[[caption-width-right:350:"Can't... breathe..."]]

->'''Riley:''' What is that smell?\\
'''Huey:''' Clean air. My guess is we'll get used to it eventually.\\
'''Riley:''' I hope so, this place stinks.
-->-- ''ComicStrip/TheBoondocks''

A character is placed in a situation completely unfamiliar to them. Humor and/or tension is created as the character adapts -- [[FeeFiFauxPas or doesn't]].

Naturally, Fish Out of Water have a danger of becoming awkward the longer a show runs. Or conversely, if they become used to their new surroundings, the risk is that [[CharacterizationMarchesOn their original characterization will be less applicable]] (same if they return to their old familiar surroundings).

Specific variants:
* AlienAmongUs
* BlitheSpirit
* ChangelingFantasy
* CityMouse
* CountryMouse
* EscapedFromTheLab
* FishOutOfTemporalWater
* ForeignExchangeStudent
* FreakyFridayFlip
* GenreRefugee
* LotsOfLuggage
* MageInManhattan
* NewTransferStudent
* PennyAmongDiamonds
* RaisedByDudes
* RaisedByWolves
* RagsToRiches
* RichesToRags
* RichInDollarsPoorInSense
* ScholarshipStudent
* SleptThroughTheApocalypse
* StrangerInAFamiliarLand
* StrangerInAStrangeSchool
* StrangeCopInAStrangeLand
* TrappedInAnotherWorld
* YourMagicsNoGoodHere

If the character quickly adapts to the new conditions and finds it better than back home, it's LikeADuckTakesToWater. If however, they decide to change things to how they used to be back home they are a BlitheSpirit.

Contrast OutsideContextProblem.

!! There are many examples of fictional works using this as their main premise:


[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* One of the main characters in ''Manga/{{Planetes}}'' is Ai Tanabe, a Japanese girl who achieves her childhood dream of working in space. Working in a zero-gravity environment is new to her, and many of the earlier episodes are focused on her learning to adapt to life on board the station. The culture of an international space craft is just as foreign to her as the weightlessness of space.
* ''LightNovel/FullMetalPanic'''s Sousuke Sagara, despite being ethnically Japanese, was raised in war-torn Afghanistan. His mission places him (and his two American squadmates) in Tokyo, where Sousuke is forced to adapt to life as a normal high school student. The spin-off series ''Anime/FullMetalPanicFumoffu'' focuses on the comedy of Sousuke's attempt to adapt to the cultural differences of life in Japan.
** For the early part of the story, Kaname (Sousuke's love interest) writes him off as an insane military and mecha {{Otaku}}. Then their entire class gets abducted by terrorists; at the point where Sousuke finds and commandeers a mecha, Kaname finally realizes he was telling the truth the whole time and gets an InternalMonologue telling herself "You're in his world now."
** There's actually a NotSoDifferent aspect to this, since Kaname herself spent a good portion of her youth in New York and as a result has a much more "American" personality (assertive, emotionally open, and short-tempered), meaning in some ways she's just as alien to Japanese society as Sousuke. She actually has the InSeriesNickname "The School Idol Nobody Wants to Date" because while she's very attractive, intelligent, and athletic, her personality tends to drive guys away.
* In ''Manga/{{Bizenghast}}'', Edrear and Edaniel go to by a present for Dinah. Since Edrear has only ever left the Mausoleum for work, he knows nothing about human society. Because of this, Edaniel managed to get him in a skirt as part of his human disguise. Edrear also asked for directions to a store that was directly behind him(although this may be more to do with the fact that he is illiterate) and apparently put a quarter in a mailbox to see if a gum ball came out.
* ''Manga/ShinryakuIkaMusume'' features a literal [[strike: fish]] squid out of water as the title character.
* ''Manga/IkokuMeiroNoCroisee'', which is about young Japanese girl who tries to adjust to her new life as a housekeeper in late 19th-century France.
* ''Manga/KamisamaKiss'' is about a OrdinaryHighSchoolStudent stumbling into the world of Shinto gods, demons and magic.
* In ''Anime/GargantiaOnTheVerdurousPlanet'', a young soldier of a human galactic civilization gets stranded on a planet where the environment and culture are completely different from what he's used to.
* In ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'', most of the [[NationsAsPeople characters]] experience this to some degree when traveling to other countries. It's most noticeable with Japan when he spends time with Italy and Germany after they form an alliance.
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'': The Deicide arc reveals Chizuru has the ability to sense spirits, hollows and Soul Reapers when she regains consciousness while Karakura Town is trapped in Soul Society. Because no-one knew, she's had absolutely no information given her about the supernatural world and, since the gang are currently fleeing ''Aizen'', she's been tossed into the deep end in the worst possible way. She has absolutely no idea what is going on and demands to be brought up to speed as soon as possible. She's well aware she may not understand everything she's told, but feels she should be told it anyway. No-one disagrees. Like the other spiritually aware school children, she's strong enough to survive Aizen's presence without dying.
* In ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex'', mages exist secretly throughout the world, having their own culture and way of doing things. Most obviously, it's only relatively recently that technology has caught up (and surpassed, in areas) magic, so even young mages have absolutely no idea how to use even the most user-friendly machines. Why would they use a cell phone instead of a telepathy spell? Why would they use a computer instead of an enchanted book? So on and so forth. Since most of the series takes place in the most technologically advanced city in the world, they're even more out of their depth than normal.
* In ''Anime/MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit,'' the young [[ShelteredAristocrat Prince Chagum]] has to flee the palace under the protection of ActionGirl Balsa. Going from a life of luxury to being on the run is a bit of a harsh transition for him, though he adapts well later on.
* In ''Anime/PlasticMemories'', Tsukasa is completely clueless to his new job of retrieving Giftia, or androids, near the end of their service life. Almost everyone there is a bit skeptical at being given a new employee.
* ''Manga/DragonBall''
** In the early parts of the series Goku has been raise in near isolation in the middle of the mountains and knows nothing of the outside world. Him growing up partly revolves around him getting to know the world and all the mishaps that follows because of his ignorance.
** To lesser extent, Gohan's misadventures in high school. Gohan lived a very shelter life (fighting super-powered aliens and androids notwithstanding) where the only people he is close to are aliens, powerful humans, and a genius. Gohan learning how normal people act and behave is a major theme while he's in school.
* Tohru from ''Manga/MissKobayashisDragonMaid'' is a dragon from another world working as a maid in modern Japan. This leads to a great deal of the comedy in the series. Especially when she tries to pass on her "knowledge" to Kanna. Elma ends up suffering the same problem when she gets stranded on Earth (though she's arguably even worse since she's gets a job working at Kobayashi's company despite having never even heard of a computer). All of them get better over time.
* In episode 6 of ''Manga/MagicOfStella'', Tamaki's first experience of a {{doujin|shi}} game convention is basically being far out of [[CountryMouse her element]], having no idea about some convention conventions means. When an member of the public hands her the former's sketch pad, for example, she didn't know that other person wants her to scribble for her.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/DoubleHappiness''. Being Chinese-American, Tom didn't fit in back in Boston. Then he moves in with relatives in San Francisco's Chinatown, and he doesn't fit in with ''them'' either.
* In the [[{{FrancoBelgianComics}} Franco-Belgian Comic]] {{ComicBooks/Philemon}}, the titular character is frequently thrown into "Le Monde des Lettres", a magical land running on Alice in Wonderland logic. Many of the stories revolve around Philemon bumbling around lost, not knowing the strange rules of the world and getting caught up in the consequences.
* ''ComicBook/PrincessUgg'' has Princess Ulga, of a tribe of barbarians from the mountains, go to an Academy for PrincessClassic princesses at the behest of her late mother. She has a lot of trouble fitting in there, given her vastly different upbringing.
* One of the defining traits of modern Comicbook/{{Supergirl}}. Unlike her more famous [[Franchise/{{Superman}} cousin]], who left Krypton when he was too young to remember it, Kara spent her formative years growing up in Kryptonian society before she was sent to Earth as a teenager. Understandably, she has a harder time adjusting to life on Earth than Kal-El ever did, as she still considers herself a Kryptonian at heart. In ''Comicbook/TheSupergirlFromKrypton'', Clark shows Kara around Metropolis. As she tries to figure hot dogs out, Clark mentions that adapting a new culture can be difficult.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* The original premise of the long-running newspaper comic strip ''ComicStrip/{{Blondie}}'' was that Dagwood was a trust fund baby disowned by his family (for marrying Blondie) and forced to live a {{salaryman}}'s life. While the premise never explicitly changed, it has eroded significantly over the years and is lost on most modern readers.
* This is the basic premise of ''ComicStrip/TheBoondocks'' comic strip, as it revolves around two black kids from Chicago being forced to move to an affluent, predominately-white suburb.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* The four in ''Fanfic/WithStringsAttached'' spend the entire book being outsiders in a number of different places. This creates problems most of the time but ends up working to their advantage at the end, because the skahs never do understand them and hence drastically underestimate them. Conversely, the four end up understanding the skahs well enough to use crowds of them for their own purposes.
** The Hunter also talks about how he first arrived on his planet and how he barely survived that first year. Twenty years later, [[LikeADuckTakesToWater he's quite well adapted]].
* Luso in FanFic/TheTaintedGrimoire. He has however been shown slowly adjusting as he learns about the world he is in.
* In ''{{FanFic/Ragnarok}}'' when L sends Mello and Matt to spy on Light. Since they are in the middle of Tokyo, [[RealityEnsues Light notices the blonde kid spying on him almost immediately.]]
* In ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/772267 Tom VS Muggle Technology]]'', Lord Voldemort is "attacked" by a microwave and baffled by a cellphone.
* In ''Fanfic/FantasyOfUtterRidiculousness'', this happens to Patchouli Knowledge [[spoiler: in the story's Alternate Ending.]] Commentary from the author on the story's page at Mediaminer revealed that if she spent too much time in Jersey City, her lifestyle would slowly degenerate until it more closely resembled that of her Webcomic/LifeOfMaid persona.
* Having once been a human, ''FanFic/LegendaryGenesis'''s Eileen has a very hard time adjusting to being a Scyther. Between being unable to swim, not knowing how to fly, chewing her food improperly, and struggling to sit down, she easily becomes frustrated with her new shape. Not only this, but she has a hard time understanding how the Pokémon world works. Her fear of speaking up and asking questions only makes things more difficult for her.
* This trope is the main premise of ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/1082766?view_full_work=true Swappedstuck]]''; the [[{{Webcomic/Homestuck}} troll]] Vriska finds herself in the body of a human, and tries to live like one. It doesn't work well.
-->The horror only increases. It seems to be compounding itself infinitely all the time you spend exploring this terrifying place.
-->What kind of sick person keeps an open fire in their hive, ready and waiting to ''burn people to death????????''
* This is one of the main components of "FanFic/TheyreNotPussywillowPixies'', as the Smurfs are stuck in Neverland and are unused to the Fairies as well as the land itself.
* Catelyn Stark in ''FanFic/TheManySonsOfWinter'', since the North's culture is much stronger and she never manages to get any of her children to become more southern-like. Extra points since her original family's sigil - House Tully - is a trout.
* ''Fanfic/CodeGeassColorlessMemories'': This is the main character Rai's main characterization in the fic, he ended up losing his memories at some point and found himself where he was surrounded by strangers and no one who had any clue as to who he was.
* ''FanFic/TitaniaFalls''
** Oddly subverted with [[Manga/FairyTail Fairy Tail]]. Despite some minor CultureClash, they acclimate to life on Earth relatively well. So well in fact, that many of them stay there permanently [[spoiler:after Earth and Earthland are bridged together]]. Most of this was likely intervention on Erza's end, who had been living on Earth for fifteen years by the time they arrived and had long since made a life for herself.
** Played straight with [[WesternAnimation/GravityFalls Ford]]. He has it even worse than in canon, since not only does have to acclimate to the modern world, he has to deal with Fairy Tail, who, on top of having magic he is completely unfamiliar with, has history that often leaves him LockedOutOfTheLoop.
* Part of the premise of ''FanFic/ChildOfTheStorm'' is that Harry Potter, in addition to being a wizard, is also the son of Thor (who was incarnated as James Potter as a first try of that whole "teach him humility" thing). This catapults him from Hogwarts-which, admittedly, is weird enough-into dealing with Asgardians, [[Literature/DresdenFiles a whole different magical community]], superheroes, and international and interplanetary politics, not to mention all of the assorted monsters.
** Another example within the story is [[ComicBook/CaptainAmerica Steve Rogers,]] who's a FishOutOfTemporalWater and mentor of Harry's.
* This is how [[VisualNovel/{{Danganronpa}} Makoto]] feels being part of a tournament in the finals with the likes of [[Anime/YuGiOh Yugi, Kaiba]], several students from Hope's Peak Academy, and pro-duelists like Mai and Byakuya in ''Fanfic/DuelingTriggerFinger''

[[folder:Film -- Animation]]
* ''Film/{{Enchanted}}'': A cartoon princess has some difficulty adjusting when she is sent to modern-day, live-action New York.
* Happens [[LiteralMetaphor literally]] in ''Disney/ChickenLittle'', with Fish-Out-Of-Water being one of the main characters. He has a sealed fish bowl full of water, just around his head. He doesn't even speak English, apparently, since everything he says is a series of bubbling noises.
* MK in ''WesternAnimation/{{Epic}}'', naturally Leafmen customs are all very strange to her.
* ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'' played the trope pretty literally; Ariel was so miseducated about the human world that she did wacky things like combing her hair with a dinner fork, or mistaking a pipe for a musical instrument.

[[folder:Film -- Live Action]]
* ''Film/BarelyLethal'' revolves around girl raised since infancy to be a badass assassin who decides to go to high school. Despite all her research, she is really out of her depth when she gets there.
* ''Film/TheBlindSide'': Michael, when he first arrives at his new private religious school, and when the Tuohys first invite him into their home.
* ''Film/TheBeverlyHillbillies'' and ''Film/GreenAcres'' featured premises which were the exact inverse of one another. The former was about country folks living in the city while the latter was about city folks living in the country.
* ''Film/BeingThere''. Chance - who lived his whole life inside a townhouse and only knew of the outside world through television - adapts so quickly, and appears to be someone who knows what he's doing, that in the novella ''no one'' realizes he was this in the first place.
* Death among the mortals in ''Film/DeathTakesAHoliday''.
* ''Film/InTheLoop'': All of the British characters in the US, but especially the hapless Simon Foster.
* ''Film/TheManWhoFellToEarth'' deals with this a lot.
* The plot of ''[[Film/ManonDesSources Jean de Florette]]'' centers around a former tax collector from the city inheriting his mother's property in the country, and his attempt to spend the rest of his days living there with his wife and daughter as a farmer. He believes that by investing in large projects based on his studies of farming-related statistics, he can become successful in only a few years. [[spoiler: He does not succeed]].
* The whole premise of ''Film/RugglesOfRedGap'' involves Ruggles, a stuffy English valet who is StiffUpperLip and TheJeeves rolled into one, coming into the employ of an American businessman and getting dragged to the one-horse mining town of Red Gap, WA. HilarityEnsues.
* Madison from ''Film/{{Splash}}'' might be a literal case since she's a mermaid.
* In ''Film/BeverlyHillsCop''; Axel Foley, a streetwise Detroit police detective, must solve a murder case in swanky Beverly Hills.
* Played with ''Film/{{Hanna}}'' in the Moccan hotel, cause she never been in a place with electricity and tv before.
* The key premise of ''[[Film/TheBeastmaster Beastmaster 2: Through the Portal of Time]]'': ValleyGirl meets BarbarianHero in a fantasy world, and BarbarianHero teaming up with ValleyGirl in the real world.
* [[PlayedForDrama Less funny example]] in ''Film/TheShawshankRedemption''. Prisoners who spend too long in prison become "institutionalised" and have no idea how to live in the outside world:
-->'''Brooks''': "I can't believe how fast things move on the outside. I saw an automobile once when I was a kid, but, now they're everywhere. The world went and got itself in a big damn hurry. A parole board got me into this halfway house called the Brur, and a job: baggin groceries at the Foodway. It's hard work and I try to keep up, but my hands hurt most of the time. [...] I have trouble sleeping at night. I have bad dreams like I'm fallin'. I wake up, scared, sometimes it takes me a while to remember where I am. Maybe I should get me a gun and rob the Foodway so they'd send me home. I could shoot the manager while I was at it, sorta like a bonus. I guess I'm too old for that sorta nonsense anymore. I don't like it here. I'm tired of bein' afraid all the time. I've decided... [[DrivenToSuicide not to stay]]. [[TearJerker I doubt they'll kick up any fuss, not for an old... crook like me...]]"
* ''Film/CrocodileDundee'' is a comedy about a very stereotypical AwesomeAussie trying to adapt to life in New York.
* ''Film/DudeBroPartyMassacre3'' is about loner Brent Chirino who has to infiltrate a fraternity in order to learn the truth about his twin brother's murder.
* ''Film/QueenOfKatwe'': The kids from the desperately poor slum of Katwe have a little difficulty when they go to an elite private school to play in a chess tournament. One kid gets so scared that he has a panic attack. Another one of Robert's students gets irritated when he tells her that she should use a fork rather than just ripping the chicken up and eating with her hands.
* ''Film/{{Flodder}}''; The whole premise of the movie and its sequels is how out of place a delinquent family like the Flodders are by living in a well-off neighborhood populated by yuppies as part of the government's social project.
* ''Film/WonderWoman2017'' has a double-whammy: American spy Steve Trevor is comically out of place when he crash lands on the primitive and magical home of the Amazons, and Amazon princess Diana finds herself in the same situation when she accompanies Steve back into his world.

* [[AlienAmongUs Ax]] from ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'', frequently played up for comedic value.
* ''Literature/GulliversTravels'' has Gulliver a fish out of several kinds of water.
* ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'':
** Cordelia Vorkosigan, ''nee'' Naismith never wholly fits the niche of Barrayaran Vor-class Womanhood, and rarely bothers to try beyond letting herself be dressed "properly". Indeed an exasperated [[ParentheticalSwearing "Barrayarans!"]] remains her favorite explitive for over thirty years.
** ''Literature/EthanOfAthos'': Ethan Urquhart of Athos, a literal NoWomansLand, gets sent on a mission to find ovaries. He has never even seen what they are normally attached to.
* The ''Literature/{{Shadowleague}}'' books give us Zavahl and, to a lesser extent, Toulac in [[MarySueTopia Gendival]]--the hundreds of different sentient creatures throw them off.
* In ''Literature/TheHobbit'', main character Bilbo Baggins is dragged from his comfortable lifestyle into a quest to kill a dragon, going from unwilling [[TheLoad millstone]] to de facto leader over the course of the story.
* The very first ''Literature/JeevesAndWooster'' story, "Extricating Young Gussie", throws British UpperClassTwit Bertie Wooster into New York, where pretty much everything weirds him out (the early hour that commuters get up for work, the fact that there are male bartenders, and vaudeville). [[SubvertedTrope Subverted]] in later stories; while he ends up staying in New York for some time, he grows used to it almost instantly and makes as many friends as he had in England.
* In Creator/GeneStrattonPorter's ''Literature/{{Freckles}}'', Freckles's arrival in the Limberlost swamp gives him weeks of terror. FaceYourFears works, however, and by the time he gets his first pay and kills his first rattler, he's adapted to it.
-->''Each hour was torture to the boy. The restricted life of a great city orphanage was the other extreme of the world compared with the Limberlost. He was afraid for his life every minute. The heat was intense. The heavy wading-boots rubbed his feet until they bled. He was sore and stiff from his long tramp and outdoor exposure. The seven miles of trail was agony at every step. He practiced at night, under the direction of Duncan, until he grew sure in the use of his revolver. He cut a stout hickory cudgel, with a knot on the end as big as his fist; this never left his hand. What he thought in those first days he himself could not recall clearly afterward. ''
* Leo Colston, in ''Literature/TheGoBetween'', comes from a modest background and is completely lost among the guests at a grand country house. That and his naivety makes it all the easier for him to be manipulated by others.
* In Creator/PoulAnderson's Literature/TimePatrol story "Delenda Est", Deirdre is this after their rescue. They tell her YouCantGoHomeAgain but [[DirtyBusiness lie about why]]: they are obliterating her AlternateHistory. [[spoiler:At the end, one rescuer has her brought to his era on Venus, as the most like her own; Everard doesn't argue the point.]]
* ''Literature/{{Chimera}}'': Michael, who's had little exposure to the world outside of field trips and the occasional movie.
* ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheLion'' trilogy: Both Hadassah and Atretes in [[AncientRome Rome]]; Hadassah is a [[TheIngenue small-town Jewish girl]] completely unaccustomed to the violence and decadence; Atretes is a [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy comparatively primitive tribesman]] who flounders in all the political and social machinations (and originally doesn’t even speak the language). To a lesser degree, Julia earlier on is a WideEyedIdealist out of her depth dealing with [[TheCorrupter Calabah]] and Gaius and their friends, who are very canny and manipulative.
* {{Deconstructed}} in ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' with Nutt. Until he got to Ankh-Morpork, he knew about the world outside his Ladyship's castle only from reading.
* Played in ''Literature/WinnieThePooh'' with Tigger.
* ''Literature/PaddingtonBear'' spent most of his life in Peru before he came to England, and he's a bit unaccustomed to modern British life, shall we say,
* Clary Fray and Simon Lewis from ''Literature/TheMortalInstruments'' are not hardened Shadowhunters or Downworlders like the rest of the cast, at least at first. Clary jumps right on the mundie racism bandwagon rather disturbingly fast, though and [[spoiler:Simon's does get turned into the latter]].
* In ''Whit'' by Creator/IainBanks, the main character, Isis, grew up in a mildly puritanical {{Cult}} that rejects all modern technology and considers her the ChosenOne. While she understands on an intellectual level that the rest of the world isn't like that, she's not prepared for how uninterested the outside world is in even trying to understand her beliefs.
* ''Literature/TheSecretGarden'': Mary, who travels from British-occupied India to England.
* The heroine of ''Literature/{{Restoree}}'' is kidnapped by one set of aliens, rescued by another and mistaken for one of their own processed as a refugee ending up as the very confused 'nurse' to an unidentified patient in a sinister 'clinic'. Things only get crazier.
* ''Literature/SchooledInMagic'': Emily is completely out of place in the medieval-like Nameless World, and frequently finds it difficult to adjust.
* ''Literature/ASymphonyOfEternity'' has Metternich, who didn't go to military school, was forced to join the navy and is repulsed and disgusted by the military life, in spite of this or maybe because of that he currently is one of the most feared and effective sailors the Empire has.
* ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'' involves our hero, Arthur Dent, being whisked away from his cozy existence and forced to deal with an insane and slightly larger galaxy than he'd previously known with the help of Ford Prefect.
* Varjak from ''Literature/VarjakPaw'' has never left his home so when he is forced to leave it he ends up clueless about the outside world. He originally mistook cars for dogs and thought they were living beings.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'':
** The honest and honorable Ned Stark at the DeadlyDecadentCourt in King's Landing -- and he knows it too.
** Daenerys and Viserys Targaryen, the highborn fugitives among the Dothraki, a race of nomadic horse-mounted warriors in Essos. Daenerys takes to it much better than her brother.
** Jon [[HeroicBastard Snow]], the highborn illegitimate son of a lord (Eddard Stark), among the lowborn, undertrained recruits in his training squad at the Night's Watch. Jon was raised with a highborn upbringing by his noble father with strong moral values and was trained by a master-at-arms alongside his brother Robb from the time they could hold swords. He joins the Night's Watch for the sake of honor and duty, as it is seen as a noble order in the North which the Starks (Jon's family) have joined for generations. Meanwhile, the other recruits grew up under impoverished circumstances and never held a sword in their lives. Jon helps these other kids out once he realizes how rough they had it, teaches them how to fight, and they become [[TrueCompanions friends]]. Jon is nicknamed “Lord Snow” by Alliser Thorne for being a highborn illegitimate son with a young lord’s upbringing.
** When Davos saves Gendry, the illegitimate son of King Robert Baratheon, from Stannis and Melisandre, he puts Gendry in a rowboat -- telling Gendry to just row. Poor Gendry doesn't even know which way to sit or how to swim if he falls out.
* ''Series/LincolnHeights'': The Sutton kids are very much so out of their element upon moving to the overwhelmingly black Lincoln heights after having spent their entire lives in a mostly white suburb. It takes them an entire season but they learn to love it.
* ''Series/NorthernExposure'' is about a Jewish doctor from New York City starting a practice in a rural Alaskan town.
* ''Men in Trees'', which, admittedly, is just a lame attempt to bring back the charm of ''Northern Exposure'' by crossing it with ''SexAndTheCity''.
* ''Series/{{Firefly}}''. Simon Tam is a rich young doctor from the wealthy Core Planets who is forced to go on the run with the crew of ''Serenity'' because he broke his sister out of a government institution. He's not familiar with handling himself on the poorer, rougher Outer Planets, and has trouble adjusting to the rag-tag, on-the-run lifestyle he's been thrust into. As a result, he seems very out of his depth and stands out like a sore thumb. Only when he's put into situations he's trained to deal with does he reveal just how confident, intelligent and talented he really is. Even the rougher members of the crew such as Jayne take more of a liking to him when they realize that given how often they need to have bullets pulled out of them in their dangerous line of work, it's preferable to have a class-A surgeon on hand instead of the back-alley "doctors" they would otherwise have to turn to.
* ''Series/DueSouth'': a backwoods Canadian mountie in the American city of Chicago.
* ''Series/ItsAboutTime'', a '60s sitcom where astronauts travel to prehistoric times. In the final season, the astronauts return to the present with a caveman family.
* ''55 Degrees North'' (at least for its first series)
* ''Series/HardTimeOnPlanetEarth'': An alien military officer is exiled to a primitive planet for bad behavior. He is accompanied by a floating robotic supervisor. First episodes deal with them trying to understand humans (complicated by getting most information from TV) and blend in. Later they manage to adjust, although some misunderstandings keep cropping out.
* ''Series/{{Life On Mars|2006}}'': a 21st-century cop used to being by-the-book and politically correct, working with advanced forensic techniques, psychological profiling and whatnot, goes back to the much more rough-and-ready 1973. ''Series/AshesToAshes'' repeats the formula for the '80s, albeit to a lesser extent (and with a woman protagonist).
* ''Series/PhilOfTheFuture'' (The entire Diffy family)
* ''[[Series/{{McCloud}} [=McCloud=]]]''
* Teal'c in ''Series/StargateSG1''. Mostly played for laughs, but with a few poignant moments. Teal'c has to live on a military installation in Colorado a lot of the time, but sees very little of what normal civilian life in modern America is like. It doesn't help that he has a [[RubberForeheadAlien gold emblem on his forehead]]. Much of what he learns about modern life comes from fiction: when asked if he has ever heard of a virgin birth, the example he thinks of is Anakin Skywalker. In one episode he tried to get an off-base apartment and have something like a normal life, and we get a full {{Fish Out of Water}} episode, complete with a {{Muggle}} love interest, until the corrupt spy group tries to take advantage of his weakness and assert that {{Status Quo is God}}.
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' for most of the series run, though the "fish" character changed over time.
* The FX Reality Show ''30 Days'', from the guy who did Super Size Me pits different people, and occasionally the narrator himself, into living the titular number of days in a different environment then they're used to. Often these people will be placed at the opposite end of a controversial issue than where they were from to learn about the other side of an issue.
* Dieter, the German immigrant in ''Series/{{Killinaskully}}'' regularly finds himself flummoxed by the [[{{Oireland}} bizarre goings on]] in the [[ThePlace titular village]]. However, this seems to be less because Dieter is the OnlySaneMan and more just that his own [[CloudCuckoolander cloudcuckooland]] is so different from those of Ireland.
* The non-X-Series transgenics in ''Series/DarkAngel'', specifically Joshua at the beginning of season 2.
* ''Series/HoustonKnights''
* Ryan on ''Series/TheOC'', a poor kid from the wrong side of the tracks is taken in by a rich family and introduced to the wealth-obsessed lifestyle of Newport Beach.
* [[ShroudedInMyth The Stig]] on ''Series/TopGear'', to the point of being an IdiotSavant. [[BadassDriver When behind the wheel]], however, he's more than in his element.
* ''Series/TheBeverlyHillbillies'': a group of hillbillies who strike it rich and move to Beverly Hills.
* And, from the same production team, ''Series/GreenAcres'', about two city-slickers who buy a farm.
* ''Series/PetticoatJunction'', had an arc dealing with an Air Force pilot landing [[AscendedExtra and staying]] in rural country.
* The one-shot announcer [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lbK4N445WBk&feature=related Lance-Corporal Collier]] from ''Series/RutlandWeekendTelevision''. He was originally brought in for a sketch, and, as he's not shy to point out, doesn't know a whole lot about announcing.
-->'''Collier:''' The thing is I'm not used to this, I mean, they don't teach you much about television announcin' in the army, I mean, maybe they should, you never know...
* The main character of ''Series/UnnaturalHistory'', Henry Griffin, lived in pretty much everywhere on Earth except in urban society, [[CaptainObvious which is where the show takes place]].
* ''Perfect Strangers'' ran on this trope.
* Series 7 of ''Series/RedDwarf'' has Kochanski, albeit a version of her from a parallel universe. As a result, she knows the characters but they have completely opposite personalities to how she's used to them. Much of the series is about how she feels lonely and doesn't fit in.
* ''Series/OnceUponATime'': Emma gets this once she [[spoiler: ends up in the Enchanted Forest]]. She's an ActionGirl, but she has no clue how to handle [[spoiler: magical creatures or the fact that the fairy tale characters from her childhood stories are all real]]. Her WrongGenreSavvy doesn't help.
* ''Series/TheXFiles'' episodes "Tunguska" and "Terma" see Mulder and Krycek stuck in a Russian gulag. The trope is played straight with Mulder and zig-zagged with Krycek. It's inverted when Krycek is revealed to have connections in Russia and talks his way out of his cell, then played straight later in the forest when he has his arm cut off by the opposition to his former captors. Finally it's inverted again when Krycek, still in Russia and now with a prosthetic arm, is revealed to have hired an assassin to sabotage American efforts in the "arms race" to develop a vaccine for the black oil.
* Castiel, an angel, in ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' has difficulty blending into humanity, which may be even more apparent [[Recap/SupernaturalS09E01IThinkImGonnaLikeItHere when he becomes human]].
* ''Series/DocMartin'', not so much these days, [[CharacterDevelopment since he's been living there a while by now]].
* The BBC dramady ''Series/{{Ballykissangel}}'' started out as this, with Father Peter Clifford, a [[OopNorth Manchester]] priest assigned to the titular [[{{Oireland}} Irish hamlet]], frequently crossing philosophical swords with [[FieryRedhead Assumpta Fitzgerald]]. Midway through Season 3, it took a turn for the soapy.
* ''Series/SonOfZorn'' is a FOX show involving an animated [[Frnachise/MastersOfTheUniverse He-Man]]-eqsue barbarian moving to a suburban, live-action neighborhood to re-kindle his relationship with his son. Many culture clashes ensue.
* ''Series/TheIndianDetective'': Part of the show's drama. Doug D'Mello, despite being of Indian ancestry, was born and raised in Toronto. As such, he finds some things strange in India like arranged marriage and a Mumbai Police constable letting a street kid go for stealing his wallet. It doesn't help that some Indians are reminding him that he's not raised in India, so he doesn't comprehend the situation.

* Music/{{Yes}} bassist Chris Squire called his 1975 debut solo album ''Fish Out Of Water'', a multi-reference to his nickname, "Fish", his being away from Yes and as a solo artist, and his trying out different styles and instrumentations on the album from what he was used to. The cover of the album shows Chris standing inside a fish's skeleton.
* Music/DanielAmos's album ''Music/VoxHumana'' was (partly) about feeling very out-of-place in America in TheEighties.
** “As the World Turns” describes being an outsider in the spiritual sense:
-->And I never get comfort in the earth or sky\\
It’s my belief they’re not my home\\
The world spins one way, but I go another\\
Against the grain, one often stands alone
** The liner notes include a short story where the narrator realizes:
-->I concluded, and retain this belief even now, that the only ultimate disaster that can befall a man is to feel at home here on earth.

[[folder:Play By Post Games]]
* A vast number of the characters on Roleplay/{{Shadowside}} have this premise, and most of the subtropes are covered.

[[folder:Video and Computer Games]]
* Tidus in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyX'' is a fish out of water as he [[spoiler: is actually from an imaginary version of a long-since-destroyed city]]. The only time he feels comfortable in the new world is while playing blitzball, an underwater sport common to both his world and Spira.
* Merrill in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'' is a Dalish elf who was thrown out of her clan and forced to live in the elven ghetto of a human city. Her inexperience with human society (among other things her assumption that getting mugged is the "Alienage greeting" and nobody has mugged her because they don't like her) is played for laughs, as she [[ThePollyanna remains oddly cheerful about it all]].
** Feynriel. The poor kid doesn't fit in ''anywhere''. His DreamWeaver powers set him apart from other mages, and the Circle, the Templars, and the Dalish are either unable or unwilling to help him master them. Even if Feynriel goes to Tevinter to learn how to control his powers, he feels isolated because he isn't a ruthless power-hungry bastard like most magisters. That's not even touching his Human-Elf parentage, and the rejection he gets from both sides. Even ''Merrill'' calls him a "half-breed" at one point.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' had newcomer {{miko}} Sanae arrive from the "outside world" (I.E. normal, mundane earth), to Gensokyo because of her PhysicalGod deities needing to travel to someplace with enough [[GodsNeedPrayerBadly faith to sustain their existence]], which the modern world was lacking in. She is repeatedly noted as "lacking in the common sense of Gensokyo" (to which many fans noted that "sanity is a weakness in Gensokyo"), and when she eventually started trying to do "miko stuff" like go on {{youkai}} extermination trips, she gained notoriety for starting the [[MemeticMutation "sadist" meme]] from appearing to enjoy her fight with Kogasa a little ''too'' much, and when she met a shapeshifting Nue youkai who was trying to [[FearlessFool transform into her fears, Sanae was elated]] to have found a "real live space alien!", and wanted to get her picture taken with her.
* Flora, Layton's ward in the ''VideoGame/ProfessorLayton'' series, freely admits to this trope when she's fascinated by such mundane things as a simple country fair. [[spoiler:{{Justified|Trope}}, since she's spent the last several years living in a village full of RidiculouslyHumanRobot servants.]]

* Everyone in ''Webcomic/{{Earthsong}}'' is like this.
* Mentl, a street musician from our world who finds himself in a world of Medieval Fantasy in ''Webcomic/TheChallengesOfZona''. He adapts fairly quickly due to his meeting and falling in love with the title character and his musical knowledge and ability [[MusicMagic giving him magical powers]] although there are still a few bumps here and there.
* Secret of ''Webcomic/KeychainOfCreation'' is essentially a nice girl, but because she allowed her name to be taken to become an Abyssal, [[EnemyToAllLivingThings she's become a threat to all of existence]]. Plus, she's forced to kill occasionally or her [[EvilWeapon weapon]] will kill her in her sleep.
* ''Webcomic/GaiGin'': Gin is an American university student adapting to life in Japan.
* John Silver in ''Webcomic/TheSecondCrimeanWar'' (an American from Miami stranded in the middle of a Ukrainian civil war in the dead of winter) is an example of this.
* Ruby Larose in ''Webcomic/StickyDillyBuns''. The poor, angry nerd.
* Jack from ''Webcomic/{{Thornsaddle}}'' is a muggle-born (who knows nothing of wizards) in his first year at a wizard school. Much of the comedy comes from his tendency to deconstruct many of the facets of wizard society.
* ''Webcomic/{{Underling}}'' has this as the main plot of the story.
* ''Webcomic/AliceGrove'': Ardent, a tourist from space, apparently didn't do enough research on local culture. For example, he's confused when a woman's response to his request for sex is to slap him in the face.
* [[Webcomic/TowerOfGod Twentyfifth Baam]] grew up in a cave with his only contact to the human world being a girl that taught him everything he knew. He then stumbles into a place full of magic, people, conflict and rules (one which states that Baam's presence is against the law).
* ''WebComic/StandStillStaySilent'': Reynir, who for all intents and purposes is a LittleStowaway to a military crew exploring a ForbiddenZone AfterTheEnd. To top it off, it's a crew full of BunnyEarsLawyer types and Reynir is a sheltered sheepherder with budding mage powers and literally nobody to train him in the latter domain.

[[folder:Web Original]]
%%* ''WebVideo/WithTheAngels''.
* Phase, in the Literature/WhateleyUniverse. Ultra-rich, spoiled teenager from a mutant-hating family becomes a mutant and gets kicked out. This kid who has been waited on hand and foot ends up at [[SuperheroSchool Whateley Academy]], surrounded by mutants and struggling to fit in. Not usually played for humor.
* Leta Adler of "Literature/CaelumLex" was raised in wealth and luxury on her home planet and thus finds herself very out of place when she boards a rusty space pirate ship full of criminals and lowlives.
* Franchise/WonderWoman in ''WebAnimation/DCSuperheroGirls'' is a NewTransferStudent from Themyscira. She doesn't understand certain things such as American slang or how she mistook [[ComicBook/GreenLantern Hal Jordan]] trying to shake her hand for him wanting to spar.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Fry in early ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}''; he adapted surprisingly quickly. Other characters go through similar experiences, including his 20th century girlfriend and Zoidberg, a hideous lobster alien who serves as the company physician but understands practically nothing about Earth culture or human physiology.
* Starfire in ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans''.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyGymPartnersAMonkey'', with a human attending a school full of [[FunnyAnimal Funny]] {{Talking Animal}}s.
** One such animal, Bull Sharkowski, is a literal Fish Out Of Water, and has to carry a headset filled with water in order to breathe.
* The title character of ''WesternAnimation/JimmyTwoShoes'' in [[CrapsackWorld Miseryville]].
* Played with in ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' when the Smiths go to Saudi Arabia:
-->'''Francine:''' *screams in frustration hard enough to break Klaus's bowl*
-->'''Klaus:''' Your family may have moved to Saudi Arabia, but I'm the REAL fish out of water! Haha! [[MoodWhiplash ...Seriously, I'm dying.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/KappaMikey'', who features an American cartoon actor in a Japanese anime show after winning a contest. It is even explained that Mikey got his nick name because of the Kappa, literally a Fish Out Of Water.
* Darwin from ''WesternAnimation/{{The Amazing World Of Gumball}}'' is a more literal example of this trope. Darwin used to be the family's pet fish until he grew legs and got too big to be in his bowl all the time.
* Inverted in ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'' with Sandy Cheeks, who's a land creature ''in'' water.
* ''WesternAnimation/SheepInTheBigCity'' has exactly one Sheep living among humans in the Big City. Sheep has already adjusted; Sheep works at odd jobs and makes human friends. The Big City is now a familiar home. Sheep would have a good life there, except for a few sheep haters, and a secret military organization that wants to put Sheep in a sheep-powered ray gun.
* ''{{WesternAnimation/Gargoyles}}'' has the titled creatures waking up after a thousand year sleep in modern day New York, spending much of the first episodes just trying to understand the world around them.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Surprisingly, there are a few fishes that can ''literally'' pull this off:
** Mudskippers, a species of mangrove-dwelling gobies that can stay active out of the water for extended times.
** Catfishes from the genus ''Clarias'' can jump out of the water and "walk" around, as are Asiatic snakeheads. This trait is also part of the reason why the snakehead thrives as an invasive species InAmerica.
** Lungfishes (except the non-African ones) can hibernate in hardened mud for months at times.
* Anyone living in a foreign country or merely visiting one either on vacation or for business purposes can feel like this at first.
* Any highly competent person who gets hired for a job they have no talent for. Meriwether Lewis was a highly competent explorer and a very poor governor.
* Commonly, military units that have been trained or even raised in a particular environment find themselves in a completely different one, and have to fight and win under completely unfamiliar conditions. The French and later the Germans in the Russian winter are a classic example. Another is the British "Desert Rats," who later fought in the jungles of Burma. Sometimes this is deliberate -- a unit might be issued the wrong equipment and trained for different climates to fool any spies into thinking it will be going somewhere else.
* For some people, especially those with autism spectrum disorders, getting into social situations can make them feel like a fish out of water. Or at least, being with someone they're not comfortable with. And there are cases in which someone is considered "different" from their peers; that may also cause this uncomfortable feeling.