Primary Stylistic Influences :
+ AlternativeRock, PostPunk, HeavyMetal
Secondary Stylistic Influences :
+ {{Grunge}}, HardRock, ThrashMetal, various subgenres of AlternativeRock and HeavyMetal

'''Alternative metal''' is... what the hell is it, anyway?

OK, let's try this... you know AlternativeRock? Stuff like Music/{{REM}}, Music/{{Radiohead}} and Music/TheyMightBeGiants? Well, imagine alternative rock. Imagine all its weirdness, all its... "[[ShapedLikeItself alternativeness]]". Now, imagine that with the sonic amplitude of [[HeavyMetal metal]], and you've basically got alt-metal.

Alt-metal started off in the mid-to-late-eighties as a response to HairMetal, which was the commercial darling of MTV and had in many people's eyes reduced (non-underground) metal to a watered-down pop movement; consequently, alt-metal bands sought to bring back metal's original fire. There was no specific "scene" for alt-metal bands, and not even a specific sound, but they were all united by experimental flourishes and influences from other genres.

The genre became popular in the late eighties/early nineties (around the same time that alt-rock got its big break) thanks to a few bands that are considered the founding members of the genre; these bands included Music/FaithNoMore and Music/{{Primus}}. A couple of years later, Music/{{Tool}} took alt-metal [[DarkerAndEdgier and made it considerably darker]].

The genre is wide enough that bands will often have totally different sounds to each-other (compare Primus and Korn - do they sound the same?), which causes a fair bit of annoyance with people who like to categorise their bands. At the end of the day, though, alt-metal is a handy catch-all term for bands that are both ''arguably'' metal and hard to classify.

Today it is, alongside {{Metalcore}}, the most commercially profitable form of metal, and certainly the type that gets the most airplay on rock radio.

Depending on the band, alternative metal can either lean more towards alternative (Chevelle, Incubus, Primus, Three Days Grace, most of Seether, etc.), or more towards metal (Sevendust, Alice in Chains, Mudvayne, latter-day Alter Bridge, Godsmack, etc.). Because of this, much like NuMetal, it's better to discuss the "metalness" of alt-metal on a case-by-case basis.

See also NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly, a trope that many alt-metal bands possessed.

Bands typically classed as alt-metal include:

* Music/AliceInChains (Nominally {{Grunge}} / HeavyMetal. Definitely the most metal-influenced grunge band, to the point where numerous metalheads hate them being associated with grunge.)
** Creator/JerryCantrell (Only a few songs on his first album, but the Degradation Trip albums mixed this with DoomMetal, GrooveMetal, and BluesRock)
* ''Music/AlienAntFarm'' (Their first album was definitely in this territory, but their later work shifted towards a more general AlternativeRock sound while still drawing from the genre. Also falls under AlternativeRock, NuMetal, PostGrunge and PopPunk)
* Music/AlterBridge (Overlaps with PostGrunge and ProgressiveMetal, the latter moreso later)
* Music/APerfectCircle
* Music/{{Audioslave}} (Also FunkMetal)
* Music/AvengedSevenfold (Started as [[{{Metalcore}} melodic metalcore]] before shifting into this)
* ''Biohazard'' (Fused with RapMetal, HardcorePunk, and ThrashMetal)
* Music/BreakingBenjamin (Also PostGrunge)
* ''Breed 77'' (Uniquely overlaps with Spanish flamenco music)
* Music/BringMeTheHorizon (''That's the Spirit'' onward. Overlaps with NuMetal, Electronic Rock, PopPunk, and EmoMusic. This saw them ditching their signature {{Metalcore}} sound)
* Music/{{Candiria}}
* Music/{{Chevelle}}
* Music/{{CKY}}
* Music/{{Clutch}} (Mixed with [[DoomMetal Stoner Metal,]] HardRock, FunkMetal, and far too many other genres to list)
* Music/{{Cryoshell}} (With Symphonic Metal and Nu-Metal elements)
* Music/{{Danzig}} (mixed with HardRock and HeavyMetal)
* Music/{{Deftones}}
* Music/DemonHunter (also GrooveMetal and {{Metalcore}})
* ''Dharmata'' (GrooveMetal and {{Metalcore}} inspired guitars with AlternativeMetal / NuMetal styled vocals)
* Music/{{Diaura}} (also {{Metalcore}} and HardRock)
* Music/DirEnGrey (A rather extreme example)
* Music/{{Disturbed}} (although the first album was more on the NuMetal side of things)
* ''Djerv'' (With strong BlackMetal influences)
* Music/DogFashionDisco
* Music/{{ETHS}} (mixed with GrooveMetal and DeathMetal)
* Music/{{Evanescence}} (also GothicMetal, NuMetal, and AlternativeRock)
** ''Music/{{Fallen}}'' (2003)
* Music/FairToMidland (overlaps with FolkMetal and ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/FaithNoMore (one of the few alt metal bands commonly enjoyed by metal purists, along with Primus, Alice in Chains and Soundgarden; also count as FunkMetal)
* Music/FearFactory (mainly IndustrialMetal and GrooveMetal, but you can hear alt-metal elements like the melodies they use)
* Music/{{Filter}}
* Music/FiveFingerDeathPunch (featuring a significant overlap with GrooveMetal)
* Music/{{Flyleaf}}
* Music/{{Fozzy}} (they also have strong traditional HeavyMetal influences)
* Music/FromAshesToNew (overlaps with NuMetal and RapMetal, a rather rare 2010s example those genres)
* Music/FuManchu (also [[DoomMetal Stoner Metal]])
* Music/TheGazette (also AlternativeRock, NuMetal and IndustrialMetal)
* Music/{{Godsmack}} (early work was also NuMetal; later work is also HardRock)
* Music/GuanoApes (overlaps with NuMetal and a [[NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly slew of other genres]]. Fourth album was more HardRock, fifth album however was pop rock)
* Music/{{Helmet}} (bordering on NoiseRock)
* ''Hoobastank'' (early material, later transitioned to the {{post grunge}}[=/=]pop rock sound they became known for)
* Music/{{Incubus}} (mainly their early material)
* Music/IllNino (fused with Latin and NuMetal music)
* Music/InFlames (later material fuses this with MelodicDeathMetal; music from 2011 onwards is largely straight alt-metal, albeit with their signature melodic lead guitars still intact)
* Music/InThisMoment (combined with {{Metalcore}}, GothicMetal, ElectronicMusic, IndustrialMetal, and NuMetal)
* Music/JackOffJill (also associated with IndustrialMetal due to their involvement with and production help from Music/MarilynManson and [[Music/NineInchNails Chris Vrenna]])
* Music/JanesAddiction
* Music/{{Katatonia}} (''Last Fair Deal Gone Down'' onward, fused with DoomMetal and GothicMetal)
* ''King's X'' (Also falls under HardRock and ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/{{Korn}} (Invented NuMetal with their interpretation of alternative metal)
** ''Music/KornAlbum'' (1994)
** ''Music/FollowTheLeader'' (1998)
* Music/{{Kutless}}
* Music/{{Kyuss}} (also [[DoomMetal Stoner Metal]])
* Music/{{L7}} (also {{Grunge}} and RiotGrrrl)
* Music/LacunaCoil (later; also GothicMetal)
* Music/LinkinPark (mainly their first two albums, overlapping with NuMetal and RapMetal, though this shows up occasionally in their later material, with ''The Hunting Party'' being a full-fledged example of the genre)
** 2000 - ''Music/HybridTheory''
** 2003 - ''Music/{{Meteora}}''
** 2007 - ''Music/MinutesToMidnight''
* Music/LivingColour (also FunkMetal)
* Music/{{Lostprophets}}
* Music/MachinaeSupremacy (also PowerMetal)
* Music/MarilynManson (mainly IndustrialMetal)
* Music/{{Mastodon}} (recent material. mainly ProgressiveMetal and [[DoomMetal Sludge Metal]])
* Music/MaximumTheHormone
* Music/{{Melvins}} (also {{Grunge}} and [[DoomMetal Sludge Metal]])
* Music/{{Metallica}} (experimented with this style on their ''Load'' and ''Reload'' albums, mixing it with HardRock, BluesRock, and {{Grunge}} )
* Music/MrBungle
* Music/MonsterMagnet {also [[DoomMetal Stoner Metal]])
* Music/{{Mudvayne}} (also NuMetal in their earlier material, before combining this with ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/{{Mushroomhead}} (also IndustrialMetal)
* Music/NineInchNails (mainly IndustrialMetal)
* Music/{{Nonpoint}}
* Nothing More (mixed with ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/OfMiceAndMen (Later material, overlapping with {{Metalcore}} and NuMetal)
* Onesidezero (mixed with PostGrunge and ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/PapaRoach (''Infest'' and ''Lovehatetragedy'' overlaps this with NuMetal and RapMetal. ''Getting Away with Murder'' onward overlaps this with HardRock, though later material re-introduced those old elements)
* Music/ThePrettyReckless
* Music/{{Primus}} (overlaps with FunkMetal and ProgressiveRock)
* ''Prong'' (Also IndustrialMetal and ThrashMetal early on)
* Music/PuddleOfMudd
* Music/QueensOfTheStoneAge (also HardRock and [[DoomMetal Stoner Rock]] in places)
** 2002 - ''Music/SongsForTheDeaf''
* ''Quicksand'' (Example of AlternativeMetal PostHardcore fusion)
* Music/{{Red}} (mixed with PostGrunge and SymphonicMetal)
* Music/RageAgainstTheMachine (also RapMetal and FunkMetal)
* [[Music/RobZombie White Zombie]] (also IndustrialMetal)
** Rob Zombie's solo work counts as well.
* ''Rollins Band'' (A band that never really had a clear genre. Also falls under HardRock, FunkMetal, {{Jazz}} and PostHardcore)
* ''Saint Asonia'' (Overlaps with NuMetal and PostGrunge; best known as [[Music/ThreeDaysGrace Adam Gontier]]'s current band)
* Music/{{Seether}} (also PostGrunge)
* Music/{{Sepultura}} (later, fused with GrooveMetal)
* Music/{{Sevendust}}
* Music/{{Shinedown}} (overlapping with straight-up HardRock)
* Music/SickPuppies
* Music/{{Skillet}} (overlapping with ChristianMetal and HardRock)
* Music/{{Skindred}} (arguably the only band to fuse reggae with metal)
* Music/{{Slipknot}} (third album onward, mixed with GrooveMetal)
** 2014 - ''Music/PointFiveTheGrayChapter''
* Music/{{Soil}}
* Music/{{Soilwork}} (also MelodicDeathMetal)
* Music/{{Soulfly}} (early material, fused with NuMetal / GrooveMetal; later became ThrashMetal / DeathMetal)
* Music/{{Soundgarden}} (nominally {{Grunge}}, but heavy enough to fit here as well, like Alice in Chains, [[DoomMetal being the Stoner Metal to their Sludge Metal]])
* Sponge (Mostly {{Grunge}} when they started recording, started branching into this trope with ''Wax Ecstatic'')
* Music/{{Staind}} (combined with PostGrunge, also NuMetal on their earlier albums; though they later returned to that style in their latest album)
* Music/{{Starset}} (overlapping with a [[NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly slew of other genres]], namely [[ElectronicMusic Electronic Rock]], SymphonicMetal, and ProgressiveMetal)
* Music/StoneSour (features Corey Taylor and (formerly) Jim Root of Slipknot; fused with PostGrunge)
* Music/StoneTemplePilots (Mainly on their first album ''Core'', but songs in this style show up sporadically later)
* Music/Sum41 (mostly on ''Chuck'', but shows up sometimes on other albums, mixed with PopPunk.)
* Music/SumoCyco
* Music/SystemOfADown (Perhaps the most commercially successful and popular alternative metal band, or even one of the most successful metal bands period.)
** 2001 - ''Music/{{Toxicity}}''
** 2005 - ''Music/MezmerizeHypnotize''
* Tad (another {{Grunge}} band that also fits here. Sounds somewhere between Alice in Chains and Helmet)
* ''Taproot'' (Started as a NuMetal band, later became this)
* {{Music/Tomahawk}} (mainly on their second album.)
* ''Therapy?'' (Yes, the question mark is part of the name)
* Music/ThousandFootKrutch (also NuMetal, and RapMetal on the first album)
* Music/ThreeDaysGrace (Also counts as PostGrunge, though they later downplayed that aspect in favor of HardRock)
* Music/{{Tool}} (Also ProgressiveMetal)
* ''Trapt'' (Started as a mix of NuMetal and PostGrunge, eventually combined the latter with this)
* ''Tremonti'' (Mixed with PostGrunge and ThrashMetal of all things)
* Music/{{Trivium}} (later material features elements of this. They became a full-fledged example with ''Silence in the Snow'')
* Music/TypeONegative (also GothicMetal and DoomMetal)
* Music/UnlockingTheTruth (Overlapping with NuMetal and trad styles; by far the youngest band on this list being that they aren't even out of school)
* Music/{{Voivod}} (sometimes, mostly on ''Angel Rat'' and ''The Outer Limits'', occasionally on their 2000s albums; generally ProgressiveMetal and ThrashMetal)

!!Tropes that apply to the alternative metal genre:

* [[GatewaySeries Gateway Music]]: If you're a metalhead, and you're close to graduating college, you either got into metal through this or NuMetal. More likely the latter, but the trope still applies to alt-metal.
* {{Hatedom}}: It's not as polarizing as its [[NuMetal offshoot]], but it's still often rejected by metal purists. For example, you won't find most of the bands listed above on the Metal Archives.
* HeavyMetal: It's this mixed with AlternativeRock.
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: Usually most bands under alt-metal tend to be in the 7 range, with the more alternative bands at level 6 and the more metally bands getting up to 8. Due to its eclectic nature however, songs can be literally anywhere on the scale, for instance Music/DirEnGrey and Slipknot are both capable of surpassing an 8.
* MorePopularSpinoff: Nu-metal was this to the original alt-metal movement for a period.
* NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly: This genre brings in ''a lot'' of influences, depending on the band in question. Each band has their own unique style because of it. Here are some examples:
** Music/FaithNoMore has combined metal with just about every other genre, from {{Funk}}, ProgressiveRock, AlternativeRock, HipHop, and even genres like polka, easy listening, gospel, and {{Pop}} music. That's still not listing all of them. Somehow, Mike Patton took it to an [[UpToEleven even bigger extreme]] with his other band, Music/MrBungle. That band did every genre you could possibly imagine, while combined with metal. It was awesome.
** Music/{{Helmet}} infused this genre with GrooveMetal, PostHardcore, and NoiseRock. Their style has even been referred to as "Smart Rock".
** Music/RageAgainstTheMachine drew upon metal, HipHop, and {{Funk}} to create a sound that would be the precursor to the rap rock explosion of the late-'90s. Yet many would agree that no band has done it quite like them. The guitar work by Tom Morello has been known to sound like a completely different instrument due to his innovative playing style.
** Music/{{Tool}} mixed this with art rock and a slew of other genres such as PostHardcore, {{Ambient}}, PostRock, ProgressiveMetal, math rock, and more to create a DarkerAndEdgier version of this genre, gathering massive acclaim in the process.
** Music/AliceInChains featured a weird mixture of this genre, DoomMetal, and {{Grunge}} to become the heaviest band of the latter, capable of rivaling Tool above as the darkest band in alt. metal.
** Music/{{Primus}} is sometimes considered to have invented their own genre. "Thrash-funk meets Creator/DonKnotts" is what they've been called. They must be heard to be believed.
** Music/{{Korn}} is the most bizarre of all, in that they quite literally ''did'' invent their own genre. Their debut album featured elements of GrooveMetal, FunkMetal, {{Grunge}}, HardcorePunk, HipHop, and ProgressiveMetal combined with downtuned guitars, slap-style bass, {{angst}}y lyrics, and the complete absence of solos. This became the template for the "NuMetal" genre, which [[FollowTheLeader numerous other bands copied]].
* NuMetal: Numerous bands fall under both genres (at least at some point in their careers), such as Korn, Deftones, Slipknot, Mudvayne, Disturbed, Sevendust, Linkin Park, Godsmack, and Evanescence. Not surprising, since nu metal spawned from this genre.
* PostGrunge: Many bands were influenced by this genre in the '00s, such as Breaking Benjamin, Chevelle, Seether, Trapt, Godsmack, Stone Sour, Three Days Grace, 10 Years, and Red. It was to the point where it seemed like at least half of all alt. metal bands played post-grunge.
* TropeMakers: Generally considered to be Music/FaithNoMore.
* UrExample: Possibly Mother's Finest.

!!Alternative metal songs:

* Alice In Chains - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJzrVtioigo Angry Chair]]
* Alter Bridge - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9S9D5RRwQ8g Isolation]]
* Breaking Benjamin - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5yHuuBZgif0 Blow Me Away]]
* Bring Me The Horizon - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GBRAnuT48qo Happy Song]]
* Jerry Cantrell - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FGuJ3tvKgo8 Anger Rising]]
* Clutch - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1tIzP3Te05E A Shogun Named Marcus]]
* Deftones - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLa0-sQg1YM Minerva]]
* Disturbed - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3moLkjvhEu0 Stricken]]
* Evanescence - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CdhqVtpR2ts Going Under]]
* Faith No More - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FoQIuDEHVng Midlife Crisis]]
* Helmet - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jBfygUiS50g Unsung]]
* Korn - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pr3x7tS__dE Here to Stay]]
* Kyuss - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-MSfd2S7lo Green Machine]]
* Lacuna Coil - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=USXHxgWoS9g End of Time]]
* Linkin Park - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYU-8IFcDPw Faint]]
* Living Colour - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xxgRUyzgs0 Cult of Personality]]
* Mudvayne - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6G4yKbkZJMg Happy?]]
* Nonpoint - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOO4VZeH4-g Bullet with a Name]]
* Nothing More - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6CCcTClgYE Go To War]]
* Of Mice & Men - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IW6TxK5HNNg Would You Still Be There]]
* Primus - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYDfwUJzYQg Wynona's Big Brown Beaver]]
* Rage Against the Machine - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3L4YrGaR8E4 Bulls On Parade]]
* Seether - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FZLILV18ut8 Remedy]]
* Skindred - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsQhuxPsSjE Nobody]]
* Slipknot - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qw2LU1yS7aw Before I Forget]]
* Soundgarden - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pBZs_Py-1_0 Rusty Cage]]