%% This list of examples has been alphabetized. Please add your example in the proper place. Thanks!

[[quoteright:350:[[VideoGame/UntoldLegends http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/antimage_3849.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350: Rule #1: No magic within 300 ft.\\
Rule #2: Don't use Magic X.\\
Rule #3: No mages within 10000 ft.]]

A specific kind of [[TheEmpire empire]] or organisation set in a world where magic is possible and/or supernatural exists, whose agenda is against said magic and supernatural things. It forbids practicing magic, prosecutes mages and supernatural creatures and so on.

The Anti-Magical Faction comes in two flavors:

* '''Classical:''' This version is a WellIntentionedExtremist faction trying to [[ThePurge cleanse the world]] of "dangerous and unstable" magic [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans for the greater good of all]]; it often employs technology instead; or if the setting has a divide between "arcane" and "divine" magic, the faction may wield "divine" magic instead while trying to stamp out "arcane" magic (especially common if the faction is some kind of religious sect or organization). This faction is genuinely against magic and the supernatural.
* '''Hypocritical:''' This version pretends to be the classical version, but has a more sinister hidden goal--that being not to cleanse the world of magic, but to ensure that ''only'' the faction in question is allowed to wield it, hypocritically gathering it all in its hands. In this case, the magic is restricted to its [[EliteMook elite followers]] or just [[TheDragon the]] [[BigBad leaders]].

Both versions of the Anti-Magical Faction are likely to wield some form of AntiMagic or [[KryptoniteFactor kryptonite]]. Their goal is often to impose a total BanOnMagic. Their ideology often contains a notion that MagicIsEvil, but even if [[TheExtremistWasRight they're right]], their extreme methods often make for BlackAndGreyMorality or EvilVersusEvil. If the faction employs technology, the result is likely to be TheMagicVersusTechnologyWar. Such a faction is the group equivalent of DoesNotLikeMagic.

May also be combined with MugglePower and overlap with CapeBusters.

See also MageKiller, DemonSlayer, OccultDetective, and TheWitchHunter. A group of these likely were involved in the founding of the faction and they probably still make up a good portion of the faction's non-CannonFodder membership.


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex'' has Necessarius, who wants to get rid of all magic, due to their beliefs. They were created by the Anglican Church to rid the world of magic. However, their answer to this is to make a girl with a photographic memory memorize over 100,000 tomes on magic, ''and'' have all of their members ''become magicians''. Their reasoning is that it takes magic to beat magic; Necessarius is also known as [[NecessarilyEvil The Church of Necessary Evil]].
** The creator of the science side of the series' MagicVersusScience battle is also an evil mage who wants to keep the magic "hidden".
* ''Anime/CrossAnge'' actually has both an ''inverse'' and ''good guy'' version of this trope.
** For the inverse, about all of the world persecutes against Norma, who are either shot or exiled to an inland PenalColony known as Arzenal. It turns out the Norma not only can not use magic, but [[AntiMagic cancelled it directly]]. This was not a foreseen outcome by the world's creator, who wants a world without war or conflict (or so he says), and found it best to have said Norma removed as the rest of the people got arrogantly complacent and [[FantasticRacism treated Norma as evil monsters]].
** Then, said Norma are the good guys version of the trope. Not only are they fighting against Mana users for their racism, but they're getting their power by reaping the DRAGONs they kill for a living as livestock, fueling a machine that holds their leader captive. [[spoiler:And they succeed in the end, taking away the Mana users' magic and leaving them in a world of violence and turmoil.]]
* The anti-esper organization called "Normal People" from ''Manga/ZettaiKarenChildren'' is probably one of the most shamelessly blatant examples of this.

[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* This appears to be the aims of Twilight and his followers in the ''ComicBook/BuffyTheVampireSlayer Season Eight'' comic.
* ''Comicbook/DoctorStrange'':
** The Doc runs afoul of these from time to time, though in the Marvel Universe they tend to be lone fanatics who've amassed a following. In ''ComicBook/WorldWarHulk'' his primary accuser was a wild-eyed woman who claimed he "dances with the Devil" (not true; they're just acquaintances) and had nearly killed civilians (which was true).
** The 2015 series has the Empirikul, an alien inquisition who view magic as a "corruption" and have some way of counteracting it. They've already killed several of Strange's counterparts in other dimensions, and are coming for him next.
* ''ComicBook/PathfinderWorldscape'': the Holy Therns are priests of the Martian goddess Issus and employed in the Worldscape as servants to [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Empress Camilla]], who allows them to persecute anyone who practices magic, believing it to be a blasphemy against their goddess' divine power (ironically, Issus was just a mad crone with no powers worshiped as a goddess). [[AllLovingHero Kyra]] nearly gets arrested and [[GladiatorGames sentenced to the arena]] for using her power as a [[WhiteMage Cleric of Sarenrae]] to heal someone. With that said, Camilla employs an EvilSorcerer as her chancellor and he is presumably left off-limits from their zealotry. [[spoiler:Ironically, said chancellor is revealed to be TheStarscream who actually succeeds in backstabbing Camilla, with the Therns being unable to protect her from him]].

[[folder: Fan Works ]]
* This comes up rather often in ''FRanchise/HarryPotter'' fanfics, particularly those who don't want to simply rehash the Death Eaters.
* In ''FanFic/{{Webwork}}'', Captain Black's [[NotSoOmniscientCouncilOfBickering superiors]] eventually decide to wean out Section 13's reliance on civilian "contractors" (namely, Jackie and company) by creating a new agency called Section 0 designed specifically to deal with magical threats. However, this group currently consists of three agents working out of a repurposed closet space in Section 13's base, so for the time being, they're mostly reliant on the J-Team for help.
* In ''Fanfic/WithStringsAttached'', the law in Ketafa is that magic is forbidden; those accused are, at the very least, publicly flogged. Not that it stops a lively magical underground, the Hiddenwizards. (We never see them, but Lyndess mentions them a few times, as do Terdan and Remlar.) And the “Favorites of the Gods”--Baravadans--are exempt from this law.
* The New Athenians from [[https://www.fimfiction.net/stories?q=beacon+of+hope TCB: A Beacon Of Hope]] are a weird case. They're an entire city of [[RogueDrone Newfoals]] who hate ponykind and everything it stands for because the "SpeciesLoyalty toward ponies" and "FantasticRacism toward humans" parts of the formula got switched around. When Twilight tries to point out that [[YouAreWhatYouHate they are ponies who use magic]] (presumably they had to do so to build the prosthetic hands they use now) it turns out not only are they [[BoomerangBigot aware of the irony]], [[TheGadfly they take pleasure in how offensive their behavior must be to someone who enjoys being a pony and casting spells]]. Their entire hatred of magic is a backlash to the Equestrians CondescendingCompassion more than anything else.
* ''Fanfic/HalloweenUnspectacular'': The main antagonists of the third edition's StoryArc are the Witchfinders, a group of {{Knight Templar}}s created by King James I to eradicate all magic users in first Britain, and then the rest of the world, along with everyone who supports them.
* ''Fanfic/EquestriaDivided'' has House Earthborn.

[[folder:Film -- Animated]]
* Implied with Lord Farquaad in ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}.'' Farquaad banishes all magical creatures from his kingdom, apparently finding them to be disgusting all for the sake of making his kingdom perfect. However, his possible anti-magic beliefs were never looked into or discussed, so it's a little unclear. A bit of [[{{Hypocrite}} hypocrisy]] to that is that he keeps the Magic Mirror with him.

[[folder:Film – Live Action]]
* ''Film/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'': The New Salem Philanthropic Society wishes to expose and [[TheWitchHunter eliminate witches and wizards]] [[spoiler:They are actually Scourers, descendants of the first magical rulers of the Colonies who were ousted in the American Revolution and have hated the US magical government ever since. They are such a source of paranoia that American wizards can't associate with [[{{Muggle}} no-maj's]] out of fear they and their whole world could be exposed and destroyed]].
* The East India Trading Company in ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'' wants to take over the British Empire and wipe out everything they can't control, which includes all pirates and all supernatural elements. That said, they're more than willing to use Davy Jones' ''Flying Dutchman''' and the Kraken to achieve those ends.
-->'''Lord Cutler Beckett''': This is no longer your world, Jones. The immaterial has become... immaterial.

* The kingdoms of the Aldabreshin archipelago in [=Juliet E. McKenna=]'s ''Aldabreshin Compass'' tetralogy. The collected warlords ban magic on pain of [[FlayingAlive having your skin ripped off while still alive and then nailed to a post]]. [[FridgeLogic Since magical dragons and wizards exist on the mainland, it's a little unclear why]]. And of course Astrology is seen as perfectly okay and non-magical.
* In ''Literature/BornWicked'', the Brotherhood, who are in charge of everything, are anti-magic. They oppress women, and their strongest enemies are female witches, so they kill them wherever they can.
* In ''Literature/ChildrenOfTheBlackSun'', the whole nation of Ricalan (where the trilogy is set) is generally against all kinds of magic, believing it to be [[MagicIsEvil inherently evil]]. People with minor abilities are tolerated if they wear a [[PowerNullifier magic suppressor]], and very limited magic is tolerated for the purpose of detecting such people and constructing the suppressors, but that's it. However, Ricalan is currently being invaded by a country which routinely uses magic in war, causing the Ricalani monarch to hypocritically ally with an EvilSorcerer to counter that advantage. The protagonist, who is potentially even more powerful, later provides a non-evil alternative once people have reconsidered their hostility enough to trust her.
* In the ''Literature/{{Deryni}}'' works, the coalition of human spiritual and temporal lords who became regents for King Alroy Haldane installed one of their own as Primate of Gwynedd (at sword's point), passed [[BanOnMagic the Laws of Ramos]], and started persecutions of Deryni that lasted for over two centuries. This was a complete effort, with civil liabilities, [[KillItWithFire harsh punishments]], and a book of anti-Deryni propaganda authored by a cleric and promulgated throughout the kingdom.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** The Baron in ''Discworld/TheWeeFreeMen'' has ordered witches on the Chalk [[BurnTheWitch burnt]] since he (wrongly) believes a witch took his son.
** Also a theme in ''Discworld/IShallWearMidnight'', with Tiffany dealing with the spirit of an overzealous witch hunter who has become some sort of AnthropomorphicPersonification of the hate and mistrust people have for witches and other outsiders.
** The Star People from ''Discworld/TheLightFantastic'' are this, although they're also pretty much anti- everything that's human. Of course, since [[AntiMagic the star they worship]] is literally [[TheMagicGoesAway sucking the magic away]], it makes sense.
** Arguably the ''wizards themselves'' in Discworld are the anti-magic faction; their role is not to use magic, but to regulate magic and ensure it is not used very much, because the last time magic was used a lot, the world was almost destroyed.
* ''Literature/{{Dragonlance}}'':
** Groups like the Minotaurs and the Gnomes disdain magic for various reasons, though they (generally) don't actively hunt magic-users down--they just don't do it themselves, and look down on anyone who does.
** The empire of Istar, however, played this trope very straight as an example of divine vs. arcane magic. It [[TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt didn't end well]].
* In the ''Literature/DresdenFiles'', Michael, a Christian, is quite fond of giving Harry Dresden (a wise-cracking wizard and the titular character) what Harry calls the "Cast aside your dark powers before they consume you" speech. Apparently the Church is against magic in general whenever their God's not involved. This is supposedly due to a mistranslation from the Latin the Bible was originally written in--from hating Warlocks (black magic users), to hating all magic users. But they're pretty lax on it these days and Michael himself even more so due to a close wizard friend (Harry) and [[spoiler:his wife (who is a lapsed magic user), and his daughter is a ''very'' powerful wizard.]]
* The Red Monks from Tim Lebbon's ''Dusk'' and ''Dawn'' are an especially murderous and hate-filled variant. They are also tremendous hypocrites in that they use powers that, while technically not magic (according to the Red Monks), are pretty damn hard to distinguish from it.
* The Federation Seekers from ''Literature/TheHeritageOfShannara'' are a hypocritical example. They viciously hunt down all practitioners of magic, but are secretly controlled by the vampiric sorcerers known as the Shadowen. Their magic-hunting serves the triple purpose of removing rivals, getting "food" for the Shadowen (who feed off magic) and recruiting (since Shadowen are TheVirus). However, as far as most people are aware, the Seekers just persecute magic because it's illegal in the Federation.
* Galbatorix in ''[[Literature/TheInheritanceCycle Inheritance]]'' has the ultimate goal of restricting all magic use, though he doesn't wish to wipe it out entirely. He claims that magic is the great unfairness in the world, as someone either can or cannot use it; there is no learning to use magic.
* [[KnightTemplar Clan Righteous]] in ''The Fires of Merlin'' from Literature/TheLostYearsOfMerlin series, who use AntiMagic called Negatus Mysterium, which is found in magic-eating creatures called Kreelixes (though it didn't seem to phase the god of evil when he supercharged one, [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve probably because it only works if you believe in it]]).
* The Order in ''Literature/{{Runemarks}}'' is devoted to the elimination of the Firefolk (read: demons, gods, people and animals born with glam). They are type 2 on the description above, since the 'Good Book' lists cantrips that Magisters are allowed to use, [[spoiler: and their deity is actually Mimir]]
* The Heresy of Galla in V. Panov's ''Secret City''. Their battle cry goes "[[{{God}} The Sleeper]] wasn't a mage!". Galla's Heresy mostly takes male Lyud' [[GenderRestrictedAbility who are generally incapable of magic]], but also has a significant fraction of Chud', as the Chud' society carries a strong bias against those unable to live up to the MagicKnight ideal. Mages will forfeit their and their children's magic upon joining the Heresy, and the Heresy's temples serve as {{Power Nullifier}}s.
* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'', the Maesters of the Citadel are an organization of monk-like scholars who study a variety of subjects, including magic. In ''A Dance With Dragons'', Maester Marwyn reveals that there is a faction of the Citadel who want to actively extinguish magic from the world.
* {{Inverted|Trope}} in Terry Mancour's ''Literature/TheSpellmongerSeries'', in that the Royal Censorate of Magic is itself run by mages, and they don't ban all magic. They only make studying all but a few avenues of magical study illegal to practice, and they also hunt down magi who are not officially registered as part of their system.
* The Blood of the Fold in Terry Goodkind's ''Literature/TheSwordOfTruth'' is a classical example ([[{{Hypocrite}} though its leader makes use of his sister's magic against other users']]), while the Imperial Order from the [[ExpansionPackWorld Old World]] is a hypocritical example. Ultra-powerful wizards and various magical weapons are used for the Order's cause of Magic Is Bad (one wizard in the Order even says when questioned on his hypocrisy that yes, eventually he will be killed too, after they succeed in destroying all magic). At the same time, the Order's leaders are conferring {{Immortality}} upon themselves with it. One Imperial Order member later explains they use magic to eliminate it.
* In ''Literature/TheTraitorSonCycle'', the clergy under the command of the Patriarch of Rhum is convinced that to do magic is to make a pact with the devil, and when they get their hands on Alba, they excommunicate the local order of {{Magic Knight}}s and try to have the "witch" Queen burned at stake. The kicker being, of course, that the Patriarch of Rhum and his lackey, the archbishop of Alba, are (independently) making deals with two of this world's most Satan-like figures.
* Karse in the ''Literature/{{Valdemar}}'' series has a habit of killing magic users when and where it finds them, although as it turns out, if the magic-user is caught young enough they're actually recruited into the priesthood, so they're a hypocritical example.
* The thinly-veiled Church of the One God in the works of V. Ivashchenko is most often of the "divine vs. arcane" variety.
* ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'':
** The Whitecloaks, as well as the country of Amadicia and the Seanchan (the first two kill, the third enslave and treat like pets. YMMV on which is worse).
** Tear is an odd variation -- [[FunctionalMagic channeling]] is illegal in Tear, but channelers aren't actively hunted so long as they keep it to themselves, and the Tairens actually send ''more'' [[GenderRestrictedAbility daughters]] to [[WizardingSchool the White Tower]] than anyone, if only because it's the handiest way to quietly get rid of a channeling relative.
* ''Literature/WitchAndWizard'''s New Order takes this a notch further and condemns all ''arts'', not just the arcane/mystic ones -- although the two persecuted protagonists do have powers. Turns out to be hypocritical, as the BigBad, "The One Who Is the One" uses magic BIG TIME, sometimes to kill children--out of sheer boredom!
* The Purists from ''Literature/TheWitchlands'' are a quasi-religious group convinced that all witches are evil and should be eradicated. They're not very good at their job, though, seeing how they unknowingly have [[spoiler:a Cursewitch]] among their clergy.

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]
* The MonsterOfTheWeek in the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' episode "Gingerbread" brainwashes people into becoming this, (and has apparently been doing so for a long time). Buffy nearly gets burnt at the stake by her own mother before managing to kill it.
* ''Series/{{Merlin 2008}}'':
** Uther Pendragon tries to ban magic. At the time it's set, he has largely succeeded in destroying a culture (through unknown methods, as his elite knights have proven inept at defeating even a lone sorcerer, except by dumb luck). Most of the conflict in the story comes from people hating him for the various repressions and executions involved in this, usually with Arthur stuck squarely in the crossfire, and from Merlin trying to do his thing without getting outed and killed as a traitorous sorcerer.
** Ironically, though, with the exception of Merlin, the series is rather vague on how justified Uther's crusade was. Gaius, himself a magic user, seems to be of the opinion that there was a significant fraction of evil wizards and witches back then. At the same time, however, we're treated to stories of the brutal slaughter of the relatively benign druids. The magic users left now aren't really unethical in killing their version of Hitler.
** As time goes on, it's clear that the magical faction wasn't that innocent either. Apparently, the High Priestesses had a magical tower where they sent people to be brainwashed, a serpent they'd summon from the depths of the underworld if they needed to do it quickly would tear the veil between life and death every solstice (although the summer one was quite tame if done right, the winter solstice set hundreds of depraved souls loose on innocents), and had extremely harsh methods of keeping the non-magical in line. Of course, the remaining high priestess who does all this is [[SanitySlippage pretty far off the deep end]], so we're left to draw our own conclusions about how much of this was actually done when Uther declared war.
* The "Home Office" in ''Series/OnceUponATime'' is thought to be a classical example by its {{Muggle}} agents like [[spoiler: Greg and Tamara]], but is really a hypocritical example [[spoiler: As Peter Pan is actually the guy in charge!]]
* ''Series/TheShannaraChronicles'': The second season gives us the Crimson, an elven group that wants to wipe out all magic and magic users. While they have a point that the ancient druids have a disturbing tendency to turn evil and start summoning demons, they blame all magic users. The last good druid is seen as no different from the Warlock Lord, and people with minor talents are crucified as a warning to others. The common people support the Crimson to a disturbing degree, and their numbers grow daily. [[spoiler:When the Warlock Lord returns, he kills most of them, including their leader, with only the slightest amount of effort. The kingdom of Leigh offers clemency to the survivors if they help fight the Warlock Lord, which most of them accept]].


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'':
** Can be found in on occasion, though it's more usually a faction enforcing a "nobody in this town/country is allowed to use magic but ''us''" rule. That said, you do get factions like the (now technically former) Cult of Entropy based in the city of Lutcheq in the TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms who consider ''all'' use of arcane magic an abomination punishable by death, or the Principalities of Glantri on TabletopGame/{{Mystara}}, an actual {{magocracy}} where the use of ''clerical'' magic is punished with similar harshness on principle.
** The [[PathOfInspiration Inspired]] in ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' crack down ''viciously'' on wielders of arcane magic. However, this is ''only'' true of arcane magic; priests in their service are allowed to use [[ReligionIsMagic divine magic]] (since they get it by having true faith in the divinity of the Inspired), and the Inspired themselves use [[PsychicPowers psionic magic]] (though they persecute anyone ''else'' use uses psionics). Their hatred for arcane magic mostly boils down to it being a force they can't use themselves and have only a limited understanding of -- it's not something they risk keeping around.
** Similarly, the Druids of the Ashbound sect vehemently persecute arcane spellcasters, whilst themselves happily using their own druidic spells, because they believe arcane magic damages nature. The problem is, the setting ''runs'' on {{magitek}} in the form of industrialised arcane spellcasting.
** Generally speaking (it does show up in other locations as well), ''D&D'' anti-magical factions tends to go for being against specific ''kinds'' of magic -- the Cult of Entropy is anti-arcane magic, but have absolutely nothing against clerical magic (psionics is rare enough in the Realms that the issue hasn't really come up), Glantri as mentioned is fond of arcane magic but opposed to clerical magic, the Inspired persecute arcanists but see divine magic received from worshipping the Inspired as a good thing, and so on. This tends to limit the hypocrisy issue (they ''aren't'' using the kind of magic their public ideology says is bad) while allowing a measure of balance and an explanation for why they aren't out-competed by the powerful magic of other factions (because they do have magic on their side, just not ''that'' specific kind of magic).
* The Ascended from ''TabletopGame/FengShui'' are a classical example, since the only thing that can revert them back to their original animal forms is magic and they are not very willing to undergo that.
* The [[TabletopGame/MageTheAscension Technocracy]] of the TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness are an interesting case as they consider themselves a Classic example, but are in fact a Hypocritical example who (for the most part) don't realise they are doing magic.
** Other antagonist factions are more more straightforwardly anti-magic, such as hunters (who see anything weird and immediately feel compelled to smite it) and banishers (who are essentially insane even by mage standards and strike out at consensus violators instinctively, often because alterations to reality cause them physical or mental pain or because their brain is re-written to run on hate even in lucid moments to make planning murders easier).
* A few of these exist in ''TabletopGame/MageTheAwakening''. The [[AncientConspiracy Seers of the Throne]] are pretty much the "Hypocrite" variant mentioned above: they want to make sure that the only people who get to Awaken are the ones who will throw their will behind their ascended masters. Though at least they're honest enough to admit outright that they're not so much "anti-magic" as "anti-people other than Seers using magic". The Banishers, on the other hand, are mages who had their Awakenings go horribly wrong, and now hunt other mages out of a desire to cleanse the earth of their "sins." The Lucid, meanwhile, are Sleepwalkers who went wrong, kind of like Banishers, and so are driven insane when they sense magic, causing them to instinctively and unquestioningly kill any mage or destroy an magic item they encounter.
* In old ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' lore (specifically, the ''very'' old set "The Dark" and its associated novel), the Church of Tal was a sun-worshipping religion that held that all MagicIsEvil - as a consequence of a series of catastrophes [[NiceJobBreakingItHero caused by]] [[AntiHero Urza]] - and thus were militant, paranoid witch-hunting Inquisition that exterminated any magicians it came across. Eventually, they were outed as hypocrites, whose litanies and "miracles" were actually WhiteMagic spells, and gradually the religion lost political power and faded.
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Mordheim}}'' the [[TheWitchHunter Witch Hunters]] faction embodies this trope. Sure, given the setting, they focus on fighting the malevolent chaotic mages, but their back-story leaves little doubt about their general anti-magic beliefs.
* The Coalition States in ''TabletopGame/{{Rifts}}'' is anti-magic in the same way they're [[KillEmAll Anti-Nonhuman]]. They weren't always this way. The Coalition actually was starting a nascent Special-Ops program using mages, then they got into a bloody war with the one magic-using faction that was nearly as bad as they are (or would be). They turned anti-magic after that, but a few surviving ex-Coalition mages (and their descendants/students) formed a group called ''The Vanguard'', and chose to continue helping the Coalition from the shadows.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'':
** The Dwarfs are a fairly straight example, since Dwarfs can't use magic directly and don't seem to trust it, but they do have magical items and for game balance purposes [[DoomyDoomsOfDoom the Anvil of Doom]] can be used to cast spells.
** The Bretonnians set themselves up as this, but hypocritically, since they have "[[UnEqualRites Prophetesses]]" who can cast "prayers" that [[ReligionIsMagic look suspiciously like the spells used by other factions]]. Similarly, the knights consider missile weapons and siege engines to be unchivalric, but are perfectly happy to let commoners field them.
*** It's less "Anti-" than simple mistrust. Magic-potential children in Brettonia are taken away by the Green Knight. The girls come back as Prophetesses, the boys don't come back at all.
** Strictly speaking, the Empire's religion is opposed to magic and demands that its citizens BurnTheWitch. However, the Empire has a College system to allow wizards to be properly trained and given "Please do not burn by order of the Emperor" letters.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** The Imperium is an example that varies DependingOnTheWriter. In some novels Psykers are hated everywhere with Psykers trained and sanctioned by the Imperium barely tolerated with all non-Imperial Psykers killed on sight as "Witches" (and in some cases not even sanctioning is enough to stop the mob), while in other books sanctioned Psykers are given the same respect as tax collectors; they are viewed as government officials and given the appropriate respect, but nobody really likes them. It should be noted that not only is the Imperium so massive both examples can be true at the same time, the setting being [[CrapsackWorld what it is]], uncontrolled use of psychic powers often [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity causes insanity]], and other side-effects can include: mutation, [[DemonicPossession possession]], [[SuperPowerMeltdown death and uncontrolled psychic phenomena]], [[YourSoulIsMine getting your soul eaten]], or otherwise [[MagicIsAMonsterMagnet drawing the attention]] of [[TheCorruption Chaos]]. The more dramatic effects (and thankfully much more rare) effects include a chance of [[ApocalypseHow getting your entire planet eaten by demons]] or inadvertently drawing the attention of your friendly neighborhood [[TheLegionsofHell Chaos Cult or Chaos Space Marines]]. The Imperium, though it often considers it a professional requirement to be overzealous, is ProperlyParanoid when it comes to Psykers.
** It should also be noted that Imperium is ''incredibly'' hypocritical when it comes to this. They often hunt down and kill any psyker not aligned with them, and have been known treat those who are with contempt and paranoid hatred. On the other hand, psykers who appear "holy" to the Imperium are valued. The "miracles" brought about by the Sisters of Battle are seen as sacred, despite being in all likelihood a manifestation of psychic power on a grand scale (the setting [[ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve tends to "bend" to faith]]). And the founder of the Imperium, the Emperor, was the most powerful psyker of all time. Ironically, these abilities caused people to worship him as a god, despite his not wanting people [[NayTheist to believe in ''any'' gods]], and punishing one of his sons for spreading a religion about him.
** Within the Imperium, the [[ChurchMilitant Ecclesiarchy]] fits the trope much more solidly, as they are often concerned with the physical and spiritual purity of Humanity and thus hate psykers on principle. They're the ones most responsible for keeping people afraid of psykers. Also note that they are the same folks mentioned above who tend to praise Saints and miracles brought about by the Sisters of Battle. Within the [[ScienceFantasy context of the setting]], the Saints [[MaybeMagicMaybeMundane may actually have]] divine powers, or may just have "regular" psychic powers.
** The [[SpaceElves Dark Eldar]] also take this trope into account. They are descended from a naturally psychic species, but psychic powers are one of their few taboos. As it stands, their only psychic talents are using psychic artifacts and "drinking" the [[EmotionEater suffering of others]]. Any psykers found is immediately considered a plaything, and also a potential hazard. Since psykers ''do'' tend to draw Chaos towards themselves, and the Dark Eldar have a vested interest in keeping it at bay at all costs this is somewhat [[ProperlyParanoid justifiable]].
** The Tau have practically no psychic presence. While they don't necessarily hunt down or encourage psykers, they don't have much actual understanding of them beyond what they find in other species (their FTL doesn't use the Warp, unlike the other factions, and thus they believe daemons to be another hostile species of alien). They are the faction that puts the most trust in science and technological advance as opposed to the dogma found in most other species, and consider the Warp to be something that can be [[SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic studied and mastered]]. (What they're only starting to realize is that [[HyperspaceIsAScaryPlace the Warp]] is antithetical to that attitude.) Also, the Tau are culturally inclined to be sympathetic, so the Tau are much nicer to psykers. A species of psykers called the Nicassar are allied with the Tau, and the Tau try to keep them a secret from the Imperium, knowing what they do to psykers. Finally, what they do exactly with psykers that arise in their human populations within their protectorate domains, is a question yet unanswered.
** Necrons are this, being diametrically opposed to the Chaos Gods and the Warp. Pre-{{Retcon}}, their solution to this was to exterminate all life, destroying the emotions that empower the Warp. Even after the overhaul when they are a tiny bit nicer, the Necrons are explicitedly not using warp powers, instead they use [[SpaceRomans Space Egyptian]] SkeleBot9000 SuperScience, which is just as strong while far less dangerous with the side effects, [[MagicFromTechnology though it's often hard to tell that it's not magic.]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* The Inquisitors of the Citadel in ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds'' are out to eradicate all magic. Only it turns out that they're actually sucking the magic out of people to create powerful Mana Vacuums because the Grand Inquisitor wants all that magic for himself, so that he can summon a magic-devouring demon by the name of Belrot to hunt down and drain all magic from the land. So they're basically a mixed example.
* In ''[[VideoGame/AgeOfWonders Age of Wonders II: Shadow Magic]]'', the [[MeaningfulName aptly named Phobian]] [[TheEmpire Empire]] is on a crusade against magic... or so they say, since their commanders actively use magic, which makes it a hypocritical example.
* The Overseers of the Abbey of the Everyman from ''VideoGame/{{Dishonored}}'' are a ChurchMilitant not devoted to a deity, but rather formed to (as they see it) protect humanity against the [[EnigmaticEmpoweringEntity Outsider]], the only source of actual magic in the world and in their eyes a vile and demonic entity, but in truth a mostly neutral being who empowers mortals out of curiosity. They have developed MaybeMagicMaybeMundane music boxes that disrupt an individual's ability to use magic, and are known to treat even suspected witches with absolute ruthlessness.
* ''Franchise/DragonAge'':
** [[ScaryDogmaticAliens The Qunari]]. They use technology instead of magic and kill or silence any mages they come across (by removing their tongues). The Qun, their religion, has no place for mages, and the Qunari's ultimate goal is conversion of all races to the Qun and therefore removal of all mages. This places them in contrast to the human religious institution, the Chantry, which teaches that magic was made to serve man. The Chantry permit mages and even use them against the Qunari (in fact, it is the reason why the Qunari haven't overrun most of the world yet), although they don't really trust them and practically monopolize the training of mages; non-Chantry trained mages are called apostates and are hunted down by [[MageKiller the Templars]].
** Not that the Qunari are above using the mages as living weapons, either, with each ''saarebas'' (''dangerous thing'') being handled by another Qunari as their keeper. Any saarebas that goes unsupervised is automatically assumed to be possessed by a demon, so the Qunari come across as fearing mages even more than the humans though, it's more like their philosophy doesn't allow them to act any other way.
** Indeed, their dislike of ''saarebas'' seems to be rooted in the Qunari philosophy basing itself around achieving total control of one's self. Mages on the other hand, have access to incredible power, yet require ''no'' discipline to use it. Such abilities are open to abuse and given that Demons seek to possess Mages to do just that, the Qunari do not believe ''anyone'' can safety wield it.
** There's also the original Inquisition, an ancient group of mage-hunters that was absorbed by the Chantry and turned into the Templars. The new Inquisition in [[Videogame/DragonAgeInquisition the third game]] can be guided into either supporting or opposing mages depending on your decisions.
* Quite a bit more prominent in ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds''' sister game, ''VideoGame/{{Dragonfable}}''. The BigBad of chapter 3, Jaania, was DrivenToMadness by being [[AndIMustScream magically sealed in ice]] for several centuries as the end result of a LoveTriangle that went out of control. The abuse of magic by the Big Bads for the first two chapters almost succeeded in destroying the entire world. Between that, the elementals' never ending wars and frequent dragon attacks, Jaania becomes convinced that magic is an inherently evil force. One of her first acts is to [[SealedGoodInACan seal away the Hero in an icy prison much like her own]]. After a TimeSkip, the Hero finally breaks free, only to enter a world where most people have come to despise magic, and magic using beings like him/herself are being hunted down by Jaania's organization, The Rose.
* In ''VideoGame/DreamfallTheLongestJourney'', [[TheEmpire the Azadi Empire]] is of that variety with an added flavor of [[TheFundamentalist religious]] [[FantasticRacism fervor, what with repressing and committing genocide against 'magicals']]. They put up a lot of various SteamPunk-esque machinery everywhere instead, the purpose of which is still not known but seems to be linked to the overarching plot. Despite their vehement persecution of magic, their Prophet seems to employ it and command magical creatures, and there are indications that they employ [[NotUsingTheZWord magic-by-any-other-name]] thaumaturgy, and that some of the things they use are [[{{Magitek}} relying on magic as well as technology]], but due to the nature of [[LeftHanging the]] [[SequelHook ending]] [[NoEnding (or lack thereof)]] it will not be clear until the sequel comes out.
* In ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' series' backstory, the Alessian Order was a [[FantasticRacism rabidly anti-Elven]] [[TheChurch religious sect]] which established a [[TheTheocracy Theocracy]] that wielded nearly as much power as the Emperor at its height. The Order was hostile to "unsanctioned" magic users, and actively hunted them down in the BurnTheWitch fashion. However, the Order itself has no qualms about using magic, up to and including the type of [[RealityWarper reality warping]] divine magic they used in an attempt to purge the Elven aspects from the [[OurGodsAreDifferent Eight Divines]] themselves. Doing so caused what is known as the "Middle Dawn", the first and longest [[TimeCrash Dragon Break]] on record, with a heaping dose of RealityBreakingParadox and RealityIsOutToLunch. The Order would eventually be overthrown and destroyed during the War of Righteousness, but their influences on Imperial religion and law can still be felt in the Empires that have followed.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Exile}}''/''VideoGame/{{Avernum}} III: Ruined World'':
** Part of the game takes place on an island that's become the epicenter of a religion whose followers reject the use of magic. They aren't particularly sinister, but trying to complete the game as one of them definitely qualifies as a SelfImposedChallenge.
** The Anama only reject arcane magic and find the use of [[ReligionIsMagic priestly magic]] perfectly acceptable. Since divine magic can fill some of the functions of arcane magic and has exclusive access to healing, the trade-off is really whether cheap and early access to the best priest spells is worth giving up magery.
* ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'':
** While the five other factions in ''Heroes of Might and Magic IV'' are heavily inspired by MagicTheGathering and use corresponding styles of magic, the [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy Might faction]] are TrueNeutral, in the center of the magic wheel. Instead of magic, they prefer brute force combined with the [[AntiMagic magic resistance]] skill.
** Orks in ''Heroes Of Might And Magic V'' are similar, using [[AntiMagic magic dampening]] and [[ScreamingWarrior war cries]].
** The Krewlod branch of the Barbarian/Stronghold faction had a bias against magical things, though it wasn't very strong (their king arranges for a powerful artifact to be destroyed as a test of someone having left magic behind forever, but they also have respected Battle Mages), or reflected in the game mechanics.
* In ''VideoGame/OverlordII'' the Glorious Empire hunts down magical creatures and magic in general. The creatures that are not killed outright are drained of their magical energies and then put into [[GladiatorGames the Arena]]. All the energy is accumulated in a vat in the palace for Emperor Solarius' [[AGodAmI ascension to godhood]]. A textbook hypocritical example.
* Team [[AnimalWrongsGroup Plasma]] serves this role in ''VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite'', with a dosage of FantasyGunControl. The goal of their [[WellIntentionedExtremist leader]] is to stop the use of Pokemon and have them all released. [[spoiler: The organization itself does not agree, and is being manipulated by [[TheManBehindTheMan Ghet]][[ManipulativeBastard sis]] to leave him the only one left with Pokemon, rendering the rest of the population completely powerless]].
* In ''VideoGame/QuestForGlory'', the scientists are {{Flat Earth Atheist}}s to a man, and while Dr. Cranium is a nice if dismissive fruit cake, the scientists in QFG 5 try to assassinate your mage allies on this principle (they attempt to do you in too, but for different reasons).
* The [[AncientConspiracy Star Cabal]] in ''Videogame/StarWarsTheOldRepublic'' wants a galaxy purged of all Force wielders. Seeing as how the constant warfare between the Empire and Republic can usually be interpreted as a proxy for a cyclical, genocidal religious war between two equally matched groups of powerful fanatics with the {{Muggles}} getting slaughtered by the trillions, the Cabal might have a point and the Imperial Agent is able to agree with them to a certain extent.
* The Ziguranth from ''VideoGame/TalesOfMajEyal'' are opposed to arcane magic. Specifically, this means magic that relies on {{mana}}, [[BloodMagic Vim]], [[TimeMaster Paradox]], [[ThePowerOfTheSun Positive]] or [[{{Lunacy}} Negative]] energy. They themselves use AntiMagic drawn from nature, and freely recruit [[PsychicPowers psionics]] and [[ThePowerOfHate the Afflicted]]. They're [[KnightTemplar extremely ruthless and merciless]] about hunting down and murdering mages, mage sympathizers, and anyone who might even look like a mage, but with magic still uncommon in the Age of Ascendancy, they're one of the only functional checks against [[EvilSorcerer Evil Sorcerers]] in all of Maj'Eyal.
* Used interestingly in ''VideoGame/TotalAnnihilationKingdoms''. The world was broken in the past by a civilisation of {{Precursors}}, the Kandrans, whose use of magic resulted in their own annihilation. For thousands of years magic was banned until a mage emperor, Garacaius, arose to unite the world. He vanished after the death of his wife, leaving his empire to his four children--two of them keep the magic ban and only use it sparingly for military purposes, while the other two use it freely. In the expansion pack, a fifth {{Steampunk}} faction, Creon, invades with a more fundamentalist anti-magic policy; it turns out that they were [[spoiler:founded by Garacaius after he fled into exile]].
* ''VideoGame/TheWitcher3WildHunt'' has King Radovid of Redania, who is violently opposed to magic - and the Lodge of Sorceresses in particular - and he brutally tortures and executes any and all magic users he can lay his hands on. This all stems from his boyhood, when his father King Vizimir II was assassinated by his sorceress advisor [[spoiler: Philippa Eilhart]], who then proceeded to assume the regency of Redania and domineer and humiliate young Radovid until he reached maturity. He's been taking revenge on mages ever since.
* ''VideoGame/ZorkGrandInquisitor'': [[spoiler:The Inquisitor himself turns out to be a classic hypocrite when he eagerly tries to claim the Coconut of Quendor's magic for himself near the end.]]

* Thoria from ''Webcomic/TheDragonDoctors'' was founded by a faction of human purists following a war in which magic was used to transform people into "beast-men". Mori has no last name because her parents gave her the magic equivalent of gene therapy to save her life and the Thorian government "erased" them and banished her. However, when Mori discovered the FountainOfYouth and reverse engineered it 70 years ago Thoria began to repeal many of their racist and anti-magic laws so they could have rejuvenation.
* Othar of Webcomic/GirlGenius is this,all by himself (if by "mages" you mean "reality-warping mad-scientist Sparks"). His goal is to kill them all. And yes, he's aware of the irony that he himself is a Spark! [[spoiler: He plans to kill himself after killing off all of the other Sparks.]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]
* The Crimson Order from ''Roleplay/TheGunganCouncil'' vowed to kill all Force-users, Jedi and Sith included.
* The squirrel species in ''Literature/{{Tasakeru}}'' forbids the use of magic, seeing it as an affront to their revered Goddess of Life.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* In the TV series ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDragonJakeLong'', the Huntsclan seek to find and destroy all magical creatures, believing them to be unnatural.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'' the Equalists are a rising anti-bending and MugglePower movement within the metropolis of Republic City, where both benders and non-benders are supposed to live together in harmony. They believe the benders of Republic City use their ElementalPowers to oppress [[{{Muggle}} non-benders]], a belief strengthened by the presence of the [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs Triple Threat Triads]], a bender organized crime gang. The Equalist soapboxers advertise a revolution against the bending class, and foster [[FantasticRacism hatred for benders]] in general. Led by their masked general Amon, the Equalists employ new technologies against benders, and their fighting style makes use of the same PressurePoint [[PowerNullifier chi]]-[[TheParalyzer blocking]] techniques notably used by BadassNormal Ty Lee from ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''. But as of the first-season finale, [[spoiler:it seems that Amon is actually de-bending people with ''bloodbending'' (a form of waterbending), of all things!]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLifeAndTimesOfJuniperLee'' has Humans for the Abolishment of Magic ([[FunWithAcronyms HAM]]), a [[GovernmentAgencyOfFiction secret government agency]] that employs PoweredArmor and {{Power Crystal}}s that allow its agents to [[InvisibleToNormals see through]] TheMasquerade.

[[folder: Real Life ]]
* Abrahamic religions are very big into this, even unto modern ages. The stated reason being that any supernatural powers not granted by {{God}} must have come from demons, and therefore are evil by default. Historically, said religions have always had [[KillEmAll rivalries]] with religions that were [[ReligionIsMagic synonymous with magic]], such as Pharaonic polytheism in Ancient Egypt or Zoroastrianism in Ancient Iran -- the Zoroastrian priests were the origin of the word 'mage'.
** Which isn't to say that it's an exclusively monotheist thing--before Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire, magicians perceived as dangerous (particularly those making poisons and love potions, regardless of if they worked) were already persecuted by the government, and they were even [[FedToTheBeast thrown to the lions]] just like early Christians were. It was only later that more kinds of magic, and eventually ''all'' magic (the last to go was divination) was completely forbidden.
* Pre-modern witch hunts, as well as the Salem witch trials of 1692. Both of these were based on biblical literalism in the interpretation of one passage in Exodus, 22:18: "Thou Shalt Not Suffer a Witch to Live."
* Saudi Arabia has an anti-witchcraft unit that hunts down any person suspected of witchcraft or sorcery of any sort. The punishment is usually [[OffWithHisHead death by beheading]].
* Subverted with UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition, who did not consider witchcraft to be real, instead regarding the belief in it to be heretical. Which meant they also frowned upon witch-hunters of the classical sort, for believing that said suspected witches were actually practicing witchcraft. This was true generally for most of the medieval era-the Church officially declared that magic did not exist, as God didn't permit rival powers of that kind. So people who claimed to have magic were frauds or deluded. This only started to change with the very end of the era and the Renaissance. The witch hunts took off in the early modern period. Prior to this, witch hunters were condemned by the Church, and killing people for "witchcraft" was unsanctioned, being punished as murder. Sadly the ''Literature/MalleusMaleficarum'', among other things, was to alter that attitude.