A real-world atypical neurological condition, most often autism or schizophrenia, is presented as the result of or the presence of something supernatural. Bonus points if it doesn't occur naturally at all in the fictional universe.

Strange conditions spark the imaginations of writers, leading them to imagine otherworldly forces behind them. Just as MostWritersAreMale, so are most writers neurotypical. Though non-NT writers are by no means unknown and they might use this trope as well for various reasons.

In some uses of this trope, ''all'' cases of a particular neurological or psychiatric condition are the result of supernatural circumstances, and you can't have one without the other. Other times, a given condition ''can'' be caused by something supernatural, but the same condition can also develop without the involvement of the paranormal. For example, in ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'', being a demigod isn't the ''only'' cause of dyslexia and/or ADHD.

This trope can potentially overlap with GoMadFromTheRevelation, if a character ceases to be neurotypical as the result of tangling with the supernatural or learning ThingsManWasNotMeantToKnow. However, most of the time their condition is played as a side effect of an ongoing supernatural connection instead.

Can overlap with TheSoulless in regard to [[TheSociopath sociopathy]]. See also MadOracle and ByTheEyesOfTheBlind. If the character gets something useful out of their supernatural connection, it's also a case of DisabilitySuperpower. If the application of this "something useful" changes people's lives for the better in a dramatic fashion, it also makes the characters InspirationallyDisadvantaged. If applied badly, this Trope can create UnfortunateImplications and a BrokenAesop (if insane people are supernaturally awesome and people trying to help them through therapy or medicine are all allies of whichever evil is roaming around, then doesn't that means that therapy and/or medication are evil ([[NoMedicationForMe and better off not taken]])? Or if the reason for your depression is literally the ghost of your loved one having UnfinishedBusiness and not plain grief, then why bother spending time and money getting counsel, anyway?).



[[folder: Film]]
* In ''Film/TheOmen2006'' remake, Damien shows signs of having [[AmbiguousDisorder some sort of developmental disorder]], and it's bizarre how his modern, 2006 mother automatically subscribes to this trope instead of having him tested. The fact she's right doesn't lessen the unrealistic oddness of her reactions.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* In ''Literature/DexterInTheDark'', all sociopaths are possessed by beings implied to be the children of {{Satan}}.
* In ''Literature/HarryPotter'', the Dementors are evil creatures connected with depression, and it's implied that they cause it in Muggles, who don't see magical things and attribute it to scientific causes.
* In the ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians'' series, demigodhood correlates strongly with dyslexia and ADHD (though they can both occur in mortals). The latter is due to being wired for adventure and battle rather than schoolwork and officework, and the former is due to demigod brains being wired for ancient Greek.
* In ''[[Literature/YoungWizards A Wizard Alone]]'' by Diane Duane, Darryl becomes autistic [[spoiler:in an attempt to withdraw from the sensations of being malignantly observed by the [[BigBad Lone Power]]]]. It's portrayed very differently from the experiences of real-world autistics, though it looks similar from the outside. [[spoiler:In which case it's subverted in that it's not really autism, just resembles it from the outside.]]
* In ''{{Literature/Wicked}}'', it's implied that a lot of Elphaba's [[AmbiguousDisorder oddities]] are a result of her being a [[spoiler: "child of both worlds", which also comes with immense natural magical talent.]]
* In ''Literature/{{Everworld}},'' [[VillainProtagonist Senna]] believes that crazy people are at least partially aware of supernatural things, much like [[WitchSpecies witches like her]]. They can also hear her when she's using AstralProjection, while talking to normal people requires the more taxing effort of creating an illusionary form.
* While it's nigh-impossible to be sure of ''anything'' in a Creator/PhilipKDick story, some of them imply an extraterrestrial or sci-fi origin for schizophrenia and psychosis. Although he has NWordPrivileges here - he had a full-blown schizophrenic breakdown in the late 70s, and the warning signs were there starting from about the time ''Literature/TimeOutOfJoint'' came out.
* In Creator/GillianAnderson's ''A Vision of Fire'', Arni's synesthesia is presented as a link between human and animal brains, giving him the MysteriousAnimalSenses necessary to access the transpersonal plane.
* In Peter Watt's ''Literature/{{Blindsight}}'' autistics and psychopaths are descended from vampires. Which were a HumanSubspecies that had a deficiency in a protein found only in humans and evolved several traits to prey on them. Such as a complete LackOfEmpathy and super-savant mathematical abilities. However, their hyper-savantism caused them to develop seizures when they saw right-angles, and they died out millennia ago. Until a biotech company experimented with gene therapy "cures" for autism and psychopathy and accidentally turned them into vampires.
* Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's short story "Green Tea" from the anthology ''In a Glass Darkly'' depicts clinical depression as harassment from an evil monkey spirit. People who don't have their third eyes open to be capable of perceiving spirits just see it as a medical condition.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' and ''Series/{{Angel}}'':
** Both shows generally portray soullessness as being sociopathy to the extent that an early ''Angel'' episode implies normal human sociopaths are people born without souls.
** In ''Buffy'', season 5 BigBad Glory feeds off people's sanity and makes them insane. The terms are kept vague, but the results resemble schizophrenia.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** There appears to be a link between Vincent van Gogh's madness/depression, and his ability to see invisible aliens. Which one causes which is somewhat unclear, though.
** "In the Forest of the Night" features the cute-as-a-button little girl Maebh, who can hear voices that turn out to be some kind of sci-fi fairies.
* ''Series/EliStone'':
** The whole premise of the show is that Eli's brain tumor means that he's a prophet and that his hallucinations are visions sent from God to instruct him.
** In the first episode, the strange actions of an autistic child are a way God communicates with Eli. It's not one of Eli's hallucinations; God is behind the unfathomable actions of an autistic child, linking autism with the supernatural and treating the child as more a part of nature than a human being with agency.
* In ''Series/{{Eureka}}'', Kevin's autism is the result of a mysterious supernatural force never quite explained. [[spoiler:Kevin is eventually able to cure his autism by figuring out how to time travel and changing events so that the force never affects him.]]
* ''{{Series/Heroes}}'' presents synesthesia as a superpower. Though the power is later shown to be more of an ability to manipulate sound, its introduction has it as simply sound-to-color synesthesia.
* The sixth season of ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' had Sam missing his soul, which was treated as sociopathy. Dean's reference to ''{{Series/Dexter}}'' in describing him implies there are natural sociopaths, though.
* In ''Series/TheXFiles'':
** In the episode "Fallen Angel", it's implied that aliens are responsible for Max's epilepsy.
** In "E.B.E.", Mulder suggests that Gulf War syndrome is the result of alien encounters.
* In ''{{Series/Touch}}'', Martin's son Jake appears autistic (though the doctors never could diagnose his disorder). He also has the ability to see complex connections between different people in the world and tell his father how to use those connections to help people.
* All ''Series/{{Alphas}}'' have some kind of [[DisabilitySuperpower mental or physical disability]] to accompany their abilities. Gary for instance is autistic and able to sense and translate radio waves, he's also immune to Nina's CompellingVoice because his brain is too "rigid".
** One episode gets pretty explicit about it, with a manifesto video by the Alpha terrorist group Red Flag talking about "the recognition of true neurodiversity."
* An episode of ''Series/{{Sanctuary}}'' plays with and subverts this when it features an autistic boy with a supernatural power and at the end brings in his neurotypical brother with the same power, showing that the power is unconnected to his autism.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'' has Jojen Reed, a teenager who can see the future, but has bouts of what can be clearly identified as Epilepsy to a modern audience. According to his sister, his epilepsy is a direct effect of his powers.
** In the sixth season, it's revealed that [[spoiler:Hodor used to be entirely functional, but his mind was destroyed when Bran warged him in the past.]]
* Creator/StephenKing committed this trope in his screenplay for the miniseries ''Series/RoseRed''. Annie Wheaton is an autistic with extreme telekinetic powers, and her ArtInitiatesLife -- when she does pictures of rocks falling on a neighbor's home, they do. [[note]]King also used rocks falling on a house in ''Carrie'', inspired by an incident in Creator/ShirleyJackson's ''Literature/TheHauntingOfHillHouse''. ''Rose Red'' was originally supposed to be a modern takeoff on Jackson's work, and King thought it failed primarily because it was a collaboration with Creator/StephenSpielberg and his insistence on more unsubtle action sequences.[[/note]] Many of the supposed ghostly activities in the house are actually Annie's doing. They also find out that she's telepathic and communicates perfectly well that way.
* In the first episode of ''Series/TheExorcist'', it's left ambiguous whether Henry Rance's declining mental health is the result of early-onset Alzheimer's or the demonic presence in his house.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* ''[[{{TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse}} Werewolf: The Apocalypse]]'': If a human child fails to become a wereraven (because their magical spirit egg was stolen before their first transformation) they tend to become autistic suddenly (despite autism spectrum disorders being congenital in real life).
* ''TabletopGame/{{KULT}}'': Schizophrenia is actually the ability to see behind the veil covering mundane reality. Mental illness in general is one of two roads to supernatural mojo (sainthood is the other one, but power-wise they're mutually exclusive).
* ''Mutant City Blues'': Mutants with force field powers have a significant chance of developing adult-onset autism.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* In ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'', Hawke and company come across a man who swears he [[HearingVoices hears demons telling him to harm people]], but the Chantry and your own resident mages agree that he's not possessed. While Hawke is certain he's just making the voices up as an excuse, the savvy player will realize he's likely suffering schizophrenia instead, and in a world where demonic possession is a very common occurrence, no one believes there are any other sources for voices that simply aren't there.
* Many of the symptoms of [[DemonicPossession Possession]] in ''VideoGame/CrusaderKings'' and its sequel resemble those of certain real-world mental illnesses like schizophrenia, meaning that it's possible many of these instances are simply [[MaybeMagicMaybeMundane dysfunctional people in a world that views them through a supernatural lens]].


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* ''Webcomic/LastRes0rt'' has a place on the soul spectrum for Light Children, who are born with just a little more / less soul than the average person (Sterlings). It's not that this causes things like Autism or Schizophrenia -- rather, they happen because the Light Child hasn't been trained properly (compared to the Celeste) to deal with their new powers and sensory abilities. It's implied that with proper training, these individuals can leap right into DisabilitySuperpower territory.
** One of the pages is even titled "[[http://www.lastres0rt.com/2007/11/among-the-blind-the-one-eyed-man-is-insane/ Among the Blind, the One-Eyed Man is Insane]]".
* Murray, the werewolf main character of ''Webcomic/BloodyUrban',' suffers from sensory processing disorder as a result of having hyper-acute senses and an inability to filter out sounds and smells beyond normal human perception.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* In ''WesternAnimation/GodTheDevilAndBob'' crazy people can see {{God}}, just like [[PalsWithJesus Bob]] and [[ChildrenAreInnocent innocent]] [[InvisibleToAdults children]].
* In the ''WesternAnimation/RubyGloom'' universe, until a ghost gets its first scare it is invisible to everyone except "cats, psychics and that nutty guy on the street corner."


[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Some people involved with the New Age belief system believe Autistic children, as well as children with ADHD and other neurodivergences, are [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigo_children indigo children]], children with indigo auras sent to heal the world.
* For much of history, before the advent of modern psychology, many cultures believed that DemonicPossession caused epilepsy and other mental disorders. Though notably, Catholic exorcists didn't believe this and still don't. They ''always'' sent you to a doctor first. If the doctor was stumped, or their diagnosis appeared to be wrong or their treatment didn't seem to be working, then they ''might'' consider exorcism.
* In the ancient world, epilepsy was sometimes seen as being a sign of greatness of one touched by the gods. Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar were both considered such. The seizures were sometimes linked with divine prophecies.
* Among the Hmong people epileptics are believed to act as an intermediary between the spirit and material world and so they are often made into shamans. The book "[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Spirit_Catches_You_and_You_Fall_Down The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down]]" chronicles how one Hmong family in California ran into issues with the medical establishment when they attempted to treat their daughter.
* Many psychologists and doctors have noted that historical portrayals of TheFairFolk, and especially [[ChangelingTale part-fairy changelings]], have traits that sound like autism or Asperger's Syndrome.