Has Two Mommies
aka: Has Two Daddies
"Ever since then, I have had two mothers. Well, this is a little bit unusual, but both of them are my precious mothers."The two may be lovers, who have now become a family through adoption, a helpful donor, or through the wonders of magic or science, with added likelihood of Patchwork Kids if the latter. The two may be close siblings (but not that close) or the best of friends, with one of them wishing to help out their single parent buddy. The two may be in that very fine line between the previous two examples, giving much Ship Tease and Ho Yay to the delight of their fans. Whatever the reason, it's all the same: A family unit that cheerfully ignores the traditional view of a family requiring a father and mother, by having two (or more!) parents, parental figures, or Parental Substitutes of the same sex. Nevertheless, one of these characters may be referred to by the opposite gender parental term; sometimes in personal amusement, sometimes out of jest, sometimes to fit with the standard family unit. In fiction, Cast Speciation will usually result in the two parents fitting into a father and a mother role anyway. Usually the child will be the same gender as their parents. The name of this trope came from Heather Has Two Mommies, a children's book by Lesléa Newman and Diana Souza that drew the ire of many conservative groups for its proposed use in the New York school system to portray a lesbian couple with a child as normal, wholesome, and happy. Taken to its logical extreme, this trope results in Homosexual Reproduction. Compare All Lesbians Want Kids.
— Vivio, Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ViVid.
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- Finnish TV ad for a teleoperator had a little school boy asking tough questions of his dad. One of them was a sincerely delivered "why does Jani have two dads — and I have only one?" Awww.
- JC Penney has run Mother's Day and Father's Day ads depicting families two of the appropriate gendered parents.
Anime and Manga
- Lyrical Nanoha:
"Ah I see, so she's their daughter... wait a second here..."
- Vivio with Nanoha and Fate (pictured above). Vivio calling them both "Mama" for the first time was accompanied by the sound of the Nanoha/Fate shippers going Squee. The third Megami Sound Stage suggested that Fate is being sent on deep space missions to distance herself from being considered Vivio's mama. This ultimately proved futile since Vivio still sees Fate as her mama four years later in Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ViVid, and Vivio notes in the "Second Mother's Day" one shot that despite her frequent (and often, unexpected) absences, she sees her as her second mother and gives her gifts for Father's day. Later Lampshaded by a minor character.
- Fate once tells Vivio that she has two mothers herself, albeit in a different sense, mentioning Precia as her biological mother and Lindy as her adoptive one.
- And before all of that, we have Reinforce Zwei, who Hayate created based off of data from the original Reinforce and herself.
- After the events of Sailor Moon's Infinity arc, Hotaru becomes the adopted daughter of Haruka-papa and Michiru-mama, and is watched over by Setsuna-mama as well.
- Pretty much by series definition, the parents of the characters in Vandread. Ezra, one of the female side characters, was pregnant with the child of Rebecca, another female crew member, via technological gene-mixing. Males from Tarraku are made in ex-utero factories and raised in orphanages, and so get no parents at all. The higher class Tarraku men can choose who to reproduce with, and Bart obviously knows of at least one parent though, so the "no parents" bit seems to be confined to the third class citizens.
- Ojamajo Doremi's second and third seasons center around four/five 10/11 year old girls (Doremi, Aiko, Momoko, Hazuki and Onpu) and a 5/6 year old girl (Pop) taking care of the baby Hana-chan.
- The main character of the CLAMP manga Man of Many Faces has two mothers who were twin sisters, which he called Mommy A and Mommy B. He also had a father who's mostly a Disappeared Dad except one time he disguised himself as Santa to see his son on Christmas Eve.
- In Kyo Kara Maoh Greta ends up with two adopted daddies, Yuri and Wolfram.
- Two of the women in Iono the Fanatics have a child together through the power of science in the epilogue.
- The Arume in Blue Drop have two female parents by definition, since that race only consists of women. They also only interbreed with earth women, so their hybrid offspring has two mothers as well.
- One episode featured a Nurse Joy reflecting back on her childhood. In the positions of encouraging her in her ambitions, we see not a mother and father... but a pair of Nurse Joys. Just one more headscratcher in the mystery that is the Joy/Jenny collective.
- Pokemon The First Movie has a non-indicative Japanese teaser trailer which shows a grown-up Misty presumably in a relationship with the blue-haired lady from the port. The trailer shows them with what appears to be their daughter.
- Another episode had a Smoochum with three mommies.
- Almost there in Pet Shop of Horrors: Regardless of Leon being Chris's brother, he's a parental figure... and so is Count D.
- The behind-the-dust-cover omake to The Day of Revolution features a child referred to only as 'Junior,' who was raised by Megumi and Makoto. Various origins for the kid are proposed in order of increasing unlikelihood.
- Fay D. Flourite of Tsubasa Reservoir Chronicle likes to think of himself and Kurogane (Dad) as parental figures to Syaoran and Sakura. This is made a lot more serious later in the series with Real!Syaoran for whom they basically are surrogate parents.
- In a similar vein, Tamaki from Ouran High School Host Club sees himself as a father figure to the rest of the club (and especially Haruhi). With Kyouya, apparently, being the mother...
- Cibo and Sana-Kan from Blame. In a very literal sense, considering the child is composed of genes from both of them, with Cibo as the mother, and Sana-Kan as the father. Somehow.
- In Spider-Man-J (a manga version of Spider-Man apparently unrelated to Spider-Man: The Manga) Sho Amano's parents aren't dead, just in the US. His aunt, Mami Amano, nonetheless insists she's his mother, much to his annoyance.
- Bikky of FAKE is adopted by Ryo, who goes on to date Dee. There's no sign that Dee adopts him as well, but they all do eventually move in together.
- Motoko Gettou in Change 123 has three fathers, and it is each of their training that lead to... her Split Personality problem.
- One more from CLAMP, though it was more of a joke: an omake of Legal Drug was an alternate universe in which Kakei explained to his son Kazahaya that he was remarrying to Saiga (Rikuo's father), and asked Kazahaya to call him "Mommy" from now on, "to avoid confusion". Kazahaya's brain protested.
- Alexi in Shinkuu Yuusetsu was raised by his two daddy figures; the biological father and his (non-sexual) male partner. He eventually gets to meet his mother, but opts to go back home to be with his own partner and father(s).
- This is implied at the end of Wild Rose with Kiri, Mikhail and Camille.
- In Happy Yarou Wedding, Shouta, a five year old with a Missing Mom, is delighted to have "Yuuhi-mama" become part of the family when he and Todou get together. Yuuhi is less than keen on the name.
- In Sweet Guilty Love Bites Ryuna eventually gets a second mommy in Mayu in the form of a "helper", even if it is kept quiet.
- A roundabout version of this is in Gunslinger Girl. Speranza is Triela's biological daughter (thanks to Hillshire preserving her eggs), but it's Roberta Guellfi who carried, gave birth to, and raised her.
- Sorenari Ni Shinken Nandesu has Oosawa raising his daughter Chizu as a single working father after his divorce. Enter Yoshioka, who is interested in Oosawa, and in no time flat, Chizu has herself two daddies.
- In the extra chapter of Ebisu-san and Hotei-san, Hana explains to her friend that she has three mommies: her biological mother, her aunt "Mayo-chan," and her aunt's "friend."
- This is implied to have happened to a minor character in One Piece, thanks to Emporio Ivankov's Horu Horu no Mi powers. One of the functions of his Devil Fruit is to gender flip someone with his "Emporio Onna Hormone". When the character comes to try and kill him as revenge for his father getting turned into a female (don't ask...), he gets turned into one himself, with Ivankov providing this line.
Ivankov: Two mothers and one daughter. Doesn't that sound lovely?
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, through some combination of Fanon and historical context, Canada has two father figures in both France and England. Of course, that's not always a good thing, considering they have a rather... disfunctional relationship, to say it politely.
- Peter Sellers's LP sketch "Auntie Rotter" has Auntie Rotter pointing Daddy out to the children in her care and saying "Wouldn't it be lovely to have two Daddies? Well, we can arrange that!". Her unorthodox way of achieving this is to have the children chop Daddy in half.
- A joke: "Your mom's gay!" "Which one?"
- In The Authority, Apollo and Midnighter are a gay couple who adopted superpowered baby girl Jenny Quantum, who refers to them as 'Daddy Midnighter' and 'Daddy Apollo'... except for once when she called Apollo 'Happy Daddy'.
- Rafael from Dykes To Watch Out For is sometimes addressed as "Heather" by his classmates. His mothers, Toni ("Mommy") and Clarice ("Meema"), do not approve of his violent responses to this.
- Strangers in Paradise ends with Francine and Katchoo raising their respective offspring together.
- In Janes in Love we find out that Brain Jane has two dads (who we have every reason to believe are a couple).
- Mystique and Destiny are like this with Rogue in X-Men.
- Wonder Woman had an entire island of mommies, sisters and surrogate daughters seeing as the Amazons are pretty much a One-Gender Race.
- In The Sandman, Foxglove and Hazel raise a son together (biologically Hazel's via a clueless encounter).
- Post-Crisis Superboy's biological parents are Superman... and Lex Luthor, made through cloning. Socially speaking, he's pretty much raised by Superman and Supes's adoptive parents; Luthor is, with a few exceptions, very much the deadbeat dad.
- In Bamse, Lille Skutt's brother lives together with another male rabbit. They (informally) adopted a foundling.
- Amelia Rules: Amelia Louise McBride lives with her mother (divorced) and her cool aunt Tanner.
- Bruce Wayne and Alfred Pennyworth raised Dick Grayson together.
- The first arc of the new Young Avengers reveals that Miss America Chavez had two mothers, who died creating paradise for her, which she rejected and struck out to hero on her own.
- X-23 is a bizarrely complicated case. Although generally described as Wolverine's Opposite-Sex Clone, this definition is simplified to the point of inaccuracy (as noted by Sarah Kinney herself in Innocence Lost). Since she was created by duplicating Logan's X-chromosome, all of her genetic material can be traced to Elizabeth Howlett, so probably the strictest view of her genetics makes her the parthenogenetic offspring of Logan's mother (therefore his sister) gestated by Sarah Kinney as surrogate, who provided her own genetic material via maternal inheritance, therefore giving Laura two genetic mothers (the fact that it can be argued that Logan providing her genetic material directly makes him her genetic progenitor—therefore her father—just clouds this even further).
- Sabrina the Teenage Witch is raised by her two aunts, but in this case they're sisters instead of lovers.
- Steven Universe fandom:
- In Slightly Altered, Buwaro is adopted by Azurai and Iratu. They end up being better parents than you'd think.
- Harry Potter fandom:
- The fanfic Making Puppies which has Sirius and Remus have a child thanks to the fanon that Lupin apparently is a female while in werewolf form.
- There are plenty of "Sirius and Remus raising Harry" fics. Taken Up to Eleven in Dangerverse.
- There's a fanfic where Harry and Voldemort turn into cats, mate, turn back to normal, and then several months later Harry gives birth (don't ask how) to a healthy litter of kittens.
- Quite notable in Kim Possible Fanfiction, where several fics have lead the popular Kim/Shego couple to have children together, in different ways. Most well known examples include: Kasy and Sheki (By far the most well known. Search for them in DeviantArt and you'll find dozens of fanarts!), Shin and Al, Todd and Jayden, Potentially Agni (If Kim ends up as adoptive mother). There is even a group for the kids.
- The Doctor Who fic Ameila Pond Has Two Immortal Daddies is Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Axis Powers Hetalia fandom:
- The anonymous fanfic on the Kink Meme Are You There God? It's Me, Canada has privately Snarky!Canada growing up with his two dads, England and France. Hilarity Ensues.
- Several fanfics have Canada and America being raised by England and France, making the FACE family.
- Fandom often portrays Sweden and Finland as Sealand's two daddies. Sometimes the family extends to Ladonia, too.
- This Soul Calibur fanfic has Talim getting adopted by Cassandra, Sophitia and Taki. And that's not the wierdest thing that has happen so far.
- Shinji in Aeon Natum Engel was taken care of by two female agents before Gendo summons him.
- In the Twilight Alternate Universe fic Luminosity, Gianna and Maggie are vampiric mates, and, through a surrogate mother, eventually have a human child named Molly.
- Avatar: The Last Airbender fandom:
- Some fics have Hakoda and Bato as Katara and Sokka's two daddies, raising them after their mother was killed. There are others meanwhile that portray the whole mentality of a village being like a big family, Katara, Sokka, and the rest of the children in the Water Tribe all to some extent having more than one mother and father.
- And in this fanfic about the future, because we know how much Ty Lee loves Azula.
- Before we knew about Amon's backstory, there were some fics where Amon was Azula and Ty Lee's child because he was a villain and a chi-blocker.
- Touhou fandom:
- Fanon is that Kanako and Suwako behave as Sanae's parents, and raised her before they all moved to Gensoukyou. Bonus points for Sanae being a direct descendant of Suwako.
- At Chirei portrays the Palace of the Lost Spirits Cast Herd as this, with Satori and Koishi as the parents and Rin and Utsuho as the children. Koishi leaving to explore the surface is played a lot like a divorce, with Rin and Utsuho desperate to get them back together. (Keep in mind, Satori and Koishi are sisters.)
- A popular trope in The Social Network fandom is to have Dustin react to Mark and Eduardo's issues as if his parents are divorcing. The other characters (especially Chris) usually think he's insane, but he's not entirely wrong.
- Sean O'Callhahan, the Red Ranger in Power Rangers GPX was partially raised in a same-sex household with his mom and another woman. His girlfriend Maria also grew up in a similar household. Sean later stands up for every single kid raised in a same-sex household:
- In the Castle fanfic, Of Finding Innocence, Kate and Meredith come to a peaceful compromise over the issue of custody with Alexis by agreeing that they both be her mothers. So there, young Alexis Castle has two mommies and a daddy.
- Back when Young Avengers was still new, fans got a lot of mileage out of the possibility of a Hulking / Wiccan kid, as the former is an alien shapeshifter.
- Gender Flipped and played with in 'Shadows Of The Past' as Will literally has two sets of parents, Decepticon and human. Though both of the 'Cons are 'male' by default.
- D.Gray-Man's doujinshi Family Walker with Allen and Kanda raising two children who strangely appeared from seemingly nowhere and that resemble said parents when they were younger.
- Homestuck fic Brainbent's Sollux Captor has Dad One and Dad Two (as he calls them) Pollux Castor and Clubs Deuce.
- A couple of the children in The Emiya Clan have this as a joke. Arika is technically Shirou and Saber's daughter, but people like to say that she is Saber and Rin's via a strap-on toy, given her Tsundere nature.
- After the release of both The Avengers and The Amazing Spiderman, fans have since constructed the headcanon of the "Superfamily", with Captain America and Iron Man being the daddies of a young Peter Parker. The rest of the Avengers, sometimes including Nick Fury or Loki, babysit while Tony and Steve are out.
- In Burnt Snape was considering blood-adopting Harry in order to keep Dumbledore from sending him back to his abusive relatives at the end of first year. Alastor Moody suggested that the potion would "take" more strongly with the blood of more than one magical parent in it, adding "I hear that havin’ two daddies nowadays is very fashionable."
- It has come up a couple times in the Yoruichi/Soi Fon ship for Bleach, notably here and here.
- In the Lucky Star fanfic Lucky Star: After Story, Konata and Kagami are a married couple, and they have a daughter named Kanata.
- A Growing Affection has Toshiro and Momo Inuzuka, the children of Hana Inuzuka and her wife Shizune. Technically, Toshiro is Hana's son and Momo is Shizune's daughter, but they are still biological siblings from the same sperm donor.
- By the end of Ahsoka and Barris Full Circle, the two have adopted four orphaned girls
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fics:
- The Elements of Harmony and the Savior of Worlds states that Celestia and Luna were created by the Princess Ponies. As such, they consider and refer to all six as their mothers.
- My Little Mommies, wherein the duos of Twilight and Rainbow Dash, Pinkie and Fluttershy, and Applejack and Rarity each become parents to a single foal created with their combined DNA via a magic mirror; it's later revealed that Derpy Hooves and Sparkler (canon name: Amethyst Star) had the same thing happen to them some years before, though Sparkler was unaware of exactly what had happened at the time.
- Several fics have Twilight and Rainbow Dash adopt Scootaloo, or are heading in that direction. Examples include Rainbooms and Romance, its sequel A Life of Love (now removed for revision), and Under Our Wing, by the same author; ssjgokillo's Sparkle Dash Family: TMP Stories; The Abyss's I'll Always Be Here For You; and bats' Spellbound Fireflies.
- Discussed in Nightmare Night and Nyx. The realization that Nyx is technically related to Twilight by blood leads to the realization that she may also be related to Luna by the same reasoning. After an epic Spit Take from Celestia (or was it Luna herself?) disguised as Nightmare Moon, she summarily discards the notion. The sequel Alicornundrum does show that Luna has come to regard her as a little sister of sorts.
- The adopted A.I. known as Cole Anderson in The Matrix fanfic called: Bringing Me To Life has two dads, Smith is called Father, while Neo is Dad.
- The Legend of Korra: People Gonna Talk. Similar to the aforementioned A Growing Affection, Korra and Asami get married and have three children by the same sperm donor. It's later revealed that years before, Azula and Ty Lee went the same route (Ty Lee carried their only child, and Zuko was the donor dad, though he didn't know it at the time).
- Korra and Asami with their adopted kids are a small but popular subset of Korrasami fanart, which generally results in fans' heads exploding in glee.
- Harry Potter and the Wand of Uru: Lily and Narcissa have been having an affair long enough that Harry, his sisters, and Altaira (Draco's sister) all refer to them as Mum and Mother respectively.
- In Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle, Tarik, the guy Harold and Kumar meet in jail has two dads.
- Three Men and a Baby, the illegitimate child of one of the three bachelors arrives at their doorstep, and their parental instincts take over. (No gays involved here.)
- The Incredibly True Adventure of Two Girls in Love is about two lesbians, one of which lives together with her aunt, her aunt's girlfriend and her aunt's ex who needs a place to stay. Three mommies!
- Could be said to partly be the case in Junior, a comedy where a man (Arnold Schwarzenegger) becomes pregnant. Although he winds up in a relationship with the woman who (unknowingly) provided the egg, at one point the other male scientist who pioneered the technique (Danny Devito) comments "It's my baby, too."
- How many fathers do their characters in Twins have?
- The Birdcage shows a later state; a boy having been raised by two gay men (two very gay men) who run and star at a drag club, has grown to be a sane, stable, heterosexual adult as the film opens. One of the men is his biological father as he was conceived during a one night, "see what those straight guys are always going on about" affair. Val (the young man in question) explains it perfectly "I'm the only guy in my fraternity who doesn't come from a broken home!"
- In Practical Magic (both the film and the book) Gillian and Sally Owens are orphans who are raised by their aunts.
- The Wedding Banquet ends with Wai-tung, Simon and Wei-wei all raising the baby together.
- Swedish comedy Patrik, Age 1.5 has a gay couple wanting to adopt a little boy and accidentally ending up with a teenager.
- The Kids Are All Right is entirely about one of these families.
- Used humorously at the end of Best in Show.
- In the Icelandic film 101 Reykjavík a middle-aged lesbian couple decide they want a baby together and will use a sperm donor. Then one of the women has a drunken one-night stand with her girlfriend's son and gets pregnant. The son is dismayed, but feels he can't tell his mother he's the baby's father. The women end up raising the baby together with the son as part of their household.
- In This Film Is Not Yet Rated one of the private investigators turns out to be a lesbian mother. One of the interviewed film-makers is a lesbian mother as well — something she rather snarkily makes note of in light of the claims of the Motion Picture Association of America's frequent claims that its ratings board was staffed by 'average' parents, suggesting that their definition of 'average' probably didn't include people like her.
- Sleepaway Camp: Angela and Peter's father was in a relationship with another man, whose fate following Mr. Baker's death is unrevealed.
- The Chechahcos involves two bachelor gold prospectors who wind up looking after a little girl they rescue from a sinking ferry boat. Later goes into Wife Husbandry when the girl grows up and falls in love with the younger, handsomer prospector.
- Jenny Lives with Eric and Martin had a similar theme to Heather and caused outrage from the Daily Mail in 1980s Britain.
- Daddy's Roommate also has a similar theme.
- Swindapa and Marion, the interracial lesbian couple in Island in the Sea of Time, adopt an abandoned baby girl, and name her Heather. They know about the book, they just have an odd sense of humor.
- Claudia in Interview With A Vampire has both Lestat and Louis for vampire dads.
- In David Eddings' Elenium stories, Sparhawk's squire dies, leaving behind a wife and several sons. His squire also has an illegitimate son with another woman, and after his death, the women move in together and raise the children. The children simply call them their mothers. There is no sexual relationhip implied between the women.
- Mercedes Lackey's Heralds of Valdemar:
- In the Last Herald-Mage Trilogy, there are a pair of Hawkbrother mages who raise a son together. They used a fellow Hawkbrother as a surrogate mother, as she wanted a child too, and agreed to have twins (magic can guarantee that), one going with her, one going with the male couple. The biological father is the protagonist, Vanyel.
- In the Vows and Honor stories, after retiring from mercenary work, Heterosexual Life-Partners Tarma and Kethry run a sword-and-sorcery school together and raise Kethry's kids along with Kethry's husband as a three-parent family. Because Tarma and Kethry are Blood Sisters and are all that is left of Tarma's Shin'a'in tribe (and Tarma is celibate by oath), the children are given the choice whether to join the Shin'a'in and help rebuild the tribe; Tarma is their Clanmother.
- In Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe, Idgie and Ruth lived together and raised Ruth's son together. The Film of the Book implied they were in love but not lovers. The book implied everything it could without saying it.
- Cyrus Finch (CyFi) in Unwind has two dads.
- In the Daughters (of an unusually coloured time of day) books, this is true for just about all the secondary characters, being that they're a bunch of lesbians who've gone off and colonized a distant planet. In fact, the only cast members who have a mentioned father are the Unity, and he's not mentioned after the prologue. The author really was that gay.
- In King & King & Family, the sequel to King & King (a Dutch book that caused a lawsuit because some ass didn't like that "romantic attraction between two men is being presented to my seven-year-old as wonderful, and good and the way things should be"), the newlywed kings "find a lonely orphaned girl, whom they adopt and raise as a princess".
- Classical Swedish picture book Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender (with sequels) has the aunts in question adopting two little orphan children.
- Mordred from The Dark Tower sort of fits this trope. He has two dads (Roland and the Crimson King) and two moms (Susannah and the succubus Mia) plus a semen carrier/impregnator extra parent in one of the 6 elemental demons. It fits here because he inherits most of his traits from his fathers, who he calls his White Daddy and Red Daddy.
- Halting State by Charles Stross casually refers early on to Sergeant Sue Smith's wife and their son, Davey.
- A fair few in the Star Trek Novel Verse. In the Star Trek: Enterprise Relaunch, Trip Tucker's brother and his husband have adopted a son together. In Star Trek: The Lost Era: The Buried Age, among the supporting characters, there are two female scientists who are married and raising children. In the same series, in the novel Serpents Among the Ruins, one character is shown to have two male parents, and a Romulan with an (adult) son mentions a mate of the same sex. There are also four-sexed Andorians with two sexes looking default "male" and two default "female" have both two mommies and two daddys by default, though that's cheating of course.
- The Virgin Suicides by Jeffrey Eugenides includes a character named Trip Fontaine, a popular boy being raised by his father and his father's boyfriend, Donald.
- In Wen Spencer's Ukiah Oregon series the main character, Ukiah Oregon, is a former feral child raised with his sister Callie by a lesbian couple.
- Wen Spencer also wrote A Brother's Price, which takes place in a world where males are so rare that they marry every sister in a family, and no one ever speaks of just "mother", always "mothers". Men get the brunt of childcare duties, but as they are rather fragile, if a husband dies without leaving an old enough son it's left to the mothers to raise the children.
- The children's book And Tango Makes Three is all about two male penguins at the Central Park Zoo in New York who take care of an egg, and then raise the resulting baby penguin, that another penguin couple cannot. Based on a True Story, the 2 penguins eventually drifted apart in Real Life.
- The Left Behind Antichrist villain Nicolae Carpathia had two biological fathers who were both gay, and was raised mostly by his mother and Viv Ivins until Nicolae and Viv had the mother disposed of. Later on in his life, Nicolae had his two fathers disposed of as well. And in the Dramatic Audio presentation of Glorious Appearing, Viv Ivins gets killed by a giant hailstone.
- Sing You Home by Jodi Picoult is about a lesbian couple trying to use frozen embryos to have a child.
- Since women are not allowed on the planet Athos, every non-immigrant has two Daddies. Reproduction is handled by taking a sperm sample from the biological father and combining it with an ovum extracted from carefully preserved tissue cultures. The resulting fetus is then developed to term in a uterine replicator.'
- In Isaac Asimov's Lucky Starr series, the protagonist's parents were killed when he was a child, and he was raised by his father's two best friends:
David Starr was [Conway's] son; his and Augustus Henree's. ... They were both mother and father to him...
- Gender Flipped in the Chaos Walking trilogy, in which the main character, due to the death of of the women in the town and his biological father, is raised by an Ambiguously Gay couple. He still regards them as his real parents.
- Jenchae's parents are both women in The Hour Before Morning, which isn't a big deal in the novel's future (though the fact that one's from The Empire and the other from La Résistance ends up being insurmountable).
- In Weetzie Bat, Weetzie wanted to have a child, but her boyfriend refused to, so she had sex with her best friend and his boyfriend. She eventually made up with her boyfriend, but no one knew who the biological father of the child was, so the four of them raised her together.
- In the novel (and film adaptations of) Imitation of Life, a white widow with a daughter takes in a black maid who also has a daughter and they form a Family of Choice, raising their children together. In the 1950s film, Susie actually sees Annie as more of a mother figure than her own mother.
- A variation occurs in the Secret Series, where Cass has two grandfathers instead. (Which is to say, two grandfathers who live together and come as a pair, not in the usual sense of having both a maternal and paternal grandfather.) Neither is biologically related to her or her mother, they just like to think of each other as family.
- Circle of Magic: Lark and Rosethorn are in a (polyamorous) relationship, and over the years foster a number of children, including the four main-characters, who truly come to view them as parents.
- The protagonist of Theirs Not To Reason Why was raised by her biomother and her stepmother. Because Ia's home planet is newly colonized her mothers were unable to use sperm donors and instead conceived her and her two brothers through one-night-stands. The fathers are not involved in their lives (Ia and her half-twin only know the identity of theirs through Ia's ability to scry the past) and the children consider the two women their only parents.
- The German novel Gottes Bodenpersonal: Eine Unwahrscheinliche Liebesgeschichte ("God's Ground Crew, An Unlikely Lovestory") has the two male protagonists foster a teenage boy at the end. It's implied they didn't want the hassle of formally adopting him, but it's implied that he will live with them until he's an adult, and stay part of the family forever.
- Bruce Coville's short story Duffy's Jacket has the title character and his cousins Andrew and Marie, whose mothers are sisters and raise the trio together, with no fathers in sight.
Live Action TV
- Season 3 of Rizzoli & Isles Frost's Mother and roommate come to town. The others figure out they are a couple. Towards the end of the episode Frost toasts his mom and her partner. Mom is shocked he knew. He says why do you think I kept inviting you to Massachuetts. The partner tells her I told you you were underestimating him.
- One episode of Amen had sisters Amelia and Cassietta deciding to co-adopt a baby, ending up with a situation like the one in Patrik, Age 1.5 above. The episode ended with their son deciding to join the military.
- Hal from Being Human (UK) was raised by six whores in a brothel, he didn't know which one was his actual mother, but loved them all anyway.
- Merlin in the miniseries Merlin (1998) has two literal mothers, Mab and the woman who gave birth to him, and Ambrosia, the woman who raised him.
- The Henrickson kids on Big Love have three mommies, who often seem more emotionally involved with each other than with their mutual husband; some of the other polygamist families are even more complicated.
- After the events of season 5 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Buffy's kid sis Dawn is raised by lesbian witches Willow and Tara for a good portion of season 6. Though one could make the argument that the entire Scooby Gang (including Spike, if in a Disreputable Uncle kind of way) helped, it's quite clear that Dawn sees Willow and Tara as surrogate parents - there's a reason she became their Shipper on Deck, and after Tara broke up with Willow she and Dawn met in a scene very remniscent of a divorced parent trying to keep contact with her child. In the canonical "Season 8" comic series Dawn tells Buffy that she sees Willow as her mother-figure.
- In the Doctor Who episode "The Shakespeare Code", Lilith has Bloodtide and Doomfinger, and it's probably literal.
- Friends has Ross's former wife, Carol, and her partner Susan. Ross's son, Ben, splits his time between his dad and moms. In one episode, Ben refers to Chandler as "Daddy." Of course, at the end of the show, it's indicated Ben ends up with three when Ross and Rachel are back together, this time for good.
Ross: No no—one daddy, two mommies.
- Full House. It's right there in the opening paragraph of its page.
- Rachel Berry on Glee has two gay dads, and it is unknown which of the two is her actual father as they mixed their sperm together and used a turkey baster to impregnate her surrogate mother.
- Olivia and Natalia on Guiding Light. Started out as a platonic version of this, but has lately become something more.
- Mohinder and Matt raising Molly. It was... weird, and the shippers loved it.
- Claire's biological mom moved in with her and her adoptive family. At the start of Volume Four, Claire had restored contact with the Petrelli family, resulting in Nathan Petrelli becoming her second father. Both here and in Volume Three, Claire had the unenviable distinction of having three parents involved in her life.
- Only temporary, but Hiro and Ando looked after Baby Matt Parkman.
- In the sixth season premiere of How I Met Your Mother, Cindy (a girl Ted struck out with on their first date) is dating another woman. In a flash-forward the couple are seen posing for a photo with their daughter.
"So no, that girl wasn't your mother. She ended up being someone else's mother. They both did."
- Barney's brother and his husband adopted two children. In one episode Barney proposes to Ted to adopt a child together.
- Kate and Allie had two divorced women living together with the combined three children from their respective marriages.
- Less Than Perfect's Owen Pronsky was raised by his two lesbian moms.
- Lost has a heterosexual example, after the end Aaron has two mommies as he ends up with both Kate and Claire raising him.
- Malcolm in the Middle briefly references a 'cousin Nancy' who has two fathers.
Reese: Two dads as your parents? That house has to be a dude's paradise!
- Eric, one of Francis's friends at Military School, has two dads, who are all fine with it. Hal is a bit weirded out.
- Modern Family has gay couple Cam and Mitchell adopting Baby Lily in the first episode.
- My Two Dads, a sitcom about two guys going after the same woman, who found themselves taking care of her daughter after she dies.
- Coop in Nurse Jackie has two mommies in the overtly lesbian sense.
- There was a lot of controversy about a segment on the Australian kids show Play School that featured a girl that had "Two mummies". The little girl, Brenna Harding, then a teenager, went on to star in Puberty Blues, and thanked her mums in her speech for the Logie award she won.
- As was Chuck from Pushing Daisies, although one of them actually is her mother.
- Romey and Lisa in the original Queer as Folk, and Lindsay and Melanie in the US version. The US version also had Ben and Michael adopting Hunter, an HIV-positive teen hustler.
- Sabrina the Teenage Witch was practically raised by her two motherly aunts (they're sisters). Zelda introduces herself and Hilda as "Sabrina's aunts" at a parent-teacher meeting, then very quickly points out that they're "Sisters! Not an alternative couple!" Since they've been around for centuries, it's safe to assume they've been Mistaken for Gay at some point or another. Both have brought boyfriends home, including their fight over Mr. Craft.
- The Sarah Jane Adventures: Luke has Sarah Jane and Mrs. Wormwood.
- Franky Fitzgerald in the Third Generation of Skins kids has two ex-army dads, who already appear to be the only parents in the entire series who take an interest in their kids.
- Cassandra Fraiser of Stargate SG-1, being rescued from a devastated homeworld and then co-parented by Sam Carter and Janet Fraiser, who wind up becoming best friends as a result.
- In Sugar Rush Kim's next door neighbour Tom has two dads and is constantly concerned that people will think he is also gay.
- The Tracey Ullman Show had a recurring skit with a teenage girl and gay dads.
- Two and a Half Men: Jake lives with his mother during the week, and with his father and paternal uncle on the weekends.
- As of Season 12, Walden and Alan get married and adopt an adorable boy named Louis.
- Henry from Once Upon a Time has Emma, his biological mother, and Regina, his adopted mother.
- Too Cute has the episode "Kitten Cottonballs", where Tonkinese cat Queenie and her elder daughter Princess have their current litters only one day apart and raise them together.
- The Fosters is about a lesbian couple with one biological and two adopted children that take in two additional foster children.
- Under the Dome has an interracial lesbian couple and their teenage daughter stuck in Chester's Mill after the dome comes down. It seems as if it's a fairly progressive town, as they've only been harassed over their sexuality once, and the racial aspect has yet to come up. One mommy dies in episode 7.
- Hannibal has a rather twisted example between Hannibal Lecter and FBI special investigator Will Graham with a serial killer's daughter that the two take care of after her father tried to murder her. Will genuinely wants to protect her from the backlash of the public, the suspicions of his superiors of her part in the murders, and then partly due to guilt he feels for killing her father. Hannibal's intentions are... less noble. Mainly, making sure Abigail doesn't tell Will he was the one who called her house that day, as that would out him as the copycat killer. Exploited by Hannibal after Will finds out that Abigail killed Nicholas Boyle and Hannibal helped hide the body, which was already part of another set up. He refers to the two of them as "her fathers" which has given them the Fan Nickname "Murder Family".
- Bob and David have a daughter together in the Mr. Show episode "Operation: Hell on Earth." They're never stated to be in a romantic relationship, but she is their daughter. She grows up to resent them, but probably not because they're both men but because they're Stage Dads who order her to tap dance, even as an adult.
- Psych: Lassiter's mom has a female partner. Lassie apparently struggled with this initially, but it looks like he's come to terms with it since they both walked him down the aisle at his wedding in season 7.
- Raising Hope has Barney and his two mothers.
"Mom? Put mom on."
- Sophia in Grey's Anatomy: Callie accidentally got pregnant after having a one-night stand with best friend Mark after one of her break ups with Arizona. After making up with Arizona, who later became her wife, the three of them decided to raise the baby together. This continued until season 9 when Mark was killed off after the plane crash.
- Played straight in Good Luck Charlie when Amy tells Bob that Charlie's newest playmate has two mommies (We later learn the girl is adopted). Bob is confused; which parent is he supposed to invite to the basement to watch sports?
- In the first episode of the sixth season of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, a doctor implanted an embryo of a mother into another mother, resulting that the daughter has biological mother and a mother who gave birth to her and raised the child. The Stinger reveals that the biological mother has three other children who were born by other mothers.
- The Taiwanese Series Two Fathers: Two single men raise a child together after her mother abandons her after giving birth. The mother didn't know which one was the real father, so she provided the hospital with both of their contact information.
- Annie on Marry Me was raised by a gay couple, Kevin One and Kevin Two. The egg was donated by "a lesbian they're no longer talking to."
- Red Band Society has Kara, whose mother ended up marrying her nanny.
Charlie: Dads fall for the nanny all the time — why not moms?
- In Murdoch Mysteries, Constable Crabtree was a Doorstep Baby raised by the town pastor and an unlikely number of "aunts". It's later revealed the aunts are sex workers and the pastor had helped arrange a Band of Brothels fot their protection.
- One of the lighter elements of Drop Dead Diva is that Jane deals with Deb's mother, Bobbie, and Jane's mother, Elaine.
- On more than one occasion on Switched at Birth, Kathryn and Regina have been introduced to people as Bay and/or Daphne's mothers, often leading to a case of Mistaken for Gay. note
- In the Australian play Pinball, a lesbian mother and her lover are battling for custody of her child. The mother's own family side against her and support the father in court.
- In The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Logainne has two daddies.
- In the George Bernard Shaw play Misalliance, The Ace attributes his vast knowledge to the fact that he had three fathers — his biological father, his father's "pet philosopher" who lived in their house, and a priest with whom his mother was having an affair.
- Marie, in the comic opera La Fille du Régiment was raised by an entire brigade of career soldiers, who found her abandoned on the battlefield. Hilarity Ensues when her long lost mother discovers her hundreds of dads.
- Brian Friel's Dancing at Lughnasa practically revolves around Michael's family structure; his mother and four aunts raise him between them, his uncle hangs around and is generally odd and his father turns up, messes everything up and leaves.
- Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots with Snake, Otacon, and Sunny.
- One of the ads on a Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas radio station was for a TV sitcom featuring an orphaned girl living with her 5 adoptive "uncles". GTA being GTA, it was pretty blatant that only one guy at most was an actual uncle.
Girl: I'm an emotionally abused orphan! Can't I get in on any of these groups hugs?
'Uncle': No, you stupid bitch!
- Ganondorf, the Big Bad of The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, was raised by the Gerudo witch sisters Koume and Kotake, better known as the Twinrova sisters. Since the Gerudo are all female, except for one male every hundred years (Ganondorf being the only example shown in canon), they likely consider having two mothers to be normal. This is actually justified since Kotake and Koume were Twinrova when Ganondorf was conceived, which makes sense.
- In Harvest Moon DS Cute, or better yet "Sprite Station For Girl" since the "wedding" feature is absent from the non-Japanese versions, if you choose the Best Friend choice over marriage to any of the 11 bachelors, you eventually end up with a child who has two mommies.
- In Pokémon, you can obtain Pokémon eggs by breeding any male and female Pokémon that are in the same egg group. The exception is Ditto, which can breed with nearly any Pokémon by transforming into it. Even if the other Pokémon's species only has one sex. Also, due to glitches, two Pokémon of the same sex can have eggs. For the terms of the Everstone exploit (equipping the mother Poke with an Everstone causes its nature to carry to the young), Ditto is considered the mother, even if the other Poke is female.
- Belial and Nebiros have adopted Alice as their surrogate daughter in Shin Megami Tensei. Mess with her and you will feel their wrath.
- Possible in The Sims series, through various means. There are no pre-created same-sex couples in the series, but there are a few instances of this trope playing out in other ways. Notable examples include the alien-hybrid baby Tycho Curious in The Sims 2, who not only has two biological dads but is also raised by three men (his human father Pascal and Pascal's two brothers, Vidcund and Lazlo). Then there's the Single Moms household in The Sims 3 which is headed by two women, Fiona McIrish and Molly French, best friends who share a house and are raising their kids (Fiona's teenage daughter River and Molly's toddler daughter Sandi) together.
- Possible and quite common with the asari in Mass Effect. They breed through melding of nervous systems, and are capable of doing it with any species or gender. Though their society frowns upon having two asari parents ("pureblood" is a racial slur among them), but it's not as uncommon as they would like to pretend, and females of other species are fair game, in any case. Specifically, Liara T'Soni has two asari mothers, though she never knew the one who "fathered" her, for the lack of better term. Defied in the third game when you can actually meet Liara's father. After Shepard briefly calls her Liara's "other mother", she gets annoyed and says that she's her father, not another mother; to the asari, "mother" specifically refers to the one who physically carries the child to term. note
"No, I didn't pop her out. I'm her father!"
"I'm sorry, it's just that if you had been human, you would both be considered the mother, no matter who gave birth to her."
"Well I'm not human, am I? Anthropocentric bag of dicks."
- If you end up with Helena in Cute Knight Kingdom you may also receive a mysterious doorstop baby (with the same origin as the PC).
- Samus in the Metroid series had two daddies when the Chozo adopted her.
- In the beginning of Golden Sun: Dark Dawn, previous heroes Isaac and Garet are have raised their respective sons Matthew and Tyrell together, and basically act as though they're a family. No moms are in sight— Matthew's (Jenna) is indicated to be alive and well in a different city, but Tyrell's isn't even mentioned. As you go through the game it seems that there's no enmity between Matthew's parents, which leads some to conclude that she's living away for her safety.
- Blink and you'll miss it, but Magical Diary's Jacob has at least two dads. Considering the setting, it's entirely possible that they're both his biological parents but that's not known so far.
- Diane from Shining Force has three mothers.
- Touko Fukawa from Dangan Ronpa has one dad and two moms. When questioned about how that works, she refuses to elaborate. It turns out to be a subversion, since School Mode reveals that what she really meant was that her parents got divorced and her father remarried.
- Aura Blackquill and Metis Cykes from Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney - Dual Destinies . The robots they jointly created previously referred them both as Mama. Until Metis was killed, which made Aura hate it. They now call her Miss Aura.
- The player character can easily become part of such a family in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, as all of the potential marriage partners are seemingly bi and none of them object to adopting children once married.
- In Abe & Kroenen, Abe suggests that they might one day adopt and raise a child. Kroenen points out the many ways in which this would be a very bad idea.
"It would be like My Two Dads but instead of 'Dads' it is 'horrible monsters'. And instead of 'Two' it is horrible."
- Winter from Girly has two biological female parents as described but not explained here.
- Terinu is... complicated. It's quite possible to argue that he has four "moms". His biological mother (implied as dead in a flashback), Melika, the vulpine woman who raised him from ages three to nine and whom he has the closest relationship with, Mavra Chan the Ax-Crazy Space Pirate who raised him to her personal assassin from nine to fifteen, and finally Leeza, who not only has actual legal guardianship of him, she's also his Master, since he's mentally imprinted to obey her every order. Currently only Leeza and Melika are likely to work together to raise him however.
- Berlinetta of Other People's Business has two daddies.
- Pluto from Star Guys has two mothers. Apprently making Pluto was "a long and expensive process".
- Touhou Nekokayou has Marisa and Alice's two daughters, Shanghai Margatroid and Carroll Kirisame (complete with Heather Has Two Mommies reference). The former was "born" after Alice and Marisa finally figured out how to create an independent doll and applied it to Alice's Shanghai doll. That "birth" takes place in CSA's ending. The latter, meanwhile, was the result of magical Homosexual Reproduction, the exact details of which remain a secret.
- Kalki, Snadhya'rune's daughter. Her father is Mel'arnach, the protagonist Ariel's biological mother, meaning that she literally has two mommies thanks to Jaal'darya science.
- Several examples in Drow society since Everyone Is Bi. It's implied that Ariel's sister Lael'aelle was raised by her mother Quain'tana and the Ill'haress of the Sullisin'rune, Ash'waren.
- The son of Kronar, son of man, in Oglaf. Kronar's entire tribe has reportedly been "free of woman's taint" for generations. It's probably best not to think too hard about how.
- While they did not consult each other on their pregnancies, the two leads from Moon Over June gave birth on the same day and are effectively raising their daughters together. There is room to dispute whether this is a good thing
- The adopted children of Vaarsuvius and Inkyrius from The Order of the Stick have two parents whose genders are both officially listed as "ambiguous". Does that count?
- Leanne from the Furry Comic Rasvaar has two mothers: one her biological mother, and the other her 'mad' (a portmanteau of mum and dad).
- Secondary character Yvette in Precocious. As explained by Chrispy Eva is her biological mother and Candy's brother was the sperm donor.
- As revealed in the final arc of And Shine Heaven Now, the boy that will grow up to be Vampire Hunter D, genetically, is the son of Integra Hellsing and Seras Victoria. Note, however, D doesn't know this, and believes Alucard is his father. Oh, and by the way, only Integra and Seras know how this happened and neither are telling.
- Referenced in Questionable Content. Marten's divorced dad remarries, this time to a man, to which Marten's response is "Fuck yeah, two dads!" When he and his stepfather were debating how they should refer to each other, Marten decided to call Maurice, "Dad Two: Dad Harder."
- Shortpacked! - Leslie and Robin - thanks to some Comic Book Science admittedly "inspired" by Justice League and Batman Beyond - are the biological parents of triplet girls.
- Split Screen: Jan and her sister were raised by her mother and her "other mother", Nancy.
- Latchkey Kingdom : Two women each claim the other stole their baby, and demand the king resolve the situation. The new king decides to marry them...to each other.
- Melissa from Magick Chicks. One of them uses a magic artifact to make everyone think she's male. They're her biological parents due to a fusion accident.
- Agents Trojanhorse and Paddlebrains of the Protectors of the Plot Continuum are both women (technically — Pads is a redhaired chainsmoking female copy of Sirius Black — don't ask). They have three adopted children; two sons from mpreg fanfics, and a daughter who is a Triceratops. It Makes Sense in Context. Many of the other adopted kids in the PPC would also fit.
- The mothersday PSA from Red vs. Blue: "You only have one mother. Unless you are from a progressive home like Donut." How serious this can be taken is debatable due to the out-of-canon nature of the PSAs.
- In Code MENT, Kallen takes this trope to its logical extreme. She thinks that "dad" is a made up word, and when asked where she thinks babies come from, she starts with "When a woman and another woman..."
- Suzaku seems to think he's got this as well, as at one point, he mentions that both his moms are dead. However, it's been established by other characters that this is not the case.
- All Grown Up! had an episode in which the kids were paired off in mock marriages and given an assignment to plan a wedding, start a home, and have children. The drawing for the pairs, however, was gender-neutral, pairing Chuckie with silent jock Fridge, and Angelica with long-time rival Susie. No one makes even one peep the entire episode about the suggestion that main characters were in simulated gay relationships.
- In American Dad!, gay couple Greg and Terry have a surrogate daughter, Liberty (Libby) Belle. Stan's wife Francine was the surrogate mother, which Stan was very unhappy about, until the end of the episode when he realizes gay couples can have children and be just as happy, and gives her the name Liberty.
- The finale to Daria shows that in the future Lindy and Alison will adopt several kids and live on a farm together one day.
- Darkwing Duck has another non-homosexual two-daddy family.
- Futurama has an episode in which Bender fosters "twelve baby humans" (for the money). Fry seems to be mostly along for the ride because he's Bender's roommate, but Bender does call him 'Ma' at one point and he sulks about wanting new kitchen cabinets.
- Time Squad has inept, overly macho time cop Buck Tuddrussell and his vitriolic, ambiguously Camp Gay robot buddy The Larry 3000 taking in an orphaned history buff who was living in an Orphanage of Fear. It didn't start out as a Has Two Daddies situation until Sigmund Freud analyzed Tuddrussell and Larry as a dysfunctional couple whose fighting will mentally and emotionally scar Otto for life on the third episode ("The Island of Dr. Freud"). From then on, the writers did everything they could to imply that the living arrangement could be construed as a "Has Two Daddies" situation.
- Race Bannon of Jonny Quest won Cartoon Network's poll for "Best Cartoon Mom".
- You can't mention Benton and Race without mentioning Brock and Rusty of The Venture Bros. (though neither of them come anywhere close to good parent material).
- JFK's adoptive parents in Clone High were a gay couple. He usually calls them "gay dads", but only in one episode, when he was doubting his sexuality, thanks to Wholesome Crossdresser Joan, he decides to join them in watching Will and Grace. He describes them as being like "My Two Dads, only gayer".
- In Transformers Animated Isaac Sumdac is captured by Megatron and his company is taken over by Porter C. Powell. The latter kicks Sari out, so she ends up living with the Autobots, effectively having five robot daddies (though Prowl, Bumblebee, and Bulkhead are more like older brothers and Ratchet is more of a grandpa). Biologically speaking, this is entirely possible also, being that she's at least half cybertronian, depending on who makes protoforms, and how many, she may have two biological daddies as well, counting Isaac.
- Pinky and the Brain:
- One episode featured the eponymous duo raising a child created from their combined DNA thanks to a malfunction in Brain's cloning machine. The name of said episode, "Brinky", even functions as a decent Portmanteau Couple Name.
- Another episode had them in Kansas stumbling upon an alien spacecraft containing a baby with mysterious powers. Intrigued by the baby's abilities, Brain tried to raise him with Pinky; obviously it didn't work out. In the end, Pinky and the Brain put him back in the ship so that a childless couple could find him...
- An episode of the combination animated/live-action PBS series Postcards from Buster (an Arthur spinoff) had Buster visiting with a live-action real girl, who said she had "two moms". No more was said about her parents but the more conservative faction of The Powers That Be decided that was promoting the "gay agenda", the episode was yanked, and used as an example of why all PBS funding should be immediately rescinded. (And it wasn't like this was James Dobson raising a shit fit. No, the Secretary of Education was behind this clusterfuck, and even tried to get all funding pulled for Postcards From Buster.)
- Buddy G, My Two Moms and Me has, well, take a wild guess.
- In one episode of Making Fiends, Charlotte adopts a bunch of baby explosive chicks with a very reluctant Vendetta. Charlotte refers to herself as the father, and Vendetta as the mother.
Charlotte: Since you're already the mommy, I'll be the daddy! We can spend a~ll our time together, like one big happy family~!
- On Sponge Bob Square Pants, SpongeBob and Patrick adopt a baby scallop. Patrick wants to be the mommy, but opts for daddy after SpongeBob points out he never wears a shirt (Patrick agrees that if he were the mom "this would be kinda shocking"). At the end, the scallop "flies" away, but Patrick suggests "Let's have another".
- The Oblongs has an Uncanny Valley Girl who could pass as a Hill person (missing jaw and mono-boob aside) who has two normal-looking dads.
- The Powerpuff Girls:
- Mojo Jojo created the Rowdyruff Boys in an attempt to destroy the girls. Instead, it was the boys who got destroyed. Years later, Him resurrected the boys and improved upon them. This came to a head in the episode "Custody Battle", where Mojo discovers that the Rowdyruffs were brought back, tries to take back his place as their father (the day happens to be Father's Day, by the way), and he and Him end up trying to out-evil each other. The boys have enough of this and announce that they only care about destroying the Powerpuff Girls, causing Mojo and Him to embrace and exclaim, "I'm so proud of them!"
- Jojo served as a sort-of father to the girls themselves, as he kicked open the flask of chemical X that created them (and made Jojo intelligent). Later, his chronologically-altered attempt to erase the girls's existence failed, ensuring two elements of primacy.
- Thailog, the evil clone of Goliath, has three fathers. His biological father, Goliath, his "maker", Dr. Sevarius, and the man who brought him up, Xanatos.
- Gargoyles in general raise their young communally. A gargoyle that has been raised traditionally by gargoyles standards has many mothers and many fathers.
- The Ren & Stimpy Show:
- One episode had Ren participating in a social movement called "Fake Dad", basing on the idea of a man (dog?) with no offspring caring for an orphan for a weekend. Ren says the line "Now that we're one happy family, let's spend some quality time together!" himself, putting Stimpy in the place of the second daddy.
- The episode "Stimpy's Pregnant" of Adult Party Cartoon. The biological impossibilty of Ren impregnating Stimpy is never mentioned or discussed. Right before the delivery, Ren says "Any minute now, we'll be mommy and daddy". It turns out Stimpy was not actually pregnant, just constipated. But neither of the "parents" find out about this - the excrement is treated like a child, though obviously, there's no trace of it in later episodes).
- The episode of South Park "Follow That Egg", where Stan and Kyle, and Wendy and Bebe, have to take care of an egg to prove Mrs. Garrison's point that gay couples can't raise children. At one point Wendy calls Kyle saying "I want to see my egg" to which he replies "it's not your egg anymore, Wendy".
- Detentionaire has another example where students are given the assignment to raise fake babies. Cam and Holger are paired together in the episode "Misadventures in Babysitting" and spend a couple days being two daddies to a robot baby. Holger is much happier about this than Cam.
- In Adventure Time, Neptr (Never-Ending Pie-Throwing Robot) is assembled by Finn, animated by a random bolt of lightning, and then energized to full functionality by Ice King, gaining some of his personality in the process by absorbing his private particles. He considers them both his fathers and calls Finn "Creator" and Ice King "Papi." Unfortunately, after the first episode both are Deadbeat Dads, forgetting about his existence for months at a time, and Neptr becomes something of a low-key "Well Done, Son!" Guy.
- Steven of Steven Universe has his Bumbling Dad, but he lives with the three Crystal Gems and is largely cared for by them. They even have different parenting styles, with Amethyst being permissive, Pearl being restrictive, and Garnet having a balanced approach. The episode "Fusion Cuisine" really explores the implications of this. Steven's friend Connie is nervous about introducing his family to her parents, because they're very traditional and she's afraid they won't accept her hanging out with a non-nuclear family. To try and fool them, the three Crystal Gems agree to temporarily fuse into a single being to pose as Steven's mom.
- Jeff from Clarence is shown to have two moms in "Jeff Wins".
- Ling Bouvier in The Simpsons is the adopted daughter of Selma Bouvier, who shares an apartment with her twin sister Patty.
- On Harvey Beaks, Technobear once bragged about having three moms, but this was most likely a lie.
- The concept of homosexual couples raising children is nothing new. Usually the child will either be adopted, or related to one of the parents through various means of artificial reproduction and/or surrogacy.
- Additionally, a parent who produces children the usual way may later separate from their partner and form a same-sex relationship afterwards. If the child is still dependent at this time and custody is granted primarily to the first parent, it is likely that the child will have two same-sex parents from this new relationship. In some countries the non-biological parent may also be permitted to co-adopt the child, giving both parents equal custody rights and legally designating both partners as the child's parents and legal guardians.
- Sometimes, they'll have it so that either the children will be biologically related to both parents. This is easy enough if one partner is cisgender and the other is Transsexual, but if both are cis or trans, then they have to get creative with this.
- Several examples of penguins.
- Taken to an extreme with seagulls; some populations only have lesbian couples, most of the female birds only mating once or twice in their entire lifetime with males in order to lay fertile eggs.
- Lionesses in a pride all raise cubs as an egalitarian community; every lioness treats each cub as a mother would.
- The famous female Crow Chief, Woman Chief (born Pine Leaf of the Gros Ventre and abducted by a Crow raiding party as a child), got children with one of her four wives through surrogate fatherhood. According to their culture, the first one who sleeps with a woman who gets pregnant is officially the father. Using this, Woman Chief went through the preliminary motions and got a male volunteer to take over for the rest.
- Louise Jarvis, the subject of the BBC documentary My Mums Used To Be Men, has two male-to-female transsexual mothers.
- Gangsta Rapper 50 Cent had a lesbian mother who had a relationship with another woman.
- As did Patrick Macnee. Which would have been in the 1920s.
- LGBT rights activist Zach Wahls, whose testimony to the Iowa State Legislature on same-sex marriage regarding his two mothers resulted in a very popular viral video.
- Villages and small communities with children probably fit in this category. Instead of it just being the parents job of providing and caring for a child, it is also the job of the rest of the village to help care for them.
- Older Than Radio: Owing to complicated political maneuvering, the young Guangxu Emperor had "mother" Ci'an and "father" Cixi. Both women had been wives of a previous emperor and were combining their Dowager Empress powers to rule together.
- Several openly gay celebrities are famous for having children, either through adoption or surrogacy.
- Neil Patrick Harris and his husband David Burtka became the proud fathers of twins Harper Grace and Gideon Scott Burtka-Harris via a surrogate mother.
- Rufus Wainwright and his partner had a girl, with Leonard Cohen's daughter Lorca serving as the surrogatenote .
- Except maybe for Melissa Etheridge and her former partner Julie Cypher, with a donation from David Crosby.
- Elton John has had a son with his husband via surrogate. This caused some controversy when a supermarket used the "family shield" to "protect young shoppers" from seeing Elton, his husband and their baby on a magazine cover. The supermarket eventually removed the shield after receiving complaints. They had a second son later.
- Matt Bomer and his husband Simon Halls have three sons: Walker, Kit, and Henry. D'awwwww!◊
- Sean Maher and his partner adopted two children.
- Three-person IVF treatment: The baby has another mother, the woman who is the source of his mitochondria. Useful for women who have serious risk of having a baby with defective mitochondria. (There's probably an Aquarion joke in the making here.)