[[caption-width-right:350:And the award for Most Meta Cosplayer goes to...the Carpet Soldiers!]]

Just a thin line above true {{Invisibility}}, a character simply fades from sight by taking on the appearance (color and pattern) of the background behind them. Generally done by characters of supernatural leanings, but doesn't require actual possession of invisibility ([[InvisibilityCloak cloak]] or otherwise).

See also WallpaperCamouflage. Related to VisibleInvisibility.
Worth noting that [[HollywoodChameleons real chameleons can't actually do this]].



* In a commercial for drunk-driving, a couple of cops hide this way while surveying some men staggering from the sidewalk to their cars.
* [[http://www.johnohagandirector.com/portfolio/toyota-chameleon An Ontario Toyota Dealers ad]] shows a young woman examining a Toyota Camry when a salesperson walks up to her. She then tries hiding from him by slamming herself against the car and morphing her body to turn into the car's coloration. The salesperson continues talking about the car's attributes, then makes it clear that her disguise isn't working.

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In the various ''Franchise/GhostInTheShell'' incarnations this is known as thermoptic camouflage, presumably because it also works in infrared.
* Teana's Optic Hide spell in ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS'' works this way.
* In ''Manga/OnePiece'' the minor villain Zeo is a carpet shark fishman, and can change his color to blend with the ground and apparently disappear. Played for Laughs when he gets stomped and clubbed by his own men.
* Dagomon from ''Anime/DigimonXrosWarsTheYoungHuntersLeapingThroughTime.''
** Chamelemon. It's kinda in the name.
* In ''Manga/{{Toriko}}'', Midora's VillainTeleportation is revealed to be this.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* British comic ''Cor!!'' once featured a two-page strip titled "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kid_Chameleon_(comics) Kid Chameleon]]". The title character was [[WildChild raised by lizards]] (!) in the Kalahari (with a little help from some local Bushmen), and wore a suit of chameleon scales to camouflage himself. Don't ask how he did it, but the background colours were allowed to show through his outline.

* Played for laughs in ''Film/{{Toys}}''. Patrick is usually introduced to a scene dressed exactly like some part of the scenery.
* ''Film/{{Predator}}'': The Predator's camouflage armor worked this way.
* Caesar's spy in the animated version of ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}} and Cleopatra''. He can even shapeshift into building stones or other scenery elements.
* ''Film/GIJoeTheRiseOfCobra:'' The Joe's stealth suit.
* One of the Ursa's abilities in ''Film/AfterEarth''.
* Bond's car can do this in ''Film/DieAnotherDay'' by projecting the image on one side of the car from the other, presumably adjusting for any distance difference.
* DumbAndDumberTo: Captain Lippencott does this twice.
* The ''Indominus Rex'' from ''Film/JurassicWorld'' has this ability thanks to being spliced with cuttlefish DNA.
* Weeman does this in Jackass 3.5

* All adult [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Tree_Python Green Tree Pythons]] in the book ''Literature/{{Verdi}}'' are this.
* Being raised by ghosts, Bod does it very well in ''Literature/TheGraveyardBook''.
* From ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'', Susan Sto Helit, Granny Weatherwax and her apprentice Tiffany Aching have powers to do this. The young Vetinari learns this in ''Discworld/NightWatch'' (to the point that [[{{Irony}} he nearly fails his Camouflage class for nonattendance]]), and Vimes has an uncanny ability to blend neatly into shadows.
* ''Literature/HarryPotter:'' The Disillusionment Charm has this effect, and if done well enough can confer actual invisibility. Putting it on a garment is one way to make an InvisibilityCloak, though the charm fades over time.
* Warders in ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'' series wear cloaks made of a material called fancloth which has this property. The effect is notably disconcerting when they have their hood down or are on a horse.
* ''Literature/TheSwordOfTruth'' has mriswith, lizard people capable of changing their color for a fairly good concealment. They also wear capes which do the same, but much better.
* In the ''Literature/HyperionCantos'', military PowerArmor works that way.
* In Tamora Pierce's ''Wild Magic,'' a dragon explains to the (human) protagonist that their scales change colour to match their emotional state.
* In the ''Literature/{{Redwall}}'' novel ''Marlfox'', this is the ability that marks the eponymous Marlfoxes.
* Deconstructed in ''Literature/BeetleInTheAnthill'', when Abalkin explores a deserted planet, equipped with a suit that is supposed to give him whole-body camouflage. However, it malfunctions and doesn't actually do anything, so Abalkin takes off his helm for better vision. Then, just as he encounters the local HumanAliens, the suit suddenly powers up and presents him as a floating head, scaring the shit out of the locals (to the point where they open fire).
* ''Literature/InCryptid:'' The Sleestaks, as well as several other cryptids.
* In the ''Wings of Fire'' series, the [=RainWing=] species of dragon can do this simply by concentrating.
--> ''Warm bursts of sunlight nudged through the leafy canopy, making all their scales glow. Glory let her scales turn whatever colour they wanted. A shimmery beetle green spread all over her, touched here and there with curls of amber. She liked the feeling of matching the trees and sunbeams.''
--> ''[...]''
--> '' She concentrated on the steady'' drip-drip ''of the swamp around them, staring down at the thick brown mud oozing through her claws. She imagined the fog winding around her wings, slipping into the cracks in her scales, and spreading like grey clouds rolling across the sky.''
-->''"Aaaand she's gone," Tsunami said.''
-->''"She's still there," Sunny piped up. She edged closer to Glory and bumped into one of her wings. "See? Right there."''
* ''Literature/{{Idlewild}}'' has a suit of future-military-surplus armor that performs this function.
* Polycarbon in Creator/WilliamGibson's ''Literature/SprawlTrilogy'' changes colors to match its surroundings. In ''Literature/{{Neuromancer}}'' Molly wears a suit made of the stuff, while in ''Literature/CountZero'' Turner flies a plane coated in polycarbon.
* In ''Liturature/TheLostWorld1995'', the ''Carnotaurus'' that stalk some of the group have this ability, able to seamlessly blend in with any surroundings. They are so effective at what they do that ''[[TheDreaded raptors]]'' are scared to cross through their territory at night.
* In ''Literature/{{Hammerjack}}'', Corporate Special Services soldiers wear armor which changes its color and pattern to match the surroundings, making them nearly invisible to the naked eye.
* A magical version in ''Literature/TheSpiritThief''. Eli's catsuit has threads of seven different colours. When he awakens their spirits, they move around as to make the entire suit blend in with its surroundings as closely as it's possible, though Eli notes that he'd need at least a hundred different colours for anything resembling perfect camouflage.
* The person responsible for the killings in ''Series/TheXFiles'' novel ''Goblins'' has this ability, which is a result of a secret government project that is seeking to create the perfect spy/assassin who can blend into his/her surroundings.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Zhaan did this in an episode of ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' when she turned invisible by blending with other foliage (she's a plant).
* Eugene Bryant in the ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' episode "Wallflower" has this ability, since he's been genetically modified to shift his pigment around like an octopus.
* One episode of ''Series/TheAvengers'' had a villain escape prison and attempt to murder John Steed with such a gimmick.
* A natural ability of Nestov and other Dessarians on ''Series/{{Tracker}}''. They can both blend into any environment in a more general sense and literally disappear into the background of it.
* The Jem'Hadar of ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'' have this ability, which is somewhat fitting as they look a bit like humanoid Jackson's chameleons.
* The TARDIS' "chameleon circuit" on ''Series/DoctorWho'' takes its name from this. Ideally, it's supposed to "blend in" with its surroundings by changing its outer hull into something inconspicuous (e.g. a large boulder, a sedan chair, etc.) It just so happens that the Doctor's has a broken one, which stopped working when it took the shape of a London police-box.
* This was Trent's unmorphed power in ''Series/PowerRangersDinoThunder'', although in practice it was identical to Tommy's invisibility.

[[folder:Tabletop RPG]]
* ''Dark Conspiracy'' supplement ''Darktek''. The alien [=ET=]'s had a Chameleon Suit which changed its colors to match the background.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' supplement ''Shadowtech''. A chemical compound called ruthenium polymers could be used to change something's color (e.g. a stealth suit or vehicle) to match what was behind it, allowing it to blend in and disappear.
* ''Tabletopgame/DungeonsAndDragons''
** The 1st Edition Fiend Folio introduced the Skulk, a humanoid creature whose camouflage ability allowed them to blend into any background. They used this ability to sneak around stealing and murdering.
** The Cloak of Elvenkind had chameleon-like abilities, allowing the wearer to be almost invisible in natural surroundings. The Ring of Chameleon Power had a similar effect.
** 1st Edition ''Oriental Adventures'' supplement. The Chameleon spell granted this ability to the wu-jen casting it.
* Iron Crown Enterprises' ''Cyberspace'' RPG. The C-Cloth (Chameleon Cloth) coverall could change colors to match its surroundings.
* The ''TabletopGame/HollowEarthExpedition'' supplement ''Secrets of the Surface World'' had a Chameleon Suit as a possible Weird Science gadget.
* ''TabletopGame/GammaWorld''. The Chameleon Powers mutation allowed its user to change its colors and blend into the surroundings.
* The ''Mutant Future'' RPG (which ripped off its list of mutations from ''TabletopGame/GammaWorld'') had the Chameleon Epidermis mutation that worked the same way.
* ''Terran Trade Authority'' RPG. The Camo Suit scanned the area around it and replicated it on the surface of the suit, causing it to blend into the surroundings. This rendered the wearer almost invisible in low light situations and partially camouflaged even in bright light.
* Fantasy Games Unlimited's ''TabletopGame/{{Aftermath}}!''. Blends are mutants who can change their skin to become the same color and pattern as any background they're standing next to. They are almost completely invisible when standing still, but have a higher chance of being spotted while moving.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** Tyranid Lictors. The special Lictor "Deathleaper" does it so well that it automatically drops the accuracy stat of anyone trying to shoot at him to 1.
** Space Marine Camo Cloaks, which give a bonus to your [[ConcealmentEqualsCover cover save]].
* Staple technology in ''TabletopGame/{{Infinity}}'', where it's used by every faction to keep everything from snipers to repeater drones to [[MiniMecha Cutters]] concealed from enemy fire.
* ''TabletopGame/{{BattleTech}}'' features "mimetic" stealth suits and battle armor, and rare, highly experimental, and of course top secret versions even exist for the setting's HumongousMecha. Depending on unit type and exact system(s) used the camouflage may or may not be compatible with more "regular" stealth features due to space or armor type constraints.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/BloodyRoar 3'' and ''Primal Fury'', Busuzima's beast form is that of a chameleon, which allows him to blend in with the arena; effectively making him invisible.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** Throughout the series, games have "Chameleon" spells, enchantments, and potions that cause this effect. Unlike the standard Invisibility, which always makes you completely invisible but also wears off as soon as you perform an action, Chameleon comes in different levels of strength based on the percentage you become invisible, and the effect continues for the duration of the spell, allowing you to perform actions.
** In the backstory, the [[OurElvesAreBetter Maormer (Sea Elves)]] are said to possess this ability. It is so powerful that they can "disappear by walking into the shade of a single tree."
* ''VideoGame/MetalGear'':
** ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4GunsOfThePatriots'' features the [=OctoCamo=] suit worn by Snake, named after the octopus and designed to mimic its natural camouflage skills. With it, Snake can change the color and texture of his suit to [[WallpaperCamouflage match whatever he's pressed against]] in a matter of seconds. Later in the game this is partnered with [=FaceCamo=], which normally looks like a sock draped over the wearer's head, but can also make a [[LatexPerfection flawless disguise by mimicking someone else's face]].
** In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'', it's possible to kill [[ThatOneBoss The End]] during his introductory cinema. If you chose not to kill him, you'll have to track him across three massive areas using infared vision since he can seamlessly blend in with the surrounding forest.
* From the ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' series, Reptile, who has this as a special in several games, and as his intro stance in ''[[VideoGame/MortalKombat9 9]]''. His introduction in ''9''[='=]s Story Mode is also done this way. Strangely, Khameleon and Chameleon, the bonus characters of ''[[VideoGame/MortalKombat3 Mortal Kombat Trilogy]]'' and ''VideoGame/MortalKombatArmageddon'', [[AvertedTrope don't have this power]].
* The Camouflage bonus adrenaline combo in ''VideoGame/UnrealTournament2004'' allows the user to become a piece of the level he's playing.
* In the ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'' series, Espio the Chameleon has this ability, and in ''VideoGame/SonicHeroes'', it's required to pass certain stages.
* In the ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}}'' universe, [[OurElvesAreBetter Night Elves]] can Shadowmeld, allowing them to turn invisible as long as they don't move by merging into the shadows. Also in ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', rogues, druids and hunters all have some kind of stealth or camouflage ability that allows them to fuse with their surroundings and be partially or totally invisible.
* The Stealth Parasites can do this in ''VideoGame/{{Evolva}}''.
* The cloaking devices in ''{{VideoGame/Starsiege}}'', when active, painted your mech the same color as the background terrain (which you could verify with the third-person camera).
* ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'': Kecleon, a chameleon [[{{Mons}} Mon]], has this ability, as well as any Pokemon that can learn the move Camouflage (in game it changes the [[ElementalRockPaperScissors type]] of the user to match the terrain, but in the anime and other adaptations it's used as this trope).
* The arcade ''VideoGame/TheLostWorldJurassicPark'' game has a ''Canotaurus'' as the fourth level's boss, which had chameleon DNA inserted into its genes. As a result it has the weird eyes and the ability to become invisible (which looks more like it cloaks itself like a Klingon ship instead of changing colors).
* In ''VideoGame/MightyNo9'', Mighty No. 8 Countershade is equipped with optical camouflage, allowing him to blend into his surrondings. This and the radar dish he wears as a NiceHat help make [[InSeriesNickname Shade]] an effective ColdSniper.
* ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 4}}'' has a variant of the [[DemonicSpiders Deathclaw]] called "Chameleon Deathclaw" that can blend in with its environment to hunt stealthily.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'': Agent Carolina's armor ability, where she can instantly change her armor's color to anything she needs.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Lemon of Troy", Milhouse has an ImagineSpot that while wearing camouflage he blends into the bushes completely.
* In ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc'', Randall is able to do this.
* Zartan from ''WesternAnimation/GIJoe'' has this ability in addition to being a master of disguise. It came at a cost though using the ability caused him to develop a painful skin condition. In the comics, he eventually found a medicinal cure but had to keep taking it regularly.
* ''WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon:'' According to the "Book of Dragons", the Change-wing can use its colorful scales to disappear into any environment.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheFamilyNess'', it's revealed that Ferocious-Ness can change color at will. However, it's possible for him to get stuck on one color when he does this, as the episode shows.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Actual chameleons may not do this, but several species of octopus and cuttlefish ''do'', both to hunt prey and to hide from predators.
* If evolution counts as a (slow) method of disguise, then whole genera of stick insects, leaf bugs, mantis, a few spiders that look like flowers, caterpillars and more can be added.
* Some animals in polar regions have white covering on their bodies to blend in with the snow. In the arctic, some of these animals change color seasonally so they can blend in with the snow in winter and with the grass in spring.
* Woodland animals tend to have brown coverings that blend in with the leaf litter to keep predators from seeing them.
* This is one of the reasons female birds (especially ones that nest on the ground) are less brightly colored than male birds; with less flamboyant plumage, a mother bird can keep herself and her young safe from predators simply by staying perfectly still.
* The stripes or spots on certain cats serve this purpose, breaking up their outlines and allowing them to lie in wait for their prey unnoticed until just the right moment.
* Modern military camouflage works on this principle. It doesn't exactly mimic the background but by having colors generally found in nature in random shapes and sizes it breaks up the outline of the wearer and causes them the blend into the background.