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[[quoteright:342:[[Discworld/TheLastHero http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/GodChessSmallJ_7963.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:342:The gods don't [[CosmicPlaything toy with humanity]]; [[ManipulativeBastard they play it]].]]

An extension of CosmicPlaything, where two or more gods (or similarly powered entities) are effectively using the entire world as a game board. Often [[BlackAndWhiteMorality one god is portrayed as actually caring about his pawns while his opponent is pure evil]]. May lead to a RageAgainstTheHeavens when the heroes find out they've been used. Often a god acts specifically through one mortal or a small group, sometimes an entire species.

A subtrope to DivineConflict. Contrast ChessWithDeath. HumanChess is this on a much lower scale.

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!!Examples:

[[AC:{{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* For much of ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'', the antagonists were being used as tools by [[spoiler:[[TheChessmaster Sosuke Aizen]]]], while the protagonists were manipulated as surrogates by [[GuileHero Kisuke Urahara]].
* In ''Manga/SaintSeiya'', the goddess Athena and her rivals Poseidon and Hades would serve this way for their armies. Athena was unique in that she frequently gave her champions a power boost if they were close to losing, a risky gambit since every time she did so she had to conserve power to stop a global threat.
* The Witches' Game in ''VisualNovel/UminekoNoNakuKoroNi''. Unique in that it's fairly small in scope, limiting itself to a small island with 18 people in it. Until the Voyagers reveal the whole of what's going on: namely, an infinite number of the same small islands with the same 18 people on it thanks to the SchrodingersCat scenario.
* In the Millennium World arc of the ''Manga/YuGiOh'' manga and the [[Anime/YuGiOh anime's final season]], it's revealed that all the events happening in the Pharaoh's Memory World are taking place during a Cosmic Role-Playing Game between Dark Yugi and Dark Bakura. Moreso in the manga, where the rules are explained and the game is consistently seen being played after the reveal as any other traditional role-playing game would with the simulated events from the Memory World happening simultaneously, whereas in the anime the rules are vague and the table is a giant TV screen.

[[AC:ComicBooks]]
* Creator/MarvelComics' Grandmaster does this regularly - it's his [[PlanetOfHats Hat]]. Sometimes he's the good guy and sometimes he's the bad guy.
* Another Creator/MarvelComics example... In the Creator/AlanMoore penned issues of ''ComicBook/CaptainBritain'', Merlin and Roma are literally playing chess with the main characters: they have a chess board with pieces that look like the characters, and the fate of Captain Britain's universe is at stake in the game. At one point a killer robot shoots CB with a laser beam or something, and Merlin tries to protect him in a rather literal way by putting his hands around the CB chess piece, which saves CB but gets Merlin's hands burned. The game returns in ''Comicbook/{{Excalibur}}'' v1, even being used as the basis for the cover of issue #47.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Thor}}'', Thor once saw all Asgard asleep, except for his father who was playing chess with a foe. He goes off to the foe's realm to cause trouble and disrupt the game. Sif stops him, and he learns that if he had succeeded, Odin would have forfeited the game -- he has acted as the enemy's piece. Fortunately, the game ended in a draw. The idea comes up again in the ''Comicbook/OriginalSin'' tie-in miniseries ''The Tenth Realm'': [[spoiler:Odin's imprisonment of [[Comicbook/FearItself the Serpent]] in Asgard is represented as a game the two of them are playing, with Odin always winning. When Loki comes to get Odin's assistance, Odin's forfeiture of the game frees the Serpent.]]
* In the ''ComicBook/SupermanBatman'' story "With a Vengeance", SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker (using RealityWarper abilities stolen from Bat-Mite) and Mr. Mxyzptlk play a board game with their pieces being an assortment of Superman and Batman-related characters.

[[AC:FanFic]]
* The premise of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' fanfic "Chess Game of the Gods" is that Discord, when he was free for the short duration before encased in stone again, started a literal Chess Game of the Gods, with the players being Celestia, Luna, Discord, Athena, Terra (Goddess of Equs, the planet), Lady Luck, and others, and the chess pieces being humans, transformed into anything other than ponies, and sent to Equestria or its surroundings to do their part. This has led to several different writers making their own contributions, collaborating with others, and making their mark in the series' canon.
* The idea of an immortal game is thrown around several times in ''Fanfic/TheImmortalGame'', even in the very beginning, where Celestia refers to [[spoiler: her weakened self]] and the corrupted Twilight Sparkle as nothing more than pieces on the board. [[BigBad Titan]], on the other hand, views it very differently, instead seeing it as a game he has already won. Notably, the story was originally called ''Ponies Make War'', until the author decided to rename in order to get the concept across better.
* In {{Starcrossed}}, Q and his mysterious partner are playing a game with the Federation and Empire as pieces. [[spoiler: Currently, there is a cliffhanger with another Q discovering a second board... and its pieces are the gods.]]
* ''FanFic/{{Webwork}}'' reveals right at the beginning that the BalanceBetweenGoodAndEvil is one of these between the [[EldritchAbomination entities]] that represent Light and Darkness, with each manipulating everything that occurs in the mortal world, large and small, in order to advance their side.

[[AC:{{Film}}]]
* In the 1981 ''ClashOfTheTitans'', Perseus is guided and protected by his father Zeus, while Calibos is aided by his mother Thetis. Both use clay figures to plot destinies.
* In the 2010 ''ClashOfTheTitans'', Perseus is guided and protected by his father Zeus (which is interesting since Perseus is in this movie opposing him), while Calibos is aided by Hades, who had a ''real'' easy time of convincing him considering the (not entirely undeserved) doozy Zeus pulled on him.
* ''JasonAndTheArgonauts'' are watched, challenged and aided by the Gods in Olympus, who plot their movements on a game board.
* In ''Franchise/StarWars'', Jedi and Sith are guided by opposing parts of the ''same'' entity, The Force. Which is given a {{Deconstruction}} and drives the primary plot of KnightsOfTheOldRepublic II. [[spoiler: Kreia]] is manipulating ''you'' in order to destroy the proverbial playing board.
* The end of Film/MenInBlack reveals that [[spoiler: the whole universe is nothing but a huge cosmic ''marble game'' played by aliens. The marbles are entire galaxies.]]
* A variation occurs in the 2004 movie "Immortal" or "Ad Vitam", where two Egyptian animal-headed gods play chess in their floating pyramid situated above a futuristic metropolis.
* Played with in TheGamersHandsOfFate, in which the characters of a CCG seem to become aware they are playing pieces.

[[AC:{{Literature}}]]
* In ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'', the heroes are guided by BigGood The Ellimist, while Crayak is behind the Yeerks and other adversaries. They're both godlike beings who've AscendedToAHigherPlaneOfExistence.
* In Creator/DavidEddings' ''Literature/TheBelgariad'', the heroes and villains are respectively guided by two opposing Purposes of the Universe. The heroes have an advantage in that they receive instructions directly, whereas the BigBad Torak does not grant his minions this privilege. In ''TheElenium'', it seems as though events are being manipulated by a couple of gods. In ''The Tamuli'', it turns out that everything, including the gods who thought they were doing the manipulating, is actually being manipulated by two beings who spend their time creating worlds and then fighting over them. In ''TheRedemptionOfAlthalus'', the two sides are being guided/manipulated by two of the three sibling gods. Yeah, David Eddings really likes this trope.
* ''Literature/FafhrdAndTheGrayMouser'' have their lives often controlled by their sorcerous advisors, Ningauble of the Seven Eyes and Sheelba of the Eyeless Face. Interestingly, Ningauble and Shellba have more of a friendly rivalry then being enemies of each other.
* The early novels in the ''Literature/NightWatch'' series were all about this: as their PowerLevels approach godhood, Others lose the ability to influence events directly without causing a reality warp. When that happens, they start relying on convoluted plans involving multiple {{Unwitting Pawn}}s to continue the eternal struggle between Light and Darkness. The protagonists of the books usually find themselves either in the middle of this clash or in the shoes of said unwitting pawns. [[spoiler:And then, there is the Inquisition that constantly plays the Night and Day Watches for utter fools.]]
* Appears several times in the Literature/{{Discworld}} series:
** Appears particularly in ''Discworld/TheColourOfMagic'' and ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'' -- it's implied to be going on ''all the time'', but those books happen to star CosmicPlaything Rincewind. Most of the gods are involved, but the best players appear to be Fate and "The Lady" (implied to be Lady Luck, but of course [[TheScottishTrope saying her name is unlucky]]).
--> Thunder rolled. It rolled a six.
** More prominently appears in Discworld/TheLastHero, in which among other things, the heroes realize the gods are the ones who give them the maps they use while adventuring.
** Near the end of ''Discworld/SmallGods'', [[spoiler:the newly repowered Om intervenes to ''stop'' one of these, having learned what it's like to be one of the pieces.]]
** Pops up repeatedly as an aside or gag in books where gods aren't directly involved, generally to the effect of "the gods play games, but they're not [[SmartPeoplePlayChess smart enough for chess]]." It's usually more like Snakes and Ladders with greased rungs.
* Often happens in ''Literature/{{Xanth}}'' with the Demons. In fact, it gets to the point where there's fairly even chance that any [[TheReveal reveal]] will be a Demon wager on the actions of mortals.
* In the ''BookOfSwords'' fantasy series by Creator/FredSaberhagen, the gods produced a number of incredibly powerful artifact swords with fantastic magical powers, with the intent of giving them to a number of humans as part of some kind of cosmic chess game between the gods. But the swords were so powerful that they allowed the people holding them to become players in their own right. By the end of the third book (of eleven), the gods had lost.
* In the {{Branion}} series, the gods are seen in vision playing "strategy" for influence. Sometimes, however, they come to earth and take over the bodies of their heroes, literally fighting it out on the battlefield. This is painful and deadly for the pawns.
* While it's fairly common practice in the ''PerryRhodan'' universe for entities that have AscendedToAHigherPlaneOfExistence to recruit and use anywhere from chosen individuals to entire species as pawns and auxiliaries, the probably most famous example is the literal "cosmic chess game" between ''It'' (ES in the German original) and its EnemyWithout ''Anti-It'' for final absolute control over their shared-but-contested-for-millennia territory that includes but isn't limited to both the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies (issues #600-649). Naturally, the series protagonist ends up being one of the main pawns.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov wrote a short story in which mankind manages to completely eradicate cockroaches from the planet... at which point the universe ends, because it was just a SimulationGame being played by two gods, where each player creates a species, and the winner is the one whose species survives longest.
* Parodied in ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy1'': “There was one planet off in the seventh dimension that got used as a ball in a game of intergalactic bar billiards. Got potted straight into a black hole.” (PS: ten billion killed)

[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* ''Series/BabylonFive'', the young races to the Shadows and the Vorlons.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In ''The Armageddon Factor'' (the finale of the Key To Time StoryArc) the Doctor - who was sent on a PlotCoupon mission to get the parts of the Key To Time by the White Guardian - is opposed by the Shadow, who was sent by the Black Guardian to get the pieces of the Key.
** In Seasons 25 and 26 there are hints that the Seventh Doctor, who here began to be portrayed as a more godlike figure and Chessmaster, is playing a game against an unknown opponent. It is finally revealed his opponent is the EldritchAbomination Fenric, who he beat at a Chess game centuries ago, but who has been manipulating events since [[ArcWelding Season 24]].
* For a while, ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' had this when Rita gained the Green Ranger to oppose Zordon and the rangers. Of course, he eventually [[SixthRanger switched sides.]]
* In ''TruCalling'', Jack was working for TheGrimReaper (or simply [[YouCantFightFate Fate]]), while the titular Tru had been chosen by an unknown power to save lives by way of GroundhogDayLoop. Interestingly, a suicide caused the two spirits to swap champions for an episode.
* In ''Series/{{Lost}}'', everyone's a piece to be used by [[LightIsNotGood Jacob]] and [[TragicMonster the Man in Black]], but the Oceanic 815 survivors are the main pieces.

[[AC:TableTopGames]]
* The stated reasoning behind the games of the TabletopGame/{{Illuminati}} in the card game of the same name.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Nobilis}}'': The Player Characters can and probably will do this.
* This is what ''TabletopGame/{{Scion}}'' could be perceived as being about. At least one illustration uses the concept - the opening image of the Pantheon chapter in ''Hero'' 1e, with the signature characters as the pieces and their divine parents watching the board.
* ''TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse'', in that it is about the cosmic struggle of Order, Chaos, and Corruption.

[[AC:VideoGames]]
* In ''VideoGame/BlazBlue'' all the heroes seem to be controlled by Rachel or Jubei ([[spoiler: since they're all some combination of Jubei's students, Rachel's "servants" or Kokonoe's subordinates. Or are friends thereof.]]) in some roundabout way while all the villains appear to be manipulated by Hazama ([[spoiler: Mostly because they're being [[ForcedIntoEvil extorted]], {{brainwashed}}, {{More Than Mind Control}}led or {{Mind Rape}}d]]). The few exceptions being Arakune (completely insane and almost driven entirely by instinct) and Carl Clover (who has his own business with his father) and Bang Shishigami (who's in to promote [[JusticeWillPrevail JUSTICE]]).[[spoiler:We later find out that the real BigBad Izanami is using Terumi and Relius as pawns the entire time and they never were control to being with.]]
* In ''Franchise/CrashBandicoot,'' Crash and his friends are guided by the ancient witch-doctor mask Aku Aku, while [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate Dr.]] Cortex and ''his'' gang are controlled by Aku Aku's EvilTwin Uka Uka.
* In ''VideoGame/DeadSpace'', Isaac is guided by [[spoiler:The Red Marker in the form of hallucinations of his dead girlfriend]]. Meanwhile MadScientist Dr. Mercer seems to be getting (un)holy visions from the HiveMind, not to mention the legion of Necromorphs it's sending to kill Isaac.
* ''[[DissidiaFinalFantasy Dissidia]]'' has Chaos and Cosmos doing this quite explicitly.
* In ''IndigoProphecy'', Lucas is guided by [[spoiler:a race of anti-human AI's, and the SerialKiller Mayan priest by a human cabal. And there's a faction of {{Almighty Janitor}}s who know and see everything.]]
* Kun Lan and Harman Smith, from ''VideoGame/{{Killer7}}'' are another example, and they even have ''pieces'' to play with (Harman has the Smiths and Kun Lan has the targets the Smiths are looking for).
* In the ''VideoGame/SoulSeries'', Soul Edge and Soul Calibur, two sentient swords, use their powers to manipulate others to fight for them.
* The ending cinematic of VideoGame/{{Hexen}} implies that by killing the final boss you have just made a move on one of these chessboards.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Persona 2}}'', humanity is guided by two mysterious all-powerful entities known as Philemon and Nyarlathotep, and they have a bit of a competition to see whose path humanity will eventually choose. Interestingly, both of them are also aspects of humanity's collective subconscious.
* ''VideoGame/HercsAdventures'' opens on a chess game between Zeus and Hades. The playable characters are the only pieces Zeus has left.

[[AC:WebComics]]
* ''Webcomic/{{Housepets}}'': Recently turned out to have a game of "Universes & Unrealities" between a Dragon and a Gryphon (with a Kitsune [=GMing=]).
* ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'' with the forces of Derse and Prospit battling on Skaia (a planet with chessboard soil).
* ''Webcomic/TheMeek'': the two spirits in this case are [[CainAndAbel brothers]]. And one is a giant white cave salamander and the other a vast, malformed tiger with glowing eyes.
* The gods of ''Webcomic/TwoKinds'' seem to be doing this with the humans and keidrans.
* At the ending of ''Webcomic/The10Doctors'', Ten finds out that all that mess was caused by [[spoiler:the Guardians of Time]], who were playing chess with a board and pieces representing the characters. Obviously, he is not amused.

[[AC:WebOriginal]]
* In ''Roleplay/TheGamersAlliance'', the gods prefer manipulating mortals to do their bidding and fight wars for them when possible. Nergal the God of War goes as far as to refer to mortals as his pawns and actually likens the millennia-spanning conflict between the gods to a comic chess game which he intends to win.
* Some of the more cynical inhabitants of the ''OrionsArm'' universe think the [[DeusEstMachina archailects]] are doing this to modosophont life for their own amusement.
* The Grand Game in ''Franchise/TheFearMythos'' is implied to be one of these. The Fears are causing terror, making and breaking alliances with one another and ruining lives for the sake of a game they're playing against one another. Earth is the board and we are the pawns.

[[AC:WesternAnimation]]
* In the Christmas episode of ''WesternAnimation/ClassOfTheTitans'', Cronus abducts Zeus and forces him to play a game of chess. Cronus uses monsters as his pieces; Zeus's pieces are the seven heroes.

[[AC:RealLife]]
* The UsefulNotes/ColdWar is the closest real life analog. Since a direct clash between the Soviet Union and the United States could potentially have ended all human life or at least human civilization, the Cold War was largely spent trying to secure the best position in case that clash were to actually happen, with proxy wars being fought across aligned territories.
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