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[[quoteright:250:[[VideoGame/StreetFighterIII http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/dudley_sized_2970.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:250:"Keep it classy!"]]

->'''Fezzik:''' We face each other as God intended. Sportsmanlike. No tricks, no weapons, skill against skill alone.\\
'''Man in Black:''' You mean, you'll put down your rock and I'll put down my sword, and we'll try and kill each other like civilized people?
-->-- ''Film/ThePrincessBride''

So, let's look at what the situation has turned into: TheHero stands across the battlefield from the opponent, be it in the form of a BigBad, ArchEnemy, [[TheLancer Lancer]], EvilCounterpart, a GentlemanThief, [[TheRival Rival]] (with or without a [[FaceHeelTurn heel turn]]), you name it. It is abundantly clear from the story arc building up to this climactic battle that neither side will rest until the other is face down in a puddle of their own humiliation. Chances are they will pull out all the stops, ''and'' resort to [[TryingToCatchMeFightingDirty some of the dirtiest and underhanded tactics conceivable]], right?


See, both parties understand that there are certain rules, unwritten or otherwise, that dictate how a battle can be waged, and they plan to see that they are upheld. Sure, this is an intense rivalry that must be settled once and for all. Possibly the fate of the world hangs in the balance, but there's no reason why we can't be civil about it! We're not barbarians (and said barbarians who circumvent the rules get beaten/dressed down by both the hero and his opponent; literal barbarians often follow this trope themselves)! Ultimately, it could be because the villain wants to maintain an air of dignity even in defeat, or maybe he just wants to show TheHero that he can beat him at his own game. It could also be that the two parties simply want to see it done right, so that there can be no squabbling about what could have been (even the playing field and settle this once and for all).

Formally staged battles, like CombatByChampion, DuelToTheDeath, or GladiatorGames, may require it; you may lose if you cheat. ThrowingDownTheGauntlet is usually a requirement with this Trope, but ''not'' always vice-versa.

There is some overlap with TheOnlyOneAllowedToDefeatYou. A villain who sees TheHero as a WorthyOpponent might invoke this Trope as well. One of the standard codes by which {{Cultured Badass}}es operate. Contrast with the CombatPragmatist, who only fights by the rules when it's to his benefit to do so. Has overlap with CombatAestheticist.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Most [[ProfessionalKiller professional assassins]] wish to usurp the ''Manga/CityHunter'' at the top of the assassin food chain. So when such professional assassins do run into him, there is an agreement on how the fight will start, and an agreement on how the fight will end, either by death for the loser, or the loser permanently leaving town and having his/her reputation permanently stained (which apparently is [[FateWorseThanDeath far worse]] in the assassin world).
* ''Manga/DragonBall'':
** One-sided example: in Goku's fight with Piccolo Jr., Goku takes pains to avoid touching the ground outside the ring of the Tenkaichi Budokai and refuses to let his friends help him, so that [[HonorBeforeReason he can be declared the winner after the fight is over]]. Piccolo, of course, couldn't care less about the tournament rules and just wants Goku dead.
** ''Anime/DragonBallZ'': The entire point of the Cell Games is this; Cell intends to destroy the world unless he can be beaten in a tournament, fair and square. He gives Goku and the Z-Fighters ten days to prepare, and even sets boundaries, just like in the Tenkaichi Budokai, such as the possibility of losing by ring-out. Ultimately subverted; Cell chooses to destroy the ring after a while because he doesn't want his fight with [[WorthyOpponent Goku]] to be ended by something so trivial, and discards the rules altogether [[SoreLoser the very minute he realizes he's losing]].
** In ''Anime/DragonBallSuper'', when Goku Black and Future Zamasu gang up on him, Goku complains that fights are supposed to be one on one, but they don't care and keep attacking him. In the Tournament of Power, which is a battle royale type fight, Gohan says their team has to work together to overwhelm their opponents, but Goku again says that he wants fights to be one on one.
* ''Anime/GirlsUndPanzer'': This is the defining trait of Kay from the Sanders team. She believes that Tankery is a sport, not a war, and as such everyone should play fair. Her personal creed states "Your tank will cry if you are a bad person!"
** Darjeeling of St. Gloriana Women's Academy also believes highly in fair play, and promises not to use any underhand tactics in her battle with Ōarai.
* ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'':
** In ''Anime/MobileFighterGGundam'', the rules specifically state that all fights should be one-on-one. In the third episode, Domon stops a match between France and Cuba's fighters from starting; when the French fighter chews him out for breaking the rules, [[LoopholeAbuse Domon calmly takes out the Cuban fighter with a single attack and then remarks that the fight hadn't formally started so it wasn't a violation.]]
*** Done a bit more fairly a few episodes later. Sai Saici is pursued by a BackFromTheDead fighter who [[AccidentalMurder was accidentally killed]] while fighting his grandfather. He and Domon figure out that the dead fighter just wants to see his original battle through to the end, and Sai obilges while Domon looks on. After Sai wins, the [[HealingFactor DG Cells]] bring him back as a mindless monster, at which point Domon steps in, saying that since the fight was over and the dead fighter had been laid to rest, it was no longer a tournament fight (and since it relates to the Devil Gundam, it's officially his business).
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing''
*** Wufei first fights Treize in a SwordFight, although he could've just as easily used his Gundam to destroy Treize's ship. Treize easily beats him, then allows him to leave. Wufei suffers a HeroicBSOD for a couple of episodes after this.
*** A few episodes later, Zechs fakes destroying the Wing Gundam, rebuilds it in secret, AND tracks Heero down (protecting him from OZ hit squads at the same time), all for a fair fight. Even moreso, he has his mechanics undo the repairs to his HumongousMecha's left arm precisely because it was damaged in the fight that OZ interrupted and he wanted to re-create the exact circumstances of that fight. Heero partially subverts this trope by refusing to use the rebuilt Wing, insisting that Zechs' charity would cloud his feelings and make him hold back, defeating the purpose of a "fair fight"
** ''Anime/GundamBuildFightersTry'': When [[TheAce Wilfred Kijima]] first fights [[TheHero Sekai]], he observes that the latter's Build Burning Gundam fights using martial arts rather than weapons and remarks "Then let's fight on equal terms", discarding his Transient Gundam's spear and engaging Sekai using nothing but bare-handed fighting techniques.
* In ''LightNovel/HighSchoolDXD'', Sairaorg Bael will fight the protagonists team in a Rating Game only if they're at full power; lifting the ban of their PowerLimiter in their match.
* In a ''Franchise/LupinIII'' second season episode, "Kooky Kabuki", Goemon attempts to murder Lupin as initiation into the Kabuki gang. Lupin escapes, Goemon admits his failure to the new gang and they tell him to get lost. Reappearing to the betrayed Lupin, Goemon demonstrates his shame by asking Arsene to be his second for seppuku. Lupin refuses and challenges his partner to a good old fashioned fist fight to even things. Jigen and Fujiko back out...and when they're finished, both boys look resoundedly a clobbered mess, but with good feelings restored.
* ''Manga/MakenKi'': At Tenbi Academy, fighting outside of duels is strictly prohibited and punished by members of [[AbsurdlyPowerfulStudentCouncil the student council.]] All challenges are issued and conducted formally, [[http://readpanda.net/Maken-ki/3/20/ including an official]] to see that the match is fought fairly. It begins once both sides have agreed to the terms, with the loser having to comply with the winner's demands. However, challenges ''[[http://readpanda.net/Maken-ki/3/5/ can be]]'' declined.
* In ''Manga/SamuraiHaremAsuNoYoichi'', Yoichi will often gladly fight those who challenge him to a fight, and will often fight with whatever their opponent is using. So if it's a fistfight, he won't use his sword. However, if they fight him for less than pure motives, such as being paid to defeat him, then he pulls a WarriorPoet moment on them and then does a CurbStompBattle on them.
* ''LightNovel/SwordArtOnline'': During his final showdown with Kirito, [[BigBad Kayaba]] willingly lowers himself to the level of the players and forfeits all of his [[GameMaster admin privileges]], wanting to fight Kirito fairly.
* Every ''Anime/YuGiOh'' antagonist fits the bill in one form or another, since the Millennium Puzzle cannot be taken from Yugi without first defeating him in [[MemeticMutation a children's]] [[WebVideo/YugiohTheAbridgedSeries card game]]. The inability to use physical force does not stop them from blatantly cheating, however. Pegasus is the most prominent example of this.
* In ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'', Yusuke and Chu eventually agree to settle their fight with a specific kind of knife fighting, forgetting entirely about the [[FlexibleTourneyRules rules]] of the Dark Tournament itself (i.e., by actually ''having'' rules).

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Franchise/{{Batman}}:
** In ''ComicBook/BatmanYearOne'', Captain Gordon, armed with a handgun, faces Detective Flass, who is unarmed. Before fighting Flass, Gordon not only holsters his gun, but he also tosses a baseball bat to Flass. It ''still'' goes as you'd expect.
** In ''ComicBook/BatmanTheDarkKnightReturns'', Batman sits in the Batmobile, his weapons aimed at the Mutant leader. Goaded by the Mutant leader's taunts, Batman exits the Batmobile to fight him hand-to-hand. This proves to be a very bad idea.
* One of the brothers [[ButtMonkey Arbatov]] attempts to get ''ComicBook/NikolaiDante'' to do this with a GloveSlap. [[CombatPragmatist Nikolai]] [[SubvertedTrope responds with a]] GroinAttack.
* Rather gruesomely averted in an issue of ThePunisher, where a mob boss is about to beat a disloyal underling to death with a baseball bat...while said underling is tied to a chair.
-->'''Underling''': Why not untie me, and make it a fair fight?
-->'''Boss''': Because then I might ''lose''. (Starts going to work with the bat)
* In ''Marvel versus DC'', Franchise/WonderWoman manages to lift [[ComicBook/TheMightyThor Thor's]] hammer, meaning she now has ''his'' power in addition to her own. (Meaning the power of ''two gods combined''.) When the time comes for her bout with ComicBook/{{Storm}} via cosmic decree, she realizes the unfair advantage she has - and ''[[HonorBeforeReason throws it away]]'', deciding to fight without it. (And ironically, because the outcome of each bout was [[PopularityPower determined by poll]], she loses.)

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In ''FanFic/AGrowingAffection'', Naruto and Hinata's grandfather Hyouta fight an impromptu duel. Naruto is in his uniform with all his equipment, while Hyouta is in casual kimono. Rather than delay the duel so Hyouta can get his equipment, he asks Naruto to agree to fight without his weapons. Naruto agrees. [[spoiler:ultimately subverted, in that Hyouta has two holdout kunai, which he uses. Hyouta justifies it in that Naruto agreed not to use weapons, but he did not.]]
* John Dason in ''FanFic/{{Pokeumans}}'' has this very policy to fight fair and be respectful. Then again, his {{sizeshift|er}}ing powers do up-end events a little.
* In ''Titans and the Lost Boy'', the super hero team is threatened with a nuke if they don't agree to attempt a dangerous challenge. [[spoiler:Nabiki]] later reveals she was bluffing and she could never do that for three reasons. 1) She's not a psychopath. 2) It wouldn't be as fun, and 3) Every Superhero, Nation, and Super VILLAIN on the planet would be out for their blood cause that sort of thing cannot be overlooked. And since this would definitely result in a massive crack down on the villain population, they would be out for blood in vengeance.

* Subverted in ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartIII'' in Marty's showdown with "Mad Dog" Tannen. Marty discards his gun, saying he "thought we could settle this like men". [[spoiler:Tannen laughs and [[CombatPragmatist just shoots him]]. Of course, Marty was counting on him doing that, and was wearing armour.]]
* In ''Film/BallisticEcksVsSever'', Sever (Lucy Liu) faces Ross (Ray Park), each armed with automatic weapons. They slowly approach each other, then start tossing their weapons to the ground, so they can knife fight, and then eventually fight hand-to-hand.
* When confronted by Bart at the end of ''Film/BlazingSaddles'', villain Hedley Lamarr claims to be unarmed. Bart puts aside his gun for a fistfight. Hedley was lying. Hedley ends up getting shot anyway.
* Subverted in ''Film/ButchCassidyAndTheSundanceKid'', when Butch fights Harvey Logan. Avoiding this sort of outcome is why smart villains will sometimes follow this trope out of [[PragmaticVillainy prudent self-interest]]:
-->'''Butch:''' No, no, not yet. Not until me and Harvey get the rules straightened out.\\
'''Harvey:''' Rules? In a knife fight? No rules!\\
''(Butch immediately [[GroinAttack kicks Harvey in the groin]])''\\
'''Butch:''' Well, if there ain't going to be any rules, let's get the fight started. Someone [[CountingToThree count 1, 2, 3, go]].\\
'''Sundance:''' ''(very fast)'' 1-2-3-go!\\
''{Butch knocks Harvey out)''
* Played with in ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheWinterSoldier''. Cap puts aside his shield to fight a French-Algerian mercenary hand-to-hand when he taunts Cap by saying "I thought you were [[DoubleMeaning more than just a shield]]." He's still a SuperSoldier against a BadassNormal, but the intent is clear.
* Happens due to the SettingUpdate of ''Theatre/{{Coriolanus}}'' (2011). After running into each other during a battle, Coriolanus and Aufidius put down their assault rifles so as to duel each other with knives, replacing the swordfighting of the original play.
* ''Film/DawnOfThePlanetOfTheApes'': Koba throws aside his rifle to take on Caesar, after the latter taunts him about it. Justified given that he can see Caesar is still weak, and the ape society's emphasis on their leader having physical strength. However, Koba quickly picks up a wound that makes him vulnerable.
* {{Subverted|Trope}} in ''Film/AFishCalledWanda'', when Otto implies that Archie is not manly enough to face him without a gun. Archie puts down his gun, declaring "I used to box for Oxford!" "I used to kill people for the CIA," Otto replies, picking up the gun and threatening Archie with it.
* Subverted in ''Film/TheForbiddenKingdom'', when the Jade Warlord challenges the Monkey King to a fair fight without his magic powers or the Monkey King's magic staff. However, the minute he puts aside his staff, the Warlord uses his magic to turn him into a statue.
-->[[GoodCannotComprehendEvil "Martial art is based on deception, my friend."]]
* All fights between immortals in ''Franchise/{{Highlander}}'' are governed by certain rules. They must be one-on-one and may not take place on holy ground. Then there's the villain in ''Film/HighlanderEndgame'' breaks the first rule and just kills a bunch of immortals while they're tied up and sends his immortal {{Mooks}} to prepare a target for him. He then [[spoiler:kills the mooks while they're unarmed at a dinner table]].
* In one memorable scene from ''Film/{{Hitman}}'', Agent 47 gets into a gunfight with 3 other assassins in a subway station. But after a call to "die with dignity", all the assassins drop their guns, pull out two swords secretly hidden on their backs, and proceed to have a swordfight.
* Subverted with Vernita Green in the first part of ''Film/KillBill''. At first, it seems she's offering the Bride a duel on equal terms. [[spoiler:However, the offer is only a ruse to catch her enemy off-guard so she can use a gun concealed in a cereal box. Unfortunately for her, the Bride was quick enough to throw her knife and kill her before she could use it.]]
* ''Film/TheLegendOfFrenchieKing'': before their fight, Louise shows Maria, who's carrying a rifle, that she doesn't have guns on her. Maria silently agrees to a physical brawl and throws away her rifle.
* ''Film/ManOfSteel'': Colonel Hardy fires everything he has at Faora-Ul to no avail. When he runs out of bullets, he draws a knife, determined to go down fighting. Faora draws her own blade. It's still no contest, but is done as a sign of respect.
-->'''Faora:''' A good death is its own reward.
* ''Film/ThePatriot'': General Cornwallis upholds this method of conducting war to the highest degree. His subordinate, Col. Tavington... not so much.
* ''Film/{{Patton}}'': the titular general talks about how he wishes he could settle the North Africa campaign with a duel against Rommel, just the two of them in tanks like two knights jousting. Of course, Patton then goes on to be a CombatPragmatist in every fight.
* ''Film/{{Predator}}'': the titular creature has [[TheHero Dutch]] cornered and at its mercy. Since Dutch proved himself to be a WorthyOpponent, the Predator removes his mask, discards its gear, and faces Dutch in hand-to-hand combat.
* ''Film/ThePrincessBride'' has two of these. Fezzik is one, as indicated in the page quote; the other is Inigo Montoya, who, although just waiting for the Man in Black to finish climbing the Cliffs of Insanity so he can duel him to the death, very pleasantly assists him in reaching the top and allows his opponent to get his breath back and remove some rocks from his boots before undertaking the fight. He even provides background exposition about [[PunchClockVillain why he's in the villain industry]] while he waits. ''And'' hands his sword to the Man in Black so that he can marvel at the craftsmanship, leaving himself completely defenseless. The Man in Black compliments him, then gives the sword back. And on top of that, they compliment and discuss each other's sword-fighting techniques ''while'' they're fighting.
* In ''Film/RushHour'', Carter is captured by Triad members at a restaurant, and Tucker tells Sang "OK, put the gun down, fight like a man." Carter then gets beaten up. At the climax, Carter has Sang at gunpoint, and Sang pulls the trope back on him. Averted in that when both Carter and Sang throw away their guns, they both pull out their hidden guns, except Carter is able to kill Sang.
* A DefiedTrope ''twice'' in ''Film/{{Serenity}}''. In one scene, the Operative points out that he has come alone and unarmed in order to show that he's serious about settling something with peaceful negotiation. Mal--being Mal--plugs him in the chest. Near the end of the film, the Operative returns the favor by shooting Mal without warning, causing Mal to yell, "You shot me in the back!"
* In ''Film/SeventhSon2015'', Radu transforms into a dragon to attack Gregory. After Gregory accuses him of lacking honor, Radu returns to human form and even tosses Gregory a weapon. After a hard fight, Gregory kills him and comments, "[[BondOneLiner You should have stayed a dragon.]]"
* ''The Spoilers'' (1941). Creator/JohnWayne turns up JustInTime to stop the villain forcing himself on the heroine. The villain points out that he doesn't have his gun on him, so the Duke says they'll have to [[GoodOldFisticuffs do things the old fashioned way]], and a truly epic fistfight ensues.
* In the middle of a fight scene in ''Film/{{SWAT}}'', Officer Street disarms the villain, holding him at gunpoint. (Although the magazine has been removed from the gun, there's still a bullet in the chamber.) Instead of arresting him (or shooting him), Street ejects the bullet from the chamber, drops the gun, and continues fighting hand-to-hand.
* Spoofed in the 1986 action comedy ''Tough Guys''. Two aging ex-cons find themselves confronted by {{gangbanger}}s.
-->'''Harry:''' Now wait a minute, this ain't a fair fight.
-->'''Archie:''' There's six of you; only two of us.
-->'''Harry:''' And you've got knives, and we've got nothing.
-->'''Gang leader:''' But that's how we win.
-->'''Archie:''' You know when we lived in this neighborhood, there were ''rules'' to streetfighting.
-->'''Gang leader:''' Rules? What kind of rules?
-->'''Archie:''' Well for one thing, you couldn't do ''this!'' ''(GroinAttack)'' Or this! ''(EyeScream)'' Or this! ''(right cross with a [[ImprovisedWeapon fistful of quarters]])'' Now does everyone understand the rules? ''([[ScrewThisImOutOfHere Other gangbangers flee]])''
* Subverted in ''Film/{{Safe|2012}}'', when Luke and Alex finally find themselves face to face. Alex has a gun to Mei's head, but after a brief conversation both men put down their guns and square off, ready to settle this the old-fashioned way... and then Mei picks up one of the discarded guns and shoots Alex in the leg, after which Luke swiftly finishes him off.

* ''Literature/LoneWolf'': In Book 19, "Wolf's Bane", after a long cat and mouse game, when Lone Wolf finally catches up to his EvilKnockoff Wolf's Bane, the villain challenges him to an honorable duel using only two rapiers he has prepared. He allows Lone Wolf to inspect both rapiers to confirm that neither of them have been sabotaged or enchanted. If the player tries to refuse, Wolf's Bane will accuse Lone Wolf of cowardice and the duel will begin regardless. Of course, when Wolf's Bane is about to lose, he cheats by summoning a monster called a Doom-blight to attack the hero, but Alyss interferes and saves him.

* Used repeatedly in ''Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia'' series. King Miraz in ''Literature/PrinceCaspian'', for example, is goaded into a duel by his treacherous underlings despite being in a position where his army should be victorious without effort. He fights High King Peter and for all his faults, certainly doesn't lack for courage nor does he attempt to cheat in the duel.
* Invoked but invariably defied in the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' novels; a certain nobleman known only as the Marquis of Fantailler got into multiple fights in his youth, mostly because his parents named him "the Marquis of Fantailler". He then created a set of rules intended to be a guideline to this sort of behavior (cynically noted in series as "rules governing where people weren't supposed to hit him", with the implication that he was a rubbish fighter who invariably lost). As {{Combat Pragmatis|t}}m is the norm in the Disc's cities, these rules are openly dismissed as rubbish by anyone who seriously understands fighting, and many people trying to fight by them have instead ended up being seriously beaten or even killed when their opponent refused to play by Fantailler's rules. Only one person in the series has not lost embarrassingly when using these rules -- Otto von Schriek, who, being a vampire, has enough SuperStrength and SuperSpeed that it's no hindrance to him.
** Subverted quite brilliantly in one fight. When Vimes asks an angry blacksmith if he wants to fight by the rules, the blacksmith scoffs at him. Vimes responds by rapidly taking him down with dirty fighting moves.
* Seen quite a bit in the canon ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' universe, where settling disputes with fights between relatively few men and women in their HumongousMecha is quite common and individual notions of the rules of engagement can shape entire battles. An ''excellent'' example may be the final fight in the novel ''Ideal War'' (which, despite the name, has up to then dealt mostly with dirty guerrilla warfare and its dehumanizing effects on people): The defenders are positioned in the capital city and it would take a lot of effort and collateral damage to root them out. Faced with that prospect in the pre-battle negotiations, their commanding officer instead decides to do the honorable thing and face their attackers (a unit actually ''created'' to embody the ideals of chivalry and commanded by the planetary ruler's liege lord to boot) out in the open to settle things once and for all.
** This mostly depends on the houses or clans that are fighting and how much they hate each other. Most battles take the form of duels because battlemechs are expensive, even more expensive and in fact nearly irreplaceable are FTL capable drop ships. In the end it just works better most of the time to have a smaller battle and agree to abide by the outcome, it leaves your force intact to come back later, and you resources intact to be taken back if/when you return. Notable exceptions are the destruction of smoke jaguar, which was an all out war of annihilation, and the battle of tukayyid which itself was basically a duel on a much grander scale.
** Generally subverted in the ''Mercenaries'' series of games; not surprisingly, the concept of fighting for money does not lend itself well to gentlemanly ways. The subversion rarely lasts for long, however, since at a certain point in the game the main character always ends up picking a side and fighting for them out of a variety of morally noble reasons.
* Sparhawk and Martel's final duel in ''Literature/TheSapphireRose'' takes this form. As both men are knights, and old former friends who have literally waited about a decade to face each other in combat, they fight in the honorable fashion, and allow each other a short breather when they grow tired, talking and assessing each other's styles while they rest before returning to trying to kill each other. For extra points, Martel suspects he's going to lose anyways, and ''knows'' he's going to die several attacks before the final blow falls because of his mastery of swordplay.
* In Chris Roberson's ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}} Literature/ImperialFists'' novel ''Sons of Dorn'', Jean-Robur is warned that the enemy do not fight properly. In his first battle, he quickly learns to play CombatPragmatist.
* In Matt Farrer's "After Desh'ea" (in the ''Literature/HorusHeresy'' book ''Tales of Heresy''), Angron is spitting with fury because the War Hounds will not fight him properly, giving him their names and all the rituals of the GladiatorGames.
* The ''code duello'' in ''Literature/HonorHarrington'', enforced by the fact that the line judges ''shoot you'' if you cheat. This happens to [[spoiler:[[DirtyCoward Pavel Young]]]] in his fight against Honor. After trying to avoid being challenged by her (he saw the CurbStompBattle she gave the ''professional'' in his employ), he's stuck meeting he on the field. He tries to shoot early, and gets blown away. Not that he had a prayer in the first place. A KarmicDeath if ever there was one.
* ''[[Literature/HeraldsOfValdemar Exile's Honor]]'': Alberich's very first assignment as the new Weaponsmaster Second is to bout with two Heraldic students who have been getting years of training from "masters of the sword" who teach this style exclusively. [[note]]The current Weaponsmaster is too arthritic to demonstrate why fancy court dueling doesn't work when fighting bandits.[[/note]] The only thing keeping the bout (against both of them at once) out of CurbStompBattle territory is that while Alberich is a pure CombatPragmatist, he's not a bully and deliberately goes easy on the boys, only driving them to the brink of exhaustion.
** It's also made clear, both in this duology and other books he appears in, that he teaches most of his students, if not quite "fancy court" fighting, a style suitable for dueling. This is for entirely pragmatic reasons: he has a limited time to teach his students (who have a wide variety of life experiences and aptitudes for combat) to survive a fight, and ''most'' of those students are more likely to be acting as police stopping brawls or intervening in feuds between technically friendly civilians or leading soldiers on a battlefield than fighting violent criminals in back alleys or assailed by professional assassins. So his base lesson plan consists of making sure people look like they've ''been'' trained and can fight using techniques onlookers would consider "fair enough", with how to recognize and handle more "dirty" moves if there's time. He'll expand or substitute for people who either have the ability and inclination to learn more than that, or people who absolutely ''do'' need to survive out of uniform or against assassins.
* In the book ''The White Company'' by Arthur Conan Doyle, a novel that takes place during the Hundred Years War, one of the main characters, an old cavalier by the name of Sir Nigel Loring, is constantly challenging people to honorable duels simply for honor's sake. Even in war he holds no malice for the enemy and regards combat as a chance to further himself.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Subverted in ''Series/TheMysticKnightsOfTirNaNog''. One of these fights is going on when the BigBad Maeve tosses TheDragon a sword:
-->'''Deirdre:''' We agreed no weapons!
-->'''Maeve:''' We also agreed ''[[LoopholeAbuse no rules]]''.
* In one of the best {{Dream Sequence}}s in ''Series/GilligansIsland'', Lord Admiral Gilligan refuses to fight his pirate foes unfairly and tosses them swords with a "Ho," [tosses a sword to a pirate], "Ho," [tosses a sword to a pirate], "Ho," [tosses a sword to a pirate] "Ho," [tosses his own sword in the general direction] "Oooh..."
* In ''Series/TheCityHunter'', [[TheDragon Sang Kook]] and [[TheHero Yun Sung]] meet in a hospital. They move the fight to a basement, fight honorably, and don't try to pursue when Yun Sung, inevitably, wins.
* In ''Series/MythQuest'', Lancelot and Maleagant fight over Guinevere. After both of them acquire an extra weapon (Maleagant an axe and Lancelot a sword), Lancelot points out that they're both Knights of the Round Table, and they return to fighting with matched swords.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer''.:
** Spike tosses aside his axe before fighting Buffy in "School Hard" (he regrets this, as [[MamaBear Buffy's mother]] clonks him with it later). Spike isn't exactly honorable, but he's a BloodKnight who enjoys fighting for the sake of it, so taking on Buffy on equal terms was more entertaining.
** In "Graduation Day, Part 1," Faith infects Angel with a mystical vampire-killing poison, which can only be cured by the blood of a Slayer; Buffy resolves to drag Faith to Angel to feed on, dead or alive. When she enters her apartment to find Faith lying on the bed facing away from her, the stereo blaring, Buffy, rather than sneak up and cut her throat, turns off the stereo to let Faith know she's there, either out of respect for her former comrade-in-arms or because it's easier to justify killing Faith if Buffy is fighting for her life.
** Subverted when Buffy is up against a vampire cult obsessed with honor. Their leader brandishes a sword at Buffy and suggests they settle this honorably. After getting the drop on Buffy he says, "Well then, let's just settle it" and dunks her head in water.
* A rather sadistic subversion occurs in ''Series/MightyMorphinPowerRangers''. In an episode where Trini is learning a new style of Kung-Fu, Rita tries to play with her newfound sense of honor she has been getting, creating a Mantis with the same skills. Eventually, [[HonorBeforeReason it convinces her to fight it alone]], in an even battle. This turns out to be a mistake, because the creature eventually springs an ambush with a squad of Mooks. ([[ILied It even admits that it never believed in the code of honor she did]] to begin with.) Fortunately, the other Rangers are close by.
* Played straight in an early episode of ''Series/HappyDays'', where Richie decided to stand up to a bully who'd been tormenting him. It's plain to everyone that the bully is perfectly capable of kicking Richie's ass, but Fonzie (who up to this point had been protecting Richie from the bully and giving him advice on how to deal with him) makes it a point to tell the bully he'd better fight fair. What most people miss is the clear sub-context that Fonzie fully expects Richie to get beaten up badly...and he also intends to deal with the bully later in order to put a stop his crap once and for all.
* ''Series/AshVsEvilDead'': During the Season 2 finale, Ash proposes this to [[BigBad Baal]], stating that if Baal can beat him ''without'' his immortality or demonic powers, then the world is his for the taking, but if Ash wins, then he has to pack up and leave Earth. Baal makes it a blood pact and the two go at it... but before long, he quickly starts cheating by breaking out such things as the ShapeshifterGuiltTrip; he even [[ILied mocks Ash for actually believing he'd stick to the deal]].
* ''Series/{{Supernatural}}''. When Dick Roman (a shapeshifting Leviathan) realizes an InvisibleMonster is attacking him (Bobby as a ghost), he calls on Bobby to "show yourself; let's do this like real monsters!"

* In her ''Franchise/StarWars'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtQb2axKpuw medley,]] Music/LindseyStirling as Leia, Peter Hollens as a Jedi, and Josh a Darth Vader costume all draw lightsabers but then politely gesture that the others go first, obeying rules of etiquette even when hoping to attack one another.
* ''No Bullets Fly'' by Music/{{Sabaton}}. Which is about the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlie_Brown_and_Franz_Stigler_incident Charlie Brown and Frans Stigler incident]], in which a heavily damaged B-17 stumbled upon an enemy. However, the enemy in question (Frans Stigler) saw that the ship was too damaged to fight, and promptly not only didn't fire but ''led the ship to safety''. Quote the chorus:
-->'''Fly, fighting fair!'''
-->'''It's the code, of the air!'''
-->'''Brothers, Heroes, Foes'''

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* Even if you steal another man's love interest, wreck his material possessions, try to kill him, or light him on fire, the only proper retribution is to get the offender [[TonightInThisVeryRing in that very ring]] and pin his shoulders to the mat for a three-count. It's not always that way: sometimes you have to [[GimmickMatches make him bleed or say "I Quit"]] instead.
** And really, it's subverted half the time. The Wrestling/ShawnMichaels vs. Wrestling/ChrisJericho feud, round two, with both men doing all kinds of bodily harm to each other in a high-profile Unsanctioned Match. An especially gratifying subversion came in that match when Jericho had Michaels in the Walls of Jericho, his signature submission hold. Michaels fought for the ropes and finally grabbed them, which in a normal wrestling match would mean that Jericho would have to break the hold. Usually, even in hardcore matches where people smash each other up with weapon after weapon and disqualification isn't even a possibility, the wrestlers still abide by rope breaks for some infuriating reason. However, here... Jericho just didn't release the hold. That is, until Michaels grabbed a fire extinguisher from under the ring and decked him with it.
** Because the way the kayfabe rulebook is set up a ref can't count a pin or accept a submission when a guy is holding the ropes. So the match can't end. Promotions with more lax booking will sometimes forget this, as Michaels himself once lost via submission to Wrestling/TedDibiaseJr and Wrestling/CodyRhodes performing a two on one submission on him using ''the ring post'', but even Wrestling/{{AAA}}, one of the laxest promotions booking wise, once stripped Taya Valkyrie of the Reina De Reinas for using an illegal hold to win the belt from Ayako Hamada, even though the match was No DQ.
** More often than not, it is subverted with the idea that the two rivals will fight again, this time in a match where their method of subversion will be fully legal. For example, two wrestlers who fight to a double count-out will then fight in a Falls Count Anywhere match.
** Bizarrely played straight in the Wrestling/TripleH vs. Wrestling/RandyOrton match at ''[=WrestleMania=] XXV''; Orton's a sadistic {{heel}} who would seize any advantage; Trips has been known to carry around a sledgehammer. Orton spent several months prior to the match systematically destroying the [=McMahon=] family (of which Triple H is a member), and Orton hates his opponent with a passion (and routinely uses cheap shots and outright cheating to gain an edge). Both of them fight more or less fairly. While Triple H would have lost the title if he was disqualified, Orton had no such restriction.
* Of course the organization that takes this the furthest is Wrestling/{{CMLL}}, the longest operating wrestling company in the world which also happens to have a strict stance against {{gimmick matches}}. Besides regular tag team action(except there is less emphasis on ''tags'' in Mexico), a gimmick that does not actually violate this trope. The once a year cage match is about as far away as they get, other than the even rarer "Super Libre", where the participants agree to throwout all rules.
* While not a promotion in the traditional sense, this was a distinguishing feature of the wrestling matches shown on the UK television program ''World Of Sport'', which had a much lower tolerance for many things other territories were starting to relax on. As a result, most matches ended up being technical grappling displays between [[{{face}} "blue eyes".]]
* To varying degrees, Wrestling/AllJapanProWrestling, Wrestling/{{New Japan|ProWrestling}} and everyone else on the island who rejected Wrestling/{{FMW}}'s ''[[GarbageWrestler anything goes]]'' approach.
* Special Events has a private gym set aside specifically for wrestlers to settle grudges without distractions, however PGWA commissioner Susan Green insisted even there professionalism and sportsmanship are musts.
* [[FollowTheLeader Taking a page]] from FMW's book there were W*ING, IWA Japan, Big Japan and, eventually, Wrestling/{{ECW}}, where the word "disqualification" was practically unheard of. Wrestling/MickFoley was unpopular in ECW invoking this trope and insisting on sticking to traditional wrestling rules. Even more so for trying to get Wrestling/TommyDreamer to leave ECW for the cleaner style of Wrestling/{{WCW}}.
* Among ECW's alumni, The King Of Old School Steve Corino took the stance that Hardcore Wrestling was bad, almost as bad as hardcore music.
* Wrestling/RingOfHonor takes this even further than most pro wrestling organizations, at least in the Northern USA, for a long time having a {{code of honor}} put in place where a wrestler could become a PersonaNonGrata for causing a disqualification. Even when the code was overturned, it was still common to see hands shook before and after matches. However, when a feud becomes so bitter and hate-filled that traditional matches are out of the question, ROH books the feuding wrestlers in a no-disqualification match they call a "Fight Without Honor", where it's basically "do whatever you want, the ref is only there to count the pin or check for submissions". An example is [[Wrestling/SamiZayn El Generico]] vs. Wrestling/KevinSteen at ''Final Battle 2010'' - both men disrespected each other right off the bat by [[SpitefulSpit spitting in each other's faces]], and it only went downhill from there.
* To illustrate the contrast between the two, Drew Gulak campaigning for a similar gentlemanly honor code in Wrestling/{{CZW}} got him booed out of the building. With the exception of the "Best Of The Best" {{tournament|arc}}, pin fall, submission, keep it clean is generally seen as the [[NecessaryWeasel breaks]] in between the {{garbage|wrestling}}, and even then, they usually are not kept clean.
* Jervis Cottonbelly of Wrestling/{{Chikara}} has this attitude, always trying his best to follow the rules and asking only of his opponents that they do the same. It takes [[OutOfCharacterIsSeriousBusiness a lot]] for "the world sweetest man" to fight in an ungentlemanly manner.
* EVOLVE, ''started out'' anyway, as a promotion against Pro Wrestling cliches where nothing that wouldn't be allowed in an honest combat sport would be allowed during their matches. There was one exception to this rule, an "End Of Evolution" match, which was to EVOLVE what a "Fight Without Honor" was to ROH.
* The Scottish Insane Championship Wrestling spinoff "Fierce Females" has Nikki Storm, who has an "Anti [[GarbageWrestler Hardcore]]" gimmick. As a {{face}} no less.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* A strange example of this Trope is the death knights of Krynn from the ''Literature/{{Dragonlance}}'' setting, former Knights of Solamnia who were cursed by the gods with undead form for [[MoralEventHorizon unforgivable crimes]] such as treason or murder. Despite being AlwaysChaoticEvil undead abominations, they remember the code they held as Knights of Solamnia, and still fight honorably. They never attack by ambush, or before a foe can ready his weapon.
* In ''Tabletopgame/BattleTech'', the Clans code of honor, "zellbrigen", lays down the rules for their AsskickingEqualsAuthority duels and for war as a whole. Clanner commanders on both sides "bid" on forces, trying to win the engagement with the minimum amount of war assets required. In combat, Clan pilots verbally acknowledge a target and engage them one-on-one, (generally) avoid melee combat in their [[HumongousMecha BattleMechs]], and do not use area-of-effect weapons or artillery. Breaking these rules turns the battle into a "melee" free-for-all, which among the Clans, is grounds for the rule-breaker to potentially lose their rank. The Inner Sphere, being out of the loop for 300 years and were [[ForeverWar busy trying to slaughter each other for most of that time]], [[CombatPragmatist exploited these rules]] for as long as they could until the Clanners wised up.
* {{Subverted|Trope}} once upon a time in ''Tabletopgame/Warhammer40000''. The Avatar of [[WarGod Khaine]] attempted to challenge the Swarmlord synapse creature to a duel on Craftworld Iyanden. [[CombatPragmatist The Swarmlord promptly sicced a dozen Carnifexes on it.]]
** Most of the time, played straight in the Challenge mechanic. During the close-combat phase of the game, a Character (usually any significant soldier beyond the rank and file) can challenge a character from the enemy's army, locking the two in combat where no other units can interfere.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/LANoire'', [[spoiler:Jack Kelso]] gets surrounded by three mobsters. Both he and they carry guns. But then he asks them to settle it using GoodOldFisticuffs, to which they happily oblige. [[RealityEnsues He]] [[EpicFail still]] [[HopelessBossFight loses]], however.
* Dudley (pictured above), from the ''Franchise/StreetFighter'' games, is the {{Trope Namer|s}}. A ScaryBlackMan at first glance, Dudley is a boxer of average stature, but comes from a very wealthy background and is both a scholar ''and'' a gentleman. The classically trained fighter often says to his opponent, "Let's fight like gentlemen!" before the round begins.
** Dudley seems to have been created as a contrast to the CombatPragmatist Balrog (Boxer), who, as an {{Expy}} of Mike Tyson, uses some decidedly unsporting moves in the course of a fight, including headbutting, foot stomping, and plain old sucker punching people. This coming from a (disgraced) career heavyweight boxer. To no one's surprise, they're each other's Rival Battle in ''Super Street Fighter IV''.
* Rubicante from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIV'' fits this trope. Edge's parents were turned into monsters and unleashed on him (and the party), which almost causes Edge to HeroicBSOD on everyone. He cuts into a ThisIsUnforgivable tirade, which Rubicante wholeheartedly agrees with (he had nothing to do with mutating Edge's parents). He then ''heals your party back to full HP and MP'' before engaging them in combat.
** Not to mention that if you cast Fire on him which he absorbs, he responds by repaying the favor and casting Raise on your party.
** And he heals your party AGAIN before you [[spoiler: face all four Elemental Archfiends inside the Giant of Babil]].
* In ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic II'', there are at least two situations (the Handmaidens on Telos and the Mandalorian Battle Circle on Dxun) where you have duels against one or more opponents with severe restrictions placed on what you can use.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyV'': To quote Gilgamesh, "And now, we will fight like men. And [[EverythingsBetterWithPrincesses ladies]]. And [[{{Bifauxnen}} ladies who dress like men.]]"
* This happens in ''VideoGame/SuperMarioRPG''. Halfway during the boss battle with Jonathan Jones (and after you wiped out the four {{Pirate}} {{Mooks}} he took into battle with him), you have to fight him one-on-one (as Mario).
** Unless you kill Jones before his last flunky. The DuelBoss bit only triggers if Jones has no {{mooks}} left. Also, if Mario is [=KOed=] before Johnny uses his "Get Tough" move, the one-on-one fight won't trigger either.
* Subverted in ''VideoGame/DeusEx'', by either you or Gunther Hermann. When you encounter him, provided you performed the right actions earlier, you can kill him instantly by saying his killphrase. If you don't...
--> '''JC Denton''': I know you hate being a tool for a bunch of bureaucrats as much as I did. How 'bout we make a gentlemen's agreement?
--> '''Gunther''': I am the top agent at UNATCO. It is different now. Mr. Simons said if I defeat you I can have any upgrades I want. THAT is a gentlemen's agreement.
* [[AntiHero Meta Knight]] of the ''Franchise/{{Kirby}}'' franchise fits the mold. In most games in which he appears as a boss, Meta Knight will provide Kirby with a sword and will wait patiently until Kirby picks it up (barring ''Revenge of the Meta Knight'', which took place under [[RaceAgainstTheClock time constraint]], and even then he waits a good while). It is difficult to tell if he is a gentleman antagonist/anti-hero or just a StealthMentor in the games, though. His [[Anime/KirbyRightBackAtYa anime incarnation]] is more openly a mentor.
* Major Ocelot in ''VideoGame/{{Metal Gear Solid 3|SnakeEater}}'' insists on fighting honorably. This doesn't stop Snake and the nearby Ocelot soldiers from pulling out a variety of dirty tricks to shift the advantage to either side, much to the Major's annoyance. Ocelot also calls others on their crap if they start bending the rules (like he did to Volgin).
** Gray Fox tries this in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid''. If Snake puts his guns away, the {{Ninja}} will throw his Katana away.
--->'''Gray Fox:''' Now we can fight as warriors! Hand-to-hand: it is the basis of all combat. Only a fool would trust his life to a weapon!
** Liquid does this at the end of both the first and fourth games, carrying Snake to the top of a high place for a final fist fight on both occasions.
* Assassin in ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight''. He politely greets all opponents, and then attempts to butcher them. But he chats the whole time, and all he wants to do is have a good fight without outside interruption. If something happens that is disadvantageous to his opponent like Rider spying on Saber to see her Noble Phantasm he will stop fighting immediately and will not take advantage of outside distractions, such as Saber abandoning the fight temporarily in order to help Shirou. He's like a formal [[BloodKnight Lancer.]] He also takes defeat well.
** Most of the more 'heroic' heroic spirits seem to follow some unspoken code of conduct in battle, fighting straight up, giving forewarning on use of their Noble Phantasms, and not targeting each others' masters. Saber, Lancer, Assassin, and to a lesser degree Rider and Berserker, seem to follow this (although in Berserker's case it's probably because he's too mindless to do it otherwise). Even [[spoiler:Gilgamesh]] follows this trope in his own twisted way (though that's mostly due to his ego). Archer and Caster do not abide by it and tend to be distrusted and disliked by their fellow Servants as a result.
* Pokémon of all things subverts this trope viciously up until the BigBad (Team Galactic Leader Cyrus) of ''VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl'' and ''Platinum'', who gives you a Master Ball just because you beat him.
** He's actually giving the Master Ball to you because he thinks it's useless, as it would act as a RestrainingBolt[=/=]PowerLimiter on the OlympusMons whose power he wants (he decides to use the Red Chain instead), and this isn't even his final confrontation with you.
** Team Rocket cheats like no other, and they still usually lose. You'll get ambushed in the games by several Mooks in a row. Heck, the entire Elite Four is basically an endurance contest of five consecutive battles. You can heal in between battles - however, you have to use your own limited items to heal outside of (and during) battles, and you can't buy any PP-restoring items (although you can grow Leppa Berries before taking the challenge).
** Played straight with [[spoiler: N, who gladly heals you after you fought the cover legendary. Then he challenges you himself]]. Normally, it's a third party who heals you for plot events.
** Wikstrom of the [[VideoGame/PokemonXandY Kalos Elite Four]] is themed after a KnightInShiningArmor, and promises a fair and honorable match when you battle him.
** A recurring example throughout the series is that the antagonists only ever settle conflicts via pokemon battle, with the main exception ([[spoiler:Ghetsis in Black/White attempting to sic his pokemon on you to preempt a battle entirely]]) being unexpected for that reason. Additionally, antagonists helpfully back down after a battle, which at least makes sense as they're effectively defenseless without their pokemon. Why the various criminals don't simply carry weapons of some kind is rarely mentioned in the series, but has been explained on occasion.
* ''VideoGame/BattalionWars 2'' justifies the inaccuracy of Anglo Anti-Air vet missiles against ground troops with this explanation; aware of the tremendous power of their weapons, they deliberately disable auto-lock when up against ground troops so the enemy will at least have a sporting chance. This is probably a reference to the fact that in the first game, AA vets were potent {{Game Breaker}}s that devastated units in the air and on the ground alike. Other nations' AA units are inaccurate against ground troops for various other reasons -- for instance, Tundran Anti-Air missiles use a dated tracking system.
* In the city of Denerim in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins'', you run into a knight who demands a duel with you out of revenge and honor. He's heard that the Grey Wardens (whose order you are one of the last of) betrayed the king and led to his brother getting killed in battle (this is, of course, untrue). If you meet up with him at the dueling site, he will have three companions with him (as do you, but you are much more powerful than them). Surprisingly, he actually stays true to his word and fights your main character one-on-one unless you refuse to. In that case they will all fight and most likely lose miserably. When you kill the knight in a proper duel, his comrades will just walk quietly away and mourn his passing.
* In the final boss fight in ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'', Ezio lays down his weapons and proposes a fight without weapons or tricks, to which the final boss agrees. Worth mentioning that the final boss fight is with ''[[spoiler:the freakin' Pope]]''!
** At one point in ''[=AC2=]'' Ezio participates in a brawling tournament during Carnevale, Venice, only for one of the later assassination targets to bribe the host into allowing multiple guards into the pit together and with weapons. Fortunately, the player is not penalized for drawing and wielding his own weapons.
*** It's possible to disarm each guard and beat them to a pulp with your fists (but not kill them). Bad. Ass.
** Averted in ''Brotherhood''[='=]s final boss fight, as for all of [[spoiler:Cesare Borgia]]'s boasting, he's periodically reinforced by guards who he never bothers to order away.
** Before the fight with Robert de Sable, Richard the Lionheart makes it seem as if it will be a duel between [[PlayerCharacter Altaïr]] and de Sable. Then the fight starts, and you are facing de Sable with about a dozen other Templars. Luckily, MookChivalry is in full effect here.
** In ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIII'', Haytham is lured and trapped belowdecks by one of the ship's mates, who threatens him with a sword. Haytham (the player character) notes that it would be unfair for him not to have a sword of his own, so the mate tosses him one, which Haytham uses to kill him.
* The player can be this in ''VideoGame/{{Karateka}}'' if he remembers not to approach every opponent in his fighting stance. You can even have the player character and his opponents bow to each other before fighting.
** Also true in the ending. [[spoiler:Don't approach your girlfriend in a fighting stance: you won't win.]]
* ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'' had unused sounds finally added in the Engineer Update. These include melee dares.
--> Spy: "Let's settle this like gentlemen!"
** Ironically, The Spy is the least likely to fight like a gentleman. {{Back Stab}}s and [[DressingAsTheEnemy disguise kits]] and [[InvisibilityCloak cloak watches]] and [[PlayingPossum fake deaths]] and [[HyperspaceArsenal whatnot]].
*** These sounds finally found a use with the dueling 'minigame', which is anything but honorable.
** It's generally accepted among the community that when an enemy comes at you with a melee weapon, it's good sportsmanship to draw yours as well. Doesn't mean there aren't a lot of {{Combat Pragmatist}}s out there, though.
* Cho'Gath's legendary Gentleman Cho skin from ''VideoGame/LeagueOfLegends'' quotes the trope name word-for-word.
** He subverts this however since he is a tank and his whole role is to look like a juicy target for a stupid enemy to try to pick off and get curb stomped by his team in hiding. You also have to keep in mind that Cho is an EldritchAbomination who can easily stun lock you while he chomps on you, literally. Needless to say, trying to invoke this trope on Cho is a terrible idea.
** Many players dislike ganks (ambushes), saying that "You won't fight me 1v1" or something similar. However, these players tend to be using champions who excel at 1v1 combat, so only the TooDumbToLive players take up their offer.
* This is the reason everyone fights with [[BulletHell danmaku]] in ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'', even those characters who [[InformedAbility supposedly]] have abilities that would be able to end the fight in an instant.
* In one of the later missions of ''VideoGame/HitmanBloodMoney'', 47 encounters rival assassin Maynard John while on an assignment. John has been looking forward to this for some time, and because he wants to prove himself superior, challenges 47 to a one-on-one gunfight in a soundproof room -- no sneak attacks, traps, or tricks. He even leaves guns on a table in the room for 47 to use.
** Similarly, 47's final battle with Mark Parchezzi III is, at Parchezzi's insistence, a duel. Parchezzi had the perfect opportunity to kill 47 with a bomb earlier, but just used it as a distraction so he could go up to the roof and await 47's arrival.
* Played straight in ''VideoGame/{{Red Dead Redemption}}'' during the last mission in [[SouthoftheBorder Mexico]]. After hitting Marston's {{Berserk Button}} by [[spoiler:killing Luisa]] the {{Mook Lieutenant}} suggests that they settle things this way.
-->"Okay, but we fight like men. Not like dogs."
* ''Franchise/MortalKombat'':
** The series is ''usually'' good about the concept of a "fair fight" (as far as gameplay is concerned, anyway) except where the Endurance Matches are concerned. In the original game, the player had to go through three of these, fighting two opponents per match (one after the other) per round without replenishing his/her life bar. The third one occurred right before the BossBattle with [[TheDragon Goro]] (but your life bar did replenish before that, fortunately). This was taken even further in ''[[VideoGame/MortalKombat3 Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3]]'' where some Endurance Matches required you to fight ''three'' opponents, and the optional Shao Kahn's Lost Treasures lets the player select the ''Mega Endurance Kombat'' where you have to fight ''all five'' of the game's [[HiddenCharacter Hidden Characters]]: Noob Saibot, Classic Sub-Zero, Human Smoke, Ermac and Mileena.
** The Story Mode of ''[[VideoGame/MortalKombat9 9]]'' defies the Trope both in gameplay ''and'' story in some places; there are quite a few instances where two enemies "gang up" on the hero who is the focus of the chapter. (This is like Tag mode, except you don't get a partner.) The worst part is, Smoke and Johnny Cage, two guys [[WhatTheHellHero who are supposed to be heroes]] did this to Kitana in her chapter ''and'' to Jade in hers.
* The Joker boss fight in ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamCity'' starts off like this... and then the Joker calls in a bunch of Mooks. And [[DropTheHammer Mr Abromovich]]. And, finally, a ''[[SuperpoweredMooks Titan henchman]]''!
* In ''VideoGame/TheAwakenedFateUltimatum'', Hien Inugami isn't interested in dirty tricks or dishonorable combat. He doesn't want to fight anyone he doesn't feel is worthy of facing him. Furthermore, when Phyllis temporarily paralyzes both Shin and Jupiel with a neurotoxin, he drives ''her'' and the rest of the devils away, then leaves the Amy Magic Refinery for the angels to do as they please, promising to engage Shin again when they actually have a chance to fight properly.
* ''VideoGame/DarkSouls'': A not-insignificant portion of the fandom invokes this when it comes to [=PvP=] fights. Many players just want a fair, one-on-one duel against another player, rather than an all-out anything-goes slaughterfest. Each of the games provides ways to ensure a fair duel, but even discounting those, some Invaders will wait to attack their target until said target is free of distractions and fully healed up, and will look down on trying to heal mid-fight. This is taken so far that some players set up "Fight Clubs", where multiple players will be summoned/invade, with a "ring" made of prism stones, and then a series of one-on-one duels will be held, with other players spectating. It is considered extremely bad form to interrupt a Fight Club, and ''will'' result in absolutely everyone present teaming up to murder you for it.
* After an entire career of facing [[TryingToCatchMeFightingDirty opponents with questionable tactics or attire]] in the UsefulNotes/{{Wii}} ''VideoGame/PunchOut'', the final boss and World Champion Mr. Sandman is the only boxer in the game to not resort to using weapons, dirty / illegal moves, support like Soda Popinski's health-replenishing soda, or even improper boxing attire. During the Championship bout ''and'' the Title Defense rematch he gives you a straightforward and fair fight, ''and'' one that's more difficult than any other opponent in the game [[spoiler:save for SecretCharacter ''Franchise/DonkeyKong'']].
* In ''VideoGame/{{Undertale}}'', when Undyne fights you on a Neutral run, she wants to beat you fairly, so she gives you a spear to block her attacks with. If you repeatedly fail to dodge her first attack, however, she'll get increasingly frustrated until she just gives up and swarms you with one of her fastest attacks.
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfSpyro: The Eternal Night'': During the final boss battle, Gaul seems to have some sense of honor. After using his MagicWand to [[ManaDrain drain Spyro's powers]], leaving him with only physical attacks for the first part of the fight, he orders his {{mooks}} to stay back so he can fight Spyro one on one, and despite having a variety of magical attacks, refrains from using them until [[SuperpoweredEvilSide Dark Spyro]] manifests.
* In ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' series' backstory, Pelinal Whitestrake was the legendary 1st Era hero of mankind/[[FantasticRacism racist]] [[TheBerserker berserker]]. Believed to have been a [[EternalHero Shezarrine]], [[GodInHumanForm physical incarnations]] of the spirit of the [[GodIsDead "dead" creator god]] Lorkhan (known to the Imperials as "[[IHaveManyNames Shezarr]]"), Pelinal came to [[FounderOfTheKingdom St. Alessia]] to serve as her [[PhysicalGod divine champion]] in the war against the [[AbusivePrecursors Ayleids]]. Pelinal's standard tactic was to fly into fits of UnstoppableRage (''mostly'' directed at the Ayleids) during which he [[BloodSplatteredWarrior would be stained with their blood]] and [[PaintTheTownRed left so much carnage in his wake]] that Kyne, one of the [[OurGodsAreDifferent Divines]], would have to [[CueTheRain send in her rain]] to cleanse Ayleid forts and village before they could be used by Alessia's forces. However, when it came to the Ayleid sorcerer-kings, he would instead challenge them to a DuelToTheDeath. At the end of the war, he battled the Ayleid leader, Umaril the Unfeathered, in this fashion. He defeated, but could not kill, Umaril who had divine protection from the [[OurGodsAreDifferent Daedric Prince]] Meridia.
* Grimm, from ''VideoGame/HollowKnight'''s titular DLC, refers to your first battle with him as a "dance" and politely bows to you at the start. You can betray his courtesy and attack him while his guard is down, although as a result he'll [[BerserkButton get pissed]] and [[VideoGameCrueltyPunishment "reward" your eagerness to fight with his strongest attack]].
* Crypt Man from the ''VideoGame/MegaMan'' fangame ''VideoGame/MegaManRockForce'' is a NobleDemon who tries to avoid casualties, and if Mega Man isn't at full health when he encounters him, he'll throw Mega Man a life tank so that both he and Mega Man start the fight at full HP.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/DominicDeegan'' has a swordsman named Arcangelo Scarlatti. He is employed as a proxy (substitute) to fight Szark Sturtz, who steps in for master swordsman Donovan Deegan. During the battle, a corrupt knight strikes Sturtz in an old and perpetually open wound, crippling him for a minute or two. Scarlatti can only look on disgust and anger at the knight's actions.
** It goes beyond that; Scarlatti is outright offended that they thought interfering would be necessary.
*** It's worse than that, it was a duel to first blood. Stark's wound is infernal and the ONLY way to stop the pain is for him to kill somebody. If Scarlatti lost in skill, his employer expected him to die, thus 'winning' the duel by default. After he lost the duel, Stark having been able to control his bloodlust, Scarlatti turned in evidence of his employer having plotted an assassination attempt.
** It was also revealed that Scarlatti often challenges brash swordsmen who use their skills to bully others.
** Scarlatti was introduced as a subversion, though. He's famous for the "Scarlatti Disarm," a technique which disarms the opponent and permanently cripples their sword hand. [[TechnicalPacifist Not very gentlemanly at all.]]
* In ''Webcomic/DragonMango'', [[http://dragon-mango.com/comic/chapter06/dm06-27.htm when Agent Vinegar formally challenges the dragon, it responds by observing that everyone else attacked him like a beast, so it killed them like beasts; for Vinegar, he tells his name Lecithin before the fight.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Dinobot from ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'' prefers to fight like this, even going so far as to ''rescue the Maximal leader he was fighting for command of the faction with'' after he slipped off the rock bridge they were fighting on, because he felt he wouldn't have "truly" won the duel if he didn't.
--> '''Dinobot''': "I prefer to beat my opponents the old-fashioned way... Brutally!"
* Subverted in ''WesternAnimation/ReBoot''. Megabyte convinces Matrix to throw his gun away and "fight like a real sprite." This gets Megabyte PunchedAcrossTheRoom-- which leaves a ''dent'' in Megabyte's armored chest (cue OhCrap expression from Megabyte)-- and then tackled through a wall, at which point Megabyte pulls out his WolverineClaws. Then [=AndrAIa=] throws her trident at the two of them for Matrix to use.
* [[PlayingWithATrope Played with]] in ''WesternAnimation/StormHawks'', where the Guardians of Terra Rex live by a strict code of honor, and disparage the titular team for their rougher ways. Of course, this idea then gets the Red Guardians in trouble when they expect ''the bad guys'' to live up to this code, and hand over a powerful crystal to them...
--> '''Rex Guardian''': He gave his word! He is honor bound!\\
'''The Dark Ace''': [[AvertedTrope Honor is overrated.]] The Cyclonian invasion force is preparing as we speak.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSuperHeroSquadShow'': Wolverine and Reptil played a game of golf against MODOK and Abomination for a fractal. [[spoiler:The villains lost and subverted the trope when they decided to take the fractal by force anyway and lie about it]].
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'': Fairies and Anti-Fairies warred for the right to have godchildren until they decided to use some less violent way to settle this. They eventually agreed to hold a cooking contest every thousand years with MotherNature as the judge.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'' episode "Betrothed", Starfire challenges Blackfire for the throne of Tamaran, which Blackfire gladly accepts. Robin is about to help, but Galfore quickly tells him not to; helping either combatant in this type of fight results in her being disqualified. (And given that Starfire is Galfore's ward, he likely wanted to help even more than Robin did.) Note that while Starfire fights fair in this fight, Blackfire clearly does ''not'', using an enchanted necklace that makes her nearly invulnerable. (Unfortunately, [[EvilGloating she makes the mistake of gloating and telling Starfire that]]; Starfire manages to grab hold of the necklace and crush it, then win the fight.)
* ''WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle'': Mr. Peabody helps the Marquis of Queensbury write the rules of boxing in an episode of his segment.
* ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'': In one of Bugs' confrontations with Yosemite Sam, he originally gets him to agree to this. It doesn't take long for him to get tired of it:
-->'''Yosemite Sam:''' "No more gentleman's stuff! From now on ya fights my way -- dirty!"
* ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'': In the episode "Jack vs. Aku," [[BigBad Aku]] proposes a one-on-one duel with Jack, with two conditions: Jack can't use his sword, and Aku can't use his superpowers. Aku holds his own for a while, but when Jack has him on the ropes, he quickly cheats, snatches Jack's sword, and tries to break it, only to find himself OutGambitted when the sword he breaks turns out to be fake; Jack was smart enough to anticipate that Aku would eventually break the rules, and thus stashed fake swords all over the place as decoys.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* All combat sports are filled with rules about what moves each combatant can perform and how the fight can take place, which moves the fight from assault to an athletic competition.
* Unlike most other sports leagues, in the UsefulNotes/NationalHockeyLeague. fighting is considered part of the game and does not result in an automatic suspension. Naturally, this means that fighting is a semi-regular occurrence, to the point where a set of unspoken rules of fighting, referred to as "The Code", developed between the players, and it is a serious no-no to break it.
* In societies where duels were allowed, there were rules governing conduct. However, these tended to apply mostly to pre- and post-duel scenarios: seconds, duel locations, that kind of thing. In the Renaissance-Early Industrial West, combat with rapiers and its descendents was an inelegant, brutal affair where grapples, chokes, hidden pistols, trips, gouges, and so on were all fair. For a long time, calling someone a "good fencer" was basically calling him a ruffian and murderer. In the East, the flowery, classy duels of cinema were no more real. And most of those gun-fighting duels of the American West were pure Hollywood as well. Duels with dueling pistols were often gamed heavily as well. What we today would consider an "honorable duel" was actually fairly rare, especially before the 19th century.
* The various [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_war Laws of war,]] governing the conduct of belligerent nations. The big ones are against ''perfidy'': While DressingAsTheEnemy is allowed, fighting while dressed so is not allowed. [[ShootTheMedicFirst Attacking a vehicle or building bearing the Red Cross or a related symbol]] is not allowed, as is using such for combat purposes (storing ammo, or the like). Attacking someone bearing a white flag is disallowed, as is [[ISurrenderSuckers using it falsely]]. This can be problematic when fighting those who are the worst kind of {{combat pragmatist}}s.
** Or, of course, against those who simply haven't heard of those conventions, either through isolation or willful ignorance of the world at large. Or, similarly, when the world at large is ignorant of the isolated culture's norms; history is utterly ''rife'' with instances of an "exploration" or "peace keeping" or whatever force ending up engaging in a full blown war of attrition because they didn't realize that, say, the native culture believed that drawing your weapon (not putting it away) was a sign of respect, or that insults and threats were considered "polite banter", etc.
** The Huruslahti Lottery in the Battle of Varkaus, Finnish Civil War 1918. The Reds pretended to surrender, and while the victorious Whites advanced over the Huruslahti bay ice, the Reds opened machine gun fire. Naturally the Whites were not amused at all. The Whites then made an all-out charge, crushing the Reds. Immediately after the battle, all Reds were ordered on line on the ice, and after the Whites had killed all the Red wounded, ''they shot every fifth man'', as "the lottery", on the line as vengeance. This illustrates why we have such rules in the first place, as one war crime is often used to justify another.
* North Africa in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII has a reputation for this partly because Rommel was a WorthyOpponent and partly because the only civilians were Bedouin whom neither party nor modern readers cared about.
* A French nobleman visiting England back in the 1700s wrote a pamphlet titled "The English Love of Fighting," in which he describes how all Brits of all classes and both genders would stop everything and watch a fight take place. If a dispute arose between two men regardless of their status, they would set aside their outerwear and anything on them and take to [[GoodOldFisticuffs bare-knuckle boxing]]. No one else would intervene, and the moment one brandished a weapon or cane to beat the other (most likely someone NOT British, for [[NoTrueScotsman no Englishman would think of it]]), the crowd would fall on the weapon-carrier for "cheating".