[[quoteright:285:[[Website/TheOnion http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Bulungi_2270.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:285:[[https://www.theonion.com/u-s-ambassador-to-bulungi-suspected-of-making-country-1819564610 It totally exists, I swear!]]]]

->''"In your text, treat Africa as if it were one country. It is hot and dusty with rolling grasslands and huge herds of animals and tall, thin people who are starving. Or it is hot and steamy with very short people who eat primates. Don’t get bogged down with precise descriptions. Africa is big: fifty-four countries, 900 million people who are too busy starving and dying and warring and emigrating to read your book. The continent is full of deserts, jungles, highlands, savannahs and many other things, but your reader doesn’t care about all that, so keep your descriptions romantic and evocative and unparticular."''
-->-- '''Binyavanga Wainaina''', ''[[SarcasmMode How to Write About Africa]]''

A Bulungi is a fictional little country nestled somewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. If used as a setting, almost always a thick jungle or parched savannah, even though the southern region is more temperate.

Bulungis are often populated by a mix of white and black residents, the former of whom usually speak with vaguely British and/or Afrikaner accents, and the latter will probably speak Pidgin English[[note]]A creole dialect of English mixed with local African languages, which was written for the first time in 2017 when BBC launched [[https://www.bbc.com/pidgin a Nigerian Pidgin]] version of their site, though fictional examples will usually just amount to [[YouNoTakeCandle broken English]] with African-like words in between[[/note]]. The country's name is usually [[AsLongAsItSoundsForeign composed of simple syllables]] that are stereotypically "African"-sounding.

In many cases, the Bulungi is in the midst of the transition process from a PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny or [[TheGeneralissimo military dictatorship]] to a more democratic type of rule, [[SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism though this might not be going well for them]]. If there is a dictator, expect him to be a well educated man who MajoredInWesternHypocrisy.

Compare and contrast with {{Ruritania}}, {{Qurac}}, {{Wutai}}, BananaRepublic, and DarkestAfrica. A common topic of exploration and subversion of {{Afrofuturism}}.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In ''Manga/{{Cyborg 009}}'', Pyunma (or [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Puma]]), also known as 008, comes from the Republic of Muanba. There is a short story arc where the cyborg team travels there in the midst of a revolution. Muanba's economy is in ruins due to this conflict, as it had soon grown into an arms race manipulated by Black Ghost, a weapons company that sells each side ever more effective weapons.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ComicBook/{{Storm}}'s uncle was the dictator of such a country. Wakanda, the home of the Comicbook/BlackPanther, however, isn't such a country, but is instead a HiddenElfVillage that does everything in its power to prevent being controlled by outside forces or forsake their native culture (made easier by the fact that they are the world's only natural source of [[{{Unobtainium}} Type I vibranium]], which gives them enough political clout to keep themselves relatively free of unwelcome outside influence).
* A country called Equatorial Kalingaland featured heavily in one issue of ''[[Franchise/GIJoe G.I. Joe Special Missions]]''. The location was not narrowed down any more than that, but if it really is equatorial, it has to be either in Africa, South America or on an island. The predominance of black population and the lack of sea nearby suggest Africa.
* ''ComicBook/DeKiekeboes'': The African state "Boeloe Boeloe", ruled by an UsefulNotes/IdiAmin parody, is featured in a few albums.
* In one arc of ''ComicBook/{{Hitman}}'', Tommy Monaghan and his friends try to escape a bad situation in Gotham City by hiring themselves as mercenaries to the government of an African country called Tynanda. However, when they realise that the president is a murderous dictator backed by an EvilColonialist as TheManBehindTheMan, they change sides and join the rebels.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* Bangalla, homeland of ''ComicStrip/ThePhantom'', somewhere on the east coast of Africa. It was an English colony when the series started in the 1930s, and transitioned to self-rule in the 1960s. Bangalla did handle the transition to the post-Colonial age better than most, and the capital of Morristown is a modern city, but there are still deep jungles and parched savannahs a-plenty.
* The Squee-Jee Islands, off the coast of equatorial Africa, in ''ComicStrip/TheKatzenjammerKids''. Although the King was rather authoritative, and insisted on wearing a traditional grass skirt, it was protrayed as a semi-modern society in the 30's through 50's.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/TheInterpreter'' has [[http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/fic(int.html Matobo]], a southern African country liberated by a Dr. Zuwanie who now is a corrupt dictator that kills his opponents. Matobo is an {{Expy}} of Zimbabwe (previously Rhodesia), making Dr. Zuwanie a fictional counterpart to Robert Mugabe (especially funny since he actually banned the film, decrying it as CIA propaganda). The protagonist of the movie, Silvia, is a white citizen of that country. The country seems to be somewhere near South Africa, because when the FBI is looking for Silvia they check all flights to Johannesburg. The screenwriters of the movie seemed to have [[DoingItForTheArt gone to great lenghths to make Matobo relatively realistic]] - notably, they hired a professional linguist to [[ConLang create Matobo's fictional official language]], [[http://web.archive.org/web/20050425234251/http://www.cityboxoffice.co.uk/africanlanguagecentre/call/interpreter.htm Ku]] (derived from various existing southern Bantu languages and dialects).
* ''Film/ComingToAmerica'' has Zamunda, a general riff on RealLife Zambia, with elements of Swaziland and Lesotho thrown in (i.e. it's a rare example of a modern African monarchy).
* Zembala in ''Film/TheWildGeese''.
* In ''Film/CasinoRoyale2006'', the generic African country of Nambutu that Bond storms the embassy of in the ActionPrologue. [[http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/fic(bond.html Its flag]] is a combo of the Djibouti and Mozambique one. The scenes were actually [[CaliforniaDoubling filmed in the Bahamas]].
* Birani at the beginning of ''Film/TheGodsMustBeCrazy'', where their Cabinet gets shot up by [[AfricanTerrorists Sam Boga's men]]. It is supposedly located near Namibia and Angola and has a banana grove at a place called Dumgase.
* The 1981 French movie ''Film/LeProfessionnel'', starring Jean-Paul Belmondo, has his character going on a secret mission to Malagawi in order to assasinate its Idi Amin-esque PresidentForLife. It definitely earns a distinction for laziness in invoking the trope by the way its filmmakers merely took the existing country of Malawi and added a "-ga-" in the middle.
* The Creator/DolphLundgren movie ''Film/RedScorpion'' takes place in the [[DirtyCommunist communist]] nation of Mombaka, in the middle of a civil war between LaResistance and the government and their Soviet, Cuban and Czechoslovakian allies. Given the country's savannah enviorment and Marxist government, it appears to be an {{expy}} of either Mozambique or Angola, which were both communist at the time.
* The Soviet spy movie ''TASS Is Authorized to Declare...'', based on the eponymous novel by Yulian Semyonov, has Nagonia.
* ''La Nuit de la vérité'' ("Night of Truth") is an actual ''African'' drama film that deliberately features two different {{Bulungi}}s, called Bonande and Nayak. The movie was a 2004 co-production of Burkina Faso and France.
* Nibia from ''[[Film/AceVentura Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls]]''.
* Tigora in ''Film/{{Sheena}}''.
* In ''Film/BatmanVSupermanDawnOfJustice'', Lois Lane goes to Nairomi to interview a war chief / terrorist chief. The name is most probably inspired by Nairobi, the capital and largest city of Kenya.
* The Wakanda of the Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse is an unusual version of this trope. It is a sub-Saharan country, but ''Film/CaptainAmericaCivilWar'' shows Wakanda on a map, and it is very isolationist, so it likely doesn't have a lot of white residents.
* ''Film/BlackPanther'' shows Wakanda to be nothing of the sort, they pose as pastoral tribeland to avoid attracting attention, but beneath the holograms is a case study in {{Afrofuturism}}.

* ''Literature/GoodOmens'' has Kumbokoland, an African country that was briefly Sir-Humphrey-Clarksonland, and which has been at peace for three thousand years. That is until [[HorsemenOfTheApocalypse War]] pays a visit.
* Creator/EvelynWaugh:
** Ishmaelia from ''Literature/{{Scoop}}''.
** Azania from ''Black Mischief'', often interpreted as a stand-in for [[GenteelInterbellumSetting inter-war]] Ethiopia.
* Zangaro from Creator/FrederickForsyth's ''Literature/TheDogsOfWar''. Based on Equatorial Guinea.
* ''Chanda's Secrets'' and ''Chanda's Wars'' by Allan Stratton both are about the title Chanda in an unnamed AIDS ravaged sub-Saharan African country.
* Nmkwami in ''Changeover'' by Creator/DianaWynneJones. As the title suggests, the novel is set during the transition to self-rule.
* Beninia from ''Literature/StandOnZanzibar''. There's also Dahomalia and [=RUNG=], but these are mergers of existing [=IRL=] countries.
* Ambagazali, the home country of Bunduki in the works of Creator/JTEdson.
* Zanj, Kush and [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Sahel]] in Creator/JohnUpdike's novel ''The Coup''. As befits Updyke, these are somewhat better-educated names, being historical terms for actual regions of Africa (Zanj refers to the central part of the eastern coast, roughly corresponding to coastal Kenya and Tanzania, Kush is an Ancient Egyptian name for a state of Classical Antiquity that existed in what is now northern Sudan, and Sahel is the semi-arid region on the southern edge of the Sahara).
* Andrew Norman Wilson's novel ''My Name Is Legion'' has Zinariya. It's ruled by a dictator, general Bindiga, and has globally important copper mines.
* The [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny People's Republic of Fernando Poo]], a revolutionary government established by coup d'état in the ''Literature/{{Illuminatus}}!'' trilogy. It's name is an [[ToiletHumor immature]] [[PunnyName pun]] on the actual West African island of Fernando Pó, also known under the native name [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioko Bioko]] (it is a part of Equatorial Guinea).
* Nagonia from Yulian Semyonov's spy thriller ''TASS Is Authorized to Declare...''.
* The neighboring nations Lamblia and Gurunduwaju in Creator/StanislawLem's short story "Professor A. Donda" from ''Literature/MemoirsOfASpaceTraveller''.
* If you want a Congo-esque {{Planetville}} Bulungi, go no farther then Haruun Kal, homeworld of Mace Windu and the setting of the ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'' novel ''Literature/{{Shatterpoint}}''.
* Gorotoland from Allen Drury's sequels to ''Advise and Consent''
* In the ''Literature/JamesBond'' novel ''Solo'', Bond is sent into the fictional African country Zamzarin, which is being ravaged by a civil war. His job is to assassinate the leader of the opposing side that the country can return to its oil-dealings.
* Creator/TerryPratchett never got round to fleshing out Howondaland, the {{Discworld}}'s Africa, to the same degree of detil he gave to, say, its Australia. It has been revealed that at the time of his death, he was at least blocking out a novel called ''The Dark Incontinent'' that would have covered things "African". It is possible that a few snippets from this never-to-be-completed-work were used in ''The Compleat Discworld Atlas'', where countries such as Urabewe, S'Belinde, and "the Howondalandian Kingdoms" are briefly mentioned, largely as expies of Black Africa. One town called "Smithville" carries a tantalising hint of there being room for a White colony in Africa...

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/MacGyver1985'' featured several such countries over the course of its run. The country Kambezi from one episode of this show is unusual in that at one point it was actually shown on a map (it was supposedly in the vicinity of South Africa).
* ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24: Redemption]]'', as well as the following season of the series proper, features Sangala.
* ''[[Series/TheATeam The A-Team]]'' had three: Zulabwe from "Diamonds 'n' Dust", and Northern and Southern Triana from "There Goes the Neighborhood".
* Buranda from ''Series/YesMinister'', [[LampshadeHanging referred to on the show]] as a [=TPLAC=]--"Tinpot Little African Country", a parody of development geography terminology. Prior to its independence it was "British Equatorial Africa". It appears to have replaced real-life Equatorial Guinea on the map.
* In ''Series/TheWestWing'', there was Equatorial Kundu, an African nation wracked by genocide. Besides that, there was also mention of a Sahelise Republic.
* "Equatorial Kundu" appears to be a go-to name for Creator/AaronSorkin: a major plotline in ''Series/TheNewsroom'' concerns U.S.-caused riots in the fictional African country of...Equatorial Kundu.
* In an episode of ''Series/MyNameIsEarl'', Earl is betting on a political election between a regular guy and [[ImAHumanitarian a cannibal]] in Africa that he's following on the news. [[spoiler: The cannibal guy wins.]]
* The ''Series/MissionImpossible'' episode "Kitara" was set in the gold-producing West African nation of Bocamo. It seems to be ruled by a settler minority of German descent, who are unfortunately white supremacists and practice racial segregation of the native populace. The episode the country appers in was clearly a satire on the apartheid-promoting UsefulNotes/ColdWar governments of Rhodesia and South Africa. Another episode, "The Money Machine", had Ghalea, a small country whose pro-Western government was key to stability in the area. Other examples are Logosia from "The Crane" and Lombuanda from "The Diamond".
* ''Series/{{Spooks}}'': Series five, episode four featured West Monrassa, led by president Gabriel Sakoa, [[spoiler: who was about to order a genocide on an ethnicity in the north of the country.]] However, another African president at the conference, Manu Baffrong of Gaudec, tells the team most developing African nations and their leaders are not like that. Furthermore, the problem is also the result of [[spoiler: the United States blithely selling Sekoa weapons for TheWarOnTerror and the British government being more concerned about the PR victory of getting their treaty signed than the wellbeing of Africa.]]
* The long-running German crime investigation series ''Küstenwache'' ("Coast Guard") had an episode which featured the small African monarchy of Sotho. The name and characterization was very obviously inspired by the actual Lesotho.
* The eleventh episode of ''Series/{{Airwolf}}'' was set in North and South Limbawe and featured the conflict between the two countries. The North Limbawe's air force used antique WWII fighter aircraft, like the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vought_F4U_Corsair Vought F4U Corsair]] (which would admittedly better fit in a UsefulNotes/ColdWar BananaRepublic setting).
* ''{{Series/Borgen}}'' had a couple of episodes dealing with the Danish government arranging a peace deal between the warring northern and southern regions of an East African country called Kharun, which was '''definitely not''' Sudan.
* One episode of ''ManInASuitcase'' sees [=McGill=] kidnapped by the former British governor of Ecuala, who is convinced (probably correctly) that [=McGill=], in his CIA days, supported the independence movement that ousted him.
* Israeli comedy series ''Lost in Africa'' features a country named Abuna Kilosa, bordering on Chad and Sudan. They try their best to [[DefiedTrope defy]] the DarkestAfrica stereotype (‘This is not Burkina Faso!’).
* Wadata from the ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' episode [[Recap/LeverageS03E04TheScheherazadeJob "The Scheherazade Job".]] Also, part of the TieInNovel ''The Zoo Job'' is set in the West African nation of Malani.
* In the ''Series/TheAvengers'' episode "Small Game for Big Hunters" it's Kalaya. An old colonel who couldn't face the fact that Kalaya became independent has recreated his Kalayan HQ in rural England. There's a conspiracy to unleash an epidemic of sleeping sickness back in the real Kalaya.
* The ''Series/MadamSecretary'' episode "The Call" has the Republic of West Africa, said to be located between Gabon and Cameroon (the real-life location of Equatorial Guinea). The plot of the episode has Secretary [=McCord=] trying to organize an international response to the RWA's planned genocide of an ethnic minority.
* In ''Series/RumpoleOfTheBailey'', the titular English barrister is contacted by one of his former pupils, now a politician in the West African country Narenga, formerly the British colony New Somerset. The pupil is charged with murder and wants his old pupil-master, a leading criminal defense barrister, to represent him. Rumpole has to deal not only with the fraught politics of the case (as the trial could spark a civil war between the country's two main ethnic groups), but also the frustrating absence of a jury (and, therefore, a heavily biased judge).
* ''Series/LegendsOfTomorrow'' has Zambesi, Vixen's homeland and the origin of the spirit totem that she wears. Like Wakanda of the Marvel universe, however, Zambesi is more of a HiddenElfVillage than a normal example of this trope.

[[folder: Radio]]
* An episode of ''Think The Unthinkable'' featured the team at Unthinkable Solutions scheduled to meet with the Minister of Finance for the fictional African state of Nambitrea.
-->'''Sophie:''' Formerly the [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny Democratic Republic of Nambitrea]], when it was [[DirtyCommies Communist]].\\
'''Ryan:''' And before that it was the [[RunningGag Nambitrean People's Republic]], when it was [[FascistsBedTime Fascist]].\\
'''Sophie:''' [[UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire And before that it was called New Devon, when it was completely owned by Lord Brinkworth.]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Bongolesia ([[OverlyLongName The National African Republic of Bongolesia]]), created by miniature wargaming enthusiast Michael T. Murphy, is a southeastern-central African country ruled by PresidentForLife [[FunetikAksent P'hat Daddee]] B'wonah. Hilariously, Bongolesia is often mistaken for a real nation. It has its [[http://bongolesia.blogspot.com/ own tongue-firmly-in-cheek blog]].
* The [[http://hem.bredband.net/laros6006/Zagoria/Intro-eng.htm Kingdom of Zagoria]], a former African colony of Imperial Germany. It is a partner project of the aforementioned Bongolesia.
* The ''TabletopGame/MutantsAndMasterminds'' TabletopGame/FreedomCity setting has Dakana, which the source material says is located "deep in sub-Saharan Africa, at the crossroads of Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, and the Congo". Different versions of this nation show up in the [[AlternateUniverse alternate universes]] of related to the setting. By default, it is a unique take on the trope as the leader is a [[RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething super who actually cares about his people]], and the nations itself is stated to be wealthy and technologically advanced thanks to [[{{Unobtainium}} the Daka crystals]] that they have a monopoly on. (This is a blatant CaptainErsatz of Wakanda in the Marvel universe, as described in the comics section of the page.)

* Dave Brubeck's jazz musical ''The Real Ambassadors'' features Talgalla.
* ''Theatre/TheOddCouple'' mentions "Baggi", which has existed since Thursday.

[[folder:Theme Parks]]
* Ride/DisneyThemeParks: Animal Kingdom's African section features the town of Harambe, East Africa. A nation which, judging by the inscription on a bench nearby, [[BilingualBonus received independence in 1961.]] There were also plans to expand EPCOT in 1983 with an Africa pavilion containing features of multiple nations, but the only country willing to host the exhibit was South Africa, [[UsefulNotes/TheApartheidEra and even Disney's not that evil]].

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Kijuju from ''VideoGame/ResidentEvil5''.
* The setting of ''VideoGame/FarCry2'' is unnamed, but its two named regions (Leboa-Seko and Bowa-Seko) are like this, though they includes multiple environments one might expect in Africa (jungle, desert, savannah) in a very small space. The country's corrupt monarchy was ousted from power and now two factions, the APR and the UFLL, are locked in a civil war.
* The early levels of ''VideoGame/AceCombatAssaultHorizon'' are set in an unspecified East African country, before the action moves north.
* Southeastern Kenya in ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' is an industrialized and economically advanced version (thanks in large part to having a SpaceElevator); specifically, it's part of the "East African Protectorate".
* The Moloni Republic in ''VideoGame/MetalGearAcid''.
* Galzburg in ''VideoGame/MetalGear'', "[[AlternateContinuity retconned]]" in ''VideoGame/MetalGearGhostBabel'' into Gindra. Unlike most of these examples, Gindra had exhaustively well-detailed description including things like rainfall, ethnic makeup, and a certain amount of fairly realistic history, which could be accessed through calling a certain character.
* N'Mani's country in ''VideoGame/MetalGearRisingRevengeance''.
* ''Commando Mercs'' is set in the Central African country of Zutula, where the President of the United States has been kidnapped by rebels.
* The first ''Videogame/OperationFlashpoint'' has a mod named Tonal Island, which is focused on a civil war in a fictional African country set in a group of islands lying near the eastern coast of Africa.
* Mazuri from ''VideoGame/SonicUnleashed'', the country where the Savannah Citadel stages take place. It has a real-world basis, however: The urban areas Sonic visits are based on the city of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Djenné Djenné]].
* ''VideoGame/InazumaEleven 3'' revolves around an international soccer tournament. The FinalBoss is the national team of Cotarl (Côte-Victoire in the English dub), a tiny African republic. They were trained from a bunch of nobody kids to the strongest soccer team in the world by [[spoiler:Endou Daisuke, the main character's long-thought-dead grandfather.]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* The TropeNamer comes from ''Website/TheOnion'', which had an article about [[http://www.theonion.com/articles/us-ambassador-to-bulungi-suspected-of-making-count,790/ Bulungi]], a West African country whose existence was only attested to by its American ambassador. Besides Bulungi, they've also briefly shown the country of Mumbambu in one of their news videos.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'': The episode "Simpsons Safari" is set in Tanzania, and the production team did take effort to portray the country realistically, but did slip in some Bulungi-esque tropes, like the country changing regimes and [[PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny official title]] frequently, and including customs like ear, lip and neck stretching that aren't Eastern African customs at the Masai village.
-->'''Flight Attendant:''' Attention, passengers. Please prepare for our landing in Tanzania. (''handed paper'') I'm sorry. It is now called New Zanzibar. (''handed another paper'') Excuse me. It is now called [[ProductPlacement Pepsi Presents]] New Zanzibar.
* The ''WesternAnimation/RamboTheForceOfFreedom'' episode "Rambo and the White Rhino'' has BigBad General Warhawk fomenting war between two fictional African nations, Namboola and Ombasi.
* ''WesternAnimation/GeorgeOfTheJungle'', straddles the line between this and DarkestAfrica, being a parody of ''Literature/{{Tarzan}}'' but set in [[TheSixties what was then the present day]].

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Incidentally, "bulungi" is the common term for "good" or "alright" in Uganda.
* The World Bank actually uses this trope in its training exercises, featuring a country called "Afrinia".
* Equatorial Guinea in [[http://www.amazon.com/Tropical-Gangsters-Experience-Development-Decadence/dp/0465087604 Tropical Gangsters]] by Robert Klitgaard, at least at the time the book was published.
* Curiously enough, only four contemporary African countries start with the letter "B": Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso and Burundi.
* The group [[http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2012/11/28/166095383/africa-for-norway-viral-video-pokes-fun-at-stereotypes-in-aid-efforts Africa for Norway]] parodies this by making Live Aid-esque PublicServiceAnnouncements for Scandinavian countries. [[http://www.rustyradiator.com/ Rusty Radiator, or Radi-Aid]] is a spin-off.