Works where the horror lurks in isolated, rural areas. May include [[IncestIsRelative a deeply inbred family]], a SerialKiller or SerialRapist (or [[OhCrap both]]) or maybe even a CannibalClan.

Usually the result of someone not heeding the warning: DontGoInTheWoods. Depending on where the characters are, "woods" may be substituted for is [[SwampsAreEvil swamps]], [[ThirstyDesert deserts]], [[GhostTown abandoned towns]], [[DesertedIsland deserted islands]], [[FlyoverCountry endless stretches of highway]], [[AbsurdlySpaciousSewer beneath]] [[SinisterSubway the bustling city streets]], and even [[GrimUpNorth desolate snowscapes]].

For works set in North America, there are several familiar settings as well:
* In the DeepSouth, very often of a SouthernGothic variety.
* [[WeirdWest Out West]], which sometimes includes doses of Area51-like shenanigans.
** TheOtherRainforest is an emerging place to put certain kinds of stories too.
* SouthOfTheBorder, as Mexico is host to enormous stretches of deserted wilderness.
* LovecraftCountry on the East Coast, but really any [[TownWithADarkSecret quaint little town that is not at all what it seems]] will do.

For works set in backwaters around the world, there are a few specific locales:
* The {{Uberwald}} possibly the oldest example of this trope.
* DarkestAfrica, although in modern times this has to be written about carefully to avoid [[GreatWhiteHunter sounding a little Victorian]].
* The LandDownUnder, which, like Mexico, has unfathomably large areas that are totally devoid of people.

It's worth noting that this is too often crosses into UnfortunateImplications and is swiftly falling into being a DiscreditedTrope, as the social construction of the ignorant hillbilly has been compared to {{Blackface}} in terms of being an unfounded stereotype used to make people living in cities and [[{{Suburbia}} the suburbs]] feel better about themselves. In recent years many people in {{Appalachia}} and the DeepSouth have [[AppropriatedAppellation retaken the slurs "redneck" and "hillbilly" and the like]] and worn them as badges of honor, and indeed many people in West Virginia and Kentucky regard these terms as falling under NWordPrivileges, but still, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment it's best to proceed with caution]] and be aware of who and where one is writing about.

However, as with many stereotypes, sometimes this is indeed TruthInTelevision ''but in very small doses,'' especially in regions such as [[{{UsefulNotes/Appalachia}} Appalachian Mountains]], where the [[DyingTown postindustrial economy has hurt many towns savagely]]. Appalachia especially is culturally inclined to be [[CloseKnitCommunity suspicious of outsiders and keep family paramount]]; even someone moving there from a nearby town might find themselves on the wrong side of a CultureClash.

It is well known that many {{MisanthropeSupreme}}s and {{CrazySurvivalist}}s gravitate towards [[CaptainObvious less populated areas because there are fewer people to bother them]], although this is more of a Western trope than Eastern. Similarly, some famous serial killers have chosen to make their homes in rural areas because there are fewer witnesses.

[[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} The other wiki]] refers to this trope as "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hixploitation Hixploitation]]".
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[[AC:Comics]]
* ''ComicBook/ThePunisherMAX'' story "Welcome to the Bayou".
* ''ComicBook/{{Preacher}}'': Jody and T.C. are a pair of murderous hicks who obey the commands of Jesse's mother. Herr Starr also loses a leg after being found by a trio of inbred cannibals.
* Creator/AlanMoore's ''ComicBook/{{Providence}}'' being a {{Deconstruction}} of Creator/HPLovecraft and LovecraftCountry tackles this trope:
** The fish-people of Salem resent how the townfolk and in general tourists see them as hicks because they are mixed-raced, with the narrative comparing their prejudice to be similar to anti-semitism.
** Garland Wheatley and his family also resent how the people of Athol and the Stella Saps (as he and Boggs call the Order) are treated as low-down hicks. So, what does Garland Wheatley do to prove that he and his family are not low-down hicks who are unworthy of the knowledge of cosmic force, he proceeds [[spoiler:to summon Yog-Sothoth and impregnate his daughter with abominations for twins]]:
--> '''Robert Black''': My God. You hear about how these things [[StopBeingStereotypical are forever going on among the rural poor, but I'd always assumed such tales were born of city prejudices]].
* ''ComicBook/HackSlash'' featured a number of stories like this. Subverted in "Wallow In Death", in which it turns out that the undead hillbilly serial killer was driven to it by the cruelty of some arrogant student holiday makers, and that all his victims [[AssholeVictim deserved it]].

[[AC:Film]]
* ''Film/AlienAbduction2014'' looks like it will have elements of this as the Morris family gets lost in the forest on Brown Mountain, but the sole local they meet, Sean, is ultimately helpful as they try to escape the aliens pursuing them, despite his initially greeting them with a shotgun.
%%* ''Film/AndSoonTheDarkness''
%%* ''Film/AmericanGothic''
* ''Film/AttackOfTheGiantLeeches'': Giant leeches attacking a swamp town.
%%* ''Film/AxEm''
* ''Film/BloodsuckersFromOuterSpace'' concerns an alien force turning farmers into zombies in a small Texas town.
%%* ''Film/CabinFever''
* ''Film/TheCabinInTheWoods'' has the Buckners, a pain-worshiping redneck zombie family who are a cross between this trope and ''Franchise/EvilDead''. [[spoiler: Of course, The Buckners are merely pawns, who are summoned to the cabin by random chance. It could have been any number of horror clichés.]]
%%* ''Film/{{Carver}}''
* ''Franchise/ChildrenOfTheCorn'' The small Nebraska town of Gatlin, which is home to a child cult that worships the corn surrounding the town and a demonic entity known as He Who Walks Behind the Rows. it was originally a normal small town, but the children were influenced by a child preacher named Isaac who led them to massacre the adults.
* ''Film/ChildrenOfTheNight'': A vampire terrorizing a small country town.
%%* ''Film/ChernobylDiaries''
%%* ''Film/ColdPrey''
* ''Film/{{Deliverance}}''. While the wilderness itself is portrayed as a far greater threat, the film's human villains, a group of hillbillies who hunt and rape the protagonists, quickly became one of the most iconic elements of the film. Banjo music has never been the same.
%%* ''Film/DontGoInTheWoods''
%%* ''Film/{{Duel}}''
%%* ''Film/DyingBreed''
%%* ''Film/EatenAlive''
%%* ''Film/EdenLake'' (for OopNorth)
%%* ''Film/TheEvilDead1981''
* ''Film/TheFactsInTheCaseOfMisterHollow'' involves the investigation of a MysteryCult in the woods of northern Ontario, and a [[DontGoInTheWoods camping trip]] that may have gone very, very wrong.
%%* ''Film/FasterPussycatKillKill''
%%* ''Film/TheFinalTerror''
* Jason Voorhees in the ''Franchise/FridayThe13th'' films often has elements of this trope, though later films turned him into a straight-up zombie.
%%* ''Film/{{Frontiers}}''
* ''Film/FrostbiterWrathOfTheWendigo'': A {{Wendigo}} butchering redneck hunters.
%%* ''Film/{{Hatchet}}''
* ''Film/TheHillsRunRed'': A film student is obsessed with a legendary lost film named ''The Hills Run Red'', and sets out to discover the truth behind it, which leads him right into something that deliberatly plays up the idea of hillbilly horror. [[spoiler: The original movies director has basically created his own hillbilly horror setting just so he could make a "perfect" movie]].
* The Firefly family in Music/RobZombie's ''Film/HouseOf1000Corpses'' and ''Film/TheDevilsRejects''. In the first film, they hunt, torture, and kill a group of young people going through their neck of the woods, while in the second one, they become the {{Villain Protagonist}}s on the run from the law.
%%* ''Film/HouseOfWax2005''
* ''Film/TheHillsHaveEyes2006'': A family on vacation runs afoul of a clan of degenerate cannibals in the Nevada desert, who have become hideous mutants due to a combination of the radiation from nearby nuclear weapons tests and inbreeding.
%%* ''Film/IDrinkYourBlood''
%%* ''Film/ISpitOnYourGrave''
%%* ''Film/JeepersCreepers''
%%* ''Film/JoyRide''
* ''Film/JugFace'' features a backwoods community who worship an EldritchAbomination living in a pit.
%%* ''Film/JustBeforeDawn''
%%* ''Film/{{Madman}}''
%%* ''Film/ManThing''
%%* ''Film/MidnightMovie''
%%* ''Film/{{Misery}}''
%%* ''Film/MonsterMan''
%%* ''Film/MotelHell''
%%* ''Film/MothersDay''
%%* ''Film/MotorHomeMassacre''
%%* ''Film/TheNailGunMassacre''
* ''Film/{{Pumpkinhead}}'': Revolves around a monstrous apparition named Pumpkinhead that haunts the backwoods of the Midwest and will kill anyone whom its summoned to destroy.
%%* ''Film/{{Severance}}''
* In ''Film/SharkNight'', the titular sharks are the "pets" of some redneck SnuffFilm makers.
%%* ''Film/SickGirl''
%%* ''Film/SpiderBaby''
%%* ''Film/StrawDogs'' (moreso TheRemake)
* ''Franchise/TheTexasChainsawMassacre'' series has Leatherface and his family, the Sawyers, who became the {{Trope Codifier}}s for this. They're from rural Texas, they're [[ImAHumanitarian cannibals]], and they check off every box on the list of hillbilly stereotypes.
* ''Film/TuckerAndDaleVsEvil'' is a DeconstructiveParody of the genre. A group of college students are vacationing in a cabin, but run afoul of two creepy hillbillies who kidnap their friends. Or so they think. In reality, the true protagonists of the movie, Tucker and Dale are a pair of GoodOlBoy guys who are out on a fishing trip. The misunderstanding is due to Tucker's social awkwardness and the college students being firm belivers in this trope. [[spoiler:Ultimately played straight as it turns out the true villain of the movie is the result of a hillbilly horror event several decades before.]]
%%* ''Film/TwoThousandManiacs''
%%* ''Film/ViolentShit'' (just the first two)
%%* ''Film/{{Venom}}''
* ''Film/TheWickerMan'' Slightly less monstrous than its U.S equivalent. A pagan cult belives that the only way to ensure that its next apple harvests succeeds is through a human sacrifice.
%%* ''Film/WithoutAPaddle''
%%* ''Film/WolfCreek''
%%* ''Film/TheWoman''
* The ''Film/WrongTurn'' series. A group of deformed cannibal siblings live in the backwoods of the northeastern U.S, and prey on anyone who ventures near their territory. [[spoiler: The gas station attendant who sends travellers that way is the cannibals father]].

[[AC:Literature]]
%%* ''Literature/{{Apeshit}}''
* Close to every novel and short story Edward Lee has ever written, which he calls "redneck horror." ''The Dunwich Romance'' in particular was based on the Lovecraft story discussed below and pretty much takes this trope to its most grotesque limit.
* Creator/HPLovecraft was probably the TropeCodifier. (See also: LovecraftCountry)
** In "The Lurking Fear" it turns out the "monsters" are [[spoiler: the cannibalistic descendants of a single family so heavily inbred they have all but turned into goblins]].
** ''Literature/TheShadowOverInnsmouth'' is about an isolated fishing village whose inhabitants - characterized as "white trash" by a local from a nearby town - are slowly mutating into degenerate, AlwaysChaoticEvil FishPeople.
** "The Picture in the House" is set in "the ancient, lonely farmhouses of backwoods New England; for there the dark elements of strength, solitude, grotesqueness, and ignorance combine to form the perfection of the hideous."
** "Literature/TheDunwichHorror" is a pretty classic example of this trope. Dunwich is a decayed hamlet in the backwoods of Massachusetts. Its denizens are described as follows:
-->They have come to form a race by themselves, with the well-defined mental and physical stigmata of degeneracy and inbreeding. The average of their intelligence is woefully low, whilst their annals reek of overt viciousness and of half-hidden murders, incests, and deeds of almost unnameable violence and perversity.
* Most Jack Ketchum stories, the most well known of them probably being ''Off Season''.
* Inverted in ''Literature/TheTroop''. The horror happens ''to'' them, rather than being perpetrated ''by'' them. And since it's East Coast Canada, they're Newfies.
* Subverted ''hard'' in ''Literature/TheDogs'' and its companion ShortStory collection, ''Literature/WhatAHorribleNightToHaveACurse.'' If anything, the so-called rednecks and hillbillies are portrayed as far nicer and more honest than their cityfolk counterparts.

[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* Numerous ''Series/CriminalMinds'' episodes, the most obvious being "Blood Relations", featuring the deformed Mountain Man/Killer Woodsman.
* The ''Series/FridayThe13thTheSeries'' episode "The Long Road Home".
* Parodied on a ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' sketch from Season 26, Episode 14. A man is in a car accident, and when he wakes up, asks where he is. He's told, "You're tied to a bed in a shack. We're weird hillbilly cannibals and we're gonna stick things in your butt." After he freaks out, he's told he's actually in a hospital; the hillbilly cannibal thing is "an old hospital joke".
* In the ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' episode "The Benders," Sam and Dean investigate a "phantom abductor" causing people to vanish from a rural town. It turns out that the monsters responsible for the disappearances are [[spoiler:just...people, hillbilly humans]] who like to [[spoiler:hunt people for sport]].
* In the ''Series/{{Torchwood}}'' episode "Countrycide," the team investigates strange disappearances in a rural area. The perpetrators turn out to be [[spoiler:completely human cannibals]] rather than the [[spoiler:alien activity]] more typical for Torchwood.
%%* ''Series/TheXFiles'' episode "Home".
* ''Series/TheLastRealityShow'' features a gang of hillbilly-marauders.
* Even though it takes place in a town in rural England, ''Series/TheLeagueOfGentlemen'' is mostly this, especially the Local Shop Couple.

[[AC:TabletopGames]]
* TableTopGame/{{Pathfinder}} features the ogres, which can really only be described as demented hillbilly rapists, at best. Comes complete with ParentalIncest, BrotherSisterIncest, [[BodyHorror inbreeding-fuelled deformities]], HotSkittyOnWailordAction, a taste for [[ImAHumanitarian human flesh]], murderous sadism, a liking for making stuff out of bones & bodyparts, and a racial fondness for ''hooks'' as a preferred melee weapon. [[BrainBleach You'll need a long shower even if you ''win'' against ogres.]] And if you lose, well...
** Marsh Giants mix this with Lovecraftian cultish themes. They're rampant cannibals, prefer to eat their own young because they believe that children parasitically weaken their parents, and even their children who aren't eaten are left dead or brain-damaged by the mothers' habits of rampantly drugging themselves on toxic fungi for euphoric highs, which poisons their milk.
* ''TableTopGame/VampireTheRequiem'' offers two [[PrestigeClass bloodlines]] who are twists on this, both of which (unsurprisingly enough) are [[WildMan Gangrel]]: the Oberlochs, an inbred family descended from cruel mine owners who cling to the backwoods and readily recruit; and the Mabrys, who bring the prey to them by running backroad watering holes and road houses.
* ''TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse'' features several groups that fit this trope.
** The Genetic Irregulars are a group of ronin Garou and Black Spiral Dancers who live in rural areas and indulge in cannibalism and Garou-Garou mating.
** ''Rage Across Appalachia'' features a rural clan of [[DemonicPossession fomori]] called the Bledsons. The Bledsons are a squalid family living near a polluted pond that is infested with banes. All Bledson males are compelled to enter the pond as a rite of passage, infecting them with banes.
** ''Rage Across Appalachia'' also features the Pigeon River Howlers, a bluegrass band composed of Black Spiral Dancers who use music to spread Wyrm taint.

[[AC:VideoGames]]
* The ''Point Lookout'' DLC for ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'' has the player fighting mutated hillbillies who have formed a cult around a MadScientist BrainInAJar.
* ''VideoGame/KillingFloor'' had an event like this, with a nearly identical name: "Hillbilly Horror". Every enemy in the game was reskinned into a named member of the "Wade Family", and a new map dedicated to said family was added.
* The island of Baldurans shipwreck in ''VideoGame/BaldursGate'' evokes this trope to some extend with the strange descendants of the surviving crew. To fans, it's commonly known as [[spoiler:Werewolf]] Island.
* The moment you first set foot into Haven in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins'', you know you've come to one of these places.
* Cousin Eddy from ''VideoGame/TwistedMetal'' Head-On is a parody, whilst Billy Ray, driver of Junkyard Dog, is a subversion, he is a deformed murderer, but is sympathetic once the player finds out why.
* The upcoming ''VideoGame/OutlastII'' will be set in a countryside that's populate by murderous hillbillies who also worship Satan. The scariest thing, however, is how [[ItCanThink organized]] they are compared to many other examples as well as the Variants of the previous game; they cooperate and thoroughly search the farm for the player character using flashlights and seem to have a sacrificial system.
* The Hillbilly is one of the playable Killers from ''VideoGame/DeadByDaylight''. He hunts down the Survivors with a large cattle hammer and [[ChainsawGood a chainsaw]] that can [[OneHitKill incapacitate a Survivor at full health]].
* Part IV of ''VideoGame/LakeviewCabinCollection'' takes place in this setting, in a {{Homage}} to ''Franchise/TheTexasChainsawMassacre''. Complete with a cannibalistic family.

[[AC:Webcomics]]
* You wouldn't know it by the high-tech gadgets they tend to use, but Will Legal's poacher gang in the roleplays of ''Webcomic/WhiteDarkLife'' are hillbillies and rednecks.

[[AC:WesternAnimation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow'' episode "[=BFFs=]".
--> '''Cleveland:''' Thanks, Peter! How did you know we were here?
--> '''Peter:''' Well, I felt bad after you left Quahog, so I called your house. Your wife said you were doing a friendship thing in the woods, and I immediately thought; "Well, this is going to end in hillbilly rape". So I tracked you down, and here I am.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'' subverts this in the episode "The Vacation", where the Watterson family breaks down in the middle of nowhere and are picked up by a toothless (his one tooth fell out) old hillbilly who lives in an abandoned gas station with his mother. They're friendly, outgoing folks, but the Wattersons believe this trope enough they end up running through the desert hurting themselves trying to escape. They realize the truth after falling into the 'graves' he dug for them (actually toilets, one for each of them for privacy), and apologize for their reactions. He waves it off until they mention his mother, [[MamasBoy which is the only thing they do that upsets him]].
* Downplayed in the ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' episode "The Swamp", where the swamp is possibly sentient and provides hallucinations to our heroes but the hillbillies are relatively friendly (even if they did try to eat Appa). Even less so in the sequel series, where [[spoiler:Toph]] has taken up residence there, spending her time terrorizing the aforementioned hillbillies and generally being herself.

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