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[[quoteright:203:[[Literature/{{Jaws}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Jaws_first_edition_7083.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:203:It was a book?!]]

->''"[[Literature/LesMiserables One of the greatest novels in Western literature]], and all everybody's asking is, [[Theatre/LesMiserables Do you sing in it?]]"''
-->-- '''Creator/LiamNeeson''' on being cast in a non-musical adaptation of ''Film/{{Les Miserables|1998}}''

You and a pal are talking about movies, and you happen to praise a film that has been your favorite for as long as you can remember. Your pal remarks that although he liked the movie too, the book was much better.

Hang on. ''There was a book!?''

Adaptation displacement is the phenomenon by which a {{derivative work|s}} becomes successful enough to overshadow the original work completely.

It can happen with any type of media, but it tends to happen most often when a little known book is adapted into a successful movie or television show. Even popular works can disappear, if the adaptation is successful enough.

This also happens frequently in foreign countries when TheFilmOfTheBook from American literature is made. While mainstream films made in the [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates USA]] are very popular overseas, best sellers tend to be local, for example in UsefulNotes/LatinAmerica, North American movies have bigger audiences than local films but the book market is dominated by Lat Am and European works.

If writers of ongoing media surrender to adaptation displacement, it can result in RetCanon and LostInImitation.

Compare with OlderThanTheyThink, PopCulturalOsmosis, and MorePopularSpinoff. Contrast with InkStainAdaptation and FirstInstallmentWins. The musical equivalents are CoveredUp and BreakoutPopHit.

When a work is displaced by a ''parody'', this is known as The WeirdAlEffect.

When a sequel is much more well-known than the original, and is mistakenly thought to be the first installment, this is known as SequelDisplacement. A subset of this happens when a series only has part of itself adapted but not the rest, so a lot of people are confused that the story didn't end where the film did.

''This is somewhat subjective: It depends on your personal and cultural fields of reference, and most importantly on your age. Just because there must be someone out there who is more familiar with the adaptation than the original, it's not automatically an example of this.''

!!Examples by Adaptation:

* [[AdaptationDisplacement/LiveActionFilm Displaced by Live-Action Film]]


[[folder:Displaced by {{Anime}} or {{Manga}}]]
* The {{anime}} boom in America took place well before the {{manga}} boom. As a result, more people were familiar with anime adaptations than the manga they were based on. For a while, the only place to talk about a manga series was the forum of the people translating the manga.
** Somewhat inverted in Latin America -- where the anime boom not only started before it did in the USA, but also happened as a consequence of the already growing anime fandom -- as many latino fans assumes that every anime is based on a manga when in fact anime based on novels, light novels, video games or being completely original ideas is just as common. As a result is not rare to find people who have read a manga thinking they were reading the original story in which the animated series is based upon when in fact it is the other way round.
* ''Manga/{{Akira}}'', being close to the first anime that shocked viewers out of the AnimationAgeGhetto, became a popular movie and is certainly more well-known than its expansive manga.
* Generally, any anime that is based on a {{visual novel}} has the tendency to be this, Stateside or outside of UsefulNotes/{{Japan}}. Good examples would be ''VisualNovel/ToHeart'', ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'', ''VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}}'', the three [[FanNickname Key Ani]] adaptations (''VisualNovel/{{Air}}'', ''VisualNovel/{{Kanon}}'', and ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}''), ''VisualNovel/KimigaNozomuEien'' and the three 5pb adaptations (''VisualNovel/ChaosHead'', ''VisualNovel/SteinsGate'', and ''VisualNovel/RoboticsNotes''); few know these came from visual novels.
** Furthermore, the visual novel medium (a kind of non-linear, interactive, digital graphic novel, like a cross between a VideoGame and a {{novel}},) is itself largely unknown in the Western world, though it's garnered cult status thanks to games like ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo'' and ''VisualNovel/MyGirlfriendIsThePresident'' and the success of anime based on [=VNs=].
* A lot of anime that was based on written novels or stories, especially Japanese {{light novel}}s, is often mistakenly thought of by the Western world as being original stories or based on manga. Some notable examples:
** ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes'' by Creator/YoshikiTanaka. 10 volumes of main story, 4 volumes of side story, none published in English.
** ''Anime/KikisDeliveryService''. The author was ''livid'' when she saw the alterations made for the film.
** The ''Record of Lodoss War'' novels are based on the pen-and-paper TabletopRPG by the same name -- which was inspired by ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons''.
** ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya'' - Particularly since the first manga adaptation was mediocre, and the light novels weren't available in the US until after the anime was popular.
** ''Anime/PerfectBlue'' is a comparatively mild example; it's fairly frequently mentioned that it's based on a novel, including on the DVD case for the anime... But you'll be hard-pressed to find a Westerner who has heard of the novel outside that, or knows anything about it.
* ''Literature/TheGirlWhoRunsThroughTime'' was a very popular 1966 novel by Creator/YasutakaTsutsui, adapted into two live action films (1983 and 1997,) a 5 episode TV series (1994,) a 2002 TV film and a 2004 manga title (A Girl Who Cut Through Time,) none of which received wide distribution in the west.) They've been displaced by an anime adaptation (which is [[StealthSequel actually more of a loose sequel]]) named ''Anime/TheGirlWhoLeaptThroughTime''.
* Possibly as an attempt to avoid this, the first ''LightNovel/SpiceAndWolf'' novel was released in English around the same time as the first season of the anime.
* The ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}}'' anime is based off of a light novel series; the anime came out in 1995, five years after the first couple of novels were published. Like most light novel-originated series, most foreign fans find the anime as the truest source of canon. It is rather unusual in this case because the first season of the anime was released in the states ''one year'' after it completed its run in Japan, and, as a dub released by Creator/CentralParkMedia, was one of the few '90s dubs that didn't suffer from any form of {{Macekre}}, DubNameChange, or any other edits. Both the novels themselves and most of its manga adaptations weren't translated until the mid 2000s.
** This also happens with the ''characters'' as well; in the novels, [[RedHeadedHeroine Lina]] and [[IdiotHero Gourry]] are the only protagonists; the chimera [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold Zelgadis]] and the princess [[GenkiGirl Amelia]] were their allies for the first eight novels, and they were replaced by treasure hunters [[HotBlooded Luke]] and [[MoralityChain Millina]] for the remaining seven. However, both Zelgadis and Amelia became extremely popular, and when newer anime seasons and manga were made, they were in them, quintessentially making the "Slayers" a four-man band instead of a duo. Very few fans outside of Japan know who Luke and Millina are, especially given that the AlternateContinuity manga ''The Hourglass of Falces'' has all six heroes together.
* ''Manga/BattleRoyale'' is originally a novel, but not everybody knows this. In fact, when ''Battle Royale'' was mentioned in the ''Manga/YuGiOh'' manga, the [[UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} Swedish]] translation included a footnote telling the readers that ''Battle Royale'' is a movie and a manga.
* There are many fans of the Creator/StudioGhibli movie ''Anime/HowlsMovingCastle'' who are entirely unaware of [[Literature/HowlsMovingCastle the children's novel]] by Creator/DianaWynneJones on which it is based. It veers off into its own plotline and themes rather quickly. Those who take the time to read the book tend to be shocked by the difference. However, Jones was apparently expecting this, and told them to do whatever they wanted with her script.
* Some mainstream articles on ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' [[CowboyBebopAtHisComputer refer to the Pokémon and human characters]] as anime characters (or simply cartoon characters,) often completely ignorant of the franchise's video game origins; a few articles have even implied that the ''card game'' came first. This is largely because [[Anime/{{Pokemon}} the anime series]] was [[AdaptationFirst released before the games]] in many non-Japanese countries (though only slightly before in North America). Matters were further confused by ''VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue'' having "Ash" as one of three predefined suggestions for the player character's name; [[DubNameChange North American fans may be surprised to learn that Ash is ''not'' his original Japanese name]]. The next released ''Pokémon'' game, ''Pokémon Yellow'', was more directly influenced by the anime, as was the spin-off ''Pokémon Puzzle League''. This seems to be going downhill, though, as the anime has reached FranchiseZombie status while the games have, [[PopularityPolynomial if anything, become more popular]]. The ''Black 2/White 2'' trailers and the release of ''Anime/PokemonOrigins'' both made a bigger impact on the current fanbase than the ''current'' anime series. [[note]]However, the early seasons are still more well-known, even if they tend to be ignored.[[/note]]
* Same goes for ''Anime/YuGiOh'', whose [[Manga/YuGiOh manga]] wasn't even about a card game at first. Once the anime got to the U.S., it took a few months for the card game to show up as well. It doesn't help that Creator/FourKidsEntertainment deliberately picked up the franchise because of the card game plot after how much money they'd made on ''Pokémon'' and its various components. The makers of the second anime did this too, so it's also not a surprise they sold it overseas on this. Even elements of the storyline they adapted that had little card game elements in the manga had the Duel Monsters segments played up for the anime to sell the cards.
* A variation of this is the case of ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'', a SpinOff [[MorePopularSpinoff that greatly outpaced the original in terms of popularity]]. Reading through this wiki, you may get the impression that the ''Triangle Heart'' series only consists of [[VideoGame/TriangleHeart3SweetSongsForever the third game]], which spawned ''Nanoha''. This is also a straight example since ''Nanoha'' was originally a mini-scenario of the ''Triangle Heart 3'' game. People still mistake clips from the original as a video game adaptation of the anime instead of the other way around.
* ''VideoGame/SakuraWars'' was originally a JRPG and initially, the game was [[NoExportForYou never released outside Japan]]. It has generally been displaced by the anime ([=OVAs=] and TV series) released before 2000.
** Later, the two first games received an official release in UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} and UsefulNotes/{{China}}, of all places.
** ''VideoGame/SakuraWarsSoLongMyLove'' got a North American release, and the Creator/ADVFilms cases did all say "based on the hit game"... although ADV's translated TV series credits say "original manga by Ohji Hiroi" despite the fact that the manga version of ''Sakura Wars'' hadn't even started in Japan until 2003.
* ''Manga/LoveHina'' is one of those cases (in the United States) where people very often ''know'' that a book/manga series exists, yet haven't really read it, and far more often ''have'' seen the anime.
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' (whose mangaka, Creator/KenAkamatsu, also wrote ''Love Hina'') has several anime adaptations, and most fans know about the first one the most (and it's a rather mediocre adaptation). The manga was being translated by Del Rey's manga division (now by Kodansha USA due to the latter going under) since 2005.
* Another example is the ''Franchise/WhenTheyCry'' series, consisting of ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'' and ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry''. With ''Umineko'' it's managed to be averted, though, since a fan translation of the visual novel began before the anime first aired and the anime got a less-than-enthusiastic reception from fans and first-time viewers alike.
* ''Anime/MonsterRancher'' is a non-VisualNovel example of a video game displaced by the anime adaptation.
* ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' was originally conceived and designed as the SpearCounterpart of ''VideoGame/{{Tamagotchi}}''. [[Anime/DigimonAdventure Taichi]] had also been the main character of [[Manga/DigimonVTamer01 an earlier manga]] wherein he and his (different) Digimon partner traveled the Digital World ''alone'', although behind the scenes he had in fact been developed with his anime counterpart simultaneously.
* When Creator/NaokoTakeuchi's ''Manga/SailorMoon'' manga received its AnimatedAdaptation within months of its publishing, the eventual 200+ episode [[Anime/SailorMoon anime]] (including specials and three {{Non Serial Movie}}s) thoroughly eclipsed its source via AdaptationExpansion for the better part of a decade, being the version that most of TheMerch and all but one VideogameAdaptation was based on. Internationally, this was aided by a lack of or latecoming manga licensing in comparison to multilanguage dubs as anime grew in popularity during TheNineties. (In North America, it took three years after the Creator/{{DiC|Entertainment}} dub's premiere for the manga to be acquired and translated by [[Creator/{{Tokyopop}} Mixx]]). A 2003 UpdatedRerelease of the manga (to tie in to an ironically lesser known [[Series/PrettyGuardianSailorMoon tokusatsu version]]) revitalized the property and regularly topped bestseller lists when eventually released stateside in 2011. The newfound exposure eventually resulted in Creator/{{Toei|Animation}} allowing international relicensing of the out-of-print anime during TheNewTens, and beginning development on ''Anime/SailorMoonCrystal'', a new adaptation that is explicitly TruerToTheText of the once-displaced manga.
* For a long time, it was not too well known in English-speaking countries that ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' was a [[SequelDisplacement sequel series]] to ''Manga/DragonBall'', or even that it was based on a Japanese manga (without the ''Z'' in the title). Even when the ''Dragon Ball'' anime finally stuck for good in North America in 2001 (after two previous attempts in the '80s and '90s), many believed it was merely a {{prequel}} to ''DBZ'', a [[SpinoffBabies Babyfication]] of ''DBZ'''s characters, a spinoff of ''DBZ'' for a younger audience, or something ''other'' than a pre-existing adaptation of the first part of the same manga whose later arcs were adapted into ''DBZ''. While the manga was met with some success in North America, there are those who think it's an adaptation of the anime, and those who doesn't know it exists at all. There are also folks who don't even know ''Dragon Ball Z'' is Japanese.
* It's easy to assume that ''Toys/BBSenshiSangokuden'' is a ''SD Gundam'' take on ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'', even though the story itself is set within the existing ''BBSenshi'' continuity - region names that aren't the same anymore are still referenced i.e. the Nanban region to the south corresponds to Albion. Even character names are sometimes inherited: Moukaku Gundam carries the title of Ashurao from an actual Gundam Ashurao from earlier in the toyline.
* It's hard to guess that ''VideoGame/{{Gungrave}}'', a 2003 crime drama with some sci-fi mixed in for good measure, originated as an adaptation of a lukewarmly received PS2 shooter. It's even harder to believe it after you find out about it, just because of how the action sequences in the show took a definite backseat to characterization and drama, and its overall heavy, depressing feel.
* In the West, a few years ago if you told someone ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' they'd think of [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the iconic 2003 anime]]. Nowadays though, more people know of the manga thanks to the new anime, ''Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood''.
* ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'' is an anime based off {{Yonkoma}} strips, rather than conventional serialized manga.
* The anime ''Manga/{{Basilisk}} '' is based off a series of manga named ''Basilisk: The Kouga Ninja Scrolls'', which were manga adaptations of ''The Kouga Ninja Scrolls'', a 1958 novel. So, double displacement.
* The 1985 series ''Anime/{{Robotech}}'' is a CutAndPasteTranslation of ''Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross'', ''Anime/SuperDimensionCavalrySouthernCross'', and ''Anime/GenesisClimberMospeada''. Despite modern anime fans bashing the redundant narration and clumsy translation, ''Robotech'' continues to surpass the popularity of even ''Macross'' in the USA, which was the only ''popular'' anime of the three in Japan. ''Southern Cross'' was a total flop, and ''Mospeada'' is largely forgotten. Original ''Macross'' continues, more or less, with sporadic sequels and prequels. ''Anime/MacrossPlus'' (a sequel) has become a classic in its own right, and ''Anime/MacrossFrontier'' was one of the most successful anime series on its release year. Even ADV's recent attempt to market the original ''Macross'' series on DVD (including a non-''Robotech'' dub) failed due to lack of interest, probably because unlike ''Robotech'', it was never shown on American TV, and the animation is too old for younger audiences.
* While not as universal of a displacement as many examples due to the popularity of the original show, there is a fair amount of people that don't realize ''Anime/DemashitaPowerpuffGirlsZ'' is based on an earlier American cartoon ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls'', or think the anime came first.
* Downplayed with ''Anime/TheTowerOfDruaga''. While it has become more popular than [[VideoGame/TheTowerOfDruaga the game that it was based on]], the original game remains well-known in gaming communities (it had been released internationally on Namco Museum Volume 3 over a decade before the anime was created), and in Japan the game remains popular.
* Whilst ''Manga/{{Oldboy}}'' was a rather successful story about revenge following imprisonment, most people have only heard of its award-winning DarkerAndEdgier [[Film/{{Oldboy}} film counterpart]]. Originally a mystery/thriller story about protagonist Yamashita trying to discover why he was locked up for ten years, the Korean adaptation instead traded a lot of the tension, drama and reveals that probably wouldn't work in a 2 hour film, instead opting for a RoaringRampageOfRevenge approach. Considering the movie is infamous for having its protagonist remove a man's teeth with a claw hammer and eat a real living squid, ''it really isn't surprising people have a tendency to know and remember the movie version.''
* Even though ''Franchise/GhostInTheShell'' is a fairly well known series among anime fans, more people will be familiar with ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' than they will be with the MamoruOshii films or the original manga. Since all three media formats (and ''Anime/GhostInTheShellArise'' are each their own AlternateContinuity, this isn't necessarily a bad thing. In fact, the general familiarity of the works for most people is Anime > Movies > Manga.
* ''Literature/ArashiNoYoruNi'' was originally a children's book series. However, [[NoExportForYou the books haven't been translated into English]], so English speakers would be more familiar with the anime, which ''does'' have a quasi-official dub.
* Unless you're French, you probably know the name "Lupin" as ''Franchise/LupinIII'' better than the ''Literature/ArseneLupin'' stories that inspired it.
** Worldwide, more people are far more familiar with the LighterAndSofter anime adaptation known as ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket'' (Or ''New Lupin III'') than the original DarkerAndEdgier manga.
** The American ''Franchise/LupinIII'' fanbase grew with the Creator/AdultSwim airing of ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket'', but most of the more casual viewers aren't aware of the earlier series, ''Anime/LupinIIIGreenJacket'', or the manga volumes that preceded both: ''Manga/LupinIII''. These early episodes had GagDub humour, upsetting the established fans who had enjoyed the earlier localizations of ''Anime/TheMysteryOfMamo'' and ''Anime/TheCastleOfCagliostro'' because ''their'' Lupin was getting displaced in public perception with this goofy ButtMonkey.
** Because of the adaptation displacement of the manga, ''Anime/LupinIIITheWomanCalledFujikoMine'' (which was closer in tone to the manga) was controversial largely because many people (who were used to ''Red Jacket'' or ''Cagliostro'') weren't expecting that level of violence or sexual content in a ''Lupin'' cartoon.
* The ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' manga still have "based on the hit anime" on them, when really, the manga (47 volumes and still translating) beats the anime (5 seasons and 6 movies). That's for the English version though - the Japanese anime is pretty much around the same area as the manga.
* The ''Manga/FistOfTheNorthStar'' [[TheMovie Movie]] is better-known Stateside than either the anime or manga and is usually what the average anime fan would think of when he hears the name.
* ''Anime/CrayonKingdomOfDreams'' was based off a series of Japanese children's novels which still are being written to this day, beginning back in the mid-80's. Most people who live in other countries remember it as only a show and not a book, [[NoExportForYou especially since the books weren't translated outside of Japan.]]
* While most ''Manga/ElfenLied'' fans do know that the anime is based on a manga, it's not that easy to find someone who has actually read the manga, because the anime has simply been marketed more in the West. And due to the relatively common opinion that "[[AdaptationDecay the original is always better than the adaptation]]", it's ''even'' harder to find people who have both the read the manga and watched the anime.
* ''Anime/NightWizard'' was based on a tabletop role-playing game by Far Eastern Amusement Research, which in turn was based on an eroge by Alice Soft. The eroge and tabletop game have spawned other spinoffs of their own, but the anime is easily the best known of them.
* ''VideoGame/{{Medabots}}'': Most westerners will only know about the franchise's anime adaption, since the original gameboy games [[NoExportForYou never left Japan]]. While three of the series's games did eventually make it to the west, this was only after the anime had become popular.
* ''Anime/VariableGeo'' is a loose OVA adaptation of the ''[[VideoGame/AdvancedVariableGeo Advanced V.G.]]'' fighting game series. Not that most [[CultClassic outside its fandom]] are aware of that, since the games it was based on [[NoExportForYou were never released outside of Japan.]]
* On this very wiki, on pages for manga that have an anime adaption, most of the tropes will refer to the anime.

[[folder:Displaced by Comics]]
* Today, ''ComicStrip/LittleLulu'' is mostly known as a comic book despite debuting as a series of one-panel cartoons for the ''SaturdayEveningPost''.
* The Barry Allen [[Franchise/TheFlash Flash]] and the Hal Jordan Franchise/GreenLantern -- and their relative {{legac|yCharacter}}ies -- are far more familiar to Joe Average than the [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] Jay Garrick and Alan Scott due to the AnimatedAdaptation of each (they were sort of displaced by their [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] versions even before the cartoons, but ''WesternAnimation/SuperFriends'' cemented the newer heroes in popular culture).
* The popularity of the ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'' animated series pushed the John Stewart version of Green Lantern into the minds of the mainstream audience. It got to the point that when trailers for the 2011 ''Film/GreenLantern'' movie were released, many people wondered why the Green Lantern wasn't a black man.
* The [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Human Torch]]. Johnny Storm is the name most comic fans associate with the Human Torch and thanks to cartoons, video games, toys, and movies, even non-comic fans know about Johnny. There was, however, an unrelated Human Torch in UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks published by Marvel's forerunner, Timely Comics. This character spent decades in limbo but had a stint on ComicBook/TheAvengers, was in the WWII-era team The Invaders, and shows up on occasion.
* Many of the properties Creator/DCComics bought are now more closely connected to them rather than to the companies that created and popularized them -- ComicBook/TheQuestion and ComicBook/CaptainAtom from Creator/CharltonComics, ComicBook/PlasticMan from Quality Comics, and [[ComicBook/{{Shazam}} Captain Marvel]] from Fawcett Comics, who were ironically driven out of business ''by'' DC.
* In large parts of the world (particularly continental Europe), WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck's origin in the Classic Disney Shorts, if not entirely forgotten, is completely eclipsed by his being the central character of Creator/CarlBarks's ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse.
* ''ComicBook/{{Robotman}}'' was actually a children's toy in the beginning, which later became a merchandise-driven comic strip. The toys fizzled out, but the strip was doing well, so it continued as an increasingly bizarre and subversive strip. Eventually the character was written out and the strip was retitled ''[[ComicStrip/RobotmanAndMonty Monty]]''.
* Many comics fans are aware that Caine and Abel of ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' were originally the narrators of two of DC's horror comics (''ComicBook/HouseOfMystery'' and ''House of Secrets''). But do they know that the same goes for [[TheHecateSisters the three sisters]] (''The Witching Hour''), Lucien (''Tales From Ghost Castle''), Destiny of the Endless (''Weird Mystery Tales''), Eve (''Secrets of Sinister House'', in which she has a raven said to be the soul of a dead human) and ultra-obscure Dreaming denizen the Fashion Thing/Mad Yuppie Witch (''The Unexpected'' as the Mad Mod Witch)?
** And are they aware that in ''Comicbook/{{Starman}}'', Mason O'Dare's girlfriend Charity used to be the host of ''Forbidden Tales of Dark Mansion''?
** And how many people know that Jed Walker was originally from the 1970s ''Sandman'' stories his introduction deconstructs?
** In a similar vine the Marvel character [[Comicbook/PatsyWalker Hellcat]] actually was actually a [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden Age]] character from the comic 'Patsy and Hedy' before she immigrated into the Marvelverse and the superhero genre.

[[folder:Displaced by Films (Animated)]]
* Most classic fairy tales and works of children's world literature have been eclipsed by the Creator/WaltDisney film versions. (See {{Disneyfication}}.)
** Almost every retelling of ''Literature/SnowWhite'' since [[Disney/SnowWhiteAndTheSevenDwarfs 1937]] has the dwarfs described as individual characters, while the original story doesn't describe them that way. The original story has the WickedStepmother try two other tactics to unsuccessfully kill Snow White, before she finally tries to use the poisoned apple. In Disney's version, he only focused on the apple narrative. Also, the Prince doesn't kiss Snow White back to life, but decides to take her coffin with him, whereupon the thing drops on the ground making the piece of apple that Snow White swallowed fall out of her mouth. Give all this, it's ironic that the tale's one most remembered line ("Mirror, mirror, on the wall...") was worded differently in the Disney version ("Magic mirror on the wall...").
** Most of {{Creator/Disney}}'s films are based on previous sources, even less obvious ones. The most notorious of these displacement sources is ''Disney/{{Dumbo}}'', which is based on a experimental children's book (a scroll with pictures) that had an insanely low print run that Disney himself hand-picked out of a bookstore for a couple bucks. They share a basic plot and not much else.
** ''Franchise/WinnieThePooh'' is remembered by some people more for the [[Disney/TheManyAdventuresOfWinnieThePooh Disney animations]] than for [[Literature/WinnieThePooh the books]] by Creator/AAMilne. And Disney is [[Disney/WinnieThePooh working hard]] to keep it that way (much to the disgust of a number of fans in Britain - although curiously, [[Literature/TheJungleBook other Disney movies]] [[Literature/TheHundredAndOneDalmatians based on British books]] escape that reaction in the UK). Which is sad since the main reason that Walt Disney adapted the books in the first place was because his daughters were big fans of them, and he wanted to help introduce the stories to a larger American audience.
*** Also unusual, because (in the first film, at least) Gopher wants you all to know that "[[BreakingTheFourthWall he's not in the book]]".
** Believe it or not, ''Disney/{{Bambi}}'' is also based on a book - which is hilarious when you consider the original poster was ''a picture of the book''. Also an example of {{Disneyfication}}: the novel was intended for adult audiences.
** Even ''Disney/LadyAndTheTramp'', which was based on a short story called ''Happy Dan, The Whistling Dog''. Walt read it in ''Cosmopolitan'', bought the rights, and actually had the author write a novelization of the planned movie which came out two years before the film itself. This was so people would be familiar with the story, since most people associated the Disney studio with adapting famous tales, and it was thought that people wouldn't watch the film if they didn't know there was a book. How many of you knew there was a book?
** Disney's ''Disney/TheJungleBook'' is so well known, some people aren't aware that there really were Jungle '''[[Literature/TheJungleBook Books]]'''. Or that Baloo was the serious one, and Bagheera the playful one. And Kaa was Mowgli's third mentor. Not too mention that the entire plot of the Disney adaptation has next to nothing to do with the book, except the names of the characters.
** ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' is based on the 1950s British junior novel ''Literature/TheHundredAndOneDalmatians'' by Dodie Smith, which also inspired a sequel, ''The Starlight Barking''. Many believe the animated Disney movie was the story's source.
** ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'', based on the 1981 novel ''Literature/WhoCensoredRogerRabbit'' by Gary Wolf. The original novel is about comic strip cartoon characters who speak in word balloons, and Eddie Valiant is in fact investigating Roger's ''murder''. Even Wolf acknowledged that the movie was superior to the original, and wrote two sequels to ''the film'', in which [[{{Retcon}} Jessica says that the original novel was]] [[AllJustADream a dream]].
** Many people know well the ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}''. How about ''Literature/TheAdventuresOfPinocchio'' by Carlo Collodi?
** While not entirely Disney's fault, their 1951 adaptation of ''Disney/AliceInWonderland'' forever linked the events of ''Through the Looking Glass'' with the very different book it was a sequel to. However, several adaptations in film and theater before it had been doing this well before. In fact, very few people even realize that characters like Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum never appeared in the book ''Literature/AlicesAdventuresInWonderland'' and it's not uncommon to hear people complain about their absence in works that are more faithful to the source material because they have become so accustomed to seeing the two books presented as ''Alice in Wonderland''. It doesn't help that the two books are often published as a single volume under that title.
** ''Disney/TheFoxAndTheHound'' is derived from [[Literature/TheFoxAndTheHound a much darker novel]] in which [[spoiler: [[DeathByNewberyMedal everyone dies]].]]
** ''Disney/TheRescuers'' were based off of [[Literature/TheRescuers Margery Sharp's books]], specifically, two of them. There are actually [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margery_Sharp nine books]] in the series. ''Disney/TheRescuersDownUnder'', however, was an original story.
** ''Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective'' was also based on a book series, ''Basil of Baker Street'' (which was obviously inspired by Literature/SherlockHolmes). Ratigan's Basil doll closely resembles Basil from the original book's illustrations.
** There are those who think that Disney created ''Disney/PeterPan'' from whole cloth in 1953, with their still-classic animated motion picture. People (usually children, it must be said), are surprised to hear it was [[Literature/PeterPan a book]] back in 1904... based off the original stage play that debuted in 1902. There is a rather larger section of the populace who believe that [[DisneyOwnsThisTrope Disney currently own the copyright]] on Peter Pan. They don't, that belongs to Great Ormond Street Hospital in perpetuity; [[note]]in the U.K.; it's in the public domain in the U.S.[[/note]] they get royalties on all derivative works, but cannot stop anybody from making something they don't want made (hence Disney rolling out its new ''Tinker Bell'' movies).
*** This makes ''Film/{{Hook}}'' an interesting case: This film clearly contradicts Disney's ''Disney/PeterPan'' in quite a number of points. This is because it isn't a sequel to the Disney animated feature but to James M. Barrie's original novel. Barrie himself is mentioned to have been Wendy's neighbor. The Disney movie eventually got his own sequel, ''Return to Neverland''.
** ''Literature/TheLittleMermaid'' doesn't have a happy ending. The mermaid becomes part of the sky and never marries her prince. Also, the Sea Witch is, in contrast with [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid the Disney movie]], not a real villain and more of a simple, amoral saleswoman who grants magical favors for a hefty price (like in the Disney movie, the price here is the mermaid's voice but it's done by taking her ''tongue'' away).
** Many people know that ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' was originally from ''[[Literature/ArabianNights The Arabian Nights]]'', but not very many know that [[Literature/{{Aladdin}} the original tale]] gave Aladdin ''two'' genies (he had a magic ring in addition to the lamp) and unlimited wishes instead of a ThreeWishes limit. Plus, there's nothing in the tale about FreeingTheGenie. And it is all set in China!
** A curious example, but still true. Outside of America, you'd be surprised how many people will act shocked that [[Disney/{{Pocahontas}} Pocahontas and John Smith]] were real people and met and interacted in real life.
** How many of us know -- and how many of our kids will know in the future -- that ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' was based on a 2002 children's novel called ''The Frog Princess'' (itself a variant on ''The Frog Prince'', a story collected by the Brothers Grimm)? The novel only has a few similarities with the movie, such as the New Orleans setting, voodoo as a plot device and the heroine turning into a frog as well after kissing the prince. The novel has multiple sequels, too, collectively known as ''Tales of the Frog Princess''.
** The original concept for ''Disney/TheEmperorsNewGroove'' was based on Creator/MarkTwain's novel ''Literature/ThePrinceAndThePauper''. It's understandable that nobody remembers this, since the original concept was ditched and it was turned into a meta-parody of itself, full of LampshadeHanging, instead. It also borrowed many elements from ''Literature/TheEmperorsNewClothes'', starting from the name.
** Disney's animated short version of ''Disney/TheThreeLittlePigs'' is another example that's completely taken over the original fairy tale. The pigs all flee to the third pig's house, while in the original the Big Bad Wolf just eats the two of them.
** ''Disney/BigHero6'' has easily eclipsed the Marvel comic it was based on, a small title set in the main Franchise/MarvelUniverse. It replaced several of the existing Marvel characters with new ones, altered other characters just made for the comic, and polished the whole thing into something new.
** While not part of the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon, ''WesternAnimation/RecessSchoolsOut'' is starting to turn into this. [[WesternAnimation/{{Recess}} The show it's based on]] isn't currently in reruns, but whenever Creator/DisneyChannel or Creator/DisneyXD feel generous, they'll show the movie, and it being aired on the premium movie channels sometimes, and some stores still carry the DVD (Store such as Walmart don't sell it in the store, but do sell it online, and stores like f.y.e. or BJ's sometimes carry it). And then Disney might want to rerun the show itself, leading to younger children to think the show was based on the movie.
** The story of Rapunzel was pretty well known before ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'', but the film's popularity seems to be eclipsing the story.
** On the other hand, [[Literature/TheSnowQueen the Snow Queen story]] that ''Disney/{{Frozen}}'' was [[InNameOnly loosely inspired by]] was more or less unheard of. A good many people only knew of the story from Disney's [[DevelopmentHell numerous attempts at making it over seven decades]] than from [[PopCulturalOsmosis actually having read it]]. (Except in the former Soviet Union, where it was mostly known from the [[Animation/TheSnowQueen1957 1957 Soviet animated adaptation]]. There was actually another [[Animation/TheSnowQueen2012 3D animated adaptation]] released a year before ''Frozen'', but it remained relatively obscure.)
* The ''Franchise/{{Shrek}}'' series of films is based on an obscure picture book by William Steig which has overall little to do with the films (Steig's son Jeremy Steig, a jazz musician, shows up in ''Shrek Forever After'' as the Pied Piper playing one of his tunes -- known to younger listeners through the Beastie Boys song "Sure Shot," which samples it).
* ''WesternAnimation/TheIronGiant'' is based on a book (''The Iron Man'' by acclaimed writer and Poet Laureate Ted Hughes) bearing almost no resemblance to the movie.
* How many viewers of ''WesternAnimation/OverTheHedge'' know about the newspaper comic on which it was based? We do see characters checking out the comic during the credits, but it's hard to make out on the screen; besides, many viewers don't stick around for credits.
* ''WesternAnimation/FernGullyTheLastRainforest'' is a frequent target of mockery of the early 1990s enviromania craze; few realize that it was based on an Australian children's novel.
* Many people are unaware that ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfNIMH'' was based on a book called ''Literature/MrsFrisbyAndTheRatsOfNIMH'' by Robert C. O'Brien. The book had many differences: most notably that the fantasy and magical elements were completely absent, as was the emphasis on love and courage. There was instead a larger focus on the rats. There were also no villains; Jenner was only mentioned in the rats' backstory, having left them after an argument.
* ''WesternAnimation/HowToTrainYourDragon''. Fairly obscure children's book series, explosively popular movie.
* How many of you have heard of or read ''WesternAnimation/TheBraveLittleToaster'' by Thomas M. Disch? Now how many have seen one or all of the three animated films?
* ''WesternAnimation/RockADoodle'' is based on a fairly obscure play (unless you're French) by Edmond Rostand, who's more famous for ''Theatre/CyranoDeBergerac'', called ''Chanticler''. To name a few differences, the Edmond character isn't there, there isn't any magic, the Grand Duke is only a minor villain, and the [[AnAesop Aesop]] of the play is centered around how, even though the rooster hero's crowing doesn't make the sun rise, he is still important to the farmyard by waking everyone up and keeping away predators.
* Possibly as an attempt to avoid this, the first ''LightNovel/SpiceAndWolf'' novel was released in English around the same time as the first season of the anime.
* ''Literature/ArashiNoYoruNi'' was originally a children's book series. However, [[NoExportForYou the books haven't been translated into English]], so English speakers would be more familiar with the anime, which ''does'' have a quasi-official dub.
* ''WesternAnimation/MrPeabodyAndSherman'' the CG animated film is snuffing out the original cartoon series quite quickly.
* Most Americans are unaware that ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfTintin'' is based on [[Franchise/{{Tintin}} a Belgian comic book series]], due to it never having caught on in the USA. Also note that they are one of the few countries in that regard, as the comic strip is extremely popular in other continents of the world, even places you wouldn't expect, like Africa, China and Latin America.
* When googling ''Anime/AstroBoy'', you would get more results on the [[WesternAnimation/AstroBoy 2009 film]] than the 2003 anime, much less the [[LighterAndSofter 1960's version]] or the [[DarkerAndEdgier 1980's version]]. And that's without going into any of the short anime films.
* Many are familiar with the monumentally popular Creator/DreamWorksAnimation film series ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda''. Much fewer are familiar with the obscure [=DreamWorks=] Interactive video game ''VideoGame/TaiFuWrathOfTheTiger'' that heavily inspired it. For that matter, most people are unaware that [=DreamWorks=] ever ''had'' a video game branch.

[[folder:Displaced by Literature]]
* Everyone knows ''the first two lines'' of Felicia Hemans' ''{{Literature/Casabianca}}'' ("The boy stood on the burning deck/Whence all but he had fled"), but hardly anyone knows the rest; parodies have displaced it. Probably the best-known is Creator/SpikeMilligan's ''Casabazonka'', the one which ends simply "--Twit."
** "[[Music/JethroTull There was a little boy, stood on a burning log/rubbing his hands with glee]] / [[TakeThat He said Old Mother England, did you light my smile/or did you light this fire under me?]]"
* How many people have read Creator/NeilGaiman's novel ''Literature/{{Neverwhere}}''? How many knew the book is in fact a novelization of a British [[Series/{{Neverwhere}} mini-series written by Gaiman?]]
* The original Myth/{{Merlin}} was a Welsh bard who had nothing to do with Myth/KingArthur. Additionally, all prior characterizations of Merlin were displaced by newer myths, culminating with the Lancelot-Grail cycle.
* Many fans are of the mistaken belief that ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'' novels are the original, and either have never heard of [[Radio/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy the radio series]] or assume it's an adaptation.
** There are also people who only know the series through the 2005 movie.
* In 1982, Sue Townsend wrote a radio play called ''The Diary of Nigel Mole, Aged 13 1/4''. Later that year it became a book called ''The Secret Diary of Literature/AdrianMole, Aged 13 3/4''.
* A lot of people know some longish literary classics only from the versions abridged and somewhat re-edited for children that they had read when they were young. ''Literature/DonQuixote'' and ''Literature/RobinsonCrusoe'' are common examples of this, as is ''Literature/GulliversTravels'' ("you mean Gulliver traveled to places other than Lilliput and Brobdingnag?").
* A lot of people are familiar with the ''Literature/DiaryOfAWimpyKid'' books (and film) but how many are familiar with the webcomic in which it originated?
* To many people born in communist countries, ''[[TheWizardOfOz Oz]]'' wasn't known, but instead [[Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand the adaptions]] by Alexander Volkov (making a non-canonical character, Urfin Jus, the most popular one).
* Back in the bad old days before home video and common repeats, the only way to re-experience a ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial was to read the Target novelisation. In many cases, the reputations of stories (especially older ones) are based more on the quality of the novelisation than on the original serial. Many stories thought at the time to be classics based on the fact that they got excellent novelisations early on were heavily reevaluated when people could own the VHS of the original, complete with all the plot holes and structure problems the novelisation fixed (and the SpecialEffectFailure and bad acting that it couldn't contain).
* ''Literature/TanteiTeamKZJikenNote'' is a Japanese Children's novel spanning 19 books, one {{spinoff}} series, and an AnimatedAdaptation. It's also a rewrite of an obscure, CutShort LightNovel called ''KZ Shonen Shoujo Seminar''[[note]]This is why the novel covers refer to a "creator" and a "writer."[[/note]].

[[folder:Displaced by Live-Action TV]]
* Not only was ''Series/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'' based on a book, ''Little House in the Big Woods'' and ''Farmer Boy'' preceded its publication. (And not only that, but the series was based more on the book that came ''after'' it, ''On the Banks of Plum Creek'').
* The science show ''Series/BeakmansWorld'' has proven so popular, very few people know that it was adapted from a Sunday comic strip - which is still running, even though the show is long over.
* In this day and age, far more people are aware of the 1980 ''Film/FlashGordon'' movie, or the [[Series/FlashGordon 2007 TV series]], or even the ''[[Film/FlashGordonSerial 1930s serials]]'' than are aware that it was a [[ComicStrip/FlashGordon daily newspaper comic]] that ran for nearly 70 years.
* ''Series/TheMeetingPlaceCannotBeChanged'' was originally a novel.
* ''Series/{{MASH}}'': Everyone knows the series, and some remember the movie it was based on. How many know the movie was adapted from a series of novels? Not that you'd recognise Hawkeye from the books to the show.
** Played with on a ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' sketch where host Elliot Gould is a guest on a morning talk show.
--->'''Pinky Waxman''': "Let's talk about ''Series/{{MASH}}''!
--->'''Leo Waxman''': ''Series/{{MASH}}''! It's my favorite show!
--->'''Elliot Gould''': Well, I was in the movie, not the TV show...
--->'''Leo Waxman''': It was a ''movie''? Who knew?
* The original ''Series/MatchGame'' had two celebrity panelists, four contestants, and no {{double entendre}}s. It's the second version, ''Match Game '73'', that everyone remembers. It doesn't help that virtually all of the original series [[MissingEpisode no longer exists on tape.]] To an extent, not many know that ''Series/FamilyFeud'' was derived from the end game of the original ''Match Game.''
* Try bringing up Bill Cullen as host of ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' (which he did from 1956 to 1965), and you'll get people born within the last thirty years ask "You mean Bob Barker wasn't the first host?"
* The British version of ''Series/{{The Office|UK}}'' was popular in America before the [[Series/TheOfficeUS American version]] started airing. Due in part to BritishBrevity, the American version has lasted much longer and has been one of the most popular sitcoms of its era. Although the American version is well known and fairly well received, the British version is still the best known. However, Ricky Gervais often makes self-deprecating jokes about Steve Carrel being more famous than he is. The German and French versions also have better ratings than the original in their respective countries.
* By this point, when people think of ''Series/MrBelvedere'', they're most likely thinking of Christopher Hewett's '80s sitcom, little realizing that the title character was once played on the big screen by Clifton Webb...or that before ''that'', he was a character in a novel by Gwen Davenport.
* ''Film/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' is now best remembered for being the silly and not particularly good film that was later adapted into a very successful franchise anchored by the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' TV series. Creator/JossWhedon launched the TV show due to dissatisfaction over the ExecutiveMeddling in the film's production.
* The '70s sitcom ''[[Series/{{Alice1976}} Alice]]'' was based on the 1974 movie ''Film/AliceDoesntLiveHereAnymore''. The movie has been eclipsed not only by the TV show, but by the later movies of its director, Creator/MartinScorsese.
* These days the ''Series/{{Dexter}}'' TV series is much better known than the ''Dexter'' book series. It also affected the font on the front of the books, changing the capital "T" in DEXTER to "t" to resemble the show.
* ''Series/StargateSG1'' is far more popular than the film that spawned it, ''Film/{{Stargate}}''. ''SG-1'' lasted for ten seasons, spawning two TV sequels, ''Series/StargateAtlantis'' and ''Series/StargateUniverse''; two direct-to-DVD-movies, with one more in the works; a remastered version of its pilot episode; numerous novels; and an {{M|assivelyMultiplayerOnlineRolePlayingGame}}MORPG (though this seems to be stuck in DevelopmentHell).
** Also an FPS, Online TCG, another FPS, and other direct to DVD movies for the spin off that are supposedly going to happen if MGM is ever solvent again.
* Creator/AndrewDavies changed the ending of the novel ''Series/{{House of Cards|UK}}'' in his [[Creator/TheBBC BBC]] adaptation. The programme was so much more successful than the (still modestly successful) book that author Michael Dobbs wrote a sequel, ''To Play the King'', and {{retcon}}ned it to fit with the ending of the programme. Then Davies adapted ''To Play the King'' and exactly the same thing happened again.
* Although Creator/BarrySonnenfeld claimed ''Film/TheAddamsFamily'' was directly based on the original comics, every significant detail was taken from [[Series/TheAddamsFamily the TV series]] (for example, the original comic strip never named the characters).
* ''Series/IClaudius''; the miniseries displaced [[Literature/IClaudius Robert Graves's novel]].
* The 60s TV adaptation of ''Franchise/TheGreenHornet'' has displaced the original radio series on which it was based. This is most obvious in the characterization of Kato: in the original radio series Kato was merely Britt Reid's valet and the Hornet's companion, and had no notable martial arts skills. Bruce Lee's portrayal of Kato as martial arts master and all around {{badass}} is now so firmly entrenched in the audience's expectations that all subsequent adaptations of the property have that as a prominent part of Kato's characterization.
** In the 1990s NOW Comics adaptations, the writers went so far as to [[RetCanon make the entire Kato family]] (Ikano Kato, companion of the 30s-40s Hornet, Hayashi Kato, son of Ikano and companion of the 60s and 90s Hornet, and Mishi Kato, half-sister of Hayashi and companion (for a time) of the 90s Hornet) proficient martial artists
*** The above displacement of Kato is so famous he got his own Expy without Green Hornet (the 90s martial arts film, Black Mask, has people comment upon the characters' similarity).
* Many Japanese tourists, upon seeing the ''Film/{{Backdraft}}'' attraction at Universal Studios, wondered why they were playing the theme music to "Ryoori no Tetsujin" (known elsewhere as IronChef).
* Telly Savalas first played Lt. Series/{{Kojak}} (listed in the credits as "Kojack") in an Abby Mann-scripted teleplay about a real-life miscarriage of justice called ''The Marcus-Nelson Murders'', which was itself based on a book by Selwyn Raab. However, Raab wrote that book as a non-fiction work, not a novel, so Kojak did debut for television.
* ''Series/TheAdventuresOfShirleyHolmes'' was adapted to TV from a series of books produced by Winklemania Productions, UK. If you grew up in TheNineties, it's almost a guarantee you've heard of the series: it aired in over 80 countries and was translated to 8 languages. The book is nowhere ''near'' as well-known.
* The original book ''Literature/DeepLove'' had a large cult following in Japan and while there was a series of popular manga (with multiple spin-offs) the live-action drama was by far more popular.
** The book actually started out as a series of web novels (keitai shousetsu, i.e. a web novel that was published on a site that was made for cell phone viewing) which got so popular they got novelized.
* ''Series/TalesFromTheCrypt'' was based on a 1950s {{EC|Comics}} horror comic of the same name, complete with Crypt-Keeper.
* A lot of people know that ''WesternAnimation/SabrinaTheAnimatedSeries'' is an adaptation of ''Series/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch'', but few people realize that the LiveActionTV sitcom is based off [[Comicbook/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch a long-running comic book series]], besides those who watched ''WesternAnimation/SabrinaAndTheGroovieGoolies''. Franchise/{{Archie|Comics}}'s had been attempting to avert this in the 2010s. Sabrina's main comic series has been on hiatus but she has had multiple appearances in the main Archie comics, she has a [[WesternAnimation/SabrinaSecretsOfATeenageWitch new cartoon]], she's a major character in ''ComicBook/AfterlifeWithArchie'', and she has a new DarkerAndEdgier retelling called "ComicBook/ChillingAdventuresOfSabrina". Still whenever you search or talk about her most remember the show first.
* The British crime TV series ''Series/MidsomerMurders'' has hugely overshadowed the book series by Caroline Graham that it was inspired by and that early episodes were adapted from.
* The Creator/DisneyChannel itself has been in existence since 1983, and its tween-centric original series have been in existence ''at least'' since the late 1990's, but because the channel rarely shows very much programming dated before 2005, certain generations may be unaware of ''Series/LizzieMcGuire'', ''Series/PhilOfTheFuture'', ''Series/EvenStevens'', ''Series/SoWeird'' or ''Series/TheFamousJettJackson'' setting the stage for ''Series/HannahMontana'', ''Series/ThatsSoRaven'', ''Series/TheSuiteLifeOfZackAndCody'' and ''Series/WizardsOfWaverlyPlace''. Far fewer have even seen a younger Music/BritneySpears, Music/ChristinaAguilera, Music/JustinTimberlake, etc. make their debuts in [[Series/TheMickeyMouseClub MMC]] in TheNineties. To say nothing of ''Series/UnderTheUmbrellaTree'', ''Dumbo's Circus'', ''The Edison Twins'', etc.
* ''Manga/{{Life}}'' started out as a manga, but the TV drama is considerably more well-known for whatever reason.
* ''{{Dinotopia}}''. Fewer people know about the novels now because of the crappy TV series.
* ''Series/{{Highlander}}'' falls into this to a point-not everyone realizes there were movies first.
* ''Series/TheSixMillionDollarMan'' is one of the prime examples of this trope. The TV series was extremely popular and generated many iconic images and sounds; most people are unaware that the TV series was originally based on the novel ''Cyborg'' by Creator/MartinCaidin (despite it being named on the end credits), and the book has become almost entirely forgotten.
* It's not as bad as others, but when most people think of ''Theatre/TheOddCouple'', the TV series starring Tony Randall and Jack Klugman is usually the first version to come to mind instead of the original play (Klugman actually played Oscar on Broadway ''before'' the series) or the movie.
* How many viewers on HBO realize that ''Series/TrueBlood'' was based on Charlaine Harris' imaginative book series, ''Literature/TheSookieStackhouseMysteries''?
* Many people outside the USA don't realise that the Hulk was a comic book character that got turned into a TV series.
* ''Series/SixHundredSixtySixParkAvenue'': This series is based (very loosely) on a book by Gabriella Pierce. Chances are you have never even heard of the book.
* ''Series/WheelOfFortune'' is a weird example of a show displacing ''itself''. The original version ran from 1975 to 1991 on daytime network television (primarily Creator/{{NBC}}, except for a stretch from 1989 to early 1991 when it was on Creator/{{CBS}} instead). The nighttime, syndicated version began in 1983 and has continued ever since. Given that daytime ended so long ago, and given that most of it before the mid-1980s was [[MissingEpisode wiped]], the lack of references to daytime is understandable.
* The current versions of ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' (1984) and ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'' (1972) are actually revivals of older shows. The original ''Jeopardy!'' ran from 1964 to 1974 with Art Fleming as host, while the original ''Price'' ran in the 1950s and 1960s.
* ''Series/SaleOfTheCentury'' is another example. Most people today recall the 1980s series hosted by Jim Perry and developed for Australian TV by Reg Grundy. It was originally created by Al Howard and aired on NBC from 1969 to 1973 and was hosted by Jack Kelly (1969-71) and Joe Garagiola (1971-73).
* ''Series/{{Lingo}}'' (2002-07), one of the most successful original shows for Creator/{{GSN}}, was a revival of a one-season game show from TheEighties hosted by Michael Reagan (the original was notorious for the production company going bankrupt and not paying its contestants).
* ''Music/FlightOfTheConchords'' was originally a radio series, but the HBO TV series is much more well-known. There are also cases of fans not realizing that Flight of the Conchords are a real band.
* The "Four Yorkshiremen" sketch originated on ''Series/AtLastThe1948Show'', but when two of the performers, Creator/JohnCleese and Creator/GrahamChapman, later became two-thirds of Creator/MontyPython, they began including the sketch in their live touring stage shows. Thanks both to their popularity (and it being on the album ''AudioPlay/MontyPythonLiveAtDruryLane'' and the 1982 concert film ''Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl'') and the relative obscurity of ''At Last the 1948 Show'', the sketch is now more associated with Monty Python.
** Also, the "Silly Job Interview" from Episode 5 first appeared in the American TV special ''How to Irritate People'', with Graham Chapman's interviewee role being filled instead by Tim Brooke-Taylor.
** And there's John Philip Sousa's ''Liberty Bell March'', which was chosen to serve as the ThemeTune to the Pythons' series, ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'', due to it being in the [[PublicDomainSoundtrack public domain]]. It is now known more as the "Monty Python Song" than as a standalone piece of music, which makes it doubly hilarious when it's performed at campaign rallies and presidential inaugurations.
** Some Python fans are completely unaware of ''Flying Circus'', only knowing the troupe through its various theatrical films.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': Well, sort of. Although the television series is more well-known than [[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire the book series]] that it is based upon, many people recognize that it is a book series. However, more people that watch the show refer to the books as "the Game Of Thrones series" instead of ''A Song Of Ice And Fire''; plus, most people didn't know of the books' existence until after the show began. Crossover promotion right on new books' covers helps this along.
** ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' poked fun at this when Peter replaces the TV with a bookshelf. When Chris says he wants to watch ''The Walking Dead'', Peter suggests ''Frankenstein''. When Meg wants to watch ''New Girl'', Peter suggests ''Jane Eyre''. When Chris wants to watch ''Game of Thrones'', Peter suggests...''Literature/GameOfThrones''.
* ''Series/TheWalkingDead'' TV show is much more well-known than [[ComicBook/TheWalkingDead the comic book it is based on]].
* ''Series/PressYourLuck'' is a CultClassic in the GameShow field... but how many know that it was actually a ReTool of an older game show called ''Series/SecondChance''? Especially since most of ''Second Chance'' was erased...
* Many American viewers are unaware that ''Series/WhoseLineIsItAnyway'' began in Britain in [[TheEighties 1988]]. Even fewer people--from both countries--know that it started as a ''[[SoundToScreenAdaptation radio]]'' show.
* ''Series/BananasInPyjamas'' was based off a song from the Australian children's series ''Series/PlaySchool''. In the original animation, there were six bananas and ten bears, and the Rat In The Hat wasn't present.
* ''Series/OrangeIsTheNewBlack'' was based on a memoir by Piper Kerman (who Piper Chapman's name was derived from.) Most people aren't aware of the source material, and those who do discovered it through the show.
* The vast majority of audiences who have heard of Franchise/PerryMason likely only know the franchise through the landmark 1957-66 television series starring Raymond Burr as the title character (or the slew of {{Made for TV Movie}}s, again starring Burr, lasting from 1985-1993), unaware that it was based on a series of novels written over the course of four decades by Erle Stanley Gardner. Not only that, but the books and their characters also lent themselves to several theatrical films, a radio series, and even a second television adaptation (though it was less well-received than the first).

[[folder:Displaced by Music]]
* The Tears For Fears song "Mad World" is pretty much the textbook music example of this trope. The much slower, more melancholic cover version by Gary Jules is so monumentally popular that the original song is often mistaken to be the cover, with Gary Jules fans attacking the band for "ruining the song" despite them being responsible for its existence in the first place.
** Furthermore, virtually every cover version available to watch on Website/YouTube is of the Gary Jules version, with the uploader often failing to credit Tears For Fears for writing it. Some credit the song as being written by "Gary Jules/Tears For Fears". Finding a cover version of the original track at its original speed is incredibly difficult.
* The Music/ElvisPresley song "Can't Help Falling in Love" is a rewritten version of the French song Plaisir d'Amour, written in 1780 by Jean Paul Égide Martini.
** Similarly, Elvis' song "It's Now Or Never" uses the melody from the Italian aria "'O Sole Mio".
** ...and "Love Me Tender" uses the melody from the Civil War song "Aura Lee".
* Music/FrankSinatra's "My Way" from ''Music/MyWay'' is a cover from the French song "Comme d' Habitude" by Claude François.
* "Pictures at an Exhibition" is less well-known as a piano piece by Modest Moussorgsky than in the orchestral version by Maurice Ravel.
** Both displaced by the 1971 Music/EmersonLakeAndPalmer album.
** Speaking of Rimsky-Korsakov, his arrangement of Music/ModestMussorgsky's ''Music/NightOnBaldMountain" completely eclipsed the original, which is nearly extinct nowadays. In turn, R-K's version was rearranged by Leopold Stokowski for ''Disney/{{Fantasia}}''.
* This is often the case with literary works that have been used as sources for far more famous classical vocal works. For example, the ''Music/CarminaBurana'' manuscript of medieval German poems and dramatic texts that was used for Carl Orff's famous cantata, or Schiller's poem "To Joy" which was used for the last movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
* There are plenty of cases in music where [[CoveredUp a cover of a song has eclipsed the original version]]. For example, few people know that Music/OtisRedding first recorded "Respect" as it's been eclipsed by the Music/ArethaFranklin version. And younger people are more likely to know the versions of "I Want Candy" recorded by Bow Wow Wow or Aaron Carter than the original by The Strangeloves (even though the original song actually was the highest charting).
** Also true with [[SampledUp hip-hop that "samples" earlier music]]. Most young people who love Music/KanyeWest's "Gold Digger" have probably never heard of the Music/RayCharles song, "I Got a Woman", that Jamie Foxx samples in it.
** Another Kanye example, in that most don't realize the "Stronger" is essentially him singing along to Music/DaftPunk's "Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger" from ''Music/{{Discovery}}'' Or that the video for "Stronger" is a giant reference to ''Manga/{{Akira}}''.
** The Soul Searchers instrumental "Ashley's Roachclip" is obscure at best. Only one bar of it is really known—and most people don't even know where it's actually from—as a breakbeat used by Music/EricBAndRakim in ''Music/PaidInFull''. This in turn was eclipsed by Frank Farian's use of the same sample for several Music/MilliVanilli songs.
** Many Rock and Roll pioneers, like Music/ElvisPresley and Music/JerryLeeLewis, made their careers performing covers or re-workings of blues songs originally written and recorded by black artists; many of whom are long forgotten by all but the most stalwart fans. Few of the original creators were ever compensated, or even acknowledged, for their work; and those that were, were typically hired by the music labels at very low pay, and their songs re-recorded by the more popular white artists. All of which constitutes a substantial OldShame for the American music industry. A few artists, such as Elvis Presley, did attempt to make these black musicians better known, but the institutionalized racism of the time greatly limited their ability to do so.
** Arguably Music/JimiHendrix's remake of Music/BobDylan's "All Along the Watchtower" from ''Music/JohnWesleyHarding'' on Hendrix' album ''Music/ElectricLadyland'' is an example of this. Since the early 1970s Dylan's own live concert version of it has been based on Hendrix's arrangement.
** As is Music/TheByrds' version of Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" from ''Music/AnotherSideOfBobDylan'' on ''Music/MrTambourineMan'', which includes only the intro, chorus and second verse of the original. Another Byrds example is "Turn! Turn! Turn!", which was written and recorded by Pete Seeger three years before the Byrds' #1 hit was released (though Seeger wasn't the first to record the song -- folk group the Limeliters recorded the song several months prior under the title "To Everything There Is a Season").
** All cover versions of Music/JoniMitchell's "Both Sides, Now" use a tune for the chorus which is slightly but very noticeably different from the one she wrote. The printed title also usually omits the comma.
** Another Music/ArethaFranklin example is "Think". At least in Germany, many radio stations would rather play the remake from ''Film/TheBluesBrothers'' than her comparatively obscure 1968 original.
** Ever since The Fifth Dimension recorded a cover of "Aquarius" (the opening number of ''{{Theatre/Hair}}'') which for some unknown reason included the "let the sun shine in" chorus from "The Flesh Failures" (the closing number), every cover of "Aquarius" has done the same.
** The song "Me and Bobby [=McGee=]" will forever be associated with Music/JanisJoplin on her album ''Music/CheapThrills'', but was written and originally recorded by country musician Kris Kristofferson (who is probably better known as Whistler, mentor of {{Film/Blade}}).
* Creator/HenrikIbsen's play ''Theatre/PeerGynt'' has been displaced by the incidental music Edvard Grieg wrote for it, except in Norway, where it is his perhaps most famous and popular play. And few people have heard any part which didn't make it into the two suites, which includes the lyrics to "In the Hall of the Mountain King," [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mrzky3enkw heard here]].
* "Twist and Shout" wasn't written by Music/TheBeatles, nor was it first performed by them. But after listening to their version, it can be hard to remember that.
* "Mack the Knife" (''Die [[MurderBallad Moritat]] von Mackie Messer'' in the original German) has been covered so many times that it's probably no doubt become more recognizable than the musical it was written for, ''[[Theatre/TheThreepennyOpera Die Dreigroschenoper]]''. Also, ''Die Dreigroschenoper'' itself was based on ''Theatre/TheBeggarsOpera'' by John Gay. (Even worse, many people under the age of 30 probably only associate it with [=McDonald's=], thanks to its "Mac Tonite" advertising campaign.)
** The "Alabama Song" from ''Theatre/AufstiegUndFallDerStadtMahagonny'' is another of these songs by [[Music/KurtWeill Weill]] and [[Creator/BertoltBrecht Brecht]] which has had this happen to it. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbzvSYLCSo0 This cover]] by Music/TheDoors on ''[[Music/TheDoorsAlbum The Doors]]'' is an example.
* Smokey Robinson's "Who's Loving You?" was overshadowed by Music/TheJacksonFive cover.
* "Black Magic Woman" is today mostly known as a Music/{{Santana}} song from ''Music/{{Abraxas}}'' - few people remember that it was originally Music/FleetwoodMac's debut single, and was indeed written by their founder, Peter Green.
* Only ardent Music/NineInchNails fans mention that frontman Trent Reznor originally wrote "Hurt" for his 1994 album ''Music/TheDownwardSpiral''. Everyone else assumes that Music/JohnnyCash created the single, despite Cash acknowledging that it was a cover song, and credited Reznor for writing it. [[WordOfGod Oddly enough, Reznor doesn't exactly mind the confusion]]. Although Reznor still plays "Hurt" in NIN concerts to this day, he was so thoroughly impressed by Cash's cover, he outright stated, "[Hurt] is Johnny Cash's song now."
* At least one cover of "Tainted Love" is clearly a cover of the Music/SoftCell version, rather than TheSixties original.
* There are some who reckon that "You'll Never Walk Alone" was written by Liverpool FC supporters, not realising that in fact it's the closing number of ''Theatre/{{Carousel}}'' by Creator/RodgersAndHammerstein.
* Few people realise that "Hey Joe" from ''Music/AreYouExperienced'' by Music/JimiHendrix was a cover of a TimHardin song -- which was ''itself'' a cover of a song by The Leaves. (And that's simply the earliest known version. It's likely much older.)
* The Uncle Remus stories written by Joel Chandler Harris were later displaced by the Disney adaptation ''Disney/SongOfTheSouth'', which itself is more famous for the fact that, since the 1980s, Disney has suppressed the film because of racial sensitivity. The Oscar-winning song from the film, ''Zip-a-dee Do-dah'', however, has outlived both the film and the Harris stories.
* There are people out there who are unaware of "I Will Always Love You" being a Music/DollyParton song before it was covered by Music/WhitneyHouston for the 1992 blockbuster hit ''Film/TheBodyguard''. Even though Parton's version was only a number-one single ''twice''.
* There are also people out there who are much more familiar with Bananarama's "Venus", instead of the early '70s version by Music/ShockingBlue from their album ''Music/AtHome''. Similarly, Nirvana's cover of "Love Buzz" from ''Music/{{Bleach}}'' is probably better known than Shocking Blue's original on ''Music/AtHome''.
* Music/{{Nirvana}} sang "Where Did You Sleep Last Night" during their famous ''Unplugged'' performance in the '90's and it ended the show so well that Cobain refused to play any more songs, convinced he couldn't top it. Unless they've checked Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} or paid close attention during the performance, any random person would likely think it was written by Music/KurtCobain; it had previously been a success for Music/{{Leadbelly}}, and his wasn't the first version either. It's also called "In the Pines" or "Black Girl", and it dates back to roughly the 1870s.
** The same happened with Music/DavidBowie's "Music/TheManWhoSoldTheWorld". That was the title track of his 1970 album, but it was not a big hit at the time. Not long after Nirvana's ''Unplugged'' appearance, Bowie made the song a staple of his concert setlists (at a time when he was eschewing his bigger hits) and bemoaned the fact that when he performed it he would encounter "kids that come up afterwards and say, 'It's cool you're doing a Nirvana song.' And I think, 'Fuck you, you little tosser!'"
* The song "One Night In Bangkok" was a hit in the 1980s, and is one of the prototypical examples of songs from that era. Few people realize it's from a rock opera, ''Theatre/{{Chess}}'', and fewer still realize it's probably the least plot-critical song -- simply summarizing the petulant singer's walk around Bangkok when he gets frustrated in a chess match. Though ''Chess'' has been rewritten extensively in its many stagings, this song is the only one all but certain to remain in for its popularity alone.
* Music/GioachinoRossini's "William Tell Overture" is arguably his most famous piece, but has long since become more known in the United States as Franchise/TheLoneRanger's theme.
* Not counting devoted folk-blues fans, few people seem to realise that "The House Of The Rising Sun" is a very old traditional. Most people who are aware of the song at all seem to think that the [[Music/TheAnimals Animals]] version is the "original".
* Typically Tropical's smash hit "Barbados" has been obscured almost completely by the Venga Boys' cover, which substituted Ibiza for Barbados as the singer's destination.
* You know ''Liebestraum No. 3'' by Music/FranzLiszt, that extremely famous piano piece that's on all the "Piano Favorites" collections? It's actually a transcription of Liszt's song ''O lieb, so lang du lieben kannst,'' which was originally for voice and piano. Same goes for the Petrarch Sonnets found in the second book of ''Années de pèlerinage''. Today, the piano versions are extremely famous, whereas the original songs are barely known.
* More people know ''Here Comes the Bride'' as a "trad." instrumental tune played at weddings than as a chorus from ''Theatre/{{Lohengrin}}'' by Music/RichardWagner. (You sometimes even see it listed as "traditional" in film soundtrack credits).
* The song "Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps" has been covered by a number of english musicians such as the band Cake, Doris Day and the Pussycat Dolls, but few people seem to know that it was originally written in Spanish, composed by Cuban musician Osvaldo Farres. The song was first adapted into English by Joe Davis.
* The [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egpwnugdm8s MK Nocturnal Dub]] (and the slightly edited Dub of Doom) remix of The Nightcrawler's "Push the Feeling On" (with its characteristic indecipherable resampled vocals) completely outshone the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4tZiThZPdE original]] lyrical version, and all later remixes were therefore based on it. This occurs alot in dance music, where a sometimes completely different remix ended up eclipsing the original, such as Age of Love's "The Age of Love (Jam & Spoon Remix)", Music/{{Underworld}}'s "Born Slippy (NUXX)", Brainbug's "Nightmare (Sinister Strings mix)", Art of Trance's "Madagascar (Cygnus X remix)", and Ayla's "Ayla (Taucher mix)". Can also happen with [[SofterAndSlowerCover softer and slower versions]], such as the unplugged versions of DJ Sammy's "Heaven" and DHT's "Listen To Your Heart" (covers of Bryan Adams and Roxette, respectively).
* Music/LutherVandross's famous hit "A House Is Not A Home" was originally a song by Dionne Warwick.
* Animotion's song, Obsession, was actually a cover of a song of the same name by Michael Des Barres and Holly Knight released one year prior.
* Many, many operas are based on stage plays or novels which are now largely forgotten.
* Most Australian's will recognise "Waltzing Matilda" as the quintessential Australian song, often used to identify the country when the national anthem is not appropriate. Less common but still fairly well known is that it was originally a poem by Banjo Patterson (it helps that he also helped write the song). What isn't widely known in Australia is that the tune is older, based on a Scottish folk song ''Thou Bonnie Wood of Craigielea'' and can cause a bit of surprise when it shows up in works that have nothing to do with Australia.
* ''The First Time I Ever Saw Your Face'' is universally associated with Music/RobertaFlack. She originally recorded it in 1969 and it reached the top of the charts in 1972. What is generally forgotten is that the song was written in 1957 by British political songwriter Ewan [=McColl=]. The Roberta Flack version is much slower paced and somber than the original and can be seen as a definite improvement, however.
* This even happens to fan music. The ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' song "Discord" was originally made by Odyssey Eurobeat a.k.a. Eurobeat Brony. Three months after it was released, it was remixed by The Living Tombstone. The remix has overshadowed the original so much that most bronies seem to believe that Tombstone wrote the song.
* Music/PinkFloyd actually managed to displace ''their own song''. Their half studio/half live album Music/{{Ummagumma}} has four live tracks- three of which were on previous albums- and a fourth ("Careful With That Axe, Eugene"), which was an obscure B-side. The track became a fan favorite, but due to the rarity and obscurity of the original studio release of "Eugene", the live version is far better-known even among fans of the band.
* Ask any Colombian about the song ''Baracunátana'' and they will promptly tell you that is a song by the band Aterciopelados. Not too many know that it was originally sung, with slightly different lyrics, by folk singer Lisandro Meza.

[[folder:Displaced by Theater]]
* Almost all of Creator/WilliamShakespeare's plays were based on earlier sources.
** ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet''
** ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'' was originally the Italian short story "A Moorish Captain" by Cinthio, in which Disdemona [sic] is the only named character. Compared to the original, Shakespeare's version was very FairForItsDay.
** ''Theatre/MeasureForMeasure'' is from Cinthio's work: "The Story of Epitia"; and also some borrowing from George Whetstone's ''Promos and Cassandra''.
** ''Theatre/AllsWellThatEndsWell'' is from a short story in ''Literature/TheDecameron'' (day 3, story 9).
** ''Theatre/AsYouLikeIt'' is based on Thomas Lodge's "Rosalynde, Euphues' Golden Legacy", which in turn was derived from "The Tale of Gamelyn", wrongly attributed to Chaucer and printed in some editions of ''Literature/TheCanterburyTales''.
** ''Theatre/TheComedyOfErrors'' is based on an Ancient Roman play, Creator/{{Plautus}}' ''Menaechmi''.
** Averted by ''Theatre/TroilusAndCressida''. Not even Shakespeare can beat ''Literature/TheIliad''.
* This happened to Shakespeare himself at least twice.
** Nahum Tate's rewrite ''The History of King Lear'' (1681), which returns to the more upbeat ending of the original source material and pairs Edgar off with Cordelia, displaced Shakespeare's version until the nineteenth century.
** George Granville's ''The Jew of Venice'' (1701) was almost as successful. It displaced Shakespeare's ''The Merchant of Venice'' for most of the eighteenth century.
* ''Theatre/ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' musical has displaced [[Literature/ThePhantomOfTheOpera the original Gaston Leroux novel]] in the minds of many. And also -- though not quite to so grotesque an extent -- [[Film/ThePhantomOfTheOpera1925 the silent Lon Chaney movie]], which was relatively faithful to the book. Other movie and stage adaptations have long faded from public consciousness thanks to the Andrew Lloyd Webber version.
* Rodgers and Hammerstein's first two musicals, ''Theatre/{{Oklahoma}}!'' and ''Carousel'', are legendary works of American theatre, whereas the plays on which they are based, ''Green Grow the Lilacs'' and ''Liliom'' (by renowned playwright Ferenc Molnar), are all but unknown in America. In Europe, ''Liliom'' is more popular than ''Carousel''.
* The operatic adaptations of ''Theatre/TheMarriageOfFigaro'' and ''Theatre/TheBarberOfSeville'' are both far better-known than the Beaumarchais plays that they're based on. Also that the Rossini version of ''Barber'' is at the second (popular) version. Which makes sense if you consider that he wrote his opera 30+ years after Mozart wrote the sequel. Rossini's version completely displaced the earlier opera treatment of the same play by Paisiello; which makes the attempts by Paisiello's admirers to wreck it by disrupting its first performance appear HarsherInHindsight.
* The famous opera ''Theatre/PorgyAndBess'' was faithfully adapted from a once-famous play called ''Porgy'', which itself was adapted from a novel of the same name. [=DuBose=] Heyward wrote or helped write all three.
* Colm Wilkinson, who starred in ''Theatre/LesMiserables'' on Broadway and the West End, has spoken publicly about his shock at people who didn't know the musical was based on [[Literature/LesMiserables a novel]]. Creator/LiamNeeson, while working on the [[Film/LesMiserables1998 1998 film version]], was reportedly annoyed with all the people asking him if he was going to sing.
** Even fewer people are aware that the book is partially based on real history - there really was a student-inspired republican rebellion in France in 1832, sparked by the death of General Lamarque.
*** Locally averted in France, where Les Misérables as a musical is only mildly known (even though the original one is French as well. Films with Gabin or Depardieu are better known anyway) but the book is still considered a monument of national literature and a must-read for anyone with half a brain.
* The famous ballet ''Theatre/TheNutcracker'' is actually based on [[Literature/TheNutcracker a book]] with a slightly different plot and a different backstory for the Nutcracker himself. The ending is also different -- many productions of the ballet have Clara awaken at the end to learn it was AllJustADream, whereas the book ends with Marie discovering that it was all real and [[ThePowerOfLove her love for the Nutcracker breaking his curse]]. Some productions of the ballet actually include elements of the original ending anyway; Mark Morris' tongue-in-cheek SettingUpdate ''The Hard Nut'' spends much of the second act telling said backstory.
* Puccini's opera ''Theatre/LaBoheme'' has handily displaced Henri Murger's novel ''Scènes de la Vie de Boheme'' (interestingly, there was a rival operatic adaptation by Ruggiero Leoncavallo, composer of ''Theatre/{{Pagliacci}}''; this is also forgotten). It, in turn, is probably displaced with the masses by ''Theatre/{{Rent}}''.
* David Belasco's once-popular plays ''Theatre/MadameButterfly'' and ''TheGirlOfTheGoldenWest'' have been displaced by Puccini, as has Victorien Sardou's play ''Theatre/{{Tosca}}''.
* The musical ''Theatre/MyFairLady'' is much more popular than the original ''Theatre/{{Pygmalion}}'' - not surprisingly due to its InNameOnly inspiration and its decidedly unromantic DownerEnding.
* Maurine Watkins' play ''Theatre/{{Chicago}}'' was highly acclaimed when it was first produced in 1926, but now remembered only as the source of the musical adaptation written half a century later.
* The musical ''LittleMe'' seems to be better known than the Patrick Dennis book it was based on -- which is somewhat odd considering that the show was neither a Broadway hit nor made into a movie.
* Before ''Theatre/{{Kismet}}'' became a musical, it was a play by Edward Knoblock popular enough to have been filmed more than once. Since "Stranger in Paradise", the non-musical original has been forgotten. The melody for "Stranger in Paradise" comes from the "Polovtsian Dances" from Alexander Borodin's opera ''Prince Igor''. While the opera itself is fairly obscure, the Polovtsian Dances are a popular symphonic favorite - but people still always think of the melody as "Strangers in Paradise".
** And other tunes in the show are also pillaged from Borodin's portfolio, including his 2nd Symphony ("Fate"), his ''String Quartet No. 2'' ("And This Is My Beloved") and ''In The Steppes of Central Asia'' ("Sands of Time").
* ''Theatre/HelloDolly'':
** It is only arguably more popular than Creator/ThorntonWilder's play ''Theatre/TheMatchmaker'', but that in turn was a revision of Wilder's earlier play ''The Merchant of Yonkers'', which was adapted from a 19th-century Austrian farce.
** And many fans of ''WesternAnimation/WallE'' are unaware that the latter's title music is from ''Hello, Dolly!'' -- even though the relevant clip is included in the movie.
* Many people have seen ''Theatre/GuysAndDolls''; few today have read any of Creator/DamonRunyon's stories.
* Georges Bizet's popular opera ''Theatre/{{Carmen}}'' was originally based on a novel by Prosper Merimee.
* Though [[Literature/{{Wicked}} the book series]] is still popular, most people when they hear ''Wicked'' think of the musical first. Due to [[Literature/{{Wicked}} the book]] being much DarkerAndEdgier, most fans of the stage show haven't read it, and many aren't even aware of its existence.
* Trivia clue for ''Theatre/{{Aida}}'': "Disney musical by Elton John and Tim Rice". The actual source material Disney bought the rights to was a picture book written by Leontyne Price, most famous for portraying the title character of the original Verdi opera.
* ''Theatre/LittleShopOfHorrors'' is remembered as [[Film/LittleShopOfHorrors a film adaptation]] of an off-Broadway musical by Alan Menken and Howard Ashman, but few remember that the musical was in fact based on [[Film/TheLittleShopOfHorrors a (non-musical) comedy]] made in TheSixties.
** Similarly, the original 1988 film version of ''{{Hairspray}}'' is seldom remembered.
* Before the 1954 play, the 1956 film, and the 1985 TV movie remake, ''TheBadSeed'' was originally a novel by William March.
* Music/GiuseppeVerdi's opera ''Theatre/LaTraviata'' is based on the novel/play ''LaDameAuxCamelias'' by Creator/AlexandreDumas, fils.
* ''Theatre/TheThreepennyOpera'' has become considerably more popular than the 18th-century ''[[Theatre/TheBeggarsOpera Beggar's Opera]]'' it was based on.
* So maybe [[Film/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet the film]] hasn't completely displaced the musical, but how many people knew that everyone's favorite AxCrazy barber SweeneyTodd originated in ''The String of Pearls'', a serialised of penny dreadful novel from Victorian England? Even the musical's immediate source material, a play by Christopher Bond, is obscure in comparison.
* More people will be familiar with ''Theatre/TheRingOfTheNibelung'' by Music/RichardWagner than will have read either of the medieval works on which it is based, the ''Literature/{{Nibelungenlied}}'', the ''Literature/{{Edda}}s'' or the ''Literature/VolsungaSaga''.
* Everyone knows ''Theatre/{{Cabaret}}'' either as a stage musical or a film. People familiar with the film often forget that the original Broadway version was not choreographed by Creator/BobFosse, didn't use the {{Movie Bonus Song}}s that revivals often insert, had a slightly different plot and presented some of the songs in different contexts. Many people will be aware that it was VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory, but few have read the original novella, ''Goodbye to Berlin'' by Christopher Isherwood. ''Cabaret'' itself was based on a previous non-musical theater adaptation, ''I Am a Camera'', and ''that'' has been quite decisively displaced.
* ''Theatre/TheMousetrap'', the play by Creator/AgathaChristie is much better known than "Three Blind Mice", the short story it was based on, which in turn was based on a radio play also called "Three Blind Mice". This is because, since DoNotSpoilThisEnding is SeriousBusiness for the play, "Three Blind Mice" has not been reprinted (or rebroadcast) for 60 years. At least, not in the UK.
* Modern opinion of ''Literature/UncleTomsCabin'' - particularly the titular Uncle Tom - has been strongly tainted by minstrel shows and early cinema based on those shows. Whereas the original book was about the horrors of slavery, and Uncle Tom died refusing to give up the location of two escaped slave women, the stage shows and movies whitewashed the harsher aspects of slavery and {{flanderized}} Uncle Tom's passivity into outright cowardice. (As you probably guessed by now, the pejorative use of [[NWordPrivileges "Uncle Tom"]] stems from the shows, not from the books).

[[folder:Displaced by Toys]]
* Two of the most important Hasbro franchises did this (both cases are toy displaced by other toy):
** The well-known 3 3/4[=''=] Franchise/GIJoe figures took their name from an old 12[=''=] figure (in fact, the first action figure). Even odder, the "original" GI Joe (the one from the 12[=''=] line) actually appeared as a character in the 3 3/4[=''=] line named Joseph Colton. The toys themselves were named after the 1945 film ''Film/TheStoryOfGIJoe'', which they have by now thoroughly displaced.
** Franchise/{{Transformers}} began as a reuse of the molds for the Takara collections Diaclone and Microman. The original Diaclone collection was about piloted mecha, while the Transformers took the MechanicalLifeforms approach we all know.

[[folder:Displaced by Video Games]]
* The vast majority of 1980s arcade games are displaced by any adaptations or sequels on home consoles. This is rather understandable: When was the last time you saw a functional 1980s or 1990s arcade game anywhere?
** Anyone here know or remember that the original ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong'' has a 4th level? Probably not, since when Nintendo has the game pop up, they use the NES version that left off the Pie Factory level (the 2nd level).
** Most people seem to think the NES version of ''VideoGame/BubbleBobble'' (that is also out on Virtual Console) is the original. There was an arcade version, and it didn't include a compulsory crystal ball.
** ''VideoGame/{{Contra}}'' and its sequel, ''Super Contra'', were originally arcade games that were adapted to the NES. The NES versions were more successful than the coin-op versions, and all the subsequent sequels were released specifically for home consoles.
** The arcade version of ''VideoGame/{{Gradius}}'' was released in North America and Europe under the name of ''[[MarketBasedTitle Nemesis]]'', while the NES version kept the original title. This led many fans to believe that its NES conversion is the very first title in the series. ''Gradius III'' is a similar case; the Super NES conversion is far more well known than its NintendoHard arcade counterpart, though said arcade original did have a prior American release to ''Collection'', in ''Gradius III & IV'', which was released in 2000.
** ''VideoGame/PunchOut'' started as an arcade game which even had an arcade sequel titled ''Super Punch Out!!'' Most players are more familiar with the console versions, ''Punch Out!!'' for the NES and ''Super Punch Out!!'' for the SNES, both which were completely different games from their arcade counterparts. Even the [[http://punchout.nintendo.com/ official site]] for ''Punch Out!!'' for Wii doesn't acknowledge the arcade games.
*** Which is bizarre not only because these games not only introduced many of the opponents, but the entire Title Defense level, which is nothing more than a souped-up version of the "Top Ranked" matches you had after winning the championship.
*** Also, the original NES release was a MikeTyson property. As he was not only the final boss, but his name shared the title. For whatever reasons (Their contract ended, Nintendo not wanting to promote a man who bites another man's ear off) subsequent virtual console releases had him replaced completely.
** The NES version of ''VideoGame/SuperDodgeBall'' is a cult classic, with most people not even aware that it was based on an arcade game of the same name.
** Most people who know both the NES BeatEmUp ''[[VideoGame/KungFuMaster Kung Fu]]'' and ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfKage'' have no idea they were both originally arcade releases.
** As little as it's remembered today, ''VideoGame/LegendaryWings'' is much more known for its NES port (who made quite a few changes to scenery and gameplay) than its arcade original.
** ''VideoGame/KickleCubicle'' was based on an arcade game which had identical gameplay but a completely different plot.
** The NES version of ''VideoGame/BionicCommando'' displaced the arcade version, which had a rather bizarre aesthetic and no sign of ThoseWackyNazis.
** ''VideoGame/DuckHunt'' predated the NES, appearing in a double unit with another light gun game, ''Hogan's Alley''.
** ''VideoGame/MightyBombJack'' started life as an arcade game before being ported to the NES.
* ICOM's adventure games ''VideoGame/DejaVu'', ''VideoGame/{{Uninvited}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Shadowgate}}'' are most widely known in their NES forms, though they were all originally for the {{Macintosh}}.
* ''VideoGame/InsanelyTwistedShadowPlanet'' was based of a series of network bumps for Creator/{{Nickelodeon}} that were aired during the Halloween season.
* Whenever somebody mentions playing ''VideoGame/{{Warcraft}}'', most people would automatically assume this being ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' MMO, not one of several RTS games preceding it that, you know, actually were called simply ''Warcraft''.
** {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d by Blizzard during one of their [[AprilFoolsDay April Fool's]] jokes. They proudly announced the creation of the new RTS game ''Warcraft: Heroes of Azeroth'' and proceeded to list details and show screenshots of ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII''. Needless to say, not everyone got it.
** Even the MMO game doesn't escape this fate in concern with the popularity and characterization of a few of its characters. Jaina Proudmore will be remembered ([[FanonDiscontinuity or referred to be so by a majority of fans]]) as a peace-loving mage instead of the massive [[TookALevelInCynic cynic]] warlord in the current game thanks to ''VideoGame/HeroesOfTheStorm'' while [[AscendedExtra Valeera Sanguinar]], [[GameBreaker Dr. Boom]] and [[BreakoutCharacter Jaraxxus]] will have more fan works focus on their portrayal in ''VideoGame/HearthstoneHeroesOfWarcraft'' rather than their (admittedly minor) role in the game or the expanded universe.
* Many have played the ''VideoGame/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'' games without ever knowing they were based on a comic series. Others are only aware of the cartoon series. With the more recent games, many players might not even be aware of the older adventure game adaptation ''Sam & Max Hit the Road'' (it also helps that [[KeepCirculatingTheTapes Hit the Road has never gotten another re-release in America aside from the CD-ROM re-release in 1995]] until 2014 when the game was re-released on GOG).
** In one conversation in ''VideoGame/PokerNight2'', it seems that Sam ''himself'' doesn't remember being in comics, making this an in-universe example.
* Seemingly very few on the internet know that there was an original ''Literature/RainbowSix'' novel.
* ''VideoGame/RagnarokOnline'', popular MMORPG. Not many people are aware that it was based off of the {{manhwa}} ''Manhwa/{{Ragnarok}}''.
* The ''VideoGame/HeroesOfMightAndMagic'' turn-based strategy series are far more well-known than ''VideoGame/MightAndMagic'', the RPG series they were spun off from.
** And how many people have heard of ''VideoGame/KingsBounty'', the original TBS that wasn't set in the ''Might And Magic'' universe?!
** After ''Kings Bounty'' got a remake by 1C/Katauri, many players of the new games were surprised to learn they were based on such an ancient DOS game.
* Few ''Wangan Midnight Maximum Tune'' players are aware that it is based on the still-running manga series ''Manga/WanganMidnight''. Most think it's the other way around.
* Even less players have heard of the original ''WanganMidnight'' arcade game, released in 2001 and published by the same publishers of ''Maximum Tune'', as well as its update ''Wangan Midnight R''. These two games, however, bear little resemblance to the ''Maximum Tune'' series; they play more like the ''Tokyo Xtreme Racer''/''Shutokou Battle'' series, in that you and your opponent have {{life meter}}s, an unusual feature in a racing game.
* The cult UsefulNotes/GameBoy RPG ''Videogame/MagiNation'' was made to advertise a card game made during the TCG fad. The game is more fondly remembered then the cards.
* While quite a few fans of the ''VideoGame/{{Persona}}'' video game series know that it is a spin-off of the ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' series, some of them do not know that ''Shin Megami Tensei'' is itself a ContinuityReboot of another RPG series (''Megami Tensei'') that was in turn based off the ''Literature/DigitalDevilStory'' novel series. In fact, the Megaten games that were released before ''VideoGame/ShinMegamiTenseiIIINocturne'' and ''VideoGame/{{Persona3}}'' have struggled to find mainstream popularity outside of Japan, and all Megaten releases prior to ''VideoGame/ShinMegamiTenseiI'' (including the original ''Literature/DigitalDevilStory'' novels) are so obscure that they will likely never receive an official English release, leaving it to fan translators to make the works accessible to Western audiences. The fan translations themselves have gone with mixed results, with some projects being complete, and others more or less orphaned.
* Some gamers may suspect that the UsefulNotes/XBox version of the ''VideoGame/NinjaGaiden'' series is having this effect upon the original NES series, especially in terms of their NintendoHard reputations. Whether or not this is true, both have certainly displaced the original, almost completely unrelated BeatEmUp arcade game from everyone's mind.
** The arcade and NES versions of ''Ninja Gaiden'' were made simultaneously, but they don't really have much in common other than the main character in both games being a ninja.
* Any song that gets covered on a ''Dance Mania'' album and brought into ''VideoGame/DanceDanceRevolution'' (Konami relies on the ''Dance Mania'' series for much of its licensed songs). And for that matter, any song that gets ported from another Bemani series into ''DDR'' gets mistaken as a song that debuted in ''DDR''.
* Many have no idea about the ''VideoGame/{{Gauntlet}}'' series prior to ''Gauntlet Legends''.
* Ditto ''VideoGame/Xenon2Megablast''. It consigned the original to a reasonable obscurity.
* ''Parasite Eve'' was a [[Literature/ParasiteEve 1995 novel]] by Hideake Sena, then a [[Film/ParasiteEve 1997 movie]], ''then'' a [[VideoGame/ParasiteEve 1998 Squaresoft Action RPG]].
** The Squaresoft game(s) are sequels to the novel, while the movie is an adaptation.
** However, it's worth mentioning that one of the reasons it's relatively unknown outside of Japan is because [[NoExportForYou they weren't released outside of Japan for awhile]]. The 1995 novel was actually not published in English until ''2007''. It's pretty rare.
* Marth is far better known in the West for [[MarthDebutedInSmashBros appearing]] in ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros'' than for being the star of his [[VideoGame/FireEmblemAkaneia own game]]. As such, outside of Japan, he is more associated with [[VideoGame/FireEmblemElibe Roy]] and [[VideoGame/FireEmblemTellius Ike]] who aren't in the [[NonLinearSequel same universe as him]] rather then characters from his own games such as [[CrutchCharacter Jeigan]], Caeda, and Ogma.
** Then, once Marth got a game released in the west, it did very poorly and people still don't realize he's in a seperate game from the other Fire Emblem characters. Like the fact that he speaks a different language doesn't tip anyone off.
* Similar to Marth, Morrigan Aensland is starting to be far better known for appearing in ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom'' than ''VideoGame/{{Darkstalkers}}''. The fact that there hasn't been a ''Darkstalkers'' since 1997's ''Vampire Savior'' probably contributes to this.
* Captain Falcon from ''VideoGame/FZero'' is better known in ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros'' than his own series, thanks to the Falcon Punch. Aside from the fact that F-Zero hasn't had a new game since 2004, not many people know about what Falcon himself is like in that series itself. In fact, people ''want'' the Falcon Punch to appear in an F-Zero game.
* ''VideoGame/ZeroWing''. Many forget that the Sega Genesis version was actually adapted from an arcade game (which ''didn't'' feature the infamous "AllYourBaseAreBelongToUs" intro... but had its [[http://www.vgmuseum.com/end/arcade/c/zerow.htm own screwed up ending]]), and ''everyone'' forgot that there was a [=TurboGrafx=]-CD port (which had a completely different plot). Interestingly, this also ends up doubling as a TranslationTrainWreck displacement, as while both the arcade's ending and the Sega Genesis intro are horribly translated, it is the latter that is widely remembered as a meme.
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Strider}} Strider Hiryu]]'' is a subversion, since it was actually a three-way collaboration between Capcom and manga studio Moto Kikaku. Moto Kikaku artist Tatsumi Wada drew the manga version, which was published first in 1988, while Capcom produced two separate video games for the project: an NES version which more or less followed the manga ([[NoExportForYou but oddly enough never came out in Japan]]), and an arcade version which deviated from the other projects completely in terms of story. A common misconception is that the manga was made first without any intention of turning it into a game, but this really wasn't the case at all.
** In the case of the ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom'' series, this is played straight. Several people from the FightingGame [[UsefulNotes/FightingGameCommunity community]] (mainly true for North America) are only familiar with Hiryu from said series and have never heard of his games ''or'' manga and [[IAmNotShazam exclusively call him "Strider"]], [[MillionToOneChance almost never referring to him as "Hiryu"]]. This also applies for VideoGame/CaptainCommando, [[VideoGame/{{Cyberbots}} Jin Saotome]], and all other Capcom characters whose games didn't gain mainstream success.
* Not even the Marvel characters are safe in the ''Marvel vs. Capcom'' series. This goes straight into MarthDebutedInSmashBros territory for the Japanese audience, as many western comic books (Marvel or otherwise) weren't published in Japan. In that case, several Marvel characters are best remembered as video game characters for many in the aforementioned country.
** And in the west, some of the lesser known characters like [[ComicBook/XMen Marrow]], [[ComicBook/DoctorStrange Dormammu]], and ComicBook/{{Taskmaster}} will be remembered for their inclusion in the ''[=MvC=]'' series than their comic appearances. The same goes for [[ComicBook/GuardiansoftheGalaxy Rocket Raccoon]] and you better believe several people have seen him in ''Film/GuardiansOfTheGalaxy'' and said something like "There's that raccoon from ''Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3''!"
** Do you remember [[DimensionLord Shuma-Gorath]]? Do you remember him in a medium that ''doesn't'' involve [[VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom Shoryukens]]? He was originally an enemy of Comicbook/DoctorStrange, and in fact hadn't been seen in six years before ''VideoGame/MarvelSuperHeroes''.
*** Shuma-Gorath's a strange example, he was originally from a short story for the 'Kull' series, but the short story was unpublished. When they published it after the author's death, it was adapted into the Dr. Strange series.
* ''Manga/{{Area 88}}'' is a Displacement Food Chain; it started off as a manga, which got adapted into a somewhat more well-known anime, which got adapted into the kinda-more-well-known arcade game (the international title, ''U.N. Squadron'', only made the connection between the games and the manga/anime even more obscure), which got adapted into a well-known SNES port.
* ''[[ComicBook/{{Turok}} Turok, Son of Stone]]'' was a comic book in the 1950s, alongside such other well-known Gold Key titles as ''ComicBook/DoctorSolar: Man of the Atom'' and ''The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor''. Creator/ValiantComics got hold of a load of Creator/GoldKeyComics properties in the 1990s, and relaunched Turok as ''Turok, Dinosaur Hunter''. In 1997, a video game was released based on this incarnation. The ''VideoGame/{{Turok}}'' series of games is now much better known than either comic book version.
* ''Anime/{{Little Nemo|Adventures in Slumberland}}'' isn't one of the most well-known animated films, but the game ''VideoGame/LittleNemoTheDreamMaster'' resided in many an NES of people who'd never even seen the cartoon. It's likely that few fans of the cartoon ([[InternationalCoproduction which was a Japanese/American co-production]]) know that it was originally a comic strip in the first decade of the 20th century.
** The situation became more confusing when the video game was released in America ''before'' the movie was released (even though the movie was released first in Japan and is what the video game is based on).
** And like the ''Manga/{{Area 88}}'' example mentioned above, there was an arcade version of ''Little Nemo'' (simply titled ''VideoGame/{{Nemo}}'') that came out before the NES version.
* ''VideoGame/{{Metro 2033}}'' is an interesting (North America only) case. It's not so much that the book is less well known, but that it was never released in the U.S. until 2013.
* Most people didn't really notice that the obscure SNES platformer ''DinoCity'' is based on the MadeForTVMovie ''Adventures in Dinosaur City''.
* ''VideoGame/TheDarkness''; depending on the circles you orbit in, you may encounter people who are either unaware [[ComicBook/TheDarkness the comic]] exists besides the unlockables in the game, or unaware it came ''first''.
* The original ''VideoGame/NeverwinterNights'' was a {{M|assivelyMultiplayerOnlineRolePlayingGame}}MORPG on America Online that was operational from 1991 to 1997, and used SSI's "VideoGame/GoldBox" engine. The 2002 game by Creator/BioWare is much better known now.
** Notable especially is that the original was the first modern MMO, predating ''VideoGame/UltimaOnline'' by several years. Previous games in similar veins were typically text-based, with few or no graphics and little depth in comparison to [[EasternRPG console]] and [[WesternRPG computer RPGs]] of the same timeframe.
* The original ''Videogame/{{Tetris}}'' was released on an UsefulNotes/{{Elektronika60}} in 1985, followed by a release on [[UsefulNotes/IBMPersonalComputer IBM computers]] (as well as every other HomeComputer in existence). However, it wasn't until the UsefulNotes/GameBoy version, released in 1989, that most fans around the world got into ''Tetris''.
** This also started the phenomenon of the melodies of ''Korobeiniki'' and ''Dance of The Sugar-Plum Fairy'' being "[[PopCulturalOsmosis Tetris Themes]]"...
* ''Franchise/SuperMarioBros'':
** A subversion: the UsefulNotes/NintendoEntertainmentSystem was a success in North America because of the popularity that the arcade version of ''[[VideoGame/SuperMarioBros1 Super Mario Bros.]]'' (''Vs. Super Mario Bros.'') enjoyed. Nowadays, not many people are aware that ''Super Mario Bros.'' had an arcade port.
** And if they're aware that ''VideoGame/{{Super Mario Bros|1}}.'' was itself a sequel, it's probably only because the original ''VideoGame/MarioBros'' is a frequent minigame/easter egg in other games.
** How many people realize that, before he got his own game series, Mario debuted in ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong''?[[note]]Not helped by the fact that in this incarnation he was known as Jumpman.[[/note]] Or that in this version, he was a carpenter rather than a plumber?
** The version of Bowser's battle theme found within ''VideoGame/SuperMarioRPG'' is more well known than the version of the exact same song it's originally based upon (his battle theme from ''VideoGame/SuperMarioBros3'').
* ''ThunderForce II'' was originally released on the SharpX68000, ''then'' ported to the UsefulNotes/SegaGenesis / UsefulNotes/MegaDrive. Many people think it's the other way around.
* One of the designers for the arcade ''SpyHunter'' deliberately took the theme music from ''PeterGunn'', an old, obscure detective show, most likely to stave off any "ripoff" (or worse, copyright) issues. The game became so popular that the song is now far more closely associated with ''Spy Hunter'' than ''Peter Gunn''.
* Subverted by the original ''[[VideoGame/MetalGear1 Metal Gear]]''. The NES version was the only one available in North America for many years and the fact that it was a port of an [=MSX2=] game wasn't even common knowledge prior to the release of ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid''. Since then, Creator/HideoKojima has saw fit to release the original [=MSX2=] games in various formats (most notably as {{embedded precursor}}s in ''[[VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence]]''), whereas the NES ''Metal Gear'' (and its sequel ''[[VideoGame/SnakesRevenge Snake's Revenge]]'') had never been properly reissued since their original releases,[[note]]except for a limited edition of ''Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes'' for the [=GameCube=] released only in Japan, which included a bonus disc featuring the Famicom ''Metal Gear''[[/note]] not even on the Virtual Console.
* A lot of people are familiar with the game ''VideoGame/TheWitcher'', but not with the series of fantasy novels it is based on, which weren't released in English until after the game became successful.
* Only the most avid of fans of the Sinclair UsefulNotes/ZXSpectrum computer are aware of the fact that the ''VideoGame/{{Bomberman}}'' franchise started on this computer in 1983 (actually, this version was concurrently released on various Japanese computers), with a rather different look from the iconic NES version. Not even most of them realise that in the same year, on the same platform, Hudson tried out the concept that was to become ''VideoGame/{{Pang}}'' (as ''Bubble Buster'').
* ''VideoGame/Wolfenstein3D'' (1992) is widely known as "the first FPS" (it's not), but a lot fewer people are familiar with ''VideoGame/CastleWolfenstein'' (1981), an Apple II game that might be considered the first stealth-based game.
* One of the biggest complaints about the ''Re-Shelled'' edition of ''[[VideoGame/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesTurtlesInTime Turtles in Time]]'' were the omission of numerous stages and bosses from the SNES version of the game. However, the ''Re-Shelled'' version was actually based on the original arcade game and the "missing" stages and bosses were simply extra stuff added to the SNES port.
* ''VideoGame/ChaosLegion'' is an obscure enough Hack-and-Slasher by itself, but is apparent based on an even more obscure series of light novels.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Valis}}'' series was originally released for various PC platforms, but the series did not gain its cult following until the second game was ported to the [[UsefulNotes/TurboGrafx16 TurboGrafx-CD]]. Oddly, the NoExportForYou TGCD port of the first game wasn't made until after the fourth game, which (save for a watered-down SNES version) didn't make it overseas either.
** ''VideoGame/{{Ys}}'' was another UsefulNotes/PC88 game series which gained a cult following only with the [=TurboGrafx=]-CD ports.
* ''[[Literature/GreenSkyTrilogy Below the Root]]'' is the best-known of the Windham Classics games and a minor CultClassic among platform gamers. The books it was based on (and is the canonical sequel to, making it possibly the first of its kind) are terribly obscure and were out of print for years.
* ''Franchise/MonsterInMyPocket'' was originally a line of toys, but nowadays, it's more well known as a classic NES game.
* Once upon a time, a webcomic called ''Prodly the Puffin'' was created as a parody of ''Webcomic/PokeyThePenguin''. The webcomic is long since gone, but an InteractiveFiction [[http://twinbeardstudios.com/118_prodly-the-puffin adaptation]] of it has lasted better.
* The NES version of ''Nuts & Milk'' displaced the original version for the UsefulNotes/{{MSX}}, UsefulNotes/PC88 and other Japanese computers, which plays quite differently and in Japan is largely ignored.
* ''Soulcalibur'' was only meant to be the sequel to ''Soul Edge'' (''Soul Blade'' for home release) but ended up [[VideoGame/SoulSeries becoming a series]]. This meant that only a few people know about ''Soul Edge/Blade'' due to it not being a numbered entry in the series.
** Because all of the games after the original ''Soulcalibur'' had "Soulcalibur" in the title, most people think that it is the name of the franchise; it is actually the ''Soul'' series.
* Few people remember that a game called ''{{VideoGame/Starsiege}}'' was the foundation for the ''{{VideoGame/Tribes}}'' franchise. Fewer remember that ''Starsiege'' was a sequel to the ''[=EarthSiege=]'' games.
* ''[[VideoGame/JojosBizarreAdventureHeritageForTheFuture Jojo's Bizarre Adventure]]'' for the UsefulNotes/SegaDreamcast was released in America before the [[OriginalVideoAnimation OVA]] ever made it Stateside. Most people either: A) Think that the [=OVA=] is based on the game, or B) Only know of the Dreamcast game.
** This goes even deeper than the OVA. To start, 2 versions of the game were released for the arcade. First, there was ''Jojo's Venture'' back in 1998 and its UpdatedRerelease ''[=JoJo=]'s Bizarre Adventure: Heritage for the Future'' in 1999. The Dreamcast game contains both of them. With that said, the [=OVA=] was released for the States in 2003 and as for the Part 3 manga ''Stardust Crusaders'' which these video game and the OVA are based on? It wasn't released stateside until ''2005''. So understandably, there were people back in the late 90s/early 2000s who didn't know that these aforementioned games were actually {{Licensed Game}}s based on the 3rd arc of a {{long runn|ers}}ing, NoExportForYou [[Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure manga series]]. Every now and again, you'll have someone suggest Jotaro, DIO, or any other character featured in them to appear in an upcoming VideoGame/CapcomVsWhatever title, falsely thinking that they're owned by Capcom.
* The 1997 Macintosh RPG ''VideoGame/TaskMaker'' is an adaptation of an obscure 1993 black-and-white Mac RPG of the same name, which itself was adapted from a tabletop RPG. What little fans the obscure 1997 version has probably know it only by that version, and not its predecessors.
* The obscure Dreamcast game ''Stupid Invaders'' was actually based on the also-obscure cartoon ''WesternAnimation/SpaceGoofs'' (or ''Home to Rent'' as it was known in the UK).
* The ''VideoGame/MechWarrior'' game series is part of the ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'' franchise, which began as a tabletop wargame. When ''MechWarrior Tactics'' was announced as an online adaptation of the tabletop game, complete with hexmaps and turn-based gameplay, there were immediate complaints that the game was "not real ''MechWarrior''."
* ''VisualNovel/CrossChannel'' was displaced by the Flash game ''VideoGame/NanacaCrash'' Why? ''Cross Channel'' was a Japanese-only [[{{Hentai}} H-game]][=/=]VisualNovel until its FanTranslation in 2009. Fans didn't need to read Japanese to play ''Nanaca Crash''!
* It's exceedingly common to see ''VideoGame/HarvestMoon'' fans who are unaware that ''Friends of Mineral Town'' is essentially a port of ''Back to Nature'' with some new features, 2nd graphics, and slight characteriation changes. Likewise fans forget of ''VideoGame/HarvestMoon64'' - many a fan were confused why Ellimin ''Tree of Tranquility'' was a baker, not a nurse - and the ones who don't probably haven't played it.
** ''VideoGame/HarvestMoonOriginalSeries'' and ''Save the Homeland'' are both black sheep in the franchise, played by few fans compared to other titles, so it's common for people to miss all the MythologyGag's in ''Magical Melody'' and think the characters are original.
* The UsefulNotes/PlayStation game ''VideoGame/AirCombat'' is considerably better known than the original arcade version or its sequel ''Air Combat 22'', to the point most online ''VideoGame/AceCombat'' retrospective don't bother to mention the series' arcade origins.
* ''AudioPlay/DiabolikLovers'' is more well known for its series of visual novels than the Drama [=CDs=] that spawned them.
* Few seem to remember that ''Prince of Stride'' was originally a series of {{Light Novel}}s and Drama [=CDs=] before its PS Vita adaptation. In fact, some news sources implied the opposite, despite the fact that the franchise couldn't release all of its content within the short time span of the game's distribution.
* ''Spectre'' from the SNES is quite well-known for being one of the only fully-3D games on the system, but not many know that it was a Macintosh port.

[[folder:Displaced by Web Animation]]
* The ''WebAnimation/{{Arfenhouse}}'' series of Flash cartoons is based on [[VideoGame/{{Arfenhouse}} a series]] of four video games that parody badly-made GameMaker games.
* Quite a few western fans of ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' discovered the [[StupidStatementDanceMix music remix videos]] before learning of the original series of BulletHell games.
* A rare ''self-inflicted'' example. ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'' is one of the most successful web animations ever, and it started out as a children's picture book. References to that book appear in some animations.
* Ask anyone if they've seen ''WesternAnimation/TheModifyers'' and they'll probably answer: 'never heard of it'. But ask if they've seen the ''"[[ParallelPornTitles The Modi]][[FanFilm fuckers]]"'' and they'll be like: 'Oh yeah, that porn flick with the hot goth chick!' That's because the show only aired half an episode before it was dropped by Creator/{{Nickelodeon}}, then later pitched to Creator/CartoonNetwork, only to be dropped again. The only reason most people know it ever existed, is because it was unofficially [[{{Parodied}} adapted]] into [[RuleThirtyFour a 7min. porn short]] [[WeirdAlEffect that became more well-known than the show itself.]]

[[folder:Displaced by Webcomics]]
* A minor case, but though the characters of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyI'' had no defined personality apart from their character class, the work of webcomic ''Webcomic/EightBitTheater'' has largely determined their roles in any future parody.
* Likewise, ''WebComic/BobAndGeorge'' has done the same thing for ''VideoGame/MegaManClassic'', to the point where certain fan-characters are often mistaken for canon, and a good chunk of the fandom takes the "Zero kills everyone" version of the end of the Classic timeline as fact, despite its {{fanon}} status and WordOfGod later [[{{Jossed}} debunking]] it.
* Many people don't realize that ''WebComic/PastelDefenderHeliotrope'', a webcomic that defines TrueArtIsIncomprehensible, was based on a light-hearted, straightforward ''[[Literature/TheAdventuresOfPinocchio Pinocchio]]'' story for the Kamishibai program that Reitz and her husband produced. It's quite jarring for those few souls who read the Kamishibai story first and then tried to read the webcomic.
* Though this [[Administrivia/TropesAreFlexible stretches the definition]] of "adaptation" a little, ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'' is probably much better known for being a ''web''comic than it ever was as the ''print'' comic it began its life as. Taking it to an online format from a relatively indie comic book publishing operation has greatly expanded its audience, such that only a small amount of its followers started following it when it was print-exclusive.

[[folder:Displaced by Website]]
* ''Magazine/{{Cracked}}'' was a humor magazine [[FollowTheLeader trying to copy the success]] of ''Magazine/{{MAD}}'', and while it proved to be the longest-lasting of the many ''MAD'' imitators, never did match ''MAD's'' success, and eventually faded in relative obscurity in 2007... but not before launching ''Website/{{Cracked}}.com'', which became the most visited humor website in the world and is generally what people mean when they mention ''Cracked'' nowadays.

[[folder:Displaced by Web Video]]
* While ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'' is much more well-known than its modernised adaptation ''WebVideo/TheLizzieBennetDiaries'', the AdaptationNameChange of Mr Darcy's first name into William has caused some fans to believe this was his name in the original, thanks to the novel [[LastNameBasis almost never mentioning]] that his first name is actually Fitzwilliam. Although lots of fan fics did use William prior to this adaptation.
* [=FimFlamFilosophy=], the man behind ''WebVideo/MyLittlePonyTheMentallyAdvancedSeries'', mentioned in this [[http://www.dawnsomewhere.com/2013/04/20/site-neglect/ blog entry]] that so many people have seen ''Rainbow Dash Presents: Captain Hook the Biker Gorilla'' (a comedic adaptation of the grimdark fanfic ''FanFic/RainbowFactory'') that some people believe that he created the concept, to the point of accusing Aurora Dawn (the writer of Rainbow Factory) of stealing the idea from him. [=FimFlaFilosophy=] is trying to rectify that by linking to the original fanfic and crediting Aurora Dawn when characters that originated from that fic are used in future works (such as the character Aurora in the short "Investment Losses").
* There are several Youtube 'lyric' videos of the theme song to ''Series/TheGreatestAmericanHero'' titled as ''"WebVideo/TheCinemaSnob theme."''

[[folder:Displaced by Western Animation]]
* The '80s ''WesternAnimation/{{Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles|1987}}'' cartoon is vastly more familiar to the public than the [[Comicbook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesMirage original black-and-white comics]]. An example of this is that in every ''Turtles''-related review by WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic, he constantly criticizes an adaptation for not being "faithful" when its actually using something from the ''comic'' instead of the '80s series (such as his constant complaints about April's lack of yellow jumpsuits in the films, or that Judith Hoag looks nothing like April, when her portrayal did in fact resemble the original comic's version).
** This was taken into account by the creators of the second film who originally intended to stick closer to the comics and have the mutagen be the creation of a brain-like alien race called the Utroms. Professor Perry, who still appears in the movie as the man who created the mutagen, was going to be revealed as the last Utrom still on Earth. However, the cartoon featured a villainous alien brain named Krang who bore a strong physical resemblance to the Utroms but little else. Since the movie was being marketed to fans of the cartoon, the Utrom subplot was ditched because of concern that viewers would assume the brain was Krang.
** Splinter's backstory. In the original comics, he was the pet rat of a murdered human ninja who was later mutated into a rat humanoid form. In the '80s cartoon, he's a human ninja mutated into a rat. All other adaptations stick to the original backstory, yet the '80s cartoon version [[PragmaticAdaptation worked so well]] that people who were first introduced to the turtles by the cartoon (which until the release of the equally successful 2003 cartoon, meant most people) tend to reject Splinter's origin out of hand when they see it in the later adaptations as "stupid", not realizing it is in fact his original backstory.
** The [[WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2012 2012 cartoon]] does go back to his 1987 cartoon origins.
*** A very localized ''Turtles'' example: Creator/RogerEbert, in his reviews of the original two ''Turtles'' movies, refers to the Turtles as being from a Nintendo game with no mention of the comics and TV series that pre-dated the NES video game. This confusion likely stems from his review of ''Film/TheWizard'', a movie that references (well, okay, let's face it, advertises) the NES ''Turtles'' game. This was likely the only exposure Ebert had to the Turtles before seeing the movie.
* In the case of ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'', it depends on where you live. In the U.S. and the U.K., the cartoon is still remembered, while the [[Creator/CarlBarks comics]] it was based on have mostly fallen into obscurity. In many other countries, however, Disney comics, especially those by Creator/CarlBarks and Creator/DonRosa, are still widely popular, much more so than the cartoon. Especially in Northern Europe, namely the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Germany. Up to the point that ''Duck Tales'' comics were released to promote the show and they flopped because kids didn't get why the continuity was all different from normal Disney comics.
* Before ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'' was a cartoon, it was a series of children's books by Marc Brown. Which is strange since after every episode you're told to visit your local library for more Arthur adventures. Before the Arthur cartoon, Bionic Bunny was Brown's first picture book.
* Many people know about the cartoon series ''WesternAnimation/TheMagicSchoolBus'' than the picture books it was based on.
* Then there's ''WesternAnimation/LittleBill'', which was heavily advertised as being created by Creator/BillCosby, but many people didn't know it was for the fact that he created the original series of picture books, not the actual show.
* ''ComicStrip/USAcres'' (A.K.A. ''Orson's Farm''), the middle segment on ''WesternAnimation/GarfieldAndFriends'' was actually based on a short-lived comic strip Jim Davis did during the 1980s.
* Ace the Bat-Hound was a Franchise/{{Batman}} supporting character in the [[UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks Golden]] and [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver ages]]. However, many more people remember Ace as Ol' Bruce Wayne's dog from ''WesternAnimation/BatmanBeyond''. And some people are surprised that the mask-wearing incarnation of Ace, Krypto, Streaky, and the Dog Stars (originally the Space Canine Patrol) weren't all made up for the ''WesternAnimation/KryptoTheSuperdog'' cartoon.
* You'd be surprised to know how many people are unaware that the ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'' franchise originates from the toys, and not the 1980s cartoon. The cartoon was actually made to promote the toys.
* ''WesternAnimation/ACharlieBrownChristmas'' has arguably begun to overshadow everything else in the ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'' universe, including the actual newspaper strip, which is ironic because most of the special's dialogue is taken verbatim from the strip. For example, a lot of people think that Linus is supposed to have a lisp because his ''ACBC'' voice actor Christopher Shea happened to have one. This even carried over into the 1999 Broadway production of ''You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown''.
* Many people are familiar with [[Creator/RankinBassProductions Rankin Bass]]' stop-motion animation classic ''WesternAnimation/RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer'', and more are familiar with the song by Johnny Marks. But many don't even remember the original story/poem by Robert May that inspired both the song and the special.
** And almost ''nobody'' remembers that the character was originally created for an old Montgomery Ward ad campaign.
* Similarly, many people are familiar with the Rankin/Bass animated adaptation of ''WesternAnimation/TheYearWithoutASantaClaus'', but have never heard of the original poem it was based on. Wikipedia doesn't even ''have'' an article about the original book.
* Speaking of Christmas specials, while the animated version of ''WesternAnimation/HowTheGrinchStoleChristmas'' hasn't exactly displaced [[Literature/HowTheGrinchStoleChristmas the book]] (this partly is because Creator/DrSeuss is one of the most famous authors of children's books in the world) try to find anyone who can read the book to themselves and ''not'' hear Creator/BorisKarloff narrating it. Or remember Creator/ChuckJones' animation of the Grinch's expression during the "awful idea" more so than the lower-key one in the book. Notably, the original book was entirely pen-and-ink, with red highlights. The Grinch wasn't even green until the animated version came out, but now [[LostInImitation nearly everyone knows he's supposed to be]].
* Relatively few people are familiar with the classic ''WesternAnimation/SpaceGhost'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Birdman}}'' and ''[=SeaLab=]'' cartoons. More people are familiar with the Williams Street productions that took those characters and turned them into something ''completely'' different.
** Which is especially odd as these shows completely reuse the animations of the original cartoons.
*** Vindicated outside of younger generations of the Internet. Looking at parent company's WB's marketing, it appears the Adult Swim shows are pretty much bargain priced with a few now OOP, while the original Hanna Barbera sets are still in print. Hammering home that some of this displacement came from the fact when these shows were new, a lot of older people weren't using the internet as much for younger people to have noticed.
** Averted with ''Film/{{Birdman}}'', which many mistook for an adaptation of ''Attorney At Law'', or possibly a reboot of the original show. The film's Birdman is an unrelated CaptainErsatz of Batman, used as a meta-commentary on Creator/MichaelKeaton's post-''Batman'' career.
* In ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' comics, Ms. Gsptlsnz, extradimensional paramour of [[GreatGazoo Mister Mxyzptlk]], appeared during UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|OfComicBooks}} comics. However, she was so obscure that even [[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} That Other Wiki]] erroneously reported her as [[CanonForeigner a creation]] of ''WesternAnimation/SupermanTheAnimatedSeries''.
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{WITCH}}'' TV series is much better known in the U.S. and U.K. than the comics, though the comics are well-known elsewhere.
** This is probably because the U.S. publisher Hyperion didn't release the comics as such at first, but rather novelizations of the comics, with a few pages from the respective comic bookending the text. As with the animated series, Hyperion only got as far as the Nerissa's revenge arc (total run: 26 volumes). (They did eventually release graphic novels, essentially two comics per book, only getting as far as the 8th volume).
* While (one hopes) most people realize that Franchise/{{Batman}}'s sidekick Comicbook/{{Robin}} originates in comic books, many fans of the animated ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'' don't realize that the rest of the show's main characters, the team and its headquarters, most of the villains, and many of the plotlines on the show, as well as its title, [[Comicbook/TeenTitans originated in comic books as well]]. The show's heavy [[{{Animesque}} anime-inspired style]] may play a role to this. As the series progresses, however, this becomes increasingly less likely. Several characters are implied to be sidekicks as well (most notably Speedy, Aqualad, and Kid Flash), and more noticeably the entire final season of the show relies heavily on Beast Boy's backstory. Lampshaded when people react with surprise when they find out Beast Boy's been a member of a team previously, and apparently has more experience as a hero than anyone but possibly Robin. Possibly.
* One of the main criticisms of the animated special of ''WesternAnimation/GrandmaGotRunOverByAReindeer'' lies in the awkwardly implemented songs. The title song everyone is familiar with, but not so much the other Dr Elmo Christmas songs, believed by many to be written for the movie, when they're all just horrible covers not involving Dr Elmo despite him narrating the special and voicing Grandpa.
* The cartoon version of ''WesternAnimation/TheTick'' is vastly, overwhelmingly better known than [[ComicBook/TheTick the original black-and-white indie comic]].
* WesternAnimation/ThomasTheTankEngine is best known for its TV adaptation that's been running since the mid-1980s. Less well known outside the UK is that it was based on [[Literature/TheRailwaySeries a series of books]] that's been running since the ''mid-1940s''...
** It's sister show ''WesternAnimation/TheMagicAdventuresOfMumfie'' suffers this too-it's based off a children's book series that started all the way back in 1938, a few years before The Railway Series started.
* The ''Ben-10'' follow-up Creator/ManOfActionStudios created series, ''WesternAnimation/GeneratorRex'', is based on a fairly unknown and crazier comic from the same creative team titled ''M.Rex''. Considering the comic only lasted two issues, this can also be considered some ''serious'' AdaptationExpansion.
* ''WesternAnimation/MartinMystery'' is possibly best known for the WesternAnimation show, that is almost an InNameOnly version of the original comic ("almost" because they changed "Mystere" in "Mystery").
* "Isn't Destro supposed to be black?" is a common question asked by those who questioned the casting of Christopher Eccleston as Destro in ''Film/GIJoeTheRiseOfCobra''. In the original comic, he was Caucasian and a Scotsman. In [[WesternAnimation/GIJoeARealAmericanHero the memorable '80s cartoon]], he was voiced by African American actor Arthur Burghardt, hence the confusion.
* Who remembers that ''Josie and the Pussycats'' was a [[Comicbook/JosieAndThePussycats comic]] before it became [[WesternAnimation/JosieAndThePussycats the famous cartoon]]? Even more, who remembers that before the Pussycats, it was just Josie, and was basically a female ''Franchise/{{Archie|Comics}}''.
* ''Franchise/ThePinkPanther'' movies are very often displaced by the cartoons, to the point where people have complained about the 2006 movie being about an inspector instead of the panther. The Pink Panther mascot is actually a personification of a ''diamond'' within the series.
* Averted with superheroes, as their animated and live-action adaptations may be more famous in-and-of-themselves, most people at-least realize that superheroes generally get their start in comic books.
* The original Symbiote arc in Spider-Man was almost indistinguishable from future versions, as the costume was portrayed as nothing more than a parasite that unknowingly sapped energy from Peter, slowly weakening him. However, all subsequent adaptations have taken more from the ''WesternAnimation/SpiderManTheAnimatedSeries'' version where the costume actually increases his powers and brings out his dark side, as well as establishing Eddie Brock as a character before revealing him as Venom.
* The WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes 'Goofy Gophers' are well known for their excessive politeness to each other - "After you!" "No, after ''you!''" - known more than early 20th-century comic strip duo 'ComicStrip/AlphonseAndGaston' who established the routine.
* More people are familiar with the ''Bucky O'Hare'' animated series than [[ComicBook/BuckyOHareAndTheToadWars the comic book it was based on]] (probably because it was originally just a back-up strip in an anthology book).
* WesternAnimation/TheCrampTwins isn't exactly a well-known cartoon nowadays, but even fewer people know that it started out as a series of books during the mid-1990s.
* ComicBook/TheQuestion has gone through [[DependingOnTheWriter a lot of interpretations:]] extreme borderline-JerkAss objectivist avenger in the early Creator/SteveDitko comics, mellowing out under Denny O'Neal into a Zen-like investigator, eventually becoming cheerfully fatalistic before [[LegacyCharacter passing on his name to Rene Montoya.]] However, the most famous one by far is ''[[WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague Justice League Unlimited]]''s take of a LighterAndSofter [[ComicBook/{{Watchmen}} Rorschach,]] voiced by Creator/JeffreyCombs and obsessing over shoelaces.
* ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'': The few American or English people who have heard of this are either thinking of the god-awful game, or the pretty decent AnimatedAdaptation.
* Obscure Canadian stop-motion series Wapos Bay was based on a series of books, but few fans of the series know that.
* Played straight with ''Literature/{{Redwall}}'' as many viewers had never even heard of the books. (Even today many seem ignorant that the books even exist) But also averted as the show caused book sales to skyrocket.
* Heathcliff is best remembered through the Creator/DICEntertainment series ''WesternAnimation/HeathcliffAndTheCatillacCats'', though it had been running as a comic strip since 1973.
* Creator/ElzieSegar originally created ComicStrip/{{Popeye}} as a bit player in his comic strip ''Thimble Theater'' (which originally starred Olive Oyl). He was slowly groomed to be more of a hero to where he was the strip's star and eventually was featured in a WesternAnimation/BettyBoop cartoon before getting his own theatrical series. Today, Popeye is more associated with the cartoons than the ''Thimble Theater'' strip.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheBoondocks'' and ''[[WesternAnimation/TheDrinkyCrowShow Drinky Crow]]'' are probably much better known as Adult Swim cartoons than as comic strips -- it doesn't help that ''ComicStrip/TheBoondocks'' was pulled by some newspapers after Aaron [=McGruder=] criticized UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush (and never returned, even after public opinion towards Bush had changed), and the strip ''Drinky Crow'' is based on, ''Maakies'', mostly runs in small alternative papers.

[[folder:Displaced by Merchandising]]
* Most Brits, and many from further afield, will be familiar (perhaps overly so) with Quality Street sweet assortments. Far fewer will be aware that the brand name, along with the scene depicted on the packaging, were taken from [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality_Street_(play) a play by J.M. Barrie]], written three years before he wrote ''Literature/PeterPan''.
* ''Ride/DisneyThemeParks''
** Thanks to Creator/{{Disney}} [[KeepCirculatingTheTapes suppressing the source material]], few people realize that the ''Splash Mountain'' ride is actually inspired by ''Disney/SongOfTheSouth''.
** Also, there were probably more people familiar with ''Mr. Toad's Wild Ride'' (before it closed down) than ''Literature/TheWindInTheWillows'' segment of ''Disney/TheAdventuresOfIchabodAndMrToad'' ... which was adapted from the novel ''Literature/TheWindInTheWillows'', naturally.
* It's often believed that the Coca-Cola Company created the modern image of Santa Claus in his red-and-white garb, displacing [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RbUVKXdu4lQ earlier portrayals]]in which he wore other colours (green was a favourite) and styles of outfit, but this is only an urban legend; depictions of Santa in his red suit existed long before Coke thought up their ad campaign.
** SantaClaus himself is an adaption of the Dutch and Flemish holiday figure {{Sinterklaas}}, which is based on the Catholic St. Nicolas.
** The red outfit comes from the red vestment of a Latin Catholic bishop, which most Western European portrayals of St. Nicholas show him in. But this ignores that St. Nicholas was a Greek bishop and Greek bishops do not wear red. (And who knows what 3rd century bishops wore anyways.)
*** A solemn statue of St. Nicholas donated by the Russian Orthodox Church, where the saint is still widely revered as a religious figure, was literally replaced in the main square of Demre, formerly Myra, Turkey, the saint's home town, by a statue of the commercialized and Americanized Santa Claus.
* WesternAnimation/BettyBoop. She's been quite popular with merchandise however most people that like her have only seen her in animation once, in ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit''.
* Intentionally invoked in a Denny's commercial. A girl tells her grandmother that Denny's has a Hobbit Menu. The grandmother responds, "I know. Apparently, they based an entire movie off of it," causing many of the restaurant's other customers, dressed in costumes, to turn around and look at her.
* The goddess Nike from [[Myth/ClassicalMythology Greek Mythology]] is far less well-known than the sportswear brand named after her. One humorous fantasy story mentioned her founding the brand in order to remain relevant in the modern world.
* [[https://www.pallas.com.my Another sportswear brand]] followed suit, using another name from the same mythology, Pallas. Like the aforementioned Nike, Pallas is more known for being a shoe brand rather than the name of a deity.
* The "Frente para la victoria" political party of Argentina created the "Nestornauta", an image of the president Néstor Kirchner wearing the hazard suit of ''ComicBook/ElEternauta''. The image became very popular, and many ignored that it was based on a comic book.

[[folder:Displaced by All of the Above]]
* Not many people read Creator/HPLovecraft, but you'll find references to his work everywhere.
** [[EldritchAbomination Cthulhu]] is [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/cthulhu_doll.jpg a geek cultural symbol]]. In fact, a lot of people are under the impression that Cthulhu is not a creation of Lovecraft, but an actual mythical being from an ancient religion. Within Lovecraft's actual works, he's pretty insignificant, appearing in only one story and not holding a particularly high position in the pantheon. Some don't even realize he's copyrighted, which leads to some issues.
** Many authors have used Lovecraft's mythos, which he encouraged, to the point that many readers might be more familiar with stories and content that was created by other people.
** The Necronomicon was a fictional book merely cataloguing the monstrosities in Lovecraft's mythos. It's been so widely used as a literary reference, however, that people have made real life versions (including a visual one that inspired the ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'' movie franchise), and some amateur "occult experts" treat these as a serious work on demonology.
* The popularity of superhero movies versus the relative obscurity of the comics they were inspired by was {{lampshade|Hanging}}d (in an exaggerated manner) in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
-->'''Bart:''' Excuse me, I just heard that before Franchise/SpiderMan was a [[Film/SpiderMan1 movie]], it was a comic book. Is that possible?
* This happens to nearly ''any'' given comic book character, as the general public doesn't read comics. People know that A-list characters like Franchise/SpiderMan, Franchise/{{Superman}}, Comicbook/CaptainAmerica, and Franchise/{{Batman}} are from comic books, but chances are that they grew up knowing them from some other form of media, such as live-action films and animated series. The American comic book market decayed heavily in the '90s and never came back to its former glory despite many sucessful and hundred-million dollars grossing adaptations after the 2000, the main comic book publishers are much more valuable nowadays due to the adaptations than the comics themselves.
** However, C-list and D-list characters get hit with this ''hard'', to the point that people will think they're {{original character}}s for whatever they're appearing in. Take Armor for example. She's the psionic armor girl from that ''Anime/XMen'' anime. ComicBook/TheQuestion? That's the weird faceless dude from ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeagueUnlimited''. ComicBook/{{Taskmaster}} is definitely that [[Franchise/MastersOfTheUniverse Skeletor]] wannabe that "debuted" in ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom3'' and [[ComicBook/TeenTitans Beast Boy]] is that green kid from the ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'' [[{{Animesque}} cartoo... anime]]? Anyway, those 4 characters [[BlatantLies never appeared in anything else before]], ''[[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial especially]]'' [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial comic books]]. With that said, you'll find several displaced comic book characters in the above folders.

[[folder:Displaced in Real Life]]
* Hydrox cookies are the original mass-produced chocolate-and-cream sandwich cookie, predating Oreos by a couple years. Most people think Hydrox cookies are the knockoff.
* The Czech Budweiser beer are sold as Czechvar in the U.S., even though it predates American Budweiser, which is made by another company entirely. It's Budvar in the UK. It seems to be Budweiser ''everywhere'' in mainland Europe.
** Mainly as the UK secured an opt out from the EU regulation granting sole recognition of the term Budweiser to the Czech company in a similar manner to Champagne. Notably it's been shifting that way in the UK as well- the American version is increasingly referred to even in official advertising as "Bud."
**In some countries, like Sweden, it's possible to find both versions in the same shop. The American version is the most famous, however.
* Neufchatel cheese is often marketed in America as reduced-fat Philadelphia cream cheese, even though Philadelphia cream cheese was created as an imitation Neufchatel.
* More people have probably heard the wordless chorus from the song ''Centerfold'' by Music/TheJGeilsBand chanted by football supporters than have heard the actual song.
* Almost nobody seems to be aware of the fact that Toys/BeanieBabies are not the only plush line created by Ty, Inc. They had stuffed toys in 1986, ''seven years'' before Beanie Babies existed. Many of the SpinOff lines (Pillow Pals, Attic Treasures, Beanie Buddies, etc.) are also relatively unknown.
* Since language is a living entity, old language is displaced by new all the time. It's a byword (and frequent complaint in some quarters) that [[HaveAGayOldTime the 1900 New York criminal-classes meaning of "gay" has become the common one, displacing the previous meaning of "happy"]] (which might cause some Creator/AgathaChristie readers to wonder why she "so often wrote about homosexuals"). Likewise, in the 1990s "sad" came to mean "stupid" (though fortunately this meaning didn't catch on).
** An amusing example of this form of semantic drift is that the original word referring to a woman's makeup table has shifted so dramatically that it now refers to a different piece of furniture, with a different function, in another room of the house. This gets rather jarring when reading stories that take the original meaning, and have women stepping out for the night in style by splashing themselves with toilet water (now known as perfume).
*** ...which is less jarring for people who know the perfume jargon, since "toilet water" (or rather its French name, ''eau de toilette'', as well as counterparts in many other languages) is part of a "perfume scale", with perfume itself being the most concentrated form of fragrance (save for "pure fragrance", such as rose petal oil), followed by ''esprit de parfum'', perfumed water, toilet water and cologne.
* Everyone who started using the Internet after the mid-1990s seems to think that the Web and the Internet are synonymous.
** Although, people who used MSN may know that the program would often still work even when you couldn't connect to the Internet in your browser.
* Have you heard of Japanese singer/voice actress Fujita Saki? If you're in the {{anime}}-watching crowd you might know [[Manga/{{Working}} her]] [[Manga/YuruYuri roles]], but if you aren't, you will probably only know her as the person whose voice is the base for the virtual diva [[Music/{{Vocaloid}} Hatsune Miku]], if you know her at all.
* The Tandy 1000 was designed as a clone of the [[UsefulNotes/IBMPersonalComputer IBM PCjr]], but by the time it reached the market the [=PCjr=] had become an Edsel-class fiasco. The Tandy 1000 succeeded where the [=PCjr=] failed, and later PC clones that featured similar graphics and sound capabilities were commonly called "Tandy-compatible."
* The word 'Caesar' has been displaced several times. Originally it (as with all Roman third names) was a nickname to distinguish between two or more people with the same first two names. Gradually these nicknames became part of a person's family name. For the first five Roman Emperors, Caesar was their family name. However, subsequent Emperors simply called themselves Caesar anyway, until it gradually simply became a way of addressing the Emperor (like 'Your Majesty'). Later monarchs simply adapted into their language and made it synonymous with the term Emperor (e.g. Kaisar, Kaiser, Tsar, Czar).
** Similarly, the term 'Emperor' comes from the Latin 'Imperator' which simply refers to the commander of any Roman army, not the entire armed forces (and, before that, simply anyone who gave orders, its literal meaning being "orderer"). The term 'Prince' comes from the Latin 'Princeps' which is usually translated as 'Chief' but in the context of the early Emperors meant 'First Citizen' - a role analogous to President or Prime Minister.
** As anyone knows who saw ''WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}}'' or the last interview Keith Floyd did before he died, "Chef" (or ''Chef de Cuisine'' in the original French) means the person who ''runs'' a kitchen (it has the same root as the English "chief"); someone who just works in a kitchen is a cook.
* The Inquisition was neither a Spanish invention nor was it exclusive to Spain. UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition is actually 300 years younger than the first Medieval Inquisition created by the Papacy in 1184 to root out the Cathars from southern France. Also, ''inquisition'' was not the name of the institution (that was ''Sanctum Officium'' or ''The Holy Office'') but rather the description of their work, i.e. investigation (cf. the adjective 'inquisitive'). The officials themselves were officially tasked with 'inquisitio haereticae pravitatis' (investigation of the heretical subversions) and thus the common name stuck.
* The swastika symbol is almost universally associated with [[WorldWarTwo the Nazis]] in much of the modern world. Many uneducated tourists who visit parts of Asia are shocked to see the swastika adorning ancient temples or even homes, not realizing that it is an ancient spiritual symbol that was stolen and perverted by others in relatively recent times.
* France's famous tricolore flag was initially designed as a compromise for a constitutional monarchy regime - the Parisian revolutionaries had used the red and blue flag of the city as their emblem, and moderates had introduced the central white band to represent the Bourbon Monarchy. Nevertheless, the tricolore is almost universally seen as the principal symbol of French republicanism.
* Dark chocolate predates milk chocolate, and drinking chocolate long predates all solid chocolate, but to most people, 'chocolate' will mean solid milk chocolate.
* There is an island in Greece called Lesbos, which used to be a city state of some import in ancient times and the term "Lesbian" originally referred to its resident (and still does). The modern use of the term is associated with ancient (probably) Lesbian (in both senses) poet Sappho: to whit, when Sappho was originally called a "Lesbian" poet, the reference was to the place of her origin, not her sexuality. Without knowing much about the island, the term "Lesbian" came to be associated with her sexuality. Nowadays, most people are surprised that there is an island and not all Lesbians are homosexuals.
* Linux for a lot of younger users is synonomous with "UsefulNotes/{{Unix}}", which annoys a lot of BSD and Solaris admins. Linux doesn't even have any actual Unix code in it.