->''"No one knew better than Granny Weatherwax that hats were important. They weren't just clothing, hats defined the head. They defined who you ''were''. No one had ever heard of a wizard without a pointy hat -- at least, no wizard worth speaking of. And you certainly never heard of a witch without one... Hats had power. Hats were important."''
-->-- ''Discworld/WitchesAbroad''

Hats have [[HollywoodDressCode connotations]]. Especially [[NiceHat nice ones]]. Check out this page if you're looking to give your character a little extra ''something'' to make them stick out in the mind of your audience.

! [[AC:Hat Etiquette]]
But first, be aware that there are rules that you should follow, at least for stories set in the West. If your character is male, and his hat is a general purpose, normal-weather item and not part of their uniform (or a character quirk), and ''especially'' if you're striving for period-accuracy, you should know when they should and shouldn't have it on.
# A hat is always worn outdoors.
## However, a hat must always be taken off when stopping and speaking with a lady.
## Likewise, unless it's part of a uniform, it should be removed when a national anthem is being played, except as a show of protest/bad manners.
# A hat is not generally worn indoors.
## However, it may be kept on in an indoor public space, such as a a store, as long as your character doesn't work there. If the space transitions from "public" (hotel lobby) to "private" (corridor on a room floor), one is expected to remove one's hat at that time.
## If they ''do'' work there, then it's acceptable to wear an outdoor hat until they reach the place where they'd normally take off their coat.
## Soldiers and armed constables were expected to keep hats on if they were 'under arms'
## A hat is removed in an elevator, except when it's too crowded to reasonably do so.
## A hat is ''always'' removed in a restaurant, because it's bad manners to sit down to eat with a hat when indoors. (Picnics and cookouts are OK.)
## The "remove your hat to show respect" rule is specific to Western-European-derived etiquette, however. In many other cultures (eg, Middle Eastern), keeping one's head or hair covered is considered more respectful (humble, modest, etc). This difference is most visible in connection with religions other than Christianity, many of which either require their adherents to wear hats at all times, or require all visitors to the place of worship to cover their heads.
# One tips one's hat to show appreciation, or to greet someone else on the street. For strangers and acquaintances of lower status, this is generally a small nod while lightly gripping the brim with the tips of the thumb and first couple of fingers. For close friends and acquaintances of higher status, one also doffs one's hat; generally, this means raising it just off the head and putting it back down, via the brim if it's stiff (as on a top hat or bowler), or the crown if it's not (as on a fedora). The gesture is increasingly exaggerated as the level of gratitude or the status of the other person rises, but beware of taking it too far: if anyone who isn't hired help makes a show of removing their hat in a big arc and bowing deeply, they're just being affectatious.
# Properly, one should not wear a felt hat after Straw Hat Day, the day when everyone switches from felt to straw hats, often in unison. The exact date varies regionally, with many regional populations believing that the day has been federally fixed at May 15, but other areas always use a certain day of the week, and other areas prefer dates as early as April. Similarly, a straw hat should not be worn after mid-September. The only constant for the dates is that felt hats are never worn between Memorial and Labor Day. [[note]]Fun fact: [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Straw_Hat_Riot In at least one case, this rule has led to a riot.]] [[/note]]
** Cowboy hats are an exception to the rule, being particularly intended for summer use.
# These rules may be freely ignored for the sake of RuleOfCool, as they always have been in fiction. And as noted above, always remember that like most rules humans come up with, ones involving etiquette [[WeAllLiveInAmerica are not universal]].

! [[AC:Hat Size]]
Nothing points you out as a hat neophyte as using such terms as "small", "medium" and "large". Proper hats are sized according to a more precise system that varies by country.
* US sizing is calculated by dividing the head circumference (in inches) by pi, then rounding up to the nearest eighth.
** UK sizing is calculated the same way as US sizing, but subtracting an eighth from the final result. A US 7 3/8 (the most common hat size for men) is a UK 7 1/4. This puts the hypothetical "size 0" at a head circumference greater than zero (a.k.a. "[[OffWithHisHead no head]]"), akin to the US / UK differences in floor numbers and shoe sizes; practically speaking, however, it just creates headaches for people who buy things on [[EBay Internet auctions]].
* European sizing is the simplest system, based on the wearer's head circumference (in centimeters) rounded up to the nearest centimeter. This makes it something of a "universal" for modern hat sizing (such as the market is, these days). This system technically makes each size slightly larger than its US/UK counterpart, but they're usually adjusted to match in dimensions. A US 7 3/8 is a size 59 in this system.
* Italian hats are often sized in "punti", whose method of calculation is based on arcane, dark arts lost to the ages (read: I don't speak Italian and searches of English-language web pages turn up nothing). It [[http://hatsuk.com/hatsuk/hatsukhtml/bible/hatsize.htm appears to have]] some correlation to crown height as well as head circumference, but an Italian-speaking Troper will need to chime in on this one.
Note also that a proper hat does not sit on the ears; if it does, then it's too large. A properly fitting hat (lightly) grips the head itself just above the ears, without sliding down of its own accord.

But with that out of the way, let's get on to the hats themselves:

! [[AC:Kinds of hats]]
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balaclava_%28clothing%29 Balaclava]] (ski mask)''': [[BlatantBurglar Some sort of criminal]]; especially bank robbers, people who rob convenience stores, or terrorists.
** Much more rarely, skiiers.
** Or [[VideoGame/TeamFortress2 spies.]]
* '''Bandana''' tied around head: [[DressedToPlunder Pirate]], gang member, law-abiding teenager trying to look like a gang member, [[WebVideo/AutoTuneTheNews Antoine Dodson]], or [[Franchise/MetalGear Solid Snake]].
** Also cancer patient on chemotherapy.
** If it's a '''{{Hachimaki}}''' and you're in UsefulNotes/TheWest, you're a karate apprentice.
* Wearing a '''baseball cap''' tells people that you're adventurous, heroic, slick, and an all around cool guy, or that you want them to think of you that way--the latter especially if you wear it backwards. The wearer of the baseball cap is usually either the good hearted leader of the group or a JerkJock. In a LadyLand or one full of [[AmbiguousGender ambiguously-gendered persons]], they're probably [[TertiarySexualCharacteristics male]]. If worn by a tertiary character, it means that the writers were not confident enough to trust that they could establish the character's place of origin without a regional symbol on his forehead.
** "Trucker Hats", logo baseball caps with a plastic mesh back, are worn by--surprise--truckers, but also farmers and hipsters wearing them "ironically."
** If the cap is navy blue and has a ship on it means someone is either in or connected to the U.S. Navy.
** Often associated with chavs in the UK.
** Females [[TomboyishBaseballCap often wear baseball caps]] as one of the identifications that they're tomboys.
** Turn it sideways = gang-member, douchebag.
*** Turn it inside out and either backwards or sideways: The same as above, but with a greater degree of the latter unless the writers are TotallyRadical.
** They're also used by, y'know, ''[[CaptainObvious baseball players]]''.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bearskin Bearskins]]''', those tall, fuzzy headdresses, say BritishRoyalGuards. Expect wearers to be stern and diligent, or uncomfortable wearing a cat on their heads if played for humor.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beret Berets]]''' say military, French or both. Also for artists and beatniks, Creator/OsamuTezuka, [[AndZoidberg and]] [[Series/MythBusters Jamie Hyneman]]
* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M43_field_cap Bergmütze]]''' (''mountain cap''), a cross between a kepi and a hunting cap, which has been (and still is used) by militaries (as well as fire brigades, police forces, mountain rescue services, rangers, etc) all around the alps, (Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy), and to a lesser extent in Scandinavia, such as Finnland or Norway. Usually features a short skirt which is tucked upwards with a button at the front, but can be used as ear cover. Edelweiss badges are optional, but popular. Whoever wears this cap in Hollywood is either a Nazi, Nazi-aligned, an Austro-Hungarian soldier struggling through UsefulNotes/WW1 or a badass [[ForcesWithFirepower/WeAreNotTheWehrmacht German]] UsefulNotes/ColdWar soldier. Though originally designed for Austrian-Hungarian soldiers in the 1800s, it has also achieved some popularity with civilian mountaineers, like so many other things.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bicorne Bicornes]]''' (two-cornered cocked hats) say "I'm fighting Napoleon!" or "I'm a {{Pirate}}-hunting Admiral in Queen Victoria's Navy!" But despite what the paintings would have you believe, these hats were usually ''carried'' rather than worn, which is why the French name for them is "''chapeau bras''", or "arm hat".
** A specific style of bicorne (large and worn "athwart" rather than "fore-and-aft"): "I ''am'' Napoleon!".
* A straw '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boater Boater]]''' (or "Skimmer"), with flat crown and brim, says "barbershop quartet member" or "Venetian gondolier" (it's called a ''boater'' for a reason). Accessorize with a brightly colored blazer or striped shirt, respectively. If you actually wear one, it's the summer equivalent to the homburg. In the early twentieth century, associated particularly with the U.S.A. Worn by butchers in England, with bow tie, striped shirt, and apron. Also English schoolboys, more so than the girls, historically they were part of school uniform and still are in some of the stuffier private schools. This obtains in the U.S. to some degree, albeit with varying degrees of seriousness (for instance [[UsefulNotes/IvyLeague Princeton]]'s marching band has worn boaters as part of its uniform since the 1950s, but mostly as a laugh).
** On TV or in movies, particularly 1940's or 1950's flicks, boater wearing indicated naivety or a hick in the big city.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bowler_hat Bowler/Derby]]''': Was once the headgear of choice for the hardworking English businessman or government minister, but now is usually worn only for comic effect. For a comedic but classical look, go for a Bowler Hat. Characters who wear them are usually good humored, tricky, and/or odd/quirky, but still have an air of class about them, but bowlers are also often used for completely [[Creator/CharlieChaplin comedic]] [[Creator/LaurelAndHardy characters]] as well. A green bowler is used occasionally as the Irish hat of choice.
** In TheWildWest, the man wearing the derby is a CitySlicker Easterner who's either completely out of his element or looking to take people's money. Or both.
** In VictorianLondon through Gangsterland, the helmet-like characteristics of the bowler (designed for riders, as the previously popular top hats, unlike the bowler, were easily knocked off by branches, could not survive being trod on by a horse, and offered no protection for a falling rider), made it incredibly popular among those [[SatisfiedStreetRat who expect blows to the head]]. They can usually be identified by their low quality suits, slightly oversized hats, and face that demonstrates that the bowler only protected the top of the head (one very violent gang was called the "plug uglies"). It was also a favourite with UsefulNotes/ScotlandYard CID inspectors for the same reasons.
** Note the recent Bradford and Bingley ads with a woman wearing a bowler.
** [[Literature/{{Leviathan}} It can also mean you're a steampunk genetic engineer in World War One Britain.]]
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bucket_hat Bucket hat]]''': A must for any fishing trip. Bonus points if there are fishing lures stuck into the crown for easy access. Used constantly instead of just for fishing, this style of hat can become an [[NiceHat iconic part of the character]]. For example, [[Series/GilligansIsland Gilligan]] or [[Manga/{{Bleach}} Kisuke Urahara]]. Or Creator/HunterSThompson (when he's not [[BaldOfAwesome sporting his natural crown]]). [[IThoughtItMeant But not]] Music/{{Buckethead}}.
** The bucket hat is Irish in origin and was adopted by the upper-class English. It is part of the Irish national costume. Sean Connery's character, Henry Jones, Sr., wore a bucket hat in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. It is called a "Reni hat" in the UK because The Stone Roses drummer "Reni" (Alan Wren) would often wear one and could be recognized by it. In Australia it is called a "giggle hat." In South Africa it is called "ispoti" and is popular with black youth for connoting street wisdom without copying foreign hip-hop cultures. In Israel it is called a "Rafael hat" because of Rafael Eitan, a general and politician. A slightly more conical and narrow-brimmed version, the kova tembel (lit. "stupid hat" or "lazy hat") was common until the 1970s, and is still worn by Israel's national personification, Srulik. In Sweden it is called a "Beppehatt" or "Beppemössa" after artist and author Beppe Wolgers, who made it popular in the 1970s. The US Navy wears a similar hat for enlisted service dress uniforms called a "Dixie Cup hat" after the manufacturer. Glider pilots also favor this hat because it allows protection from the shade without being so wide as to cut off their vision.
* A '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budenovka budenovka]]''' (a kind of kepi with a pointed top) says [[RedOctober Russian Civil War]], particularly the Reds (the Whites went for the garden variety peaked cap). But some time before, in the days of the Cold War, it could mean just Russia, just like the ear-flap cap.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bycoket Bycoket]]''': (a.k.a. "Robin Hood Hat") You are RobinHood. Or PeterPan.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campaign_hat Campaign Hat]]''': In the modern era, most commonly associated with [[DrillSergeantNasty Drill Instructors]] (more likely than not played by R. Lee Ermey). Also associated with Boy Scouts, [[CanadaEh Mounties]] in their dress uniforms (which are their ''only'' uniforms in fiction), Park Rangers, and Smokey the Bear.
** Connotation of wearing this hat is that the character is disciplined to a fault and will happily but angrily inflict that discipline on anyone and everyone in the vicinity who does not meet the organization's standards. Such infliction is a hair's breadth away from LargeHam status, missing the mark solely for lack of showmanship. A hat of this type atop a female's head is a very strong indication of a {{Tsundere}} ''tsuntsun'' personality type, with no {{Tsundere}} ''deredere'' in sight, [[MamaBear unless one of the trainees is in danger]].
** If the campaign hat you're wearing happens to be oversized, then you're Pharrell Williams.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capotain Capotain]]''', aka pilgrim hat, a traffic cone-shaped black hat: 16th- or 17th-century Puritan. Often, inaccurately, depicted with a silver buckle attached to the front.
* A '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chef%27s_uniform chef hat]]''' (more properly, ''[[GratuitousFrench toque blanche]]'') means you know your way around the kitchen, and you've got the credentials to prove it. Your record for serving up culinary masterpieces is as spotless as your white tunic. What's that, you say? Your apron is covered in grease and sweat stains? Then you're probably a short-order cook serving up concoctions [[LethalChef best avoided by the living]]. But at the very least, your hat shows that ''you're'' the boss in this here kitchen.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloche_hat Cloche Hat]]''': You're a flapper. Or at least a young woman in the RoaringTwenties.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conical_Asian_hat Conical straw hats]]''': Peasants in southeast Asia or China (leading to the formerly-prevalent term "Coolie hat"). Like the fez, a generic foreign hat and mostly used in jest these days, unless the wearer is a Buddhist monk or religious pilgrim.
** Gondoliers in ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind'' wear these for some reason. Possibly easier to program than a boater?
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coonskin_cap Coonskin cap]]''': A roundish fur hat with a raccoon tail dangling from the back. While versions actually were worn in pioneer days, it was the Disney ''UsefulNotes/DavyCrockett'' television series which made it into a pop-culture symbol equaling "old-timey MountainMan/frontier trapper." Thanks to the Crockett craze, having a ''kid'' wearing one of these establishes a setting as "1950's America."
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cowboy_hat Cowboy hat]]''': in the TheWestern, everyone important, [[LawOfChromaticSuperiority color coded]]. In the modern era, Texans, or cowboy wannabes in any other state. Or even actual cowboys. Usually the sides are "rolled" upwards. Modern joke says this is so 3 cowboys can sit in the cab of a pickup truck ([[DontExplainTheJoke with no back seat]]). If only ''one'' side of the hat is rolled or one side is pinned, it's probably '''not''' a cowboy hat, but rather a slouch hat (worn by a [[LandDownUnder jackaroo]] instead of a buckaroo).
** Sometimes referred to as a Stetson, though that's [[BrandNameTakeover strictly the name of an American company]] that also produces other kinds of hats (e.g. some [[http://www.stetson.com/hats/hat-shape/fedora rather spiffing fedoras]])
** the Jackaroo in the Outback does '''not''' wear a Stetson, he wears an ''Akubra'' as that's the name of the Australian hat company which owns the license rights to the Stetson design for manufacture and sale within Australia. [[WebAnimation/ZeroPunctuation Yahtzee]] wears a hat made by Akubra.
** Prominent amongst Mexicans and Mexican Americans as a sign of their ranchero roots. Suberte.
** A particular large and/or tall version is sometimes called a ten-gallon hat, though even the biggest of them cannot hold that much; the name [[http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2021/whats-the-origin-of-ten-gallon-hat likely has Spanish roots]].
* A [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custodian_helmet custodian helmet]] screams [[UsefulNotes/BritishCoppers British Coppers]], but be careful only men, and only uniformed police ''outside of Scotland'' wear it[[spoiler:...for the most part]]. Most female officers wear chequered "bowler" hats [[spoiler:but - as the next sub-point details - some do not. Look at the next-subpoint for an addendum on this]]. Originally, it was made of cork, covered with navy felt, but after 1980, the inner construction was changed to a lightweight hard wearing plastic material (like a hard hat), and had some padding and an extra ''riot chin strip'' added (the original cork did little to protect against thrown missiles, although it certainly protected from being hit over the head). It usually features a helmet plate that shows the respective police service/constabulary's coat of arms at its front (which is usually the Brunswick Star).
** Here's a '''very''' [[LittleKnownFacts little-known fact]] about the Custodian Helmet: one British police force actually issues it to female officers on some occasions. [[https://www.staffordshire.police.uk/ Staffordshire Police]] - precisely one of 43 British police forces - is known to issue the helmets to women for "public order" duties at football matches, protests and the like. This has been confirmed by [[http://www.policespecials.com/forum/index.php?/topic/34509-female-officers/&page=3#comment-1943493 numerous]] [[http://www.policespecials.com/forum/index.php?/topic/34509-female-officers/#comment-680420 members]] of the force on various online forums.
*** [[http://c8.alamy.com/comp/GCGAKX/soccer-coca-cola-football-league-two-burton-albion-v-grimsby-town-GCGAKX.jpg If you're curious as to how it looks...]]
** Furthermore, female officers serving in Kent and South Yorkshire are known to be given flat-caps instead.
* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deerstalker deerstalker]]''' is a tweed cap with a brim in both the front and the back, and earflaps that tie together over the crown. Despite its name, however, almost the only person who will ever get to wear this hat is Literature/SherlockHolmes. (Actual deer hunters should wear a proper '''hunting cap''', lest they stumble across the scene of a murder and be called upon to use their supposed deductive abilities.) Nevertheless, be advised: if you absolutely ''must'' write Holmes fanfiction, at least display some common fashion-sense and only let the good detective wear it when he's out in the countryside. (It looks good paired with an Inverness coat.)
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fedora Fedora]]''': An essential for any hardnosed PrivateDetective or [[TheMafia mafioso]], the Fedora is a symbol of the noir era. Characters who wear Fedoras on the good guy side are usually investigative, gruff, sneaky, while the bad guys wear loud, double-breasted suits, and are prone to DelusionsOfEloquence. Outside the city, a popular accessory for the AdventurerArchaeologist. It wasn't used much for a while, except as a {{Homage}} to the old days. However, it has enjoyed a lot of popularity in more recent years; many actors, music artists, and other celebrities are fond of wearing them. Sadly, they've also lately acquired a stigma due to being [[{{Misblamed}} mistaken]] as the headwear of choice among some rather high-profile misogynists, a dubious honor actually belonging to the trilby. An amusing {{Irony}}, as the Fedora was originally designed to be a hat for ladies, '''not''' gents.
* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fez_%28hat%29 Fez]]''', a stock foreign hat tells the audience that you're somewhere from the east. It doesn't matter where--it could be anywhere except Japan. This hat is almost always used for the Stock Foreigner, but nowadays the trope is so dead that it's squarely in the parody zone. Except on [[BrotherhoodOfFunnyHats Shriners]]. Or [[Series/DoctorWho the Doctor]].
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flat_cap Flat caps]]''' (also called '''ivy caps''') say "honest, working man" from VictorianLondon to TheFifties (and beyond, when they say "honest, working man who grew up in TheFifties or earlier"). Particularly common OopNorth and in {{Oireland}}, where they're invariably made of tweed. (In the U.S., they mostly say "cab driver" or "hipster college student".) They could also mean [[Music/{{ACDC}} Brian Johnson]]. Or [[TheMafiya Russian street ganger]]. Their other (now archaic) meaning is that the wearer works at a golf-course as a caddy.
* A '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hairnet hairnet]]''' means your job ''sucks''. The cool people in food service get chef hats. Worn as a fashion, it's called a '''snood''', which is [[InherentlyFunnyWords hilarious]].
** See also [[BadJobWorseUniform the goofy hats]] of BurgerFool.
* Plastic '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_hat hard hat]]''': an engineer (white) or construction worker.
** With a light attached to the front: a miner or a spelunker.
* Headscarf: [[UsefulNotes/IslamicDress Muslim woman]]. In other eras, any Middle Eastern or South Asian woman, regardless of religion. Overlaps with the working-class woman's kerchief (see below).
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hennin Hennin]]''': The modern name for a tall, cone-shaped hat (''See'' '''Pointy Hat''', ''below'') like a [[RobeAndWizardHat Wizard Hat]], only with a more or less elaborate veil attatched to the top. Universally associated with ladies in TheMiddleAges, though actually worn only for about 50 years at the end of TheLateMiddleAges.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homburg_%28hat%29 Homburg]]''': A stiff felt hat that strikes a nice balance between the staid (and silly-looking) bowler and the softer Trilby and Fedora. Has a hard, curled brim like the bowler, but a lengthwise crease in the crown like the latter two (though usually not pinched in front). A common sight on the head of mid-20th-century politicians such as UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill, [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Konrad Adenauer]], and Anthony Eden, it has also come to be identified with TheMafia, leading to the nickname "Godfather hat" in some circles. Usable in settings from TheEdwardianEra onwards (it became popular after Edward himself copied the hunting-hat of his least-favourite nephew, Kaiser Wilhelm II), the Homburg projects class without being as ostentatious as a top hat or as silly as a bowler. For this reason, it's still the hat of choice to go with a tuxedo. Interestingly, Russian-turned-American (he fled during the Bolshevik Revolution) helicopter pioneer Igor Sikorsky for the most part refused to be caught dead anywhere without wearing a black Homburg hat, ''even while test-piloting his own prototypes for their first EVER flights''
* '''Hunting cap''': A thick, flannel (and often fur-lined) cap that resembles a baseball cap, but with earflaps that can be tied over the crown when not in use. Usually seen in bright-colored plaids, which help them stand out in the woods where there can be multiple people with guns ready to shoot at even the slightest hint of movement. As the name suggests, it is best suited to hunters dressed in an incongruous combination of camouflage fatigues and a safety-orange vest. (A deerstalker with matching Inverness coat is a great way to get mistaken for a deer and end up strapped to the hood of someone's car.)
** Those of a literary bent, however, might associate it with [[Literature/AConfederacyOfDunces a certain medievalist buffoon from New Orleans]].
* '''Jester Hat''': A violently-colored hat with three (originally two, representing ass's ears) large floppy points, often tipped with bells, occasionally topped with a cock's-comb. When worn in RealLife it screams "I'm a fool!"(or "I'm a stoner!") but may denote ObfuscatingStupidity.
* The '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kepi Kepi]]''' is a must for any self-respecting gendarme or member of the French Foreign Legion. Charles de Gaulle managed to be seen in one and still be taken seriously, but they tend to be given over to parody nowadays. (See, for example, the Creator/SteveMartin incarnation of ''[[Film/ThePinkPanther2006 The Pink Panther]]''.) A soft form of kepi called a "forage cap" is also associated with the UsefulNotes/AmericanCivilWar and is the ancestor of the baseball cap (returned Civil War soldiers would play in their uniform hats to keep the sun out of their eyes).
* '''''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabuto Kabuto]]''''': No self-respecting {{Samurai}} would go into battle without one. Ornamentation can range from the strictly utilitarian to the ridiculously unwieldy, depending on social status and time period. In works without samurai, similar headwear can be seen on HumongousMecha, and TheDragon to [[PuttingOnTheReich Fascist villains]] InSPACE. (If the {{Mooks}} are wearing a ''Stahlhelm'', it's a fair bet that TheDragon will have a ''kabuto'' or something similar--by an accident of history, the ''kabuto'' and ''Stahlhelm'' look somewhat similar.)
* '''Kerchief''': Worn on top of the head going back from the hairline and tied under the chin or at the nape of the neck indicates a working woman, farm girl, or other female doing manual labor. If in more villainous or anti-heroic hands, then they are worn (often covering the mouth and/or nose) by thieves and bandits.
** RED kerchief tied under the chin (1920s Russia): this woman is a commissar, a chekist or otherwise aligned with Bolshevism.
** [[StealthClothes Kerchief tied under the nose]]: old-timey Japanese burglar. Looks as ridiculous as it sounds.
* '''Metal helmets''' in general: a warrior, ranging from a modern soldier to a medieval/fantasy berserker.
** With horns: [[HornyVikings a Viking]] or an opera singer. (Although neither real Vikings nor real opera singers ever wore them.)
** With wings: a Valkyrie or an opera singer playing a Valkyrie, or [[ComicBook/{{Asterix}} a Celtic warrior]]. Or [[Franchise/FinalFantasy a dragoon]].
** With a crest: an officer in an ancient Roman or Greek army, or in a fantasy setting based on those cultures.
** With a visor and a plume[[note]]a ponytail-like tuft made of hair or feathers[[/note]]: a Medieval knight.
* '''Miters''' (or '''Mitres''' for Commonwealthers and pretentious Americans) are those hats now usually shaped like spades or Gothic arches, symbolizing bishops and abbots (less commonly, abbessess) in Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Catholic, some Lutheran, Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholic Churches. (Formerly the hat was worn with the "horns" on both sides, but somewhere around 1100 it was turned sideways, giving the version familiar today. The original sideways version can be seen in the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Crown_of_Austria Imperial Crown of Austria]].)
* A '''mortarboard''' says, "I'm graduating!" But don't assume that [[WeAllLiveInAmerica academic dress is the same everywhere]]. Do your homework.
* The '''Newsboy Cap''' is similar to the flat cap, but with a longer brim and a poofier crown whose pieces come to a single point on top. As the name suggests, it says "turn-of-the-century newspaper-seller", or occasionally, "golfer wearing too much plaid".
* '''[[NonIndicativeName Panama]]'''[[labelnote:*]](authentic ones are made in Ecuador)[[/labelnote]] hats (made of straw with a very fine weave) in any significant number mean you're somewhere in the tropics. Or you want to be. Or you're [[Film/TheSilenceOfTheLambs Hannibal Lecter]], CharlieChan, or [[Series/DoctorWho the Fifth Doctor]]. Can be combined with a Hawaiian shirt or light-colored suit for extra effect. In British works, stereotypical headgear for TheVicar.
** And if its trim is turned down, it's probably Santos Dumont. Or an impersonator.
* The '''[[CommissarCap peaked cap]]''' has several related meanings, according to the HollywoodDressCode.
** Dark brown, blue or black says military or police. Usually has minimal amounts of "scrambled eggs": decorative gold-colored cords on various areas. White variations either imply police in tropical areas or officers in US/Commonwealth navies.
*** The more flat peaked cap in one of these colors, or in white, suggests the wearer could be in a non-military occupation such as a commercial airline pilot.
** The larger, higher peaked cap (in a rather consistent shade of khaki throughout all points south of the Rio Grande) says BananaRepublic military or police. This is where the scrambled eggs get piled on as much as possible.
** The largest, black-and-silver peaked cap is PuttingOnTheReich. Notably free of scrambled eggs.
** And someone wearing a black leather peaked cap is either a Red Commissar (if the cap has a Soviet badge) or a big fan of BDSM (if it doesn't).
*** Soviet peaked caps had enormously wide crowns on them, as well. The Soviets never did anything small.
* ''Peruvian wool hat'': When worn outside the Andes this generally denotes teenage stoner or NewAgeRetroHippie.
* The '''''Pickelhaube''''' is clearly UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}.
** The connotations of a character wearing such a helmet includes some (but rarely all) of the following traits: honorable, ruthless, tactically astute, arrogant, gentlemanly, sexist, power-hungry, merciless about the tiniest details and inhumanly self-disciplined. Frequently accessorized with a monocle and a DuelingScar. Examples include Coach Oleander from VideoGame/{{Psychonauts}} (complete with a cork on the tip of the spike for safety).
* A '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pillbox_hat pillbox hat]]''' says you're a classy sharp dressed woman in the 60's or a bellhop.
** A brand-new ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_gYYUeDEx8 leopard skin]]'' pillbox hat, on the other hand, indicates being the subject of a Music/BobDylan song from 1967.
* '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pith_helmet Pith helmets]]''' carry the connotations of the AdventureArchaeologist, EgomaniacHunter, GentlemanAdventurer, etc. Generally worn in either on a safari in the Savannah or in the desert (if it's the latter, you could also be a World War I/II soldier keeping away ThoseWackyNazis and/or their Italian allies).
* '''[[RobeAndWizardHat Pointy hats]]''' are synonymous with wizards and witches, especially but not only on Literature/{{Discworld}}. A stereotypical witch hat will be plain black with a brim, while a wizard's will often lack the brim and be decorated with stars and/or astrological symbols.
** Very much on the other hand, if you're wearing one of these along with a dopey expression, and you are sitting in a corner, it becomes a DunceCap, indicating extreme academical failure.
* The '''pork pie hat''' is similar to a trilby or a fedora but has a flat top. It's often associated with jazz musicians and similar artist types. Several Creator/HannaBarbera characters including WesternAnimation/HuckleberryHound, WesternAnimation/YogiBear, WesternAnimation/TopCat, [[WesternAnimation/LippyTheLionAndHardyHarHar Hardy Har Har]] and Hokey Wolf wore this headgear. In real-life, the most famous wearers of this type of hat included [[AtomicHate Manhattan Project]] physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, singer/comedian Music/DeanMartin, Chico from Creator/TheMarxBrothers silent-film slapstick legend Creator/BusterKeaton, and [[InsufferableGenius notorious]] architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and jazz saxophonist Lester Young (who, following his 1959 death, was memorialized with a song composed by fellow jazzman Music/CharlesMingus on his album ''Music/MingusAhUm'' and titled "Goodbye Pork Pie Hat").
** Lately, the pork pie has become irreversibly attached to [[Series/BreakingBad everyone's favorite meth cook]].
* '''Propeller beanie''': a {{nerd}} or {{geek}}. Was also a popular form of hazing for college freshmen, back in the day. The propeller doesn't actually allow you to fly unless you're Anime/{{Doraemon}}.
* A '''slouch hat''' (heavy felt hat with a brim that can be pinned to the crown on one side) says, "I'm in the cavalry!" Or, "I'm in [[LandDownUnder the Outback]], [[VerbalTic mate]]!" (Or [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slouch_hat#Slouch_hat_in_Australia both]].) Often called an "Akubra", though this is [[BrandNameTakeover strictly the name of an Australian company]] that also makes other kinds of hats (including a facsimile of the one worn by a certain AdventurerArchaeologist).
** Sometimes worn by PierreTrudeau.
** Also available with corks suspended from the brim (to keep flies off) for even more Australian flavor.
* A '''sombrero''' says [[{{Bandito}} Mexican outlaw]] (often from the Old West era). Commonly found SouthOfTheBorder, as well as in {{Spexico}}. A smaller, flat topped version, called the sombrero cordobés or gaucho hat, is closely associated with Zorro and other Spanish-speaking aristocrats.
* The '''''Stahlhelm''''', used in UsefulNotes/NaziGermany, is a popular look for {{Mooks}} working for the Fascist-esque bad guys. See, for example, the [[Franchise/StarWars Galactic Empire]] or [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam Prinicpality of Zeon]].
* '''Sun hat''' is a broad label applied to many types of wide-brimmed hats designed to, yes, protect the wearer [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin from the sun]]. Overlaps with the Panama, but are usually made of cloth, and with a wider brim than a bucket hat. A woman in a particularly big and floppy one, carrying a trowel or similar tool, equals "hardcore gardening enthusiast." Paired instead with a long flowing dress, she becomes a fashion-plate/trophy wife, or something [[Literature/TheStepfordWives far more sinister]]. A older heavyset man wearing a large, gaudy and/or tasteless sunhat can be shorthand for "tourist, American, obnoxious." "Sun hat" may also refer to summer hats, which are generally straw alternatives to felt hats (the boater is a top hat or homburg, a panama is a bowler or fedora, and a stetson is a show of poor taste).
* A '''stove pipe hat''' is similar to a top hat (seen below) but more geometrically simple. Perfectly flat brim, cylindrical crown with a flat top (may have a slightly elliptical cross-section though). Most famous wearer of this type of hat was UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln in all likelihood.
* A '''sun visor''' means that you're a preppy if it's all one color and you're female, a wanna-be beach god if it's all one color other than white and you're male, a [[BreadEggsBreadedEggs preppy wanna-be beach god if it's all-white and you're male]], or an accountant / bank teller / counterfeiter / card shark (depending on the genre) if it's a fabric band with a translucent green bill.
* A '''Tam O'Shanter''' screams "I'm from [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} Bonnie Scotland]]!" just as effectively as wearing a kilt or playing bagpipes.
* '''[[TinfoilHat Tinfoil]]''' hats are the only real hat anyone needs. Wait, why are you looking me like that? The metal helps keep out the mind-control waves used by the government. And sometimes the aliens. You know they're working together, right? Always watching what we're doing, what we're eating... who knows what they're really planning, but you have to be prepared. I've got an emergency supply of 12 rolls in my kitchen, just in case the Feds try to move in and cut off our source of protection. Note that, unlike other hats, these should ''never'' be removed at ''any'' time, unless you want ''them'' to come for you. Those of us [[ConspiracyTheorist who know the truth]] about the Kennedy assassination, the moon landing, and that [[TheIlluminati mysterious cabal]] controlling the world's governments must do everything we can not to be caught.
** Ironically, the tinfoil would likely act as some sort of antenna ''amplifying'' the alleged mind-control signals or otherwise serving as a lens to make it easier for the monitoring equipment to read one's mind, so this hat would do the opposite of what the wearer wants.[[note]]That's what They want you to believe!![[/note]]
* '''Top Hat''': An old way to tell if someone (most often, but not always a male) is rich. With overly/stereotypically wealthy garb, the Top Hat is a must. When these first appeared in the 1790s, they were generally made of glossy felted beaver fur; after 1800 or so, they started being made of silk, and by 1850 black silk was standard for high-end hats. Light grey felt is another, slightly less formal option for daytime wear; the HBO miniseries ''Series/JohnAdams'' shows this in full display for the [[UsefulNotes/JohnAdams title character]]'s wardrobe during the Washington Administration and his own presidency. \\
Historically, a top hat was not an automatic indication of wealth. Top hats were made for the low-end market, made of "lesser" materials than silk or beaver; these were called "stuff hats." By and large, "stuff hats" fell out of fashion as more practical hats became available. However, undertakers continued to wear black wool hats (like the one [[http://cdn.babble.com/famecrawler/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/david-beckham-victoria-beckham-royal-wedding2.jpg like David Beckham]] likes to wear, apparently). Funeral customs demanded that undertakers have a certain formality in attire, but they were generally not wealthy enough to afford silk or beaver, so they bought the cheaper wool instead. \\
Like the [[HighClassGlass monocle]], you'll never see this one unless someone being parodied, or unless there's an old style magician or [[DastardlyWhiplash mustache-twirling movie-serial villain]] in the crowd. (Technically, it's still the proper headwear for use with a morning coat, frock coat, or white-tie-and-tails, but these, too, appear virtually only in parody nowadays, so that anyone wearing the top hat is doing so improperly as a display of wealth, hence the image of the hat). It goes with the UnclePennybags image. Noteworthy in that it is sufficiently iconic that [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/awesomemonocle.jpg sticking one on top of a Smiley Face]] is enough for most observers to consider the resulting character as a wealthy male. The '''opera hat''' is a variant with a collapsible crown (originally meant for convenient storage while at the opera), which is good for magic tricks. A ''battered'' top hat (possibly with the crown mostly detached and sticking up like a tin lid) is the headgear of choice for Victorian tramps. Battered and ''dusty'' top hats were sometimes worn by characters in [[SpaghettiWestern Spaghetti Westerns]].
** Example: On ''Series/TheDailyShowWithJonStewart'', John Oliver occasionally wore a top hat, monocle, and tuxedo when he has to look demonstratively British.
** This hat gets a lot of variation when worn by [[Manga/DGrayMan the Millennium Earl.]] Who just so happens to be a caricature of a Victorian Gentleman. Except he is very sinister.
* '''Tricornes''' (three-cornered cocked hats) are for [[DressedToPlunder pirates]], swashbucklers, highwaymen, and [[UsefulNotes/PeterTheGreat various eighteenth-century]] [[UsefulNotes/FrederickTheGreat European monarchs]] styled "the Great". Also a prerequisite for the American Revolution.
* The '''Trilby''' looks like a Fedora, but has a lower crown and shorter "stingy" brim (though hat experts will get into [[SeriousBusiness heated arguments]] over where the dividing line between the two is, precisely). Trilbys are also often made of patterned canvas rather than felt. The trilby was often used in older stories for reporters, usually with a "PRESS" tag tucked into the band. Also, ''Literature/AClockworkOrange''. Or [[VideoGame/ChzoMythos Trilby]], or [[Creator/BenCroshaw his]] [[WebAnimation/ZeroPunctuation writer]]. Also a favorite of jazz musicians and {{hipster}}s. If made of sewn fabric instead of moulded felt, expect a GrumpyOldMan in a suit that was obviously bought when he was several decades younger (and [[MiniatureSeniorCitizens several inches taller]]). Oft mistaken for, and sold as, fedoras; please note that many people who rail against fedoras on the grounds that they look silly or associate them with nerds and misogynists and other such grognards are actually thinking of trilbys. A good way to tell the difference: [[Creator/HumphreyBogart Bogie]] [[http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_8j0xzOXdJI8/TTcQP7nLppI/AAAAAAAAAIY/PfLjOHgswYE/s1600/casablanca2.jpg wore a fedora]]. BingCrosby [[http://media.gettyimages.com/photos/bing-crosby-picture-id527186628 wore a trilby]].
* A '''Tudor bonnet''' means that you're in England during the Renaissance (specifically, the reign of [[CaptainObvious the Tudors]]), or any play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, regardless of when and where it's set. If you're in the modern day, you're probably at a university, and know far too much about far too little. You might occasionally pass on some of that knowledge in between grading papers and furthering that in-depth mastery of your sub-sub-sub-field.
* Knit wool hats (or, as [[CanadaEh some people]] call them, '''toques''') indicate ''it's bloody cold''. Or you're a skater/punk, but only from the '90s. A bright red one could mean you're Jacques Cousteau.
* '''Turban''': Another stock foreign hat, it's another 'somewhere from the East' cap, though in this case, it's more specific: either the Middle East or India.[[labelnote:*]]In real life it is more widespread, ranging from parts of Africa to northwestern China.[[/labelnote]] Wearers in fiction often occupy an important but ultimately stereotypical/bit role; if your average superspy is in India looking for his contact, he'll be the guy wearing the turban. Another trope so dead it's only parodied outside of very specific regional variations used to denote setting.
** Exceptions being made for Sikhs, but how many Sikhs have you seen lately on TV or films?
*** An episode of ''Series/OnlyFoolsAndHorses'' featured a Sikh doctor who inspired Del Boy to invent the "crash turban", [[CrowningMomentOfFunny a self-explanatory device which has to be seen to be believed.]]
** A fortune-teller or mentalist might sport a particularly gaudy version.
** If made of satin and lightly wrapped to closely follow the contours of the head, indicates cutting-edge 1920s feminine fashion.
* A '''Tyrolean cap''' says "dedicated hiker", or, when paired with lederhosen and suspenders, "yodeler", or, when paired with a bow and a quiverfull of arrows, RobinHood.
* An '''''ushanka''''' (a fur hat with ear flaps) says Russia (Wikipedia has "Russian hat" as a redirect, try to find another country with a similar redirect). If there's a Soviet badge on, RedsWithRockets. It's common to [[Memes/{{Comics}} want to touch a hat that sexy]].
** Curiously, a hat with a very similar design, but worn with the ear flaps down, has a completely different connotation.
** In Russia, the ushanka with flaps down says bum or rustic old fart.
** It also seems to be popular in [[CanadaEh Canada]] and the northern United States when it's really cold outside. (Think ''Film/{{Fargo}}''.)
** A red, checkered cap with ear flaps and a wool lining means you're a lumberjack, and possibly that [[Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus you're okay]].
* '''Whoopee cap''': A felt cap with a short brim turned up all around, cut into a jagged shape reminiscent of a crown. It's usually accessorized with pins and buttons with slogans on them. Popular among kids during the 1930s and 1940s, when they would cut up their fathers' old (and, one hopes, officially thrown-out) fedoras to make them. Most appearances in fiction died out after the 1950s, but it can be seen on characters like [[Franchise/ArchieComics Jughead]] and [[Series/TheAndyGriffithShow Goober Pyle]]. The stereotypes for wearers (if they're not kids in contemporary works) are "teenage {{delinquent}}" or "ManChild", depending on age.
* The '''yarmulke''' (also called a '''kippah''') ''screams'' "I'm Jewish!" at the top of its lungs. But it's only worn by men, and hardly ever worn outside of a synagogue by non-Orthodox Jews. Only use if you need to make someone visibly Jewish without resorting to racial stereotypes.
** Oddly, wearing one of these (called a "zucchetto" in this context) could also mean you're the Pope or other Catholic clergy, depending on the colour. Possibly they took up the fashion to keep their tonsured heads warm.
** Similarly, a black fedora or a '''''shtreimel''''' (which looks like a big fur hockey puck), combined with curlicue sideburns and a beard, takes the Judaism UpToEleven. (In RealLife, people who wear hats like these are part of a specific ultra-orthodox subsect called Hasidism. Don't expect the average writer to understand this, however.)
** Incidentally, in Medieval Europe the traditional Jewish hat was quite different-looking: a pointed cap with a narrow brim. See [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_hat here]].
* The 19th century had a wide variety of hats and helmets, associated with different branches of the military: the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busby Busby]], the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czapka Czapka]]''', the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grenadier grenadiers]] miter-cap''', the '''[[http://www.reocities.com/Pentagon/2383/jpg/Moretto.jpg Moretto]]''', the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papakhi Papakhi]]''', the '''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shako Shako]]''', ''etc''. Nowadays, you are most likely to see any of these on a marching band. Except papakhi, which is still worn by Cossacks, native peoples of Caucasus and Russian colonels and generals.