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[[quoteright:350:[[Creator/RapidPsychlerPress http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/parkinglot.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:[[ComicallyMissingThePoint Hey]], [[IWantMyJetpack I want that flying saucer]]!]]
[[DescribeTopicHere What is a personality disorder? Glad you asked!]]

In essence, it is a mental disorder where instead of the problem being your brain setup, mood, disconnection from reality, or pointless habits, you simply behave in a way that makes adjusting to life difficult. Lots of people do this, so it's important to recognize that everybody has these traits to one degree or another. They're called personality styles when they don't cause problems.

Note that personality is sometimes considered the psychological immune system. Indeed, those with personality traits like behaviors that are often antagonistic towards others or a tendency to take things too personally are more likely to show mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and substance abuse. Such disorders are often the reason why someone with a personality disorder would seek treatment in the first place.

Any behavior can be justified depending on what situation you're put in. It's believed these people act the way they do because [[FreudianExcuse as a child they were overexposed to situations where the behavior had survival value, reinforcing it]]. So they [[CripplingOverspecialization never learned to shift gears when the situation calls for it]]. Genetics usually only ensure that the childhood environment doesn't have a blank canvas to work on, but sometimes people literally were born that way. If you really want a better grasp of these disorders, it helps to get a basic understanding of evolution and the process of natural selection. Thinking about how this behavior would (or could) be useful in a low tech hunter-gatherer society tends to help too.

!!Things to keep in Mind
The comorbidity of these disorders leads to confusion. Looking at a personality as a story and each disorder as a different genre that can overlap with other ones can help to understand it better. Keep in mind that even if somebody meets the criteria for one personality disorder they can still meet the criteria for a personality style of one of the other disorders. If two of the disorders look like they'll cause similar behavior, the underlying reasons for the behavior in each is different.

No two people with the same mental disorder act exactly the same, and just because a behavior is reported to be common in a mental disorder doesn't mean everyone who has the disorder will behave that way. HollywoodPsych and SoYouWantTo.DevelopCharacterPersonality [[note]]if you're designing a character with a personality disorder, most of that stuff still applies[[/note]] are useful to keep in mind.

Also, although the specific personality disorders list traits, a personality disorder is more defined by the inability to get along with others than specific personality traits. When most people encounter a situation they will experiment with different things (some things they're reluctant to try and some things not so much) until they find something that works for them and everybody involved. People with personality disorders will keep doing the same thing regardless of results.

While it can be a trying experience to be around people with these disorders, keep in mind that RealLife people suffer from these disorders. '''Laymen should abstain from "diagnosing" real people and the diagnosing of fictional people done here should be considered, at best, informed speculation rather than definite fact. ''Administrivia/NoRealLifeExamplesPlease unless professionally diagnosed.'''''



[[folder:Paranoid Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paranoid_personality_disorder Most of us]] [[GreenEyedMonster know not to be offended]] when we see the AlphaBitch, JerkJock, or BigManOnCampus walking down the street. [[WellThisIsNotThatTrope Not so with]] [[TheParanoiac these people]]. They're suspicious of everybody's motives and don't know [[EtTuBrute who to trust]]. Those afflicted undergo immense emotional torment from failing to form close bonds with people. [[MeasuringTheMarigolds Their ability to appreciate the aesthetic value of something, such as the quiet and tranquility of a day at the park, is reduced or nonexistent because they're too busy examining every minor detail for nonexistent proof that others are trying to sabotage them]].

People who were repeatedly backstabbed, or have a HumansAreBastards perspective, can be prone to this.

Like the narcissist, they see themselves as the victim and have difficulty in recognizing their role in the discomfort of others. The difference is that narcissists want the company of other people, when they bring praise, and actively attract people to themselves. Paranoids don't like the company of other people because those people will more than likely take what little this unfair life decided to give the paranoid person. The way in which they cause discomfort is also different. With narcissists, people would rather spend their time and energy doing others things such as getting to the solution of the problem. With paranoids, people tire of the accusations and wish they'd be more of a team player.

Some studies suggest the paranoid personality disorder is part of the schizophrenic spectrum and some suggest PPD has connections to delusional disorder but not schizophrenia. Like delusional disorder someone with paranoid personality disorder can be a high functioning case of TheSchizophreniaConspiracy. Cult leaders have a good chance of having paranoid personality disorder or grandiose delusional disorder instead of schizophrenia.

When this personality disorder leads to some good things, see ProperlyParanoid.

!!Examples from various media
* Guts from ''{{Manga/Berserk}}''. After being betrayed, branded and hunted by demons (and hunting them in turn), Guts doesn't trust anyone.

* Rorschach from ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}'' views the world as one big cesspool of criminals and degenerates. His obsession with fighting crime is such that he seldom bathes or even eats or sleeps, and he suspects nearly everyone of being guilty of something. To be fair, though, he lives in a world where Nixon is serving a fourth term as President, the government has a god-like being at its disposal, and one of the wealthiest industrialists in the country [[spoiler:is plotting to unleash a genetically-engineered monster on New York City]], so it's not like he has no reason to be paranoid.
* Played for comedy at first with Red Alert, the notoriously distrustful security director in ''ComicBook/TransformersMoreThanMeetsTheEye''. He has been one of Rung's patients for centuries... and it's revealed that it took almost a hundred sessions just to get Red Alert to let Rung see his face, a dozen more to get a name, over ''a hundred and fifty'' more to tell Rung his ''real'' name, and another fifty on top of that to get Red Alert to stop secretly recording their sessions. This is a 'bot who puts stories about Nixon to shame. Thing is, Red Alert is ultimately ProperlyParanoid because people really ''are'' out to mess him up, and things go pear-shaped very quickly precisely ''because'' he's right, but doesn't know how to properly express his concerns.

%%* Lt. Cmdr. Queeg from ''Film/TheCaineMutiny''

%%* The narrator from ''[[Creator/EdgarAllanPoe The-Tell-Tale Heart]]''
%%* Edward Leeford[=/=]Monks from ''Literature/OliverTwist''.

%%* Mohinder Suresh of ''Series/{{Heroes}}''
* AgentMulder of ''Series/TheXFiles'' named the trope because he saw sinister supernatural things everywhere.

%%* The Dark Angels from ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}''

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Sam from ''{{Superego}}''

[[folder:Narcissistic Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcissistic_personality_disorder The]] {{Narcissist}} is ItsAllAboutMe personified. These people expect to be treated [[AGodAmI like a god]] in your life, despite the fact that they don't do anything and [[TheMillstone possibly make things worse]]. Be very careful when calling these [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narcissistic_rage people out on it]]. They've been known to use [[ManipulativeBastard emotional manipulation]] to boost their enormous ego.

A healthy sense of narcissism helps us withstand criticism, insults, and spring back from periods of self-doubt and detrimental anxiety (especially the ones the paranoid, avoidant, and dependent are likely to suffer). It does so by telling us to ignore our own faults and the consequences of our actions. ''Pathological'' narcissism is when a person's need for admiration and special treatment is so extreme that it gets in the way of them forming close bonds with others. Too much narcissism causes people to [[RidiculousProcrastinator procrastinate]], [[LazyBum become lazy]], [[NeverMyFault refuse to admit they made a mistake]], become incapable of putting themselves in other people's shoes, turn into a KnowNothingKnowItAll, or become a victim of {{Pride}}. People who display constant, excessive narcissism are said to have [[ShapedLikeItself narcissistic personality disorder]].

There is some controversy as to what type of childhood narcissists had. Some researches believe that narcissists were overvalued by their parents, while others think that they had a dismal childhood.

People in a manic mood will also show a greatly inflated sense of self-esteem. However, a person in a manic mood will also have a lot of energy and will have an elevated mood, whereas a narcissist will be in a chronic state of depression. Also, a manic mood is by definition a state different from a persons normal mood, and the person will eventually return to an even mood, or possibly a depressed mood where self-esteem will come down.

The narcissist leans towards feeling they have an unalienable right to being privileged as opposed to the paranoid, antisocial, and passive-aggressive personality disorders who all try to rationalize their behavior away.

A narcissist has some similarities to the Antisocial Personality in their selfishness, but they are not blind to others' emotions (although those emotions do come second to their own). While many of their actions are selfish in motive, narcissists can still be very friendly, outgoing and generous people. They may for example offer to pay for a meal, anticipating compliments for their generosity, or thinking that they will be perceived as having more disposable income (thus making them a better person). However if they believe they will not be acknowledged for good behavior, they usually won't make the effort.

They also feel friends and social activities are important. While friends are utilized mostly as ego buffers, this is not just through complimenting the narcissist, but also through the popularity perceived by having many friends. They can also come in handy for taking tiresome and strenuous tasks off the narcissist's shoulders.

Premodern concepts include the ancient Greek Hubris which meant excessive [[PrideBeforeAFall pride leading to or simply occurring before a fall]]. The contemporary view of narcissists is they're annoyingly unable to see this dynamic repeating itself in their lives. They're also notoriously difficult to treat and it is not unheard of for therapists to shy away from attempting to treat narcissists, as it frequently takes ''years'' to get to the point where a therapist may have enough rapport with a client to even consider starting to plant the idea that some of a narcissist's problems may be due to their own behavior, and it's equally likely that all that hard work will be undone in one session when a narcissist takes something badly and abruptly finds a new therapist who will tell them exactly what they want to hear again.

See also SmallNameBigEgo, ThePrimaDonna, SpoiledBrat, StageMom, MyBelovedSmother, and InferioritySuperiorityComplex.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EeEFBMxhfIs#t=8m03s Asuka Langley Souryuu]] from ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' believes herself to be the number one pilot and insists that others treat her that way. Because of this, she has only one friend; [[NiceGirl Hikari.]] Behind all her bluster, hides a deep sense of social insecurity and self-loathing.
* Light Yagami of ''Manga/DeathNote'' is a combination of this and TheSociopath. He develops a full on [[AGodAmI god complex]] and doesn't take criticism well. He has no friends at all; he has pawns and enemies.
* ''Franchise/FullmetalAlchemist'':
** [[spoiler:Father]] from ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist''. [[spoiler:Hohenheim identifies the entire conspiracy to become God as overcompensation for Homunculus' original form, when he was perpetually trapped inside a flask and forced to serve the King of Xerxes.]] This is also true to a lesser extent for [[spoiler:Pride, although he mainly serves as TheDragon for Father]].
** Dante from [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the 2003 anime version]]. She's a vain and selfish person who only wants to live longer.
* ''LightNovel/FullMetalPanic'': Leonard Testarossa. Unlike his sociopathic predecessors, he's capable of caring about others. But, he cares about himself, even more.
* ''ZetaGundam'': Paptimus Scirocco. While he does value other people, it's in a very selfish way.
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'': Madara Uchiha. He sees himself as godlike and the best one to lead the world into a better era.

* Archie's ''ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog'': Scourge the Hedgehog (aka Evil Sonic) does not merely have Sonic's raging ego and self-confidence, but cranks it UpToEleven with his love of power and respect (or fear; either are fine), and a solid belief that the world owes him a favour just for gracing it with his existence. Also unlike Sonic, who often thinks of himself as superior to others but will always put them first, Scourge will always put himself first, with almost zero consideration for the feelings or safety of other people.
* Adrian Veidt from ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}''. Even though he [[spoiler: is a villainous example of someone with this disorder]], at first glance he seems like a kind man who lacks much of the grandiosity required for the diagnosis. Nonetheless, he has such a self-centered view of his importance to world events that he [[spoiler: decides to play god and [[NecessarilyEvil kill millions of people]] in a convoluted plot to [[WellIntentionedExtremist prevent what he sees as inevitable nuclear holocaust]]]]. He also takes the name of an ancient pharaoh for his superhero identity, and models his life after Alexander the Great, his idol.
%%* [[ComicBook/IronMan Tony Stark]]
* Doctor Doom: An egomaniac that talks in the third person. He's especially bad when his arch-enemy, Reed Richards, is involved.
* ComicBook/LexLuthor: His intelligence coupled with his refusal to care about those who are not extensions of himself and his ability to identify with beings like Brainiac and the Joker identifies him as a sufferer of Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
* ''ComicBook/TheTransformersMoreThanMeetsTheEye'' has Rodimus showing many symptoms. He has always believed that he is the only one truly qualified to be captain of the Lost Light, even at their moment of take-off with no evidence whatsoever. Despite his self-confidence he is still rather susceptible to the opinions of others, and upon almost half of the crew voting for a change of captain, his instinct was to win every one of them back. He places a high value on friendship, but his ''best'' friends are those who admire him the most. His goal is not power or control, but for as many people to admire him as possible, bolstered by the absolute conviction that they totally will, and all it will take is a display of his awesomeness. Finally, he has a bad habit of letting other people come second to that goal. It's really just proof that you don't need to be a bad guy to be a narcissist.
** Other less subtle signs include the Rodimus Star, the Rodimus Plaque, the Rod Pod, and the Rod Squad.

%%* Suzanne Stone Maretto from ''ToDieFor''
%%* [[Film/CitizenKane Charles Foster Kane]]
* ''Film/SunsetBoulevard'': Norma Desmond didn't take her descent from super stardom well. She hired a former director as a butlter and reads fake fan mail. [[spoiler: Eventually she goes completely delusional when she can't accept that the world doesn't revolve around her.]]
%%* Daniel Plainview from ''Film/ThereWillBeBlood''.
* ''Theatre/TheCrucible'': Abigail Williams sends her town into hysteria because she can't accept that her crush is HappilyMarried to someone else.
%%* Catherine Tramell from ''Film/BasicInstinct''.
%%* Waldo Lydecker from ''Film/{{Laura}}''.
* ''Disney/TheLionKing'': Scar says as much in his VillainSong: "The king undisputed, respect and saluted and seen for the ''WONDER'' I am!"

%%* The Evil Queen of "Literature/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs".
* ''Literature/PeterPan'' thinks the world of himself. In the animated sequel, Jane said he can fly because he's full of hot air.
* ''Literature/{{Gone}}'' Caine goes from a severe, more alarming version of a {{Jerkass}} to asking to be refered it as Your Highness and declaring himself king. It doesn't go well
%%* ''Literature/ThePictureOfDorianGray'' by Creator/OscarWilde.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'':
** Lord Voldemort choose the relics of the Hogwarts founders because he wanted to associate himself with them because, in his view, he deserved it.
** Gilderoy Lockhart is the KnowNothingKnowItAll who [[LaserGuidedAmnesia obliviates people]] to preserve his reputation.
%%* The depiction of Albrecht von Wallenstein in Friedrich Schiller's ''Theatre/{{Wallenstein}}'' trilogy.

* ''Series/{{House}}'': Gregory House is a JerkAss ([[HiddenHeartOfGold heart of gold]] nonewithstanding) whose only friendship is constantly in danger because of his attempts to exploit it. He also is constantly manipulative of everyone around him, [[ItAmusedMe often just for his own amusement]].
%%* [[http://ask.metafilter.com/83417/Hollywoods-finest Michael]] from ''Series/{{The Office|US}}''
%%* TheMaster from ''Series/DoctorWho''.
* Dr. Cox from ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' is the greatest doctor of them all, a diagnosing machine, this fabulous thing. Too bad his personal life is in shambles. The show has also delivered AnAesop when showing how a little bit of confidence is not necessarily a bad thing and goes a long way towards making their patients feeling at ease.
%%* Lex and Lionel Luthor from ''Series/{{Smallville}}''.
* Kara Thrace from ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|Reimagined}}''. "You may call me god", anyone?
%%* Maris Crane from ''Series/{{Frasier}}''.
* ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'': Dennis Reynolds repeatedly refers to himself as a legend and a 'Golden God' despite being no cooler than the others. His shallow, self-interested relationships with almost everyone he interacts with, combined with his constant self-aggrandisement makes him a textbook case.
* [[InsistentTerminology Despite his repeated insistence that he's a high-functioning sociopath]], the version of Sherlock Holmes in the BBC's ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' actually fits the criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder better than APD. He originally takes a liking to Watson because Watson is one of the few people who react with awe instead of getting defensive when [[NoSocialSkills Sherlock blurts out]] [[LackOfEmpathy every uncomfortable fact]] [[SherlockScan that he deduces about their lives]] to show off. The reason [[spoiler: Moriarty]] finds it so easy [[HeroWithBadPublicity to turn people against him]] later in the series is because [[InsufferableGenius his arrogant attitude]] makes so many people angry that few people want to give him the benefit of the doubt. Despite his generally self-centered outlook on life, though, [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold he's loyal to people he considers his friends and will risk his life and reputation for them]]. Additionally, unlike a sociopath, he only seems to break laws when it will either [[AntiHero further his skills as a detective or help people]].

[[AC:Religion and Mythology]]
* {{Satan}} in the versions where he becomes jealous of God and rebels against him. Milton would say that he preferred to rule in Hell because he couldn't rule in Heaven.

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Rick from ''{{Superego}}''
%%* WebVideo/TheNostalgiaChick.
%%* Vriska from ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' is in the process [[PlayingWithATrope plays with]] the concept of a MarySue.

* ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'': Azula is very competent when she's sure of herself which leads to a high opinion of herself. [[spoiler: When her "best friends" betrayed her]] she became increasingly narassistic ''and'' paranoid.
%%* ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'': Knock Out


[[folder:Dependent Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dependent_personality_disorder Having its origins]] as a form of constant anxiety, this disorder causes people to be afraid of doing anything on their own out of fear of failure and always wanting someone there to help them. When on their own, either through freezing up or lack of training, these people have difficulty functioning. When their [[LivingEmotionalCrutch emotional crutch]] is with them, they might be more competent, but they are still nowhere close to reaching their full potential. Under a certain age this is to be expected, so it's a requirement that you must be 18 years or older to be diagnosed.

Both the dependent and narcissist want others to take care of their needs, but the dependent is able to realize that others have needs too. The dependent can become overly submissive, with dependents frequently remaining in an abusive relationship. Worse, an abuser will usually lower the dependent's self-esteem further to make them ''even more'' dependent.

Adaptive variations derive huge satisfaction from working as a team. They feel out of their element when having to go it alone but can stand on their own if they have to.

Compare LivingEmotionalCrutch, ExtremeDoormat.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* ''Manga/DeathNote'':
** Misa Amane, who ''lives and breathes'' her self-centered "boyfriend" Light to the point she literally wouldn't be able to go on living without him. [[spoiler:And so simply doesn't, after his death, killing herself on Valentine's Day.]]
** Teru Mikami, as well. His blind devotion to Kira and the pursuit of justice is his sole reason for living. When Light sells him out, Mikami's mind breaks completely.
* ''Anime/FullmetalAlchemist'': Wrath from the 2003 anime version. [[spoiler:The lack of affection he receives eventually drives him insane, and leads him to believe that Sloth is his mother, to whom he literally fuses himself together so he will never be abandoned.]]
* As revealed in chapter 114 of ''Manga/TokyoGhoul re'' [[spoiler: Tooru Mutsuki is this as they are bitter ever since Sasaki left the Quinx squad and realize they love them when they see them with Touka. He ends up stabbing Uta (who had taken on Sasaki's face) repeatedly while ordering him to never leave his side again and then undressing from the waist up while sitting atop their mutilated body.]]

%%[[AC:{{Comic Books}}]]
%%* Klara Prast and Karolina Dean from ''{{Runaways}}''.

%%* Bertie Wooster of the Literature/JeevesAndWooster stories
* Caramon Majere from the ''Literature/{{Dragonlance}}'' series relies on his [[PolarOppositeTwins brother]] to think for him, suffers from low self-esteem due to constant put-downs, seems to have no [[DesperatelyLookingForAPurposeInLife purpose in life]] without someone to look after, and falls apart completely when left alone. Learning to be a more adaptive version of this personality type is a major part of his character development.

%%* Buster from ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment''

%%* Adrian Andrews of ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'', though it's incorrectly referred to as "codependency", which is not quite the same.
* ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'': [[spoiler:In her own arc, Shion Sozonaki]]. Her psychological dependence on Satoshi drives her villainous actions. In other arcs, she latches onto Satoshi's kid sister Satoko and becomes murderous when Satoko is in danger.

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Helen Bixby from ''{{Superego}}''.

%%* Tala from ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeagueUnlimited''.


[[folder:Borderline Personality Disorder]]

[[AdvertisingCampaigns Sometimes you feel like a nut, sometimes you don't]].

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borderline_personality_disorder Mother nature]] creates mental defenses that aren't important for survival. Indeed, sufferers of this disorder often show chronic depression and anxiety disorders. Often times this disorder will be diagnosed after someone threatens or [[BungledSuicide attempts suicide]]. Borderlines often report a [[DarkAndTroubledPast history of childhood trauma]]. Prospective studies (those that interview people before the disorder starts) have shown that abuse correlates to the development of BPD, but is not necessary for its development. Some conceptualize the disorder as trauma based, calling it Complex PTSD or C-PTSD.

There has been talk about renaming this disorder to "emotionally unstable personality disorder" because it provides a better description of what's going on. The name "borderline" is an ArtifactTitle from when patients were thought to be borderline schizophrenic (which is actually more a trait of the schizotypal). As psychiatrists found out more about schizophrenia, they came to realize that only a portion of borderline patients suffered from bouts of psychosis; thus, a name change was in order. There is evidence to suggest it has connections to bipolar disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, and dissociation instead.

The life of a borderline can be described as chaotic. They often report feeling empty or bored. Lack of self-image leaves the patient feeling baffled in any situation, with no clue how to feel or think. With no concrete identity, they resort to theatrics, which proves exhausting and typically fools no one. They derive little satisfaction from this juggling of identities or even personal achievements, given the lack of emotional connection to them. This is often relieved by interpersonal relationships. Note that these can become unstable due to [[BlackAndWhiteInsanity black and white thinking]] and their quickly shifting moods. They are also prone to nihilism, and have difficulty making and maintaining long-term plans. Even with an understanding of what's going on, few people have patience for the superficial and self-sabotaging nature of BPD, and the often-mercurial moods and idealization/devaluation cycles help contribute to the burned bridges and revolving doors of people that frequently mark their lives.

Their moods can be described as mercurial. They can go from happy in the morning to suicidal by lunch time. It doesn't take much to shatter a borderline's good mood. Naturally, they seek to keep their mood 'up' with things that promise instant gratification. This includes use of addictive drugs, alcoholism, UsefulNotes/SelfHarm, reckless spending, dangerous sex, and [[WeightWoe disordered eating (anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating are common)]], as well as more innocuous vices like porn. However, borderlines have a tendency towards depression, frequently describing feelings of emptiness, or brokenness. The vast majority of borderlines also meet the criteria of Major Depressive Disorder.

Contrary to popular culture's depiction (we're looking at you, ''Film/FatalAttraction''), those with BPD are seldom AxCrazy or {{Consummate Liar}}s — though occasional examples exist, and there is a reason why the vast, ''vast'' majority of clinical presentations involve abuse — and are far more prone to punishing themselves than others. Though they are [[PleaseDontLeaveMe terrified of abandonment]] and will take dramatic actions to avoid it, they're more likely to do so by threatening or attempting self harm rather than taking an IfICantHaveYou approach. (Note: Despite UsefulNotes/SelfHarm being listed in the criteria for BPD, UsefulNotes/SelfHarm is not necessarily indicative of BPD.) It is estimated that 1 in 10 people diagnosed with this disorder [[DrivenToSuicide will die at their own hands]]. Risk factors for completed suicide include previous suicide attempts (even if they seem manipulative), severe depression, substance abuse, and recent rejection. Any threats of suicide should be taken seriously; even if you suspect that it is manipulative (which it very well may be), treat it as if it were legitimate and act accordingly.

However, it should be noted that BPD is considered one of the most treatable personality disorders out there, with a high rate of remission over time with properly treated patients; dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) was created for the exact purpose of treating BPD, and treatment-compliant patients almost always experience major tangible improvements from DBT. It is often called the "good prognosis diagnosis". Like all personality disorders, borderline personality disorder runs on a spectrum; there may be Bob, who has been in and out of jail and various psych wards since he was a teenager, has multiple restraining orders out against him, can't keep a job for more than a few months before he has a meltdown and gets fired, goes through a revolving door of friends and partners, and is still living with his parents into his thirties because he is too unstable to care for himself, but there is also Alice, who may have had a few hospitalizations in her time and several friendships and relationships that were damaged beyond repair, but manages to live a productive and happy life with an understanding partner and friends thanks to therapy and medication, whose low points may still be rough, but are more manageable and don't destroy her life.

See MoodSwinger and BlackAndWhiteInsanity for the Hollywood version of two symptoms of borderline personality disorder.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Mello, of ''Manga/DeathNote''. He exhibits the black-and-white thinking, impulsiveness, extreme emotional reactions, intense mood swings, and severe inferiority complex associated with this disorder. Additionally, people with BPD often desire closeness, but due to their disorder tend to alienate people more than anything; from what little we see of him during his time at Wammy's House, he's always isolated.
* Lust from [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the 2003 anime version]] of ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist''. Her fear of a lack of human connections is what motivates her to pursue the Philosopher's Stone and, eventually join the Elrics.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'': [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSeICkJFJLM#t=4m12s Misato]] is often drinking herself stupid or losing herself in sex. Her childhood was not a happy one.
* Misaki from ''Anime/WelcomeToTheNHK''. Her portrayal in the novel and anime already exhibits the necessary symptoms required for diagnosis, but her manga incarnation is much worse. In the manga, she is shown to suffer from all nine symptoms of BPD (the amount needed for diagnosis is five) and is portrayed as even less functional than the incredibly neurotic Sato. Hell, in the manga, her school counselor outright states that she has the disorder.
%%* Shinn Asuka from ''GundamSeedDestiny''
* ''Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica'': [[spoiler:Sayaka Miki]] has a black and white worldview, fears abandonment, breaks down under pressure, is prone to violent outbursts when frustrated, and becomes suicidal. [[spoiler: When she finds out she can never be with Kyousuke, she snaps.]]
* Akito from ''Manga/FruitsBasket''. He/She is utterly dependent on how others perceive them, even though they abuse their family members.
%%* Alois Trancy from ''Manga/BlackButler''

* Harvey Dent[=/=]ComicBook/TwoFace from ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', although varying based on the interpretation, usually has at least five symptoms (personality disassociation, black-and-white splitting, mood swings, alternating between extreme idealization and devaluation, and frequent outbursts of inappropriate anger), which is enough for a diagnosis.
* ''ComicBook/TheTransformersMoreThanMeetsTheEye'' has the character Whirl. He's definitely a JerkAss, but he canonically suffers from self-loathing, mood swings and feelings of isolation, displayed sporadic signs of energon abuse, and is ''so'' excessively impulsive that he even managed to get kicked out of ''the Wreckers.'' His crewmates find it difficult to take him seriously because he's a constant DeadpanSnarker, or maybe he's not snarking and is serious. He has had multiple PetTheDog moments and displays TheAtoner qualities. And when he picks fights it's with those of equal or greater strength. Finally he has [[DeathSeeker attempted suicide]] on more than one occasion, but with varying motives. He's more of a danger to himself than his crewmates.

[[AC:[[AnimatedFilm Film-Animated]]]]
* Elsa from the Disney movie ''Disney/{{Frozen}}'' displays enough of the DSM-V criteria needed to be diagnosed with the disorder, showing unstable emotions, intense outbursts of anger, unstable identity, chronic feelings of emptiness, impulsivity, and difficulties with interpersonal relationships. Also, her upbringing is one typically found in those with the disorder: experiencing a traumatic event when she hits her sister Anna with her powers, being in an emotionally invalidating environment were she has to "conceal, don't feel" her emotions in an attempt to control her powers, and being forced to "be the good girl she always has to be."

* Alex Forest from ''Film/FatalAttraction'' is often considered a classic example of the disorder, based on her clinginess and instability. Unfortunately she is a rather unflattering depiction of someone with the disorder which encourages the stereotype of borderline people as [[InsaneEqualsViolent violent stalkers]], as well as AlwaysFemale. A derogatory name based on a gruesome scene in the movie, "bunny boiler", entered popular culture as a synonym for "crazy and jealous ex-girlfriend".
* Patrick Bateman from ''Film/AmericanPsycho''. By his own admission, Bateman has no set identity and just tells people what they want to hear. He is extremely insecure about his lack of professional and personal gloss (his job and clothes all came from daddy), and lashes out at anyone who calls attention it.
* In ''Franchise/StarWars'', Anakin Skywalker/Darth Vader has been [[http://www.livescience.com/culture/psychology-darth-vader-revealed-100604.html theorized]] to have this disorder. Psychiatry Research (Vol. 185) had a paper about him, proposing that lessons learned from the movie's portrayal of him, and demographic responses, could be used for public education about the disorder. Specifically, the researchers pointed out his unstable moods, fear of abandonment, impulsivity, and identity disturbances as key features of BPD and argued he met the criteria to be diagnosed professionally.
** The same could be said for Anakin/Vader's grandson, Kylo Ren from ''Film/TheForceAwakens''.
* Amanda Young from the ''Franchise/{{Saw}}'' films. Her blind devotion to punishing those that she perceives as evil is too intense even for Jigsaw, her mentor.
* Diane Selwyn in ''Film/MulhollandDrive'' exhibits the classic Borderline symptoms of suicidal ideation, intense anger, splitting, chronic feelings of emptiness, and excessive efforts to avoid abandonment.
* David Lynch seems to love this trope. Dorothy Vallens in ''Film/BlueVelvet'' and Laura Palmer in ''Film/TwinPeaksFireWalkWithMe'' each show enough symptoms to qualify for a diagnosis of BPD.
* Tiffany Maxwell from ''Film/SilverLiningsPlaybook'' is a good example. She can't sit still for long, and finds comfort in the arms of skeevy, older men.
* Sissy from ''Film/{{Shame}}'' has a fear of abandonment, cuts herself, and engages in self-destructive behavior.
%%* Miss G from ''{{Cracks}}''.
* Heidi from the Australian film ''Film/{{Somersault}}'' is another realistic version. She has an extreme fear of abandonment and engages in self-destructive behavior.
%%* The titular character in ''Film/{{My Super Ex-Girlfriend}}''
* Loki from ''Film/{{Thor}}'' has [[DrivenToSuicide tried to commit suicide]], [[YouAreWhatYouHate is prone to self-sabotage and self-destruction]], and [[CainAndAbel tries to kill his brother Thor several times]], but then is hurt [[BigBrotherWorship when neither he]] [[WellDoneSonGuy nor his father]] visit him in prison. A lot of his aggression during the first film could be seen as frantic efforts to avoid abandonment by his family...by pushing them away first.
* ''Film/CrimsonPeak'': Lady Lucille Sharpe's sense of self is unstable and what little she has revolves around her brother and their ancestral home. Her moods are extremely volatile, and she flies into rages at the thought of being abandoned.

* The book ''Film/GirlInterrupted'' is based on its author's stay in a mental institution after being diagnosed with borderline personality disorder.
* Millie Roper from [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Borderline]], an urban fantasy novel by Mishell Baker, is a literal example of this trope, given that she is diagnosed with BPD and works in Hollywood.
%%* Ms. Havisham from ''Literature/GreatExpectations''.
%%* Lydia of Peter Moore's ''Caught In The Act''.
%%* Grantaire from Les Misérables

* InUniverse Andrea speculates that Emily Valentine suffers from BPD on * ''Series/BeverlyHills90210''
* ''Series/LawAndOrderCriminalIntent'' features two episodes with suspects specifically said to suffer from BPD. Maya (played by Caroline Dhavernas) in "Love Sick" and Charlene (played by Missy Crider) in "Bedfellows." In each episodes their symptoms are listed.
* Dennis Reynolds on ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'', who has been diagnosed with BPD InUniverse, suffers from severe mood swings, bouts of anorexia, and a self-described feeling of "emptiness".
* ''Series/GraysAnatomy'' Recurring character Rebecca Pope was diagnosed InUniverse.
* Oliver Trask of ''Series/TheOC'' though he claims to be diagnosed with depression, also exhibits many of the criteria for borderline personality disorder, as listed in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders such as an unstable and false image of himself, recurrent suicidal gestures, his mood fluctuates very rapidly, going from depressed states to relatively happy ones, and he occasionally has trouble controlling his anger.
* Taylor Townsend also of ''Series/TheOC'' is a more positive portrayal.
* Cheryl Blossom on ''Series/{{Riverdale}}'' displays symptoms include extreme fear of abandonment (she completely lost it when her twin brother died and emotionally crumbled), erratic mood swings (she switches from friendly to angry within a short time span), unpredictable bouts of anger (part of what makes her a Mood-Swinger), black and white views of things (she either thinks that someone is the best person who she worships and idealizes but if they disappoint her, she will think they are the worst person ever), chaotic relationships with others (all of her relationships are highly intense especially the one with her twin brother Jason), self destructive behaviors, and suicidal attempt
* Margaret "Marty" Saybrooke ''Series/OneLifeToLive'' by her own admission fears abandonment, pushes people away and engages in self-destructive behavior.
* Rebecca Bunch, the titular ''Series/CrazyExGirlfriend'', is eventually diagnosed with BPD InUniverse.

* Both of the eponymous characters of ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' suffers from this, in addition to being impulsive teens themselves. Throughout the play itself, both also had behaviors from this disorder which eventually led to their suicides; chronic depression, rushing into love, marriage and sex, changing from one mood to another and contemplating about killing themselves for each other.

[[AC:Web Animation]]
* Paintbrush from ''WebAnimation/InanimateInsanity'' has some traits in common with the condition. The most prominent is their HairTriggerTemper at their teammate's [[EnragedByIdiocy nonsensical behavior]], going from friendly and pragmatic to violent and destructive, even going so far as to attack their teammates. They always apologize afterward however.

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Quin from ''{{Superego}}''.
%%* WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic.

%%* Azula from ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''.


[[folder:Antisocial Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antisocial_personality_disorder Often referred to]] as TheSociopath, this person is [[ItsAllAboutMe the same as the narcissist]] except they won't take it personally if you kick them out. The only reason they'll stay in somebody's life is because that person is gullible and there's no need to reinvent the wheel. When in doubt, narcissists want others to take care of their needs and wants. They can appreciate friends - you can show off to friends or show off rich and attractive friends or go out with friends and show off to everybody - even if they do always put themselves first. Antisocials will simply take what they need or want, and don't think of anybody as a friend; everybody is a tool. They have a reputation for rationalizing acts most would consider [[KickTheDog dog kicking]], in the process shaming their accuser for standing up for themselves.

Humans on average lean towards conservatism due to biological urges that make it as natural as breathing or having sex. People with antisocial personality disorder don't have these urges, or they exist in diminished capacity. So if you want these individuals to be prosocial, the behaviour will have to be learned which becomes harder to teach as the antisocial individual grows older.

Antisocial behaviour is theorised to be nature's defence against leaders who don't have our best interests in mind, {{Obstructive Bureaucrat}}s, and other situations where the disadvantages of being part of a group outweigh the benefits. When someone has a habit of obviously violating other people's rights and uses this as an excuse, they are said to have antisocial personality disorder. People with an antisocial style are action and adventure seekers or artists and scientists who have no qualms of violating established rules or disproving widely held theories. Precursors include Theophastrus's ''The Unscrupulous Man'', Philippe Pinel's ''moral insanity'', psychopathy, and sociopathy.

Like the paranoid, they see everybody else as always out to get them. The difference is the paranoid has a set of standards they abide by. Paranoids are nice people trying to survive in a world where everybody else is a sadistic psychopath. Antisocials are sadistic psychopaths trying to survive in a world where everybody else is a sadistic psychopath.

Despite the popular image of the antisocial as always a criminal, the antisocial can be contrasted against most criminals, who will usually take precautions against getting caught.

Also sometimes known as the Psychopathic or Sociopathic Personality. See also LackOfEmpathy and TheSociopath.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Beyond Birthday of ''Manga/DeathNote''. He's a remorseless killer who wants to upstage L.
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'': Solf J. Kimblee . A very high-functioning and affable man who kills without empathy.
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'': Deidara, Hidan and Orochimaru. These three are the most sadistic and cruel characters in the entire series.

* Edward Blake from ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}''. The man has zero empathy and kills without a second thought.
* The Doll from Creator/AlanMoore's ''ComicBook/{{Promethea}}'' is referred to as an [[http://www.enjolrasworld.com/Annotations/Alan%20Moore/Promethea/2-The%20Judgement%20of%20Solomon.htm omnipath]]
-->omnipath: appears to be a word coined by Alan Moore. I couldn't find it in the Oxford English Dictionary but it could be a
-->combination of two words the Latin omnis meaning 'all' and the Greek pathos meaning "suffering'.
-->I asked Paul [=McFedries=] who runs the wordspy website about omnipath and his reply was as follows :
-->My guess is that, in this case, the author is trying to let us know that the character is a psychopath, a sociopath, and
-->whatever other -path you can think of that implies deviancy, a twisted\ mind, and extreme antisocial behaviour.

* The late Creator/HeathLedger's portrayal of ComicBook/TheJoker in ''Film/TheDarkKnight''. He's open about his evilness and thinks everyone else is just as bad. In regards to authority, he considers himself an agent of chaos ruining ThePlan.
* Lisa in ''Film/GirlInterrupted'' is diagnosed with this disorder. She demonstrates the trademark lack of empathy by taking Daisy's money from her corpse.
* ''Film/AClockworkOrange'': Alex enjoys ultra-violence as a pastime and is this is why he is conditioned to become violently ill if he tries it again. It was the only way to stop him.
* Norman Stansfield from ''Film/TheProfessional''. Antisocial, lacks empathy and murders without a shred of remorse.
%%* Hannibal Lector from ''Film/SilenceOfTheLambs''.
* Freddy Krueger from ''Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet''. He started out killing animals in childhood, relished his killing of children in adulthood, and continues killing teens in their nightmares. This is clearly shown when he could have stopped killing after all of the [[Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet4TheDreamMaster Elm Street kids were dead]]. Considering there were 4 more movies in the franchise, well...
* [[BigBad Emperor Palpatine/Darth Sidious]] from ''Franchise/StarWars''. He treats everyone like expendable tools, even [[TheDragon his closest advisor]], starts a galaxy-wide war just so he can seize power, [[TheCorrupter corrupts]] [[WouldHurtAChild an innocent child]] to further his own plans, [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder and constantly stabs people in the back while pretending to be a trusted friend.]] In fact, every time he seems to genuinely care about another person, [[PragmaticVillainy it's usually only because he has something to gain from pretending to be their friend.]]
* Jenner from ''TheSecretOfNimh''. All he cares about is gaining power and doesn't care who he has to kill to gain it.
%%* Castor Troy from ''Film/FaceOff''.
%%* Hans Gruber from ''Film/DieHard'' and his brother, Simon from ''Film/DieHardWithAVengeance''.
%%* Hans Landa from ''Film/InglouriousBasterds''.
* Jordan Belfort from ''Film/TheWolfOfWallStreet''. During the course of the movie, he [[ConsummateLiar repeatedly lies to con people out of money or get himself out of trouble, with no thought to how his victims will be affected]], [[LackOfEmpathy fails to see other people as something other than a means to an end]], and seems to be incapable of learning from his mistakes, [[IgnoredEpiphany even when you think he's hit rock bottom and he can't possibly sink any lower]].
* Lucille Sharpe from ''Film/CrimsonPeak'' had a good excuse for what she did in her childhood, as she did it partially to protect her brother and herself from her abusive parents, but [[spoiler:if you listen closely to the echo of her mother's death scene that accompanies her mother's ghost, you can hear a childish giggle before a terrified scream, implying that 14 year old Lucille giggled before she split her mother's head open with a meat cleaver. She precedes to kill many more people as an adult, and the only death she ever shows remorse for is her brother's.]]

* Lord Voldemort from ''Literature/HarryPotter''. Even as a child, [[ConsummateLiar he was a skilled liar]] and [[MasterActor actor]] who simply decided to get better at hiding [[JerkWithAHeartOfJerk his true nature]] from his professors after [[BigGood one of them]] tried to scare him straight. In the orphanage in which he grew up, [[TroublingUnchildlikeBehavior he used his magic to scare the other kids]], [[SerialKiller killing one little boy's pet rabbit by hanging it from the rafters]] and scaring two other children so badly after taking them [[NothingIsScarier on a mysterious trip into a cave]] that [[WouldHurtAChild they stopped speaking altogether]]. As an adolescent, he went on to [[spoiler: [[SelfMadeOrphan kill his father and grandparents]]]], as an adult, [[HeroKiller he murdered countless magical]] and [[FantasticRacism non-magical people]], and his defining character moment at the beginning of the books was ''[[MoralEventHorizon trying to kill a one year old child]]''. Throughout the series, he showed consistent disregard for the rights of others, and did not seem to be capable of learning from his mistakes.
* Literature/SherlockHolmes has 2 villains who had all the opportunities to become to have great honest careers. James Moriarty was a well respected college professor. Sebastian Moran was considered an honorable soldier. In both cases, they where influenced by a genetic disorder to take up a dishonest lifestyle, perhaps Antisocial Personality Disorder.
--> "There are some trees, Watson, which grow to a certain height, and then suddenly develop some unsightly eccentricity. You will see it often in humans. I have a theory that the individual represents in his development the whole procession of his ancestors, and that such a sudden turn to good or evil stands for some strong influence which came into the line of his pedigree. The person becomes, as it were, the epitome of the history of his own family." --'''The Adventure of the Empty House''': Sherlock Holmes
%%* Luzhin and Svidrigajlov from CrimeAndPunishment
* Ellsworth Toohey from ''Literature/TheFountainhead'' shows a compulsive need for destruction, superficial charm, manipulative behaviour, sadistic tendencies and a need for control in all of his relationships.
%%* Heathcliffe from ''Literature/WutheringHeights''.

%%* Sylar of ''Series/{{Heroes}}''
* Most soulless vampires on ''Series/{{Buffy The Vampire Slayer}}'' and ''Series/{{Angel}}'', although not all of them. Spike without a soul, was no worse than Narcissistic. Angelus (Angel without a soul) is a classic case, although not all real people with this disorder are violent.
* The Janitor from ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' is a habitual liar who thinks tripping someone and breaking their neck is hilarious.
* ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment'' provides a few interesting characters:
** Maebe
*** Lack of responsibility - frequently truant from school, finding others to do her homework
*** ConsummateLiar - Effortlessly pretends to be a film executive.
*** Theft from the banana stand, within which there is always money
** GOB
*** Parasitic lifestyle - doesn't work a day in his life until he does so accidentally
*** ManipulativeBastard - one of the best
*** LackOfEmpathy - Feels no responsibility for his son, even going as far as making a campaign video mocking him for not knowing who is father is.
** Lindsey
*** All of the above plus she is super entitled
*** Insincerity - starts many "causes" based on whatever she perceives to be an issue at that point and shows shallow love for her daughter
*** Egocentricity - is more bothered by the fact that her husband doesn't find her attractive than the fact that her marriage is a sham.
%%** [[TheManBehindTheMan Lucille]]
* Kronos from ''Series/HighlanderTheSeries''. He spent millennia as a remorseless killer of immortals and mortals alike, but unlike other immortals, including [[spoiler: [[TheAtoner Methos]]]], his former [[BloodBrothers brother in arms]], failed to change with the times as society around him grew less accepting of violent lifestyles. One of his other 'brothers', Caspian, probably had APD too, but then again, [[ImAHumanitarian that was the least]] [[AxCrazy of his problems]].
* Ray from ''Series/{{Stalker}}''. He's an abusive, controlling murderer who [[spoiler: killed his ex-girlfriend's family, and thinks nothing of kidnapping her friend and killing his partner in crime [[EvenEvilHasStandards when he tries to help her escape]].]] Appropriately enough, considering that this is a show in which the detectives have some expertise dealing with people with mental health issues, he was actually diagnosed as a psychopath in-show.

* ''VideoGame/{{Yandere Simulator}}'': Ayano Aishi/Yandere-Chan admits that she's never been able to feel emotions in the intro of the game. While she pretends to be normal, she isn't able to feel anything and is unable to relate well with others. The only one able to make her feel anything is [[SingleTargetSexuality Senpai]]. She'll do anything to make sure no one comes between them, such as spreading rumors, manipulation, blackmailing, kidnapping, psychological torture, or cold-blooded murder.

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Louis from ''{{Superego}}''.

* Eric Cartman from ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark''. While largely a [[ComedicSociopathy comedic example]], he demonstrates all of the tell-tale symptoms of a genuine young sociopath.
* Fire Lord Ozai from ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''. In contrast to his narcissistic daughter, he doesn't care about admiration in the slightest.

[[folder:Histrionic Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histrionic_personality_disorder An evolution of]] the [[UsefulNotes/VictorianBritain Victorian era]] concept of the HystericalWoman, people with this disorder aren't looking for material wealth but [[AttentionWhore attention]] and have developed [[IHaveBoobsYouMustObey an effective means of acquiring it]]. Being a {{Ditz}} or ReallyGetsAround isn't a requirement for this disorder.

Despite popular conception, people with this disorder aren't always promiscuous, though they often are; it's more about compulsive attention seeking and dramatic behavior, and a conception of self worth rooted in the approval of others.

People with this disorder are [[HotBlooded highly emotional]], [[TheCharmer charming]], [[GenkiGirl energetic]], [[ManipulativeBastard manipulative]], [[FemmeFatale seductive]], impulsive, erratic, and demanding, often gullible, have low tolerance for frustration, and are overly concerned with their appearance. A lot of people with this disorder lead successful careers where they're a valuable member of their company. The problem with this disorder is those afflicted have difficulty sustaining romantic relationships and personal friendships because of their stormy nature and perceived insincerity. Interestingly, this is the only personality disorder directly connected with physical appearance - HPD is more prevalent among individuals with above-average looks.

Dependents and histrionics are after the advantages of being part of a group. While dependents sit around and hope someone comes along, histrionics are go-getters.

Please read the description and don't list people simply because they're a GoodBadGirl or EthicalSlut. Men can have this disorder; [[DoubleStandard most people with an official diagnosis (as opposed to going undetected) are female.]] The less severe the disorder becomes, the more they sincerely gravitate towards ManicPixieDreamGirl and/or WhenSheSmiles.

See also AttentionWhore, DramaQueen, GloryHound, GlorySeeker and FemmeFatale.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Kanon Nakagawa from ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' dislikes people who don't show interest in her and only became an idol singer because she felt people weren't paying enough attention to her.

%%* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_1U2VpDZL8 Austin Powers]] from ''Film/AustinPowers''. YEAH BABY!
%%* [[http://www.neiu.edu/~mecondon/cinfilm.htm Scarlett O'Hara]] from ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''
* [[http://www.neiu.edu/~mecondon/cinfilm.htm Blanche [=DuBois=] ]] from ''Film/AStreetcarNamedDesire'' has a phobia of growing old and becoming unattractive to men.
%%* Amber Sweet from ''Film/RepoTheGeneticOpera''.

%%* Maria Bertram from ''Literature/MansfieldPark''.
%%* Mr. Toad from ''Literature/WindInTheWillows''.

* Stephen Colbert from the ''Series/TheColbertReport'' and in-character appearances in other media runs on applause.
* It has been [[http://healthyliving.msn.com/health-wellness/the-10-most-dysfunctional-characters-on-tv#10 professionally suggested]] that Caroline Channing on ''Series/TwoBrokeGirls'' is a classic case of HPD.
-->''Her symptoms: Seeming to overcome her mother’s abandonment and father’s Ponzi scheme, Caroline comes off as resilient. But Caroline also craves attention, is flirty (sometimes to a fault) and is overly concerned about her appearance.''
* Dee on ''Series/ItsAlwaysSunnyInPhiladelphia'' shows the classic histrionic symptoms of being; demanding, gullible, a low frustration tolerance, overly concerned with her appearance, energetic, manipulative, seductive, impulsive, and erratic.

* ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog''; it has been debated as to whether he fights evil for the rush, or for the attention. While this doesn't mean he wouldn't fight it anyway, he has been shown to bask in the attention and recognition he gets from being the hero.

[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Ava from ''{{Superego}}''.
* WebVideo/AskThatGuyWithTheGlasses is a mix of this and {{narcissist}}, as he has a compulsion to fuck anything with or without a hole in it, bemoans that he has no ability to call anyone back, and creams his pants while looking at himself.
* Donnie [=DuPre=] from ''WebVideo/DemoReel'' is needy, slutty partly because he's trapped in a loveless marriage, clingy to people he just met and the only way we see him getting what he wants is through bedroom eyes and ''plenty'' of handsiness. Explained and made sympathetic by his tragic backstory: [[spoiler: his mother committed suicide when he was a child and for the rest of his life, others treated him like he was worthless]].

* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'':
** Rarity almost always tries to be the center of attention, she frequently wears clothing inappropriate for current situation (a common symptom of HPD), and is extremely [[LargeHam over dramatic]] and emotional. This strains her relationship with her younger sister who complains that Rarity always tries to steal attention away from her, even at times when she actually wasn't.
** Trixie is a show pony that calls herself "the great and powerful" whenever possible. She will not tolerate anyone stealing her spotlight.

[[folder:Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder]]

[[NonIndicativeName Surprisingly]], this is an entirely different disorder than Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. In fact, it is more similar to the common perception of OCD; As Wiki/TheOtherWiki states: "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obsessive-compulsive_personality_disorder These people are]] very anal-retentive about [[SuperOCD making sure everything is perfect]]. While there are situations where it's justified, your average person's motivations can only hold out for so long. People with Obsessive-Compulsive PD have a hard time grasping that their anxiety is too overwhelming to take other people's feelings into consideration."

OCD itself usually involves intrusive thoughts (called obsessions) of something terrible happening, often, but not always, accompanied by the need to perform rituals (called compulsions) as a defense from the thoughts coming true. OCPD tends to involve excessive [[ThePerfectionist perfectionism]] and interest in detail. An example of the difference between them is that people with OCPD tend to be all right with their behavior, while people with OCD often feel worse after performing the compulsions. That said, a person might have both disorders, since they both stem from anxiety.

Higher functioning suffers of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder can be very effective [[TheLeader team leaders]] or workers since their perfectionism drives them to get the job done. Lower functioning ones tend to have trouble getting projects in on time since they're busy making it ''juuust'' right, or tend to focus on the task itself while losing sight of the overall goal. They can also be a pain to work with, either chewing out subordinates for not living up to their (universally applied) standards or just not entrusting any tasks to anyone at all (because they would only mess it up).

This behavior can be found in watered down and comedic forms all over the media but they usually don't portray the full ramifications of what it's like to have obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

!!Examples from various media

%%* Roy Walker from ''Film/MatchstickMen''.
* ''Film/{{Parenthood}}'': Nathan's behavior in several scenes up until the third act implies that he may have OCPD. Specifically, Nathan tries to raise his daughter Patty as a ChildProdigy, and at one point, snaps at Susan over [[spoiler:wanting another baby after checking the broken diaphragm]].
%%* Bob Wiley from ''Film/WhatAboutBob''.

%%* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Dolores Umbridge
* Sauron from ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' is described as having "loved order and coordination" which led to his desire to [[TakeOverTheWorld rule Middle-Earth]].
* The perfectionistic and rule-obsessed Inspector Javert from Literature/LesMiserables. The traits he shows: "Is overconscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values." [[KnightTemplar Check.]] "Shows rigidity and stubbornness." [[{{Determinator}} Check.]] "Shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion." One of the reasons Jean Valjean keeps escaping him is because Javert insists on having the evidence, so... Check. "Is excessively devoted to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships." Due to lack of evidence to the contrary, check.

%%* Alan from ''Series/TwoAndAHalfMen'' gets like this sometimes until Charlie reminds Alan whose house it is.
%%* Felix Unger from ''Theatre/TheOddCouple''.
%%* Monica Gellar from ''Series/{{Friends}}''
* Series/{{Monk}} uses his obsession for perfection and details to solves cases.
* ''Series/TheHour'': Randall Brown is a high-functioning variant; his perfectionism and obsessive organization show how good a team leader he is and how difficult of a person to live with.
%%* Emma on Series/{{Glee}}, to the point where it affects her personal relationships.

%%* The Engineer from ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2''

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Percy from ''{{Superego}}''.

%%* Mr. Herriman from ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends''.
%%* Rabbit from ''Franchise/WinnieThePooh''.
%%* Hank Hill of ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill''

[[folder:Avoidant Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avoidant_personality_disorder Racked with self doubt]], low self esteem, and social anxiety. They can sometimes be so withdrawn that they look like Schizoids on the outside. The difference is that Avoidants desperately want to be with people but are too afraid to, while true Schizoids (usually) aren't interested.

Avoidants have been known to employ paranoid and passive-aggressive defenses, but there are a sizable majority of avoidants that don't. Narcissists may have avoidant traits, but whereas the pure avoidant buckles under social pressure and retreats into a fantasy world, the narcissist will get drunk off his fantasies and keep plowing forward.

Avoidant personality disorder can also be very similar to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_anxiety_disorder social anxiety disorder]] (it's a point of contention whether or not social anxiety disorder and avoidant personality disorder should be considered separate disorders or merely [[Administrivia/TheSameButMore varying severities of the same disorder]]).

See also SafetyInIndifference, which is what avoidants' philosophy more or less boils down to, and SugarAndIcePersonality, the type of demeanor most avoidants develop. Compare {{Hikikomori}}, ShrinkingViolet.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'':
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EeEFBMxhfIs#t=2m11s Shinji]]'s case is called "Hedgehog's delimma'. He wants to be close to others but is poked by their quills and so he withdraws.
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zD8e5YDiyyU&t=0m12s Gendo]] as well. He puts on a callous Anti-social facade because [[spoiler:he felt he didn't deserve Shinji's love, and so drove him away. He also desperately wanted to see Yui again.]]
%%* Satou from ''Anime/WelcomeToTheNHK''
* ''Anime/PleaseTeacher'': Kei Kusanagi falls more towards an avoidant style but his fictional illness is an exaggerated form of something avoidants can go through if forced into a social setting and they can't escape to solitude.
%%* ''Manga/DeathNote'':Near
%%* ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'': The shy librarian Shiori Shiomiya.
* ''[[Manga/NoMatterHowILookAtItItsYouGuysFaultImNotPopular No Matter How I Look at It, It's You Guys' Fault I'm Not Popular!]]'': Tomoko Kuroki is too anxious and shy to even speak with her fellow classmates, let alone make friends with them.

%%* Woody Allen's movie ''{{Zelig}}'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGRSKx3UGu8#t=8m00s has an example of this.]]
%%* Norman Bates from {{Psycho}}.
* ''Film/GoodDick'': The unnamed female lead credited as "The Woman" shows many features of Avoidant Personality Disorder: hypersensitivity to rejection/criticism, self-imposed social isolation, extreme anxiety in social situations though the person feels a strong desire for close relationships, avoids physical contact because it has been associated with an unpleasant or painful stimulus, self-loathing, mistrust of others, and emotional distancing related to intimacy. She also shows symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder which is frequently concurrent with Avoidant Personality Disorder.

%%* Fanny Price from ''Literature/MansfieldPark''.
%%* Mole from ''Literature/TheWindInTheWillows''.

* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'': Lieutenant Barclay
-->'''Barclay:''' I mean I'm the guy who writes down things to remember to say when there is a party. And then when he finally gets there he winds up alone, in the corner, trying to look... comfortable examining a potted plant.\\
'''Geordi:''' You're just shy Barclay.\\
'''Barclay:''' Just shy... Sounds like nothing serious, doesn't it?

* Laura Wingfield from ''Theatre/TheGlassMenagerie'' is [[http://psycnet.apa.org/books/11476/010 professionally suggested]] to suffer from this:
-->The phenomenon of avoidant personality disorder (PD) is captured in the character Laura in Tennessee Williams's (1945/1999) ''The Glass Menagerie''. Laura is so painfully shy that she is practically homebound; when she does go out, she does not interact with others. Desperately yearning for affection but believing that she is unlovable because of a disability, she interacts mostly with her somewhat overbearing and formerly very popular mother. Laura is a tragic figure, because it seems clear as the drama unfolds that Laura could make a fine companion if only she could escape her demons.

%%* Hanako Ikezawa from ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo.''

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Cherry from ''{{Superego}}''.

* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'':
** Fluttershy is [[MeaningfulName exactly what her name would lead you to believe]]. Her EstablishingCharacterMoment in the first episode is her being unable to introduce herself to Twilight. She is also known to [[ApologisesALot apologize a lot]], [[NotGoodWithPeople prefers the company of non-ponies]], and [[PerformanceAnxiety is prone to nervous breakdowns when she knows that others are watching her]].
** Pinkie Pie's younger sister Marble Pie is ''even shyer'', sporting PeekABangs over her eye and never saying anything other than a quiet, meek, "Mm-hmm".

[[folder:Schizoid Personality Disorder]]

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizoid_personality_disorder Hard to]] [[LivingProp distinguish from background scenery]] [[IneffectualLoner yet somehow manages to be abrasive]]. Severe cases of this disorder resemble catatonic states. If they have [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depersonalization_disorder depersonalization disorder]], they won't be freaked out by it. Similar to {{Asexuality}}, this disorder rarely shows up in the media since it's hard to show a ''lack'' of something, though many characters would meet the criteria if they were less ambitious (which pushes them towards antisocial territory), weren't secretly shy (and thus veering more into avoidant territory), or weren't spiced up with the RuleOfCool. Less severe cases are hard to differentiate from the avoidant. The main difference is that avoidants flee from interpersonal interaction due to severe insecurity and low self-esteem, whereas schizoids lack the interest in the first place, either not enjoying it, finding emotional closeness to be smothering or finding it risky.

On one end, the avoidant and schizoid personality disorders blend into healthy levels of introversion, shyness, and/or asociality; and on the other end, they blend into the schizotypal personality disorder. All three personality disorders are part of the schizophrenic spectrum.

Occasionally, this may be confused with autism, and several of the characters on the list below have also been interpreted as autistic. Many schizoids also show a similar LackOfEmpathy to [[TheSociopath those with antisocial personality disorder]], although it is accompanied by a passive, disinterested behavioral style rather than an aggressive, motivated one.

See also: ExtremeDoormat and EmptyShell.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Houtarou Oreki from ''Anime/{{Hyouka}}''. He's an introvert and shows little interest in romantic relations despite being good with conversation and mental games
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'': Rei is quiet and does what she's told without feeling. In contrast to [[FieryRedhead Asuka]] she has no desire to do anything.
* Mikazuki Augus from ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamIronBloodedOrphans''. He's both incredibly indifferent to most of what goes on around him and [[SociopathicHero prone to sudden violent outbursts]] if you ''do'' manage to get to him. He also seems to outsource all of his moral thinking to Orga, making him look positively psychopathic at times. He'll gun down helpless prisoners and wounded enemy combatants without breaking his usual blandly calm demeanor, as long as it's under Orga's orders.
* ''Anime/AttackOnTitan'': Levi is emotionally cold and has no external sense of motivation or goals outside of survival. He's essentially discarded any sense of obligation to others and while having a strong sense of value for human life (though at times has been shown to be shockingly sadistic and remorseless), proves to be ineffectual in relationships and distant despite others' attempts to know him. The only exception to Levi's coldness and rejection of intimacy is Erwin Smith, his superior and only trusted friend.
* The eponymous Lain Iwakura from ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'', mixed in with Schizophrenia due to her visual and auditory hallucinations, loss of perception of time, paranoid delusions, and inappropriate emotional reactions.
* Kazuo Kiriyama from ''Manga/BattleRoyale''.

* Stephane from the French film ''AHeartInWinter''.
* Leon from ''Film/TheProfessional''.
* The Cenobites from ''Film/{{Hellraiser}}''.
* The doorknob from ''Disney/AliceInWonderland''.

* Literature/SherlockHolmes - shows little interest in confiding in others or romantic relations despite showing perfect social skills, and is indifferent to praise, usually allowing all of the credit to go to whichever police officer Sherlock happens to be working with. His brother Mycroft also shows many characteristics of this personality disorder, including joining a club whose main rule prohibits talking to each other, showing extreme anhedonia manifested by little interest in much, even though his skills are probably superior to those of Sherlock.
* The Underground Man from ''Literature/NotesFromUnderground''. He also probably suffers from Avoidant Personality Disorder.
* Lisbeth Salander from ''Literature/TheMillenniumTrilogy'' is most likely a schizoid. She's a loner with very few friends and acquaintances. She doesn't get close to anyone, and would much prefer to read a book about advanced mathematics, island-hop, or hack a computer than to socialize.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Severus Snape shows little concern or interest in romantic or personal relationship. (except for [[spoiler:[[TheLostLenore one single girl, who happens to be dead]]]]). Is always seen reading, when not teaching, instead of talking with others. Does not express interest in anything that doesn't have anything to do with his interests, studying, or whatever his mind is on or what he perceives as important. In the words of Alan Rickman, 'He is very concentrated...lives a solitary life. Does not have much of a social life.' He has a massive intellect, knows it, and most likely views others beneath him or of just little to no interest.
* Roose Bolton from ''Literature/{{A Song of Ice and Fire}}''.
* Badger from ''Literature/TheWindInTheWillows''.

* Father Stone from the ''Series/FatherTed'' episode "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wMJEg7AXxwU#t=2m23s Entertaining Father Stone]]."
* [[ActionGirl Sameen Shaw]] in ''Series/PersonOfInterest'' has a personality disorder in canon. Exactly which one is not specified (in theory she could have any of the ones listed on this page), and she's often labeled as a sociopath (antisocial), but she better fits the profile of a schizoid, having [[EmotionlessGirl no real emotions apart from anger]] (according to her). The show also makes a RunningGag out of her [[InappropriateHunger wanting food at]] [[TheSnackIsMoreInteresting inappropriate times]], a trait she's had as far back as a childhood car accident that took the life of her father.
-->''"It means when I kill you and your friends, I'm not really gonna feel anything."''
* Ron Swanson from Series/ParksAndRecreation is proudly aloof and rigidly self-sufficient, rarely smiles or laughs, displays little interest in affection to the point of insisting that his friends at work are “workplace proximity associates”, is regularly baffled or annoyed by people's feelings, prefers solitary hobbies such as camping and woodworking, has idiosyncratic social views, and is ''extremely'' secretive. His few anecdotes about his childhood suggest that his parents were also quite distant, which correlates with SPD. He shows other traits common to personality disorders, such as an inconsistent identity (strongly values hard work yet chooses a job where he gives himself a free pass to be as lazy as possible), a history of chaotic romantic relationships, and low tolerance for interpersonal conflict. This is all PlayedForLaughs and doesn't keep him from looking out for the people he cares about, and by the end of the series he's a little more ambitious and a little less emotionally withdrawn.

[[AC:Video Games]]
* Izuru Minesawa from ''VideoGame/TheCaligulaEffect'' is a stoic loner who almost never shows emotions (beyond [[DeadpanSnarker snarking]]). Eventually, he admits to the protagonist that he is mentally ill and describes himself as a malfunctioning robot. Sure enough, the name of his Deep Trauma is "Schizoid Personality".

[[AC:Web Original]]
* Darrel Grey from ''{{Superego}}''.
* Regent from {{Worm}}. His seeming indifference to everything, his social awkwardness, and his disinterest in his teammates all suggest he might be schizoid.

* The eponymous ''WesternAnimation/{{Daria}}''.
* Maud Pie, Pinkie Pie's older sister in ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. She's emotionless to [[TheComicallySerious comedic levels]] and speaks exclusively in CreepyMonotone.

[[folder:Schizotypal Personality Disorder]]

-->''"Poor fellow. Has very interesting behavior. I've been asking the doc what's wrong with him for years now but he keeps saying he's fine."''

Unlike the borderline, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizotypal_personality_disorder these people are]] the true borderline schizophrenics. Like the borderline, they lack a stable sense of self. If someone mentions Easter, they immediately think the Easter Bunny's right ear, something else more specific than the average person would think of, or something only loosely affiliated with Easter. Symbols must travel down long and twisted corridors before reaching something the rest of us would find relevant, possibly not even making it anywhere at all. They often feel as if the body and mind are separate from themselves and have surreal experiences where random thoughts pop up, resulting in their making bizarre connections between things. They can go into NightmareFuel territory in their imaginations as at times bizarre images (often violent or sexual) will seem to pass in front of the mind's eye, almost like watching a movie.[[https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264561802_Pathologies_of_imagination_in_schizophrenia_spectrum_disorders]]

Their speech pattern exhibits a ContinuityLockOut with reality through the use of VaguenessIsComing and RuleOfSymbolism. This is believed to reflect a similar MagicRealism style perception of the world.

Variations exist where schizotypal eccentricities can be explained by avoidant nervousness or schizoid emptiness.

See also TheWonka, {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, and BunnyEarsLawyer. NewAge beliefs and belief in UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories are common.

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime and Manga}}]]
* ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'': Osaka provides the anime page image for {{Cloudcuckoolander}} because of her spaciness and odd strains of thought.

%%* ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-FrQwF8dH0 2]] .
%%* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8PzoXVXMTk Travis Bickle]] from ''Film/TaxiDriver''

* Overlapping with real life, Season 2 of ''Podcast/{{Serial}}'' reveals that Bowe Bergdahl, the American soldier who ran off his base in Afghanistan only to be captured by the Taliban and held in captivity for five years until the government negotiated his release in exchange for five Taliban prisoners, had been professionally diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder. The show posits that Bergdahl's decision to run off was at least partially actuated by his condition, as the eccentric beliefs characteristic of STPD in his case took the form of [[HonorBeforeReason an unrealistically stringent warrior code]], and his decision to leave his base was his way of bringing it to the higher-ups' attention that his unit wasn't living up to the standards he thought the Army was supposed to follow.

%%* Rin Tezuka from ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo'' has a mild case of this.
* Henry Townshend from ''VideoGame/SilentHill4'' seems to be a combination of this and avoidant personality disorder. He is [[ShrinkingViolet extremely introverted]], [[FriendlessBackground is known by his neighbors only in passing or as a stranger]], [[TheStoic emotes only a handful of times over the course of the game]] and has [[NoSocialSkills poor methods of relating to others]]. He also has an odd and lackluster way of describing things that omits important details, indicative of poor attentiveness and an inability to convey information (or difficulty in discerning what is and isn't relevant to a given situation).

%%[[AC:Web Original]]
%%* Juliet from ''{{Superego}}''.

%%* ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ApgI6MSfdlQ 1]]

[[folder:Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder]]

NOTE: This disorder has been removed from the DSM and is no longer considered a valid diagnosis.

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passive-aggressive_personality_disorder#Passive-aggressive_personality_disorder People who are]] afraid to tell you they have a problem with you but don't want to come across as selfish. The result is instead of the two of you talking through your problems the passive aggressive lets one annoyance after another pile up. While the fear of retaliation keeps the passive aggressive from directly stating their opinion, they will find small things that can easily overlooked but still cause annoyance to their target. BotheringByTheBook is a well documented method of doing this thus giving the passive aggressive the appearance of the obsessive compulsive at the times. However if you look closely you'll see this behavior isn't consistent.

Someone exercising authority or control over them, being dependent on other people, and having to compete with other people can serve as [[BerserkButton catalysts]] or amplifiers to the above mentioned behavior.

This being antagonistic one moment but acting as if nothing happened the next can resemble the idealization and devaluation of the borderline but this resemblance is only superficial. Passive aggressive people are simply afraid to come out and say what's bugging them and borderlines have an instability extending to many levels of their psych. Passive aggressive personality disorder also doesn't imply self harming and impulsive behavior.

Also referred to as the negativistic personality disorder, focusing on their pessimistic outlook on life, due to excessive passive aggressiveness being a symptom of many mental disorders including all the personality disorders.


[[folder:Sadistic Personality Disorder]]

NOTE: This disorder has been removed from the DSM and is no longer considered a valid diagnosis.

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sadistic_personality_disorder These people like]] to dominate others and take joy from inflicting harm on them. Unlike the Anti-Social Personality where violence may be carried out ForTheEvulz, during a crime, or other ill defined reasons, a person with a sadistic personality uses violence for the purpose of dominating and humiliating their victim. Similar to the Narcissist, these individuals are afraid of appearing weak or out of control. Their behavior extends beyond merely being callous, with those around them often being subjected to harsh punishment for straying out of line. Unlike the Narcissistic and Borderline Personalities, violence is not merely an outlet for anger, but an acceptable method for controlling others.

Interestingly in RealLife this disorder comes closer than the antisocial personality disorder to what people think of when they hear psychopath (sadistic serial killer) but it's still not an exact match.

Compare and contrast CombatSadomasochist, TheFightingNarcissist, PsychoForHire, AxCrazy, and FauxAffablyEvil. Others like hiding behind positions of authority, using emotional abuse instead of violence, and lean more towards DrillSergeantNasty or a big brother type of person. Others still are shy people with low confidence similar to the avoidant except they secretly desire to make their tormentors (real or imagined) squirm in pain and when feeling bold enough see nothing wrong with the occasional RoaringRampageOfRevenge.

(NOTE: This disorder has nothing to do with individuals who may engage in sadistic sexual practices with a CONSENTING sexual partner.)

!!Examples from various media

* In ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'', during the Dark Tournament finals, various lines of dialogue and their fighting styles show how sadistic Karasu, elder Toguro, and Sakyou can be.
* ''Manga/AirGear'': Agito enjoys carving his road into the bodies of other storm riders.
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'': Envy is proud of [[spoiler:starting the Isval War, and takes sadistic pleasure in telling Mustang about his murder of Hughes, and the anger that erupts on his face.]]
** The [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist 2003 anime version]] of Envy shows Borderline traits like inconsistent gender identity, explosive anger, and anger over his/her abandonment by [[spoiler:Hohenheim]].

%%* ComicBook/NormanOsborn from the ''SpiderMan''.
%%* The Joker from ''Franchise/{{Batman}}''

%%* Freddy Krueger from ''Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet''

* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Bellatrix Lestrange is fond of torturing people until they go insane.

* Jordan Sulivan from ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' enjoys ruining other relationships, and emasculating her ex-husband. Although she is rarely violent, she uses manipulation to enforce her rules.
* In ''Series/DoctorWho'', the incarnation of the Master played by Roger Delgado has a great amount of obvious and genuine affection for the Doctor, but still is obsessed with the idea of torturing him, dominating him and forcing him to see the destruction of everything he loves. He often operates by conniving his way into positions of formal authority for the sheer pleasure of controlling underlings, and at one point ("Colony in Space") even gloats to the Doctor about his ability to do this. His insecurity is constantly implied - he comes up with [[ComplexityAddiction self-defeatingly over-complicated plans]] apparently in hope of impressing others, and in one episode ("The Mind of Evil") it's shown that his worst fear is the Doctor mocking him.

[[AC: WesternAnimation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'': Airachnid enjoys inflicting physical and emotional trauma on helpless victims, loves bringing up the things you'd rather forget she did. Eager to grab at power, ''especially'' if it means stabbing someone in the back.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'': Vicky is a sixteen-year-old babysitter that loves to exploit parents (or anyone, for that matter) for money and torment the children she's looking after, saving a particularly sadistic interest in tormenting the ten-year-old protagonist, Timmy Turner.


[[folder:Everything and the kitchen sink]]

Works that involve a RagtagBunchOfMisfits will sometimes [[DysfunctionJunction intentionally have every character written with a personality disorder in mind]]. They will often have [[BunnyEarsLawyer amazing skill to compensate for their emotional-social deficiencies]].

!!Examples from various media

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* Most of the odd characters in ''Manga/DeathNote'' show symptoms of personality disorders, though sometimes it's less clear and more of an AmbiguousDisorder.
* The homunculi from ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' are stated to be personifications of the SevenDeadlySins, though some of their personalities have enough depth to be closer to severely disordered people.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''. The show is an intentional {{Deconstruction}} of the implications of having exceptional child soldiers pilot GiantMecha. At first, the pilots are simply quirky, but the depth of their problems is revealed over the course of the series.
* ''Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica'': Sayaka and Homura both show signs of personality disorders (Borderline for Sayaka and Avoidant or Schizoid [[spoiler: depending on the timeline]] for Homura). Madoka shows some symptoms of Dependent. If their barriers are anything to go by, some of the witches may [[spoiler: have had personality disorders as humans.]]

* [[ForInconveniencePressOne The Mental Diagnosis Answering Machine:]]
--> If you are Obsessive Compulsive, press 1 repeatedly.\\
If you are Co-dependent, please ask someone to press 2 for you.\\
If you have Multiple Personalities, press 3, 4, 5 & 6.\\
If you are Depressed it doesn't matter which number you press, no one will answer you.\\
If you are Paranoid, we know who you are and what you want. Stay on the line so we can trace your call.\\
If you are Delusional, press 7, and you call will be transferred to the Mother Ship.\\
If you are Schizophrenic, listen carefully and a small voice will tell you which number to press.\\
If you are Dyslexic, press 96969696969696.\\
If you have a Nervous Disorder, please fidget with the hash key until a representative comes on the line.\\
If you have Amnesia, press 8 and state your name, address, phone number, date of birth, social security number and your mother's and grandmothers' maiden names.\\
If you have Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, slowly and carefully press 000.\\
If you have Bi-polar Disorder, please leave a message after the beep. Or before the beep. Or after the beep. Please wait for the beep.\\
If you have Short Term Memory Loss, please try your call again later.\\
If you have Low Self-Esteem, please hang up. All our operators are far too busy to talk to ''you''.

* Most of characters in the books written by Creator/FyodorDostoevsky suffer from different disorders. He was not called "Mad Russian" without a reason.

* ''Series/{{Lost}}'' is known for its fantastic and Sci-Fi elements resulting in MindScrew, but the crux of the series is characters and their [[DysfunctionJunction issues]] interacting with each other and the strange environment.
* ''Series/TheBigBangTheory'': Sheldon Cooper shows signs of various personality disorders at any given time based on RuleOfFunny.

[[AC:Web Original]]
* ''{{Superego}}'' is about a group of people trapped inside a hospital, each with a tattoo on their hands of a number which corresponds to their personality disorder as listed in the DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). So far, every character is archetypal of their respective disorder.