"Ever since then, I have had two mothers. Well, this is a little bit unusual, but both of them are my precious mothers."
The two may be lovers, who have now become a family through adoption, a helpful donor, or through the wonders of magic or science
, with added likelihood of Patchwork Kids
if the latter. The two may be close siblings (but not that
close) or the best of friends, with one of them wishing to help out their single parent buddy. The two may be in that very fine line between the previous two examples, giving much Ship Tease
and Ho Yay
to the delight of their fans.
Whatever the reason, it's all the same: A family unit that cheerfully ignores the traditional view of a family requiring a father and mother, by having two (or more!) parents, parental figures, or Parental Substitutes
of the same sex. Nevertheless, one of these characters may be referred to by the opposite gender parental term; sometimes in personal amusement, sometimes out of jest, sometimes to fit with the standard family unit. In fiction, Cast Speciation
will usually result in the two parents fitting into a father and a mother role anyway. Usually the child will be the same gender as their parents.
The name of this trope came from Heather Has Two Mommies
, a children's book by Lesléa Newman and Diana Souza that drew the ire of many conservative groups for its proposed use in the New York school system to portray a lesbian couple with a child as normal, wholesome, and happy.
Taken to its logical extreme, this trope results in Homosexual Reproduction
. Compare All Lesbians Want Kids
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- Finnish TV ad for a teleoperator had a little school boy asking tough questions of his dad. One of them was a sincerely delivered "why does Jani have two dads - and I have only one?" Awww.
- JC Penney has run Mother's Day and Father's Day ads depicting families two of the appropriate gendered parents.
Anime and Manga
- Peter Sellers's LP sketch "Auntie Rotter" has Auntie Rotter pointing Daddy out to the children in her care and saying "Wouldn't it be lovely to have two Daddies? Well, we can arrange that!". Her unorthodox way of achieving this is to have the children chop Daddy in half.
- A joke: "Your mom's gay!" "Which one?"
- In The Authority, Apollo and Midnighter are a gay couple who adopted superpowered baby girl Jenny Quantum, who refers to them as 'Daddy Midnighter' and 'Daddy Apollo'... except for once when she called Apollo 'Happy Daddy'.
- Rafael from Dykes To Watch Out For is sometimes addressed as "Heather" by his classmates. His mothers, Toni ("Mommy") and Clarice ("Meema"), do not approve of his violent responses to this.
- Strangers in Paradise ends with Francine and Katchoo raising their respective offspring together.
- In Janes in Love we find out that Brain Jane has two dads (who we have every reason to believe are a couple).
- Mystique and Destiny are like this with Rogue in X-Men.
- Wonder Woman had an entire island of mommies, sisters and surrogate daughters seeing as the Amazons are pretty much a One-Gender Race.
- In The Sandman, Foxglove and Hazel raise a son together (biologically Hazel's via a clueless encounter).
- Post-Crisis Superboy's biological parents are Superman... and Lex Luthor, made through cloning. Socially speaking, he's pretty much raised by Superman and Supes's adoptive parents; Luthor is, with a few exceptions, very much the deadbeat dad.
- In Bamse, Lille Skutt's brother lives together with another male rabbit. They (informally) adopted a foundling.
- Amelia Louise McBride lives with her mother (divorced) and her cool aunt Tanner.
- Bruce Wayne and Alfred Pennyworth raised Dick Grayson together.
- The first arc of the new Young Avengers reveals that Miss America Chavez had two mothers, who died creating paradise for her, which she rejected and struck out to hero on her own.
- X-23 is a bizarrely complicated case. Although generally described as Wolverine's Opposite-Sex Clone, this definition is simplified to the point of inaccuracy (as noted by Sarah Kinney herself in Innocence Lost). Since she was created by duplicating Logan's X-chromosome, all of her genetic material can be traced to Elizabeth Howlett, so probably the strictest view of her genetics makes her the parthenogenetic offspring of Logan's mother (therefore his sister) gestated by Sarah Kinney as surrogate, who provided her own genetic material via maternal inheritance, therefore giving Laura two genetic mothers (the fact that it can be argued that Logan providing her genetic material directly makes him her genetic progenitor—therefore her father—just clouds this even further).
- Sabrina the Teenage Witch is raised by her two aunts, but in this case they're sisters instead of lovers.
- Steven Universe fandom:
- In Slightly Altered, Buwaro is adopted by Azurai and Iratu. They end up being better parents than you'd think.
- Harry Potter fandom:
- The fanfic Making Puppies which has Sirius and Remus have a child thanks to the fanon that Lupin apparently is a female while in werewolf form.
- There are plenty of "Sirius and Remus raising Harry" fics. Taken Up to Eleven in Dangerverse.
- There's a fanfic where Harry and Voldemort turn into cats, mate, turn back to normal, and then several months later Harry gives birth (don't ask how) to a healthy litter of kittens.
- Quite notable in Kim Possible Fanfiction, where several fics have lead the popular Kim/Shego couple to have children together, in different ways. Most well known examples include: Kasy and Sheki (By far the most well known. Search for them in DeviantArt and you'll find dozens of fanarts!), Shin and Al, Todd and Jayden, Potentially Agni (If Kim ends up as adoptive mother). There is even a group for the kids.
- The Doctor Who fic Ameila Pond Has Two Immortal Daddies is Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Axis Powers Hetalia fandom:
- This Soul Calibur fanfic has Talim getting adopted by Cassandra, Sophitia and Taki. And that's not the wierdest thing that has happen so far.
- Shinji in Aeon Natum Engel was taken care of by two female agents before Gendo summons him.
- In the Twilight Alternate Universe fic Luminosity, Gianna and Maggie are vampiric mates, and, through a surrogate mother, eventually have a human child named Molly.
- Avatar: The Last Airbender fandom:
- Some fics have Hakoda and Bato as Katara and Sokka's two daddies, raising them after their mother was killed. There are others meanwhile that portray the whole mentality of a village being like a big family, Katara, Sokka, and the rest of the children in the Water Tribe all to some extent having more than one mother and father.
- And in this fanfic about the future, because we know how much Ty Lee loves Azula.
- Before we knew about Amon's backstory, there were some fics where Amon was Azula and Ty Lee's child because he was a villain and a chi-blocker.
- Touhou fandom:
- Fanon is that Kanako and Suwako behave as Sanae's parents, and raised her before they all moved to Gensoukyou. Bonus points for Sanae being a direct descendant of Suwako.
- The doujin At Chirei portrays the Palace of the Lost Spirits Cast Herd as this, with Satori and Koishi as the parents and Rin and Utsuho as the children. Koishi leaving to explore the surface is played a lot like a divorce, with Rin and Utsuho desperate to get them back together. (Keep in mind, Satori and Koishi are sisters.)
- A popular trope in The Social Network fandom is to have Dustin react to Mark and Eduardo's issues as if his parents are divorcing. The other characters (especially Chris) usually think he's insane, but he's not entirely wrong.
- Sean O'Callhahan, the Red Ranger in Power Rangers GPX was partially raised in a same-sex household with his mom and another woman. His girlfriend Maria also grew up in a similar household. Sean later stands up for every single kid raised in a same-sex household:
- In the Castle fanfic, Of Finding Innocence, Kate and Meredith come to a peaceful compromise over the issue of custody with Alexis by agreeing that they both be her mothers. So there, young Alexis Castle has two mommies and a daddy.
- Back when Young Avengers was still new, fans got a lot of mileage out of the possibility of a Hulking / Wiccan kid, as the former is an alien shapeshifter.
- Gender Flipped and played with in 'Shadows Of The Past' as Will literally has two sets of parents, Decepticon and human. Though both of the 'Cons are 'male' by default.
- D.Gray-Man's doujinshi Family Walker with Allen and Kanda raising two children who strangely appeared from seemingly nowhere and that resemble said parents when they were younger.
- Homestuck fic Brainbent's Sollux Captor has Dad One and Dad Two (as he calls them) Pollux Castor and Clubs Deuce.
- A couple of the children in The Emiya Clan have this as a joke. Arika is technically Shirou and Saber's daughter, but people like to say that she is Saber and Rin's via a strap-on toy, given her Tsundere nature.
- After the release of both The Avengers and The Amazing Spiderman, fans have since constructed the headcanon of the "Superfamily", with Captain America and Iron Man being the daddies of a young Peter Parker. The rest of the Avengers, sometimes including Nick Fury or Loki, babysit while Tony and Steve are out.
- In Burnt Snape was considering blood-adopting Harry in order to keep Dumbledore from sending him back to his abusive relatives at the end of first year. Alastor Moody suggested that the potion would "take" more strongly with the blood of more than one magical parent in it, adding "I hear that havin’ two daddies nowadays is very fashionable."
- It has come up a couple times in the Yoruichi/Soi Fon ship for Bleach, notably here and here.
- In the Lucky Star fanfic Lucky Star: After Story, Konata and Kagami are a married couple, and they have a daughter named Kanata.
- A Growing Affection has Toshiro and Momo Inuzuka, the children of Hana Inuzuka and her wife Shizune. Technically, Toshiro is Hana's son and Momo is Shizune's daughter, but they are still biological siblings from the same sperm donor.
- By the end of Ahsoka and Barris Full Circle, the two have adopted four orphaned girls
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic fics:
- The Elements of Harmony and the Savior of Worlds states that Celestia and Luna were created by the Princess Ponies. As such, they consider and refer to all six as their mothers.
- My Little Mommies, wherein the duos of Twilight and Rainbow Dash, Pinkie and Fluttershy, and Applejack and Rarity each become parents to a single foal created with their combined DNA via a magic mirror; it's later revealed that Derpy Hooves and Sparkler (canon name: Amethyst Star) had the same thing happen to them some years before, though Sparkler was unaware of exactly what had happened at the time.
- Several fics have Twilight and Rainbow Dash adopt Scootaloo, or are heading in that direction. Examples include Rainbooms and Romance, its sequel A Life of Love (now removed for revision), and Under Our Wing, by the same author; ssjgokillo's Sparkle Dash Family: TMP Stories; The Abyss's I'll Always Be Here For You; and bats' Spellbound Fireflies.
- Discussed in Nightmare Night and Nyx. The realization that Nyx is technically related to Twilight by blood leads to the realization that she may also be related to Luna by the same reasoning. After an epic Spit Take from Celestia (or was it Luna herself?) disguised as Nightmare Moon, she summarily discards the notion. The sequel Alicornundrum does show that Luna has come to regard her as a little sister of sorts.
- The adopted A.I. known as Cole Anderson in The Matrix fanfic called: Bringing Me To Life has two dads, Smith is called Father, while Neo is Dad.
- The Legend of Korra: People Gonna Talk. Similar to the aforementioned A Growing Affection, Korra and Asami get married and have three children by the same sperm donor. It's later revealed that years before, Azula and Ty Lee went the same route (Ty Lee carried their only child, and Zuko was the donor dad, though he didn't know it at the time).
- Korra and Asami with their adopted kids are a small but popular subset of Korrasami fanart, which generally results in fans' heads exploding in glee.
- In Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle, Tarik, the guy Harold and Kumar meet in jail has two dads.
- Three Men and a Baby, the illegitimate child of one of the three bachelors arrives at their doorstep, and their parental instincts take over. (No gays involved here.)
- The Incredibly True Adventure of Two Girls in Love is about two lesbians, one of which lives together with her aunt, her aunt's girlfriend and her aunt's ex who needs a place to stay. Three mommies!
- Could be said to partly be the case in Junior, a comedy where a man (Arnold Schwarzenegger) becomes pregnant. Although he winds up in a relationship with the woman who (unknowingly) provided the egg, at one point the other male scientist who pioneered the technique (Danny Devito) comments "It's my baby, too."
- How many fathers do their characters in Twins have?
- The Birdcage shows a later state; a boy having been raised by two gay men (two very gay men) who run and star at a drag club, has grown to be a sane, stable, heterosexual adult as the film opens. One of the men is his biological father as he was conceived during a one night, "see what those straight guys are always going on about" affair. Val (the young man in question) explains it perfectly "I'm the only guy in my fraternity who doesn't come from a broken home!"
- In Practical Magic (both the film and the book) Gillian and Sally Owens are orphans who are raised by their aunts.
- The Wedding Banquet ends with Wai-tung, Simon and Wei-wei all raising the baby together.
- Recent Swedish comedy Patrik, Age 1.5 has a gay couple wanting to adopt a little boy and accidentally ending up with a teenager.
- Merlin in the miniseries Merlin has two literal mothers, Mab and the woman who gave birth to him, and Ambrosia, the woman who raised him.
- The Kids Are All Right is entirely about one of these families.
- Used humorously at the end of Best in Show.
- In the Icelandic film 101 Reykjavík a middle-aged lesbian couple decide they want a baby together and will use a sperm donor. Then one of the women has a drunken one-night stand with her girlfriend's son and gets pregnant. The son is dismayed, but feels he can't tell his mother he's the baby's father. The women end up raising the baby together with the son as part of their household.
- In This Film Is Not Yet Rated one of the private investigators turns out to be a lesbian mother. One of the interviewed film-makers is a lesbian mother as well — something she rather snarkily makes note of in light of the claims of the Motion Picture Association of America's frequent claims that its ratings board was staffed by 'average' parents, suggesting that their definition of 'average' probably didn't include people like her.
- Sleepaway Camp: Angela and Peter's father was in a relationship with another man, whose fate following Mr. Baker's death is unrevealed.
Live Action TV
- Season 3 of Rizzoli & Isles Frost's Mother and roommate come to town. The others figure out they are a couple. Towards the end of the episode Frost toasts his mom and her partner. Mom is shocked he knew. He says why do you think I kept inviting you to Massachuetts. The partner tells her I told you you were underestimating him.
- One episode of Amen had sisters Amelia and Cassietta deciding to co-adopt a baby, ending up with a situation like the one in Patrik, Age 1.5 above. The episode ended with their son deciding to join the military.
- Hal from Being Human was raised by six whores in a brothel, he didn't know which one was his actual mother, but loved them all anyway.
- The Henrickson kids on Big Love have three mommies, who often seem more emotionally involved with each other than with their mutual husband; some of the other polygamist families are even more complicated.
- After the events of season 5 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Buffy's kid sis Dawn is raised by lesbian witches Willow and Tara for a good portion of season 6. Though one could make the argument that the entire Scooby Gang (including Spike, if in a Disreputable Uncle kind of way) helped, it's quite clear that Dawn sees Willow and Tara as surrogate parents - there's a reason she became their Shipper on Deck, and after Tara broke up with Willow she and Dawn met in a scene very remniscent of a divorced parent trying to keep contact with her child. In the canonical "Season 8" comic series Dawn tells Buffy that she sees Willow as her mother-figure.
- In the Doctor Who episode "The Shakespeare Code", Lilith has Bloodtide and Doomfinger, and it's probably literal.
- Friends has Ross's former wife, Carol, and her partner Susan. Ross's son, Ben, splits his time between his dad and moms. In one episode, Ben refers to Chandler as "Daddy." Of course, at the end of the show, it's indicated Ben ends up with three when Ross and Rachel are back together, this time for good.
Ross: No no—one daddy, two mommies.
- Full House. It's right there in the opening paragraph of its page.
- Rachel Berry on Glee has two gay dads, and it is unknown which of the two is her actual father as they mixed their sperm together and used a turkey baster to impregnate her surrogate mother.
- Olivia and Natalia on Guiding Light. Started out as a platonic version of this, but has lately become something more.
- Mohinder and Matt raising Molly. It was... weird, and the shippers loved it.
- Claire's biological mom moved in with her and her adoptive family. At the start of Volume Four, Claire had restored contact with the Petrelli family, resulting in Nathan Petrelli becoming her second father. Both here and in Volume Three, Claire had the unenviable distinction of having three parents involved in her life.
- Only temporary, but Hiro and Ando looked after Baby Matt Parkman.
- In the sixth season premiere of How I Met Your Mother, Cindy (a girl Ted struck out with on their first date) is dating another woman. In a flash-forward the couple are seen posing for a photo with their daughter.
"So no, that girl wasn't your mother. She ended up being someone else's mother. They both did."
- Kate and Allie had two divorced women living together with the combined three children from their respective marriages.
- Less Than Perfect's Owen Pronsky was raised by his two lesbian moms.
- LOST has a heterosexual example, after the end Aaron has two mommies as he ends up with both Kate and Claire raising him.
- Malcolm in the Middle briefly references a 'cousin Nancy' who has two fathers.
Reese: Two dads as your parents? That house has to be a dude's paradise!
- Eric, one of Francis's friends at Military School, has two dads, who are all fine with it. Hal is a bit weirded out.
- Modern Family has gay couple Cam and Mitchell adopting Baby Lily in the first episode.
- My Two Dads, a sitcom about two guys going after the same woman, who found themselves taking care of her daughter after she dies.
- Coop in Nurse Jackie has two mommies in the overtly lesbian sense.
- There was a lot of controversy about a segment on the Australian kids show Play School that featured a girl that had "Two mummies". The little girl, Brenna Harding, then a teenager, went on to star in Puberty Blues, and thanked her mums in her speech for the Logie award she won.
- As was Chuck from Pushing Daisies, although one of them actually is her mother.
- Romey and Lisa in the original Queer as Folk, and Lindsay and Melanie in the US version. The US version also had Ben and Michael adopting Hunter, an HIV-positive teen hustler.
- Sabrina the Teenage Witch was practically raised by her two motherly aunts (they're sisters). Zelda introduces herself and Hilda as "Sabrina's aunts" at a parent-teacher meeting, then very quickly points out that they're "Sisters! Not an alternative couple!" Since they've been around for centuries, it's safe to assume they've been Mistaken for Gay at some point or another. Both have brought boyfriends home, including their fight over Mr. Craft.
- The Sarah Jane Adventures: Luke has Sarah Jane and Mrs. Wormwood.
- Franky Fitzgerald in the Third Generation of Skins kids has two ex-army dads, who already appear to be the only parents in the entire series who take an interest in their kids.
- Cassandra Fraiser of Stargate SG-1, being rescued from a devastated homeworld and then co-parented by Sam Carter and Janet Fraiser, who wind up becoming best friends as a result.
- In Sugar Rush Kim's next door neighbour Tom has two dads and is constantly concerned that people will think he is also gay.
- The Tracey Ullman Show had a recurring skit with a teenage girl and gay dads.
- Two and a Half Men: Jake lives with his mother during the week, and with his father and paternal uncle on the weekends.
- As of Season 12, Walden and Alan get married and adopt an adorable boy named Louis.
- Henry from Once Upon a Time has Emma, his biological mother, and Regina, his adopted mother.
- Too Cute has the episode "Kitten Cottonballs", where Tonkinese cat Queenie and her elder daughter Princess have their current litters only one day apart and raise them together.
- The Fosters is about a lesbian couple with one biological and two adopted children that take in two additional foster children.
- Under the Dome has an interracial lesbian couple and their teenage daughter stuck in Chester's Mill after the dome comes down. It seems as if it's a fairly progressive town, as they've only been harassed over their sexuality once, and the racial aspect has yet to come up. One mommy dies in episode 7.
- Hannibal has a rather twisted example between Hannibal Lecter and FBI special investigator Will Graham with a serial killer's daughter that the two take care of after her father tried to murder her. Will genuinely wants to protect her from the backlash of the public, the suspicions of his superiors of her part in the murders, and then partly due to guilt he feels for killing her father. Hannibal's intentions are... less noble. Mainly, making sure Abigail doesn't tell Will he was the one who called her house that day, as that would out him as the copycat killer. Exploited by Hannibal after Will finds out that Abigail killed Nicholas Boyle and Hannibal helped hide the body, which was already part of another set up. He refers to the two of them as "her fathers" which has given them the Fan Nickname "Murder Family".
- Bob and David have a daughter together in the Mr. Show episode "Operation: Hell on Earth." They're never stated to be in a romantic relationship, but she is their daughter. She grows up to resent them, but probably not because they're both men but because they're Stage Dads who order her to tap dance, even as an adult.
- Psych: Lassiter's mom has a female partner. Lassie apparently struggled with this initially, but it looks like he's come to terms with it since they both walked him down the aisle at his wedding in season 7.
- Raising Hope has Barney and his two mothers.
"Mom? Put mom on."
- Sophia in Grey's Anatomy: Callie accidentally got pregnant after having a one-night stand with best friend Mark after one of her break ups with Arizona. After making up with Arizona, who later became her wife, the three of them decided to raise the baby together. This continued until season 9 when Mark was killed off after the plane crash.
- Played straight in Good Luck Charlie when Amy tells Bob that Charlie's newest playmate has two mommies (We later learn the girl is adopted). Bob is confused; which parent is he supposed to invite to the basement to watch sports?
- In the first episode of the sixth season of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, a doctor implanted an embryo of a mother into another mother, resulting that the daughter has biological mother and a mother who gave birth to her and raised the child. The Stinger reveals that the biological mother has three other children who were born by other mothers.
- The Taiwanese Series Two Fathers: Two single men raise a child together after her mother abandons her after giving birth. The mother didn't know which one was the real father, so she provided the hospital with both of their contact information.
- Annie on Marry Me was raised by a gay couple, Kevin One and Kevin Two. The egg was donated by "a lesbian they're no longer talking to."
- Red Band Society has Kara, whose mother ended up marrying her nanny.
Dads fall for the nanny all the time — why not moms?
- In the Australian play Pinball, a lesbian mother and her lover are battling for custody of her child. The mother's own family side against her and support the father in court.
- In The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Logainne has two daddies.
- In the George Bernard Shaw play Misalliance, The Ace attributes his vast knowledge to the fact that he had three fathers — his biological father, his father's "pet philosopher" who lived in their house, and a priest with whom his mother was having an affair.
- Marie, in the comic opera La Fille du Régiment was raised by an entire brigade of career soldiers, who found her abandoned on the battlefield. Hilarity Ensues when her long lost mother discovers her hundreds of dads.
- Brian Friel's Dancing at Lughnasa practically revolves around Michael's family structure; his mother and four aunts raise him between them, his uncle hangs around and is generally odd and his father turns up, messes everything up and leaves.
- In Abe & Kroenen, Abe suggests that they might one day adopt and raise a child. Kroenen points out the many ways in which this would be a very bad idea.
"It would be like My Two Dads
but instead of 'Dads' it is 'horrible monsters'. And instead of 'Two' it is horrible
- Winter from Girly has two biological female parents as described but not explained here.
- Terinu is... complicated. It's quite possible to argue that he has four "moms". His biological mother (implied as dead in a flashback), Melika, the vulpine woman who raised him from ages three to nine and whom he has the closest relationship with, Mavra Chan the Ax-Crazy Space Pirate who raised him to her personal assassin from nine to fifteen, and finally Leeza, who not only has actual legal guardianship of him, she's also his Master, since he's mentally imprinted to obey her every order. Currently only Leeza and Melika are likely to work together to raise him however.
- Berlinetta of Other People's Business has two daddies.
- Pluto from Star Guys has two mothers. Apprently making Pluto was "a long and expensive process".
- Touhou Nekokayou has Marisa and Alice's two daughters, Shanghai Margatroid and Carroll Kirisame (complete with Heather Has Two Mommies reference). The former was "born" after Alice and Marisa finally figured out how to create an independent doll and applied it to Alice's Shanghai doll. That "birth" takes place in CSA's ending. The latter, meanwhile, was the result of magical Homosexual Reproduction, the exact details of which remain a secret.
- Kalki, Snadhya'rune's daughter. Her father is Mel'arnach, the protagonist Ariel's biological mother, meaning that she literally has two mommies thanks to Jaal'darya science.
- Several examples in Drow society since Everyone Is Bi. It's implied that Ariel's sister Lael'aelle was raised by her mother Quain'tana and the Ill'haress of the Sullisin'rune, Ash'waren.
- The son of Kronar, son of man, in Oglaf. Kronar's entire tribe has reportedly been "free of woman's taint" for generations. It's probably best not to think too hard about how.
- While they did not consult each other on their pregnancies, the two leads from Moon Over June gave birth on the same day and are effectively raising their daughters together. There is room to dispute whether this is a good thing
- The adopted children of Vaarsuvius and Inkyrius from The Order of the Stick have two parents whose genders are both officially listed as "ambiguous". Does that count?
- Leanne from the Furry Comic Rasvaar has two mothers: one her biological mother, and the other her 'mad' (a portmanteau of mum and dad).
- Secondary character Yvette in Precocious. As explained by Chrispy Eva is her biological mother and Candy's brother was the sperm donor.
- As revealed in the final arc of And Shine Heaven Now, the boy that will grow up to be Vampire Hunter D, genetically, is the son of Integra Hellsing and Seras Victoria. Note, however, D doesn't know this, and believes Alucard is his father. Oh, and by the way, only Integra and Seras know how this happened and neither are telling.
- Referenced in Questionable Content. Marten's divorced dad remarries, this time to a man, to which Marten's response is "Fuck yeah, two dads!" When he and his stepfather were debating how they should refer to each other, Marten decided to call Maurice, "Dad Two: Dad Harder."
- Shortpacked! - Leslie and Robin - thanks to some Comic Book Science admittedly "inspired" by Justice League and Batman Beyond - are the biological parents of triplet girls.
- Split Screen: Jan and her sister were raised by her mother and her "other mother", Nancy.
- Latchkey Kingdom : Two women each claim the other stole their baby, and demand the king resolve the situation. The new king decides to marry them...to each other.
- Melissa from Magick Chicks. One of them uses a magic artifact to make everyone think she's male. They're her biological parents due to a fusion accident.
- Agents Trojanhorse and Paddlebrains of the Protectors of the Plot Continuum are both women (technically — Pads is a redhaired chainsmoking female copy of Sirius Black — don't ask). They have three adopted children; two sons from mpreg fanfics, and a daughter who is a Triceratops. It Makes Sense in Context. Many of the other adopted kids in the PPC would also fit.
- The mothersday PSA from Red vs. Blue: "You only have one mother. Unless you are from a progressive home like Donut." How serious this can be taken is debatable due to the out-of-canon nature of the PSAs.
- In Code MENT, Kallen takes this trope to its logical extreme. She thinks that "dad" is a made up word, and when asked where she thinks babies come from, she starts with "When a woman and another woman..."
- Suzaku seems to think he's got this as well, as at one point, he mentions that both his moms are dead. However, it's been established by other characters that this is not the case.
- The concept of homosexual couples raising children is nothing new. Usually the child will either be adopted, or related to one of the parents through various means of artificial reproduction and/or surrogacy.
- Additionally, a parent who produces children the usual way may later separate from their partner and form a same-sex relationship afterwards. If the child is still dependent at this time and custody is granted primarily to the first parent, it is likely that the child will have two same-sex parents from this new relationship. In some countries the non-biological parent may also be permitted to co-adopt the child, giving both parents equal custody rights and legally designating both partners as the child's parents and legal guardians.
- Sometimes, they'll have it so that either the children will be biologically related to both parents. This is easy enough if one partner is cisgender and the other is Transsexual, but if both are cis or trans, then they have to get creative with this.
- Several examples of penguins.
- Taken to an extreme with seagulls; some populations only have lesbian couples, most of the female birds only mating once or twice in their entire lifetime with males in order to lay fertile eggs.
- Lionesses in a pride all raise cubs as an egalitarian community; every lioness treats each cub as a mother would.
- The famous female Crow Chief, Woman Chief (born Pine Leaf of the Gros Ventre and abducted by a Crow raiding party as a child), got children with one of her four wives through surrogate fatherhood. According to their culture, the first one who sleeps with a woman who gets pregnant is officially the father. Using this, Woman Chief went through the preliminary motions and got a male volunteer to take over for the rest.
- Louise Jarvis, the subject of the BBC documentary My Mums Used To Be Men, has two male-to-female transsexual mothers.
- Gangsta Rapper 50 Cent had a lesbian mother who had a relationship with another woman.
- LGBT rights activist Zach Wahls, whose testimony to the Iowa State Legislature on same-sex marriage regarding his two mothers resulted in a very popular viral video.
- Villages and small communities with children probably fit in this category. Instead of it just being the parents job of providing and caring for a child, it is also the job of the rest of the village to help care for them.
- Older Than Radio: Owing to complicated political maneuvering, the young Guangxu Emperor had "mother" Ci'an and "father" Cixi. Both women had been wives of a previous emperor and were combining their Dowager Empress powers to rule together.
- Several openly gay celebrities are famous for having children, either through adoption or surrogacy.
- Neil Patrick Harris and his husband David Burtka became the proud fathers of twins Harper Grace and Gideon Scott Burtka-Harris via a surrogate mother.
- Rufus Wainwright and his partner had a girl, with Leonard Cohen's daughter Lorca serving as the surrogatenote .
- Except maybe for Melissa Etheridge and her former partner Julie Cypher, with a donation from David Crosby.
- Elton John has had a son with his husband via surrogate. This caused some controversy when a supermarket used the "family shield" to "protect young shoppers" from seeing Elton, his husband and their baby on a magazine cover. The supermarket eventually removed the shield after receiving complaints. They had a second son later.
- Matt Bomer and his husband Simon Halls have three sons: Walker, Kit, and Henry. D'awwwww!◊
- Three-person IVF treatment: The baby has another mother, the woman who is the source of his mitochondria. Useful for women who have serious risk of having a baby with defective mitochondria. (There's probably an Aquarion joke in the making here.)