[[quoteright:339:[[Manga/IAmAnOtokonoko http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/IAmAnOtokonokoComposite_9010.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:339:An author and [[WholesomeCrossdresser his]] manga.]]

"Otokonoko", also known as "Otoko no Musume", is a Japanese genre of romantic and/or erotic stories for men, focusing on AttractiveBentGender male {{Crossdresser}}s. The name is a pun.[[labelnote:Details]]The word "otokonoko" normally means "boy" (literally "male child"), but swapping the "ko" meaning "child" for a different "ko" meaning "girl" gives a compound that Japanese sites like to translate as "male maiden".[[/labelnote]] It is sometimes called '"josou" ("women's clothes"), a more generic term for male crossdressers.

Otokonoko features both girl-on-crossdresser and guy-on-crossdresser stories (it's one of the few places where you will find m/f stories and m/m stories side-by-side in the same magazine). The target audience is men who crossdress (or are interested), and men who have a fetish for crossdressers, and the art styles and tropes are typically those of male-oriented romance / {{ecchi}} / {{hentai}} material. There is also a significant PeripheryDemographic of female readers. (Although guy-on-guy otokonoko is often mistaken for BoysLoveGenre, anything targeted to women is ''not'' otokonoko.)

Although cute crossdressers in romantic situations have been an occasional theme in {{shonen}} and {{seinen}} since the '80s, otokonoko did not start as an identified genre until about 2004. Most works created before this are not usually considered part of the genre, although some have been grandfathered in.

An otokonoko character must be anatomically male (no {{Hermaphrodite}}s or {{Gender Bender}}s) but look convincingly like an attractive girl. Most identify as male, but even when the character identifies as female, [[TransgenderFetishization few works try to deal with]] actual {{Transgender}} issues in anything like a realistic way. Since otokonoko is mainly an {{otaku}} thing, otokonoko are quite likely to wear SailorFuku, {{Meido}}, {{Miko}}, CatGirl or {{Naughty Nurse Outfit}}s as well as "ordinary" female clothes.

Some non-fiction magazines exist to provide advice and help with crossdressing for men who identify as otokonoko in RealLife and who crossdress to achieve the look (or want to).

Most otokonoko is technically {{seinen}}, although some is {{shounen}}. ''Works aimed at a female audience are never this, so don't list {{shoujo}}, {{josei}} or [[BoysLoveGenre boys' love]].''

[[AC: The following works either technically aren't Otokonoko or precede the establishment of Otokonoko as a genre, but have been influential in its development:]]
* ''Manga/MariaHolic'' - The inspiration for dozens of "boy crossdresses to infiltrate an all-girl's school, gets involved in pseudo-lesbian sexual hijinks" stories, although it's not the first to do this. It's not quite an example of the genre (in ways, it's almost a parody of it, actually).
* ''VisualNovel/{{Happiness}}'' - Jun is pretty much the type-model for the "guy meets cute girl, finds out girl isn't a girl, decides he doesn't care" plot. Doesn't quite fit into the genre, as Jun is only one of a number of possible {{Love Interest}}s in the game and is mostly a side-character in the anime adaptations. Jun is also heavily implied to be trangender.
* ''Manga/NoBra'' - Like ''Happiness!'', a model for the "guy meets cute girl, finds out girl isn't a girl, decides he doesn't care" storyline. Predates the genre, sometimes grandfathered in as it otherwise fits quite well.
* ''LightNovel/BakaAndTestSummonTheBeasts'' - Hideyoshi is an icon for the subculture. Doesn't quite fit into the genre, as it doesn't focus on Hideyoshi's love life.
* ''Manga/WanderingSon'' - The three "crossdressers" are all {{transsexual}} but the series is often mistaken for at Otokonoko series. ''Waai'' did run some articles and ads for the anime adaptation.
* ''Manga/StopHibarikun'' - Hibari is well-known as a classic in the genre but the series predates the genre by at least twenty years, being from TheEighties. Also Hibari is implied to be transgender.
* ''Manga/PrincessJellyfish'' - Kuranosuke is an icon, well known for being both incredibly fashionable and a rare adult crossdresser, and the series does focus on the SiblingTriangle. But it doesn't quite fit the genre, being a {{josei}} aimed at young adult women.


%%The following examples are in alphabetical order per section. Please place new examples in the appropriate spot.
[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* There are a couple of magazines that focus specifically on otokonoko manga:
** ''[=WAaI!=] boys in skirts'' (more clean) (suspended indefinitely as of early 2014)
*** ''[=WAaI!=] Mahalo'' - A spinoff magazine focusing on manga. Cancelled after about 6 issues.
** ''Oto★Nyan'' (more raunchy) (on a most likely permanent hiatus as of summer 2013)
** ''Otoko no Ko Comic Anthology'' (filthy)
** ''Otokonoko HEAVEN'' (even more filthy)
* ''Amahara-kun +'': A sociopathic trap tries to convert other boys into traps by whatever means necessary, and often ends up helping them in some way.
* ''Boku to Boku'': A girl who looks like a boy befriends a crossdresser.
* ''Manga/BokuraNoHentai''[[/index]] is light on the {{Fanservice}}, but it's {{seinen}} and therefore fits the "targeted towards men" part. Notably, one of the three main characters is explicitly {{transsexual}}, while the other two are boys who are crossdressing for personal reasons. The series comes off as a GenreDeconstruction as with its cute art style and "Middle school crossdressers" premise it seems to be normal game.. But the cast has a serious case of DysfunctionJunction and the series handles its topics seriously.
* ''Manga/BrockenBlood''[[/index]]: a borderline example, started off as a gag comedy with a crossdressed [[MagicalGirl Magical Boy]] but has increased the crossdressing-fanservice levels to appeal to otokonoko fans.
* ''Manga/{{Himegoto}}''[[/index]] by Norio Tsukudani, a rare 4-koma work (at least the first few chapters). The first in the genre to get an anime.
** ''Himegoto Plus'': A spinoff focusing on the main character's little brother.
* ''Josou Shounen'', An ongoing (as of 2014) manga anthology featuring cross-dressing boys. The majority of the stories have romantic elements to them. Some more notable recurring series include the following-
** ''Hatsu Kokuhaku'': A boy is [[DraggedIntoDrag roped into cross-dressing]] in order to get closer to a classmate he likes... initially, anyway.
** ''Zenryoku 'Otome''': A cross-dressing boy becomes infatuated with the person who saved him from a perverted train passenger.
** ''Haruno to Natsukawa'': A student's male friend takes his entrance into high school as an opportunity to make his cross-dressing debut. Hijinks ensue as the friend attempts to get closer to the student.
* [[index]]''MayoElleOtokonoko'': would be yet another "boy crossdresses to infiltrate an all-girl's school, gets involved in pseudo-lesbian sexual hijinks" story, except that most of the "girls" aren't...
* ''MyCuteCrossdresser'': a guy who likes doing makeup convinces a classmate to crossdress so he can use him for practice, gets turned on by the result. One of the first in the genre to be officially published in English.
* ''OnnanokoTokidokiOtokonoko'': yet another "guy meets cute girl, finds out girl isn't a girl, decides he doesn't care" story.
* ''Past Future'': A boy starts crossdressing to try and bond with his disapproving and distant sister.
* ''Manga/PrunusGirl'': yet another "guy meets cute girl, finds out girl isn't a girl, decides he doesn't care" story.
* ''Reversible!'': An all boys school that at first glance seems to be coed due to the eccentric dress code, and the relationships that develop there.
* ''Manga/TheSecretDevilChan'': guy wishes for {{Horny Devil|s}} to take his virginity, gets cutie, freaks when he realizes he forgot to specify ''female'' cutie.
* ''SenseiAnone'': A hapless male high-school teacher gets pursued by an also male student who wears girls' clothes.
* ''Porte Tricolore'': A short-lived SliceOfLife series set in a magical world where only "traps" can use magic. Notable for implying that most of the cast is actually intersex in some way.

* ''Anime/OtomeWaBokuNiKoishiteru'': Possibly the original "boy crossdresses to infiltrate an all-girl's school, gets involved in pseudo-lesbian sexual hijinks" story; released at a point where the genre didn't have a name and consequently advertised as "GirlsLove" even though the main character is male.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Literature/OtokoNoKoWaMeidoFukuGaOsuki'': Four cute girls open and run a maid cafe (spoiler: they're not girls)

* ''Otoko no ko club'' is a nonfiction magazine aimed at otokonoko which provides tips and techniques for crossdressing.
* ''Wagahai wa "Otokonoko" dearu!'' (''I am an Otokonoko!''): [[http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2010-11-18/ex-johnny-jr-idol-makes-cross-dressing-essay-manga A manga how-to guide]] for otokonoko hopefuls written by Nanami Igarashi, son of [[/index]]{{shojo}} manga artist Yumiko Igarashi (''Manga/CandyCandy'')[[index]] and voice actor Creator/KazuhikoInoue and himself an otokonoko.