->''"An era may be said to end when its basic illusions are exhausted."''
-->-- '''Creator/ArthurMiller'''

There was a time our lives and the world were new and [[HereThereWereDragons full of wonder]], when innocence and curiosity led people to explore, trust each other plainly, make amazing discoveries, invent amazing technologies, or simply make awe inspiring works of art.

And then it ended.

It can be because we, or the world we are born into, have [[GrowingUpSucks grown up]]. It seems smaller by comparison, understandable; no longer mysterious, full of adventure and romance. Children can't grow up to be famous explorers if there are no new continents to explore (space or the deep sea floor being expensive future exceptions), and some works of art made with the expertise of long dead masters can never be truly replicated, whether sword or song. This is what the End Of An Age feels like: [[{{Tragedy}} tragic]], cynical and full of loss.

There are many plots and stories that evoke this trope to add the bitter in a BittersweetEnding, or less commonly as something to be fought against in order to preserve the Age or at least the relics thereof.
* An AdventurerArchaeologist inspired by stories of TheTimeOfMyths and other bygone wonders may make it their life's work to prove it existed, and the story becomes a quest for a MacGuffin or other [[WhatMeasureIsANonUnique unique relic of the time.]]
* If it's a ComingOfAgeStory, it can be [[OneLastFieldTrip children trying to live one last adventure before growing up]] because GrowingUpSucks, or even trying to grow up... only to discover they've lost something in the process.
* Or most [[TearJerker heart-wrenching]] of all, ''destroying'' said Age or its relics to keep them out of dangerous hands, perhaps even having to do so simply to survive.

If magic is involved, it becomes a case of TheMagicGoesAway. If it's technological, then LostTechnology. And if it's religious, see either DeathOfTheOldGods or {{Gotterdammerung}}.

For the opposite where the age of wonders is just ''beginning'', see DawnOfAnEra. See also AfterTheEnd and HumanitysWake. Remnants of a past age may be kept in a FantasticNatureReserve. Supertrope of TwilightOfTheOldWest.


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* There are a handful of ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'' fics that picture Nations at either the end of the world or their own "lifetimes." Whether it's peaceful, violent or tragic depends on the writer. But let's just say that [[{{Tearjerker}} they take it well...]]
** Sometimes, this can include the end of a particular era of their history. Such as the French Revolution or the final years of Austria-Hungary.
** In canon, England reflects on the loss of the British Empire, and France thinks about Joan of Arc and Napoleon as he's being defeated by Germany in WWII.
* ''Anime/TheBigO'''s Paradigm City is a unique example in that the Golden Age was forcibly suppressed and all memories of that time were erased, thereby skipping the long decline. The result is a grungy, post-apocalyptic noir UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity in which the LostTechnology is memories and the occasional BlackBox pops up in the form of giant robots, artificial stars, and advanced androids.
** Season 1 was quite possibly the last TV anime to be drawn on cels and transferred to film.
* ''Manga/FairyTail'' has this with the Tartaros arc. [[spoiler: Nearly the entire Magic Council was assassinated, Acnologia kills Igneel, the other dragons are revealed to have already been killed by Acnologia, Zeref destroys Mard Geer permanently and makes off with the Book of E.N.D., the Fairy Tail guild hall, along with a good portion of Magnolia Town, was wrecked in the struggle and Makarov disbands the guild at the end of the arc.]]
* As a fantasy historical story near the end of the Edo period, ''VisualNovel/{{Hakuouki}}'' depicts the end of the age of UsefulNotes/TheShinsengumi and of the Japanese warrior as Westernization and its advancing weaponry are becoming more prevalent and the characters learn to cope and adapt to it.
* The end of ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes'' is the end of one era of human history.
* Throughout ''Manga/LoneWolfAndCub'', it's both expressed and strongly implied that Feudal Japan is about to come crashing down and that Itto is "the Last True Bushi."
* ''Manga/MagicalRecordLyricalNanohaForce'' shows the start of the end of the magic age for ''Franchise/LyricalNanoha'', with the Eclipse having AntiMagic strong enough to actually make magic obsolete and force the (re)introduction of physical weapons, unlike ''[=StrikerS=]'' where the heroines could simply power through it. However, the sheer amount of FanonDiscontinuity raises the question of whether this series will stay canonical, especially given its sudden "hiatus".
* Many of the works by Miyazaki evoke this trope (''Anime/CastleInTheSky'', ''Manga/NausicaaOfTheValleyOfTheWind'' and ''Anime/PrincessMononoke'' to name just three).
* In ''NatsumesBookOfFriends'', many spirits are departing and/or becoming weaker as less and less humans believe in them. An example is when one shrine god vanishes entirely when his last worshiper dies.
* Humanity is going through this in ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''. SEELE is trying to bring it to an end on purpose.
* ''Manga/OnePiece''. Several characters have different views of what exactly this "New Age" [[spoiler:brought on with the death of Whitebeard at the end of the War of the Best, confirming the existence of the One Piece and therefore ushering a new wave of pirates to sea]] is about, mostly thinking of a world in the verge of chaos or an age where pirates no longer chase their dreams. For example, the Marines seem to think of it as an age where pirates are more ruthless than ever, whereas Trafalgar Law thinks of it as an age where the Marines' days are numbered, and X Drake thinking this is a new age for the Marines as well upon [[spoiler:[[GeneralRipper Akainu]] becoming Fleet Admiral and they receiving unprecedented power by the World Government]]. Eustass Kid seems to hold the belief that pirates are in an EvilPowerVacuum, dog-piling over each other to get at One Piece -- not so much about being the Pirate King anymore. Bellamy believes this "New Age" is an age without dreams. And Blackbeard? He thinks of it as the age of [[TakeOverTheWorld his own world domination]].
* ''Manga/{{Toriko}}'' has a chapter aptly named "End of an Age", because [[spoiler: Midora causes so much destruction to the Human World that 100 nations are unable to function properly, as the ecosystems are destroyed and, in turn a shortage of ingredients breaks in. Truly the end of the Gourmet Age. In turn, due to this shortage, IGO creates FoodPills to try to apease the hunger, because the only way to get ingredients is to go to [[DeathWorld Gourmet World.]]]]
* ''Anime/SailorMoon'' states that an unidentified length of time ago, the entire Solar System was ruled in peace by The Moon and its queen, and every planet was a utopia, in an era known as the Silver Millennium. Now, though, every planet but Earth is dead. (''Sailor Moon'' does promise via TimeTravel, though, that the future will be bright -- and [[TokyoIsTheCenterOfTheUniverse based in Tokyo]].)
* ''Literature/ScrappedPrincess''. Its entire premise revolves around [[spoiler: an AncientConspiracy to restore the world from its (both physical and metaphorical) cage]].
* In ''Manga/SgtFrog'', a flashback chapter revealed that shortly before Dororo reunited with his platoon mates, the denizens of the ninja village he had been living with (including his friend Koyuki) were forced to re-integrate with normal Japanese society after Japan's "department of ninjutsu" was disbanded.
* Holo of ''LightNovel/SpiceAndWolf'' decides to leave the villagers she helped because they say that they don't need a harvest god anymore. While she initially helped them by making the crops grow, she occasionally had to do the opposite to prevent the growing village from being struck by the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons Tragedy of the Commons]], which made them resent her. In the first episode, before she leaves, we see her portrayed in the village harvest festivities as an oppressive force and a thief instead of as a wise benefactor.
** In the original light novels that progress past where the anime ends, this trope is made more explicit as Lawrence and Holo travel further northward towards her home. The old gods of nature that reigned before the rise of humans have been killed or forced to flee their homes by the [[TheDreaded Moon-Hunting Bear,]] the survivors quietly blending into human society. Even Holo admits late into the series that her kind's era is fading, [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming though that doesn't mean she can't find a new life with Lawrence.]]
* The aliens of ''Manga/TokyoMewMew'' see Earth as exactly this due to pollution.
** Partially pollution, and partially because these "aliens" are actually the original inhabitants of the planet, and want to know what the hell we humans are doing bumming around in their property.
* ''Anime/TurnAGundam'' has this as its distant backstory. They even have a name for it: The Black History. That backstory happens to be [[spoiler: the entire ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' franchise up to that point; WordOfGod adds in most later Gundam series to backstory]].
* ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'' had this in the third movie "Remember My Love". When Lum is kidnapped, all of the Oni leave Earth to find her. Eventually the character's lives return to those of normal teenagers; time even becomes unstuck and our characters advanced to 12th Grade. This is all wiped out, and the original timeline restored by the end of the movie.
* ''Manga/YokohamaKaidashiKikou'' shows the "age of the calm evening" before "the night of humanity". This is paralleled in Alpha's own development.

* In a broader sense certain comic books are said to bring about the end of an age, ComicBook/KingdomCome for instance is often cited as the end of the dark ages of comics.
** Even more common is to describe "ComicBook/TheNightGwenStacyDied" (''Amazing Spider-Man'' #121) as the story that marked the end of the Silver Age and the beginning of the Bronze Age of comic books.
* ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'' #400 is the last story of the pre-Crisis Batman, and ends with: "And so the night of resurrection nears its end, but when next he strides forth from this dark womb of bats... it all begins anew. 'Hello again. Beware... forever.'"
* ''ComicBook/CrisisOnInfiniteEarths'' is about the end of the multiverse and the birth of the universe. Several other comics came out at the same time dealing with each hero's personal End of an Age.
* ''ComicBook/DraculaVsKingArthur'' ends with the Knights of the Round Table dead and Camelot in ruins after the war with Dracula. Arthur knew well before going into battle this was going to happen. And as a final request, rather then rebuilding the kingdom, that Excalibur and the Holy Grail be returned to the Lady of the Lake in hopes of his kingdom's subjects making their own future.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Earth 2}}'', after Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman died fighting off the [[{{ComicBook/Darkseid}} parademon invasion]], the world considers the "Age of [[DifferentlyPoweredIndividual Wonders]]" to be over. [[TimeSkip Five years later]], superheroes [[DawnOfAnEra start to appear again]].
* ''ComicBook/GoldDigger'' -- magic and magic users still exist but the age of magic is over and most magical beings retreated to other realms some time ago.
* ''ComicBook/TheLifeAndTimesOfScroogeMcDuck'' has this as an overarching theme. As Scrooge travels and learns from everyone he meets throughout the latter part of the 19th century, he is a witness to the end of the Frontier-era. The age of the riverboats end as the railroads take their place, the cattle barons time come to an end as the Great Plains are divided up into homesteads, the great gold rushes are at an end, and the TwilightOfTheOldWest finally occurs in 1890, as the frontier is officially closed, America has been settled, and the great names of yesteryear passes into legend. Finally, Scrooge becomes part of legend himself as he participates in the last gold rush in Klondike, finally striking it rich at the top of the world.
* One of the key themes at the heart of Batman: "ComicBook/TheLongHalloween" is the mob and traditional criminals in general having to come to terms with their own increasing impotence as the age of flamboyant supercrime begins.
* This is also the idea behind the ''Malibuverse'' comics. The superheros were {{Human Popsicle}}s from the last "golden age" of men. Or [[NinetiesAntiHero demons]]. By the way, we are the tenth generation, while they were the ninth.
* By the time ''[[ComicBook/TheMultiversity The Just #1]]'' begins, the legacies of famous superheroes have not seen any real battles since the previous generation had put an end to war and crime, instead living their lives as celebrities. However, after years of complacency, Earth-16's era of peace comes to an end with the rise of [[spoiler:Alexis Luthor]].
* Alan Moore's ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' story "ComicBook/WhateverHappenedToTheManOfTomorrow" is about the end of UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}} Superman legend and all the myth surrounding him.
* In ''ComicBook/DungeonTheEarlyYears'' a knight asks if Hyacinthe will [[spoiler: avenge his father's death]] by the traditional way (duel witht he offended party one at a time), Hyacinthe says he will use the ''modern'' way [[spoiler: (slit everyone's throat while they are sleeping]]. The knight goes away mourning the end of the romantic era and the chronologically this is the last book of Early years where all the other stories will take place in Dungeon Zenith, where barbarism rules and Hyacinthe becomes a bitter Dungeonkeeper who attracts adventurers to die in his castle.

* The ''Anime/CodeGeass'' fic ''The First Servant'', which takes place after Zero Requiem, chronicles not only the end of one era but also the events leading the end of ''another''. [[spoiler:Which involves Empress Nunnally's death and the final downfall of the Britannian Empire]].
* The ''Fanfic/NineteenEightyThreeDoomsdayStories'' has this trope as one of the overarching themes. The world as ''we'' know it ended in 1983, with the remaining [[Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia Nations]] doing their best coping with the new one taking its place. On the other hand, it's also treated as a DawnOfAnEra: humanity's rebuilding, Survivor-Nations are finding their place in the brave new world and the pre-Doomsday Nations are coming to terms with their ultimate fate.
* In the ''FanFic/PonyPOVSeries'', the G2 world is shown to have been a Golden Age of pony civilization, surpassing even the modern day of G4/FIM (according to Luna, the ponies of that period had even landed on the moon, technology that the FIM ponies do ''not'' have). We've so far seen from two different perspectives -- first from Celestia, and then from the main seven G2 ponies -- how this period came crashing down [[spoiler: when Discord's brother Destruction basically nuked the planet back to the Dark Ages in order to [[CosmicRetcon prevent the G3 world from coming into existence]], thereby preventing the errors of that period from causing [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt universal collapse]].]]
* When the four first meet Grunnel in ''Fanfic/WithStringsAttached'', he speaks longingly of the good old days when monsters and Tayhil roamed around and the skahs happily slaughtered them. But the skahs were too efficient and killed everything off, and for the last ten years Baravada has been in the grip of the Rusting: there's nothing for the skahs to do any more, no one is breeding (though Grunnel doesn't talk about that), even the populated places are falling apart, and the gods won't do anything about it. The four have to fake being sympathetic, as they are [[ActualPacifist Actual Pacifists]] and disgusted by Grunnel's joyous descriptions of piles of bodies. And later, they are ''not at all happy'' about inadvertently providing the means to reverse the Rusting. [[spoiler: Though they do manage to prevent that.]]
* The subject matter of FanFic/{{Eugenesis}} deals with the end of war on Cybertron, but there's hell to pay first.
* ''[[FanFic/RomanceAndTheFateOfEquestria Legend of the Goddesses]]'' shows Celestia and Luna's childhood in a village populated entirely by alicorns, and that alicorns possess a BattleAura which surrounds them at all times. Four hundred years later, for no adequately explained reason, alicorn birth rates have dropped, the males of the race are gone altogether, and so they're integrating with the other pony races, while those who do live no longer have auras, not even Celestia and Luna themselves.
* ''[[FanFic/IcedFairysANewWorld A New World]]'' depicts a Gensokyo where Yukari has long since died. Without her to smuggle human meat from the other side of the barrier, human-youkai relations degrade to a far harsher balance than Reimu could ever have dreamed of, beginning a slow descent into oblivion. Ran and Keine fear this is the start of Gensokyo's death, [[spoiler:but Maribel arrives with time to spare to prevent this and begin reversing the stagnating effects. As it turns out, Yukari successfully predicted her death and all ensuing events, and arranged her final trap to usher Gensokyo, Luna, and all of Earth, into the DawnOfAnEra.]]
* In ''[[FanFic/ASparkOfIceAndFire A Spark Of Ice And Fire]]'' Barristan Selmy and Jon Arryn believe this is the case with the arrival of ''[[GirlGenius Agatha Heterodyne]]''. With her inventions of guns and engines (to name a few), Barristan fears that the time of knights and honourable battle is over. While Jon believe's he is simply too old to see the new world the brilliant Spark will create.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* This is a major theme in ''WesternAnimation/TheIllusionist (2010)'' as nobody wants to see stage magicians anymore and nobody believes in magic.
* ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda2'' has this as a theme of the story as the advent of [[spoiler:the cannon]] threatens to make kung fu irrelevant and useless in battle. However, Po averts this spectacularly [[spoiler:by discovering an effective kung fu CatchAndReturn technique to defeat cannon fire, making kung fu still a vital skill in battle that can counter artillery. Furthermore, Po rather casually makes it clear that he can teach his friends this technique, which means it will be spreading throughout China in due time]].
* The ending of ''WesternAnimation/SongOfTheSea''. [[spoiler:Saorise regains her coat and sings her song, ushering all of Ireland's fair folk across the sea to Tír na nÓg. She also sacrifices her selkie coat to remain on Earth with her human family, taking with it the last remaining bond to the fairy world.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/Cars3'': The NASCAR-style stock racers like McQueen are quickly being sidelined by new [=GT3=]/Le Mans-style racers such as Jackson Storm.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The downfall of UsefulNotes/NewHollywood is traced to the box-office success of ''Franchise/StarWars'' and the colossal failure of ''HeavensGate'' three years later.
* In ''Film/ThirteenAssassins'', the age of samurai is drawing to a close, which is reflected in the [[GreyAndGrayMorality conflicting ideas about justice]] among the main characters.
* ''Film/{{Apocalypto}}'': The Mayan civilization is on its last legs, and [[spoiler: the Spaniards arrive to the Americas]].
* ''Film/TheArtist'' is set during the twilight of silent films and the emergence of talkies.
* The lightning strike to the clock tower in ''Film/BackToTheFuture'' arguably represents the beginning of the eventual decline and decay of Hill Valley's town square. Or, in a broader sense, it perhaps symbolizes the end of America's 1950s post-war boom.
* It's largely only subtext in the film, but the {{novelization}} of Creator/RobertZemeckis' ''WesternAnimation/{{Beowulf|2007}}'' makes it clear that for the Norse people the dawning of the age of Christianity means the end of the age of myths and legends, something which Beowulf greatly resents.
* ''Film/BoogieNights'' deals with end the close-knitted 70s, 80s porn producing subculture and the rise of the open market porn industry. Little Bill, played by William H. Macy, appears in the 70s scenes, [[ButtMonkey frequently complaining about his wife]]. However, at a New Year's Eve party, ushering in 1980, Little Bill [[spoiler: shoots his wife dead, says "Happy New Year" to the shocked partygoers, and then shoots himself in front of them.]] The scene sets the tone for the grim, uncertain 1980s after the carefree, hedonistic 1970s.
* ''Film/{{Casino}}''.
-->'''Sam:''' The town will never be the same. After the Tangiers, the big corporations took it all over. Today, it looks like Disneyland. And while the kids play cardboard pirates, Mommy and Daddy drop the house payments and Junior's college money on the poker slots. In the old days, dealers knew your name, what you drank, what you played. Today, it's like checkin' into an airport. And if you order room service, you're lucky if you get it by Thursday. Today, it's all gone. You get a whale show up with four million in a suitcase, and some twenty-five-year-old hotel school kid is gonna want his Social Security Number. After the Teamsters got knocked out of the box, the corporations tore down practically every one of the old casinos. And where did the money come from to rebuild the pyramids? Junk bonds.
* ''Film/{{Downfall}}'' is about the end of World War 2 for the Germans as the Nazi fantasy world comes literally crashing down on their heads.
* ''Film/{{Dragonslayer}}''. The end of magic and dragons, and the start of Christianity.
* ''Film/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'': ruminates on the twilight of the optimism of the 1960s in America. Johnny Depp says the famous "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_and_loathing#The_.22wave_speech.22 Wave Speech]] in voiceover while peering out a window.
* In ''Film/TheFlintstones'', Mr. Slate announces the passing of the Stone Age with the invention of concrete.
* Played in ''Film/ForrestGump''. Many have interpreted Jenny's death from a disease that might be AIDS as being symbolic of the death of the 1960s/1970s counterculture in the early 1980s.
* ''Film/FreddyVsJason'' can be seen as the end of the era of classic slasher films, being the final canonical film of both the ''Franchise/FridayThe13th'' and ''Franchise/ANightmareOnElmstreet'' franchises, the last time Creator/RobertEnglund would play Freddy, and the last entry in the original crop of slasher films before the remakes began.
* ''Film/GoodByeLenin'': The end of East Germany and, more broadly, the end of communism in Europe.
* In the last segment of ''Film/HowTheWestWasWon'' ("The Outlaws") there's a running theme that [[TwilightOfTheOldWest the days of hot-shot gunslingers and train-robbing outlaws are almost at an end, with all the most famous examples of each having died already.]] The big showdown between Marshal Zeb Rawlings and outlaw Charlie Grant is portrayed as one of the last of its kind as the West loses its [[WildWest wildness]].
* The final third of ''Film/IntoTheStorm2009'' showcases the post-war period. It has a very melancholic feel to it, displaying the definitive end of the British Empire and the downfall of Winston Churchill and the sort of Imperialistic, larger-than life politician he represents.
* ''Film/TheLastDaysOfDisco''. ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin.
* ''Film/TheLastSamurai'' and ''The Hidden Blade'' are both about the end of the samurai age. In ''The Hidden Blade'', an expert in western culture even teaches the samurai how to ''run'' in the "western style."
* ''Film/NicholasAndAlexandra'': The film dramatizes the fall of Tsarist Russia. Count Witte describes it in such a way.
-->'''Count Witte''': None of you will be here when [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarI this war ends]]. Everything we fought for will be lost, everything we've loved will be broken. The victors will be as cursed as the defeated. The world will grow old, and men will wander about, lost in the ruins, and go mad. Tradition, restraint, virtue, they all go. I'm not mourning for myself, but for the people who will come after me, they will live without hope. And all they will have will be guilt, revenge, and terror. And the world will be full of fanatics and trivial fools.
* A recurring motif in ''Film/OceansThirteen'', various characters remark at different points at how the casinos and heists in Las Vegas have changed around them ("You're analog players in a digital world"). The changing of the times also divides the crooks of the setting between the heroic [[GentlemanThief Gentlemen Thieves]] who abide by the codes, and the villain of the movie, who sees the modern Las Vegas as an excuse to betray it.
* One of the themes of the first ''Film/OnceUponATimeInChina'', lamenting the fading of Kung Fu in the face of modern weapons. Particularly exemplified by AntiVillain Master Yen.
* In ''Film/OnceUponATimeInChina'', there is an ever present melancholy throughout all the films that the era of the noble and heroic Chinese Warrior is ending and is paving the way for Westernization and how the characters deal and cope with it.
* All in one film, ''Film/PacificRim'' covers [[spoiler: the end of the {{Kaiju}}-free Earth, end of the Jaeger's golden age, and lastly the end of the Kaiju era...perhaps.]]
* In the ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'' series, there is an ongoing theme that the end is near for the era of WoodenShipsAndIronMen - an age of freedom and adventure that has been memorialized ever since. Indeed, the series takes place [[AnachronismStew vaguely]] in an early-to-mid 18th century setting, the very end of UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfPiracy. The [[TrilogyCreep seemingly unstoppable progression of sequels]] has rendered this theme somewhat awkward and ironic.
** In ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanTheCurseOfTheBlackPearl'', the ''Black Pearl'' is briefly referred to as "the last real pirate threat in the Caribbean".
** In ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanDeadMansChest'', Cutler Beckett had a speech about how the world was changing and there would soon no longer be a place for pirates like Jack Sparrow.
** In ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanAtWorldsEnd'', Sparrow and Barbossa had [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqanNlzgwz4 a similar conversation;]] the point gets driven home when they stumble upon the body of the Kraken.
-->'''Barbossa:''' ''The world used to be a bigger place.''\\
'''Jack:''' ''The world's still the same. There's just... less in it.''
** ''Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbeanOnStrangerTides'' hammers the point home even more so with [[spoiler:the Spanish destroying the Fountain of Youth at the end of the movie]].
* ''Film/PrettyBaby'' depicts the end of Storyville, a RedLightDistrict of UsefulNotes/NewOrleans during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
* ''Film/RogerAndMe'': The film highlights the end of company towns and the businesses that promised lifetime employment, in favor of a more globalized, greed driven world.
--> '''Moore''' ''(narrating)'': As we neared the end of the twentieth century, the rich were richer, the poor, poorer. [[ItMakesSenseInContext And people everywhere now had a lot less lint, thanks to the lint rollers made in my hometown.]] It was truly the dawn of a new era.
* ''Film/StarTrekVITheUndiscoveredCountry'' ends with the final mission of the original Enterprise and her crew. In a way, especially for fans, it was emphatically the end of an era. It also had TheFederation finally make peace with their long-time arch-rivals, the Klingons, marking the end of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar era in RealLife.
* The Old Republic in the ''Franchise/StarWars'' universe, shown in its final stages of decline in the prequels. In the original film (''Film/ANewHope''), Obi-Wan describes the good old days of the Jedi Knights to Luke.
* ''Film/{{Sunset}}'' is about both the end of the Old West and the end of silent movies.
* The Hungarian film ''Sunshine'' chronicles Hungary's fall from glory, from the upbeat optimism of the Habsburg Monarchy to the bleak and fatalistic 1956 Revolution against the Soviets.
* The Creator/BorisKarloff movie ''Film/{{Targets}}'', both in terms of plot and production, marks the end of [[MadScientist one age]] of the horror film, and the dawn of a [[SerialKiller new one]].
* James Cameron's ''Film/{{Titanic 1997}}'' can arguably be this, especially for the viewpoint of the Present Day Rose.
* The Serbian film ''Film/{{Underground}}'' is about the dissolution of the united Yugoslavia, which the film mourns. Many critics did not appreciate the film's romanticizing of [[UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito Tito]]'s communist regime.
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit?'' links the construction of the Pasadena Freeway to the end of old-timey Los Angeles culture, represented by UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfAnimation come to life. For anyone who knows the history of LA, that was actually somewhat TruthInTelevision. It's the freeway that was a major factor in the basin's development and subsequent suburban sprawl. However, the freeway was actually built seven years before the film is set, making it strange that the very idea of a "freeway" is presented as a novel concept that everyone but Judge Doom thinks [[ItWillNeverCatchOn Will Never Catch On]]. Also, [[CaptainObvious living cartoons never happened]].
* ''Film/TheWildBunch'' is set in the TwilightOfTheOldWest, with aging outlaws heading to Mexico and taking on OneLastJob.
* Discussed in ''Film/{{Yamato}}''. Kamio, being one of the surviving crewmen of the eponymous battleship, has spent the past few decades mired in SurvivorGuilt, unable to move on. By recounting his tale to Makiko, he is finally able to acknowledge that the Showa period has come to an end and let go of the past.
* ''Film/DaughtersOfTheDust'': Peazant family matriarch Nana fears that in leaving the island, her family will forget its Gullah roots and become assimilated.

* Creator/MarcelProust's ''A la recherche de temps perdu'' is set against the backdrop of the decline of the French aristocracy and the corresponding rise of the middle class between the 1870s and 1920s.
* ''Literature/TheBannedAndTheBanished'' sets one of these up, then argues that it's actually a good thing, because WhatMeasureIsANonSuper is no longer in effect.
* According to Creator/JRRTolkien, this is the entire point of ''Literature/{{Beowulf}}'': after the age of heroes comes to an end, the Geats face a dark and uncertain future.
* Creator/ArthurCClarke's ''Literature/ChildhoodsEnd'' follows this form, with two twists: the setting is science fiction, not fantasy and the present-day real-world is construed to be the Golden Age, relative to a (future) alien invasion.
* David Wingrove's ''Literature/ChungKuo'' series takes place in the last years of the world-spanning Han Empire. One of the main protagonists has made it his life's calling to forestall the end.
* In Creator/RobertEHoward's ''Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian'' stories, ancient civilizations (such as {{Atlantis}}) had risen and fallen. {{Evil Sorcerer}}s frequently find their magic from olden days.
* ''Franchise/TheDarkTower'': "The world moved on."
** All-World, where Roland lives and most of the action takes place, was once dominated by magic, which was used to power the twelve Beams which hold the world together. The setting's Precursors eventually replaced the magic with technology, and when they died out in nuclear war, the machines began to break down, causing the world to fall apart at the seams, both literally and metaphysically.
* John's reign is the downfall of the immortal land Pentexore in ''Literature/DirgeForPresterJohn''.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'',
** ''Discworld/{{Sourcery}}'' might be considered the last gasp of the age of, well, sourcery. Magic, and the humans who wield it, have been considerably scaled down since then, making things less wondrous but a hell of a lot safer. The events of ''Sourcery'' also killed off many of the most powerful and dangerous wizards which lead to Ridcully becoming Archchancellor and ending the age of KlingonPromotion among the wizards. The wizards become more laid back, less aggressive and more scholarly wizards were able to rise to positions of power.
** ''Discworld/MenAtArms'' started the transformation of the City Watch into a modern police force and ended the age of the police being marginalized by the guilds, palace guards or the army. Old school coppers like Colon and Nobby don't really fit into it anymore and are nostalgic about how things used to be.
** ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'' features the last gasp of Cohen the Barbarian and his band of geriatric barbarian heroes - a literally dying breed of men on the Disc whose days are soon to be ended by encroaching civilization, and the fact that they've been pretty much everywhere on the Disc anyway. The Silver Horde elect to go out with a very big bang, first here and in the loose "sequel", ''Discworld/TheLastHero''.
** ''Discworld/{{Jingo}}'' and ''Discworld/GoingPostal'': as incidental detail in both books, the ferocious and savage non-human species called the Gnolls, who like rogue Apache Indians terrorised the overland trade routes through the wilderness in ''Discworld/EqualRites'', are seen to capitulate to ''realpolitik'' and give themselves up to encroaching civilization, like reservation Indians in 1890. ''Jingo'' sees their debased remnant entering Ankh-Morpork to take up the bottom rung on the social ladder, as scavengers and rubbish-pickers. In ''Going Postal'' there is a strong hint, from the coachmen who are relieved the former hunting grounds of the Gnolls are suddenly so empty, that the last wild gnolls were victims of a sudden and mysterious genocide akin to the defeat of the Native Americans.
---> And we never knew what caused it, Mr Lipwig.
** ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals'' ended the old, very brutal way of playing football and many of the old movers-and-shakers are not happy with it.
** The short story "Troll Bridge" is basically about Cohen and Chert being the last gasps of bold warriors who kill things without asking many questions, and trolls who live under bridges and eat people until the aforementioned bold warrior kills them. The Disc is mostly about what happens to a HeroicFantasy world ''afterwards''.
* In ''Literature/{{Dragonlance}}'' this actually happens ''twice''. Once after the Cataclysm, when all of the gods(except for the Gods of Magic) withdraw their presence from Krynn, taking with them Priestly magic. Wizardly magic is still around, but Wizards try and keep a low-profile due to persecution. All of Krynn enters a dark age that takes three centuries to recover from. The gods return during the War of the Lance. It happens again after the Chaos War, with the gods going away except for Takhisis due to her stealing away the world. All magic is gone from the world this time around, but it only takes about five years for Mysticism(which is akin to Priestly magic, except it relies on the casters faith in themselves) to be discovered and Primal Sorcery(actually the oldest type of magic, akin to Wizardly magic) is re-discovered fifteen years or so later.
* Creator/FredSaberhagen's ''Literature/EmpireOfTheEast'' and ''Literature/BookOfSwords'' trilogies both end this way. At the end of ''Empire'', Ardneh undoes the Change, restoring the power of science and technology, and sending the power of magic into a (very) slow retreat. At the end of the ''Literature/BookOfSwords'', the gods die.
* ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'' ruminates on the twilight of the optimism of the 1960s in America. See: the famous "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fear_and_loathing#The_.22wave_speech.22 Wave Speech]]."
* In ''Literature/TheGodsAreBastards'', the end of the Age of Adventures -- and the various characters' and organizations' reactions to it -- is a running theme of the story and a driving force behind much of the plot.
* The book ''Literature/GoneWithTheWind'' deals with this directly. Ashley tells Scarlett that following the collapse of the Confederacy, the former cottonbelt aristocrats are living a day-to-day götterdämmerung.
* In ''Literature/AHarvestOfWar'' firearms make their first appearance in Draeze, the urban setting of the novel, ending the pre-gunpowder era.
* In ''Literature/HowToTrainYourDragon'' it's hinted by the older Hiccup narrating that the end of the the time of Viking heroes, as well as the disappearance of the dragons, will be brought on by ''[[NiceJobBreakingItHero his younger self]]''.
* ''Literature/{{Julian}}'' takes place as the old Hellenistic paganism dies out, to be replaced by Christianity despite the best efforts of Julian and later Libanius.
* At least half the stories relating to [[Myth/KingArthur Arthurian mythology]], including the musical ''Camelot'' and T.H. White's book ''Literature/TheOnceAndFutureKing'', focus on how swell the age of Camelot was and how much it sucks that it's over.
* ''Franchise/TolkiensLegendarium'':
** ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' is literally set at the end of the Third Age, with the last of the High Elves leaving for the land of the godlike archangels (Valar). This is an ongoing process, with unnumbered years where the Valar coexisted directly with Middle-Earth, three Ages of ascendance for the elves, and then a slow dimming away, with Middle-Earth eventually becoming the world we know today. These are called the Ages of the Children of Ilúvatar, and the Fourth Age is the first Age of Man. As such it is both {{Gotterdammerung}} (for the First and Second Ages) and TheMagicGoesAway (for the Third).
** This trope is the heart and soul of ''Literature/TheSilmarillion'', which details the history of Tolkien's universe from the beginning of time up until the events of ''Lord of the Rings''. Each Age of the world ended with the irretrievable loss of some precious entity or artifact and the overall image is of a world that "grows ever colder" (in Gandalf's words). So for example, the First Age ended with the War of Wrath where Morgoth was defeated in a titanic battle and finally imprisoned by the Valar, but not before most of Beleriand is destroyed and two of the three Silmarils, the last unpoisoned light on Earth, were lost forever.
** The Gondorians suffered from this after the time of the "Ship-Kings." Their great, mighty nation dwindled away as a kingless state. Arnor on the other hand never recovered from their losses in the War of the Last Alliance, and Isildur's death a few years later.
* Creator/GuyGavrielKay does this twice, in both ''Creator/TheLionsOfAlRassan'', and ''Creator/TheLastLightOfTheSun''. The former deals with the end of Moorish Spain, and the latter with the last Viking raids on England. Both are very nostalgically written, and capture the uncertainty and sadness that comes with the end of something grand, be it good or bad.
* Marion Zimmer Bradley's ''Literature/TheMistsOfAvalon'' laments the gradual inaccessibility of Avalon - the spiritual center of pagan Britain -- as the Goddess-worshipping religion is superseded by Christianity within the lifetime of its last priestess, Morgaine.
* Part of Creator/CSLewis's ''Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia'' is that only children may enter it, so as the cast ages they become excluded from coming back.
* Jack Kerouac's ''Literture/OnTheRoad'' uses this trope symbolically when Sal finally settles with his wife and leads a peaceful life, leaving Dean, the embodiment of his reckless youth, to wander behind.
* The ''[[Literature/RevelationSpaceSeries Revelation Space]]'' universe created by Creator/AlastairReynolds had the ''Belle Epoque'' which came to an abrupt end with the Melding Plague which destroyed all [[{{Nanomachines}} nanotechnology]]. In one moving scene the protagonist is traveling in a train to Chasm City when an [[LostTechnology automated holographic display]] [[RagnarokProofing activates]], showing the city in its former glory. The local residents just stare straight ahead, doing their best to ignore it.
* The novelization of ''Film/RevengeOfTheSith'', which is generally considered to be very, very good, brings up the concept in its introduction, which gives brief rundown on the situation of the Republic as it stands, how important Anakin and Obi-Wan are to it, and then finishes with a single sentence:
-->Though this is the end of the age of heroes, it has saved its best for last.
* ''Literature/{{Shannara}}'' has this. First came the age of the faeries, featuring various magical nature spirits, which ended in apocalypse. Second was the modern, technological age, which also ended in apocalypse. The third, current age is one mainly of magic, although the lost technology from the past shows up occasionally, and the most recent books have solar powered airships. That is, sailing ships that use [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin sunlight focused]] [[{{Magitek}} through crystals]] to levitate and billow [[CoolAirship the sail.]]
* Robert Jordan's ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' series includes an effectively infinite number of these, including one explicitly described, and a second implied at the end. The series also combines this with the DawnOfAnEra: new Talents of the Power are being discovered, lost ones are being found anew, vast advances in technology are being made. The present Age is ending; a new one is beginning. One character even lampshades it upon seeing [[spoiler: a demonstration of the world's first firearm]], saying: "The world just changed in a very big way."
* ''Literature/OrkneyingaSaga'': The summer after the death of Svein Asleifarson on what was supposed to be his last viking expedition, his sons Olaf and Andres set up partition walls in Svein's great drinking hall at Gairsay. This marks the end of Viking Age customs, as people other than kings and jarls do no longer go raiding and have no longer need of drinking halls.
* In ''Literature/WolfHall'', Cromwell contemplates the end of England's age of chivalry, which he doesn't consider to be such a bad thing. He himself has argued against costly wars where the King leads his army, the banking houses of Florence and Antwerp are starting to be the ones with real power in Europe, and most displays of chivalry are now confined to tourneys and the tilting yard. This is particularly evident when the Earl of Northumberland says he can do what he likes because of his army, Cromwell threatens to take that army right from under him by having the man's creditors call in his debts all at once, and the threat works.
* The first book of ''Literature/TheTraitorSonCycle'' definitely has this feel - the Wild, once far beyond the Wall, is now commonplace within Man-controlled territories, the the once-powerful Morean Empire is growing bankrupt, and the battle of Lissen Carak, which would be little more than a skirmish just twenty years ago, is considered the most important conflict of this generation. Over time, however, as the heroes make progress, it becomes less of an end of an era, and more a beginning of a new, possibly better one.
* ''Literature/WetDesertTrackingDownATerroristOnTheColoradoRiver'': Upon having his proposal for a dam on the Snake River rejected by the bureau, Grant realized that the era of dam building in the United States was over and no new dam projects would be built.
* ''Literature/KingsOfTheWyld'': With the monster population down and the world safe, gone are the days where a few strong fighters could wander into a nearby forest, kill a bunch of monsters, and get a name for themselves. Now most of the fighting is done in arenas, and the pageantry of the mercenaries has been cranked up until the knob falls off. [[spoiler:Gabe's RousingSpeech at the end points out that the world is obviously ''not'' saved, since there's a giant horde attacking Castia]].
* Halfway through the Hell of ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'', the decline of humanity throughout the ages is visualized by a giant statue of crying old man. The tears are not water, but blood, and they don't come from the statue's eyes, but from it's many cracks. Looking at the statue's golden head, one would hardly be able to notice the tears, but looking down, the cracks in the statue become more and more pervasive as the statue's gold turns to silver, which turns to bronze, and then to iron, and finally to broken clay. From the tears of this crumbling monument to civilization comes the four rivers of Hell, which come together at [[{{Satan}} the Devil]]'s pit.
* In the ''Literature/SirAproposOfNothing'' book ''The Woad to Wuin'', part of Hecate's WeCanRuleTogether offer is the threat that if she fails, the world will sink from an age of magic, heroes, gods, and destiny into an age that's nothing but mundane. [[spoiler:Since Apropos is a CosmicPlaything who's suffered a lot of pain from all those things, he turns her down in the hope that a mundane world will be safer all around.]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* While there were already a few on ''Series/AmericasNextTopModel'', the 21st cycle brought gender inclusion full circle: the highest-ranking female contestant would finish fourth. Three men would go on to battle it out for the title.
* Creator/GeneRoddenberry's ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'' exists in a time where the great civilization known as the Commonwealth had fallen. Cynically, attempts to recreate it have so far simply resulted in corruption of power.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'' uses this lightly at the end of the Shadow War. While it emphasizes the new beginning for the younger races, there are mentions that with the passing of the Old Ones the universe [[HereThereWereDragons has lost some of its mystery and wonder]].
* Most of the PowersThatBe, and even the demons in ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' and ''Series/{{Angel}}'', are tired, and of mixed blood with humans. The True Demons left long ago. ''Series/{{Angel}}'' actually managed to interject a sense of sadness that this had happened with the character of Illyria, an Old One (the ''gods'' among the True Demons) in a FishOutOfTemporalWater role.
* ''Series/{{Cranford}}'' chronicles the end of the agricultural age in England and the coming of the Industrial Revolution, as symbolised by the railroad. Elizabeth Gaskell, who wrote the three novels the TV series was based on, also wrote a nonfiction book about this transition, called ''The Last Generation in England''; material from this was also used for the show.
* The last episode of ''Series/{{Dinosaurs}}'' brings this theme home after suggestively dancing around it for most of the series.
--> '''Earl''': Dinosaurs have been on this Earth for 150 millions years, and it's not like we're going to just... disappear.
* The destruction of [[spoiler:Zordon]] in ''Series/PowerRangersInSpace'' symbolizes this theme.
* ''Series/{{Revolution}}'' takes place 15 years after the Blackout stopped electricity from working and ended human civilization as we know it. The events of the series mark the end of the post-Blackout scavenger period where the desperate survivors tried to build a new life for themselves in a world without electricity. The young people coming of age barely remember the pre-Blackout world and new nations have formed on the ruins of the old USA.
* The [[spoiler:murder of Stringer Bell and arrest of Avon Barksdale]] in ''Series/TheWire'' marks a major changing point in the story arc. Mainly, it kickstarts the [[DarkerAndEdgier ascension of Marlo Stanfield's gang]].
* The typically much darker second series of each generation in ''Series/{{Skins}}'' is pretty much this for [[GrowingUpSucks the end of the age of teenage rebellion and innocence and the beginning of adulthood and responsibility.]] The Gen 1 finale rammed it home with the group's separation, while Gen 2 wove it through the series and addressed it on a more individual level.
* ''Series/StargateSG1'': The Stargate system is a leftover from a [[{{Precursors}} much older galactic civilization]]. Most of the dominant alien races barely understand the technology they use, and the ones who do are dying or gone. This is a type 2, as Terran humanity is implied to have potential equal to or greater than the old powers, but things will probably still keep declining for a while.
** The advent of the Tau'ri ([[PlanetTerra Terrans]]) brings about the downfall of the thousands-year reign of the Goa'uld "[[AGodAmI System Lords]]" (who arguably were a society already in decay but still held power over most of the galaxy).
* The Federation in ''Franchise/StarTrek'' is somewhat sickly by the end of ''[[Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine Deep Space Nine]]''. One of the villains in ''Film/StarTrekInsurrection'' even comments that the Borg and the Dominion attacked because they knew the Federation was decaying; however, this may just be the rantings of a NietzscheWannabe.
** Other episodes show that the Federation continues to expand and thrive centuries into the future, including having the Klingons join.
** Important to note Creator/GeneRoddenberry's ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'' was intended originally to be a Star Trek Series set long after the fall of an even greater Federation than reached at the end of ''[[Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine Deep Space Nine]]'', where the Klingons took the places of the Nietzscheans. Explains a few things.
* ''Series/UpstairsDownstairs'' depicts, through the changes in the Bellamy household, Victorian England slowly yielding to modern Britain. ''Series/DowntonAbbey'' does the same with the Crawley household.

* The Music/BlueOysterCult anthem ''Golden Age of Leather'' is about the last stand of old unrepentant Hell's Angels for whom the world has got too small, who choose to go out and die in a blaze of glory:
-->''There passed from man to man/A wanton child, too dead to care,/ That each would find his pleasure as he might;/For that fantastic night was billed/As nothing less than the '''end of an age''',/ A last crusade, a final outrage...''
* ''PuffTheMagicDragon'' is about the end of childhood innocence and imagination, [[spoiler: [[EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory not pot]]]].
* Music/IceT's "Gotta Lotta Love" is about the Watts Truce ushering in an age of peace.
-->''Woke up the other morning. I heard a rumor. They said the gang wars was over...''
* The song "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles, which relates to [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the replacement of Radio]] as the national medium. In an interesting side note the music video was the first one to ever be played on Creator/{{MTV}}. In producer/composer Trevor Horn's own words, he felt that "an era was about to pass".
* [[Music/TheEagles Don Henley's]] "End of the Innocence" and "Boys of Summer".
* The Music/BruceSpringsteen song ''The River'' is about a man who steadily has to give up his dreams and face the realities and responsibilities of life, with the eponymous river symbolic of those dreams.
--> ''But I remember us riding in my brother's car,/ Her body tan and wet down at the reservoir/ At night on them banks I'd lie awake and pull her close just to feel each breath she'd take./ Now those memories come back to haunt me/ They haunt me like a curse/ Is a dream a lie if it don't come true?/ Or is it something worse?''
* UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHipHop starting around the very late nineties into the early oughties.
* Music/KurtCobain's suicide is considered to have hastened the end of the {{Grunge}} era. (Generally speaking, 1996 was the last year of grunge.)
* The rise of PunkRock was the beginning of the end of ProgressiveRock.
* The Disco Demolition Night of 1979 ended {{disco}}'s brief dominance in music that had been popularized with Film/SaturdayNightFever, coinciding with DeaderThanDisco.
* The biggest symbol of the rise of the "teenybopper", meaning a separate class of people defined by teenagers moving away from their parents' culture, was the time when Music/FrankSinatra became the very first musical teen idol. Ol' Blue Eyes was the first music star to elicit screams from moonstruck teenaged girls, copious copying from teen boys eager to mimic their new idol, and disgust from the older generation toward the skinny Italian who was causing all this commotion. Sinatra's rise to fame thus marked the end of the era where there were no defined generations, pop culturally speaking.
* The album ''Music/QueenOfTheWave'' depicts the downfall of {{Atlantis}} and the loss of their advanced knowledge, due to the Atlanteans' own corruption and the machinations of an evil wizard.
* Music/{{Sabaton}}'s song ''Shiroyama'' combines this with LastStand to cover the fall of the {{samurai}} and the end of [[UsefulNotes/FeudalJapan Japanese feudalism]]. The song itself is about the bravery of the last samurai in the face of the CurbStompBattle they were on the receiving end of. The 500 Satsuma samurai are outnumbered 60:1 and armed with swords against Imperial guns - the fact that they even survive until dawn is impressive.
-->''Imperial force defied, facing 500 samurai\\
Surrounded and outnumbered\\
60 to 1, the sword face the gun\\
Bushido dignified\\
It's the last stand of the samurai\\
Surrounded and outnumbered\\
Until the dawn they hold on\\
Only 40 are left at the end\\
None alive, none survive\\

[[folder:Mythology and Religion]]
* ''Literature/TheBible'' has several examples:
** The loss of a "GoldenAge" in this case is the "fall of man", and being cursed with sin, suffering, and death.
** Both destructions of Jerusalem are this for the Jews.
** Similar to Ovid, the Book of Daniel compares the four ancient empires around the Mediterranean (which reigned over the Israelites) area to metals: Babylon is gold, Media is silver, Persia is bronze, and Greece/Macedonia is iron. (Some interpretations have it Babylon, Persia, Greece/Macedonia, and Rome.)
** According to some interpretations, inverted in Revelation, where the result of the FinalBattle between {{God}} and {{Satan}} will result in the DawnOfAnEra that restores humanity to its former glory.
* Dharmic religions (mainly, but not limited to, Hinduism and Buddhism) has the Wheel of Time, with ages beginning and ending in perpetuity like the seasons. An age typically come to an end due to evilness (WorldHalfFull or goodness) of men have exceeded the threshold of that age. Sages usually see the current age as part of a long decline in morality, and claim that the old time was better, but the better time had to go because people lost righteousness and began to misrule the world. With the ending of the age of wisdom, people also lost superhuman powers, lifespan, and the capacity for morality.
* The Trojan War is often believed to be the event that put an end to the Heroic Age of Myth/ClassicalMythology.
* The concluding [[Myth/KingArthur Arthurial]] myths, depicting the fall of the King's forces to foreign invaders and disappearance of Merlin. Not very surprising, as they initially emerged as patriotic tales by Britons who were fighting the Anglo-Saxon invasion - and eventually lost, effectively TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt for them.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' by FASA adapted the idea of different Worlds or Cycles from the Mayan calendar. The Sixth World started in 2011 with the renewed rise of magic (our own magicless world was the Fifth Age), but there had been previous ages, many thousands of years ago, where magic was far stronger, strong enough that everyone could do magic and Horrors from Another Dimension had broken through and walked the Earth. This was the setting of ''TabletopGame/{{Earthdawn}}'', another TabletopRPG by FASA.
** Later, they expanded this concept into the future, with a new RPG set in the Eighth World.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}'' is another TabletopRPG example. The world had an incredibly advanced state of magical technology in the First Age, when the godlike Solars ruled over everything. Then their servants rebelled, replacing their system with the less-advanced Shogunate. Unable to maintain the Solars' technology, they've slowly lapsed into more and more primitive societies, aided by a massive plague and an invasion of the chaos beyond the boundaries of reality.
** Of course the First Age takes place directly after the Primordial War, which culminated in the Three Spheres Cataclysm, which [[RetGone retgoned]] nine-tenths of Creation right down to erasing existential concepts and possibilities. [[UnreliableNarrator Those outside Creation at the time (Fair Folk, etc.)]] describe the High First Age as a "tiny, burnt-out remnant" of what Creation used to be.
*** The exact principles behind the decline are detailed [[http://nobilis.me/quotes:decline-and-fall-of-the-age-of-dreams here]].
** Besides, the present Second Age is basically Celestial Exalted - free. Which are, to remind, powers to topple gods and primordials. So by generating a Solar (or Lunar, Infernal and whatever else splat you fancy) for a campaign you are heralding the end of said Second Age, right here.
* Most of White Wolf's earlier RPG, the ''TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness'', had a sense of Gotterdammerung. For instance, ''TabletopGame/MageTheAscension'' had a group of magi called The Technocracy using [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve the power of belief]] to erase the fantastic from existence. ''TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming'' was probably the worst, though; the period of fae influence on the Earth was described in terms of seasons, from "Spring", when myth was vivid and the fae interacted fully with humans, to "Winter", when the Dreaming is mostly cut off from Earth and everything fantastical withers and dies. And most of the game takes place in Autumn...
** And now, in ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening'', we have the fact that, in the time before history, there was a great civilization of all-powerful mages (Atlantis) who, through their [[AndManGrewProud hubris]], brought about the creation of the Abyss (a great gulf of anti-reality between this world and the higher "Supernal" world), which led to the destruction of Atlantis, the scattering of mages, the loss of much magical lore and artifacts, and the general weakening of magic. Things have been getting worse ever since.
** Similarly, in ''TabletopGame/WerewolfTheForsaken'' the [[OurWerewolvesAreDifferent Uratha]] believe the Material World and the Spirit World used to be one, until the death of their great ancestor Father Wolf tore it apart. Despite not technically being a "paradise" (depending on who you ask), the general consensus seems to be that everyone's worse off for it.
** ''TabletopGame/VampireTheRequiem'' has its own example in the [[MythologyGag Camarilla]], the vampiric government of the Roman Empire. It wasn't perfect, but it was the one time when there was an overreaching body of vampiric politics that oversaw the span of the "known world"... and it fell when Rome did, making modern vampiric politics almost entirely local with occasional feuds between covenants.
** TabletopGame/VampireTheMasquerade: Enoch, the First City, where vampires and humans coexisted.
** TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse lore states that the Weaver, the Wyrm and the Wyld worked in harmony at one point until the Weaver ensnared the Wyrm and the latter went mad and hellbent on destroying the world from within.
** TabletopGame/DemonTheFallen: the titular Fallen know that they were better off before...erm, the Fall. To the best of their less-then-perfect memory, everyone else around was better off, too.
** Ironically, the fact that every other splat's having its Dark Age makes ''now'' the Golden Age for Hunters. They might not readily agree, but imagine them trying vampire hunt in Enoch or witch hunt in Atlantis, and you get the idea.
* Naturally, this trope is seen in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'':
** ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' featured the imperfect but relatively idyllic continent-spanning (in theory) Kingdom of Galifar, which allowed slow yet steady improvements in sapient rights, {{Magitek}}, concepts of justice, and educational standards... until finally an ascension dispute broke out and the five provinces collapsed into over a dozen warring states over the course of a hundred years. When the dust finally cleared, nationalism, distrust, and cynicism ran high. Many of Galifar's achievements remained, but not the optimistic outlook that allowed them in the first place. For those not paying attention, it's UsefulNotes/WorldWarI in fantasy-land.
** In ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms'', ancient Netheril was a highly developed [[TheMagocracy magocracy]] where even servants used minor magics, Magitek was used routinely and most main cities were made of mountaintops cut off, overturned and [[FloatingContinent enchanted to float]]. When all magic across the world "turned off" for a short while, the empire fell -- literally. The same event damaged the 'Weave' which supports all magic on Toril, so the goddess who guards it curtailed access to prevent more damage and the greatest spells of old Netheril just ''don't work'' anymore. Now even their minor artifacts are guarded jealously by new owners.
*** Also, subverted by the epoch of Myth Dranor. It's known as a lost Golden Age (magical Renaissance and goodwill festival). But with all its wonders, it wasn't completely idyllic, nor was its technology ''absolutely'' superior -- for example, some Myth Drannan magic items are vulnerable to [[PhlebotinumOverload explosive overload]], while modern counterparts aren't. As well, the end of the age led to a proliferation of the arts.
** The default "TabletopGame/NentirVale" setting of 4th Edition takes place 100 years after the collapse of Nerath, the last great human empire. Towns and villages are pretty much states unto themselves and there's no central government, so the heroes are usually all that stand between a community and the dangers of the wilderness. The history of the setting also has other collapsed empires, making the rise and fall of nations cyclical.
** The last book of the 3.5 edition was 'Elder Evils', which introduced various [[EldritchAbomination Elder Evils]] capable of [[ApocalypseHow wiping out whole campaign worlds]]-or at the very least, [[NothingIsTheSameAnymore radically altering them]]. [[WordOfGod According to interviews]], the idea was to give players the option of wiping out/changing their old campaign worlds to make one more compatible to the new system.
* In ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'', the ''Time Spiral'' block concluded with almost all of the original, godlike planeswalkers dying or becoming human to save TheMultiverse, and more limited, mortal planeswalkers rising to take their place.
* The End Times of ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}''; [[TheBadGuyWins the Old World was completely destroyed]], with almost all the characters slain in the final battle against Chaos (with only a small spark recovered by Sigmar to create [[TabletopGame/WarhammerAgeOfSigmar a new set of realms]]). Out of universe, Games Workshop used the End Times as a sendoff for ''Warhammer Fantasy'', concluding the story to make way for ''Age of Sigmar''. [[BrokenBase Fan reactions were mixed]], to say the least.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' has the Dark (or Golden, if you ask the [[MachineCult Adeptus Mechanicus]]) Age of Technology, when mankind first colonized other planets and created amazing technological advancements. Most of the fanciest stuff used by the Imperium are barely-understood and often nearly irreplaceable relics of this time.
** The general underlying theme of humanity in 40k is that it is doomed to die a long, slow death from not only its own beliefs but also the vast hordes of unimaginably strong aliens, traitors and daemons. But that is very far away and right now has lots of explosions and chainsaws.
** For a specific point, the Horus Heresy killed the Emperor's dream of a unified, secular human empire, plunging the Imperium into the theocratic CrapsackWorld is is today.
** The Eldar are no better off - most of their greatest achievements came before the Fall. It's unclear in their case, however, how much this comes from loss of knowledge or lack of the resources required to put that knowledge to use. The Eldar are rather deep into this twilight. The only real consolation that the Eldar have is the growing strength of a new god to replace their dead pantheon, a god of the dead that grows stronger with each slain Eldar. Essentially, he will reach such great power when the last Eldar dies that he will be able to kill Slaanesh... but all the Eldar will still be dead.
* ''TabletopGame/GammaWorld'' [[TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons D20]], the DarkerAndEdgier version of the setting, has some feel of this. Humanity had advanced science to an incredible degree, with robotics, bio-tech, genetic engineering and nanotechnology not merely possible, but ''commercially available'' -- that's right, you could create your own life-form in your living room, and do it legally. Then came the catastrophe, and, well, most people barely know how to build crossbows and forge swords, or maintain old-fashion slug-thrower type guns, never-mind create technology that manipulates matter on the atomic level, maintain robots with human (or greater) levels of intelligence, or design whole new lifeforms from scratch.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Witchcraft}}''. The future iteration ''Armageddon'' deals with...well, Armageddon. Though instead of what everyone expected (The Old Gods vs. the Fallen Angels vs. The Heavenly Host with mortal and immortal creature caught between them), an EldritchAbomination came in and waged war on everyone--and it's '''winning''', forcing the groups to team up or die.
* ''TabletopGame/SecretsOfTheThirdReich'' has this as a backdrop for the setting. Albeit the world is slowly turning more and more into this as WorldWarII drags on and on.

* A heartbreaking moment towards the end of ''Theatre/DirtyRottenScoundrels''. The main characters realize that as thrilling and exciting as their adventures and lifestyles were, they have to accept the fact that they're over and they need to move on. [[spoiler: Or do they? The show ends on a high note.]]
-->[We] must accept the con is done,
-->But now and then you may recall,
-->the moments when you had it all.
-->You had the charm, you had the talent--
-->and by god, you had some fun.
-->It was a ball, it was a blast,
-->and it's a shame it couldn't last,
-->but every chapters got to end you must agree!
* ''Theatre/SpringAwakening'' is this in spades.
* Music/RichardWagner's opera cycle ''Theatre/DerRingDesNibelungen'' chronicles the end of an age. In ''Das Rheingold'' Wotan is warned that a dark day is dawning for the gods. By the end of ''Siegfried'', Wotan's power has been broken by the destruction of his spear and also the last of the giants is dead. In ''Götterdämmerung'' the gods are finally destroyed, the dwarf Alberich who made the ring of power can only appear in his son's dreams and the ring itself is cleansed by fire and returned to the Rhine from which it came. Humanity are left alone in the world to make their own fate free of the corruption of supernatural beings.
* ''Theatre/{{Hair}}'' is considered the end-marker of the golden age of musicals that began with ''Theatre/{{Oklahoma}}''.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* The backstory of ''VideoGame/ArcanumOfSteamworksAndMagickObscura'' has both magic and technology being far more powerful 2000 years ago, in the time called the Age of Legends. In the present, Arcanum is undergoing an industrial revolution which is clashing with its history that was largely ruled by magic over the millenia. The two being [[MagicVersusScience fundamentally incompatible]] isn't helping matters.
* ''VideoGame/AsurasWrath'' [[spoiler: Has the final ending VIA DLC be the end of an Era for the Shinkoku Race.]]
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIVBlackFlag'' features the end of UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfPiracy as a major part of the story, and Edward's CharacterArc. As the events of the game progress, Edward witnesses as each of his fellow pirate captains die off one by one, and their "pirate republic" in Nassau is overtaken by the British Navy, until Edward is the only one left, [[spoiler: driving him to abandon the pirate lifestyle for the Assassin Order]]. This bittersweet line of dialogue in the game's last scene sums it up quite well:
--> '''[[spoiler: Jenny]]:''' (excited) Do you think we'll see any pirates?
--> '''Edward:''' (sadly) No... There's not much chance of that anymore.
* The storyline of ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight'' deals with this, as it opens with the line "This is how it happened. This... is how [[spoiler:the Batman died.]]" Batman himself recognizes this, as a major part of the end of the Riddler and Penguin side-quests is Batman making it clear that this will be the last time he'll see ComicBook/{{Catwoman}} and ComicBook/{{Nightwing}}, respectively, even if you complete those sidequests before the finale of the main plot, which [[spoiler: ends with his identity as Bruce Wayne outed to the world, and Wayne Manor blowing up, seemingly with Bruce and Alfred in it]].
* The storyline of ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger'' features this. A long time ago, there was the Kingdom of Zeal, inhabited by people with incredible knowledge and powers, and all of this is absent in all subsequent epochs.
* In ''VideoGame/DarkSouls'', the Age of Flame was brought about by the Lord Soul's triumph over the dragons, and is currently fading into nothingness. The player's mission, eventually, is to Link the First Flame and allow the age to continue. [[spoiler: If the serpent Kaathe is to be believed, this is to the detriment of mankind as a whole, as Lord Gwyn's torturous and futile persistence as the fuel of the flame is delaying the Age of Dark, which might be mankind's golden age, to the benefit of the gods. Upon defeating Gwyn, the player may choose to take his place and prolong the Flame for a while longer or begin the Age of Dark.]]
* In the trailer for ''VideoGame/DragonAgeII'', Flemeth mentions that those who face destiny head on and seize control of it are the ones who change the world forever. By the end of the game, Hawke's personal rise to power and the choices he/she makes do change the status quo. For better or for worse, the uneasy stalemate between [[spoiler:Mages and those who would suppress them]] has been shattered by Hawke's actions, and the world stands on the edge of ruin or a new age.
* ''VideoGame/DwarfFortress'' starts with a golden age of legends, which gradually gets worse as great civilizations are destroyed by such disasters as carp, kamikaze elves, overpopulation of cats, nobles,...
** Development marches on -- as early as .14, it takes the efforts of Fortresses and Adventurers to go from Age of Myth to Age of Legends, and then to Age of Heroes, an effort which involves slaying the humongous rampaging beasts. v.21 introduced a class of Night Beasts to be slain before all fantastical creatures could be considered extinct.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind Morrowind]]'' marks the end of the way of life for the [[OurElvesAreBetter Dunmer (Dark Elf)]] people as it had been for the previous 4000 years. By the end of the main quest and the ''Tribunal'' expansion, the Tribunal (a trio of [[DeityOfHumanOrigin ascended]] Dunmeri {{Physical God}}s) have lost their power [[spoiler:and two are dead]]. As later works reveal, events (both natural and supernatural) over the following centuries devastate the Dunmer people, making them the heaviest-suffering race during the 4th Era.
** ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIVOblivion Oblivion]]'', though it ends on [[BittersweetEnding a somewhat hopeful note]], marks the end of the 500 year-old Septim Dynasty and with it, the 3rd Era of Tamriellic history. As later works reveal, the 4th Era is one of extreme strife and turmoil compared to the relative peace of the 3rd Era.
** ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]'''s ''Dragonborn'' DLC offers a smaller-scale example. On Solstheim, there is only one silt strider remaining. Its caretaker explains that when Red Mountain exploded, [[KillEmAll almost all of them were wiped out]]. [[DyingRace Now, they are extremely rare]] and the one the player encounters is one that happened to be discovered by chance, protected in a cave and is now dying of old age. For players used to ''Morrowind'' and the almost ubiquitous use of silt striders as a form of transportation, [[PlayerPunch this can come as a huge shock]].
* The collapse of ''VideoGame/EveOnline'''s titular Eve Gate, a reinforcing mechanism to a naturally occurring wormhole between two galaxies, caused one in the game's backstory. It has been at least 10000 years since then, and the various empires formed from the colonists stranded in New Eden are only now starting to get back up to tech levels remotely approaching what they had before. [[note]]To put this in perspective: manufacturing military starships in a few hours, casual FTL, universally-compatible modular starship equipment, and weapons systems capable of causing planetary mass extinction events ''at a whim'' are considered Tech Level I. Variants of the above constructed with exotic minerals and hyper-specialized components are considered Tech Level II. Fully modular, rapidly-reconfigurable starships based on the technology of several long-dead but highly advanced human civilizations are Tech Level III. Pre-collapse Terran technology is reckoned to be ''Tech Level X.''[[/note]]
* ''VideoGame/EvolutionTheWorldOfSacredDevice'' as set in a world where humanity was only just reaching modern-day standards however there were ruins left behind with powerful artifacts remaining. A couple of the characters wield said devices as weapons.
** The sequel elaborates. And by elaborates, we mean [[spoiler: reveals that Linear is one half of the instruments that wiped the previous civilization out, and the other half has just convinced her to come along to do it all over again. ThePowerOfLove prevents this.]]
* ''Videogame/FableTheJourney'' marks the end of the Heroic bloodlines and with them the Age of Heroes. [[spoiler:However, Gabriel's victory over the Corrupter heralds the [[DawnOfAnEra dawn of a new age where heroes are not born, but made.]]]]
* ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' shows that the world of ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' (at least in the west coast) is no longer a radioactive ScavengerWorld, but starting to rebuild itself into a new civilization.
** Arcade Gannon's companion quest takes this in a different direction. It shows the [[TheRemnant Enclave Remnants]], a [[BadassGrandpa retirement-age]] squad of former Enclave soldiers. The Enclave were the BigBad of ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 2}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'', and were, quoth Arcade, "a Fascist paramilitary organization." They were also the descendants of the pre-war United States government and elites, and considered themselves the last vestige of real America. [[KnightInSourArmor Orion Moreno]] tells the story of the evacuation of Navarro, the last Enclave base, a few years after the destruction of the main off-shore base that ends ''Fallout 2,'' saying, "Kiss America goodbye, boys and girls." And it's true; the Enclave are the last organization that existed before the nuclear war, even if they did so in secret.
** This also applies to the Mojave chapter of the Brotherhood of Steel, and possibly the entire west coast Brotherhood by proxy. The same group that helped you destroy the Master in the first game, stop the Enclave in the second, and preserved a lot of nifty weapons technology gets nuked if half the factions get their way, and the other two aren't particularly keen on preserving the shrunken remnant hiding in a pre-war bunker, either. It's mostly their own fault, but that doesn't make it any less difficult for most players.
* ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' shows this, as the power behind her basic spells used by the servant Caster (who lived in the Age of Gods from the Ancient Greek legends) would take a modern-day magi around a month of to accomplish, and her multi-word spells are seen as bordering 'True Sorcery' or a miracle. She casts in one word spells that would take an excellent magus around a full minute of casting.
** On the other hand, what counted as a True Magic in her day is now common practice as the science of magecraft has advanced. There are less magicians now simply because people have been discovering the principles behind the old Magics and reproducing them. As such, it's actually a bit of a trade off because the likes of Caster could not hope to really match someone like Zelretch and his... well, Zelretch Kaleidoscope/Sword. In fact, Caster appears amazed at the sheer potential Sakura possesses in ''[[VisualNovel/FateHollowAtaraxia Fate/hollow ataraxia]].'' The verdict? Caster is a ''cheater'' for being able to use her divine casting language.
** It should be noted in the Franchise/{{Nasuverse}}, while '''magic''' has steadily decreased in power, '''magical creatures''' have NOT. Vampires, in fact, tend to get much more powerful (but much less sane) with age. The most powerful of the Dead Apostle Ancestors are by no coincidence also the oldest.
* Several of the ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' games:
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI'' ends with the death of the last Espers and the fading of magic... not to mention the entire world being a scarred ruin of what it used to be, although ''that'' happened at the game's halfway point.
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyX'' ends with [[spoiler:the end of the thousand-year oppression of Sin. While on the whole this was a very good thing, as people didn't have to worry about their towns being wiped out if they exhibited too much technological advancement (or sometimes just at random), the Fayth had to sacrifice themselves to allow this to happen, meaning the powerful magic of summoning was lost forever]].
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXII'' saw the end of the [[spoiler:rule of its so-called "gods" Occuria]]. This left mankind able to determine their destiny from now on. [[spoiler:Strangely enough, it was the goal of the BigBad all along, and he succeeded]].
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIII'' sees [[spoiler:the end of the fal'Cie, who had ruled over Cocoon for a very long time.]] Like the above examples, this too left humanity free from supernatural forces. While it should have meant the end of magic since only l'Cie could cast magic, the sequel, ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIII2'' may prove this to not be the case.
*** XIII-2 results in the [[spoiler:destruction of Pulse]]. XIII-3 results in the destruction of [[spoiler:BELHEUZE]]. Which is even more epic than the first two games combined.
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIV'' - the ''original'', not the remake - ended very much with a bang, as Bahamut levied its powers against the Eorzean civilizations, resulting in the end of the Sixth Astral Era.
* In ''VideoGame/GodOfWarIII'', Kratos finally and [[KillTheGod personally]] ends the reign of the Greek pantheon and [[VideoGame/GodOfWarPS4 Greece as a setting]].
* The ''VideoGame/GoldenSun'' series has this, done on purpose by mankind. The two major options are a world brimming full of magical alchemy but with the potential of evil people going on a dictator spree, or cutting off the source of alchemy which results in the world slowly dying over the course of millennia.
* This seems to be a running theme in ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV'' and one of its sidestories. [[spoiler:Most of Niko Bellic's employers are either dead or in prison by the end of the game, and he is told repeatedly that with the feds closing in, organized crime as they know it is on its last legs. "The Lost and Damned" sees the dissolution of the Lost MC, and hardcore, all-American biker gangs in general.]]
* At the end of ''VideoGame/TheJediMasters'', the death of or victory by the GreaterScopeVillain of the KOTOR series ends the KOTOR era. If the BigBad wins, [[spoiler:the galaxy is consumed or conquered by the D'arth Syyth]]. Otherwise, the death of the BigBad and [[spoiler:Freedon Nadd's ghost]] broke the Sith so thoroughly that they will not be able to rise again for a long time.
* In ''VideoGame/LegendOfLegaia'', you've defeated the BigBad, freed the world from the clutches of the Mist, and brought peace to Legaia. However, [[spoiler: the Seru-kai is dead, your Ra-Seru have given their lives to save Rim Elm, and according to Dr. Usha, most Seru will die off in the next year, possibly bringing Legaia back to the stone age.]] But human spirit is strong and there is hope with people to follow the heroes and carry out Tieg's will.
* Behind the cheery cartoony graphics, this was the theme of ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaTheWindWaker'' -- the end of the era of [[spoiler:the war between Hyrule and Ganondorf]], with both of them in the end lying crumbling and forgotten, slowly eroding to nothing by the unending force of the waves, all their magic departed and memory forgotten.
* In ''VideoGame/LunarTheSilverStar'', it is declared at the game's finale that the age of magic has ended and shall be replaced with an era of technological advancement. Make way for ''SteamPunk''! [[VideoGame/LunarEternalBlue The sequel]] reveals that a thousand years later magic is still around, but fewer people can use it and it has to coexist with advanced technology instead of being the dominant power in the world.
* ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'' has this trope connected with DawnOfAnEra. The game consists of Shepard cleaning house and tying up all kinds of galactic-scale loose ends in preparation for the final battle against the civilization destroying Reapers. It's possible to cure the thousand-year DepopulationBomb inflicted on the krogan, and the centuries-long animosity between the quarians and the geth will come to a head one way or another. The endings of the game either result in Shepard taking control over the Reapers, him destroying the Reapers or causing organic and synthetic live to merge together. Two of the three endings result in the Reapers turning into some sort of benevolent guardians, but the overall result is that the galaxy is now free of the Reaper threat, allowing civilizations to flourish without being destroyed after reaching a certain point in their development.
* ''VideoGame/MightAndMagic 7'' reveals that the Silence mentioned throughout this and the previous game was exactly this, if you complete the "good" path.
** ''Might & Magic 6'' and ''8'' make it clear that a) this was closer to a full-blown AfterTheEnd, although with some added disasters thrown in to help it to that state, and b) this happened to many, many more worlds than just this one.
* ''VideoGame/PhantasyStarII: At The End Of The Lost Age''. The subtitle is not just for show. [[spoiler: At the end of the game, Mother Brain has been destroyed, destroying the technological civilization of the Algo system and sending Mota into a technological dark age. As for Palm, the throneworld of the system? [[EarthShatteringKaboom It went away]] in the middle of the game.]]
* ''VideoGame/RaidouKuzunohaVsTheSoullessArmy'' takes place during the time period where Japan was furiously modernizing into the 20th century, yet hadn't left behind the old world yet completely. This gives the game a very unique flavor and appearance. There's one important mission involving a vengeful rickshaw puller who's out of work because of automobiles, for a start.
* ''VideoGame/RedDeadRedemption'' takes place in 1911, in the final years of the Wild West. The encroachment of Federal control is a major theme in the third act. All of which is foreshadowed during the opening cinematic, when John Marston gets off a ferry at the same time as a brand-new automobile is being unloaded[[note]]Recalling a similar scene in Film/TheWildBunch[[/note]], before he boards a train, all in order to reach a place where horses are still the primary means of transport.
* ''VideoGame/SkiesOfArcadia'' had six ancient civilizations which were all nearly wiped out in a massive meteor storm. One of those civilizations were AbusivePrecursors. [[spoiler:The BigBad's goal is to harness that power and bring an end to the current era.]]
* ''VideoGame/StarcraftIILegacyOfTheVoid'' ends with this for the Protoss, as the Khala, [[spoiler:a tool of enslavement devised by the Xel'Naga who uplifted them, is abandoned]] and [[spoiler:the Purifiers (robots) gain status as equals in Protoss society]].
* The ''VideoGame/{{Suikoden}}'' series had the Sindar, a highly advanced civilization that has ruins left all over the world. Not much is known about them, or why they fell.
** The legends say that their leader was the bearer of a True Rune, the Rune of Change, which ''compelled'' them constantly abandon their civilization and reestablish it elsewhere, hence the ubiquity of Sindar ruins. Which might mean that the Sindar still exist somewhere, but unless Konami revives the series we'll never find out.
* The end of ''VideoGame/TalesOfVesperia'' had the protagonists forced to destroy all blastia, a material people are dependent on for magic and everyday life, in order to prevent the world's destruction. However, the tradeoff is that they create Mana and Summon Spirits.
* After the hero defeats Typhon in ''VideoGame/TitanQuest'', all the greek gods (and presumably the egyptian and chinese too) leave the world behind, ending the age of gods... and beginning the age of man.
* Some of the entries in the ''VideoGame/TotalWar'' series involve the end of certain eras in history, whether it's the twilight of Rome in ''[[VideoGame/RomeTotalWar Barbarian Invasion]]'' or the Meiji Restoration in ''[[VideoGame/TotalWarShogun2 Fall of the Samurai]].''
* The entirety of ''VideoGame/TotalWarShogun2 : Fall of the Samurai'' is the end of the samurai reign in Japan, as Westernization marches in and the old ways are no longer viable in facing the foreign threats. Bye bye swords, welcome [[MoreDakka Gatling guns]]. You can be one of the Shogunate clans and try to preserve the regime, but no matter how you achieve that, the old days are over. See also the Japan entry in the RealLife, below.
** You can take this UpToEleven-- you can declare that Japan doesn't need either Shogun nor Emperor, and turn the land ruled by your clan into an independent Republic. [[EnemyMine Be prepared for the onslaught, though]]. Historically, only Satsuma Domain and Republic of Ezo attempted it. They ended ''very'' badly.
** In the ''Medieval II: Americas'' expansion, this is a subtle overlying theme if you play as one of the Mesoamerican factions, like the Aztecs or the Mayans. You ''could'' completely change history and prevent European colonisation, but things definitely wouldn't be the same for these factions ever again...
*** And the ''Teutonic'' expansion campaign details the last remaining pagan people of Europe, the Lithuanians, and their grim war for survival in the face of relentless Christian expansionism. Converting provides a number of powerful bonuses such as access to knights, cannons and arquebus, but clinging to the GoodOldWays is possible.
** ''VideoGame/EmpireTotalWar'' marks the beginning of UsefulNotes/TheEnlightenment at the year 1700, as the petty kingdoms of feudal Europe have become a distant memory and many of them seek to become vast, intercontinental empires. The opposite is true for the Mughals, who have controlled nearly all of India for centuries but now have outdated armies and an incompetent ruler, and they usually get steamrolled by the Maratha Confederacy or by UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire. The last remaining free native American nations find themselves surrounded by European colonists and lack the numbers and technology to fight back and prevent the take-over. Portugal is reduced to a struggling VestigialEmpire as the once-backwards nations of Britain and France politically unite and technologically catch up, and Poland-Lithuania, an ancient Eastern-European kingdom famed for the Winged Hussars, will likely fall to the imperialist ambitions of their Prussian neighbours to the west.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'': Gensokyo is a last-ditch attempt to preserve the existence of the supernaturals. The supernaturals begin to fade from this world as technology arose and humankind no longer believe in the fantastic. This theme is played heavily in ''Touhou 10: Mountain of Faith''.
** In the manga ''Wild And Horned Hermit'', the subject is brought up again. Even within Gensokyo, the old ways are starting to fade. Youkai are starting to no longer be feared, unknown entities, but are acting more like occasionally dangerous eccentrics.
* ''VideoGame/TransformersWarForCybertron'' sees the collapse of Cybertronian society as Megatron assassinates Sentinel Prime and corrupts the planet, forcing most of the population to flee to outer space.
* Shown in detail in ''VideoGame/TransformersFallOfCybertron'', which basically consists of rats biting each other as they flee a sinking ship. The transformers have gone from immortal masters of technology to another pack of violent refugees.
* ''VideoGame/VandalHearts'' mentions an ancient, technologically advanced civilization in passing, that's where the train comes from. Vandal Hearts II's world [[spoiler: is actually a post apocalyptic wasteland]].
* Pretty much the standard ending of the ''VideoGame/WorldOfMana'' series is the destruction of the Mana Tree and the loss of the world's magic, until the new Tree (grown from the ruins of the old) is ready (in about a millennium or so).
** This is universally presented as a good thing, or at least preferable to the alternative. With the exception of ''VideoGame/SecretOfMana'', aka Secret of Mana.
*** In addition, ''VideoGame/LegendOfMana'' eventually reveals the artificer's purpose: [[spoiler: the revival of the Mana Tree.]] Complicated somewhat by the fact that [[spoiler: the previous Mana Tree burned to ash as an indirect result of the Mana Goddess being unable to contain her SuperPoweredEvilSide.]]
* In ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', at the end of the ''Cataclysm'' expansion, [[spoiler: the Dragon Aspects tell you that they have forfeited their powers in their efforts to destroy Deathwing, and now walk among you as (sterile) mortals.]]
* The apocalyptic Terran/Argon war in ''[[Videogame/{{X}} X3: Albion Prelude]]'' caused the [[{{Precursors}} Ancients]] to shut down the X-Universe's [[PortalNetwork gate system]] to prevent the races from wiping each other with [[RobotWar artificially intelligent warships]] (also because the war was diverting forces that had previously kept the wild AI race, the Xenon, in check; the Ancients specifically called it a firebreak). They did not do so lightly, knowing full well that the shutdown would and did effectively destroy galactic civilization, [[LostColony isolating every colony]] and all the races from each other, including allies. ''Videogame/XRebirth'' takes place several decades later, and things still haven't gotten better for most systems, with the [[ScavengerWorld hulks of the warships from the war being used as power sources]] by isolated colonies.
* ''VideoGame/{{Ys}}'', the seemingly trendful paradise, pulled from the height of its prosperity into the abyss of infinite isolation. How could such a land simply vanish from the face of the earth?"
** The real Gotterdammerung in that series happened when [[WingedHumanoid the Eldeen civilization]] got submerged in water due to [[spoiler:humans' trying to control WeatherControlMachine for their own ends]]. Comparatively, the titular Ys was a minor case as [[spoiler:it was a small empire built by the two survivors of the Eldeen civilization with the power of [[ArtifactOfDoom the Black Pearl]].]]
* The world of Enroth, the setting of quite a few of the ''Videogame/MightAndMagic'' and ''Videogame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'' games, is destroyed in the intro to the fourth Heroes game when two incredibly powerful swords collide, an event that is built up throughout the third game and its expansions. The theme of the fourth game is [[DawnOfAnEra rebuilding and rising from the ashes]] with each campaign revolving around attempts to build new lives on a different and unfamiliar world. This had a bit of real-life subtext, since Heroes IV and its expansions would be the last games 3DO produced before it went under and the franchise was bought by Ubisoft.
* ''VideoGame/SonicAndTheBlackKnight'' has this being the reason for Merlina's FaceHeelTurn as she refuses to let Camelot fall and seeks to entrap it and the world around it in stasis. Sonic is adamantly opposed to the idea and has to battle her as [[SuperMode Excalibur Sonic]] to get it through to her.
* Occasionally discussed throughout the ''Franchise/MetalGear'' series, with characters predicting the end of the "age of heroes" as warfare becomes increasingly mechanized and a SuperSoldier like Snake starts to become a thing of the past.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Linburger'', the Cyll were once were the typical OurElvesAreBetter, with long lives and high class. Unfortunately, some strange, catalclysmic event happened in the distant past, stripping the Cyll of their long lives, and now they live in slums with the other DemiHuman races.
* In ''WebComic/{{Yosh}}'', the magic in the world was sealed away in the distant past after the Magi abused it and were beaten down by a unique individual who was completely immune to magic. The story begins in a world that looks much like our own, a few years after some of the sealed magic was released, causing a world-spanning magical event. The results of that event include [[CatGirl Cat Girls]], {{Talking Animal}}s, and FunctionalMagic, among other things.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''[[{{Website/YouTube}} YouTube's]]'' discontinuation of the annotation feature was this for ''{{Webvideo/The Annotated Series}}''. Their last season, which was made between march 2017 (the month in which the discontinuation of the feature was annouced) and May 7 of the same year [[Main/ScrewedByTheNetwork (the day said feature was scheduled to be removed)]] was even ''named'' ''"The End of an Era"''. They shall be dearly missed.
* ''Roleplay/OpenBlue'''s BackStory has the Iormunean Imperium, {{precursors}} (based on the Roman Empire) who were more or less the greatest civilization in the world... until they turned a blind eye to some heretics, causing their goddes to turn her back on them while they were in the middle of a war against invading barbarians.
* The first two years of ''Literature/TheQuestportChronicles'' take place in the [[CityOfAdventure millennia-old]] [[FantasyKitchenSink eponymous village]]. Then a [[FromNobodyToNightmare jealous]] [[EvilSorcerer magician]] destroys the village, and the next two years of the Chronicles are concerned with [[TheRemnant the survivors]] searching for a new home.
* ''WebVideo/ToBoldlyFlee'' discusses a lot how internet criticism is one day going to die, but in the end this is seen as cynical nonsense while "we're a family" wins out. However, with the scandal of the website in April 2018 revealing the horrific backstage mistreatments of its contributors, many contributors left the channel and it may signify the end of the era about them being the biggest pool of critics in the internet.
* ''WebOriginal/URealmsLive'', with the death of the Sun Dragon Phanto, the once peaceful Realm where Elves and High Bears were immortal and could only feel emotional pain ended, and the six Children of the Sun Gods became the source of all the Magic in the Realm, from Light to Dark.
* In the Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom timeline ''Literature/AMorePersonalUnion'', the conclusion of the Great War completely alters the course of European history, as [[spoiler: the Hapsburgs lose control of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire, while the latter also loses its northern half to Denmark and Poland.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' could be thought of as a sort of inversion; the Age that ended to become the world seen in the show is actually modern Earth. When the apocalypse happened, it apparently led to the introduction of several new species, magic, and adventure (making it seem the more wondrous of the two). But yet, episodes dealing with the setting's past give it a nostalgic and tragic feel. [[spoiler:The end of one episode set 1000 years in the future reveals that the Candy Kingdom will share this fate.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'':
** It's made clear in the second season that people are becoming increasingly less connected with the spirit world then they were in [[WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender the original series]], though the modernization of the setting has led to breakthroughs in technology, such as automobiles, radios, telephones, etc., making it somewhat bittersweet.
** The second season ends another era, [[spoiler:with the spirit world no longer separated from the human world, and the Avatar losing her memories of the Avatars before Korra]]. Quite the change.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/PeterPanAndThePirates'' episode [[OriginsIssue "First Encounter"]], Peter said that when he cut off Hook's hand (illustrated by a ScreamDiscretionShot), things in Neverland would never be the same again.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** Season 5's "Cape Feare" was the last episode by the original Simpsons writing team (e.g. Sam Simon, David Stern, Jeff Martin, Jon Vitti, Jay Kogen and Wallace Wolodarsky), most of whom left the show afterwards.
** Spoofed in the Season 10 episode "D'oh-in' In The Wind", where a couple of hippies say that the 60s ended the day they sold their VW Bus -- December 31, 1969.
** "Bart the Mother", also from Season 10, was the last Simpsons episode to use the production code "#F##", the last episode to feature Creator/PhilHartman (playing Troy [=McClure=], [[InMemoriam and a closing dedication for him]]), and also the last full-length Simpsons episode written by David S. Cohen (his last Simpsons work was the "Treehouse of Horror IX" story "Starship Poopers"), who became executive producer and head writer for ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' and adopted the name "David X. Cohen" there.
** Season 14's "Helter Shelter" was the final episode aired to be animated with cels before transitioning to digital ink and paint.
** Season 20's "Lisa the Drama Queen" was the last episode to air in standard definition and feature the classic opening sequence used since season 2, before switching to high definition and introducing a brand new opening sequence.
* The Creator/AardmanAnimations short ''Stage Fright'' is about a stage performer struggling to get by as his assistant leaves to star in moving pictures.
* Within the context of Creator/CartoonNetwork it can be said that ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddysBigPictureShow'' was not only the end of ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'' but also the end of the classic Cartoon Cartoons era as a whole, ending a run that had started more than 10 years before. A JohnnyBravo film seeing him going to Bollywood which wrapped up his series premiered two years later in 2011, which is seen simply either as a hidden parting gift or a throwback of the era as the film's existence is not that well known and the Bollywood influence overshadows the Cartoon Cartoon "style".
** WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy is also the last major cartoon show to use traditional hand drawn animation. The 2004 SeriesFauxnale 'Take This Ed And Shove It' can be considered the last time traditional hand drawn animation was used in such a product before the show itself switched to digital.
* The (final) cancellation of ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeagueUnlimited'' marked the end of the Franchise/DCAnimatedUniverse that had been a staple of cartoon programming since 1992.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' marked the end of the Franchise/MyLittlePony franchise being marketed exclusively to young girls, due to the rise of the [[PeripheryDemographic brony fandom]], and this also caused several other merchandise-driven and child-oriented shows to evolve to allow for adults to derive just as much entertainment as kids. While the show is still a bit on the girly side, it's much more gender-neutral than its predecessor generations and still draws insane levels of engagement from its fandom's different age groups.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Mass Extinction events are this in general. Before one occurs, one group of animals forms the dominant species, evolving into the most wondrous beings. But then a Mass Extinction Event occurs, which means the ruling group of animals gets extinct, causing another to take its place, beginning a new age, in which evolution takes yet another route.
** One of the most well-known examples of this would be the meteorite collision that ended the Mesozoic era, and hence the extinction of the dinosaurs. And with the end of the age of the dinosaur, the rise of the mammals soon followed.
** The ending of the Paleozoic thanks to the [[ApocalypseHow Great Dying]] is an even earlier example.
** And a bit more than two billion years before that, the "Oxygen Catastrophe" marked the extinction of most anaerobic organisms as oxygen first became a significant part of Earth's atmosphere.
* The end of the Paleolithic Ice Age for a number of reasons. First was the extinction of most of the world's megafauna. Many large mammals that were once common throughout the world went extinct completely or were reduced to a handful of surviving examples (ex: rhinoceros used to live in almost every continent save Antarctica, South America and Australia, now they are only found in Africa and parts of Asia). The second was that human beings evolved and rose to become the dominant species on the planet. This could be seen as either [[HumansAreSpecial a good thing]] [[HumansAreBastards or a bad thing]] depending on your personal view.

[[AC:Ancient History]]
* The end of the Bronze Age brought with itself a collapse of several ancient cultures like Mycenaeans, the Hittite Empire or the New Kingdom of Egypt.
* UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat is somehow both the End and the Dawn of a New Era. On one hand, his conquests increased the knowledge of the world, spread Greek Civilization as far away as the Indus River and transformed society like few before him did. On the other hand, his empire brought the end of the Persian Empire, ended the classic period of Athenian civilization and the resulting Dark Ages saw the Decline of Greece in favor of Rome as the hegemony of the Mediterranean.
* The Assassination of UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar marks the end of UsefulNotes/TheRomanRepublic.
* Pompey's invasion of Judea is seen as the beginning of the end of classical Judaism. The destruction of the Jewish Temple and the Revolt of Masada is also regarded by Jews as the beginning of their status as diaspora.
* UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire has many endpoints as well
** Emperor Julian the Apostate's failed attempt to curtail the spread of Christianity by reviving Hellenism is seen as the DeathOfTheOldGods, the end of classical paganism and the unchallenged and unopposed rise of Christianity in cultural hegemony.
** The barbarian invasion of Odoacer, forcing the abdication of Romulus Augustus marks the definitive end of the Western Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire would continue however for some time.

[[AC:Dark Ages, Warring States]]
* After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Europe was cast into the Dark Age, and large parts of Roman technology and culture were forgotten. Of course, sixth-century Europeans didn't see themselves as being in a Dark Age, and many may have been very happy not to be on the business end of Roman imperialism any longer. Also, "Dark Age" in this context doesn't necessarily refer to the standard of living at the time but rather the fact that we're "in the dark" about a lot of what went on then due to a dearth of contemporary writings. Nowadays most historians refer to this time period as the Early Middle Ages to avoid the connotations of the word "dark."
* The Rise of Islam is seen as the end point of Late Antiquity since the conquests of the Umayyad Caliphate broke the joint story of the Mediterranian, dominated at the time by the Eastern Roman Empire and still having the the religious factor as unificator, and permanently began the drift between the East and the West, the former eventually becoming more Greek and Slavic while the West shifted its power from the Goths to the Franks.
* After about four centuries of Han dynasty [[note]] roughly contemporary with the Roman Empire[[/note]] rule, in the 3rd century AD the slow disintegration of the first long-lived empire to dominate all of China was punctuated by a coalition of nations south of the Yellow River effectively declaring themselves independent as new states. The fighting eventually ground to a halt as everyone went broke and had to sue for peace, splitting the empire into three ''de facto'' countries whose Emperors each claimed to be the sole legitimate heir (aka the 'Three Kingdoms' era). It would be several centuries before the Sui, and their almost immediate successors the Tang, managed to reunify all former Han territory, a difficult task in particular due to somewhat chaotic post-Han migration undermining the old ethnic status quo of the region.
* Culturally, ethnically and linguistically, the fall of the Western Roman Empire created a ''huge'' shift in the general population of Western Europe, which happened far more gradually than the political and military changes, but were arguably much farther-reaching. For most of the Roman Empire's heyday, Western Europe was politically dominated by the Romans of Southern Europe, though most of the region was culturally dominated by various indigenous peoples who could be broadly described as "Celtic" (though that term was invented by Greek historians, and they never called themselves "Celts"). After Rome's legions deserted them, the Celtic peoples of Western Europe were suddenly at the mercy of the far more aggressive "Germanic" peoples of Central Europe, who became ''the'' predominant cultural force in the region within a few centuries. To this day, the region formerly known as "Gaul" is known as "France" (after the Franks), while two of its largest regions are known as "Lombardy" and "Normandy" (after the Lombards and the Normans), and the country on the Northern side of the English Channel is called "England" (after the Angles), with "Anglo-" being a universally recognized prefix for all things English. As a result of centuries of invasions by the Angles, Saxons and Normans, the Germanic-derived language of "English" is now the most widely-spoken language in the world, with the Celtic-derived tongues of "Irish", "Scottish Gaelic" and "Welsh" spoken only by a handful of faithful devotees. English-speakers even still refer to the days of the week by names derived from the gods of the Norse pantheon, which was shared by the Anglo-Saxons. [[note]] "Tuesday" is "Tyr's Day", "Wednesday" is "Wodan's Day", "Thursday" is "Thor's Day", and "Friday" is "Freya's Day".[[/note]]

[[AC:Middle Ages]]
* The beginnings of the Viking's raids were the heralds of the end of the stability brought by the Carolingian Empire, reemplazing with the various sacks across all Europe.
* UsefulNotes/TheVikingAge itself ended fourfold with the failed settlement of Newfoundland, the Christianization of the rest of Scandinavia, the part where King Harald III of Norway failed to invade England months before the Norman Conquest, and the launching of UsefulNotes/TheCrusades which opened up trade routes in the Middle East.
* The destruction of Baghdad in 1258 at the hands of the Mongols ended the Arabian Golden Age, which had probably ended by the time of the crusades in most places, but probably continued on in Baghdad. Overall this was a period of decline in relative power for quite some time (thanks to the Crusaders, Mongols, and the Reconquista in Spain and Portugal) but it wasn't until Baghdad was utterly destroyed that Islam's decline really set in. The city of Baghdad was razed, the greatest center of Islamic learning was destroyed, and more people died in that city than (possibly) in the destruction of any other up to that point in time. Losing these centers of learning crippled the progress of Islam. After Baghdad fell, the momentum of Islam shifted from the Arabs to the Turks, the Mongols who assimilated into Islam much later as well as the Empires in India.
* ThePurge of UsefulNotes/TheKnightsTemplar by [[UsefulNotes/LetatCestMoi King Philip le Bel]] is also seen as the final nail in the coffin of the Crusades, since [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness having outlived its original purpose]] as a ChurchMilitant, the Templars changed role as a banking organization was seen as a liability.
* TheBlackDeath, as well as the short coldening of Northern Europe are seen as parts of the end of the prosperity of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, replacing Europe with famine, conflict and crisis from which the fifteenth century was famous for.
* The Battle of Crécy as part of UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar is considered to be the beginning of the end of classic chivalry. Knights on both sides were part of the old warrior nobility of Europe, but the English longbowmen beat them both, having been training weekly with one of the most powerful but difficult-to-master weapons in history for at least a century before the war began. And knights, particularly French knights, were [[BloodKnight notoriously impetuous]], and several battles in history were lost due to undisciplined, [[GlorySeeker glory-hungry]] knights insisting [[LeeroyJenkins on being the first into battle]], even going as far as '' riding over their own archers'', such was their eagerness to get to grips with the English. As such, the English forces led by Edward III and Edward the Black Prince defeated the French forces of Philip VI despite being outnumbered at least 4 to 1. And, after the battle, ''the peasants mercilessly killed the incapacitated knights''.

* The abandonment of the Congress of Mantua's planned crusade against the Turks before it had even begun at Ancona in 1464 is considered to mark the final death of the temporal power of the Papacy over the Princes of Europe. Envisaged by Pope Pius II as a grand final crusade, creating a UnitedEurope to fight and finally annihilate Christendom's common enemy, Islam, the "paper crusade" was ignored by almost every European power of note. When the miserable Crusade fleet, a tiny flotilla of barely seaworthy Italian warships, finally sailed into Ancona, the elderly Pope crossed the DespairEventHorizon and died two days later. The Vatican's power was never quite the same.
* The capture of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453 marked the end of TheMiddleAges, and it was also the final defeat of the Roman Empire that had been in existence for almost two thousand years. By then, the Empire was just TheRemnant and LandOfOneCity, but the defeat sent shockwaves through Christendom. The fifteenth century also brought the flowering of the Italian Renaissance, and the beginnings of the Protestant Reformation that ended the religious dominance of the Catholic Church in Western Europe.
** Of course this is a highly contentious issue - for others the End of TheMiddleAges is marked not by the fall of Constantinople, but by Columbus' first voyage (1492) or Luther's Reformation. And from a Greek-Byzantine point of view there were no Middle Ages, the fall of Constantinople marking the end of antiquity. To a large extent, "The Middle Ages" is a construct of snooty Renaissance writers badmouthing their antecedents. In the view of many (social) historians, the Middle Ages went on until the 18th century in many respects throughout large parts of Europe.
* 1453 also signaled the end of [[UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar the Hundred Years War]], which meant the end of the English dream of taking the French throne (and uniting both crowns). Despite losing a good chunk of its population, France won the war, and recovered all the English territory on French soil. This led to England becoming an island nation for the first time since the pre-Norman Conquest era.
* The end of the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses in 1485 spelled the end of the feudal system in England. Its conclusion, the Battle of Bosworth Field, is also seen as the Twilight of Chivalry. UsefulNotes/RichardIII became the last English king to be killed in battle, as well as the last king of the old Plantagenet bloodline. His successors, [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfTudor the Tudors]], were quick to establish a top-down royal bureaucracy and civil service to keep the nobles in line--largely because ''no one'' wanted a repeat of the Wars of the Roses.
* In 1492, a mediocre sailor named UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus led three ships across the Atlantic in an attempt to reach China and India. What they found was [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericas something different]], and what happened next was nothing short of TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt for Native Americans. European diseases spread far in advance of European settlers, killing up to 90% of the Indians infected (estimates for the number of Indians killed by disease at the time exceed ''ten million''). When the Europeans themselves followed, the results were no less tragic, with widespread pillaging, forced conversions, and genocide. Thousands of years of Native American civilization, including two of the mightiest empires the world had ever known, were destroyed in less than a century, leading to the concept of Indians as [[TheSavageIndian backwards primitives]].
** While not less dramatic, the treatment of the Amerindians was something that varied between the areas of influence of either European power: in the Spanish kingdoms, there were laws to protect the Amerindians from the abuse that the original Conquistadores and their descendents made them suffer (how much were these laws enforced varied between the continent) and actively required the assistance of the native nobility and a sort of respect towards the works of the original populations; the Portuguese and the French, although as not as active as the Spaniards, allowed native populations to be integrated to their territories; on the other hand, the English colonists actually argued that because the Amerindians that lived in their borders had not reached the cultural and technical level of either the Aztecs or the Incas, they couldn't become part of the colonial system. In short, if you were a native and lived in a Catholic zone of influence, your chances of living were better than in the Protestant zone of influence.
* The 1512 defeat of Florence by the Medici and the Pope (supported by Spanish troops) marked the end of the Florentine Republic and the classic period of the Renaissance. Until then, Florence had been the center of European finance and arts, the home of Giotto, Cimbue, Donatello, Leon Battista Alberti, Pico della Mirandola, Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. By 1512, the center of gravity had shifted to Rome, the Medici were no longer a banking family but had become hereditary nobility and after the fall of Florence, Creator/NiccoloMachiavelli who had formed the Florentine Militia was sacked, tortured and exiled. In his retirement, he worked as a playwright and later wrote a small book called ''Literature/ThePrince''.
* The age of [[UsefulNotes/TheRenaissance the Italian Renaissance]] ended with the Italian Wars of the 1490s, and its subsequent invasion by Spain, France, and the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire in the early 16th century. Of course, the invasion of Italy spread the Renaissance ideals to rest of the continent, making it also a DawnOfAnEra to the European Renaissance.

[[AC:Early Modern (15th-18th Century)]]
* There are two points at which the UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai are said to have ended. The first is the official point, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Sekigahara Battle of Sekigahara]] in 1600, where the forces of UsefulNotes/TokugawaIeyasu defeated those of UsefulNotes/IshidaMitsunari. Despite some resistance beyond the battle, the Sengoku period is usually declared to be over after this by most historians. The other is more symbolic, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Nagashino Battle of Nagashino]] twenty five years prior, where UsefulNotes/OdaNobunaga destroyed the famed Takeda clan cavalry by using European arquebus in rotating volumes of fire. Guns had been used before this battle, but the tactics used by Nobunaga kick-started an arms race and forever altered the Japanese attitude towards warfare. Both are seen as the point when the traditional age of Samurai engaging in honorable single combat, Ronin wandering aimlessly from town-to-town and the political plotting of the daimyo ended. Often viewed in the same light as the declared end of the Western frontier in American culture. [[note]] Even 250 years before the arrival of Commodore Perry (see below) Tokugawa's rise to power essentially sowed the seeds of the shogunate's demise. Tokugawa devised the entire social hierarchy of the ''daimyo'' based on who was loyal to him before his victory at Sekigahara, and purposely made it nearly impossible for minor ''daimyo'' and their descendants to advance in power and prestige if they weren't already powerful when he became shogun. Not to mention that he tried to install the samurai as the unchallenged ruling class at the top of Japanese society, even though they inevitably [[TheArtifact became irrelevant]] over the course of 250 years of peace, while the merchants (ostensibly the ''lowest'' social class) just [[NouveauRiche got more powerful and relevant]] as the country's economy got more advanced. As a result, resentment towards the shogun and the samurai just built up over time as they both tried to maintain the old status quo indefinitely. The shogunate and the samurai held for 250 years, but they were already at the end of a long decline when Perry's flotilla arrived. There's a ''reason'' the shogun fell from power in short order afterwards.[[/note]]
* The UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar and the subsequent Glorious Revolution, marked the decline of the English monarchy from rule by divine right to the status of constitutional figurehead. From then on, the Parliament were the real rulers of Great Britain and continued to call the shots right to the present day.
** The Glorious Revolution was also seen as the end of Scotland as a distinct society, the 1706-1707 Acts of Union led to Scotland acceding to England and forming the state of Great Britain. This UsefulNotes/HanoverStuartWars and the Jacobite Rebellion was the last major civil conflict on English soil. The Battle of Culloden was seen as the final nail in the coffin of the Stuart Kings and the end of Scotland as an indepedent power.
* UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfPiracy, which began in the mid-1600s, petered out in the wake of the UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession with the passage of the Treaty of Utrecht and the rise of conscript armies. The most iconic era of the period, centered on the Pirate Republic was a brief seven year period that ended when the English Governor Woodes Rogers occupied Nassau. The death of Bartholomew Roberts, the most successful pirate of that era, in 1722, is seen as the end of the period.
* The rise of UsefulNotes/LouisXIV and absolute monarchy was seen as the end of the old feudalism later celebrated in the books of Creator/AlexandreDumas. Formerly, the King ruled by feudal contracts. By taking power fully, the King eroded the powers of the old aristocracy, made them mere figureheads without armies and levies, brought them to Versailles to live a life of ConspicuousConsumption. By centralizing power at Versailles, Louis XIV also began the process of transforming France from a Kingdom to a nation state.
** France's defeat in the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar marked the end of its North American Empire. It also marked the beginning of the end of Native tribes on the East Coast. Formerly courted by either France and England as an ally against the other, the rise of a single European colonial hegemony in North America left them with fewer allies than before. Their losses of life and land in the period from the French and Indian War to UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution marked the migration of the tribes westward, and the start of their marginalisation and exploitation as minorities in a WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant dominated America.
** The French Monarchy overall suffered constant defeats and decline in the 18th Century which in turn led to UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution. The death of UsefulNotes/LouisXVI by guillotine in a formerly Catholic nation (as opposed to a Protestant nation in the case of UsefulNotes/OliverCromwell and the UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar) was the end of the Divine Right of Kings as a concept of sovereignty and absolute monarchy. The 1793-1794 French Revolutionary Wars, as per Carl von Clausewitz and later observers, was the first total war and France's victory, despite later revolutionary reversals, marked the rise of the nation and the end of Kingdoms.
* UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars in turn, led to the end of feudalism across Europe, started the process of de-ghettoizing Jews, introduced meritocracy and modern bureaucracy via the Napoleonic Code. His conquest of Spain resulted in the end of Spain's rule over its Latin American colonies. Napoleon's final defeat likewise marked the end of France as a major European power on the Continent. The period afterward was characterized mainly by the dominance of the British Empire in European affairs, which itself would end with the First World War.
** The rise of total wars in the wake of the French Revolution changed the nature of warfare. For about the previous 150 years, warfare, while bloody, was conducted by relatively small armies led by nobles for relatively small gains. By the late 18th century it had become almost ritualistic. The Napoleonic Wars threw all that out the window, with whole national populations mobilized for the first time in centuries and armies swelling to hundreds of thousands. It could also be considered the birth of modern Nationalism. Previously the nobles and monarchs of Europe were a class unto themselves - having more in common with each other than with their own people. At the start of the Napoleonic Wars, the entire Russian court spoke in French. By the end of it, they were speaking only Russian.

[[AC:19th Century]]
* In 1842, the British forced the Chinese Empire to accept a humiliating peace after two-years of CurbStompBattle in the First Opium War. While it was hardly the first time that the Chinese military forces were defeated by foreign "barbarians," it was the first clear reminder that the Chinese had fallen decidedly behind technologically and needed to change significantly.
* The 1857 Indian Mutiny was something of a FullyAbsorbedFinale for Indian feudalism as a whole. It was the last time Indian kings and queens led and commanded armies in battle, it saw the final end of the Mughal Empire with the final two heirs brutally executed and the Emperor exiled to Burma. Delhi formerly a LandOfOneCity of a VestigialEmpire was occuppied by the English. The Mutiny also marked the end of [[NGOSuperpower the East India Company]] as a major player in international commerce. The British government took over the administration and formed the BritishRaj.
* UsefulNotes/TheCrimeanWar (1853-56) is considered this in the history of European diplomacy. While it was relatively insignificant militarily and characterized by blunders and incompetence, it broke the international system based on "legitimacy" created (or restored, depending on your perspective) after the Congress of Vienna and opened the way for the rise of nationalism and nation states. It set the stage for creation of Germany and Italy, and later the Balkan states, and in so doing, paved the way for World War I.
* Commodore Perry's arrival in Japan hastened the end of isolationist feudal shogunate rule, which officially came with the ascension of Emperor Meiji in 1867 and started the UsefulNotes/MeijiRestoration in 1868. From that point, Japan embarked on a programme of rapid industrialisation.
** More tragic-romantically, this is the definite end of the {{samurai}} rule. People saw that the samurai regime of Tokugawa couldn't defend the country from the dangblasted foreigners and feared that Japan would become the next China. Wars ensued. The new country that rose from the ashes of war then allow every citizen to hold positions of significant power, not just the samurai.
** In fact, the name that scholars use to refer to this period is ''Bakumatsu'' -- [[MeaningfulName The End of the Curtain]].
* In Europe the slow decline of autonomous noble power began in this period as well. From the greater military power of politically unified nations, a rise of absolute monarchs, the spread of revolutionary political thought and the growing economic power of lower classes the nobles were unable to compete. While there were holdouts for a long time (some European states ''still'' have official positions for nobles) it was never the same.
* UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar marked the end of several American political and social concepts, chattel slavery only being the most obvious. The Union victory redefined the United States as a singular nation with a strong federal government that had supreme authority over its constituent states, rather than a loose alliance of semi-independent nations. Moreover, the idea of voluntary and legal secession from the Union was dead in the water, as per [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_v._White a 1869 Supreme Court decision]].It was also one of the first modern industrialized wars, along with the Crimean War and the unification wars in Germany, bringing the conception of modern warfare on a vastly more destructive scale to bearing. The ''cultural'' tensions between the North and South, however, would prove more elusive, and still linger to some extent to this day. True legal and social equality for Blacks and other minorities would also take another 100 years or so to be actualized.
* In 1890, the US Census officially declared that the "Frontier" no longer existed. This marked the end of American expansionism and of the "frontier culture" that had characterized the US until then. Interestingly, this is about the time that the US started to turn outward to gain more resources, much to the dismay of its Latin American neighbors and, later, countries in the Eastern hemisphere. A lot of historians have noted this.

[[AC:20th Century]]
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, the War To End All Wars, is considered to have ended an era. Before that, human progress seemed unlimited and war and many other ills would be abolished. Alas, the mighty technologies of mass production and automation can be applied to killing people. The realization pretty much put the kibosh on the centuries-old idealism of the Enlightenment. [[NiceJobBreakingItHero Nice work, fading monarchies of Europe]] ([[MyFriendsAndZoidberg And France, United States, recently-turned-Republican Portugal and China, Brazil and Japan]]).
** It also signaled the end of many old European powers, with the German, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires imploding from a mix of war fatigue, ethnic nationalism and revolution.
** Very much the sense of Sir Edward Grey's famous words about the outbreak of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI:
--> "The lamps are going out all over Europe, we shall not see them lit again in our life-time."
** For all his flaws, UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson also had serious reservations about [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII what would come next]]:
--> "I can predict with absolute certainty that within another generation there will be another world war if the nations of the world do not concert the method by which to prevent it."
** [=WWI=] also brought the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, which is ([[NostalgiaFilter today]]) largely seen as the last Caliphate. Turkey saw a secular zeal to overthrow anything that smelt like Islam in the government. The Arabs and Persians carved new states out of Ottoman-ruled lands, in many cases with the eager help of the more successful, non-Muslim empires of the time: British, French, American, Russian, and so on. Arab Nationalism was in vogue, and it seemed that government backed by God is 'so yesterday'.
** It also saw the end of several other long standing monarchies, like Germany, Austria, and Russia.
** Arab Nationalism got a rude awakening immediately after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and the following decades, which saw the UN acknowledging the state of Israel. The inability of Arab nations to put an end to Israel caused Arab Nationalism to meet its end of age, and in many cases replaced by religious zeal. Within the Islamic world, there's a slow but unrelenting trend of the end of inclusive nationalism, with an idealism of re-building the Caliphate that was lost following World War I. It would be interesting to see where this cycle leads...
** In a similar way, World War I is sometimes considered to have dealt a fatal blow to the concept of Christendom. Unlike in the Middle East, the triumph of secularism in the West seems permanent and appears to only be getting more entrenched with time, notwithstanding some reactionary backlash.
* In China, [[UsefulNotes/NoMoreEmperors the Xinhai or 1911 Revolution]], coupled with the Beijing-region General Yuan Shikai turning on the Emperor, saw The Empire of The Qing and the Chinese Empires ended forever in favour of a protracted civil war known as The Warlord Era. The victory of [[UsefulNotes/ChiangKaiShek Chiang's Guomindang]] in the 1931 Central Plains War (over the forces of three of China's five remaining Great Warlords) was the effective end of The Warlord Era, though the nominal end had come when - in 1928 - The Guomindang had taken Beijing and been recognised abroad as the first legitimate Chinese government since Yuan Shikai had died in 1916. And then, the Communist victory in the 1946-1950 Civil War (the official end coming in 1949, when the Communists declared the foundation of the People's Republic) was an even bigger End of an Age. So yes, China had a lot of these in the 20th century (in fact, there was another one in 1978 - see below).
* The stock market crash of October 29, 1929 ended the economic prosperity of TheRoaringTwenties, triggering TheGreatDepression for years to come. It also cemented the rise of Fascist regimes in Europe during the following decade.
* The close of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII in 1945 (and the freeing of various formerly "conquered" and "settled" territories) marked the end of Fascism and Imperialism. Decolonization became a watchword, and when taken together with rebellion and revolution in the Empires of England, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal the 1970s saw a world without military-political colonialism (so-called 'economic colonialism' is another matter) and geographically large empires.
** The end of WWII also marked the end of roughly a century of power concentrated largely in European hands and marked the rise of two superpowers outside of Europe - and with it, the UsefulNotes/ColdWar.
** The War also helped further the decline of European Monarchies, as the Italian, Yugoslavian, Romanian, and Bulgarian thrones were abolished within the next few years, the later three seeing Communist governments rise in their place. It also led to the Emperor of Japan becoming a symbolic figurehead.
** The 1956 Suez Crisis is seen as the final nail in the coffin of British Imperialism and marked its end as a global superpower with the USA and USSR calling the shots. Likewise, French defeat at Dien Bien Phu and the Algerian Crisis, ended the French empire as well.
* The onset of the UsefulNotes/ColdWar essentially marked the end of the age of traditional warfare, largely because the advent of nuclear weapons [[MutuallyAssuredDestruction suddenly made it obsolete]]; while the United States and the Soviet Union remained bitter enemies until the latter's downfall, they ''never'' formally declared war on each other, knowing full well that the resultant nuclear exchange could very well bring about the end of human civilization. Every war that the two superpowers waged during the Cold War was a small-scale "proxy war" aimed at containing Communism (or spreading it). Likewise, every major war that the United States has declared since the fall of the Soviet Union has been a small-scale war aimed at containing terrorism and rogue states. It's quite unlikely that the world will ever see another war on the scale of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, with the world's most powerful nations duking it out on the field of battle.
* Much of the nostalgia surrounding both New York World's Fairs (1939-40 and 1964-65) focuses around the former being held just before WWII and the latter being one of the last straight examples of the [[IWantMyJetpack shiny jetpack future]] prior to the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar and TheSixties 'back-to-nature' movement.
* The 1960s is considered the End of American Innocence (or Naïvete).
** Symbolically tied in to that, President UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy's New Frontier (also known as "Camelot"), ended when he was assassinated in 1963.
** The "Summer of Love" is said to have died with the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Altamont_Free_Concert Altamont concert]] in 1969, with the UsefulNotes/MansonFamily murders can be seen as putting the kibosh on the hippie romanticism of the 1960's. The Fall of Saigon in April 30 1975 that ended the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar was considered the end of the 60s as the Post-Vietnam hippies began to be seen as [[{{Cloudcuckoolander}} cloudcuckoolanders]].
** In the early 1970s, the Watergate scandal, leading to President UsefulNotes/RichardNixon's resignation in 1974, has also been considered an end of American innocence, in terms of the public trust formerly held for the office of Presidency. The Presidency lost a lot of prestige in the eyes of the public.
** The breakup of Music/TheBeatles in 1970 was the end of the '60s, musically.
* August 1968 saw the withdrawal of the last remaining mainline steam locomotives in Britain. Since July 1967 and the end of Steam in the South of England, steam had been restricted to lines in the Northwest. By August 1968, these locomotives were restricted to Lancashire, on goods working and the odd passenger service. The last revenue-earning runs were made on 3rd August, followed by a series of special trains the following day. After one last excursion a week later, the age of steam in Britain officially ended.
* The 1960s saw the end of the the golden era of Ocean liners. Most cite the retirement of the ''SS United States'', the last ship entirely committed to a transatlantic route,[[note]] The ''United States''' was built for speed to such an extreme that she simply could not function as a cruise ship in any economically viable capacity.[[/note]] in 1969 as the end of the grand liners. This was because jet airliners could now do their job in a fraction of the time. The next few decades would see the end of ocean liners as a whole as more airports were constructed and there was no longer a need to transport people by ship.
* The post-WWII economic certainty of the Bretton Woods system was thrown into disarray by the costs of the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar, industrial unrest, emerging {{culture war}}s, and the [[TerminallyDependentSociety oil crises]] of the 1970s. The knockout blow came with the election of UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher and UsefulNotes/RonaldReagan, signalling the start of the neo-liberal financial deregulation era.
* With Deng Xiaoping's triumph in ousting Mao's hand-picked successor in 1978, there came the de-facto end of Communist economic policies in China, and state capitalism was gradually introduced.
* The Iranian Revolution of 1979 ended the reign of the Pahlavis and started a radical change in Iran.
* The 70s is often considered this for boxing, especially the heavyweight division.
* The 1980s and AIDS are considered the end of The Sexual Revolution.
* The stock market crash of 1987 triggered the end of the "[[Film/WallStreet Greed is Good]]" mentality of the 1980s.
* UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfVideoGames came to a screeching halt with UsefulNotes/TheGreatVideoGameCrashOf1983, and coincided with the rise of home computing and the [[JapaneseGames Japanese video games industry]].
* For all intents and purposes, Creator/WaltDisney's indirect influence over the future of [[Creator/{{Disney}} Walt Disney Productions]] ended with the release of ''Disney/TheBlackCauldron'' in 1985. That movie's box office failure gave Disney's new management team of Michael Eisner, Frank Wells, Roy E. Disney, and Jeffrey Katzenberg the leverage they needed to fire the remaining Walt-era executives and transform the studio into the more business-minded and Hollywood-esque Walt Disney Company, which not only led to its revival in the late 1980s but also set it on its course into becoming the multimedia empire it is today.
* The UsefulNotes/ColdWar era ended after the fall of Communism in Europe and friendship between the reforming USSR and America was called The New World Order by Bush 41. [[ConspiracyTheorist Some took it another (facepalming) way.]]
** The dissolution of the Soviet Union dissolved one of the largest political entities in human history, sparked a rise in ethno-nationalism and completely altered Central Asian, Balkan and Eastern European politics.
** Coinciding with this the death of [[UsefulNotes/JosipBrozTito Tito]] in 1980 led to a situation where the one unifying figure in Yugoslavia was gone and no other figure was capable of stepping in without sparking resentment and distrust from leaders of the other ethnic groups. Happening at the same time as the collapse of the Soviet Union this meant the end of Yugoslavia and its own (much more violent) [[UsefulNotes/TheYugoslavWars dissolution]].
** For awhile, U.S. foreign policy became confused. For decades, the U.S. had centered its foreign policy on battling the Soviet Union, so its disappearance was met with a SoWhatDoWeDoNow reaction.
* Creator/JimHenson's sudden death in 1990, just as he was preparing to sell his studio to The Walt Disney Company so he could focus more on the artistic side of creation than the business side, turned out to be this in its way. After his death the deal with Disney fell through - this was followed by years of sales and resales fracturing ownership of the company and its properties, while both his original work and new productions building upon his legacy were rarely capitalized on by distributors and often overlooked or dismissed by audiences. In particular, in TheEighties the "classic" Muppets looked set to join the panoply of Disney animated characters as beloved by multiple generations, but by TheNewTens were at the low point of the PopularityPolynomial -- even the 2011 revival film ''Film/TheMuppets'' made their fall from attention a plot point. When that movie became a hit it seemed as if a comeback was all but certain, but its sequel ''Film/MuppetsMostWanted'' flopping three years later seems to have hindered a true revival, leaving the Muppets' parent Disney (who ended up buying the Muppet franchise in 2004, but not the company itself) back at square one.
* The early 90s saw India transitioning from a mixed-economy to a free market economy, marking the end of India's formerly socialist leanings and the move towards middle class consumerism and ConspicuousConsumption.
* The mid-90's saw Japan's economic bubble burst. Their global dominance in the automotive and computer manufacturing fields suddenly ended, leading to a steady decline that some say mirrors the "Great Recession" America suffered a decade later. While still an important player in both industries, [[JapanTakesOverTheWorld Japan is no longer seen as taking over the world]] and focus has instead shifted to [[ChinaTakesOverTheWorld China]]. In Japan, this era of sudden economic downturn is known as "The Lost Decade".
* The opening of Usenet to all AOL users in 1994. See also EternalSeptember.
* The UsefulNotes/{{Columbine}} shooting in 1999 is sometimes considered an end of 1990s peace and idealism.
* Several moments in computer history have been cited in hindsight as when IBM lost dominance of the [[UsefulNotes/IBMPersonalComputer PC]] platform and its transition to "Wintel":
** Compaq using the 386 chip in its own computer before IBM did.
** The PC clone manufacturers rejecting IBM's Micro Channel Architecture (MCA) used in the PS/2.
** The success of Windows over OS/2.
** The bankruptcy of Commodore in 1994 marked the end of prominent alternatives to the PC platform. A combination of mismanagement and difficulties producing a decent upgrade without breaking compatibility saw the Amiga winding down into a very small hobbyist platform, while the competing Atari ST had already been out of production for a while. At the same time, Japan's PC-98 and FM-Towns started slowly integrating PC compatibility until they eventually became completely homogenised. Only the Apple Macintosh remains, and even that has migrated to using Intel chipsets.

[[AC:21st Century and Beyond]]
* TheTwentiethCentury was said to have ended, both politically and culturally, on September 11th, 2001, and the [[WarOnTerror Long War/Terrorism]] era began.
* Creator/DreamWorksAnimation's ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' (2001) and the failure of ''Disney's'' ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire'' officially ended UsefulNotes/TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation.
* There are a pair of video game age endings that happened during the UsefulNotes/TheSixthGenerationOfConsoleVideoGames. "The Death of the Dream"--the end of the UsefulNotes/SegaDreamcast-- saw Creator/{{SEGA}} go from a major console developer to a third-party game publisher, ending the Creator/{{Nintendo}} vs. Creator/{{Sega}} console wars that defined the medium during the previous decade. And with the fall of Sega came the rise of the UsefulNotes/{{Xbox}} and UsefulNotes/{{Playstation}}, where Microsoft and Sony essentially took their place among "Gaming's Big Three".
* The switch from analog to digital television. For decades, television programs were broadcasted with an analog signal and many people watched their programs with antennas on their TV sets. By the 2000s, when high definition started to take off, many television sets produced at that time were made with digital signals instead of analog, which meant the sound and picture came out more crisp. TV programs took advantage of the digital signal for better quality images and sound (including HD formats) and by 2009, the federal government ordered that all basic programs/television channels had to convert to digital formatting in order to free up space on the analog spectrum for emergency services that needed them (such as firefighters and police). The transition [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bTUDSG8L5Jw#t=38 looked]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvGkE6azzWQ#t=1m04s like]][[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=us3_aCFOV08&feature=related this]].
* With UsefulNotes/TheMillenniumAgeOfAnimation, many traditional animation techniques died out in lieu of digital technology, with the last animated series to be hand-painted on colloid either ending or switching to newer methods. The success of ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' in the previous decade and the aforementioned ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' at the beginning of the millennium also led to the effective end of 2D animated features in North America.
* The original cancellation of Creator/{{Toonami}} in 2008 is considered to be the end point of the 1990s [[UsefulNotes/TheJapaneseInvasion anime boom]]. While other animation blocks with a focus on Japanese animation existed before and since, the Creator/CartoonNetwork run of ''Toonami'' is the longest-lasting of these and is credited for giving a large number of action anime mainstream exposure before the advent of streaming sites such as Website/{{Crunchyroll}}, due to being on a general family channel rather than a NicheNetwork.[[note]]Granted, "animation-only" is still a niche, but a less restricting one than, say, Creator/{{Syfy}}'s (then Sci-Fi Channel)...[[AnimationAgeGhetto in]] [[AllAdultAnimationIsSouthPark theory]], anyway.[[/note]]
* The announcement that Creator/StudioGhibli might be closing its doors for good and Creator/HayaoMiyazaki's [[TenMinuteRetirement possibly permanent]] retirement is seen by many as the definitive end of an age for Japanese animation. Later subverted, when Miyazaki announced he'd be working on a new movie.
* 2014–2015 was considered to contain the end of an age for several types of late night shows:
** Creator/DavidLetterman's announcement in April 2014 that he'd retire from hosting ''The Late Show'' in 2015 (his final show aired May 20, 2015) led some to believe it marks the end of an age in late night television stretching as far back as TheSixties, when Johnny Carson began hosting ''Series/TheTonightShow''.
** Creator/StephenColbert taking up the mantle is another, since it meant the end of ''Series/TheColbertReport'' after a decade of dominating the news pundit scene in its unique parody way.
** Creator/JonStewart's announcement in February 2015 that he'll retire from hosting ''Series/TheDailyShow'' later that year (his final show as host aired August 6, 2015) signifies the end of an age of satire that started with the UsefulNotes/BillClinton presidency in TheNineties. Of course, Creator/JohnOliver with his own hit, and even more unrestrained, satire show, ''Series/LastWeekTonightWithJohnOliver'', disagrees.
* With the Windows XP OS officially having support from Microsoft cut off on April 8, 2014, many people consider the end of XP to be the end of the golden era where many people to this day still consider XP as the best OS by Microsoft. While Windows 7 has come close to being what an upgraded XP would be, XP itself is considered the standard.
** On top of that, the desktop computer market which Windows XP was tied to has been sent into a slow decline by the rise of [[UsefulNotes/GoingMobile smartphones and tablets]]. Their failure to get a foothold in the mobile arena has led to them going from the primary way people got on the Internet to accounting for only about 1/5th of Internet access worldwide.
* {{Saturday Morning Cartoon}}s slowly started to decline around the early 2000s as station affiliates (namely NBC, Fox, ABC, The WB, CBS and finally the CW) began ceasing their animation blocks with the rise in digital cable and censors lobbying for more educational shows which hardly any child would be willing to watch, mainly those of Litton Entertainment. The ''Creator/{{Vortexx}}'' was the last of these and even then was made up of reruns of previous shows. However, in 2014, its spot was brought out by Litton, thus bringing an end to the era of Saturday Morning Cartoons.
* In 2013, the ''Manga/SazaeSan'' anime switched entirely to digital animation, marking the definitive end of cel animation in mainstream media. The format had previously been dying out in the 90's (for animated movies) and 2000's (for TV shows) and had already been dead in the West since 2004, when ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'' switched to digital.
* In December 2014, US President UsefulNotes/BarackObama and Cuban leader Raul Castro announced their plans to normalize relations between their two nations by re-establishing one another's embassies (the first US embassy in Cuba opened July 1, 2015), effectively ending a 50-year embargo.
** UsefulNotes/FidelCastro's passing in November 2016 also marked this to some. Many saw him as the LastOfHisKind:
--> ''"[[http://www.vox.com/world/2016/11/26/13752198/fidel-castro-dead-death-cold-war Castro matters]] because he was the last living symbol of the Cold War at its peak. His death puts an exclamation point on the end of Cold War style of ideological conflict between capitalism and communism. In some ways, it’s the most 2016 thing imaginable."''
* The rise of Netflix, Red Box, Hulu and other sites geared towards renting/streaming movies and TV shows online led to the decline and eventual extinction of Blockbuster and other video rental stores. Well as franchises anyway, there are still a few manager-owned stores still kicking.
* In February 2018, Best Buy announced that starting on July 1 of that year, they would no longer sell [[CompactDisc CDs]]. That along with Target considering a major policy change with how they stocked CD's that would likely discourage record labels from shipping them to Target, largely signaled the end of the distribution of music on CD's and other kinds of physical media.
* March 2018 saw the end of Toys "R" Us as a retail chain when they filed for bankruptcy, joining former rival chain, [=KB=] Toys, who had closed their doors nine years prior and ending a 70-year legacy.

[[AC:Other/Multiple Periods]]
* Chinese scholars have described China as this since the time of Creator/{{Confucius}} himself, if not before. This hasn't been affected by the fact that China's had at least three Golden Ages since unification.
* The idea that man is in a state of cultural degeneracy from a perfect golden age is OlderThanFeudalism. Creator/{{Plato}} complained that the youth of his age were degenerate and antiauthoritarian.
* Hesiod, above, was writing during the age after the Dorian conquest. They brought iron with them, but a lot of things were lost from the previous age -- like writing. So, it was the dark Iron Age.
* Due to an asymmetry in the space of all events, we perceive time as flowing from a state of low entropy to a state of high entropy.
* {{Atlantis}} in new-age/pop-culture/pseudohistory.
* GlobalWarming. Welcome to planet "Eaarth", in the words of Bill [=McKibben=].
* [[KillEmAll Mass Extinctions]] as a whole.
* A GrowingUpSucks example is when your most significant role models in childhood start [[AuthorExistenceFailure succumbing to the mortal coil]]. Music/DavidBowie's death due to cancer on 10 January 2016, is a prime example. The passing of celebrities [[Music/{{Motorhead}} Lemmy]], Creator/AlanRickman, [[Music/{{Eagles}} Glenn Frey]], [[Music/JeffersonAirplane Paul Kantner]], Creator/TerryWogan, Natalie Cole, and Music/{{Prince}} within weeks of Bowie – and each other – compounds the sense of loss. Later in the year, there was the passing of Creator/MuhammadAli, Creator/GeneWilder, Creator/CarrieFisher, Creator/DebbieReynolds, Music/LeonardCohen and Music/GeorgeMichael, among others. In particular, 2016 has been cited as being significant because the celebrities involved [[http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/music/la-et-ms-worst-year-ever-20170103-story.html represented a golden era of bold cultural risk-taking]], coupled with the [[https://www.vice.com/en_uk/article/how-social-media-changed-celebrity-deaths-in-2016 increasing ubiquity of social media]], and that the two countries that gave most of these celebrities, the UK and US, were hit by seismic political events (Brexit and the Trump election) that year as well.
* When the Boston Red Sox won the World Series in 2004, it ended 86 years of misery for them and their fans, creating a golden age for the Red Sox as they won the title 2 more times after ending their drought: one in 2007 and another in 2013. It also signaled the rise of the Curse-Buster era in American sports, when several teams ended long droughts since their last title, if they had even won it at all, including:
** MLB
*** The 2005 Chicago White Sox (88 years)
*** The 2008 Philadelphia Phillies (28 years)
*** The 2010 San Francisco Giants (56 years)
*** The 2015 Kansas City Royals (30 years)
*** The 2016 Chicago Cubs (108 years)
*** The 2017 Houston Astros (55 years)
** NHL
*** 2010 Chicago Blackhawks (49 years)
*** 2011 Boston Bruins (39 years)
*** 2012 Los Angeles Kings (45 years)
** NBA
*** 2006 Miami Heat (18 years)
*** 2008 Boston Celtics (22 years)
*** 2011 Dallas Mavericks (31 years)
*** 2015 Golden State Warriors (40 years)
*** 2016 Cleveland Cavaliers (46 years)
** NFL
*** 2005 Pittsburgh Steelers (26 years)
*** 2006 Indianapolis Colts (36 years)
*** 2009 New Orleans Saints (52 years)
*** 2013 Seattle Seahawks (39 years)
*** 2017 Philadelphia Eagles (57 years)
* Early in 2017, the Ringling Bros and Barnum and Bailey Circus, the "Greatest Show On Earth!" announced it would cease performing, citing a massive drop in audiences (and thus, profits).
* The history of the Universe itself. Several events marked the final of different epochs, and unless it [[ApocalypseHow ends before]], it will pass through eras whose ends are marked by the [[TheStarsAreGoingOut death of all stars]], proton decay, and finally the evaporation of black holes... and, as ScienceMarchesOn, later who knows.