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[[quoteright:283:[[Literature/ArabianNights http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/arabiannightdlowefinish1_2270.jpg]]]]

->''"Oh I come from a land, from a faraway place\\
Where the caravan camels roam.\\
Where it's flat and immense\\
And the heat is intense[[note]]Original lyric was "Where they cut off your ear if they don't like your face"[[/note]]\\
It's barbaric, but hey, it's home.\\
When the wind's from the east\\
And the sun's from the west\\
And the sand in the glass is right,\\
Come on down\\
Stop on by\\
Hop a carpet and fly\\
To another Arabian night!"''
-->-- "Arabian Nights", ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''

Arabia: land of Ali-Baba, genies, [[BellyDancer belly dancers]], sheiks, Sultans, [[EvilChancellor evil Grand Viziers]] ([[TheGoodChancellor as well as some good ones]]), [[LovableRogue dashing thieves]] and [[RoyalHarem harem girls]]. When Western Europe was having its [[DarkAgeEurope Dark Age]], the Islamic world was having its Golden Age, both preserving and enhancing the knowledge of civilization.

Here, [[UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} Baghdad]] is still a wondrous, glittering city full of magic and mystery, instead of [[{{Qurac}} a grungy, sprawling Third World metropolis]] [[UsefulNotes/GulfWar with soldiers in Humvees]] [[WarOnTerror battling guys in dynamite vests through the cobblestone streets]]. It's the Baghdad of [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harun_al-Rashid Harun al-Rashid]] and his artistic and scientific legacy.

Mostly based on the Muslim world which stretched from Spain to India and Central Asia during the Middle Ages. Malaysia and Indonesia are usually not represented because of their tropical climate, as opposed to mystical deserts.

Historically, as noted above, this time period is analogous to the DarkAgeEurope of the 7th to the 11th century, but this is rarely referenced - and sometimes outright contradicted.

Sometimes this trope is instead based on the 16th-19th centuries' Ottoman Empire. This type of Arabian Nights Days tends to put less emphasis on magic and more [[{{Fanservice}} on harem girls]].

This trope can be a form of CulturalBlending, as the "Islamic world" was home to various different cultures and languages, such as Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and many others.

A popular trope for this setting is GenieInABottle, traditionally a LiteralGenie. {{Flying Carpet}}s are popular too, as are [[TreasureIsBiggerInFiction rubies and sapphires bigger than your fist]]. The look and feel of a BazaarOfTheBizarre often draws heavily on this period as well. Expect at least one reference to the "sands of time."

In fiction set in modern times, the same region inevitably becomes {{Qurac}}.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In the 25th World Martial Arts Tournament of ''Anime/DragonBallZ'', the participant [[FatBastard Pintar]] has an outfit similar to the Mid-Eastern style of the trope.
* ''Manga/MagiLabyrinthOfMagic'' draws inspiration from ''Literature/TheArabianNights'', but with more {{shonen|Demographic}} and fantasy elements.

* The "French Orientalist" artists, such as [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-Auguste-Dominique_Ingres Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres,]] [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean-L%C3%A9on_G%C3%A9r%C3%B4me Jean-Léon Gérôme]] and [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Delacroix Eugène Delacroix;]] not to mention Dutch illustrator Anton Pieck's illustrations of ''Literature/OneThousandAndOneNights''.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Fables}}'' portrays the free European fables as being stuck in the modern world after the adversary took over. When they ally with the Arabian Fables they expect them to be living in hiding in the middle east. Instead it turns out they are still living in their own traditional lands, complete with flying carpets, since the Adversary has only recently started targeting them and they are actually a cohesive force that can fight him unlike the Europeans (when they were conquered they had a very medieval mindset with each fief and principality on its own).
* One story in ''[[ComicBook/TheSandman Sandman]]'' features this version of Baghdad, which Caliph Harun al-Raschid finds so wonderful that he is haunted by the knowledge that it will someday end. He calls on Morpheus to preserve it forever, [[spoiler:and he obliges by [[RealityWarper changing it]] into [[TheMagicGoesAway a more mundane version of the city]], but causing the Arabian Nights Days version to live on in stories and dreams]].
* ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'': The Baghdad in which the series is set owes more to an AffectionateParody of ''Literature/ArabianNights'' than to historical accuracy.
%%* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}: ''Recap/AsterixAndTheMagicCarpet''
* In the ''ComicBook/DouweDabbert'' story "The Gate to the East", Douwe ends up in an unnamed, stereotypical middle-eastern country. Shortly after this, the series becomes more firmly rooted in the real world - just two albums later, Douwe is travelling with the historical East India Trading Company.
%%* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': The story "Prinses Zagemeel".

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''The Thief of Bagdad'', a [[Film/TheThiefOfBagdad1924 1924 silent movie]] and a more famous [[Film/TheThiefOfBagdad1940 1940 remake]]. The 1940 version was extremely influential on later Hollywood films with an Arabian Nights theme.
* The Sultan's court in Creator/TerryGilliam's ''Film/TheAdventuresOfBaronMunchausen''.
* Any film about Literature/SinbadTheSailor will at least start out here, even though it'll wind up on some uncharted island full of Creator/RayHarryhausen critters.
* The 1979 film ''Arabian Adventure''.

* ''Literature/OneThousandAndOneNights'' a.k.a. ''The Arabian Nights''. The single most important {{Trope Maker|s}}, not to mention the TropeNamer.
* ''Literature/TheGoldenDreamOfCarloChuchio''
* Klatch on the Literature/{{Discworld}} is Arabian Nights Days in ''Discworld/{{Sourcery}}'', the first book Klatchians play a major part in, but by the time ''Discworld/{{Jingo}}'' rolls around it's more of a late-19th/early-20th-century ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia'' style Middle East, with a few ''Literature/ArabianNights'' elements left in.
* Edward Said devoted his ''Orientalism'' to debunking this sort of myth.
** Or, more precisely, pointing out how the pervasiveness of this sort of myth prevented Europeans from having any sort of perspective on what the Middle East was, and is, ''actually'' like.
** Plus the fact that "orientalism" often misinterprets what's actually in ''Arabian Nights'' to begin with, especially the meaning of "fatalism", and the pervasive idea of sinister, effeminate guys (think Joel Cairo in ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon'') and silent, puppetlike women. Of course, modern scholars point out that [[http://www.salon.com/2006/12/06/orientalism/ Said didn't have the whole picture, either]].
* ''Literature/CastleInTheAir'', which bears the same relationship to the ''Arabian Nights'' as its predecessor ''Literature/HowlsMovingCastle'' does to Western fairy tales.
* William Beckford's ''Literature/{{Vathek}}'' mixes this with GothicHorror.
* And George Meredith's ''The Shaving of Shagpat'', an entirely original story that could fit right into the original ''Arabian Nights'', is fantastic and funny.
* Creator/AndreiBelyanin's ''The Thief of Baghdad'' novel has a modern-day Russian man end up in this trope thanks to a genie and Creator/OmarKhayyam. Suffering from magic-related [[LaserGuidedAmnesia amnesia]], the protagonist learns the trade of thievery from Omar and embarks on the task of ending the rule of the evil Emir of Baghdad. On the way, he encounters Nasreddin, the Emir's guards, the Emir's entire harem (who are quite happy to see him), and... [[IfJesusThenAliens aliens]] (because, why not?). The framing device is the protagonist telling this story to the author of the book, making his safe return a foregone conclusion. The sequel, ''The Shamer of Shaitan'' has the protagonist being sent back to Arabia (with his memories intact, this time) to take on [[TheDevil Shaitan]] himself. The third novel ''Return the Thief!'' has ancient Arabia once again in need of the Thief, as it is on the brink of war. This time, the story is told [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis to the author]] not by the titular character but by Nasreddin, who somehow ends up in modern times and seems to adjust pretty well.
** The third novel in Belyanin's ''Jack the Mad King'' trilogy is called ''Jack in the East'' and has the titular protagonist travel to this world's equivalent of Arabia to rescue the sultan's daughter.
* Washington Irving's ''Tales of the Alambra'' is set during the Spanish Reconquista: Arabian Nights Days with {{Badass Spaniard}}s.
* ''Literature/YashimSeries'': An Ottoman [[ChasteHero Eunuch]] in the Nineteenth Century and his boon companion, a Polish NobleFugitive. [[TheyFightCrime They Fight Crime!]]
* ''The Desert of Souls'' and ''The Bones of the Old Ones'' by Howard Andrew Jones are set in the 8th Century Caliphate, with generous heapings of fantasy added to the historical fiction.
* ''The Father of Locks'' by Andrew Killeen has a meticulously researched 8th century Baghdad setting.
* ''Literature/TheHorseAndHisBoy'' takes place largely in Calormen, a fantasy culture with a clear debt to the ''Literature/ArabianNights''; it also appears in several other installments of Literature/TheChroniclesOfNarnia. ''The Arabian Nights'' even provided Creator/CSLewis with the name "Aslan" (he found it in a footnote to an English translation; it is the Turkish word for "Lion".)
* The city of Sirr in ''[[Literature/TheQuantumThief The Fractal Prince]]'' is a sci-fi interpretation of the trope. It is a great city built in the ruins of a fallen space station in the middle of the [[GreyGoo Wildcode Desert]]. Its inhabitants use technological flying carpets as their primary mode of transportation and bind Jinns, actually uploaded human minds living in the Wildcode, into jar-like miniature computers to use them as servitors. The theme of the place is essentially MagicFromTechnology.
* ''Literature/TheFangsOfKaath'' by Paul Kidd and its sequel are set in Osra, a fictional sultanate which is essentially a combined FantasyCounterpartCulture of Egypt, Persia, and the Abbasid Caliphate. Despite the inhabitants being {{funny animal}}s, Islam and Christianity are both more or less the same, though perhaps both slightly more liberal. While there is sorcery, its day-to-day use seems to be mostly limited to UtilityMagic such as dyeing fur.
%%* "Literature/TheSixtyTwoCursesOfCaliphArenschadd" by Creator/PatriciaCWrede.
* A variation in ''Literature/TheLibrariansAndTheLostLamp''. While the events take place in the 21st century ([[PlotThreads one storyline in 2006 and one in 2016]]), the focus is on this trope as told in Scheherezade's ''Literature/ArabianNights''. Apparently, everything that she wrote about in her book (at least, the original edition, which Flynn discovers in 2006) [[AllMythsAreTrue has actually happened]]. There's a nod to ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'', when the Forty (the modern-day version of Ali Baba's Forty Thieves) force Flynn and a Baghdad historian to help them find Aladdin's lamp. As they enter the lamp's resting place (where it was placed by Ali Baba and Sinbad), they see dozens of different lamps. Flynn deliberately makes a grab for a clearly Arabic one, when, in fact, he knows perfectly well that, in the original story, Aladdin obtained the lamp in China. When the BigBad grabs the fake lamp, it rapidly heats up and burns his hand, at the same time starting a cave-in, while Flynn and the historian make off with the jade lamp of Zhy dynasty design, which turns out to be the real deal. In the 2016 plotline, Stone is annoyed at the cheap Hollywood version of this trope being displayed in a Vegas casino, constantly complaining about everything the casino gets wrong.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' episode "I Dream of Phoebe" -- genie in a bottle? Check. Flying carpets? Check. Men with scimitars? Check. Magical desert city? Check.
* Agrabah, as portrayed in the ''Series/OnceUponATime'' [[Series/OnceUponATimeInWonderland spin-off]]. As the Enchanted Forest is modelled after medieval Europe, it's only fitting that Agrabah gets patterned after the Middle East. Plenty of genies and flying carpets, with a BedlahBabe or two thrown in.

* Played straight with ''Pinball/TalesOfTheArabianNights'', set in a fairy tale land with an evil ''djinn'' and a [[DamselInDistress kidnapped princess]].

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The ''Arabian Nights'' expansion of ''MagicTheGathering'' (actually inspired by the above ''Sandman'' example). It was later retconned into the plane of Rabiah. Another Arabian-inspired plane called Alkabah is briefly seen in [[ComicBook/MagicTheGatheringIDW IDW's comic series]].
* The ''Al-Qadim'' campaign setting for ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''.
* Araby in ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' fits most of the portrayal.
* TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} ''[[http://www.sjgames.com/gurps/books/arabiannights/ Arabian Nights]]'' is about roleplaying within this trope, while some lands within the world of ''GURPS TabletopGames/{{Banestorm}}'' reflect it.'' GURPS TabletopGame/CastleFalkenstein: [[http://www.sjgames.com/gurps/books/ottoman/ The Ottoman Empire]]'' is about a version of the Ottoman Empire, in a GaslampFantasy world, that's very heavy on the Arabian Nights elements.
* ''TabletopGame/ArsMagica'', while typically set in Mythic Europe, frequently includes elements of this trope either due to the influence of Islamic culture upon European scholastics and the Fourth Crusade (and Reconquista). In particular, the 4th Edition supplement "Blood and Sand" covers the Levant while the 5th Edition book "The Cradle and the Crescent" details the Arabian Peninsula, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Transoxiana.
* ''TabletopGame/TalesOfTheArabianNights'' is a ChooseYourOwnAdventure-style game that runs on RandomEncounters from different Arabian Nights archetypes and characters. The game board is even based on an ancient Arabian map.

%%* ''Kismet''.
%%* Music/WolfgangAmadeusMozart's ''Die Entführung aus dem Serail'' (''The Abduction from the Seraglio'').

[[folder:Video Games]]
%%* ''VideoGame/GuildWars'' Nightfall's Vabbi.
%%* ''Franchise/PrinceOfPersia''
%%* ''VideoGame/SonicAndTheSecretRings'' (''very'' loosely)
* The ''Treasures of Aht Urhgan'' expansion of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXI'', complete with an evil Grand Vizier who heads the mysterious, veiled Immortals.
* ''VideoGame/QuestForGloryII'' is built off this trope, including flying carpets, genies in rings, and versions of Harun al-Rashid, Ja'afar and Iblis.
* In ''VideoGame/MonsterWorldIV'', the whole world is a [[FantasyCounterpartCulture fantasy version]] of this.
* ''VideoGame/DokiDokiPanic'' is largely based around this trope. As a result some elements, such as the flying carpets, are also in ''VideoGame/SuperMarioBros2''. In turn, ''VideoGame/MarioKart7'' has a track based on the Subcon desert called Shy Guy Bazaar, complete with ''Super Mario Bros. 2'' references and Middle East-inspired music.
* [[FantasyCounterpartCulture Sequin Land]], the setting of the ''VideoGame/{{Shantae}}'' games.
* Arabian Night from ''VideoGame/WarioLand 4''.
* The Gerudo from the ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime Legend of Zelda]]'' series seem to be ''very loosely'' based off of this trope, where the harem girls ''are'' thieves. Also, their king, Ganondorf, happens to be the main antagonist in the series, and he happens to be skilled with sorcery.
* The Alin from ''VideoGame/RiseOfLegends'' are based on this trope. Their floating cities are located in a vast desert, and their lands are full of magical creatures made up of fire and glass. There are, of course, genies. Interestingly, the Alin are on the verge of being overrun by the so-called Dark Alin, creatures born of magic fueled by [[spoiler:an alien artifact]]. The intro film shows Alin forces besieging a Vinci city in a clear case of MagicVersusTechnology. This never happens in the game, however. The other {{Fantasy Counterpart Culture}}s in the game are the Vinci (Renaissance-era Italy fueled by [[Creator/LeonardoDaVinci Leonardo's]] SteamPunk and ClockPunk inventions) and the Cuotl (a Mayincatec culture using technology given by their SufficientlyAdvancedAlien masters). And while the Alin-Vinci battle never happens in the game, the ending heavily implies that, with the Alin no longer under threat, they are looking West towards the Vinci city-states to expand their territory.
* ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'' had arab-themed sets for the Demoman, Sniper and Spy (One Thousand And One Demoknights, Lawrence Of Australia and Saharan Spy respectively). Out of the three, the Saharan Spy was considered [[GameBreaker overpowered]].
* Both ''VideoGame/DiabloII'' and ''VideoGame/DiabloIII'' have desert cities with this motif.
* The city of Guera in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyThe4HeroesOfLight'' has this aesthetic.
* Al-Mamoon in ''VideoGame/NiNoKuni''. Its name even means something like "a safe place" in Arabic (and doubles as a pun on the fact that its ruler is a [[FunnyAnimal cow woman]]).
* The Isle of the Crown in ''Videogame/KingsQuestVI'' is vaguely Arabic in culture, however it is covered in lush vegetation.
* Al Maajik in ''VideoGame/FantasyLife''. It's also the setting's magic capital.
* In ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'', the Academy faction has this theme in V,VI, and VII. With wizards in Arabian attire riding flying carpets, commanding armies of gargoyles, and titans.
* In ''VideoGame/FaeryLegendsOfAvalon'', one of the three worlds you get sent to is partly based on Middle Eastern mythology (with AncientEgypt making up the remainder). It's populated genies, peris, and so forth some of whom were the inspiration for various human stories and myths, although they don't necessarily live up to the tales.
* VideoGame/Wizard101: Mirage, in a high fantasy sort of way. One early quest there has you visit a genie who just lives in a nondescript tent within walking distance of a large gathering of nomads.
* ''VideoGame/AlQadimTheGeniesCurse'' has this as overriding theme, as it's set in the Al-Qadim sub-setting of the TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms. Scimitar-wielding corsairs, genies, scheming viziers, and magic carpets all make their obligatory appearances.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfPrinceAchmed'' takes its main plot from the ''Arabian Nights'' story "The Ebony Horse", and it even has Literature/{{Aladdin}} as a supporting character.
* Creator/{{Disney}}'s ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' franchise. The original "Literature/{{Aladdin}}" is nominally set in China, but given the fact that "China" as described in the story is identical to the average Arabian city of the time, it's likely that the author was just engaging in a bit of exoticism.[[note]] It is also possible that the "China" described in the story is East Turkestan � a.k.a Xinjiang � an area populated by the Muslim Uyghur people that today is controlled by China, but wasn't then. However, if it wasn't controlled by China when it was written, why would they call it that? It is possible that it is the protectorate of Sogdiana, which was controlled by the Chinese Empire at the time.[[/note]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AlfredJKwak'': The Evil Genie of Darkness originates from an ambiguously Middle Eastern kingdom which still looks to be in mediaeval times. The rest of the show has a lot of AnachronismStew as well, but Egypt curiously seems to be set in the modern day.
* ''The WesternAnimation/ArabianKnights'': One of the cartoon segments on WesternAnimation/TheBananaSplits show.
* ''WesternAnimation/FantasticMax'', looking for the right kind of sand for his sandbox, ended up in the land of Dinar. There he was mistaken for the long-lost prince, who was actually leading a band of loveable rogues in a ''Theatre/TheDesertSong''-like situation.
* ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooInArabianNights'', though the Arabian setting acts more like a background that grants place for stories set elsewhere.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheThiefAndTheCobbler'': One of the [[{{Macekre}} butchered cuts]] of the film outright sets the story in Baghdad, although the original only ever calls it "The Golden City". Fits the trope regardless.