->''"A nod's as good as a wink to a blind bat!"''
-->-- '''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'''

Much comedy is based on having characters [[MistakenForIndex misunderstand other characters' words]] or [[BilingualDialogue language]], but this can only go so far: after all, words have generally accepted meanings, which limits the possibilities for misunderstanding.

With nonverbal communication, [[PoorCommunicationKills the sky's the limit]]. A wink, a hand gesture, a significant look -- could mean ''anything''. It's possible to have characters conduct entire conversations in which each completely misinterprets what the other is saying.

A common hazard of MimingTheCues. Contrast TalkingThroughTechnique and HandSignals, where gestures can get a very precise message across.




[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Pretty much the entire premise of ''Manga/{{Mitsudomoe}}''.
* In one of the ''Manga/OnePiece'' specials, the villain captain and one of his underlings attempt to communicate through eye contact and subtle gestures. It fails.
--> '''Captain:''' ''(signalling through eye contact)'' Do any of the others have devil fruit powers?
--> '''Underling:''' ''(thinking)'' He must be asking if I have the situation under control... ''(aloud)'' Leave everything to me!
* A similar incident to the above happens in ''Manga/ElementalGelade'', wherein poor [[ButtMonkey Rowen]], across the ship from his TriggerHappy boss Cisqua, tries frantically to signal to her not to intervene in his battle with the opponent of the day (for fear that her bullets will damage the ship). Cisqua cheerfully misinterprets this as a plea for assistance and breaks out the guns. HilarityEnsues.
* In ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'', Panther finally finds Shin, but then remembers that he can't speak Japanese. So he tries to motion that he wants to test his skills against him. Shin concludes that Panther's hungry.
** Later, Mamori frantically tries to signal to the Devil Bats that the opposing team is planning something, but most of the team thinks she's trying to cheer them on.
* In ''Anime/{{Kemonozume}}'' Toshihiko and Yuka are hiding from the enemy. They try to discuss what to do via hand gestures (subtitled on screen). HilarityEnsues.
* In an early episode of ''Anime/CodeGeass'', Lelouch pulls the collar of his shirt to signal Suzaku to meet on the roof later. The audio dramas expand this quite a bit: Lelouch, a {{crazy prepared}} super-nerd even at that age, had created an entire language of over a hundred hand signals for them to communicate with. Of course, Suzaku couldn't remember them all, leading to quite a bit of confusion until Lelouch simplified it.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* A variation is used in an old comic of ''Literature/TheMoomins'' where the Moomins are being held by pirates. A pirate orders them to work "or else", and makes a cutting gesture across his throat. The Moomins are appropriately horrified: "We must do what he says or he'll commit suicide!"

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* ComicStrip/{{Garfield}} has a subversion: Garfield successfully mimes a message to Jon ("You're standing in my food"), but Jon doesn't get that he is, in fact, ankle-deep in Garfield's food bowl. He thinks it's just a game of Charades, where he was supposed to guess a message (like a movie title) that has nothing to do with the situation at hand.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Examples in Fanfic/{{the Calvinverse}}:
** When Hobbes waves frantically to Calvin while the latter is talking on the phone to his mother in ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesIIIDoubleTrouble'', Calvin simply says "Hobbes says hi."
** The above gag is inverted in ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' - Hobbes misinterprets a hand signal to get evidence as a friendly wave.
* In the ''{{Anime/Pokemon}}'' fanfic ''FanFic/{{Symbiosis}}'', Ash misinterprets Pikachu's hand signals for leash as a noose.
* One Thor/Avengers fanfiction features hostile aliens gatecrashing a party on Asgard which Jane Foster and the Avengers are attending; Black Widow and Hogun the Grim begin communicating by SignificantLooks, which Jane thinks is impressively badass. This silent conversation seems to be leading somewhere...until Hogun picks up a platter of chicken and points at it. Natasha blinks, then goes over to talk to Hogun with actual words, which Jane reflects might be less secret agent but also less likely to have significant portions of the conversation turn out to be "and then chicken."
* In ''FanFic/ThisBites'', this applies given that the city of octopi the Straw Hats run into communicate mainly by eight-tentacled sign language... and Vivi and Robin end up [[MyHovercraftIsFullOfEels insulting the shogun, his lineage]] and his [[SeriousBusiness surfing skills]] when Vivi accidentally uses [[AccidentalUnfortunateGesture the eight-tentacled dialect instead of the eight-jointed-limbed dialect]].

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* In ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'', Yzma's plan to poison Kuzco has failed, instead turning him into a llama. Kuzco hasn't noticed, and continues their dinner conversation. Yzma starts beating two pieces of broccoli together, trying to tell Kronk to knock him out. He thinks she's just asking for more broccoli. Yzma finally gets the message across by pounding her palm with her fist.
* In ''WesternAnimation/IceAge'', Scrat attempts to warn Manny and Sid of the ambush by Diego's pack. They understand "pack of..." but can't find out the last part, even when Scrat points directly at Diego.
* In ''Disney/LiloAndStitch'', Lilo's sister tries to prompt Lilo from behind the social worker's back. It all goes well until Lilo misinterprets an enthusiastic gesture as "I get... disciplined? Five times a day!"
[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* Mel Brooks' ''Film/YoungFrankenstein'' features a scene where the monster grabs and chokes Frankenstein. Since he cannot talk, he frantically uses Charades to communicate to his assistants that they should sedate his monster. They take a long time about it before Igor finally guesses "Sedagive!". Frankenstein is not pleased. In the Broadway version, it is 'Flying Down to Rio', which may be a reference to [[Film/TheProducers another Mel Brooks movie turned Broadway musical.]]
* Partial example in ''Film/MenInBlack'' where the attractive female medical examiner attempts to signal to Agent J that there's a hostile alien in the room with them, and he thinks she's flirting with him, and while she is talking most of her indications of the alien are nonverbal.
* In ''Film/GalaxyQuest'', [[AndYouThoughtItWasAGame Jason Nesmith]] signals [[CommunicationsOfficer Gwen DeMarco]] with a throat-slashing gesture while talking to [[BigBad Sarris]] on a comm channel, then turns to the crew and explains his plan to trick Sarris-- oblivious, despite gestures, to the fact that the channel is still wide open.
-->'''Jason:''' Okay, Gwen, put me back on with him.
-->'''Gwen:''' That's what I've been trying to tell you, Jason. You ''are'' back with him.
-->'''Sarris:''' Perhaps I am not as stupid as I am ugly, commander!
-->'''Jason:''' ''(to Gwen)'' I gave you the 'kill' gesture.
-->'''Gwen:''' No, you gave me the 'we're dead' sign. I was agreeing with you. Like I know where the 'hold' button is.
* ''Film/TheGodsMustBeCrazy''. The natives shake their heads to say yes, so when one character asks them to back his story that rhinos stomp out fires they look like they're disagreeing with him.
* Happens from time to time in Creator/MarxBrothers' movies, when [[TheVoiceless Harpo]] tries to communicate something to Chico in pantomime. For example, as they try to buy a train ticket in ''Go West'':
-->'''Chico:''' Where's your seventy dollars?
-->'''Harpo:''' ''(shrugs and holds up ten fingers)''
-->'''Chico:''' You only got ten? What did you do with the other sixty?
-->'''Harpo:''' ''(outlines an hourglass figure in the air and whistles suggestively)''
-->'''Chico:''' Ohhhh. You buy a snake, huh?
* In ''Film/TheLosers'', when on top of a tall building, villain nods to his agent, who then throws a businessman down. Villain then "complains" that it wasn't that kind of nod and he just wanted the agent to beat the victim. It's one of the BigBad's [[EvilHasABadSenseOfHumor not so funny jokes.]]
* Gymnasia's life story in ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum''. HighClassCallGirl, occasionally CuteMute, known as ''Gymnasia the Silent''. No one even bothered to make sense of what she tried to say... until Pseudolous started acting as her {{Love Interest|s}} and TranslatorBuddy.
* In ''Film/DownPeriscope'', Creator/KelseyGrammer's character LCDR Dodge is in command of an old diesel submarine pitted in a training exercise against the nuclear Navy. During one engagement, they hide on the bottom of the ocean, while a nuclear submarine is right above them. Trying to get the other sub to leave, he tries to get Sonar to play taped recordings of whale song against the hull. He tries, unsuccessfully, for about a minute with only gestures, which results in another crewmember making completely different gestures, completely confusing Sonar.
** Becomes a CrowningMomentOfFunny when, after Dodge starts over and seemingly gets his point across, Sonar misinterprets the order and ''starts making the whale noises himself''. [[spoiler: And it ''works''.]]
* In ''Film/RushHour2'', [[Creator/JackieChan Lee]] takes [[Creator/ChrisTucker Carter]] to a massage parlor in Hong Kong because Lee wants to have a talk with the [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs Triad]] boss Ricky Tan (also a friend of his late father's [[spoiler:and his murderer]]). When Carter finds out, he takes his "LA cop" image a little too far and tries to strongarm Tan into going with them to the police station, not realizing that nearly every other client in the partlor is a Triad member. When Lee half-winks and nods to the side, he's trying to get Carter to leave before it's too late. Unfortunately, Carter assumes Lee wants him to grab Tan and drag him out of the parlor. Cue dozens of henchmen getting up to defend Tan.
* In ''Film/{{Quick}}'', Chun-shim attempts to signal the police that her helmet has a bomb in it by pointing at her head with both hands. The confused cop mouths back "I heart you, too?".
* Played for drama in ''Film/IngloriousBasterds'', where this trope, combined with CriticalResearchFailure, gets a lot of people killed. A British officer is inside Germany in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, impersonating a German officer. A real German officer gets suspicious and starts to quiz him. The Brit seems to have fended off the German's suspicions--until he orders drinks, signaling the waitress for three drinks by raising the index, middle, and ring fingers of his right hand. The German catches him out, noting that Germans signal "three" by raising their index finger, middle finger, and ''thumb''. Cue a bloody shootout.
* In ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'', the LiteralMinded Drax doesn't understand why he would want to press his finger against Ronan's throat. Peter tries to explain it's a symbol for slitting his throat, but Drax doesn't want to do that either. He wants to behead him.
* In Creator/DavidLynch's version of ''Film/{{Dune}}'' the Fremen leader Liet-Kynes spits on the table in front of Duke Lete Atreides. Duke Leto recognizes the gesture as being friendly (due to how precious ''any'' moisture is on a desert planet) and stops Gurney Halleck from stabbing Liet-Kynes.
* ''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}''. The title character is trying to get Lydia to say his name three times so he can be released from his imprisonment. He's not allowed to say his own name, so he uses a sort of visual image Charades to teach her his name. Trouble starts when he tries to get to say the "juice" part.
-->'''Beetlejuice''': [Shows image of a box of orange juice pouring out the juice]
-->'''Lydia''': Breakfast? Orange? Orange beetle? Beetle fruit? Beetle breakfast? Beetle drink? [She finally gets it] Beetle juice?
* In ''Film/LtRobinCrusoeUSN'', Robin, thinking that his girl Wednesday doesn't speak English, gets her to explain her situation through charades, leading to this. It then turns out she speaks fluent English, but was enjoying their little game.

* The novel ''Literature/GoodOmens'' contains a scene in which two conspirators exchange nonverbal signals and each, knowing something the other doesn't, receives a different message from what the other intended to send. A particularly extreme example, since a single wink manages to screw up [[spoiler:the End of the World]]!
* ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'':
** In the ''Literature/XWingSeries'' this trope is mentioned when it is explained to Dia that charm-signing, a body language/gestures thing, is, like flowers, another way people communicate.
---> '''Dia:''' It's a human custom. A new way to miscommunicate so you can find reason to kill each other.\\
'''Face:''' That's an interesting interpretation...
** In ''[[Literature/HandOfThrawn Specter of the Past]]'', Wedge Antilles, two other Rogues, and Lando Calrissian all meet somewhere in a marketplace, and while the other two Rogues know the local language and customs, at least to some extent, Wedge and Lando do not. Wedge barely makes it past a very pushy melon seller to see Wes.
---> '''Wes''': For a big bad X-wing warrior, you're sure rotten at saying no.\\
'''Wedge''': I didn't buy it, did I? Where were you when I needed you?\\
'''Wes''': Oh, I caught most of the show. I especially liked the part where you gave her that palms-outward sign.\\
'''Wedge''': That doesn't mean 'no' here?\\
'''Wes''': Not quite. It means you don't want it at that price but that she might want to try a better offer.
*** Lando meets up with them after a while, [[BrickJoke with a melon under his arm]].
** ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'' has a scene where Zak is [[PeopleJars floating in a bacta tank]] and can't hear a thing. His sister has discovered something terrible and suspicious about the facility he's in and tries mouthing it, but [[ReadingLips he can't read lips]] and her miming doesn't make much sense, though he ''can'' at least tell something's up. Finally she hits on something, but it takes a bit.
* ''Literature/{{Dune}}'': At one point in the first book, the Duke makes an offer to a Fremen, one of the wild men of the desert. In response, the Fremen spits on the meeting table in front of the Duke. As most of the men in the room rise to defend the Duke's honor, Duncan Idaho, a ducal advisor who has been living among the Fremen to learn the Fremen's ways--stops them and thanks the ambassador for the gift of his body's moisture, then quietly informs the Duke that Fremen value water very highly, and he had basically just given the Duke a compliment. Also counts as a CrossCulturalKerfuffle.
* Averted in ''On Wings of Eagles'' (set during the Ayatollah revolution in Iran) when an American reminds his companion not to flag a lift with a raised thumb, as it's an obscene gesture in Iran.
* ''Literature/BoredOfTheRings''. When the "tall, dark Ranger" tries to use HandSignals to tell Frito to meet him in the men's room in five minutes, several onlookers think he's trying to play a game of Charades and start calling out "Famous saying?" and "Sounds like!"
* A medieval European folktale has a man everyone believes to be a scholar through bizarre circumstaces. He tries to keep up the pretense, but on learning that other scholars are coming to interrogate him, he fakes a bad cough and receives them in his bed. One scholar starts his dissertation by lifting one finger, the man shows him three. The scholar is amazed that the man pointed out that while yes, there is one God, he is the Holy Trinity as well. Whereas the man thought the scholar was going to poke his eye out, so he countered by threatening to remove both his eyes and his nose.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* "The Unicorn and the Wasp", an episode of ''Series/DoctorWho'', has a similar situation of Charades under pressure. [[spoiler:As the Doctor tries to flush cyanide out of his system, he has to silently ask for a list of seemingly random things to help detoxify himself. Donna has a great deal of trouble with this, interpreting "salt" (represented with a shaking fist, i.e. sprinkling salt on food) as a cocktail shaker ("What do you want, a Harvey Wallbanger?") and "a shock" as a song (for which she suggests "Camptown Races?")]]
--> [[spoiler:"How is 'Harvey Wallbanger' one word!?"]]
* Parodied in a sketch on ''Series/TheState'' where a choking restaurant customer putting his hands to his neck -- the international signal for "I'm choking" -- sets in motion a train of weird nonverbal gesticulations by his fellow diner, their waiter, the maitre d', and the busboy, while a {{Narrator}} explains the various misunderstandings caused by their failure to recognize each other's signals. The sketch ends with the choking victim recovering after having a year's supply of radishes dumped on him, and the audience realizing that the whole mess could have been averted if anyone had thought to ''speak''. Other than the guy who was choking, of course.
* An entire episode of ''Series/{{Seinfeld}}'' is built around this trope: George, with a piece of pulp in his eye, gets one of his co-workers fired and accidentally sells George Steinbrenner's birthday card to a sports memorabilia shop by way of some badly-timed winks.
* On ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' Carla tries to use pantomime to remind Turk of a deceased patient's name as he fumbles to recall it in front of the patient's grieving family. Her strange head gestures lead Turk to confess, "We used to call him Ol' Turkey Neck." Bob's family weren't thrilled by this response.
* A non-comedy example: In ''Series/BabylonFive'', the Earth-Minbari war started when a human commander misunderstood a Minbari gesture of respect as a signal that they were about to attack. Namely, they opened their ship's gunports while approaching, and as a bonus used scanners powerful enough to fry electrical systems on the human ships. The gesture of respect was the space equivalent of an open hand: gunports would be open but weapons would remain unpowered. Unfortunately, with their sensors overwhelmed by the Minbari scans, the humans couldn't tell that the weapons weren't powered, only seeing open gunports. The GenreSavvy Minbari leader Dukhat realized the potential misunderstanding but too late. He was killed in the opening volley, and the simple majority (i.e. by one vote) of the Grey Council voted to destroy humanity.
* In ''Series/{{Angel}}'', Spike is a ghost, and is mindlessly wandering around Wolfram and Hart in silence. Fred mistakes his movement through a desk and then a wall for a sign, and by luck there really is an important plot item in the desk.
* An episode of ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' involved demons who stole everyone's ability to speak, forcing the heroes to communicate with each other through pantomime. While brainstorming on how they might slay the demons, Buffy shrugs and nonchalantly pumps her hand up and down in the air in front of her, drawing looks of startled disbelief from her friends. Embarrassed at their reactions, she pulls a wooden stake out of her bag and repeats the motion. Everyone gets it. Later, Buffy tries to signal to Riley that he needs to smash the box on a table that's holding all the voices inside it. Riley thinks she means the crystal next to it and hits that, then grins like a dope at her before an exasperated Buffy makes more specific gestures.
* In an episode of ''Series/MadAboutYou'', the two main characters are told by a counselor to only communicate non-verbally for a set period of time. HilarityEnsues.
* ''The'' classic example being the scene in ''Series/FawltyTowers'' where Basil is attempting to tell Polly the name of a racehorse behind Sybil's back, for [[FawltyTowersPlot complicated reasons]]. Its name was [[spoiler:Dragonfly]].
* ''Series/HowIMetYourMother'': Averted with Lily and Marshall, who have perfect "couple telepathy". Played straight with Ted and his fiance Stella, after Stella's sister informs them that her fiance ran off and she can't get a refund. Ted thinks their conversation is about paying for lunch. Stella thinks it's about taking the wedding. It's also ForeShadowing; Ted and Stella later break up.
** It's also played straight with Ted and Barney during a "conversation" about whether to close the bar they're watching. Ted seems to think they've come to an agreement and will close the bar, but then Barney announces "Good news, everyone! We're keeping the bar open all night!"
** Another episode included Robin desperately trying to communicate to Lily that she should not open the gift Robin brought to the Bachelorette party in front of all her family. Lily SEEMS to have completely understood the telepathic message and leans over to whisper something to her mother, who then discreetly passes Robin a tampon. Lily then looks over with a very self-pleased "you're welcome".
* Series/{{Bones}} is given a signal to try and perk up an unconfident intern who had missed a small but important piece of evidence.
--> '''Director:''' Anyone could've missed that! I certainly couldn't have seen it! ''[nods at Bones to say something encouraging]''
--> '''Bones:''' Yes, I can't believe you missed it either.
--> '''Director:''' [[LampshadeHanging You were supposed to be encouraging!]]
--> '''Bones:''' [[TheSpock You know I can't read body language that well!]]
* Used in ''[[Series/ThirtyRock 30 Rock]]'' Liz Lemon tries to hide the fact that Tracy went to a strip club by telling his wife that he took his pet snake to the vet. When Tracy returns and his wife asks where he was (because "I'm back from doing whatever Liz Lemon said!" wasn't sufficient enough), Liz ALMOST saves the day.
-->'''Liz Lemon''': ''(makes snake motion with hand and wiggles tongue)''
-->'''Tracy''': My cobra, Ramsey...
-->'''Liz''': ''(mimes getting sick)''
-->'''Tracy''': Yeah, it got sick, so I took it to the vet.
-->'''Liz''': ''(gives him a thumbs up and nods)''
-->'''Tracy''': And then my thumb got caught in my butt so I nodded my head until it came out.
* In ''{{Series/Extras}}'', a journalist is interviewing Maggie under the pretense that she is Andy's assistant. Andy sits behind the journalist and tries to mime answers to her that will make him look good. Maggie constantly misunderstands his mimes, giving bizarre and unflattering answers.
* In ''Series/{{Chuck}}'', Devon needs to lie to his wife about where he was when he was doing spy work with Chuck, who is trying in vain to guide the story using hand gestures. [[SarcasmMode Astonishingly]], she doesn't buy it.
-->'''Ellie:''' ''(sarcastically)'' Oh, my God! You were attacked by a ''bear''?!
-->''(Chuck makes the "cut" motion on his neck)''
-->'''Devon:''' Yeah, and I j... I... cut off its head!
-->''(Chuck {{facepalm}}s)''
-->'''Devon:''' Yeah, babe, I... I had to decapitate the bear. In self-defense! In order to survive! I'm just glad you weren't there to see it. [[{{Pun}} It was really grisly.]]
* ''Series/TheMiddle'': When Sue is at the meeting listing all the activities she tried (and failed) at in a speech, Frankie gives her a 'hurry up' gesture from the audience. Sue sees this and concludes "Oh, yes, and tumbling."
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Psych}}'', Shawn and Gus see a Bounty Hunter wink at them, and practically grow to HeroWorship him. It isn't until in their adult life, they find out said Bounty Hunter's wink was merely a facial tic.
* On ''Series/{{Friends}}'', Chandler is on the phone with a girl and Joey starts a really strange pantomime that he assumes is related to something Joey wants him to say to the girl. After he hangs up, he asks Joey what the hell he was signaling and Joey just explains he wanted to know if Chandler wanted to [[BigEater order a pizza]].
* ''Series/{{Danger 5}}'', a spoof of 1960's TV spy series. Claire is being [[BatheHerAndBringHerToMe led away by enemy soldiers]].
-->'''Claire:''' [winking] [subtitle: Stay on mission. We can handle ourselves.]
-->'''Tucker:''' [winking back] [subtitle: What?]
* In the ''Series/ModernFamily'' episode "Snip", Mitch has conspired with his and Cam's friend Longinus to have a conversation while at the latter's clothing boutique that will lead to Cam taking a job there, since Mitch wants him to but knows better than to suggest directly. It almost works, but as Cam is within earshot in the changing room trying on a shirt, another employee blabs about the whole scheme, completely oblivious to Longinus and Mitch's hand signals to shut up, and Cam storms out in a huff.
* ''Series/RedDwarf'': In "Dear Dave", Cat attempts to convey his news to the rest of the crew through charades (because he is bored). His attempt to mime 'the mail-pod has arrived and crashed into my clothes' is construed by the others as everything from 'we're about to fly into a black hole' to 'we're being attacked by zombies'.
* ''Series/HorribleHistories'': In a segment on the sign language of Saxon monks, a monk's attempt to tell his brothers that the Vikings are attacking is first interpreted as "the gorillas are making clay pots" and then "the gorillas are ringing the bells".
* ''Series/TheSlammer'': When the Governor loses his memory, Gimbert attempts to mime the name of the next act to him from offstage. The first attempt to convey the name of acrobat Alina Eskina is interpreted by the Governor as "a lean, mean laughing monkey".
* Neatly subverted in [[http://thedailyshow.cc.com/videos/sbnihg/drugs-are-cool this]] ''[[Series/TheDailyShow Daily Show]]'' skit. Stephen Colbert proposes a reverse psychology advert campaign: Drugs are cool, kids! Jon Stewart asks if these ads will work better than the traditional ones.
-->'''Colbert''': Oh no, Jon. They won't be effective at all. ''(Wink)''\\
'''Stewart''': All right. So they won't be... they won't be effective at all?\\
'''Colbert''': Not at all, Jon! ''(Wink)''\\
'''Stewart''': ...Are you coming on to me in a sexual way?\\
'''Colbert''': Not at all, Jon! ''(Wink)''
* ''Series/{{Cheers}}'':
** In the very first episode, Diane picks up the phone when the caller is trying to reach Sam, who doesn't want the call, so first he makes his fingers walk to indicate "Tell her I left" which Diane understands, but when looking for an excuse, he makes scissors with his fingers and makes hair-cutting motions. Diane's interpretation: "He had to go to mime class!"
** In another episode, Coach is supposed to signal a corrupt card player that his opponent has a poor hand by scratching his cheek. Unfortunately, his cheek starts to itch...
** In yet another episode, Diane shows off her mime skills, while Cliff gives a running commentary of what he thinks she's doing.
* ''Series/TheWorstYearOfMyLifeAgain'': In "Maths Test", Simon attempts to mime to Alex that Mr Norris had announced that the art teacher was sick. Alex somehow interprets this as they are going to have a maths test.
* In the miniseries ''Series/{{Dune}}'', the Fremen leader Stilgar spits on the table in front of Duke Lete Atreides (which in the Fremen culture is a gesture of respect). Paul is the one who steps in (this showing he knows the ways of the desert) to prevent Stilgar from being attacked.
* ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus''. One sketch had a courtroom where the participants communicated using Charades, resulting in a judge misinterpreting a jury's decision as "Not guilcup".
* Played for laughs, of course, on ''Series/PoliceSquad''. In one episode, criminals leave a message for the police. But instead of tying a note to a brick and hurling it through the window, they tie a ''mime'' to a brick and hurl him through the window. The mime then proceeds to act out the criminals' demands, which the detectives must interpret. [[TheFool Frank Drebin]], as you'd guess, is terrible at charades.
* ''Series/NightCourt''. A friend of Mac's cannot communicate that he is choking on a hot dog and is forced to write a plea for help on the table in ketchup. "'Mac, I'm cooking'?"

[[folder:Oral Tradition]]
* The classic old joke in which the Pope and a representative of the Jewish community debate each other in mime. ([[http://www.scripting.com/98/04/stories/moisheAndThePope.html link]])
* There's an old linguist joke about a linguist who is trying to learn a culture's language. Everything they point at has the same word in that language. At first the linguist thinks they have discovered a language consisting of a single word... Until they learn that the word they've been hearing is the culture's word for "finger".

* In ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', Pseudolus pretends to be a soothsayer telling an old man's fortune, while Hysterium gestures frantically behind the old man's back.
-->"You have been ..." (''waving'') "away ..." (''holds up all fingers twice, points to ears'') "ten, twenty, ears ... twenty years!" (''looking around'') "You are ... searching ..." (''rocking baby in arms, holding up two fingers'') "for a child ... '''two''' children!" (''flexes muscles'') "A fine big boy ..." (''bats eyelashes, swivels hips'') "...and a strange little boy?"

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Quite prominent in ''VideoGame/CrossChannel''. An example would be eye contact communication meaning "Please for the love of God get me out of this situation" (an awkward second meeting with Kiri) being mistaken for "Could you give us some privacy?"
* Kotaro from ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'' never speaks and keeps his face hidden, so when he invades the Tokugawa camp in ''3'' and starts beating everyone to a pulp, it's understandable that Ieyasu thought he was an enemy. As it turns out, he just wanted to deliver a message.
* ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'' has a wonderful example from Mordin Solus. If you pursue a romantic relationship with a crew member he'll offer advice, which is quite helpful in the cross-racial routes. If you don't pursue a relationship, he turns ''you'' down. Apparently you ''blinked'' at him in a suggestive manner.
* In ''VideoGame/JakIIRenegade'' Onin is a wise old soothsayer who gives Jak and Daxter advice many times during their quest. She's mute, and so normally communicates through hand motions which are translated by Pecker, her [[MixAndMatchCritters Moncaw]] companion. When Daxter tries to do this himself, he fails miserably.

* In ''Webcomic/BobAndGeorge'', Nate [[http://www.bobandgeorge.com/archives/011029 tries to inform]] Mega Man and Bass about Mynd's evil plans, but they think he's reminding them about the upcoming Halloween strip. However, Protoman gets it.
* Bad case for R2 in [[http://www.darthsanddroids.net/episodes/0171.html this]] ''Webcomic/DarthsAndDroids'' strip, because Anakin can't understand R2's beep, first he thinks R2 talks about [[TimmyInAWell Timmy In A Gravity Well]], then the worse came:
-->'''Anakin:''' You want me to eject you into space?
-->'''[SFX]:''' < boop! > < boop! > < boop! >
-->'''Anakin:''' So that's a yes?
** Note this is also [[HeroicComedicSociopath Annie]] being a JerkAss.
*** She's getting good at that
* In ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'' [[http://www.gunnerkrigg.com/archive_page.php?comicID=507 here]], you can tell Annie is just feeling intimidated, but Reynard, whose most anthropomorphic form is a teddy bear, mistakes it for something else entirely.
* This ''Webcomic/KarateBears'' guy probably won't [[http://www.karatebears.com/2011/12/attack-stance.html get any of these girls to go out with him.]] No matter what he actually says.
* Discussed by Claudia in ''Webcomic/{{Kaspall}}'' [[http://kaspall.com/comic/2009/09/27.html on page 238]], with some AltText lampshading.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Website/NotAlwaysWorking'' provides us [[http://notalwaysworking.com/so-easy-a-caveman-can-work-here/24487 this]] fine example of workplace communication. At least they figured out ''some'' of it.
* Mime from ''WebAnimation/HappyTreeFriends'' is not incapable of speech, but he chooses not to out of showmanship. This includes when calling 911 in "Who's To Flame?", with predictable results.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Drives the plot of a NoDialogueEpisode of ''WesternAnimation/CatDog'' that [[SomethingCompletelyDifferent parodied old, black-and-white silent works]].
* On one episode of ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'', Eddy is rendered speechless after swallowing a fly, and is given a bell to communicate with. Rolf claims to understand what the bell rings mean, but the things he does for (or rather, to) Eddy are clearly not what Eddy wants.
-->'''Rolf:''' The Unicycle of Doom is a very brave request for a coward.
* Happens in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/StormHawks'' when Aerrow is attempting to interpret Radarr's mime:
-->'''Aerrow:''' You were... Boxing? Dancing? Shucking corn?
* In ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', the news had a Mime Weatherman. When he tried to communicate rain, Tom thought he was stating that "peoples' parents will throw fecal matter down on them from the rooftops." Until an angry glare from said mime set Tom straight.
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePenguinsOfMadagascar'': In "Antics On Ice" Skipper and Rico leave their seats during an ice-skating show in order to deal with a security guard backstage; when Private questions their disappearance Kowalski tells him that they went to get popcorn. When the two return a few minutes later Kowalski tries to convey the original excuse to Skipper:
-->'''Skipper:''' Well we were, uh, buh...
--> '''Kowalski:''' ''(makes sweeping gesture towards his beak)''
-->'''Skipper:''' We were, uh, er, punching ourselves...?
--> '''Kowalski:''' ''(shakes head, brings his flipper up to his beak and imitates eating)''
--> '''Skipper:''' Eating our flippers?
--> '''Kowalski:''' ''(facepalms)''
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLifeAsATeenageRobot'': Jenny has lost the language disc that allows her to speak English, so she tries to convey the message to Dr. Wakeman with a game of charades. Wakeman manages to understand "I cannot...", but jumps to the wrong conclusions when Jenny is trying to make out "speak".
* MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic: In a case of both this and ShownTheirWork, this is why the ponies are afraid of Zecora when she first goes to Ponyville. She digs her hoof into the ground, which is something that zebras do in real life to search for water. Unfortunately for her, for horses, this is a threat gesture. When Twilight goes to meet her, the other ponies warn her that Zecora is "scary and threatening". She WAS, it was just due to a misunderstanding rather than malicious intent.
* Before the end of an episode of ''WesternAnimation/KaBlam'' the director makes a stretching motion with his hands. June asks if that means he wants her to make taffy.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Homer at the Bat", Homer is playing baseball on the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant team, and Mr Burns is the manager. Unfortunately, Homer zones out while Mr Burns is explaining what the signals are, and later, when Homer is up to bat, Mr Burns starts doing a series of strange actions. Homer has no idea what he's trying to say, and gets hit in the head with the ball and knocked out as a result.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* This can happen pretty often when dealing with those with NLD and/or Asperger's Syndrome. Visually impaired people also have this to a lesser or greater extent, sometimes virtually incapable of picking up non-verbal cues.
* Nonverbal communication in general is something of a craps shoot. That little nod that carried a simple message in your mind could be completely incomprehensible to someone else. Even simple things like Eye Contact and looking away can mean different things to different people and flat out confuse whoever you're contacting. Moral: talk it out!
* The meaning of gestures also differs from country to country and culture to culture, which can cause some problem, when you travel abroad.
** Study abroad offices at American colleges warn students that smiling at, and making eye contact with, total strangers, while generally considered polite in the US, can send the wrong sort of message in foreign countries.
** Don't give someone a "thumbs up" gesture in a Middle Eastern country, as it basically means "up yours!"
** In Bulgaria, a nod means "no".
** In Greece, holding out a hand, palm forward, in someone's direction, doesn't mean "stop." It means, roughly, "eat shit."
** In the UK, the peace sign reversed (knuckles out) is their version of FlippingTheBird.
* This trope is the reason behind a lot of what people consider baffling behavior on the part of cats. For one example, cats generally avoid eye contact unless they're trying to be assertive/threatening. They get unnerved when unfamiliar people look directly at them. This is why cats have a reputation for sitting on the laps of people who dislike them: those people are the ones not staring at the cat! Note: cats actually communicate via winking their eyes. It's dogs who interpret direct eye contact as a threat. This is also why cats and dogs often do not get along, since many signals for one animal mean the opposite in the other. For instance, a dog waving its tail is happy, while a cat doing the same is showing aggression or fear. Similarly cats "bow" to say hello; dogs do it to signal playtime. So the dog sees the cat bow and assumes it's time to play, whereupon the cat's startled because all it was trying to do was offer a greeting.
** Interestingly, this is a similar case to the problem with different cultures: Animals who share the same environment need to understand each other, even if they aren't of the same species. Dogs and cats can't understand each other -- but not because they are not related, but because their ancestors lived so far apart. Desert foxes and Egyptian wild cats can understand each other, while wolves share part of their body language with lynxes and brown bears. Also, when cats and dogs live together long enough, they start understanding each other.