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[[caption-width-right:350:Left: [[Film/TheMightyDucks A film about a small-town hockey team's journey to stardom.]] Right: [[WesternAnimation/TheMightyDucks An animated series about hockey-playing duck superheroes.]]]]

->''"Get ready for the big-screen adaptation of the best-selling novel, that's got everything you love about the title -- and nothing else."''
-->-- '''WebVideo/HonestTrailers''' on ''Film/WorldWarZ''

This occurs when a derivative work (an adaptation, a remake, or [[ContinuityReboot a reimagining]]) is so different from the work it took its name from that the ''only thing'' actually tying it to the original work is the title. Occasionally this will expand to include character names and the setting.

This can happen when the work was originally intended as something completely different, but, being slightly similar to an existing franchise, it is changed to fit in that franchise, or it can be straight-up title hijack.

One of the things that can lead to this is the fact that established properties are ''much'' easier to get greenlit than original ideas. In some cases producers purchase franchise rights for the name alone, and slap it on their own original product as a way of getting it pushed through the studio system. VideoGame and CultClassic franchises are especially prone to being used this way by third parties with no other interest in the franchise, as they are often relatively cheap to buy or license for this purpose.

Many a CashCowFranchise has descended to this at least once. It may be considered the OddballInTheSeries.

''Important: This is '''not''' automatically TheyChangedItNowItSucks''. An In Name Only work [[TropesAreTools may well be decent, or even good (if not better)]], if it's assessed on its own merits rather than being measured by how faithful it is to the original work; in effect, the work in question is a ''{{Contested|Sequel}}'' AlternateContinuity or Adaptation.

If the work in question is not an attempted adaptation of another work, but merely sports a misleading name, that's a NonindicativeName. If the name used to be relevant but less or even not later, it is ArtifactTitle. If an adaptation continues after the original source material runs out, that's OvertookTheSeries. If multiple works share the same name but are unrelated, you have SimilarlyNamedWorks. If the "in name only" work is ''in continuity'' with the original, you have a DolledUpInstallment.

A good way to tell if an example is really this trope or just a bad adaptation: if one were to change the title to something else, would anyone understand that the work is supposed to be an adaptation? If the answer is "no", then the adaptation is this trope.[[note]]Changing character names is not necessary for the test; there is always the possibility of coincidence, or of ShoutOutThemeNaming.[[/note]] See also OldGuardVersusNewBlood. A TransplantedCharacterFic may often feel like this.

Contrast SerialNumbersFiledOff and SpiritualAdaptation[[note]]Which are basically In All ''But'' Name[[/note]], ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin, {{Expy}}.

!!Example subpages:

* [[InNameOnly/LiveActionFilms Films Live-Action]]
* InNameOnly/LiveActionTV
* InNameOnly/VideoGames
* InNameOnly/WesternAnimation

!!Other examples:

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* The manga ''VideoGame/BlueDragon Ral Grad'' has nothing in common with the ''VideoGame/BlueDragon'' video game or anime series, except for the presence of LivingShadow BondCreatures which themselves are very different in nature between sources.
* ''Anime/DancougarNova'' doesn't have a whole lot in common with the original ''Anime/{{Dancougar}}'', instead resembling ''Anime/{{Gravion}}'', another Masami Obari mecha anime.
* The anime adaptation of ''Manga/EatMan'' has very little to do with the original story other than Bolt Crank being the main character.
* ''Anime/GaikingLegendOfDaikuMaryu'' is a completely new story from ''{{Anime/Gaiking}}'', but reuses the mecha design of the {{Robeast}} Daiku Maryu, and the HumongousMecha Gaiking, as well as a couple of character names.
* This was the point of ''Anime/GalaxyAngel'', which turned a SpaceOpera into a GagSeries when the first game was delayed. See WriterRevolt.
* Subverted in ''Anime/GaReiZero''. The first episode introduces an entirely new crew of badass main characters, completely different from the ones in the [[Manga/GaRei manga]]. [[spoiler:The episode ends with Yomi appearing and [[KillEmAll taking them all out]].]] Turns out [[spoiler:the anime ''is'' related to the manga in that it centers around Yomi's StartOfDarkness]].
* ''Anime/GatchamanCrowds'' has most superficial elements of ''Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman'' stripped away in favor of thematic and series mythology-related similarities. Thus many old fans regard it as this.
* Despite its name, Creator/GoNagai's manga and anime and novel series ''Anime/GodMazinger'' has nothing to do with ''Anime/MazingerZ''. The characters, the setting and the plot are completely unrelated, and the HumongousMecha hardly looks like Mazinger. Apparently the similar title is due to it was intended to be ''Anime/MazingerZ'' sequel, but that concept was scrapped, and ''Anime/GreatMazinger'' and ''Anime/UFORoboGrendizer'' were created instead.
* ''Anime/IdolmasterXenoglossia'' retains ''some'' of the characters' personalities from the original video game, but changes... well, everything else.
* InUniverse example in ''{{Anime/Kochikame}}'': when a popular manga gets an anime adaptation, Ryotsu manages to change the adaption in such a way that the result is nothing more than an extended commercial.
* ''Manga/MagiLabyrinthOfMagic'' is very, ''very'' loosely based on ''Literature/TheArabianNights,'' but don't expect it to go further than some names and some [[FantasyCounterpartCulture vaguely Arabian/Persian settings]].
** The main character, Aladdin, does have a genie for a while (in a flute, not a lamp or ring), but instead of a random kinda-jerky street kid is an AllLovingHero ChildMage. He's also kind of a pervert, though, which actually ''does'' fit the original legend.
** His best friend Alibaba is [[spoiler:a prince]] desperate to liberate his home country. Instead of stealing from a group of forty thieves, he ''leads'' a group of thieves (who are JustLikeRobinHood, but {{Deconstructed}}) for a while. He has a (foster-)brother named Cassim who's a villain, as in the legend, but there aren't many similarities past that, story!Cassim being just greedy with anime!Cassim being a revolutionary firebrand.
** Scheherazade is the biggest example of this--instead of a clever girl telling stories to hold off an execution, she's a mysterious CourtMage of a [[FantasyCounterpartCulture Roman-esque empire]] who spearheads a war against a neighboring country.
* Masou Kishin Cybuster is this to ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWarsGaiden''. Some familiar names are part of this series. And a few familiar robots... and that's about as far as it goes. Three of the four heralds of the elemental lords don't even get a counterpart in the anime.
* Creator/OsamuTezuka's manga ''Manga/{{Metropolis}}'' is [[SuggestedBy "suggested" by]] Fritz Lang's ''Film/{{Metropolis}}'', in that Tezuka was inspired to write the manga by a single still image he saw from the film: that of a female robot being born. The two works have a few basic similarities, but they're coincidences--Tezuka hadn't seen the film, and didn't even know what it was about, when he wrote the manga.
** A 2001 anime film, also titled ''Anime/{{Metropolis}}'', is another, quite interesting case. It claims to be based on Tezuka's manga--even billing itself ''Osamu Tezuka's Metropolis''--but is in fact an odd mishmash of that manga, several ''other'' Tezuka mangas, ''and'' the Fritz Lang movie. The film mostly does its own thing, merely borrowing a lot of elements from those works, making this an In Name Only adaptation of an In Name Only adaptation!
* InUniverse, ''Manga/MobileSuitCrossboneGundam'' has a moment where one transfer student talks about the SpacePirates supposedly having a Gundam and another student remarks "These days, the media calls anything with two eyes and antennae a Gundam". A margin note from artist Yuichi Hasegawa reveals that Creator/YoshiyukiTomino (the creator of the ''Gundam'' franchise) specifically asked him to include this line.
* ''Anime/TheMysteriousCitiesOfGold'' was theoretically adapted from a novel (''The King's Fifth'', by [[Literature/IslandOfTheBlueDolphins Scott O'Dell]]) but has almost nothing in common with it. There are characters named Zia, Esteban, and Mendoza, and they are looking for the Cities of Gold; that is more or less where the similarities end. In the book, Esteban is a teenage mapmaker, Zia is a tough tomboy who volunteers to help the Spanish expedition, Mendoza is not a nice person, there are no medallions or hidden temples or puzzles or mysterious Olmecs at all, and so on.
* The television spinoff of ''Anime/NinjaScroll'': ''Anime/NinjaScrollTheSeries''.
* The anime adaption of Toshio Maeda's Nightmare Campus has almost nothing to do with the story of the manga, with the only similarities being that they both share characters called Masao, Esedess, Abe and Yuko.
* ''Manga/OsomatsuKun'' is about the misadventures of six rowdy brothers and their wacky cast of cohorts in Akatsuka Ward. ''Anime/OsomatsuSan'' more or less follows that description, but changes the brothers to [[{{NEET}} jobless]] [[ManChild manchildren]] , rids them of their sense of camaraderie and [[DivergentCharacterEvolution gives them all completely different personalities ]] and looks (which was their [[AlwaysIdenticalTwins primary joke]] back in the day), demoted all of the side characters (especially the former {{Breakout Character}}s Iyami and Chibita) and exaggerates ''their'' personalities, and [[GenreShift changes the style of humor.]] The only way you can tell it's a sequel is when they mention it or when they [[RecycledScript do a plot]] from the old series.
* The [[AnimeFirst manga adaptation]] of ''Anime/PrincessTutu'' has little to do with the show--the names of Ahiru's friends were changed, Ahiru isn't a duck, Mytho isn't really a prince, Drosselmeyer never appears, and the only animal is Professor Cat, for some unexplained reason. The most unrecognizable is Edel, who goes from being a quiet, mysterious woman in doll-like clothing and a huge updo to an [[GenkiGirl energetic mentor]] who wears slinky dresses and her hair down--oh, and just happens to be [[spoiler:the BigBad of the manga]]. The consensus among fans range from "It's sort of funny I guess..." to [[FanonDiscontinuity pretending it doesn't exist at all]].
* Despite the title and what the credits claim, ''Anime/RomeoXJuliet'' has nothing to do with Shakespeare's Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet aside of the characters' names (but not their personalities). The English version made use of some Shakespearean dialogue.
* ''Anime/TalesFromEarthsea'' only really borrowed a few ideas from the ''Earthsea'' books and made something completely different. [[http://www.ursulakleguin.com/GedoSenkiResponse.html LeGuin was NOT amused, meanwhile]] (but she was still (slightly) more amused by the anime movie than by the maligned [[Creator/{{Syfy}} Sci Fi Channel]] miniseries).
* ''Tama and Friends: Search for it! The Magic Puni-Puni Stone'' is technically this to the original ''Tama And Friends'' series. Not only did the series have a total genre shift, and a real villain was introduced into the series, but the characters now live in a fantasy world and are more like petting zoo people compared to the original series where they're largely normal animals. And oh, it's now animated by a South Korean company.
* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'':
** ''Anime/TenchiMuyoWarOnGeminar'' has extremely loose connections to the Tenchi franchise. The main character, Kenshi, is said to be Tenchi's younger half-brother, but that's the closest it gets. In fact, the series' title in Japan was ''Saint Knight's Tale'', and was created by Masaki Kajishima as a very loose spinoff to his Tenchi franchise. Creator/FUNimation changed the title for marketing purposes and to better establish it as a part of the Tenchi series.
** ''Anime/TenchiMuyoGXP'' also has very loose connections to the main series, though not nearly as badly. Tenchi himself only appears in a single episode, despite still being the title character. No other original Tenchi character appears outside that episode. Though the show itself is about the Galaxy Police, which is an important part of the original Tenchi series.
** ''Tenchi Forever'' bore little resemblance to the light novel that inspired it. It also takes place in the same universe as ''Tenchi Universe'' instead of the original [=OVAs=].
** ''Anime/SasamiMagicalGirlsClub'' has almost nothing to do with the ''Magical Girl Pretty Sammy'' or ''Magical Project S'' series that inspired it, except for a magical girl named Sasami, and appearances of a couple Tenchi characters in drastically different roles.
* ''Anime/{{Voltron}}'' fans back in the day felt this way when the Lion series ended and they first saw Vehicle Voltron.[[note]]In hispanic countries, the reaction was inverted since the Vehicle series aired first.[[/note]] The reason for this is because it is actually a DolledUpInstallment of a completely unrelated anime series.
* ''Manga/HadesProjectZeorymer'' -- originally a {{hentai}} manga. The title mech and the name of a female character are the only thing the manga and anime share.
* ''Anime/BrigadoonMarinAndMelan'': Is inspired by the Theatre/{{Brigadoon}} play, but the only thing they have in common is a VanishingVillage. It's in Japan instead of Scotland, the protagonist is a teenage school, girl instead of male hunters, there's robots, etc.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Some of the characters in ''Toys/AmeComiGirls'' (a DC comics {{Elseworld}} series derived from a statue line featuring DC female characters, and gender-flipped versions of male characters, redesigned in an anime-influenced style). For instance, [[ComicBook/InfinityInc Jade]] goes from being the daughter of the [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] Franchise/GreenLantern to a blind [[RaceLift Chinese]] teenager. She ends up being chosen as the new Green Lantern of Earth, rather than being born with her powers like the original Jade.
* The second ''Bloodstrike'' team is made up of longtime team leader Cabbot Stone, and {{Legacy Character}}s to his original teammates. The legacies have ''very'' little in common with the originals in terms of powers, personalities, and costumes, but share their codenames. For instance, whereas the original Tag was a woman with the ability to freeze enemies in place, the new Tag is a woman with super speed. In-universe there's no explanation for this, but writer Tim Seeley went on record as saying that it just didn't feel right to have Bloodstrike without Deadlock, Shogun, Fourplay, and Tag, even if they were new characters.
* The ''ComicBook/ChallengersOfTheUnknown'' keep being reinvented. In the 1991 miniseries by Creator/JephLoeb and Tim Sale Prof was dead, Rocky was an alcoholic, Ace was Comicbook/DoctorStrange and Red was Franchise/{{Rambo}}. The 1996 series by Steven Grant introduced an entirely new team, as did the 2004 miniseries by Creator/HowardChaykin. And in the ComicBook/{{New 52}}, Creator/DanDiDio creates a group of nine characters with the names of the original and 1996 Challengers, but none of the personalities.
* Michael Fleisher's run on ''ComicBook/HarlemHeroes'' was focused on a gang of convicts caught up in a conspiracy to assassinate the President, rather than the sport of Aeroball from the original strip. In fact, the only reason that the name came up in story was due to the games being played in prison and the skill of the protagonists at Aeroball.
* There's an {{Animesque}} [[http://robot6.comicbookresources.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/luluzinhateen002.jpg Brazilian spin off]] of ''ComicStrip/LittleLulu'' where the characters in question are teens. The plot is basically a generic teen SliceOfLife (with some drama here and there) with characters whose only similarities with the original are their names. And the original cartoons produced by Creator/FamousStudios in the 1940s bore almost no resemblance to the comics, keeping only the title character Lulu (though [[DemotedToExtra some of her friends did appear in a few shorts. Very few though.]]).
* ComicBook/NovasAventurasDeMegaman was a Brazilian comic attempting to place the characters in an AfterTheEnd scenario where Dr. Wily managed to TakeOverTheWorld. Beyond the general appearance of the characters, though, there wasn't much left tying it to the video games. Radically altered backstories, personality changes and Roll's increased importance are the most obvious changes compared to the games.
* [[Comicbook/SilentHill Scott Ciencin's comic book adaptations]] of Franchise/SilentHill. As [[WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall Linkara]] put it, all the adaptations with Ciencin's name on them share is the name of the town and a monster list. Those comics are a prime example of the writer completely missing the point of the source material.
* Many of the characters in Marvel's ''Noir'' series of {{Elseworld}}s are notably different from their mainstream continuity counterparts:
** Of particular note is Dr. Otto Octavius, one of the primary antagonists of ''Comicbook/SpiderManNoir: Eyes Without a Face''. ''Noir'''s version of the character is a sickly, emaciated, wheelchair-bound neurologist. He's a white South African, a Nazi sympathizer, and heir to a large fortune. His actions are motivated by racism. The only thing he has in common with mainline Dr. Octopus is the use of mechanical arms, in this case surgical aids attached to his chair.
** In ''X-Men Noir'', there aren't even mutants. Instead, Professor Xavier has a theory that TheUnfettered are the next stage of human evolution, leading to an entire team of non-powered [[TheSociopath Sociopaths]] that share names and a couple of character traits with the mutant heroes.
* This trope is a deliberate unifying premise in DC's "Creator/TangentComics" line and the "ComicBook/{{Just Imagine Stan Lee|CreatingTheDCUniverse}} " series. Unlike {{Elseworld}}s, which is a re-imagining of a DC character that usually retains most of the core elements, Tangent and Just Imagine attach the existing names to completely different characters with different powers, costumes, origins, appearances, and personalities -- the latter having been co-designed by Stan Lee. Usually, the only common element is that they're metahumans in a modern setting.
* In the foreword to the ''Franchise/WonderWoman'' Trade Paperback "Gods and Mortals", George Perez mentions that there were several proposals for the ComicBook/PostCrisis reboot of Wonder Woman, some of which had nothing in common with the original but the name. See also the "powerless superspy" phase from the early-to-mid 70s.
* Back in the early 2000s, Creator/{{Marvel|Comics}} decided to radically revamp two titles -- ''Comicbook/XForce'' and ''Comicbook/{{Thunderbolts}}''. ''X-Force'' went from the exploits of a mutant paramilitary team to the exploits of a mutant celebrity superhero team obsessed with fame. The title was well-received (and rebranded as ''ComicBook/XStatix''), partially because it inverted the whole "hated and feared" aspect of mutant culture. ''Thunderbolts'', on the other hand, went from the tales of a team of former supervillains seeking redemption to following an underground fight ring centered around C-list villains. This change was much less well-received.
* DC Comics created several characters during UsefulNotes/{{the Golden Age|OfComicBooks}}, but by the end of WWII the interest in superheroes died down, and most titles (except Superman and Batman) were closed or moved to other genres. The [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] began with the relaunch of Franchise/TheFlash... besides the name and the speed, Barry Allen had nothing in common with Jay Garrick. The same thing was done with Franchise/GreenLantern, Comicbook/{{Hawkman}}, and others. But the prize goes to Comicbook/TheAtom, who went from a rough-and-tumble boxer who was kinda short to a physicist who could shrink to subatomic size.
** Though in this case, things were {{retcon}}ned twice. The first time, it was revealed that the Golden Age characters lived on [[AlternateUniverse Earth-2]], while UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|OfComicBooks}} characters lived on Earth-1.
** The second time it was retconned to fit into the new continuity created by Comicbook/CrisisOnInfiniteEarths. Alan Scott, for instance, was revealed to have received his power from the Starheart, an artifact created by the Guardians of the Universe (i.e., the same guys who made the Franchise/GreenLantern rings), and Jay Garrick and Barry Allen were later revealed to both have received their power from the "speed force".
** Since DC's business theory (such as it is) is about hanging onto trademarks as long as possible, they have a long history of reusing names in some odd fashion or another. Such as the 1940's superhero Johnny Thunder, the 1950's cowboy Johnny Thunder, and the 1980's noir detective Jonni Thunder. Or all those unrelated characters named Comicbook/{{Starman}}. This often leads to the point where a story tries to [[ArcWelding reconcile these different incarnations somehow]].
* Marvel did the same thing with the [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Human Torch]]. The original 1930's incarnation was an ArtificialHuman who would burst into flames whenever he was exposed to oxygen, while UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}} ([[AdaptationDisplacement and far better known]]) version was a human teenager who received flame abilities from [[NegativeSpaceWedgie cosmic radiation]].
** Also ComicBook/TheVision. The Golden Age Vision was an alien police officer from another dimension. The new Vision introduced in ''Comicbook/TheAvengers'' during the 60's was a {{Ridiculously Human Robot|s}} created by Ultron. The only thing the two have in common is the recycled name and similar costumes.
** Angel. The Golden Age Angel? A Batman-like BadassNormal with tights and a cape. The Silver Age Angel? A wealthy {{mutant}} teenager with [[WingedHumanoid large, bird-like wings jutting out of his back]].
** And Golden Girl. The original Golden Age version was a white BadassNormal and ComicBook/CaptainAmerica's love interest. The new version introduced in Comicbook/TheInvaders during the 70's was a Japanese-American teenager with the ability to fire concussive {{Hand Blast}}s.
* When Creator/VertigoComics publish a series that shares a name with a Creator/DCComics property, that, and a few loose concepts, will be ''all'' it shares (with a few exceptions, such as ''ComicBook/AnimalMan'', ''ComicBook/SwampThing'', and ''ComicBook/DoomPatrol''). The most extreme example (if you don't count ''ComicBook/{{TheSandman}}'', which did at least feature the original character in two brief cameos) was ''Beware ComicBook/TheCreeper!'' which was about a 1920s Parisian surrealist who wore a costume vaguely similar to Jack Ryder's.
* ''ComicBook/{{Runaways 2015}}'':
** The series being released during the ''ComicBook/SecretWars2015'' storyline, while ostensibly inspired by the CultClassic ''ComicBook/{{Runaways}}'' series, features only one member of the original cast, and has a very different plot.
** Most of the ''Secret Wars'' storylines go in a vastly different direction from the original storylines they're named after, while still sharing ''some'' connection with the original stories. Take Planet Hulk for example: the original storyline is about the Hulk being launched into space and landing on a wartorn planet, while the Secret Wars tie in is about [[ComicBook/CaptainAmerica Steve Rogers]] and Devil Dinosaur traveling through a Hulk-populated wasteland.
* The ComicBook/AllNewAllDifferentMarvel relaunch of ''The Illuminati''. Previously the Illuminati was a team of heroes who tried to police and protect the world in secret, and they eventually had a villainous counterpart in Norman Osborn's Cabal. The ANADM series focuses on a group of villains brought together by the Hood to protect villains from heroes.
* ''Everything'' about Bart Allen from the New 52 compared to his previous incarnation. The original Bart Allen was Impulse/Kid Flash II, and was Barry Allen's FunPersonified grandson from the future. He had Thawne blood in him and used the Speed Force for his powers, and consistently worked with the Flash (Wally West, his cousin). The New 52 Bart Allen is revealed to be a kid named Barr Tor from the future (Bart Allen being an alias) and is in no way related to Barry Allen and does not use the Speed Force. He's the ''first'' Kid Flash, despite having never, ''ever'' worked with the Flash to any degree. And he goes from FunPersonified to DarkerAndEdgier with a backstory of how he started a galactic war, and he is eventually put on trial for war crimes.
* ''ComicBook/XMenPhoenixLegacyOfFire'' is a X-Men series that doesn't really share many things in common with X-Men and its themes: firstly, the characters are {{demihuman}}s from another dimension instead of {{mutants}}; secondly, while many names and terms are familiar they aren't necessarily the same (the main protagonist Jena Pyre is intended to be ComicBook/JeanGrey with Madelyne being her older sister instead of her clone and the comic's setting is named Limbo after Belasco's domain in the mainstream continuity) and lastly, despite the team's name in the title, they aren't actually featured in the comic and has absolutely no relation with X-Men from the Manga/MarvelMangaverse, which is the same continuity that ''Legacy of Fire'' belongs to.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Generally a fairly common occurrence in fanfiction. Especially, see also TransplantedCharacterFic, which aims to transplant the original work's characters into a completely different setting, and in the process often ends up changing the characters themselves beyond recognition.
* ''WebAnimation/BartTheGeneral'' has very few characters from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''[[note]]Homer (who starts being called "Omarn" around Episode 3), Bart (who starts being called "Berton" around Episode 2), Marge, Ned Flanders, Mr. Burns, and Smithers appear. Lisa (who is green for some reason), Rod, and Todd also cameo in the first episode only to die. Millhouse is referred to but never actually appears[[/note]] and is generally nothing like the show. This becomes more noticeable in Episodes 2 and 3, which show that the world of Springfield -- er, ''Duckberg'' -- is completely different and filled with bizarre side-characters. The plot is instead something about [[Series/{{Neighbours}} Toadfish and Stonefish]] coming in to Springfield to "take over," [[Series/HouseMD Dr. House]] falling out of a living airplane, and some... cult-thing ran by a purple jaguar killing people over a video tape Bart/Berton made of Marge in the shower. It could very well involve completely original characters and still make the same amount of sense it does. [[MindScrew Which is to say, very little.]]
* ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' gradually devolves into what may as well be an original story with some characters who coincidentally share their names with characters from ''ComicStrip/CalvinAndHobbes''.
* [[http://spoon300.deviantart.com/gallery/31302955 Doctor Who: The Manga]]
* The works of ''Creator/HansVonHozel'' often do this almost literally, since some only reference the title of the work they are based on.
** His ''Manga/{{Gravitation}}'' and ''Film/TheDayAfterTomorrow'' fics are particularly blatant examples.
** His ''Film/RushHour'' fic is actually about the ''board game'' of the same name.
** Also, his ''Film/AcrossTheUniverse'' fics are essentially about wars between the Beatles (who can only say "Liverpol") and ABBA.
* The only thing tying mauroz's ''Webcomic/FriendshipIsMagic'' series with [[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic the show it is based on]] is the name of the comic series and characters, bringing it closer to a MagicalGirl manga.
* ''Fanfic/FriendshipIsMagicalGirls'' is an In Name Only version of mauroz's comic. Despite sharing a similar premise ({{Magical Girl}}s) and a similar name, it is entirely different. When confronted about it, the author claims that he wanted "to do something a bit different than Mauroz's magical girl comic strip".
* Also, while we're in the topic of this, do not confuse ''[[WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyEquestriaGirls Equestria Girls]]'' with ''{{WebAnimation/EQUESTRIA GIRLS}}'' (yes, it is in all caps). The two [[StylisticSuck very clearly]] do not have anything to do with each other, apart from the characters.
* ''FanFic/HomestuckHigh'' bears very little resemblance to the original Homestuck, with the only thing even remotely related to the alleged source material being the character names and the title of the fic itself, and after the first chapter has nothing to do with high school.
* Taken UpToEleven with ''Fanfic/MyBravePonyStarfleetMagic''.
* [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/7444084 Robo Bando]] is this to ''Manga/ElfenLied''.
* "New Universe Three: The Friendship Virus" by Chatoyance manages to simultaneously be a ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' fanfiction ''and'' a ''[[Fanfic/TheConversionBureau Conversion Bureau]]'' story in name only.
** Ponies are not present except for a few offhand mentions of the show itself.
** The eponymous bureaus of ''The Conversion Bureau'' are not present and there is no [[{{Animorphism}} human-to-pony transformation]]. Instead, the bureau is a bioterrorist group inspired by [=MLP:FiM=] to engineer and release a SyntheticPlague that feminizes men.
* About everything written by Creator/PeterChimaera falls into this category. Off course, this is to be expected, as Chimeara is known for his intentional poor grasp of the source material he writes about. Highlights include:
** His [[Fanfic/PeterChimaerasDigimonTrilogy trilogy of Digimon fanfics]]. None of the characters and concepts of the real ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' franchise appear or are mentioned in these stories. In fact, the only thing related to Digimon is the name, but even that is improperly used, as Peter Chimaera uses it for a single character, rather than a collective term for multiple species of digital beings, as it is in the real franchise.
** His ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' fanfic really takes this trope literally. In an authors note, Chimaera tells the reader that someone requested him to write a Cowboy Bebop fanfic. But because he never watched the anime, he instead decided to write about Bebop from ''Franchise/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles'' taking on the role of a cowboy, making this a literal Cowboy Bebop fanfic.
* The much-loved ''Fanfic/ThirtyHs'' bears no resemblance to ''Literature/HarryPotter'' aside from a few character names, and even those are often altered.
* Basically every single character in ''Fanfic/HogwartsSchoolOfPrayerAndMiracles'', but the Dursleys and Voldemort are some of the most glaringly obvious examples. (The Dursleys are a nice, loving family, Petunia is a career-woman, and Voldemort is [[spoiler:an internet-troll mocking atheist stereotypes by deliberately posting exaggerated versions of them on his Reddit-account.]])
* ''The Last Brony: Kingdom Hearts With a Black Sora'' is almost nothing like ''VideoGame/KingdomHearts''. Black Sora and Black Riku have the same names as their original counterparts, but they are otherwise completely different characters. The Heartless and Keyblade do make an appearance, but they have very little effect on the plot. And the "similarities" end there.
* Creator/CallistoHime 's two Zelda/Fire Emblem crossovers, ''Time Cannot Erase'' and ''Among the Ashes'', are this in regards to the Fire Emblem saga, as her portrayal of the characters and nations are completely off. This is mostly due to the fact that at the time of the writing her knowledge of Fire Emblem was limited only to the info in Super Smash Bros.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* The 1997 animated film ''WesternAnimation/{{Anastasia}}'' was supposedly "based on" the play by Marcel Maurette. Creator/DonBluth turned it into a musical with Rasputin as an undead sorcerer with a talking bat sidekick, among other changes (the play had already been faithfully adapted to a 1956 film starring Yul Brynner and Ingrid Bergman).
* ''WesternAnimation/BarbieAsRapunzel'' has little to do with the actual Rapunzel story except for having a girl named Rapunzel, a witch, and a tower. The famous "let down your hair" scene is relegated to a dream. Instead, the focus is placed on a magic paintbrush.
* Lampshaded in Creator/WaltDisney's original ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}'' in the Nutcracker Suite segment. The narrator says "You won't see any nutcracker on the screen. There's nothing left of him but the title."
* ''Anime/FinalFantasyTheSpiritsWithin'' is a noted example. Direct sequels notwithstanding, the ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' games all take place in different settings, but at least have some shared elements: fantasy worlds (with {{steampunk}} and bits and pieces of sci-fi increasingly mixed in for later games), heavy use of magic, swordplay, revolutionaries, tyrannical political institutions, series mainstay creatures like Chocobos, etc. Unlike the high fantasy settings of the games, the film was set in a distantly futuristic Earth, one that had essentially none of these mainstay elements.
* ''Disney/TheFoxAndTheHound''. How Walt Disney Studios managed to look at [[Literature/TheFoxAndTheHound what reads like a fictionalized documentary about the life and times of a mongrel hunting dog and a human-reared wild fox who live through bear hunts, rabies epidemics, and the rise of suburbia among other things]] and thought it would make a wonderful talking animals musical about racism is a mystery for the ages.
* ''{{Disney/Frozen}}'' is an interesting {{Aversion}}--it would be this sort of adaptation of ''Literature/TheSnowQueen,'' except they wound up changing the title anyway. (Both have a character who could be called a "Snow Queen," but the movie has her as a RandomlyGifted human instead of TheFairFolk, and the plots are completely different.) The credits say that it's InspiredBy the fairy tale instead.
* The Creator/{{DreamWorks|Animation}} [[WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon adaptation]] of ''Literature/HowToTrainYourDragon''. While some character names are the same, the plot and setting is otherwise completely different. (An article linked to on [[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} The Other Wiki]] said the new directors found the original story too "sweet and whimsical")
* Disney's ''Disney/TheJungleBook'' bears little resemblance to [[Literature/TheJungleBook Kipling's original]] except for a few character names and the basic premise of a boy RaisedByWolves. To Wit:
** It turned Kaa into a literal SmugSnake, Baloo into a hedonist, and Bagheera into something of a godfather.
** Mowgli is changed from a NobleSavage to a BrattyHalfPint.
** At one point in the Kipling stories, Kaa the python hypnotizes a troupe of monkeys into becoming his helpless (ahem) dinner guests; later on, Mowgli singes Shere Khan's fur with a burning branch, and when that fails to get rid of him, Mowgli and the wolves stampede a herd of water-buffalo over him. As if that wasn't enough, in the story "Red Dog", Mowgli causes the marauding dogs of the title to be attacked by millions of angry bees; those who survive this by jumping into the river are attacked by Mowgli with a knife, and any that are left must then face Mowgli and his enraged wolf pack. Incidentally, Mowgli does most of this while he's naked. It should come as no surprise that none of this (save the part where Mowgli fights Shere Khan with a burning branch) makes it into the Disney version.
** Hathi is a bumbling but benevolent ModernMajorGeneral, rather than the heavily scarred, human-hating ShellShockedVeteran from the stories.
** Shere Khan is a suave and dangerous badass, rather than the crippled but occasionally dangerous shadow of a once great predator from the book.
** King Louie is an original character; the monkeys in the book, called ''Bandar-log'', have no leader. [[note]] In fact, Louie has no right to be there in the first place, since [[MisplacedWildlife there are no orangutans in India]]. [[/note]] The vultures aren't present in the book either; the most prominent bird character is Chil the Kite.
** The pronunciation of Mowgli's name is entirely wrong -- the first syllable is supposed to rhyme with "cow," as Kipling himself suggested, rather than with "crow," as Disney's version does.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheKingAndI'' incorporates many of the original songs and characters from [[Theater/TheKingAndI the Rodgers and Hammerstein play of the same name]] that it was based on, but in trying to be kid-friendly introduced many plot elements, comic relief, and supporting characters that made it jarringly dissimilar from the play. There's now a villainous subplot by [[EvilChancellor Kralahome]] to take over the Kingdom of Siam, evil wizardry, a generic teenage romance, and annoyingly cute animal sidekicks. Fans of the play and moviegoers alike did not take kindly to this version and [[DisownedAdaptation the estates of Rodgers and Hammerstein pulled all support for anymore animated films based on the duo's works]].
* ''Disney/TheLionKing'', though not officially billed as an adaptation, has a story based on ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' according to WordOfGod. However, even aside from the replacement of Danish noblemen with animated lions, it has no more than a few generic plot points in common with Shakespeare's play, and ends up as far removed from the play's notorious KillEmAll ending as the all-animal African setting is from Elizabethan England.
* While it's more of a spinoff of the ''Franchise/{{Shrek}}'' series, ''WesternAnimation/PussInBoots'' has very little to do with [[Literature/PussInBoots the original fairy tale]]. The only thing the two have in common is that there is a talking cat that wears boots.
* ''WesternAnimation/SinbadLegendOfTheSevenSeas'' has nothing whatsoever to do with the stories about Literature/SinbadTheSailor other than featuring a character named Sinbad who happens to be a sailor. Further, it removes "Sinbad" from the original story's Literature/ArabianNights background and places him in a completely Greek setting - probably because, this having been 2003, the producers felt that it was TooSoon after 9/11 for an Arab hero (which is pretty stupid, like thinking it would be offensive to have a character from Oklahoma in a movie released just after the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing).
* The ''Franchise/DisneyFairies'' Tinker Bell movies were extremely different from the books in that they got rid of most of the book characters altogether and completely changed the personalities of all those who were left (including the titular character). Examples include Clarion, who stopped going by a nickname and used her full name and title instead, and who stayed out of the majority of the action, unlike the books. Vidia became a main character and her major Jerkass moments were excluded, making her a much sweeter person. It also got rid of the plot of the books in favor of more family friendly stories and gave Tinker Bell a much nicer personality, removing her snark, and a twin sister.
* Aside from the names, ''Disney/BigHero6'' has very little in common with the comics it's inspired by, including {{Race Lift}}ing the entire team and moving the setting from Japan to the fictional city of [[{{Americasia}} San Fransokyo]].

* The author of the ''{{Literature/Alatriste}}'' novels, Arturo Pérez-Reverte, related in an interview his encounter with two screenwriters who wanted to "adapt" his character for the movie screen. Their proposal was to toss both plot and historical reality aside and make instead a drama about the relationship between Alatriste and the Queen of Spain (a person he never interacts with in the books), who would be revealed to have grown up in poverty with Alatriste before making it big and becoming queen.
* For various reasons, the ''Series/DoctorWho'' story ''The Massacre'' had to be heavily rewritten by script editor Donald Tosh from John Lucarotti's original scripts, so much so that Lucarotti actually asked to have his name taken off the screened episodes. When he came to write the novelisation, Lucarotti took the opportunity to tell the story he'd wanted to tell in the first place, rather than the one that was aired. It has only a passing resemblance to the TV story.
* ''Literature/{{Edgedancer}}'' (a novella of ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive''): An in-universe variety with Tashikk. Technically, it's part of the Azir Empire; in practice, they're off doing their own thing and only get in line with the rest of the Empire when they feel like it.
* Dacre Stoker's book ''Dracula: The Un-Dead'' is a case of the trope being applied to the concept of the book being an "authorised" sequel, as Dracula has been in the public domain for more than a century in both the US and it's country of origin. As such ''anyone'' can create their own take on Dracula's story, including the creation of sequels. There also some who believe that, given how much the book changed from the original novel, that the book itself also qualifies for the trope in general.

* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yB615_Ksvd0 Alice Deejay - The Lonely One (Airscape remix)]]. The only connection is that Airscape also co-produced [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5eIrLsOdew the original version]].
* The 2008 reformation of Captain Jack bears no resemblance musically to their predecessors. (Francisco Gutierrez, the original FaceOfTheBand, passed away in 2005)
* Music/AphexTwin has said that some of his "remixes" for other acts were done without even ''listening'' to the originals, let alone ''using'' any part of them. He's probably not the only remixer who's done this, but most wouldn't admit to it. If you enjoy Aphex's work then it probably isn't going to make much difference to you whether he uses any of the originals or not.
* Music/BringMeTheHorizon is an interesting example. The lineup has been largely the same, but their first album ''Count Your Blessings'' is a {{deathcore}} album that sounds ''nothing'' like their material after shifting to {{metalcore}}. They became one of the most respected metalcore acts, so what's their next natural step? Abandon it completely for a {{nu metal}}[=-=]influenced electronic rock sound fit for mainstream rock radio. If you showed someone who never heard their music without any context, would they ever guess that the same band that made [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AWggPLXeOkU this]] would be the same band that made [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJEahE-4juQ this]], who in turn would make ''[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ow_qI_F2ZJI this?]]'' Didn't think so.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bX-PoUAqNY0 Cygnus X's remix]] of [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bXFwOjm0_MU The Art of Trance - Madagascar]], which is the basis for most subsequent remixes, uses almost no material from the original version.
* Music/DirEnGrey is a particularly interesting case; while the band's lineup hasn't changed since its inception, [[NewSoundAlbum every other album sounds like it's been done by a different band]]. Yep, the same guys who wrote the VisualKei CultClassic ''Gauze'' are the exact same guys who wrote the TechnicalDeathMetal album ''Dum Spiro Spero''.
** That's not all. They've rearranged many of their older songs in their new style; while some are simply rerecorded with minimal alteration, much of the older material have been entirely rewritten.
* The Meat Puppets' ''Golden Lies'' was originally intended to be an entirely new Curt Kirkwood project called Royal Neanderthal Orchestra, hence his being the only original member of the band involved. As with the Red House Painters example, this is because he couldn't get the label to put the album out without the Meat Puppets name attached to it. ''Golden Lies'' was at least in a similar style to what the Meat Puppets had been doing in the mid-90's, albeit with a somewhat heavier sound and the curious addition of some RapRock influences. This lineup of the band also put out a LiveAlbum that was a mix of ''Golden Lies'' material and older Meat Puppets songs.
* The group Gregorian is closest to its namesake in that it's a choral group. Their music involves harmony and full instrumentation, neither of which are involved in true Gregorian chanting.
* Music/GunsNRoses. Actually, they have been since 1985, two months after LA Guns and Hollywood Rose merged, when Axl Rose fired all the former LA Guns members (making the name of the band confusing) and replaced them with Slash, Duff [=McKagan=], and Steven Adler. And now it is ''that'' band In Name Only, because, except for FaceOfTheBand Rose, everyone in that lineup left the band by 1997; and besides, the band's style shifted more toward industrial metal than plain old hard rock.
* Outside of the similar title and chorus, "Washingtons By Your Side" from ''Music/TheHamiltonMixtape'' has no relation to ''Theatre/{{Hamilton}}'''s "Washington On Your Side," since it is centered around the lack of respect people give Wiz Khalifa because of his success instead of the Democratic-Republicans' anger at Alexander Hamilton.
* The reformation of Hole... with only Music/CourtneyLove as an original member. Her former partner [[http://grungereport.net/?p=30 was highly critical.]]
* A rare case of a singer In Name Only-ing his own song. Ike Reilly's "Duty Free" was covered by Cracker. Reilly then re-wrote the song, keeping only the opening line and part of the chorus the same for his album "Salesmen and Racists."
* Music/InsanePoetry was once a group consisting of three rappers and a DJ. One of the rappers, Cyco, continues to release music under the name Insane Poetry even though the group has disbanded.
* Music/MagicAffair's take on "Bohemian Rhapsody", made for the ''Music/{{Queen}} Dance Traxx'' [[CoverAlbum Tribute Album]], is essentially an instrumental piece, with a sample of Freddie Mercury singing the original song's first line being played several times at one point. You might also recognize a hook as part of the original song's background music. Well, that's pretty much it. And since we're at it, Magic Affair normally does eurodance and does employ vocalists.
* The main version of Mr. Freeman's "I Feel So Good" is him singing a reggae pop song or something along those lines, while the Seven Gemini Remix is him rapping over an urban beat. They don't appear to have anything in common except for prominently including the phrase "I feel so good".
* Music/{{Queen}} + Paul Rodgers on ''The Cosmos Rocks''. Might as well have been called 'Paul Rodgers, and two ex-members of Queen were at the studio that day'.
* Music/RedHousePainters' fifth album, ''Songs For A Blue Guitar'' was originally supposed to be a solo Mark Kozelek effort, but when 4AD dropped Kozelek and his project and he got picked up by Island Records, he was pressured into renaming it to a Red House Painters effort. What listeners were treated to was something so vastly removed from the nightmarish, stark textures of the first 4 albums that the album was only lukewarmly received at first. Many were a little jarred to hear Mark suddenly singing slightly more upbeat, borderline SouthernRock songs with some minor folk influences. The album has warmed up in overall opinion, though.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h7JZTLfntKI This is Steve Nalepa's "Monday".]] And [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VtnVduIY75Y this is The Glitch Mob's remix of it.]] Other than the riff at the beginning, the two have very little in common.
* The English versions of Music/{{tatu}}'s Russian songs (sometimes).
* Music/{{Underworld}}'s [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Fr1x-N3-k8 "Born Slippy"]] and [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlLWFa1b1Bc "Born Slippy.NUXX"]] are two completely different songs. The latter became much more popular, [[SongAssociation due to being featured in the film]] ''Literature/{{Trainspotting}}''.
* Most Music/VelvetUnderground fans consider ''Squeeze'' to be this, especially since none of the original members - especially core songwriter Lou Reed - play on it.
* All remixes of The Vengaboys - Kiss (When The Sun Don't Shine), the best known of which is the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMSzK-K38eQ&feature=fvst Airscape remix]].
* The "Inferno Mix" of Xorcist's "Scorched Blood" sounds nothing like the original.
* Music/{{Yes}} had a particularly bizarre example, where after a complicated series of membership changes, there existed a band named Yes consisting of original members Chris Squire and Tony Kaye, along with Alan White, drummer since 1973. Their sound was sleek '80s radio-friendly pop-rock. Meanwhile, the band ''Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe'', made up entirely of ex-Yes members, essentially was classic 1970s Yes [[InvertedTrope in everything ''but'' name.]] Their tour was called "An Evening of Yes Music Plus," but they couldn't call themselves Yes, despite being closer to the band's prog roots and original sound than the official Yes.
* Many bands where none of the founding members exist, yet the band is still going qualify.
* Any instrumental mix of a song which remains credited to the original singer, even when that person had no artistic input beyond their singing in the first place (which, of course, no longer appears!) Examples might include [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UMDnA--eocc this]] vocal-less mix of Music/KylieMinogue's early hit "I Should Be So Lucky" (back when she was still a puppet of the Stock Aitken Waterman "hit factory"); she neither wrote, nor apparently appears on this mix of the song, but it's still credited to her.\\
This goes as far back as the 50s. Calypso singers would normally be backed by a jazz orchestra, and backing tracks would be recorded in advance. Sometimes, the singer would not get round to voicing a track in time for its inclusion on an album or single, so the song would be released as an instrumental. If it was filler on an album it would be credited to the singer, if it was a single track, the orchestra would normally be credited on their own. Lord Melody was infamous for this because he often missed deadlines by being in other countries recording for other record labels.\\
Ska, rocksteady and reggae artists of the 60s and 70s also did this sort of thing, leading to at least one mistake on a Bob Marley And The Wailers box set "Man To Man" where the song Mellow Skank, an instrumental track by The Hippy Boys(a group that featured several members of The Wailers backing band but none of the singer-songwriters) was included. The song was actually an instrumental of a song called Talk Of The Town by Glen Adams.
* Since the 1980s (if not earlier), there have been numerous cases of musical groups legally (and sometimes illegally) using the name of a well-known rock and roll or pop group, even though the group in question has no original members. This has been a sore spot for years with original group members, especially those who wish to continue performing under their original name, only to find "imposter" groups holding the name rights. (Note: naming groups impacted by this would violate the "No Real Life Examples" rule on this page, so please do not add names here).
* In Brainbug's "Nightmare (Sinister Strings Mix)", the only vestige left of the [[AdaptationDisplacement forgotten]] original mix is the DreamMelody from the breakdown. The rest of the original was a piano trance tune in the style of Robert Miles.
* Both Music/ThrowingMuses and Belly have a song called "Angel", both written by Tanya Donelly. Besides that and the title, there's no connection between them.
* More's "Around the World (Superclub Mix)" is all but completely different from the original mix, the only remnant being a highly distorted clip of the chorus.
* The [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ff43R82Pdqc Megamind remix]] of Mauro Picotto's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjg8DhZXNrQ "Komodo"]] is essentially a stand-alone original track. At least the Picotto remix left in the "Wait, please" vocal from the original.
* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPnHxKxlDao DJ Icey's remix]] of Music Instructor's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3ySBAcIoxo "Super Sonic"]] more or less completely recreates the track from the ground up.

* Aside from the name and a few small sprites on the playfield, Bally's ''Pinball/SpaceInvaders'' [[PhysicalPinballTable pinball machine]] had no relationship to the [[VideoGame/SpaceInvaders arcade game it was named after]]. The art design made it look more like an ''Film/{{Alien}}'' pinball than anything else.
* A version of the Creator/{{Sierra}} [[DigitalPinballTable computer pinball game]] ''VideoGame/ThreeDUltraPinballThrillRide'' was released for the UsefulNotes/GameBoyColor. Aside from the name and general premise, it has almost nothing in common with the original.
* From 1976 to 1978, Creator/{{Bally}} released home versions[[note]]that is, PhysicalPinballTables for home use[[/note]] of several of their arcade pins: ''[[Pinball/CaptainFantastic Captain Fantastic And The Brown Dirt Cowboy]], Pinball/{{Fireball}},'' and ''Pinball/EvelKnievel''. Since the home versions reused the same playfield layout and components, they ended up having completely different playfields, rules, and artwork from their original namesakes.
* Similarly, starting in 2012, Creator/SternPinball released lower-priced home versions of their games under the moniker of "The Pin". ''[[Pinball/{{Transformers}} Transformers: The Pin]]'' came out in 2012 as an Amazon exclusive, while ''[[Pinball/TheAvengersStern The Avengers: The Pin]]'' was released in 2013. As both games shared the same cabinet and layout, removed the originals' dot-matrix display, animations, and sound effects, and are limited to two players, they ended up being In Name Only versions of their originals.
* The UsefulNotes/{{Atari 2600}} version of ''VideoGame/DavidsMidnightMagic'' bears almost no resemblance to the original UsefulNotes/AppleII game, aside from being a DigitalPinballTable using predominantly black and dark red colors. This was mainly due to limitations of the Atari 2600 itself, which couldn't produce asymmetrical playfields, so [[PragmaticAdaptation they had to create a new field entirely.]]
* Despite sharing the same name and many game rules, the UsefulNotes/NintendoEntertainmentSystem version of ''VideoGame/RollerBall'' is significantly different from the MSX version, with a completely different playfield, a new bonus screen, and a gratuitous New York skyscraper setting.

[[folder:Pro Wrestling]]
* Some ProfessionalWrestling fans refer to Wrestling/{{WWE}}'s Wrestling/{{ECW}} revival as ECW In Name Only, due to the fact that it seems completely opposite from the old ECW in terms of atmosphere, storyline tone, wrestling style, and talent level; WWECW is another popular name for it. Others [[FanonDiscontinuity don't even give it that level of respect]]. True, it did start out very much like the original ECW - just to get the old fans to tune in - but soon enough Wrestling/CMPunk took over the program and there was much more emphasis on actual wrestling ability than the GarbageWrestling and {{Gorn}} of the glory days. [[ExecutiveMeddling It's doubtful that much of that stuff would have got past the censors anyway]], especially since WWE was trying to cultivate [[LighterAndSofter a family-friendly image at the time]]. Still, the likes of [[Wrestling/BobHolly Hardcore Holly]] and Wrestling/KellyKelly did their best.

* The purpose of Creator/TheBBC Radio 4 series ''The Rivals'' is to showcase 19th century detectives who aren't Literature/SherlockHolmes. However, most of them take great liberties with setting, characterisation, and so on, although they generally keep the character names, who did it and the gimmick they used (while often completely reinventing the motive). Some of them even change the detective's idiosyncrasies, such as making Arthur Morrison's Martin Hewitt a "society detective" who has a friendly rivalry with a French master criminal who doesn't appear in the original story (or ''any'' Martin Hewitt stories) at all.
* The 1940s radio series, ''The Weird Circle'' specialized in Book-To-Radio adaptations that had nothing in common with the source material other than the titles.
%% The Real Life section has been cut as nothing but Natter, Justifying Edits, non-examples, Complaining about things you don't like, and soapboxing. Don't restore it. This is an admin warning.

* As the old VFL expanded to become the [[UsefulNotes/AustralianRulesFootball Australian Football League]], most of the Melbourne-based teams lost their links to the suburbs (U.S. = neighborhoods) whose names they bear. Collingwood, Hawthorn, and St Kilda no longer have any connection to their original home suburbs, and the other local grounds are only used for training and social purposes. Also, the Brisbane Bears were originally based 70 miles from Brisbane, and their mascot was a koala ([[ArtisticLicenseBiology Koalas are not bears]]). They have since moved to actually play in Brisbane, and merged with Fitzroy to be known as the Lions.
* Averted in the case of the Cleveland Browns. In 1996 the original team moved to Baltimore and became the Ravens. The [[UsefulNotes/NationalFootballLeague NFL]] established a new Cleveland Browns expansion team in 1999, but in the league's eyes the new Browns are a continuation of the original and the Baltimore Ravens are a separate franchise.
** Similar situations exist in other leagues. The [[UsefulNotes/NationalBasketballAssociation NBA]] has the Charlotte Hornets and its de facto successor, the New Orleans Pelicans, and the [[UsefulNotes/MajorLeagueSoccer MLS]] has the San Jose Earthquakes and its own de facto successor, Houston Dynamo.
** Played straight in some cases like in the [[UsefulNotes/NationalHockeyLeague NHL]], the current Winnipeg Jets is officially NOT the original Winnipeg Jets reborn - the Phoenix/Arizona Coyotes did not relinquish its original Winnipeg Jets history to the new Jets, only its name and colors.
*** And in the NBA, there were two separate versions of the Baltimore Bullets - one of them is the only dead NBA team to win an NBA Championship, the other is the current Washington Wizards.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Rifts}} Manhunter'' started live as a property completely unrelated to the ''Rifts'' RolePlayingGame. Then Myrmidon Press got permission to use the Palladium Rules system for their title, and decided to tack on the ''Rifts'' name. The only thing that connects the game to ''Rifts'' is that magic and technology exist side-by-side, and sparse, obviously shoehorned in mentions of rifts in time and space appearing later in the setting.

* ''La Gioconda'' is allegedly based on ''Angelo, tyran de Padoue'' by Victor Hugo; they are every bit as different as chalk and cheese (e.g., Hugo's play is set in Padua (''Padoue'' in French) whereas ''La gioconda'' takes place in Venice).
* The 1919 Broadway musical ''Irene'' was revived in 1973 with a completely different book and most of the score replaced by miscellaneous song hits from the period.
* ''Skyscraper'' (1965) was originally supposed to be a musicalization of ''Theatre/DreamGirl''. It ended up sticking the original play's main character, Georgina Allerton, into an unrelated plot about a contractor planning to buy an old brownstone and demolish it to build a skyscraper.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Invoked in ''Webcomic/DresdenCodak'' "[[http://dresdencodak.com/2010/06/03/dark-science-01/ Dark Science]]" arc: Ronnie Awning made adaptations of famous works without reading them. Which allowed his sponsor to use the authors turning in their graves for energy generation.
* ''Webcomic/{{Megamanspritecomic}}'' has hardly anything to do with the ''Franchise/MegaMan'' canon, featuring its own characterization and story.
* Website/PlatypusComix's longest-running series, ''Webcomic/ScrambledEggs'', received inspiration from a juvenile fiction novel titled ''Hello, My Name is Scrambled Eggs'', but Peter Paltridge says the only similarities the current comic and the novel have include some characters' names and the use of "No kidding!" as a CatchPhrase.
* Parodied with ''Webcomic/TheWayOfTheMetagamer 2: In Name Only'' -- a FictionalDocument sequel to ''Webcomic/TheWayOfTheMetagamer'', starring The Detective and TheWatson.
* Some comics released under the name ''Webcomic/VGCats'' have only cats, others have only gaming, and others have ''neither''.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* [[Website/{{Cracked}} Cracked.com]] has nothing in common with the (defunct) ''Magazine/{{MAD}}''-inspired [[Magazine/{{Cracked}} magazine]] except the name and comedy theme.
* There is a ''ComicStrip/FlashGordon'' comics series available for the iPhone, and probably other portables. Flash is a former CIA operative, and Dale a current one; they know each other from the Agency, and Dr. Zarkohv is a close friend of Flash. He's also considered a terrorist, and believed to be creating [=WMD=]s.
%% The Real Life section has been cut as nothing but Natter, Justifying Edits, non-examples, Complaining about things you don't like, and soapboxing. Don't restore it. This is an admin warning.