Just had another one, although it was more of an introduction to Pokemon, and did show some scenes from future episodes.
* ''Anime/YuGiOh'' also has an number of recap episodes, in which [[InactionSequence the most repeatedly repeated flashbacks]] are repeated once more. They're mostly disguised as a dialogue between two characters, but it's not {{infodump}} since we (the audience) know everything already.
** Naturally, ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' mocked this in its own Recap Episode (Yes, a Recap Episode for an Abridged Series. [[RuleOfFunny Work with it]].)
*** The video description on [=YouTube=] read "Did I just abridge my own series?"
-->'''Yami:''' Or we could flashback to previous episodes in an attempt to save the animators time and money. \\
'''Kaiba:''' Wouldn't that just piss off all our viewers and send our ratings plummeting into the ground? \\
'''Yami:''' Yup. \\
'''Kaiba:''' Let's do it.
** Its OddlyNamedSequel ''Anime/YuGiOhGX'' had a recap episode to open its third season.
* Interestingly, the dub of ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' created a recap episode that was broadcast just before the androids saga.
* ''Anime/ArmoredTrooperVOTOMS'' has three recap episodes: episode 20, episode 28, and episode 40. Each one only covers the events of the first arc, which spanned episodes 1-13.
* ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikers'' had a scene where the rookies were shown Nanoha's past so they may understand why she [[TrainingFromHell trains them in a slow and very thorough manner]]. Incidentally, it also served as a quick summary of the [[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha first]] [[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaAs two]] seasons for those who missed them.
* ''Anime/SailorMoon'' ended its second season on one of these for the entire series up to that point, also incorporating some extremely vague previews for the upcoming season. Frustratingly in North America the gap between this episode and the first episode of the third season was ''two years'' due to the license falling into limbo and eventually being taken up by a different company... it's even worse in the UK where this was the last episode to air all together.
* ''Anime/TekkamanBlade'' had four or five of these in a 49-episode TV series.
* ''Manga/FistOfTheNorthStar'' had roughly a dozen filler episodes during its 152-episode run (counting both series). Some of these fillers actually featured newly animated flashbacks among the clips (such as one where we see the Hokuto Brothers, including a young Jagi, during their training days). One of the most notorious examples occurs at the end of the third part of the first series, which ends with [[spoiler:a five-part tribute arc dedicated to the fallen Nanto Seiken masters.]]
* ''Manga/{{X1999}}'' had one about halfway through, presented as mainly flashbacks.
* The final episode of ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}: ~After Story~'' was a Recap Episode with a small twist: the debate on whether [[spoiler: the universe/reality where Nagisa and Ushio died really existed/happened was addressed.]] It really did happen.
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' has had one regular recap episode before entering the forest of death in the Chunin exam, which takes the form of Konohamaru giving Team 7 an interview. (The show had moved to a new prime timeslot in Japan, so this was to introduce the show to new readers, and was shown back-to-back with the next real episode. In the original screening, there was a hilarious additional NoFourthWall framing device of Naruto being so excited about the time change that he started the show 23 minutes too early and the rest of the cast was stalling for the actual episode to arrive.) The American broadcast actually made it's own two part recap episode ''entirely'' from recycled footage, and both of them were set a while before where the broadcast was when they aired (being set in the Forest of Death and Preliminary round of the fighting while the broadcast was already to the month long break between the preliminaries and the public tournament). This causes several continuity errors, most noticeably that Sakura's hair is at full length even those this is apparently ''after'' her ImportantHaircut.
* ''Anime/SpeedGrapher'' had one, episode 16, in which the events of previous episodes were described in terms of the profit/loss to the club.
* Halfway through ''Anime/RealDrive'', Minamo tells her grandmother about the events so far in order to find out what to write for her school assignment. The episode ends with an insert song while depicting Minamo's first ocean dive, leading to loads of StockFootage SceneryPorn
* ''Anime/FantasticChildren'' drops one right in the middle, with no narrative justification; it's just a bunch of clips recapping the story, leading right up to the last scene of the previous episode. Somewhat justified in that it helps to make sense of the rather complex plot, which was probably welcomed by anyone who'd missed an episode.
* ''Manga/HikaruNoGo'' gives us a weird one; coming near the end of the second season, it has Hikaru and Sai reminiscing and eventually coming to an important decision. The problem is, this scene wasn't in the manga, but the decision they made wasâ¦only they made it about ten episodes later, under different circumstances. So the next few episodes end up contradicting this one, with the characters seeming to have regressed.
* ''Anime/{{Basquash}}'' switches to the main character's reporter sister for the entire second half of episode 19 as she writes a reminiscence on the events of the series so far.
* Episode 11 of ''[[Anime/PhantomOfInferno Phantom ~Requiem for the Phantom~]]'' is this. Episode 19 has elements of it as well, but thankfully to a lesser extent.
* While [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the first anime]] of ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' avoids this trope entirely, ''Brotherhood'' starts the third season off with Hohenheim reminiscing over all the events of the past two seasons, most of which he wasn't even present for, while some surreal events, such as people dancing around a bonfire only to ''explode'', happen in the meantime. [[AllJustADream There's a logical explanation supplied, however.]] This episode was pure filler in the original run in Japan, where it aired a mere week after the previous episode; however, it was very helpful for the Creator/AdultSwim airing, as there was a several-month gap before it.
** It should be noted that this episode provided a massive amount of CharacterDevelopment for [[BigGood Hohenheim]], whose prior character moments were not in the adaptation.
* ''Anime/DotHackSign'' had a particularly weird example. Clips throughout the entire series thus far, with the only narration being various characters reading one long poem that is recited now and then in the show. This one poem reading lasts for twenty minutes.
* The first segment of episode 12 of ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt''. Even though it provided some interesting backstories for the ghosts Panty and Stocking killed, Gainax produced an alternate segment for the DVD release.
* ''Anime/DennouCoil'' recapped the plot through the lenses of Akira's glasses for episode 14.
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'' tends to do this after its filler arcs. Given that they often run upwards of forty episodes, and cannot be strictly in-continuity with the canon arcs, the recap is often sorely needed ("Oh, right, we cut away in the middle of a climactic duel between TheHero and TheRival...")
* Episode 10 of ''Anime/LastExileFamTheSilverWing'' has Gisey writing a letter to her family to recap everything that happened so far.
* Episode 13 of TheRemake of ''Manga/HunterXHunter'', in the style of the above example.
* Like the ''Code Geass'' example above, ''Manga/AttackOnTitan'' had an "Episode 13.5." Though in this case, it probably ''was'' stalling for time, as the studio had blown through their budget and it [[OffModel really showed]] in the previous couple of episodes.
* {{Subverted|Trope}} in ''Anime/KillLaKill'', where Senketsu sets up Episode 16 as a Recap Episode, then [[MotorMouth zips through]] fifteen episodes worth of story in ''one minute'' with Music/TheCancanSong playing in the background. The rest of the episode plays out as usual.
-->'''Senketsu''': Those of you who cringed when we said "Recap episode", don't worry! ''Kill la Kill'' moves at a lightning pace, so our recaps are finished in the teaser section! The actual episode begins now...
* ''Manga/{{Chihayafuru}}'' has one in episode 16, after the first tournament arc and a small amount over the halfway point of the series. Interestingly, it intersperses the clips with short animations of bonus comics from the manga or original jokes, making it pretty worth watching even for those who don't need the recap.
* ''Anime/{{Etotama}}'' does this in its seventh episode. Since the Eto-Musume in the show do not acknowledge the Fourth Wall, this fact is constantly lampshaded by Shar-tan, the episode's spotlight character.
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'':
** Subverted in Episode 25 when the gang introduces the episode as a recap episode... only to cut to them sitting around a hot-pot at home. The gang lampshade this, wondering why the episode's showing them instead and not any recaps.
** Afterward, the show gives actual recap episodes every few seasons, though due to being a parody series they are never all that straightforward. For example in Episode 75, there's a few music montages that recap certain aspects of the series, including one that was meant to be the usual opening credits except clips of ''Prince Hata'' were randomly inserted instead (much to the gang's chagrin); and when they're revisiting the scene where Kagura first meets Takasugi... Prince Hata randomly joins in and dubs Takasugi's voice, which Gintoki and Kagura find so hilarious that they make him dub a few more scenes before an outraged Shinpachi kicks him out.
* Anime/GirlsUndPanzer was forced to include ''two'' recap episodes in a ''12'' episodes series, because of TroubledProduction and ScheduleSlip galore caused delays in finishing episodes 6 and 11 in time.

[[folder:Comic Book]]
* Issue 26 of ''ComicBook/CountdownToFinalCrisis''. As [[WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall Linkara]] put it, "We're halfway through the entire story, so let's just stop the plot and talk about everything that everyone who's been reading the book already knows!"
* Issue 57 on ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog'' was dedicated entirely to going over every story in the comic deemed canon after its CerebusSyndrome.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/NeonExodusEvangelion's'' Recap Episode, [[http://www.eyrie-productions.com/NXE/nxe3-0.txt The Big Show,]] is also a CrowningMomentOfFunny, because [[spoiler:it's narrated by the announcers of ''Series/SportsCenter'']].
* Chapter 2[[note]](actually chapter 1, the previous chapter was the prologue)[[/note]] of ''FanFic/PaperMarioX 2'' can be classified as a Recap Episode. Once Mario receives the letter that kicks off the plot, he starts to remember his adventures that he had with his other friends. The rest of the chapter consists of scenes of the previous Paper Mario X.
* ''Fanfic/WeissReacts'' has one of these about every twenty chapters, starting from chapter 60, to allow readers to catch up to what they missed.
* Chapter 40 of ''[[Fanfic/TwiceUponAnAge All This Sh*t is Twice as Weird]]'' is a variant of this. The main cast is off to what they assume will be the final battle, and are aware that they might not all return, so they sit around their campfire reminiscing. It's a variant because roughly half of the stories they share are [[VideoGame/DragonAgeInquisition events from the game]] which were not directly covered in the story up to that point.

* ''Film/SilentNightDeadlyNightPart2'' is sort of a recap ''movie'': most of the first 40 minutes of the 90 minute film are clips of the first ''Film/SilentNightDeadlyNight'' being narrated to a psychiatrist by the brother of the [[BadSanta santa-suited serial killer]] from the first movie. It was initially conceived as a {{bowdlerize}}d version of the original film with a little bit of new footage to replace more graphic scenes, but ended up becoming a "sequel". And once it does get to what happened to the narrator after the first film, more old footage gets a more playful reuse: At one point an out-of-context scene of a Santa Claus holding up a liquor store shows up in a film he and his date are watching - the subject matter of course hits a little too close to home for him.
* The ''Thumbelina'' insert in ''Film/SantaAndTheIceCreamBunny'' uses this near the end for whatever reason.
* ''Puppet Master: The Legacy'' uses clips from the previous seven ''Film/PuppetMaster'' films to sum up the storyline.
* The sequel to Series/WinnieThe|Pooh's Heffalump Movie, Pooh's Heffalump Halloween is both a WholeReferenceFlashback and a recap movie of "Boo To You, Too, Winnie the Pooh!"

* For a while, each ''Literature/HarryPotter'' book would begin with a Recap Chapter, which would basically consist of Harry sitting around and thinking about the events of previous books for the benefit of anyone not starting the series with the first book. Eventually, Creator/JKRowling just gave up and started assuming everyone had read the previous books.
* Some sequels open with a prologue that provides a synopsis of what has happened in previous volumes: for example, Jane Yolen's ''White Jenna.''
* In ''Literature/StarDarlings'', Libby's book has a recap of Sage's adventure a fourth of the way through. It's justified in-universe as a teaching example, pointing out what Sage did wrong as well as what she did right.
* Each book in the ''Literature/CaptainUnderpants'' series would begin with a nervous George and Harold presenting a comic about how they turned their principal Mr. Krupp into the eponymous superhero. As the series drifted away from being episodic, this would be used to summarize important information that's relevant to the premise of the current book.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Usually during the last week of December or sometimes, just December 31 or whenever the last late-December broadcast is many news programs will have a special type of recap program the year-end recap, presenting (and if appropriate, updating) the top news stories of the past year.
* ''Series/{{Alias}}'' had a particularly egregious one of these in its very first season, in which Sydney Bristow spends approximately ninety percent of the running time telling her interrogators either a) what they should have known already, or b) what they did not possess sufficient security clearance to know. Naturally, her reminisces are all illustrated with clips from earlier shows, which puts it in ClipShow territory as well.
* ''Series/{{Lost}}'' has had recap shows, as well as shows that "recap" events from the perspectives of another group of survivors on the island. These however only air before a normal episode (or before a season premiere) or in place of a repeat instead of being episodes themselves.
* In reality shows, see ''Series/{{Survivor}}'', ''Series/TheApprentice'', and ''Series/TheAmazingRace'' (though only Seasons 6 and 7).
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' makes use of this in their series finale, going to each main character in turn and playing some of the more memorable moments from the previous seven years, accompanied by the instrumental version of an earlier musical number.
* ''Series/{{Destinos}}: An Introduction To Spanish'' includes many recap episodes. These serve not only to review the plot, but also to review the vocabulary terms presented in the reviewed episodes, and help viewers understand the conversations better.
* ''Series/HomicideLifeOnTheStreet'' did a cleverly-framed recap set in a house across the street from a wanted criminal's. The house's owners (audience stand-ins) are asked if they mind the BPD officers using their living room for a while. While they're staking out and have nothing better to do, the cops talk, and the residents' questions (as 'new viewers' to the cops' stories) make it into a recap.
* ''PowerRangers'' usually has one right before the GrandFinale; once or twice the writers tried to give them a point by having the characters use all the reflections and remembrances to put together some kind of mystery or figure something out, but they're just an excuse to make a cheap, minimum effort episode right before the season goes out with a bang. However, the 500th episode was one big Recap Episode for the entire franchise, framed as a ranger history lesson Tommy left for Conner, Kira and Ethan. While it omitted certain details (the events of the ''Mighty Morphin' Alien Rangers'' mini-season, Karone's non-Astronema history, the events of ''Forever Red''), it was still a fun episode and firmly established that all of the PR seasons take place in the same continuity.
** The Alien Rangers and Karone were not the only Rangers slighted in the 500th episode: While Tanya Sloan was briefly seen, she was never mentioned. Also, we never see Cole Evans in his civilian form in it, either.
** The Operation Overdrive clip show was quite handy, as it was the most PlotCoupon-driven show of the franchise. That episode allowed the viewers to figure out who had what and which pieces still had to be recovered.
* The ''Series/StargateSG1'' recap episode from season 2 managed the impressive feat of getting a massive cliffhanger out of its 10% original content. It was even the SeasonFinale.
** This was repeated in another episode in season 7. The show managed to use its 20% of original content on a storyline involving Robert Picardo.
* The "Lab Rats" episode of ''Series/{{CSI}}'' could be considered one of these.
* The ''Series/KamenRiderDragonKnight'' episode "The Many Faces of Xaviax" was one of these, framed around scenes where the show's three leads briefed potential ally Chris Ramírez on what was really going on.
* At least halfway through each of the first three seasons, ''Series/DesperateHousewives'' hosted a recap show to catch the viewers up on all the storylines. ''Series/GreysAnatomy'' used to do this as well.
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' did a special recap episode, ''Farscape Undressed'', prior to the third-season premiere.
* ''Series/TheAdventuresOfShirleyHolmes'' had one, where Shirley received an orchid from an unknown person. A bee that was in the orchid stings her, and she collapses; in her subconscious, she starts looking back at previous adventures trying to figure out who sent the flower, and whether the bee was there intentionally to hurt her, or just there by accident.
* Series/{{Andromeda}}, Series/{{Beastmaster}} and ''Series/MutantX'' each included an episode where the framing for flashbacks was a trial of a major character (in at least two cases, the [[IncrediblyLamePun framing]] was [[KangarooCourt literal]]).
* In an episode in ''Series/{{Legend of the Seeker}},'' Richard wakes up on the day he first met Kahlan, but he remembers all the events that passed. As he tries to explain this to the people around him, they show clips of the past episodes. Also, [[spoiler: in this reality, he isn't the Seeker]].
** And another in season 2, the Creator accuses Richard of serving the Keeper. In recounting his actions, they replay scenes from past episodes.
* ''Series/TheOuterLimits1995'' had an episode, "The Voice of Reason", composed largely of clips taken from earlier one-shot stories, mushed together into one continuity.
* Documentary Mini-Series America Revolution ends with a two part recap episode centered around Washington reminiscing about the war, during his ride to accept nomination as the first president.
* Parodied in the ''Series/{{Community}}'' episode "Paradigms of Human Memory". Its framed ''just'' like one of these episodes- until the viewer realised we never saw any of this stuff happen.
* ''One Big Family'': The final episode of this 1986 syndicated situation comedy, starring comedian Danny Thomas in his last major TV headlining role, was essentially an extended recap show. Framed around a family dinner, the early clips of the show set up the series' main premise: Jake Hattan, a widowed retiree from Seattle, learns that his son and daughter-in-law were killed in a car accident, and now his now-orphaned grandchildren were sent to live with him. The clips then progress through the 25-episode series, showing Jake's initial resistance to having to raise six kids in retirement, but realizing he has a responsibility and agreeing to do so; then finally some of the lighter material as the children recall lessons learned and the good times they've had in the past year.
* ''Series/DiffrentStrokes'' did two such episodes, both early in the show's run (unlike most shows, which wait at least a few years to use this device):
** The first was, appropriately enough, titled "The Retrospective." Aired as the ninth episode in the series during Christmas 1978, this hour-long show cobbled together clips from the first eight shows, with memories of their first two months together shown during Christmas dinner and again around the tree.
** In March 1980, just 45 episodes into the series, came the episode "Valentine's Day Retrospective." This ClipShow/recap episode was framed around Arnold and Willis being locked in a storage closet in their apartment building until they are let out.
* ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000'' aired a standalone 30-minute special titled "This is [=MST3K=]" between seasons 2 and 3, as the show's popularity was starting to take off. Penn Jillette, being Comedy Central's primary spokesman at the time, explained the show's premise for new viewers and performed the usual hosting duties. In addition to the customary clips from recent episodes, the special also included comments from fans and critics who enjoyed the show. Following a ChannelHop, the season 8 premiere devoted a far greater share of its host segments to recap and exposition, though the show's format would not allow for a traditional Recap Episode.

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* Wrestling/AllJapanProWrestling traditionally has two main shows, a BShow, and one of these. What they are called depends on the time period. On Samurai TV ''Royal Road Club'' serves as the recap to ''Kings Road''.
* A year-end recap show has been an annual tradition for World Wrestling Entertainment, back into at least the 1970s (when it was the World-Wide Wrestling Federation). Through the 1990s, these year-end specials were basically nothing more than Wrestling/VinceMcMahon hosting clips and telling brief stories about the top angles of the year, along with highlights from some of the year's best matches. When ''Wrestling/MondayNightRaw'' began airing, the show expanded to air more complete versions of the year's top matches. These recap shows usually also included "Happy New Year"-type messages from both face and heel wrestlers, along with comments about what they hoped to accomplish during the new year.
* Wrestling/{{TNA}}'s ''[=ReAction=]'' was this to ''Impact'', although it sometimes contained information that could not or would be hard to discern even if you had seen every ''Impact''.
* Wrestling/RingOfHonor has quite a few standalone recaps since the SBG purchase, such as ''Honor Vs Evil'', detailing the activities of SCUM. Various shorts such as the ROH Updates hosted by Kevin Kelley, ''Inside ROH'' and ''Story Time With Wrestling/AdamCole''(who hijacked ''Inside ROH'' from Mandy Leon) can also be viewed on the website.

* The many countdown programs headed by ''Radio/AmericanTop40'' and ''Radio/AmericanCountryCountdown'': Each year over the weekend closest to New Year's, most countdown programs do a recap program. It's called a "year end countdown," and essence these "recap" programs arrange in inverse order of relative popularity from usually No. 100 to No. 1 the top songs of the year. Stretch stories used for these programs often highlight general chart accomplishments and statistics, plus individual highlights of the performers.
* In ''Radio/NewDynamicEnglish'', the "Review" episodes feature previous episodes, in which Max is supposed to guess who the guest is.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/BobAndGeorge'' had one of these, lasting quite a few strips, hosted by the resident mute character, Nate.
** [[http://www.bobandgeorge.com/archives/000801c An earlier one, in a single comic.]]
* Parodied in ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' [[http://egscomics.com/?date=2002-02-18 here]]. Played straight [[http://egscomics.com/?date=2010-08-16 here]].
* ''Webcomic/MonsterOfTheWeek'' ends every season with recap strip, made of single frames from that season's episode.
* ''Webcomic/{{Fite}}'' manages one [[http://home.comcast.net/~x8099/thomasblue/fite5to8.html#10 without text.]]
* Used straight, but cleverly justified, in ''Webcomic/GirlGenius''. The heroine is invited to dinner and, when asked about her life, gives the host and us an InfoDump of all the events that have occurred beforehand. Then she collapses into her pudding; turns out the food had been laced with a triple overdose of truth serum.
* ''Webcomic/ProblemSleuth'', with its KudzuPlot, has two [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=4&p=001330 complex]] [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=4&p=001696 recaps]].
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' has [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=6&p=003574 three]] [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=6&p=003888 of them,]] [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=6&p=005138 too]].
** Hilariously, the [[AuthorAvatar author in-universe]] just [[http://www.mspaintadventures.com/?s=6&p=005999 gives up trying to write the fourth one]].
** [[DefiedTrope Defied]] in the "Let's Read Homestuck" Dramatic Reading: Hussie gets a few sentences into the recap before the narrator interrupts and tells him that no one wants to listen to any of this, so they skip right to the end and continue the story.
* ''Webcomic/SluggyFreelance'' will often spend a whole strip recapping important plot points at the beginning or the end of an arc. The characters [[BreakingTheFourthWall are aware of the fact that they're providing a recap]], and take pride in doing a whole recap in one breath or making it sound halfway conversational.
* ''Webcomic/TriangleAndRobert'' have a small device called "Recapulon" which spends strips 1446 (Sep 16th 2003) to 1494 (Nov 3rd 2003) recapping just some of the plot up to that point.
* In ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'', Elan can cry because someone does recap so neatly.
** He also insists on using [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0864.html strip 864]] to [[BreakingTheFourthWall remind the audience what's been happening lately]], as a result of the three month delay brought about by [[RealLifeWritesThePlot the author's hand injury]].
-->'''Roy:''' Let's listen to the rest of the song. There might be more clues.
-->'''Elan:''' [[RealLifeWritesThePlot Then bold sir Thumb rode out to fight]]/ but 'gainst glass could not defend./ They struck him down, brave Digit Knight,/ 'Till he could neither draw nor bend!
-->'''Roy:''' Never mind. We're done here.
* ''Webcomic/ZebraGirl'': The author likes to do some every now and then (and since the story started in 2000, they are most welcomed), but especially when he wants to introduce a new act. Said recap episodes also became more serious after a while, such as the [[http://zebragirl.net/?date=2014-01-24 Recap introducing the Heaven on Earth arc]] (which takes place after the Subfusc one).

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''WebVideo/AitorMolinaVs'' did it as the first six minutes of the third year anniversary special.
* ''WebVideo/{{lonelygirl15}}'' has had several of these.
* ''Literature/FineStructure'' has "The Story So Far", which also ties together most of the threads of the HyperlinkSeries up to that point.
* Defied in ''WebAnimation/BonusStage'':
-->'''Phil''': Remember that time we-
-->'''Joel''': NO! [Credits]
* ''WebVideo/OnCinema: A recap was posted after the end of season 8 that provides a general overview of all 8 seasons and the major plot developments throughout them.
* ''WebVideo/UltraFastPony'''s season 3 finale, "The Longest Recap", is a SelfParody rather than normal ClipShow. The bulk of it is devoted to extremely abbreviated versions of every prior episode, in order--but all the dialogue has been re-recorded, and most of the jokes are new, and several of the video clips didn't actually appear in the original episode, and some of the "recaps" directly contradict what happened in the original episode.
* ''WebVideo/TheBenHeckShow'' has several episodes with the title ''Rewind and Recap'', which revisits old failed projects to see what went wrong or if it can be improved.
* The 13th ''Toys/{{Bionicle 2015}}'' webisode ''Fallen Heroes'' offers a quick rundown on the preceding story. Since episodes were only one and a half minutes in length, they were literally flashing back to what happened minutes ago in videos that were only a few clicks away.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* "The Ember Island Players", ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'''s final BreatherEpisode before the GrandFinale, rather than a ClipShow, is a recap episode where the characters [[WhoWouldWantToWatchUs watch a play depicting their exploits of the three previous seasons]]. Actually it's not as much recap as it is [[SelfParody a parody]] - including the 'real' characters sinking through their seats in shame.
** It's a very meta parody, as well. Like Aang being played by a girl, some confusion as to whether Jet died, and an entire arc being summarized with "Let's not go there". In fact, much of the parody actually comes from complaints of the fandom.
*** Of course, the play also ends with a DownerEnding for the protagonists, where Azula and the Fire Lord win. Propaganda at its finest.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'''s equivalent to "The Ember Island Players", Book Four's "Remembrances", is a more traditional clip show (though the final third is a great deal DenserAndWackier). It has the characters reflect and comment on romance, friendship, past mistakes and the villains they've faced. Like its predecessor, it's largely a BreatherEpisode and contains a great deal of [[SelfDeprecation self-deprecating humor]], much of which is a reflection of fandom opinions. This episode, however, was not according to the original plan - a highly unwelcome [[ScrewedByTheNetwork budget cut]] left production short an episode's worth of funds, and they were forced to either make do largely with existing footage or fire several members of their staff a few weeks early.
* "Reflections" in ''[[WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2003 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles]]'' (2003) recapped all of the turtles' encounters with the Shredder up until then.
* ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButthead'' did a GrandFinale that's a recap of the ''entire series''. Though at one point they opted instead for an OverlyLongGag consisting just of Beavis sitting on the couch.
* The short-lived ''WesternAnimation/SilverSurfer'' cartoon, despite being [=AWESOME=] in most respects, inexplicably spoiled its second episode by devoting a huge chunk of it to recapping the events of the first episode in clips.
* The even-shorter-lived ''WesternAnimation/{{Clerks|The Animated Series}}'' cartoon parodied this in the very second episode made. What compounded this even further was that, due to ExecutiveMeddling, this was actually the very first episode ever aired.
* ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'' has an interesting example in the form of the episode "Grill", which takes the form of one of the Autobots' government liaison briefing his superior; while it is composed almost entirely of clips and summaries of characters and events, it nevertheless, conveys new information in the form of the official government position on and interpretation of the events up to that point.
** Later, "Patch" pretty much summarizes the exploits of Starscream throughout the series. That episode also stands out, as it has the immediate effect of sending one of the lesser villains on a RoaringRampageOfRevenge [[GoMadFromTheRevelation due to the fate of his brother]].
* The ''WesternAnimation/AngelinaBallerina: The Next Steps'' DVD movie ''Dreams Do Come True'' is essentially this. There is a plot, but there's a ''lot'' of material that is just flashbacks of past stories and songs.
* ''WesternAnimation/MoralOrel'': "Orel's Movie Premiere" is a variation: Orel screens some of his stop-motion films for several of the supporting characters (animated in the same style he's shown filming over the show's credits) which tell the events of the first 3 [[OutOfOrder (intended)]] episodes. While trying to tell the events in "Charity" he gets cut off by local bully Joe, who starts narrating his own story over it (which also refers to events from earlier episodes). Not clear if it's intentional, but this episode airs before [[WhamEpisode "Nature."]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Motorcity}}'' episode "Threat Level: Texas!" has Texas being interrogated by Tooley of [=KaneCo=], who retells events from the episodes "Battle for Motorcity," "Power Trip" and "Going Dutch." Only he's an UnreliableNarrator, has a SelfServingMemory or is messing with Tooley; the flashbacks are shown in a way that portray him as the hero instead of Mike Chilton, and the Burners (and others) are shown to be ''very'' out of character.
* ''WesternAnimation/SuperRobotMonkeyTeamHyperforceGo'' has an episode called "The Skeleton King Threat", in which the Monkey Team finally gains the ability to talk to humans and tells them about their adventures so far.
* Both of the shows in the short-lived Marvel Action Heroes, ''WesternAnimation/FantasticFour'' and ''WesternAnimation/IronMan'', had this as their respective third-to-last episodes, "Hopelessly Impossible" and "Empowered". The former had the Impossible Man fleeing from the Super-Skrull and team-up with the Human Torch and Lockjaw as part of its framing device and the latter had the MODOK and the Mandarin use the latter's rings to learn about what's happened since the season premiere.