->''"Wilt thou know \\
The effect of what I wrote?... \\
That, on the view and knowing of these contents, \\
Without debatement further, more or less, \\
He should the bearers put to sudden death, \\
Not shriving-time allow'd."''
-->-- ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}''

The plucky, eager young messenger has been ordered to deliver a message to the queen. The messenger, desperately wanting to please his superiors, runs along as fast as he can and hands over the envelope before the wax has dried. He watches, nervously, as the queen reads it and... wait, why is she pointing a gun at him?

[[OhCrap What do you mean, the message told her to?!]]

This trope is when a character sends another -- usually an UnwittingPawn -- to deliver a message containing the single instruction to harm the person delivering the message. While the instructions are usually fatal, that is not a requirement for the trope. This method of disposing of the UnwittingPawn is usually a KickTheDog moment for the person sending the message.

Sometimes the message refers to the messenger, but not by name. This message often gets handed to a different messenger for delivery. Alternately, the messenger of another person intercepts and modifies the message.

Not to be confused with ShootTheMessenger or SpareAMessenger. It's related, however, to ShootTheDangerousMinion. Can be combined with the related UriahGambit, when the message tells the recipient to send the messenger on a deadly errand. If you're playing a video game and your PlayerCharacter gets hit with this, you've just encountered one variety of TreacherousQuestGiver.

'''Spoilers ahoy!'''



[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* This is how John Looney betrays Michael O'Sullivan in ''ComicBook/RoadToPerdition''. The message in question read "Kill O'Sullivan, and all is forgiven." Michael being Michael, however, the people that he sends this message to don't succeed in offing him. John Looney's son Connor, on the other hand, is a lot more successful in [[MoralEventHorizon his part of the betrayal]].
* One of the ''ComicBook/MouseGuard'' books had a story where this happened to one of the protagonists, as a ruse by the king of his own land in order to get the guy's wife while at the same time ending a war that the two kings had been engaged in. The dude actually lives through the attack and is able to return, and his wife ends up killing the king.
* In the ComicBook/{{Tintin}} comic ''[[Recap/TintinCigarsOfThePharaoh Cigars of the Pharaoh]],,'' Tintin takes two patients to a mental hospital, and gives the doctor a letter which is supposed to explain their condition. Little does he know that letter describes Tintin himself as a dangerous lunatic, and instructs the doctor to lock him up.

[[folder: Fairy Tales ]]
* In [[http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/russian/russianwondertales/vasiliiunlucky.html "Vasilii the Unlucky,"]] the rich merchant tries to avert his daughter's marriage to a poor man's son by many means, including having the son carry a letter to his wife with instructions to kill him. The three men who predicted that they would marry changed the letter to direct her to marry him to their daughter.
** In "[[http://mythfolklore.net/andrewlang/081.htm The Story of Three Wonderful Beggars]]", it happens the same way.
** In Creator/TheBrothersGrimm's [[http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/authors/grimms/29devilgoldhairs.html "The Devil With the Three Golden Hairs,"]] it's robbers that do the switch, out of pity.
** In "Literature/TheKingWhoWouldBeStrongerThanFate", the princess herself makes the change.
** In Creator/JosephJacobs' [[http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/authors/jacobs/english/fishring.html "The Fish and the Ring,"]] robbers do it. (It's also a GenderFlip.)
* In Creator/JosephJacobs' [[http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/authors/jacobs/indian/sonofsevenqueens.html "The Son of Seven Queens,"]] the son was given such a message by the wicked woman who had stolen the queens' eyes and usurped their place, but he altered it to say that her mother should give him his mothers' eyes.
* Happens via tampering in ''[[http://www.surlalunefairytales.com/armlessmaiden/index.html The Girl Without Hands.]]'' The message that she be well treated is turned to one that she be executed.

* In ''Film/KangarooJack'': The main character is the fuck-up stepson to a mafia boss, who sends him and his BlackBestFriend to Australia to deliver the contract for a mob hit to his associates. It turns out that they're delivering the ''payment'' for their murder, rather than the contract. The kangaroo ends up inadvertently saving their life by running off with the money inside the red jacket.
* The opening of ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi'' doesn't quite match this to the letter, but the idea is the same: [=R2D2=] and [=C3P0=] are sent to Jabba's palace with a message that they are being traded to Jabba, much to the surprise of [=C3P0=] (but not R2). This is subverted when it turns out to be all part of their plan to rescue Han.
* ''Film/TheFourthProtocol'' is about a Soviet plot to detonate a nuclear device on British soil and MakeItLookLikeAnAccident. As such an act violates a secret protocol between the nuclear powers, various people get bumped off because [[YouKnowTooMuch They Know Too Much]]. A female military scientist is sent to assemble the bomb that the KGB agent played by Pierce Brosnan will detonate. She delivers a message which Brosnan decodes using a one-time pad, then he burns the message claiming that it just confirms her instructions re setting off the bomb. She ends up sleeping with him, and the morning after rolls over in bed and [[WritingIndentationClue sees the imprint on the notepad]]: KILL HER. Brosnan immediately shoves a pillow against her chest and fires his gun through it, killing her as she's about to blurt out that the bomb's timer has been set to kill him the moment he activates it.
* ''Film/RoadToPerdition'' combines this with a UriahGambit. When Sullivan goes out on his debt collecting rounds for Mr. Rooney, he is given a special note from him [[spoiler: actually from Rooney's son]] for the first debtor he visits - an offer to forgive the debt if the debtor kills Sullivan.
* ''Film/TheTransporter'' makes a living delivering packages no-questions-asked, so after he's done an assignment for them the villains give him a suitcase with a bomb in it to be delivered somewhere else. Fortunately he stops for a soda so the bomb explodes while he's out of the car.

* Dr. Bledsoe pulls a non-fatal version on the Narrator in ''Literature/InvisibleMan'' with a supposed letter of recommendation that actually says something along the lines of "Do not hire this man under any circumstances."
* ''[[Literature/{{Gor}} Vagabonds of Gor]]'': Tarl risks life and limb to deliver a message from the regent in Ar to the commander of Ar's Station, but when he gets there, he learns that the message is, "This man is a spy. Kill him." The message wasn't from the regent but from another traitorous faction within Ar's government.
* In ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' series:
** Mat carries one of these at one point. Being less than completely honorable, he decides to read it before he delivers it.
** Bayle Domon, too. He is smart enough to read it before delivering it, and makes the entirely sensible decision to flee far, far away.
* ''Literature/IClaudius'' has a [[DownplayedTrope downplayed]] version which doubles up as a SnipeHunt: Caligula punishes someone who's annoyed him by sending him with a letter to the King of Morocco. The letter says, "Kindly send bearer back to Rome."
** Was earlier played straight by Sejanus; he'd been given a letter from Tiberius to deliver to the Senate. Tiberius led Sejanus to believe it was a promotion, but in fact it accused him of numerous crimes and requested that the Senate put him to death.
* In Creator/StephenColbert's ''Literature/IAmAmericaAndSoCanYou'', he suggests improving the track-and-field Olympic events in various ways, one of which is to give each runner a sealed envelope the winner is supposed to deliver. The envelopes contain a kill order for the winner. Everyone knows this but the runners.
* A variation in the Literature/GauntsGhosts novel ''Blood Pact''. Junior Commissar Ludd is given such a letter by his superior officer, with the caveat that he's only to deliver it (and thus be shot) if he feels he needs help earning the respect of the Ghosts, thereby failing in his role as morale officer.
* In ''Literature/TheDestroyer'' series, if it ever becomes necessary to disband CURE via KilledToUpholdTheMasquerade, Smith will commit suicide after sending Remo to deliver a PleaseShootTheMessenger message to Chiun.
* In ''Blood Games'' by Creator/ChelseaQuinnYarbro (part of her Saint-Germain series), Justus sends his slave Monostades [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness who has been helping him]] with a note instructing the recipient to seize the slave, geld him, cut out his tongue, and send him to hard labor. [[spoiler: He learns to write (and [[TheDogBitesBack testify]]) in the labor gang.]]
* Mack "Literature/TheExecutioner" Bolan pulls a nasty version of this when he kills a Black Ace (an elite ProfessionalKiller, answerable only to TheMafia Commission), dresses the body in his trademark black body suit, and gives it to the idiot son of a Mafia boss to take to New York. When the Don finds out, he has a VillainousBreakdown at the thought of what will happen to his son for this cock-up.

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]
* Done in ''Series/{{Rome}}'' to [[spoiler: the assassin of Pompey]].
* In "The Luck Child," an episode of ''Series/TheStoryteller'', an evil king finds a young man who's been prophesied to be king after him. He offers him a position at court and sends him to the castle with a letter instructing the Queen to have the boy cut into a thousand pieces. [[spoiler: The letter doesn't make it into the Queen's hands, thanks to the intervention of [[EvenEvilHasStandards a helpful forger]] who replaces it with instructions to have the bearer marry the princess instead.]]
* In the flash-sideways reality of ''Series/{{Lost}}'', Jin and Sun travel to the United States to deliver a large sum of cash to a business associate of Sun's father. The associate, Keamy, reveals that the money is Keamy's fee for killing Jin.
* In ''Series/TheATeam'' episode "Recipe for Heavy Bread", a former North Vietnamese soldier who helped the A-Team out was smuggled into the U.S. along with a note along these lines for the smuggler's accomplice. The (failed) murder attempt kick-starts the episode's plot.

[[folder: Mythology and Religion ]]
* OlderThanFeudalism: [[Myth/GreekMythology Iobates]] was the King of Lycia. His son-in-law Proetus, convinced that his guest Bellerophon had tried to rape his wife/Iobates' daughter (in fact, [[WoundedGazelleGambit Bellerophon had refused her advances]]), was determined to kill the hero, but was bound by ''[[SacredHospitality xenia]]'' not to. So he sent Bellerophon to Iobates with a note that said "Kill the bearer of this message." But before Bellerophon could hand the message to Iobates, he had feasted at the Lycian court and slept under the King's roof--''xenia'' again! So [[UriahGambit Bellerophon was sent to destroy the horrible monster Chimera]].
* ''Literature/TheBible'': In the Second [[Literature/BooksOfSamuel Book of Samuel]] King David has Uriah the Hittite carry a letter to Joab, his commanding officer:
-->''And he wrote in the letter, saying: [[UriahGambit Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.]]''

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* One ''ComicStrip/BeetleBailey'' strip had Sarge, tired of Beetle's antics, tell Beetle to deliver a letter to General Halftrack. Lt. Fuzz intercepted Beetle, declaring that if anyone was to deliver a message to the general, it should be him. The message? "Throw this idiot in the brig!"

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Fantasy Games Unlimited's ''TabletopGame/FlashingBlades'' supplement ''An Ambassador's Tales''. In the adventure "Diplomatic Immunity", a treacherous British nobleman sends the French adventurers to deliver a coded message to Lord Pepperbox. The message is a line from Shakespeare that talks about killing Frenchman, which Lord Pepperbox will correctly interpret as a death warrant for the {{PC}}s.

* ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'': The courtiers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern travel to England with Hamlet to deliver a letter by King Claudius which orders Hamlet's execution (of which the two are probably unaware). To their misfortune, Hamlet secretly reads the letter and alters the message so that it orders the death of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern instead. They deliver the letter, and are executed.
* ''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead'' parodies this. They read the letter after it's been tampered with, but since this play has NoFourthWall, they have to acknowledge that they can't do a thing about the plot.
* Mortimer pulls this on hired assassin Lightborn in Creator/ChristopherMarlowe's ''Theatre/EdwardII'', sending him to kill the deposed King Edward with a note to Edward's jailers to kill Lightborn himself once the deed is done.
* A more comedic, non-lethal variant happens in Creator/VictorHugo's plays Ruy Blas, where the queen gets rid of her {{Yandere}} AbhorrentAdmirer by asking him to deliver a letter to someone from her family. Said letter turns out to say "Keep this old fool busy as long as possible".

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* In ''VideoGame/{{Drakensang}} II'' in order to win the trust of Captain Soorman you must deliver such a letter to one of his men.
* The shopkeeper in text adventure ''VideoGame/GnomeRanger'' gives you a letter to send to his family member down the road, in exchange for an item from his shop. Of course, said family member is a witch that creates statues from visitors.
* In ''VideoGame/HitmanBloodMoney'', the agency has some sort of code that instructs their agents to kill postmen who bring them a letter marked with it.
* Can happen to you in ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}}'': if you don't agree with [[spoiler: Moore]]'s views (even though he's right) about Vault City being a bunch of selfish assholes or pressure him to give you more payment for delivering his briefcase to [[spoiler:Bishop]], he will put a notice into the briefcase that prompts [[spoiler:Bishop]] to set his thugs after you. In fact, there's no way to tell whether the briefcase carries the notice or not since the game notes it's sealed up real good so that you can't open it.
* Downplayed in ''VideoGame/{{Wizard 101}}'': After giving you a menial task for failure, Professor Cyrus Drake sends you with a letter to the headmaster. The headmaster reads it and exclaims that [[HeartwarmingMoment he will not expel you, no matter what Cyrus thinks of you]].
* A subversion in ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft : Wrath of The Lich King''. You are instructed (by an Ebon Blade officer) to read the message aloud in front of a [[HornyVikings Vrykul]] warlord. The message itself is an order to submit and ceasing allegiance to the Lich King with surrender or die threat attached. At the end of the message, it is said that the messenger will also be the deliverer of said threat should he refused to submit (which he definitely won't).
* ''VideoGame/{{Dishonored}}'' has a variation: Before the Boyle party mission your compatriot [[BlueBlood Lord Pendleton]] asks you to deliver a letter to one of the guests. Said letter designates you as [[DirtyCoward Pendleton]]'s stand-in for a DuelToTheDeath. Naturally you don't find this out until ''after'' the other man has read the letter.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/NoRestForTheWicked'', the usual plot is inverted. [[http://www.forthewicked.net/archive/04-04.html King Gareth's message about his wife is turned into an order for her execution,]] but the queen mother sees through it.
* ''Webcomic/HowIKilledYourMaster'' has a non-lethal example. Liu Wong has recently graduated as "master" of Fei Xian's Five Mantis Fist style of martial arts, and moved on to study the ''Tiger Knuckle'' style from Fang Yun. After [[http://www.nuklearpower.com/2010/03/22/how-i-killed-your-master-049/ presenting an introductory letter to Fang Yun,]] he promptly gets his ass beaten by every single one of Fang's students, in descending order. It's implied that Fei Xian's letter ''asked'' Fang to kick the crap out of him so as to break his massive ego.
* In ''Webcomic/DanAndMabsFurryAdventures'', [[http://www.missmab.com/Comics/Vol_1773.php Dragon Lord Hizell]] believes that his son, Pyroduck has become soft after he was raised by Fa'Lina, so he sends a messenger with instructions to kill the messenger to prove his worth as a dragon. To up the ante, the messenger was told that if Pyroduck refused to kill her, [[InvoluntaryBattleToTheDeath to kill him instead]].

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/DuckRabbitDuck'', WesternAnimation/BugsBunny tricks Elmer Fudd into thinking he needed a special license to shoot a "fricasseeing rabbit." Daffy Duck writes up the license but Bugs tricks Daffy into making it a "fricasseeing duck" license.
-->'''Daffy:''' How do you spell fricasseeing?
-->'''Bugs:''' F-r-i-c-a-s-s-e-e-i-n-g-d-u-c-k.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/OswaldTheLuckyRabbit'' cartoon "Not So Quiet," Pegleg Pete, a general, does this to Oswald, a low-ranking soldier.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Caliph Al-Akim is said to have toyed with this by dropping random missives for people to find and deliver, containing [[LuckBasedMission either an order to kill the bearer or an order to give them gold if delivered unopened.]]
* A nonlethal variant happened to Creator/AlfredHitchcock. When he was a little boy, his father gave him a letter and sent him to a police station. The letter contained a request to throw little Alfred into a cell for a night. Since then, Hitchcock, generally a brave man, feared police.
* The Spartan general Pausanias who was conspiring with the Persian king communicated via letters with instructions to kill the messenger. This backfired when [[GenreSavvy when one of them opened the letter]] and alerted the ephors.
* Played with by the infamously cruel Emperor UsefulNotes/{{Caligula}}, who once ordered a wealthy Roman to carry a letter to Ptolemy, king of Mauretania. The letter asked him to "Do neither good nor ill to the man I have sent."
* Played with in a popular urban legend. A young woman agrees to deliver a message for a blind stranger, but, finding the circumstances suspicious, takes the note to the police instead. They find a horrific setting selling human flesh. The note reads "this is the last one I am sending you today"[[/folder]]