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[[quoteright:300:[[Literature/EmpireOfTheAtom http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/empire_of_the_atom.png]]]]

A setting in which societies with futuristic technology have reverted to patterns from earlier time periods (e.g., medieval Europe, feudal Japan, nineteenth-century America) while remaining at a futuristic technological level (e.g., starships, HumongousMecha, {{Energy Weapon}}s). This can be either the result of relating historical metaphors to a future society, or an excuse to do a period piece [[RecycledINSPACE IN SPACE]].

This may also be an attempt to market a fantasy story as ScienceFiction during a period where the latter is considered more fashionable. Just add AppliedPhlebotinum which would pretty much be magic if not for the TechnoBabble explaining it away as advanced science or PsychicPowers.

There are many variations on this trope (mainly because it makes making the {{Fantasy Counterpart Culture}}s easier), but most can be broken down into just a few categories:
# FeudalFuture: In the future, human society will resemble a cross between medieval and early modern Europe, possibly with elements of [[SpaceRomans Imperial Rome]], Imperial China, and feudal Japan. Expect TheEmpire, although it will likely have elements of TheGoodKingdom. Humanity may be united, in which case the parallel is to the Roman or British Empire and you can expect the ruler of humanity to be titled appropriately, or it may have been united in the past and is now descending into barbarism, in which case the parallel is with medieval Europe. Aliens are unlikely, but if present they will probably be a FantasyCounterpartCulture for the Mongol Horde.
# Space Samurai: Future society resembles feudal Japan. Found as the local equivalent of FeudalFuture in Japanese-produced work, as well as making occasional guest appearances as a stock FantasyCounterpartCulture in FeudalFuture settings.
# SpaceWestern: Society in the future will look like nineteenth-century America, with brave pioneers leaving a civilized homeland to settle a lawless frontier. If aliens are present, they will be a FantasyCounterpartCulture for Native Americans.

Contrast SchizoTech. See also CrystalSpiresAndTogas. Compare FutureImperfect and AmbiguousTimePeriod.

For the sort of thing that appears on the [[http://davidszondy.com/future/futurepast.htm Tales of Future Past]] website, see {{Zeerust}}.

Despite the title of this page, this trope has nothing to do with the 1967 [[Music/TheMoodyBlues Moody Blues]] album ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Days_of_Future_Passed Days of Future Passed]]'' (the title of which refers to, well, the ''present'', specifically the course of a single day in a person's life). Nor with the ''Comicbook/XMen'' TimeTravel story arc ''ComicBook/DaysOfFuturePast'' (although in the original run of the X-Men story, some of the background details imply a degree of technological regression, such as horses pulling a bus, and that timeline had certainly regressed in terms of social equality into an extreme level of segregation and eugenics), or [[Film/XMenDaysofFuturePast the film adaptation of said comic that bears the same name]].




[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/NausicaaOfTheValleyOfTheWind'' is a clear-cut example
* ''LightNovel/TrinityBlood'' is a ''Renaissance Future'', with Vatican States = Italy, Methuselah Empire = Ottoman Empire, and Albion = England.
* ''Anime/CodeGeass'' has something of a mild example -- a mid-21st-century style of technology with giant robots, matched with a Victorian-esque society, in Britannia. The other countries are behind them in both society and technology, and would not be an example.
* ''Anime/{{Voltron}}[=/=] Anime/GoLion'' is a medieval fairy tale world InSpace.
* The ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' works set later on in the Universal Century shows an Earth Sphere that's increasingly reminiscent of Japan's Sengoku period as European-style aristocracy makes a comeback. By ''Victory Gundam,'' the situation's reached the point where the Sides are independent nations in all but name, with the Earth Federation [[spoiler:seemingly]] inept to do anything about it.
* ''Anime/FantasticChildren'' Has this trope. The Greecians bodies are capable of assimilating technology, they can even locate the souls of dead Greecians and humans and beam them back into their respective bodies. What do they fight with? Swords. What do they wear? just about anything medieval. Also, the planet of Greecia is a monarchy. King's word is law, even if it leads to the main problems in the series and makes everybody suffer in the long run. Yep.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/NikolaiDante'' is set in the 27th century where Tsarist Russia has resurged and [[RussiaTakesOverTheWorld become a world empire]]. Duels, noble politics and revolutions occur side by side with aliens, cyborgs and superweapons.

* The film adaptation of ''Film/{{Dune}}''

* The ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' series by Frank Herbert. The neo-medieval nature of the [[AbsentAliens human]] interstellar Imperium was explained in detail in the novels, but handwaved in the [[Film/{{Dune}} film]] and [[Series/{{Dune}} TV miniseries]]. The main historical parallel to the Imperium is the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire of the European Middle Ages, [[CultureChopSuey though elements from various other historical empires, nations and societies]] [[CocaPepsiInc are all over the place...]]
** Sort of. It is somewhat understood that the cause for the establishment of the system is due to The Machine War in the distant past, resulting in a ban on all technology that would replace humans.
* ''Literature/{{Safehold}}'' series has last humans settle on the eponymous planet without memories of their history and no space technology. Nine hundred years later world is close parallel of 15th-16th century world, with dominative Church of The God Awaiting (medieval catholicism InSpace). Charis takes place of Great Britain, Emerald is Ireland, Siddarmark is the young United States, Raven Lands are Germanies, Harchong mixes China with some Russian details and Desnair is Poland. Later it begins to emulate 30 Years War InSpace, although in more 18th -- early 19th century setting.
* The ''Literature/{{Foundation}}'' Series: The Galactic Empire is Imperial Rome, the Foundation-era galaxy is Medieval Europe. The entire arc is explicitly modeled on ''The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire''.
* ''The Literature/DragonridersOfPern'' series by Anne [=MacCaffrey=]. Pern was settled in Earth's future, but reverted to a technologically inferior mostly feudal society, partly due to the intent of the colonists, and partly due to the scourge of Thread. Most people live in natural and man-made cave systems carved out of cliffs[[note]]Thread can't consume non-living material, and they had neither the resources nor the infrastructure to build metal buildings[[/note]] called Holds. The Lord Holders are in charge of protecting and caring for the people under them, and the position is hereditary. Skilled workers live separately, in Crafthalls, similar to Guilds. The eponymous Dragonriders also live apart from Holders, and have their own system of governing themselves.
* Several societies in Creator/SMStirling[='=]s ''Literature/{{Emberverse}}'' fulfill this trope although it also has a foot in FantasyCounterpartCulture as supernatural elements creep in during the second trilogy. The Clan [=MacKenzie=] is based on a New Age interpretation (much against the liking of its founder) of a Celtic clan, while the Portland Protective Association was deliberately created by an SCA member as a copy of a medieval feudal society with trappings of [[Literature/LordOfTheRings Mordor]]. The oddest example are the Dúnedain Rangers founded by a mildly insane Tolkien fangirl who has a quasi-religious reverence for his books. There are also several "Indian" tribes many of whose members have, at best, only nominal amounts of First Nations ancestry and Norrheim, a Viking style nation founded by Asatru. The Republic of Boise claims to be the successor to the original United States but it's setup is much more like the Roman Republic, especially it's military. Meanwhile over in England "Mad King Charlie" tried to turn what remained of his nation into something of a vast Rennaisance Faire, although his subjects drew the line at Morris dancing.
** Much of the interior of North America in the Emberverse, and by implication many areas elsewhere, have types of spontaneous neofeudalism; they just don't have the self-conciously archaic vocabulary of the PPA. Instead of "barons" and "knights" they have "sheriffs" and "farmers/Ranchers"; instead of "serfs" or "peasants" they have "refugees" or "evacuees". And they have "emergency governors" or "Presidents pro-tem" (popularly known as "bossmen") instead of Lords Protector or Kings.
* The Instrumentality of Mankind sequence by Creator/CordwainerSmith is an interesting subversion, as the humans of the far future are, after living some centuries in a nondistinct, cultureless utopia, actively trying to resurrect the cultures of the past.
* The Queendom of Sol in WilMcCarthy's "Collapsium" and its sequels.
* In L. Neil Smith's ''Henry Martyn'', ''Bretta Martyn'' and their WebComic sequel, ''Phoebus Krumm'' the Monopolity of Hanover is based on Tudor England while its rival, the Jendyne Empery-Cirot is based on Spain of the same period.
* ''Literature/ACanticleForLeibowitz'', which is about a [[BadFuture future Earth]] set [[AfterTheEnd in the aftermath]] of a [[ApocalypseHow nuclear war]]. Society seems to have regressed to the Dark Ages, with only a few brave monks [[FlingALightIntoTheFuture recording the knowledge of humanity for future generations.]]
* Literature/TheTripods trilogy is a prime example of this. It takes place about 100 years in the future, but society is largely medieval style due to the effect of the Caps on their wearers-curtailing curiosity and causing them to reject technology.
* In the backstory of the ''Literature/VorkosiganSaga'', the planet Barrayar was cut off from the rest of the galaxy because of a disturbance in the spatial feature that allows interstellar travel. During that time, technology was lost, and the inhabitants reverted to feudalism and manorialism. The efforts to catch up with the rest of the galaxy are a major theme in the books.
* ''Literature/TheDinosaurLords'', while set in world that looks like Medieval-esque Europe (albeit less prudish and more agnostic one) wih dinosaurs, strongly implies that it's in fact the future, with "magic" being ClarkesThirdLaw-abiding tech and Paradise being a colony that regressed technologically. There are even nations such as Spaña, Irysh, Anglysh, Slavia etc.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'': The Star League is the Roman Empire, while the Successor States are Medieval Europe.
** Though the return to feudalism is explained in some of Michael A. Stackpole's earliest [=BattleTech=] novels. The rise of independent barons and feudal-esque land titles was a pragmatic response to the difficulties of managing the economies and lives of trillions of citizens across hundreds of light-years. Except during the Star League-era, communication and especially travel between star systems is vastly time consuming and expensive (compared to real 21st Century standards), therefore downloading authority for the governing and management of a system to a local governor or baronet is far more expedient than having everything done at a central bureaucracy many light years away.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'': Post-Constantine Rome. Its better days are behind it, technological advancement has slowed to a crawl, and the Imperium is facing threats inside and out but perhaps [[spoiler:Roboute Guilliman's]] return may help. For more specific examples, feudal worlds or μ-class planets, as they are dependent on local agriculture and the most advance tech are black powder guns and cannons. These worlds make for little use or need but some are used to find new recruits for {{SpaceMarine}}s from the nobles and warriors and may also be a Knight World, having warrior-noble houses pilot [[MiniMecha Knights]] to defend their countries and fight for the Imperium of Man.
* ''TabletopGame/FadingSuns'': Medieval Europe.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'': Imperial Rome.
** ''Traveller'' in many ways looks more like UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire what with the British noble titles, the [[SpaceIsAnOcean nautically derived traditions]] the exploration and colonization, and the wild frontier regions. Also the relation of the Imperium to it's member worlds seems more British then Roman. Traveller also has a FeudalFuture and the nobles have real power.
* ''TabletopGame/MutantChronicles'' has some of its Mega Corps having feudal themes. Bauhaus is based off of several Renaissance-through-19th-Century European countries, Imperial is based off a mix of Elizabethan and Victorian Imperial British, Mishima is Edo-era Japan with a few other East-Asian (mostly Chinese) elements.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/{{NieR}}'', which takes place 1,400 years after the ending in ''VideoGame/{{Drakengard}}'' in which Caim and Angelus end up in Shinjuku, takes place in a dying world where humanity is on the brink of extinction and society has since devolved mostly into a pseudo-medieval hellhole, though LostTechnology abounds.
* The Glitch in ''VideoGame/{{Starbound}}'' were part of a mass of robotic humanoids made to simulate cultural growth over a long period of years, and while most of these experiments [[LuddWasRight eventually wiped themselves out when they hit a certain point of advancement]], one group, due to a Glitch (which is where their name came from), wound up never moving past the Medieval period and believe that, through another glitch, any who advance technology are evil magicians to be slain. Players are one such self-aware glitch.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'': The episode ''The Late Philip J. Fry'' includes a Feudal Future with giraffes as feudal rulers over humans, along with Futurama relying heavily on the Days of Future Past trope in the whole series. In the pilot episode, while Fry is frozen and there's a montage of progress outside the window, there's a gag where buildings gradually build up and become more futuristic, then flying saucers fly by and destroy everything, then a castle starts to be built (only to be destroyed by flying saucers again).
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' is set in a mostly-FeudalFuture, divided into various monarchies run by what would seem to be the descendants of those who survived, mutated by [[UsefulNotes/NuclearWeapons The Great Mushroom War]].
* The planet Prysmos, the setting for ''Visionaries: Knights of the Magical Light'', also falls into this category. The opening scenes of the first episode show how all machines on the planet failed when its Three Suns aligned, though the precise reason this happened is never made clear. Within a few years, the once technologically advanced Prysmosians were living in a medieval-style society, though remnants of the Age of Technology can still be seen.

!Space Samurai

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Anime/SamuraiSeven'' combined the feudal era elements of the Kurosawa movie it was based on with HumongousMecha. Think peasants farming rice by hand being raided by massive cyborgs aloft with anti-grav.
* ''Anime/AfroSamurai'' has a culture of honour combat and sword fighting, in what looks like feudal Japan. With guns, mobile phones and robots thrown in.
* The manga series ''Basara'' takes place in what at first appears to be a fantasy world inspired by feudal Japan. As it's later revealed, it's actually Japan in a post-apocalyptic future.
* The manga ''Anime/{{Grenadier}}'' reveals over time that this is the case, in an AfterTheEnd sense, particularly with the appearance of TheDragon's [[ElectronicEyes Electronic Eye]], and the usage of a solar WaveMotionGun by the BigBad as his ultimate weapon during the final battle.

* The social order established by Orion Assante in ''ComicBook/{{Grendel}}'' incorporates a lot of feudal Japanese motifs and elements.
* ''SpaceUsagi'' anyone?

* ''Film/StarWars'', to a degree (the Jedi code of the warrior and Darth Vader having a [[PuttingOnTheReich part-stahlhelm]] part-samurai helmet).
** The Jedi robes in general were based on traditional Japanese clothing, to emphasize this.
** The Force is also loosely based on Taoist teachings.

* A planet mentioned in ''Literature/{{Armor}}'' by Creator/JohnSteakley has a feudal society with samurai trappings, deliberately founded by some guy with an enormous pile of money and a big ego. The Emperor is accompanied everywhere by a bodyguard whose duties, apart from the obvious, include beheading anybody who doesn't appear suitably impressed by the Emperor's magnificence. (Fortunately, the current Emperor is genuinely pretty darn impressive.)

* The cover artwork for the Music/BlueOysterCult LP ''Club Ninja'' shows an imaginatively rendered Space Samurai in predominantly red armour. Several songs on the LP perpetuate the Ninja association, ie ''Shadow Warrior''.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The major exceptions to the above in ''{{TabletopGame/BattleTech}}'' are the Draconis Combine and Capellan Confederation, which are Japan and China, respectively.
* TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}: Fans often accuse the Tau of being space Japanese, and, thus, anyone who plays them are called Weeaboos. This is perhaps because the costumes and vehicles of the Tau are inspired by East Asian clothing and architecture.
* In ''TabletopGame/MutantChronicles'' the Mishima MegaCorp is based of Feudal Japan with Samurais who strictly follow the Bushido code.
* The ''Three Galaxies'' setting of ''{{TabletopGame/Rifts}}'' has the Oni race, space-faring aliens based off a mixture of ancient and modern Japan. They have Samurai-inspired {{Cyborg}}s called Cyberai, their economy is almost entirely based off corporations called ''zaibatsu'', and their empire is known as the Bushi Federation.;

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Kusari in ''VideoGame/{{Freelancer}}'' have reverted back to feudal Japan, complete with lords and a shogun, although no samurai battles or ceremonial swords are shown.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Utawarerumono}}'', [[spoiler:the setting is far future Japan, which has reverted to a feudal system that seems to combine the Yamato and Ainu people's traditions.]] The rest of the world might be different, but we never see it.
* While ''Videogame/MetalGearRisingRevengeance'' takes place in a near future Earth that mostly matches modern politics and society, the characters and themes and especially the weapons and technology evoke the feeling of feudal Japan, complete with sword-wielding samurai cyborgs and characters who evoke the imagery of Buddhist and Hindu deities. There's even a section of one level where Raiden fights through a gratuitously-traditional Japanese village built in the middle of a corporate skyscraper in downtown Denver, Colorado.

* Webcomic/RoninGalaxy, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin not surprisingly]]. It's even called New Edo. [[http://www.roningalaxy.com/comic/3-38/ Just take a look at the samurai policeman on his robot steed.]]



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Anime/CowboyBebop'', as its name implies. The pioneering spirit is somewhat involuntary, being mostly due to the destruction of Earth's moon, scattering all those able to get away across the frontier of the solar system. If there is any "civilized homeland" left, it is on Mars, not Earth.
** However, this may be due to idiomatic translation. None of the main characters are cowboys in the Western sense. In fact, the DVD extras clarify that "cowboy" in Japanese may be more like "bounty hunter" in English. Which makes sense as ALL of the protagonists are bounty hunters (or want to be). But the Old West themes are still laid on pretty thick.
* ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'', much like ''Firefly'', has a Wild West society with advanced technology, but here it's explained as humanity doing what it has to in order to survive on the desert world it's stuck on.
* ''Anime/GunXSword'' also takes place in a western-style planet with HumongousMecha. It's more a spaghetti Western than other space-western anime.
* ''Manga/OutlawStar'' may fall more on the sci-fi side of things (with some Daoism and [[ClarksThirdLaw sufficiently advanced]] shenanigans thrown in) than the above examples, but the gun-slinging is plentiful, and there're enough bounty hunters and duels at [[RecycledInSpace binary sunset]] to give its narrative the Western vibe its title does.
* Most of Creator/LeijiMatsumoto's works have elements of this. The most notable elements are Anime/CaptainHarlock's Cosmo Dragoon (whose looks are heavily based on the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colt_Dragoon_Revolver Colt Dragoon]]), and the recurring world Heavy Meldar (whose main city, hosting the [[Manga/GalaxyExpress999 space train]] station, is modeled on the stereotypical western town).

* Parts of the Cursed Earth in ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'' strongly resemble the WildWest.

* ''[[RuleOfThree Star Wars]]'', Mos Eisley has the theme of a typical western town.
* ''Film/{{Outland}}'', which is basically ''Film/HighNoon'' [[InSpace IN SPACE!]]
* As with ''Firefly'', the setting of ''Serenity'' is basically just cowboys in space. With zombies.

* In Creator/IanMcDonald's ''Desolation Road'' and ''Ares Express'' the non-urban areas of Mars are very much like the Old West.
* Zack Hughes' ''For Texas and Zed''.
* Much of the third book of John Birmingham's ''Disappearance'' trilogy takes place in the western half of the United States which has once again become the Wild West only with truck convoys instead of wagon trains and the cavalry riding Humvees and helicopters. Also no Native Americans since they died along with everyone else. Plenty of Indians from India though as imported workers.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Firefly}}''; there are reasons for the Wild West/Australian Outback: After the Alliance won the Unification War, the planets that supported the Browncoats were "punished" for their rebellion by being deprived of many of the essentials that they once enjoyed. New colonists sent out by the Alliance are, according to Mal, dropped on a planet's surface with little more than basic tools and some livestock. Many of the outer planets' workers are forced into effective slavery by corrupt corporations and landowners, and the recently-terraformed nature of many of the worlds leaves them in a constant state of sparse, Western-style scrubland.
** The episode "Heart of Gold" handles it particularly well, with a local ruler forcing everyone to live out his own personal fantasy of ruling an old west town.
** As with most 19th-century based westerns, a recent civil war between a federal government and break-away "states" frames the story.[[note]]More or less. The core worlds colonized the rim worlds, and there hadn't originally been much central government. It's a matter of some dispute in-verse whether the Rim worlds were trying to "break away" from the Core, or whether the Core worlds were conquering the Rim.[[/note]] Incidentally, this makes the two "Browncoats" on the ''Serenity'' analogous to former Confederates.
* The original ''Series/{{Star Trek|The Original Series}}'' was described by its creator as being a space western. The show uses western-style fighting and is generally paced and acted as a western.
** Most of the primary cast had performed in westerns in the past (Creator/DeForestKelley in particular was well-known as a Bad Guy character actor before becoming Dr. [=McCoy=]) and westerns were the most popular shows on television during that period, so it's not surprising that ''Star Trek'' would follow that pattern.
* An episode of ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'' involved the crew stumbling across an Old West town on a planet light years from Earth. It turned out that the inhabitants were the descendants of humans abducted as slave labour by aliens sometime in the 19th century. Though that didn't explain why they hadn't made any cultural, sartorial or scientific advances in the intervening 300 years, despite having alien technology to work with. This start of affairs is notably averted in a similar-themed ''Voyager'' episode "The 37s", where the rebelled TransplantedHumans did indeed progress to a post-21st century society since 1937.
* ''Series/MaxHeadroom''. Lots of retro items still around (or recreated?) TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture.
* If one considers the plight of the Colonial fleet as analogous to the Mormon migration to Utah (in keeping with the strong Mormon themes throughout the show), then the original ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|1978}}'' also qualifies.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Deadlands}}'' being a Wild West game, its sequels ''Hell on Earth'' and especially ''Lost Colony'' have a good deal of the Western about them. While ''Hell on Earth'' is [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin set on Earth]], but after the advent of space travel, ''Lost Colony'' is literally in space, complete with the Native American analog aliens, the Anouk.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/StarCraft'' : The Terrans are modeled after TheWildWest, being (inadvertent) pioneers on a new frontier constantly expanding to new worlds, complete with [[DeepSouth southern drawls]], [[CorruptHick corrupt leaders]], and a government called the Confederacy.
** Raynor and Tychus used to rob trains. Raynor eventually became a Marshal and rallied up a posse to deal with the Zerg.
** Arcturus Mengsk even wears ceremonial uniforms not unlike those from the time of the UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar. He's basically clad as a fusion of Robert E. Lee and a Union officer.
** The Terrans are basically "TheWildWest [[JustForFun/XMeetsY meets]] (the book version of) ''Literature/StarshipTroopers''"
* ''VideoGame/WildGuns''. Cowboys ''and'' robots!
* ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands}}'' presents this theme through a desert planet inhabited by bandits and many guns, of which Jakobs brand guns fit the aesthetic. ''VideoGame/{{Borderlands 2}} even presents a Western-themed area with a vigilante sheriff, trains running through and even a showdown.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The 1980s cartoon ''WesternAnimation/{{Bravestarr}}''.
* Not to mention ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfTheGalaxyRangers''.
* And the trio of '80s animated {{Space Western}}s wouldn't be complete without ''Anime/SaberRiderAndTheStarSheriffs''...


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Although ''Manga/{{Aria}}'' takes place on Mars in the distant future, the city of Neo-Venezia was built explicitly as a recreation of classical Venice. Other recreations of Earth include a [[ShrinesAndTemples Japanese temple]] on a nearby island.
* Some locales in the different Franchise/{{Gundam}} universes evoke the past 100 years to a certain extent. This is more blatant in ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Gundam Wing]],'' and ''even more'' obvious (though justified) in ''Anime/TurnAGundam.''
* In a milder example, ''Anime/MartianSuccessorNadesico'''s ShowWithinAShow, Anime/{{Gekiganger 3}}, despite being almost identical to the 1970s SuperRobot anime it parodies, is said to have premiered in the year 2096.
* ''Anime/{{Gungrave}}'', though actually set in the far future on a different planet, captures the 1980s "Greed Is Good" Drug-Lords-of-America-aesthetique rather well.
* The Galactic Empire in ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes'' has a strong 19th century Prussian aesthetic.
* In ''Anime/{{Avenger}}'', the civilization on Mars seems an awful lot like the city-states of ancient Greece.
* Coming back to ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' again, the cities on Mars almost look indistinguishable from current terrestrial ones. They borrow from many examples such as New York and Hong Kong.

* Creator/CrossGen's MythArc spanned many series and worlds, some futuristic and some seemingly archaic, but all with humans. Meanwhile, back on Earth in ''Crux'', Geromi explains that humanity spread through the universe and colonized a lot of worlds. Which means that every other world we see, from steampunk-Victorian ''ComicBook/{{Ruse}}'' to medieval-fantasy ''ComicBook/{{Sojourn}}'' to feudal-Japanese ''The Path'' to Roaring-Twenties ''Mystic'' (to the ones that actually are sci-fi-ish), is actually in the distant future and was once colonized by spacefaring humans.

* ''Film/DarkCity'', ''Film/{{Brazil}}'', and ''Film/{{Gattaca}}'' all show a particular kind of this trope, focusing on a '20s and '30s FilmNoir look, inspired by GermanExpressionism.
* ''[[RunningGag Star Wars]]''
** ''Franchise/StarWars'' counts as all three. The western influence comes in location. Young Luke lives in the middle of a desert on a farm[[note]] A moisture farm, but a farm nonetheless.[[/note]], later meeting up with gunslinger Han Solo in a saloon-style cantina. The designs of the Jedi and Sith are heavily-samurai based, clothes resembling kimono and swords like katana. However, their behavior is medieval-based[[note]]As well as their monk-like robes.[[/note]] having a monastic lifestyle and parallels to wizards, especially in Palpatine and Obi-Wan Kenobi. The Jedi Code is a combination of both Bushido and Chivalry, both being similar to each other.
*** The space dogfights were explicitly based on the real thing from WWI, the Death Star could arguably be compared to things like the impossibly big tank projects Germany had running during both world wars (the K-wagen during the first, the Maus, Ratte and Monster during the second) or the atom bomb or both.
* ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'', which creates what is, overall, a mid-'70s to very-early-'80s atmosphere through its choice of music tracks and it's aesthetic cues for sci-fi.

* Piers Anthony's ''Cluster'' series had, as a rule of space colonization, that civilizations would regress in proportion to their distance from the original home planet. ItMakesSenseInContext, up to a point, except that they regressed ''exactly'' back into the history books; X light years away, you had atomic-age planets; further away than that, you had industrial revolution planets; further away than that, you had medieval planets; all the way out to the edge, where you have caveman planets.
* The culture of Nostrilia, from the Creator/CordwainerSmith novel of the same name, takes its name, language and many of its customs from the North Australia of the 19th and early 20th Centuries.
* In Charles Stross' ''Singularity Sky'' the planet it takes place on is very similar to Tsarist Russia including a smoldering revolutionary movement.
* Queztalia in James Morrow's ''Wine of Violence'' is an [[MarySuetopia idealized take]] on the Meso-American Toltec civilization.
* The ''Space Captain Smith'' series by Toby Frost is about a hero of the British Space Empire. On the covers he's shown in a red uniform, circa 1880, carrying a rifle that looks like a 19th century weapon with a futuristic scope attached.
* Creator/NealStephenson's ''Literature/TheDiamondAge'' takes place on a future earth where people have segregated themselves into several large "phyles," unified not by geography but by shared culture and beliefs. One of these phyles, New Atlantis, has based its laws and cultural practices on those of the American and English Victorian period, with the addition of [[ZeppelinsFromAnotherWorld zeppelins]]. The underlying idea is that nanotechnology has given everyone the tools to live more or less as they please, and broken the control of territorial governments over their citizens. So people wind up forming factions based on whatever culture they choose to live in. The neo-Victorians just happen to be the ones who adopt the main viewpoint character.
* Timothy Zahn's ''Quadrail'' series is a take on the Golden Age of Railroad, only the railroad is built and maintained by mysterious aliens and stretches between star systems.
* The urban areas of the Mars of Creator/IanMcDonald's ''Desolation Road'' and ''Ares Express'' have a very Jazz Age feel to them, including the planet's most popular musician being Music/GlennMiller, [[BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy who is inexplicably alive in the 28th century]] and [[{{Zeerust}} the music of the revolution being swing jazz, salsa and samba]].
* This trope isn't too heavily used in ''Literature/HonorHarrington'', but several of the societies described have specific historical parallels. The People's Republic of Haven takes on some of the characteristics of revolutionary and Napoleonic France, while the Star Kingdom of Manticore's society and military parallels the United Kingdom during the same era. There's also the emperor of an overwhelmingly ethnic Chinese interstellar polity who nonetheless modeled his empire after Prussia and the German Empire. Before the time period of the novels, Grayson was a moderately-backwards colony akin to feudal Japan, changing to pseudo-Meiji Japan during their first appearance. Other "neobarb" colonies that have lost contact with the outside world and regressed technologically are also shown. And, of course, the space technology of the novels, at least in early books, is set up precisely to allow classic Age of Sail battles in space.
* Christopher Stasheff ''Literature/WarlockOfGramarye'' series uses three, on different planets:
** Wolmar echoes the American Old West of fiction, with forts and traveling peddlers and an on-going war between the settlers and the natives.
** Otranto is a destination-vacation planet based on Victorian "Gothic" fiction, both romance and horror. Lampshaded in that ''Literature/TheCastleOfOtranto'' was a major work in the genre.
** Gramarye is a planet originally settled by members of the Society For Creative Anachronism; it was deliberately set up to follow the structure of medieval Europe.
* ''All The Things I've Done'' by Gabrielle Zevin takes place in Manhattan in the late 21st century, but has more elements of TheRoaringTwenties only without the "roaring" part. However, instead of alcohol being prohibited, it's chocolate and coffee that are prohibited(the main character's family runs a chocolate factory). In fact several offhand comments made by older characters suggest that the world is, in fact, stagnant.
* ''Literature/JulianComstock'' by Creator/RobertCharlesWilson presents an America that has regressed both technologically and socially to a mid-19th-century level due to the exhaustion of the world's oil supply.
* Most books written by french far right author Guillaume Faye advocate for the building of a ''Days Of Future Past'' Society. Faye dubs his plan "Archeofuturism" (Antique/Ancient Future) Right wing sites like Counter Currents frequently compare Fayes plans to Dune.
* The mixing of the historical and the futuristic is a reoccurring motif in ''Literature/AeonLegionLabyrinth''. [[ShiningCity Saturn City]], a city state founded by time travelers, has a culture that is a mix of Arabic, Latin, and Greek influences. The Aeon Legion who act as TimePolice use swords with DeflectorShields and even take on squires. Even the setting itself, called the [[PlaceBeyondTime Edge of Time]], is a place where all time blends together.
* ''Literature/{{Victoria}}'', set in the 2030s, has strong tendencies toward this. There is a general monarchist revival, with [[UsefulNotes/ImperialRussia Russia]], [[KaiserReich Germany]] and [[UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan Japan]] (among other nations) restoring their old imperial systems of absolute monarchy; various archaic political systems, from Nazism and Communism to theocracy, enjoying their own resurgences; and, as modern society collapses, old ways of living seeing a renaissance. The setting even has an actual nation of [[LadyLand Amazons]]! The Northern Confederation, the "hero" faction of the book, implement an Articles of Confederaton-style, bare-bones libertarian republic based on yeoman farming, steam-powered rail and [[SchizoTech cold-fusion-powered airships]].

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* On ''[[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Star Trek]]'', the ''Enterprise'' visited a few worlds that paralleled Earth's history. Strangely, each time they found a different explanation for that world's existence. In "Bread and Circuses" they encountered a world that mirrored a 20th Century [[UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Roman Empire]] with Christianity beginning to emerge (Kirk mentioned a theory of "parallel evolution"). "A Piece of The Action" had a planet re-enacting TheRoaringTwenties (previous Federation visitors left a book about Chicago mobs behind, and the locals made that their bible). "Patterns of Force" had a world modeled after UsefulNotes/NaziGermany (a historian tried to restore the world's collapsing society, hoping to avoid the evils of the Nazis, which went about as well as can be expected).
** Interestingly, the latter example has the Space!Nazis picking the inhabitants of a neighboring planet as their "subhuman" enemy. The planet's name? Zeon ("Zion" is a synonym for Jerusalem).
* ''Series/{{Caprica}}'' followed ''Film/{{Gattaca}}'' in making its futuristic society look like 1950s or early '60s USA in terms of fashion and product design. Officially, this was CulturalTranslation combined with the LiteraryAgentHypothesis: ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'' had used 2000s USA fashions and ''Caprica'' was set a few decades before, so the design choices were supposed to put us in the mindset of an earlier era.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* It can be assumed that the pre-Armageddon American society was something like this in the ''VideoGame/{{Fallout}}'' series of games. While much of the technology was pretty advanced by today's standards (laser guns and robots), the computer monitors were all monochrome [=CRT=]s and everything had a very retro 1950s feel to it.
** Could be described as "Vacuumpunk", with most technology being based (or at least having the appearance of being based) on vacuum tube technology.
** Caesar's Legion ([[ItsPronouncedTropay pronounced]] ''Kai-sar'' by the legionnaires) is a huge slaver nation with the style of dress based on military uniforms of AncientRome. The ranks are also borrowed from Rome: legionnaires and centurions. Of course, by that token Caesar himself should be wearing the imperial purple.
*** It's not Augustus' Legion. Caesar was merely Dictator.
** ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' also has Space/Future Western themes.
* ''VideoGame/{{Mother 3}}'' takes place in a future in which society has been taken back (or forward?) because [[spoiler: humans have all gathered on a single island that survived the end of the world and erased their memories.]] They are fascinated when machines are brought to them via time travel, and they start off not using money.
* The setting of the ''VideoGame/IronGrip'' games is a [[PlayingWithATrope mostly]] [[MedievalEuropeanFantasy feudal]] SteamPunk LowFantasy world, but it's generally hard to pigeon-hole one or even two single historical eras it resembles the most. In broad terms, it has a blend of culture, architecture, tech and overall atmosphere that wouldn't look out of place in eras as varied as TheMiddleAges, UsefulNotes/TheRenaissance, the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar, UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars, UsefulNotes/VictorianBritain, UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia, UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, [[GenteelInterbellumSetting the decades between them...]] Not only CultureChopSuey, but full-blown [[AnachronismStew Era Chop Suey]] [[RuleOfCool as well]]...
* The {{generation ship}} in ''Visualnovel/{{Analogue A Hate Story}}'' regresses from a generally egalitarian society to one resembling the oppressive Joseon era, even to the extent of reverting from from Hangul to Chinese characters.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/StringTheory'' takes place in the United States, where it's scientifically the 2050s but morally/socially the 1950s.
** Beckey (creator): Unfortunately, in the world this comicís set in (the 1950s of the future!), people arenít very accepting or understanding of different sexual orientations. Actually, folks arenít very accepting in general. It's a distrust of foreign cultures and ideas, mostly, mixed with good old fashioned repressed victorian standards and ideals.
* ''Webcomic/ZombieRanch'' shows a world where, in the wake of a ZombieApocalypse, the reaches of the Southwestern U.S. seem to have reverted to an [[TheWildWest Old West]]/frontier model of society. Even the Safe Zones seem to have adopted variations on old-time fashion and accessories alongside more modern ones.
* ''ArthurKingOfTimeAndSpace'' transplants the cast of the Arthurian mythos into a futuristic Space Opera (among other things). This gives us a setting where medieval kings hold court on their starships, and knights joust with fighter craft, and fight space pirates. Then things get really weird when Merlin, a time traveler, reveals the entirety of Earth's history has been space-opera-fied as well; the earliest history anyone in the setting knows is the Eden Colony formed after the destruction of the theoretical origin planet, and Arthur gets to go back and visit Space Hercules on Planet Greece, plus Space Jesus, Space Noah, and many more.

[[folder:Web Originals]]
* ''Literature/{{Nonpachyderm}}'' is exclusively set here, with a society that has split into two groups, one mostly with high technology but no capacity for food production, the other able to farm and manage agriculture. This leads to a trading culture with technology and its benefits traded for the basics required for life

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''The WesternAnimation/SuperFriends'' has several episodes set on alien planets based on periods of Earth history. Texacana is a wild west planet, Camelon is a medieval planet, and Zagdad is an Arabian Nights planet.
* ''WesternAnimation/SamuraiJack'' is set in a BadFuture where robot Vikings exist side-by-side with hidden Spartan villages, futuristic versions of 1930's Chicago, and SouthernBelle {{Bounty Hunter}}s.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* TruthInTelevision: Some social reformers have deliberately attempted to re-create the past -- or at least the version of the past they idealized. Examples include the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire (an attempt to restore the Roman Empire -- "Kaiser" and "Czar"/"Tsar" are derivatives of "Caesar"), and Imperial Japan after Perry's arrival (an attempt to recreate the older Imperial Japan).
* One of the main tenets of the french right wing philosopher Guillaume Faye is that the future civilisation will have to be rebuild this way after a cataclysm.