When someone plays himself in a {{Docudrama}}, {{Biopic}}, or other {{dramatization}} [[BasedOnATrueStory of a true story]].

This is '''not''' a celebrity or public figure appearing "as himself" in an entirely fictional work. Those examples should go under AsHimself. This is when events are being re-enacted by the person who enacted them in the first place.

If a starring role, may overlap with NonActorVehicle. Compare RealPersonCameo. Contrast CharacterAsHimself, in which a fictional character is given a real-world screen credit. Also contrast AdamWesting, where an actor plays his public persona.


!!RealLife Examples:

* Creator/AudieMurphy in ''To Hell and Back''. The film was based on his autobiographical account of the European Theater of World War 2.
* Various police officers, bank employees and bystanders in ''The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery''.
* Frank Wills, the security guard, in both ''Film/AllThePresidentsMen'' and ''Film/ForrestGump''.
* ''Film/AlicesRestaurant'' recounts a true but comically exaggerated Thanksgiving adventure. Arlo Guthrie played himself and Stockbridge police chief William Obanhein ("Officer Obie") played himself in the film version, explaining to ''Newsweek'' magazine that making himself look like a fool was preferable to having somebody else make him look like a fool. Singer Pete Seeger also played himself.
* ''Film/{{United 93}}'': several of those involved in the events surrounding the hijacking played themselves, most notably [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ben_Sliney Ben Sliney]].
* Muhammad Ali starred in ''The Greatest'', a biopic about himself.
* Fantasia Barrino of ''Series/AmericanIdol'' played herself in the MadeForTVMovie ''Life Is Not a Fairytale'', based on her memoir.
* Wrestling/JerryLawler, Creator/DavidLetterman, Lorne Michaels, and most of the cast of ''Series/{{Taxi}}'' played themselves in ''Film/ManOnTheMoon'' (a {{Biopic}} of Creator/AndyKaufman).
** Though Danny [=DeVito=] [[CelebrityParadox couldn't play himself]] because he was already playing another character.
* Howard Stern played himself in the film version of ''Private Parts''.
* The Iranian film ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Close-Up_(film) Close-Up]]'' has this for essentially all of the people who were involved.
* Dee Snider had a particularly shameless film called ''Warning: Parental Advisory'', a made-for-TV movie about how he stuck it to the PMRC.
* Who better to play Jackie Robinson in ''The Jackie Robinson Story'' than Jackie Robinson?
* Ann Jillian played herself in the 1988 MadeForTVMovie ''The Ann Jillian Story'', about her struggle with breast cancer.
* Eminem in ''Film/EightMile'', where the story was basically his life [[RomanAClef with the names slightly changed]].
* While ''Film/PurpleRain'' may not exactly have been The Real True Prince Story, it did touch on elements of his life, feature him playing with his band, and film on location in his hometown.
* ''Film/BeyondTheLineOfDuty'' is a 1942 short film meant to boost American morale during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. It starts Capt. Hewitt Wheless as himself, recreating his courageous bombing run on a Japanese troop transport in December 1941.
* Shirley Maclaine in ''Out On A Limb'', the movie.
* Creator/BabeRuth played himself in the Lou Gehrig biopic ''Film/ThePrideOfTheYankees''.
* Coral Browne played herself in ''An Englishman Abroad'', about her encounter with exiled spy Guy Burgess.
* Attorney/politician Fred Thompson started a side career as an actor when he played himself in ''Marie''.
* ''Dolphin Tale'' has Winter (the dolphin whose story the film is based on) playing herself.
* ''Iron & Silk'' is a drama that tells the story of an American teacher who traveled to China to learn from a kung-fu master. Both lead roles are played by the actual individuals.
* ''Film/SpaceJam'' stars Michael Jordan as himself, and covers his brief retirement from basketball, failed attempt at a baseball career, and return to basketball only a short time later. Of course, the bulk of the film is spent on a [[SarcasmMode minor]] bit of creative liberty suggesting he regained his passion for basketball by player-coaching the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes to victory in a high-stakes match against alien slavers, but the parts that focus solely on Jordan play the trope quite straight. For an extra bit of RealitySubtext, the practice he got during the making of the film helped sharpen his skills for the very unretirement depicted in the film's final moments.
* ''Film/CoalMinersDaughter'': Country music stars Roy Acuff and Ernest Tubb and country comedienne Minnie Pearl appear as themselves, after Music/LorettaLynn (played by Creator/SissySpacek) hits the big time.
* ''Film/KnuteRockneAllAmerican'': RealLife college football coaches Glenn "Pop" Warner, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Howard Jones, and Bill Spaulding appear as themselves in a scene where they join up with Rockne to defend college football from a Congressional inquiry.
* ''Film/{{No}}'': Several members of the "No" campaign to unseat UsefulNotes/AugustoPinochet appear as themselves, including Patricio Aylwin, who succeeded Pinochet as president of Chile.

* Rudy Reyes plays himself in ''Series/GenerationKill'', because creators David Simon and Ed Burns [[http://www.nj.com/entertainment/tv/index.ssf/2008/07/sepinwall_on_tv_generation_kil.html couldn't find an actor who was both beautiful enough and hippie-ish enough]] to handle the mythical creature (David Simon: [[http://sepinwall.blogspot.com/2008/07/generation-kill-get-some-po-lice-that.html "He's like a unicorn!"]]) that is Fruity Rudy.
* While parts of ''Series/{{Titus}}'' are fictionalized for the sake of comedy, the show's overall story is overtly based on Creator/ChristopherTitus's real life, and he plays himself, while his friends and family are played by other actors.
* In ''Creator/SophiaLoren: Her Own Story'', Miss Loren not only plays herself but also [[ActingForTwo her own mother]].
* Many extras in ''Series/LondonsBurning'' were actual London Fire Brigade personnel; some of the more elaborate rescues in the show doubled as training exercises.
!!InUniverse Examples:

* PlayedForLaughs towards the end of ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', as Great Saiyaman accidentally crashes a set for a movie being made about him. He's called to act a few scenes as a stunt double and acts how he normally does in that persona, but the directors scolded him for being [[YourCostumeNeedsWork too unrealistic]]. They realize their mistake when he finds himself having to fly away.

* ''Film/AndStarringPanchoVillaAsHimself'' is in fact about a film being made about the Mexican revolutionary who sold the rights to film one of his battles which resulted in ''The Life Of General Villa,'' which did indeed star Pancho Villa portraying himself.
* In ''Film/InglouriousBasterds'', Fredrick Zoller plays himself in the propaganda film ''Nation's Pride'', which chronicles his exploits fighting on the front in Italy.

[[AC: NewspaperComics]]
* In the newspaper version of ''ComicStrip/SpiderMan,'' Spidey hears they're making a movie about him and auditions for the lead role. He is initially snubbed because he's [[ExpectingSomeoneTaller too short]], but gets the role after doing some webswinging to prove he's the real deal.