[[quoteright:250:[[Franchise/StarWars http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Aqualish_2947.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:250:So close, and yet so far...]]

->''"Subject's anatomy suggests a highly developed species of analogous physical durability to mankind. Physical structure, general organic processes and reproductive anatomy all show remarkable similarities. Is this racial parallelism purely coincidental?"''
-->-- '''An Imperial Scholar''''s research notes on a Tau subject, ''[[TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}} Xenology]]''

There are HumanAliens which are indistinguishable from humans (at least on the outside appearance). Then there are RubberForeheadAliens, which look like humans but with some minor differences.

Then there are Humanoid Aliens that have the general shape of a human, but definitely look nothing like us. Be it a different number of fingers, different skin, feathers, whatever. Only similarity they need is one head, two arms, two legs, and a generally upright stance, tail and/or wings optional. Any further deviation from the humanoid form is likely to result in StarfishAliens.

Like HumanAliens and RubberForeheadAliens, the prevalence of this trope -- in live-action TV in particular, though also in movies and comics and other primarily visual media -- tends to have a lot to do with the need to create something that human actors can comfortably portray, that human artists can conveniently and quickly draw, and that human viewers/readers can intuitively empathize with (and they tend to stay farther away from the UncannyValley than more human-looking aliens, and are thus less frightening). However, theories of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convergent_evolution convergent evolution]] (the idea that similar environments facilitate similar patterns of isomorphic development in different species) may make this more of a JustifiedTrope, at least so far as creating believable situations of dramatic interaction. Given that we've only seen a grand total of one planet with a biosphere and intelligent life, we have no way of knowing how [[RealityIsUnrealistic realistic or unrealistic]] this trope is.

May overlap with PettingZooPeople or {{Intelligent Gerbil}}s. UrsineAliens often fall under this, since bears can appear very humanoid by themselves.


[[folder:Anime And Manga]]
* ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' - The Saiyans could fall into either this or HumanAliens. Aside from them, the vast majority of aliens are in this category. Though most are possessed of unusual height, horns, elongated heads, a tail, etc., a handful are simply human forms with the only deviation being unnaturally-colored skin - Jeice and Sauzaa come to mind.
** It's been revealed that Jeice and [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Salza]] were actually both members of the same species. Like humans they come in multiple skin colors; unlike humans those colors are red and blue.
* In ''Anime/CaptainEarth'', what we mostly see of the Kiltgangs when not in their human avatar bodies, is their true forms as [[HumongousMecha Humongous Mecha]]s. However, they simultaneously also have a second form, a sort of piloting form that is officially called "Gig Mode", in which they all look vaguely like their avatar bodies, only incorporating their character colors more and adding some details that reflect their outer mecha bodies and abilities, like armour plates, hats (or some other forms of head additions) and the like. The anime underlines this otherness of their forms by using colored outlines for them. However, it is unknown wether these forms could or do exist outside of their mecha bodies as well.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* Most aliens in ''ComicBook/BuckGodotZapGunForHire'' fit this trope, although quite many are StarfishAliens or [[IntelligentGerbil animal-like]] (RubberForeheadAliens have appeared a few times, but not very often). Some aliens don't quite fit this trope, like the [[SufficientlyAdvancedAliens Prime Movers]] who look like RubberForeheadAliens from the waist up, but have several short stubby legs, or the Klegdixal, who have a humanoid body shape but seem to lack legs (or any facial features except eyes, for that matter).

* ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'''s Xenomorphs.
** The Xenomorphs are excused, since they take on the traits of their hosts. In Alien 3 we see one that was a quadruped because it burst from a dog, AVP2 has one that look like a Predator, including the "dreadlocks" and mandiblades (fits into the trope, but solely because the Yautja host does.) Other examples are fully straight.
** Even more so, the Franchise/{{Predator}}s (Yautja).
** In ''Film/{{Prometheus}}'' [[spoiler:the proto-Xenomorph "Deacon". Its former host, the Engineer, straddles the line between this and HumanAliens.]]
* The Na'vi from ''Film/{{Avatar}}'' are ten-foot-tall, blue-skinned, yellow-eyed, cat-nosed, four-fingered and four-toed (note, however, the titular HalfHumanHybrid Avatars have five), with what is essentially an organic network cable that looks like a braided ponytail.
** Animals on Pandora are in two main types; four-limbed and six-limbed. [[FandomBerserkButton Some people claim that there are no other four-limbed animals, but have not checked their facts]].
*** Seeing as how the life on Pandora is [[spoiler:connected by a 'brain-like' biological network]], it's possible that [[spoiler:the evolution of life on the planet was ''guided'' by this mind. This would also explain why the Na'vi are capable of linking their minds with every other animal, which would require an improbable amount of co-evolution from a Darwinian standpoint.]] Pandora's biology is not necessarily Earth's biology.
*** They were evolved from the same ancestor as the ape-like Prolemuri which have four partially fused arms with two fingers on each. The Na'vi just had those arms fuse together all the way.
* The aliens in ''Film/{{District 9}}'' have two legs, one head and two eyes, but that's as much as they have in common with humans. They have four arms including the smaller, almost vestigial arms house in their torso. They largely resemble seven-foot tall humanoid cockroaches, and even their vocal chords are too alien to try to mimic human speech.
* The title character in ''Film/{{Paul}}''.
* The aliens in ''Film/WhamBamThnakYouSpaceman''
* Many aliens in ''Franchise/StarWars'' (jointly described as [[http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/humanoid humanoids]], in fact). Famous examples include the Aqualish (walrus-like humanoids, pictured above); Trandoshans (lizard-like humanoids); and Gamorreans (pig-like humanoids). The other common kind is the [[RubberForeheadAlien rubber forehead]]ed near-humans, who share an ancestry with baseline humans, though there are some genuine examples of StarfishAliens. There are also cyborgs (some human and some not) and crossbreeds of similar (usually hominid or vaguely hominid) species.

* This trope plays out in the ''{{Literature/Alterien}}'' series by Adam R. Brown.
** He's an exceptionally tall man with many of the same features as Alteriens in their true form. However, he has rounded ears and polydactyly on both his hands and feet. He has five fingers and a thumb on each hand and six toes on each foot. Apart from that, he looks very similar to humans.
** The Alteriens in their true form are like this with their pointed ears, somewhat larger than normal heads and eyes for their respective builds and lack of eyebrows. Additionally, the only hair on their entire bodies is from their heads. They were modeled after the Sisters of Orion and other similar Shanda'ryn hybrids.
* Creator/LarryNiven averted this for the most part in his ''Literature/KnownSpace'' universe, but used the Kzinti, who are [[CatGirl cat people]].
* The striivic-na in the ''Literature/WarchildSeries'' have the general shape of humans, plus/minus a few details...
* In ''Literature/ChildhoodsEnd'', the Overlords superficially look somewhat human, but on closer examination are far more alien.
* Most of the alien races in ''Revelation Spaaaaaace'' are StarfishAliens, but the Amarantin were humanoid birds.
* [[spoiler:The Ra'zac]] of the ''Literature/InheritanceCycle''.
* ''Literature/MoltBrother''
* Creator/RobertWestall's ''Literature/UrnBurial'''s Fefethil and Wawaka [[CatFolk cat people]] and dog people, respectively. StarfishAliens do get a mention, but none appear as characters.
* The ''Literature/{{Destroyermen}}'' series takes place on an [[AlternateHistory alternate Earth]] where the Cretaceous extinction apparently never happened. The two dominant species are the Mi-Anaaka (called Lemurians by the titular destroyermen), a humanoid species descended from Madagascar's lemurs, and the Grik, a species of [[ImAHumanitarian predatory]] dinosaur descendants that [[AvertedTrope look pretty much like their ancestors]].
* Both played straight and also frequently averted by E.E. "Doc" Smith.
** The inhabitants of the ''Skylark'' universe's Green system and even the monstrous Fenachrone fit into the same general framework of 'upright biped' as do humans and the Jelmi are indistinguishable from humanity, but the Chlorans are utterly alien.
** Frequently averted in the ''Lensman'' universe, however. True, there are a lot of non-Earth-origin species which fit this trope, but the degree to which utterly alien species are to be found on ''both'' sides of the conflict (and especially among the "good guys") stands out even today. Barring [[spoiler: his wife Clarissa, eventually]], not one of Kim Kinnison's fellow Second-Stage Lensmen is even remotely human in appearance. One of them (Nadreck) can't even coexist in the same room without special equipment, and even with it he can't stay very long.
* In Creator/WenSpencer's Literature/UkiahOregon series, Hex and Prime, the only survivors of the initial Ontongard invasion horse, had bodies that looked largely human, but with all black eyes, strangely textured hair, and slightly odd proportions.
* The Parshendi of ''Literature/TheStormlightArchive'' are of generally humanoid shape, but have marbled black and red skin and are limited shapeshifters, able to assume a number of different forms as needed (including warform, which causes them to grow armor plate; workform, which is strong but nonviolent; and mateform, which is capable of reproduction).
* Many of the species in the MyTeacherIsAnAlien series, although there are quite a few examples of StarfishAliens as well. The ones closest to human in shape, Broxholm, Kreeblim, and Hoo-Lan, can pass for human if they wear LatexPerfection disguises, though only Hoo-Lan is close enough to be a borderline [[HumanAliens Human Alien]] (though child sized and blue).

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' species with repeat appearances:
** Hynerians - 2-3 foot tall stumpy limbed frogs with really big eyebrows.
** Scarrans - Giant lizard men. Range from human but scaly to spaaaaaace tyrannosauruses.
** The Ancients - Insectoid, but generally look human via VoluntaryShapeshifting. And that's just the ones that have been altered to survive in our dimension; we don't even glimpse what the True Ancients really look like.
** Diagnosans - Skeleton thin, two slits instead of a nose, and a bulbous head.
* Some aliens in ''Franchise/StarTrek'', such as the Breen and the Gorn. Most tend to be of the [[RubberForeheadAliens rubber forehead]] and [[HumanAliens human]] variety though.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'' had several, like the Narn and the Pak'Mara.
* In ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'', the Than-Thre-Kull and the Magog.
* The various ''Franchise/{{Stargate|Verse}}'' franchises have mostly HumanAliens, but several species are different:
** The Asgard are TheGreys.
** The Unas are tribal LizardFolk.
** The Ohne are advanced FishPeople, as are the catfish-like aliens of ''Series/StargateUniverse''.
** Jup and Tenat of the Lucian Alliance were the only shown members of an unspecified race who are clearly RubberForeheadAliens.
** The Reol are a race of beige-skinned humanoids with dreads and wrinkly skin who can make you think they're your best friend.
** The Gadmeer are only shown in an image but appear to be bipeds of either reptilian or [[BeePeople insectoid]] type.
** The Ursini in ''Series/StargateUniverse''. Despite the name, they don't look at all bear-like.
* ''Series/DoctorWho''
** Sontarans
** Ice Warriors
** Catkind
** Draconians
** Ogrons
** Silents
** Raxacoricofallapatorians
*** Clomians (AKA Abzorbaloffs), from their twin planet
** Cheetah People
** Butterfly People
** The Moxx of Balhoon
** The Graske, from the 2005 interactive game ''Attack of the Graske''
** Daemons
* ''Series/TheSarahJaneAdventures''
** Raxacoricofallapatorians, Sontarans and Graske, like its parent show ''Series/DoctorWho''
** Uvodni
** Groske
** The Shansheeth
** Skullions

* The various unnamed aliens in ''Pinball/TheAtarians'', who are there just so the Atarians themselves have someone to fight.
* Featured among the various aliens in ''Pinball/BigBangBar''.
* Also featured in ''Pinball/AsteroidAnnieAndTheAliens''.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Starfire}}'', the various alien species humanity goes to war with include Cat People (the Khanate of Orion), Bird People (the Ophiuchi), Bear People (the Rigellians), and 4-Armed People (the Gorm).
* The majority of ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'''s races are Humanoid Aliens. For example, the Tau are short humanoids with grey-blue skin and hooves, the Orks are large humanoids with green skin and a fungi-based biology and the Kroot are gangly yet disproportionately strong humanoids with avian features and the ability to direct their own evolution. The [[OurElvesAreDifferent Eldar]], are the most similar looking as their features closely resemble human ones when armoured, but their bodies are almost impossibly thin outside of it. Necrons are formerly biological beings now contained in living metal with a form resembling a skeleton, while some of the more mutated followers of chaos could be considered more ''humanoid'' than human.
** In Xenology, a background book, the dissecting bio-technician notes the remarkable similarity between the major races of the setting, and how several of them seem to have been artificially constructed. Humanity may or may not have been made by the same beings that made the Eldar and the Orks among others, which would explain their gross similarity.
** The Hrud straddle the line between this and StarfishAliens. While early editions of the game had Hrud as spacefaring RatMen, the design has since been changed to ghastly barely-humanoid shambling ''things'' with multi-segmented ribbons for limbs and truely BizarreAlienBiology. The abovementioned Xenology mentions that Hrud carcasses decompose so quickly it's difficult to find one worth dissecting.
** In some editions it's explained that most of them have a common origin, although how canon this is in the current fluff is up in the air. One story goes that the Necrons were the first humanoids, the Old Ones created the Eldar, Orks and the seldom-seen apelike Jokaeros to fight them, then the Necrons manipulated the evolution of Earth's mammals to create a new SuperSoldier race to counter the Old Ones' creations, which eventually became the humans (the experiment was largely considered a failure because the AntiMagic Pariah Gene they were trying to cultivate turned out to be vanishingly rare). Later on some Eldar scientists (believed to be working for MagnificentBastard par excellence Eldrad Ulthran) genetically engineered the Tau from a sheeplike animal for as-yet unrevealed reasons, while the Tau's favorite client race, the Kroot were originally birdlike but absorbed some Ork DNA due to their peculiar digestive processes.
* A borderline example is the Kaorti of ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''. Debuting in the third edition Fiend Folio, these Gigeresque humanoids are the result of either humans or elves (depending on the version of the backstory) [[TooDumbToLive experimenting with the Far Realm]]. The "borderline" descriptor is for two reasons: Firstly, the Far Realm is not the same thing as outer spaaaaaace but is rather an incomprehensible plane of existence inspired by Lovecraftian horror. Secondly, while they do appear superficially anthropomorphic, they otherwise resemble the aforementioned xenomorphs and are composed of a strange, toxic resin instead of bone and flesh.
* In TabletopGame/{{Traveller}} the Aslan and Vargr are four limbed with two limbs for walking and two for grasping. However their appearance also resembles some Terran animals(lions and wolves respectively). In behavior they are ''roughly'' comparable to humans-at least enough for them to vaguely comprehend one another.

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* ''{{Achron}}'' has the Vecgir, which are roughly a meter taller than the average human and have an extra set of arms and a sort of reptilian appearance. Compared to the other alien race in the game, the [[StarfishAliens Grekim]], the Vecgir are downright charming.
* The Iskai from ''{{Albion}}'' are tall, fast-moving and nimble but frail mammalian humanoids with faces that resemble those of great cats, mostly short hair all over their bodies, tails that can be used to manipulate objects and use weapons, four nipples, a somewhat telepathic forehead organ called a Trii, cat-like feet and on them claws that unlike Earth vertebrate claws are bony and presumably part of their skeletons. They're basically as different as humanoids could be from humans while still unintentionally appearing to be related to them, although those claws would be a little puzzling if they really were.
* Tran, ''BeatmaniaIIDX''[='=]s SeriesMascot, has white hair, has simpler details than other human characters, sports two light blue pupil-less eyes, and has no other facial features.
* The majority of the Covenant species in ''{{Franchise/Halo}}'', with the exception of the [[StarfishAliens Hunters, the Engineers]], and [[InsectoidAliens the Drones]]. [[TheVirus The Flood]] is also an exception, though they aren't part of the Covenant.
** ''Literature/TheForerunnerSaga'' and [[spoiler:''{{VideoGame/Halo 4}}'']] reveal that [[{{Precursors}} the Forerunners]] also fit this trope. Completely averted with the Timeless One, though, which resembles some kind of enormous crab and [[spoiler:is a Flood Gravemind designed to mimic a Precursor.]]
*** With the revelations in ''Literature/HaloSilentium'', we can be pretty certain that the Timeless One was [[spoiler:very much telling the truth about being a Precursor.]]
* ''Franchise/MassEffect''.
** The vast majority of the alien species fall into this trope, with the [[BlueSkinnedSpaceBabe asari]] and the quarians being RubberForeheadAliens. The elcor may not seem humanoid at first, but that is because they walk on all fours, use their powerful forearms and fists to support themselves, much like gorillas. This is due to having evolved on a high gravity world, where falling over often means not getting up again.
** The few known exceptions are the [[StarfishAliens hanar]], the [[SapientShip Rea]][[EldritchAbomination pers]] ([[spoiler: and their creators, the [[KrakenAndLeviathan Levia]][[AbusivePrecursors thans]]]]), the [[BeePeople rachni]], and the [[BeePeople keepers]].
** The novel ''Literature/MassEffectRevelation'' briefly mentions that there's quite a few EpilepticTrees among humans as to [[LampshadeHanging why, exactly, the humanoid body structure is so common]]. Then-Lieutenant David Anderson subscribes to the simplest theory: that there's just some as-yet-undiscovered evolutionary advantage to it. Out of universe, of course, it's a time and budget thing coupled with the way Unreal Engine 3's character animations are implemented: each new creature type requires a different skeleton to be programmed (hence why the less-humanoid species are rarely shown moving around).
*** Plus, on the playable side of characters, they all need to be able to use the same weapons and (mostly in the first game) armor.
* ''VideoGame/{{Meteos}}'' has a number of these, differentiated by different skin colors or head shapes. An example would be the Geolitians, the starting race who are light blue in skin color and have antennae/horns on the sides of their heads that curve upwards.
* Both the SpacePirates and the Chozo from ''{{Metroid}}''. The SpacePirates are obviously non-human, but have advanced technology and some kind of language. The [[strike:extinct]] Chozo, being also SufficientlyAdvancedAliens, had even more advanced technology (such as Samus' power suit), and some kind of language that despite their technological prowess is mostly found written in stone ruins. Appearance-wise, they resemble an anthropomorphic cross between a manta ray and a parrot on two legs. The Pirates, on the other hand, appear either reptilian or lobster-like, depending on which specific game they're in. The KI Hunter Pirates slip into BigCreepyCrawlies or StarFishAliens though.
** [[MyFriendsAndZoidberg And Gandrayda]].
* Some ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}''.
** Basically, all Pokemon in the [[http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Humanshape_(egg_group) Humanshape egg group]], although for some strange reason, Ralts and its evolutions are in the [[http://bulbapedia.bulbagarden.net/wiki/Indeterminate_(egg_group) Indeterminate egg group]], and Blaziken is in the ground egg group.
*** The egg group has non humanoids like Cacnea in it too.
*** Cacnea evolves into Cacturne, which is vaguely humanoid.
* ''StarControl'' has the [[TheGreys Arilou Lalee'lay]] and the Shofixti (upright-walking marsupials). A few others are added in the third game.
** It's implied that the Arilou may have tinkered with human genetics at some point in our past, which could explain the resemblance.
* The Protoss in ''{{Starcraft}}'' definitely qualify. They've got the "human" number of heads, arms, legs, and eyes, but they also have digitigrade legs, nerve cords coming out the backs of their heads, and skin (scales?) in a wide variety of cool colors. Also, they have NoMouth, because they're, apparently,[[BizarreAlienBiology photosynthetic]] .
* ''WorldOfWarcraft'' 's draenei, which are something of an {{expy}} of the Protoss, are somewhat more human-looking: They look like blue, catfish-whiskered classic [[OurDemonsAreDifferent demons]].
** Many races throughout the Warcraft series are technically humanoid aliens. Orcs are originally from Draenor, not Azeroth (so technically the other races are all orcoid aliens in the parts of the games that take place on the former). Much of the burning legion is made up of aliens, most prominently the Man'ari eredar and the Dreadlords.
* The {{VideoGame/Pikmin}} themselves have an unknown degree of intelligence, but whatever [[http://www.pikminwiki.com/Captain_Olimar Olimar himself]] is is pretty weird too. He's basically humanoid but under an inch tall. Oxygen is toxic to him. He has few hairs, and when they fall out thanks to stress they make a "hissing sound". He's got weird talents with whistling. He says the following in one of his [[http://www.pikminwiki.com/Olimar%27s_Voyage_Log voyage logs]], contrasting it to how Pikmin come from and return to the soil.
--> "My people were borne out of the sea of stars to come down to Hocotate, and when we complete out lives, we return to the great ocean of stars."

[[folder: Web Comics ]]
* The aliens in ''Webcomic/AllenTheAlien'' look like humans with antennae.
* The Mentakans in ''CwynhildsLoom'', as seen in a flashback, are large, purplish humanoids.
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive''
** Uryuoms are humanoid {{shape shifter}}s who in appearance are a mix of LittleGreenMen and TheGreys but as shapeshifters can appear completely human if they have a human form among their personal cache of possible forms.
** The lespuko being a genetic relative of the uryuom are also humanoid in build but more animalistic than them.
* Most of the alien species seen so far in the webcomic ''{{Inhuman}}'' are humanoid - it has been mistaken for a Furry comic, to the artist's great annoyance.
* {{Webcomic/Homestuck}} has the Cherubs; green skeleton-like things. Trolls -grey, vaguely insect humanoids with grey skin, horns, and fangs- could fit either here or as RubberForeheadAliens.
* Most aliens in ''Webcomic/LuminaryChildren'' look a lot like humans.
* Most aliens in ''{{Webcomic/Zukahnaut}}'' fit this trope.

[[folder: Web Original ]]
* TheMercuryMen, also called "the first men" in the titular series, are humanoid in appearance, but are taller, thinner and stoop (supposedly because of Earth's greater gravity). They are also composed of HardLight and apparently have a ThirdEye.
* [[http://www.cracked.com/article_20332_5-unrealistic-movie-cliches-that-are-scientifically-accurate_p2.html This article]] from Website/{{Cracked}} suggests that if aliens exist, they are likely Humanoid Aliens, HumanAliens, or RubberForeheadAliens.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* Nearly every alien [[WesternAnimation/{{Ben10}} Ben]] can transform into, with the only exception being Xlr8,Ripjaws, Wildmutt, Ghostfreak, and technically Four Arms.
** ''[[WesternAnimation/Ben10AlienForce Alien Horse]]'' introduces more humanoids alien transformations, but also has quite a few non-humanoids, even StarfishAliens, such as Brainstorm and Goop. There's also Jetray and Spidermonkey, who aren't a StarfishAliens, but they aren't humanoid either.
* Quite a few in ''{{Futurama}}''. The Decapodians, who are humanoid crustaceans. Kiff's species, Nibblonians, and many other species that were never named.
* The [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Traags/Draags]] of ''FantasticPlanet''. Aside from their [[OurGiantsAreBigger size]], they're essentially hairless, blue-skinned, red-eyed humans.
* The Titans and Nebulans in the ''TransformersGeneration1'' cartoon - both have pointy ears and either blue or green skin. In the comic, however, the Nebulans were indistinguishable from humans.
** These are more RubberForeheadAliens, really. The Transformers themselves, on the other hand, definitely qualify. They're MechanicalLifeforms, but most have one mode with a humanoid body plan... And some even have ''more than one'', for [[SuperMode one reason]] or [[FullBodyDisguise another]], while others have one and [[CombiningMecha are]] ''[[CombiningMecha part]]'' [[CombiningMecha of another]].
** Heck, there's even a small handful of Transformers that ''don't'' have humanoid robot modes individually, but are ''still'' part of a humanoid CombiningMecha.

* The popular image of TheGreys presents them as LittleGreenMen... only [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin greyer]].
* TheReptilians tend to fluctuate between this, RubberForeheadAliens, and even less human-like LizardFolk.
* ''Roleplay/UltisBarAndGrill'' has the worlds of the Dark Legion, which have a variety of aliens among them. Many of these said aliens are humanoid in appearance, if not really anywhere near a human in ability or specifics.