[[quoteright:250:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Sphinx_3973.jpg]]

->''"Ancient Egypt has meant two things to Hollywood, Cleopatra and walking mummies."''
-->-- '''Creator/GeorgeMacDonaldFraser''', ''The Hollywood History of the World''

Ah, Egypt! Vast country of sand and history, cut through by the nourishing course of the Nile. Land of the original [[GodEmperor God-Emperors]], the Pharaohs, who raised pyramids and sphinxes to say "Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!"

Venturing through this country, O Bold Troper, you will likely find merchants from faraway lands, wily theives, ill-tempered camels, and [[AmbiguouslyBrown olive-skinned]] seductresses with braided wigs and ''kohl''-painted eyes. Also home to fanatical bald priests in lapis collars and leopard-skin robes, who usually wind up being turned into mummies after calling down the wrath of the gods upon their heads (usually for getting involved with the aforementioned beautiful olive-skinned ''kohl''-painted seductresses in some way). Wretched slaves labour to build pyramids in the scorching sun beneath the whips of merciless overseers... despite the fact that the great monuments were actually built by paid labourers with their own guilds.

Often considered a culture so exotically different (especially in the field of architecture) to Western and Eastern civilizations alike that [[Franchise/StargateVerse some]] theorize [[AncientAstronauts outside inspiration]].

See also BuildLikeAnEgyptian and PyramidPower. For ''actual'' Ancient Egypt, see UsefulNotes/AncientEgyptianHistory.

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!!Popular tropes from this time period are:

* AncientAstronauts: Often attributed to this time period, even though history and science have both marched well beyond believing in them. What you see in ''Series/StargateSG1'' is just similar, though.
* BrotherSisterIncest: With a religious reason (or possibly excuse). The Pharaoh's family was supposed to be descended from Ra, the chief deity of Egypt (most of the time). Thus keeping it in the family meant less human blood to dilute the divine heritage.
* CoolCrown: Some of the coolest ever.
* Myth/EgyptianMythology
* {{Guyliner}}: Eyeliner was considered androgynous and both men and women wore it to make their eyes look bigger. And because it was made out of a substance that repelled flies. And because the stuff reduced the glare from the sun. A group of pyramid workers even organized a strike to get more make-up as eye protection.
* HistoricalInJoke: Comedies set in AncientEgypt often have a scene in which one of the protagonists knocks the [[Art/TheSphinx Great Sphinx]]'s nose off, leaving it in the form we know today. (Alternately, the story has it that one of [[NapoleonBonaparte Napoleon]]'s cannons blew it off.) However, the nose is documented to have been firmly attached at the time of the Arab invasion of Egypt in the seventh century AD (and detached by the time any Revolutionary Frenchmen got there). The most likely story is that a Muslim fanatic knocked it off about six hundred years after the Arab conquest -- and then was hanged by the Sultan for vandalism. (While being hanged for vandalism might normally seem like DisproportionateRetribution, most archaeologists and historians feel it to be entirely justified.)
* HistoryMarchesOn: Although slavery existed in Ancient Egypt, it is generally accepted by modern historians that its crowning achievement, the Great Pyramid of Giza, was ''not'' built by slave labour, but by the equivalent of paid contractors who were mostly skilled workers (the equivalent, because the pay took the form of food and other supplies, money not having been invented yet).
** It also wasn't built by AncientAstronauts -- the plans have been found.[[note]][[Advertising/{{GEICO}} No, they weren't supposed to be cube-shaped.]][[/note]]
* The {{Mummy}}
* The NephariousPharaoh
* ThePunishment (The Curse of the Mummy)
* WalkLikeAnEgyptian

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!!Series that are set in this time period include:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga]]

* ''Anime/YuGiOh'' Ancient Egypt is the origin of a few of the major characters, the [[MacGuffin Millennium artifacts]], and the children's [[TabletopGame/YuGiOh trading card game]].
* The classic {{shoujo}} manga ''Manga/OukeNoMonshou'' has a girl named Carol Reed thrown back in time, reaching AncientEgypt.
* The title character from ''Manga/KimbaTheWhiteLion'' has an ancestry that traces back to AncientEgypt.
* While she has not appeared in the series ''Manga/AxisPowersHetalia'', WordOfGod is that the personification of Ancient Egypt was the mother of the present-day personification of Egypt.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}} and Cleopatra''.
* A number of DCComics' legacies have their origin here: BlueBeetle, ComicBook/{{Hawkman}}, DoctorFate, BlackAdam...
* The Belgian comic ''ComicBook/{{Papyrus}}'', which also spawned an AnimatedAdaptation.
* The [[ComicBook/DieAbrafaxe Abrafaxe]] have an adventure during the Amarna period, where they meet Queen Nefertiti (''ComicBook/{{Mosaik}}'' No. 234-254).
* The eight-part series ''Sur les Terres d'Horus'' ("In the lands of Horus") by Isabelle Dethan, as well as its spin-off ''Khéti, fils du Nil'' ("Kheti, son of the Nile") are set during the reign of Ramses II. The main series deals with the investigation of various crimes that lead to a major conspiracy.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* Most {{mummy}} movies, including ''Film/TheMummy1932'', ''Film/TheMummysHand'', and ''Film/TheMummyTrilogy'', have scenes which take place in Ancient Egypt, considering it's obviously the location for the backstory.
* The Creator/ElizabethTaylor movie ''Film/{{Cleopatra}}''.
* The opening of the movie ''{{Mannequin}}''.
* ''Literature/TheEgyptian''.
* ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk''.
* ''Film/TheTenCommandments'' -- which used so many costumes, sets and props from TheEgyptian that it created a sense of continuity unintended by the producers.
* The ''Film/{{Stargate}}'' movie got most of its mojo from here, and ''Series/StargateSG1'' expanded on it.
* ''Film/TransformersRevengeOfTheFallen'' involves robots hidden in the Great Pyramids.
** Not to mention a giant machine for [[spoiler:blowing up the Sun]].
* ''Film/ExodusGodsAndKings''

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* In the third book of ''TheBartimaeusTrilogy'' there are parts set in Ptolemaic Egypt. They're backstory bits of Bartimaeus with his long dead, and much cared for, master...Ptolemy.
* ''The River God'' and its sequels by Creator/WilburSmith supposedly based in Egypt 1780 BCE, and follows a slave eunuch with magical powers.
* ''Literature/TheKaneChronicles'' takes place in the present day but has the Egyptian gods.
* The ''[[Literature/VampireChronicles Queen of the Damned]]'' novel by Creator/AnneRice reveals Kemet (Ancient Egypt) to be birthplace (undeathplace?) of the original vampire, Akasha, the titular queen, although Akasha herself is not originally Egyptian. A good chunk of Maharet's story takes place in Kemet or around it.
** She also wrote ''The Mummy, or Ramses the Damned'', in which Ramses the Great and Cleopatra have both been made immortal.
* Features prominently in Literature/TheBible. In ''[[Literature/BookOfGenesis The Book Of Genesis]]'', Joseph ends up there after his brothers sell him to some Egyptian traders. He works his way up from slavery to prime minister. In ''[[Literature/BookOfExodus The Book Of Exodus]]'', another pharaoh has conquered and enslaved the Israelites, and Moses has to get him to let them go free. Elsewhere, Egypt is referred to, though often as a nation of godless heathens right along with the Canaanites, Assyrians, and other non-Yaweh-worshipping peoples, because of ValuesDissonance.
* In ''TheRedTent'', [[TheProtagonist Dinah]] starts a new life in Egypt with her [[BitchInSheepsClothing mother-in-law]] after her husband is killed by her brothers.
* ''Discworld/{{Pyramids}}'' sends up Ancient Egypt to way past eleven. Terry Pratchett creates a country where building pyramids is all and everything and which is up to 3,000 years behind the rest of the Discworld. It takes a gifted Assassin to bring it all crumbling down.
* ''Imprisoned With the Pharaohs'', by Creator/HPLovecraft, is basically Indiana Jones (as played by Creator/HarryHoudini!) on a bad acid trip.
* ''Death Comes as the End'' by Creator/AgathaChristie.
* Creator/{{Herodotus}} spends a lot of time talking about Egypt in ''Literature/TheHistories''.
* ''TheRoyalDiaries'' series has a book about UsefulNotes/CleopatraVII that takes place mostly in Egypt.
* ''Literature/{{Pharaoh}}'' by Bolesław Prus
* ''Literature/{{Uarda}}'' a somewhat dated romance set in the reign of Rameses II.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/TheCleopatras''
* Some parts of the ''Series/{{Rome}}'' TV series.

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[[folder: Music ]]

* Music/MichaelJackson's music video for "Remember the Time" is set in Ancient Egypt at the court of the Pharaoh.
* ''{{Nile}}'', obviously.
* "Tutankhamen", "The Pharaoh Sails to Orion", and "Sahara" by {{Music/Nightwish}}
* "King Tut" by Creator/SteveMartin, produced during the "Tut-mania" of the 1970s when Tutankamen's treasures went on tour.
* The artwork of Music/IronMaiden's album ''Powerslave'' is an obvious homage to this period of time, complete with Pharaoh Eddie. And so is the title track.
* {{Music/Dio}}'s "Egypt (The Chains Are On)", also covered by Doro Pesch.
* Music/PinkFloyd's ''The Nile Song'' from ''Music/{{Meddle}}''.
* Music/JonathanRichman and the Modern Lovers, ''Egyptian Reggae'' and ''Abdul and Cleopatra''.
* Music/TheBangles, ''Walk like An Egyptian''.
* Both Richman and the Bangles, for those with long memories, were drawing on music hall act of the 1930's, ''Wilson, Keppel and Betty''.
* And there is Music/GiuseppeVerdi's 19th century opera set in ancient Egypt, ''Theatre/{{Aida}}''.
* "Spirits Of Ancient Egypt", by {{Music/Wings}}.
* Music/SunRa built this trope into an entire concept. He claimed to have been born on Saturn and been abducted by aliens to come to Earth and spread a message of universal brotherhood so that mankind could be transported to another and better place in space. He mixed UsefulNotes/AncientEgypt mythology and imagery with space concepts in his work and laid the foundations for the ''Afro-futurism'' movement in music.
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[[folder: TabletopGames]]
* The Tomb Kings of ''{{Warhammer}}'' are this UpToEleven. The liche-priests told the pharaohs that they knew how to prepare bodies for life after death, ensuring them a heavenly afterlife. Unfortunately, it turns out they were only capable of raising them as mummies. Now the Tomb Kings war with ''each other'', as every one of them still thinks himself the rightful king of Khemry with a bunch of related usurpers to eliminate.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Theatre ]]

* ''Aida'' (Verdi's opera) and ''Aida'' (the [[{{Disneyfication}} Disneyfied]] Broadway musical).
* Creator/WilliamShakespeare[='s=] ''Theatre/AntonyAndCleopatra''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The incredibly [[{{Squick}} disturbing]] game ''WaxWorks'' features a level set in a mazelike pyramid, chock full of booby traps, hostile guards, and [[ReptilesAreAbhorrent snakes and a crocodile.]]
* ''VideoGame/Sonic3AndKnuckles'' has the Sandopolis Zone, which is AncientEgypt [[RecycledInSpace ON A FLOATING ISLAND!]]
* {{Pharaoh}} is, astoundingly enough, set in most of AncientEgypt, spanning several dynasties of pharaohs.
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresI'' has Egyptians as a playable faction and uses the Egyptian campaign as an extended tutorial. They have powerful chariots, but limited late-game units.
* ''VideoGame/AgeOfMythology'' has Egyptians as a playable faction, using cheap but weak soldiers, a variety of units based on Egyptian myths, and a Pharoah who can speed up worker unit tasks.
* On of the common playable factions in the ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}}'' series are the Egyptians, who generally speaking hew to the ancient parts of history. For instance, in ''Civilization 5'', their unique unit is a superior version of the war chariot, their unique building is a burial tomb (provides faith and happiness, but is worth a lot of gold if an enemy captures it), and their unique power is to build Wonders faster.
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[[folder:Web Original]]
* The Roleplay/GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse featured the heroic weather-controlling crimefighter Pharaoh, who was, in fact, Pharaoh Imhotep II brought forward to the modern era by a supervillain's plot.
* [[RunningGag Repeatedly]] lampshaded in ''WebVideo/AtopTheFourthWall''. Linkara points out all the traps and tricks and concludes that it's a death trap. Now when it appears, a picture of the pyramids appears with the Imperial March from Star Wars accompanying it.
* The eighth ''Literature/ChronoHustle'' story is set in Ancient Egypt. Jack meets Imhotep.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePrinceOfEgypt'', an animated movie about the story of Exodus.
* ''JosephKingOfDreams'', a prequel to the Prince of Egypt that tells the story of Joseph from the Literature/BookOfGenesis.
* ''Papyrus'', a French/Canadian animated series adapted from the aforementioned Belgian comic book of the same name.
* It's supposedly set in ArabianNightsDays, but ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' has the aforementioned "character makes the Sphinx's nose fall off" gag. Art/TheSphinx would have already been covered over with sand by the medieval period, not still being worked on.
** Especially considering that they'd have been strict Muslims, and prohibited from building such a statue anyway.
* Certain episodes and sketches on ''WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}}'', of course.
[[/folder]]

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