[[quoteright:300:[[Anime/BubblegumCrisis http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/bgc_drraven_1134.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:A proud recipient of the Nobel Prize ForScience]]
->'''December 10, 2017:''' ''Sir Peter Weyland is honored with the Nobel Peace prize in Science for his extraordinary atmospheric work over the polar ice cap.''
-->-- [[https://www.weylandindustries.com/timeline Weyland Industries Timeline]], the tie-in website for ''{{Film/Prometheus}}''

People just ''love'' handing out awards to each other. Whether it's a [[MeritBadgesForEverything merit badge]], an [[NotThatKindOfDoctor honorary degree]], or a [[UsefulNotes/KnightFever knighthood]], giving someone an award simultaneously tells them, and everyone else, that [[SoProudOfYou they've done well]]. Many of the most famous and prestigious awards have become bywords for the highest achievement in the relevant field, or even in ''any'' field. If a fictional character gets an Oscar, Pulitzer or Nobel Prize, you know they must have done something [[MomentOfAwesome awesome]].

Unfortunately, sometimes authors use such awards [[InNameOnly for name value]], without worrying about using them correctly. At the mildest end of the scale, a work will make changes that seem plausible for a parallel universe or future time line, like adding a fictional category to a real award (a Nobel Prize in music or computing, for instance). More severe cases of factual inaccuracy will give an award to someone who would be ineligible, or mess up the award's name. The most obvious examples will give out horrible mismatches of real awards, for all the wrong reasons, in a supposedly realistic or historical setting.

Such an award could be [[InformedAbility the only proof that a character is good at something]]. [[JustForFun/IThoughtItMeant Has nothing to do with]] giving people awards for [[ArtisticLicense taking the biggest artistic liberties]]. For characters in fiction receiving real-life awards, see RealAwardFictionalCharacter.


[[folder:Nobel Prize - Common Misconceptions]]
* First of all: The Economics prize is not a Nobel Prize at all, and was not mentioned in Nobel's will. The prize is rightly "The Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel".
* Second: Nobel Prizes are awarded in five categories: Chemistry, Medicine, Physics, [[UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature Literature]], and Work for Peace. Anything which falls outside these categories and cannot be fitted into one, no matter how exceptional or world-changing, is not eligible for a Nobel Prize. The Prize judging committees have a great deal of leeway in what they consider "fitting into" one of these categories, though.
** Most notably, there ''isn't'' a Nobel Prize for Mathematics, although the urban legend of Nobel being cuckolded by a mathematician is false (Nobel wanted his prizes to reward concrete scientific and political advances that produces a clear benefit for mankind, and he considered mathematics to be too theoretical for that requirement--Nobel probably would not have approved of awarding of so many Physics prizes to theoretical physicists). The top prize in Math are the Abel Prize (also presented by the King of Norway) and the Fields Medal (presented by the International Mathematical Union).
* Third: The Nobel Prize is never awarded posthumously. The only exception is if a recipient dies between when the announcement is made and the awards ceremony. This annoys the Swedes to no end, since it means that Sweden's most popular author, Creator/AstridLindgren, is forever barred from becoming a Nobel Prize winner. The Peace prize was not awarded in 1948 because UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi had died that year, and he would have been the shoo-in choice, so the committee decided to award it to nobody rather than nominate someone else. [[note]]There has been one exception to this rule: One of the recipients of the 2011 prize in Medicine was awarded posthumously, because the committee was unaware he had died before the announcement. The committee decided the award had been made in good faith, and was allowed to stand.[[/note]] Prior to 1974 the rule was that no dead persons could be ''nominated'' and that nominees that had died too soon after nomination would be removed from consideration (this is how there are four posthumous recipients).
* Fourth: To receive a Nobel Prize, you have to attend the awards ceremony, personally or by proxy, and receive the award from the hand of the Swedish monarch. If you couldn't be bothered to get on the plane, or have someone do it for you, you haven't received the prize[[note]]One exception: A Chinese activist received the prize in 2012, but couldn't actually get it because he was imprisoned by the Chinese government for his "anti-government activities". The Nobel Committee awarded him the prize anyway, and left his seat empty, to discourage other countries from jailing Peace Prize winners to prevent them from receiving the award[[/note]].
** On the other hand, you cannot actually ''refuse'' the prize. A prize winner may choose to not to attend the ceremony and turn down the prize money, but the Nobel Committees will not remove your name from the list of winners.
* Fifth: There is no "'''the''' Nobel Prize committee". The five Nobel Prizes ([[MyFriendsAndZoidberg and the Economics prize]]) are awarded by four different bodies. In particular, the Peace Prize is awarded by a Norwegian committee, while all the others are granted by Swedish institutions.
* Sixth: While members of the Swedish government are on some of the Nobel committees, they aren't government prizes and the Swedish government can't prevent the committees from giving a Nobel Prize to anyone. There's been complaints from, uh, authoritarian governments about the Swedish government awarding Nobel Prizes to people they don't like.
** The Norwegian Nobel Committee is actually formed of ex-politicians, appointed from the Norwegian parliament. Thus, the peace prize tend to be a ''tad'' more political than the others, if people in the committee try to flag their actual political colours. The 2008 award and the 2012 award are cases in point. Debates ensued on the committee role both in Norway and Sweden as a result.
* Seventh: Nobel nominations for a given year are kept secret for 50 years. Saying somebody was "nominated for a Nobel Prize" is generally meaningless, because it's impossible to know if it's correct or not.

[[folder:Nobel Prize - Examples]]
* The page quote comes from the tie-in website for ''Film/{{Prometheus}}'', which establishes the BackStory of the [[MegaCorp Weyland-Yutani Corporation]]. It's not a one-off accident either; the fictitious Sir Peter Weyland is later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for Medicine as well.
* The ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}''-esque anime series ''Anime/TheBraveFighterOfSunFighbird'' has an episode in which the evil MadScientist takes the Nobel Prize committee hostage and attempts to extort them into giving him awards in multiple categories, including Peace ("If you don't, then my evil transforming robot allies will destroy the Earth.") The good mad scientist is slow to order the committee's rescue, because he's suffered AwardSnub from them multiple times.
* A sketch on ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' in 1994 presented the Nobel Peace Prize as if it were an Oscar, with a big awards show hosted by (Dana Carvey as) Garry Shandling. The clip was then used in ''Series/TheLarrySandersShow'', where (InUniverse) it was Larry that Dana was doing an impression of.
* On ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', WesternAnimation/BugsBunny has a Nobel Prize just for existing.
* Nathan Stark from ''{{Series/Eureka}}'' has received a Nobel Prize in Mathematics, when no such award exists.
* In the ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Evangelion]]'' fanfic ''Fanfic/NobodyDies'', Kyoko Zeppelin Sohryu has a Nobel Prize in Psychology.
* In ''Film/TheFly1986'', it's mentioned that Seth Brundle nearly won a Nobel Prize, something that no one should know because all nominations are kept secret, even from the nominees themselves.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Lisa's Sax", during a flashback in which Homer discovers Lisa has a gift, he has an ImagineSpot of her winning the Nobel Prize (for what, it's never stated). He then decides this is boring, and instead imagines her winning the Nobel Prize for kick boxing, which isn't a real thing. Most likely intentionally inaccurate, given that this is Homer we're talking about. He also imagines Lisa receiving the prize from an older man in a military uniform, when it's not a military award at all.
** One of Bart's chalkboard gags is "I did not win the Nobel Prize for fart". Again, most likely intentional.

[[folder:Military decorations]]
* The Medal of Honor is the paramount military decoration in the United States services. It's often called the ''Congressional'' Medal of Honor, which is not its name; it's simply got "in the name of Congress" in its citation. A common "artistic license" in both fiction and RealLife. The misnomer might also come from the civilian equivalent, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congressional_Gold_Medal Congressional Gold Medal]]. Confusing the two is a common mistake.
** In ''Film/MarsAttacks'', Richie and his grandmother are given the Congressional Medal of Honor by the president's daughter, in honor of their role in stopping the Martians. The President's daughter is referred to as the only surviving member of the Government (she's not -- she didn't hold any office, and being a member of the family of an officeholder doesn't make you part of the government), but it's overlooked that the medal is only awarded to military personnel, not to civilians.
** In an episode of ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' the team is investigating a Medal of Honor recipient and Kate refers to "winning" the CMOH. Gibbs corrects her that the Medal is "awarded" and not "won".
** In ''Film/CourageUnderFire'':
*** Lieutenant Colonel Serling is assigned to determine if Captain Walden should be posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. A White House aide erroneously refers to it as the Congressional Medal of Honor and Serling corrects him. The aide sarcastically responds with "Tell that to Congress" but is thankful to Serling for the correction.
*** Captain Walden is continually referred to as potentially being "the first woman to be awarded the Medal of Honor." The problem being that Captain Mary Edwards Walker, a Union Army surgeon, was the first (and so far only) woman ever awarded the medal, which she earned through her courageous actions during the Battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. The scriptwriter later confessed that he had simply assumed that the Medal of Honor recipients were a males-only club [[CriticalResearchFailure without actually looking into]] whether any woman had already been awarded the medal.
* A borderline example: in ''Frank Merriwell's School Days'', Frank, a civilian at a military prep school, is awarded ''a'' "medal of honor" by Congress, but it's not specified as '''the''' Medal of Honor, so it may actually be the civilian Congressional Gold Medal.
* ''Series/{{MASH}}'' has several examples, some worse than others.
** Frank demands Henry approve a Purple Heart application for him twice: once when he had a back spasm while dancing with Margret - which he claimed was slipping while running to the shower - and again for getting an eggshell fragment in his eye during an artillery barrage. In the first case he would have been denied as it was not caused through direct or indirect enemy action (and likely discharged for throwing out his back), while the second case he might be eligible if it injured him and required medical attention. Both times Hawkeye steals Frank's Purple Heart and gives it to someone else, in the former to an underage Marine, Walter, that used his brother's identification (he had appendicitis and reacted badly to a blood transfusion; ineligible because it was not caused by the enemy), to impress a girl back home; while this would give him possession of the medal to impress the girl, it would do little else (and probably cause further trouble for having an unauthorised Purple Heart on top of identity theft and lying about his age). In the latter, it was to a Korean baby whose mother had a harrowing time getting to the hospital.
** In "Change of Command", Colonel Potter reveals he received the Good Conduct Medal as an enlisted man during the First World War. The Good Conduct Medal, only available to non-commissioned personnel, was established in 1941, with retroactive dates to 27 August 1940, well after his service as an enlisted soldier.
** In "Bombshells", BJ is awarded the Bronze Star for aiding a medivac chopper's escape while under fire. He hands it off to a soldier for "getting out in one piece". This is the same problem as Walter: he would have possession of the physical decoration, be BJ would still have the certificate and his service record reflecting the award. Further, the recipient's name is engraved on the back of every Bronze Star, which would undoubtedly cause trouble for the soldier if he was found with someone else's decoration.
* The Iron Cross, being the most iconic Prussian and German military decoration, is frequently used in films and other works of fiction to make the chest of an German officer appear less empty. What many creators of such works are not aware of is that the Iron Cross was only instituted for the duration of four major wars, to wit the [[UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars Wars of Liberation]] (1813-1815), the [[UsefulNotes/FrancoPrussianWar Franco-German War]] (1870-1871), UsefulNotes/WorldWarI (1914-1918) and UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo (1939-1945), and could not be awarded for service in any of the intervening wars and armed conflicts.[[note]] Officially, the Iron Crosses of 1813, 1870, 1914 and 1939 were considered separate decorations, and they differed in a number of details, especially the last one; the Nazis introduced the entirely new Knight's Cross with its many gradations.[[/note]]
** When for instance in the British TV series ''Edward VII'' UsefulNotes/OttoVonBismarck is shown wearing an Iron Cross in the 1860s, this is incorrect as Bismarck was too young to have served in the Wars of Liberation and the episodes were set before 1870. Similarly, as ''Film/ThoseMagnificentMenInTheirFlyingMachines'' is set in 1913, Captain Rumpelstoss (Karl Michael Vogler) is obviously too young to have served and been awarded an Iron Cross in the Franco-German War. Another occasional mistake is showing junior and field officers wearing Iron Crosses around their neck pre-1939; up until then the only grade of the Iron Cross to be worn around the neck was the Grand Cross, which was reserved to commanding generals[[note]] in practice this meant commanding at least an army corps [[/note]] for winning a battle or capturing or defending an important fortress.
** Somehow [[Recap/DoctorWhoS12E4GenesisOfTheDaleks Nyder]], an official of the planet Skaro, was in possession of one, which seems unlikely. (More accurately, the actor, Peter Miles, was in possession of one, and kept [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00y0c55/p00y0c1x sneaking it onto his costume]] until the producers stopped him.)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}'': In "The Double Deuce", Woodhouse is revealed to have served in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War as a Lance-Corporal, acting as a batman to his squadron's commanding officer Captain Thistileton (with whom he may or may not have had a SingleTargetSexuality). He is stated to have received the Victoria Cross for rushing into No Man's Land to rescue said CO when he gets shot down in Bloody April, then attacking a German position and killing 50 German soldiers in an UnstoppableRage when Thistleton is killed by a sniper. His gravestone in a later episode states in addition to the VC, he also received the Distinguished Conduct Cross, the Military Cross and Companion of the Distinguished Service Order, plus a Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. Before the review in 1993, the Military Cross could only be awarded to officers and the Military ''Medal'' was awarded to Other Ranks (Warrant Ranks could potentially receive either), while the Distinguished Conduct Cross was likewise only available to officers until 1993 and was only available to Royal Navy officers until 1940, when eligibility was extended to non-naval officers serving aboard Navy vessels. The Distinguished Service Order was and remains available to officers-only and has never been awarded to non-commissioned personnel, and is generally issued to a Major or higher unless a more junior officer just missed out on the Victoria Cross. It is unclear if this is a {{retcon}} of his military service, as he would not have been awarded four medals for the same act.

[[folder:Other awards]]
* When a Pulitzer Prize in the Letters, Drama or Music categories is awarded to a non-American-citizen, [[note]]The History category doesn't require disclosure of citizenship status, and the Journalism category merely requires that the work for which the prize is being awarded was published in an American journal or American-based website - so an English person writing for the ''New York Times'' could win it, but an American writing for the original ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers Times]]'' could not.[[/note]] or called simply "the Pulitzer Prize", as if there were only one (and context doesn't make it clear which category is meant).
* When Beth Ditto of TheGossip topped the NME magazine cool list, she expressed her shock that no other great female artists like Yoko Ono or Patti Smith had ever topped the list. The whole "cool" list concept was actually [[NewerThanTheyThink younger than]] either Ditto or the interviewer had realised.
* Cited when ''Film/{{Serenity}}'' won the UsefulNotes/HugoAward: the acceptance speech (written by Creator/JossWhedon and read by Creator/MorenaBaccarin) cited several science fiction authors as Hugo winners, then added, "Gee, I hope all those people won Hugos, or Morena's gonna look like an idiot out there."
* At the end of ''Film/AViewToAKill'', as thanks for saving the Silicon Valley, and by extension the Soviet microchip industry, General Gogol presents James Bond with the Order of Lenin, saying that he's the first non-Soviet recipient of the USSR's highest civil decoration. In truth, the first foreign recipient was the Italian communist Luigi Longo.
* Relating to the UsefulNotes/{{Academy Award}}s:
** ''Film/TropicThunder'' ends with Kirk Lazarus presenting the Oscar for Best Actor, even though that particular award is presented by the previous year's Best ''Actress''.[[note]]It says AllThereInTheManual that Kirk's also got this one (presumably for applying his method acting to a female role), which loops back into this trope.[[/note]] Even when the winner is unavaible, the acting presenters are always of the opposite gender.
** In ''Film/WagTheDog'', Hollywood producer Stanley Motss repeatedly laments how there is no Academy Award for producing. However, the producer is the one who receives the award for Best Film.
* In ''Film/DieAnotherDay'', Miranda Frost is described as having won gold at the 2000 Sydney UsefulNotes/OlympicGames by default, after Graves organized the real gold medalist's death by drug overdose. While said substances fit a medal revoking transgression, the fact it involves death screws any veracity: either the original gold drugged herself to death before the podium, or died in the 2 years before the film's events - when the IOC only strips medals based on the on-site drug tests, or the infractor's own admittance (such as Marion Jones).