[[quoteright:319:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/wuther.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:319:Heathcliff, by Fritz Eichenberg]]

->''"I cannot live without my life! I cannot live without my soul!"''

''Wuthering Heights'' (1847) was the only novel written by Creator/EmilyBronte (the middle Brontë sister), and an archetypal example of a Gothic Romance, which deals primarily with the cycle of abuse across generations.

It is 1801. The foppish gentleman Mr. Lockwood has moved to Thrushcross Grange, a manor house in the windswept and desolate Yorkshire Moors. He introduces himself to Heathcliff, his surly, ill-mannered and unwelcoming landlord, and master of the nearby Wuthering Heights. Forced to stay at Wuthering Heights overnight, Lockwood suffers a nightmare wherein the ghost of a young woman, named Cathy, desperately pleads to be let back into the house. Intrigued, disturbed, and also bedridden with a cold, Lockwood asks his housekeeper Nelly Dean to [[FramingDevice tell him the story of Heathcliff and Wuthering Heights]].

Nelly's story is one of a terrible, unchecked, all-consuming passion—that between Heathcliff, a mysterious foundling brought to Wuthering Heights as a child, and Catherine Earnshaw, his spoilt, flighty, and wild-spirited foster sister. The two became inseparable friends and later fell in love. Their love, though passionate, was cruelly thwarted by Hindley Earnshaw, Catherine's brother and Heathcliff's sworn enemy, who resented Heathcliff as an interloper in his father's affections and, upon inheriting the estate, spitefully turned Heathcliff into a downtrodden slave. Catherine's own desires for social mobility and class see her marry her decent and devoted, but seemingly weak, neighbour Edgar Linton, even as she insists that her one true love is and always will be Heathcliff. Heathcliff leaves Wuthering Heights in bitterness, only to return several years later, having made his fortune elsewhere and determined to crush those who thwarted his one chance at happiness—as well as all their relations.

Has been filmed several times. Possibly most notable is the 1939 version, directed by Creator/WilliamWyler, starring Creator/LaurenceOlivier as Heathcliff, Merle Oberon as Cathy, and Creator/DavidNiven as Edgar, with Music/AlfredNewman composing the score. A younger, pre-''Film/JamesBond'' Creator/TimothyDalton played Heathcliff in the 1970 film version. Also inspired the 1978 Music/KateBush song of the same name ("Heathcliff, it's me, I'm Cathy, I've come home..."), as well as an [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kqiUGjghlzU adaptation]] in ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'', Music/{{Genesis}}' album ''Wind and Wuthering'', which used a quotation from the book's ending for two of its song titles, Creator/{{MTV}}'s adaptation of their own with Heathcliff as a guitar-strumming song-writer pitted against classic cello-playing Edgar. And finally, let's not forget Music/DeathCabForCutie's "Cath...", which is fairly transparently based on ''Wuthering Heights'', but in their own style.

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!!Provides examples of:

* AdaptationDyeJob: Edgar is blond in the novel, but is played by the dark-haired Andrew Lincoln in the 2009 version.
* AdaptedOut: Mr. Lockwood in the 1970 and 2009 adaptations. The former only tells the first half of the book, while Catherine (II) is told the story by Nelly in the latter.
** The second half of the novel tends to be left out of earlier adaptations, such as the 1939 adaptation. This means such important characters as Catherine's daughter Cathy, Linton, and Hareton make no appearances.
* AllGirlsWantBadBoys: Deconstructed—the love between Catherine and Heathcliff is passionate but is between two people who are rather sociopathic and the fact they don't get a non-conforming HappilyEverAfter leads to nothing but the ruin of the lovers and almost everyone around them.
** Played more straight with Isabella's childish crush on Heathcliff, which she quickly gets over when she realizes what he's really like. Also, see DracoInLeatherPants on the YMMV page for more on these.
* TheAlcoholic: Hindley, to the point that it kills him before he's thirty.
* AmoralAttorney: A dying Edgar Linton sends for Attorney Green to ensure Heathcliff won't be able to touch his daughter's property. [[spoiler:He was too late; Heathcliff already had him in his pocket.]]
* AmbiguouslyBrown: Heathcliff's exact race is never explained; he is referred to as "dark" and a "gipsy." All we know is that he's not black-African or white-European; at one point Nelly fancifully speculates that he could be the son of the Emperor of China and an Indian queen.
* AmbiguouslyHuman: Heathcliff, often described as some kind of demon from hell.
** Some scholars speculate that Heathcliff is actually a vampire.
* AndNowYouMustMarryMe: Heathcliff forces Catherine (II) to marry his son Linton, so he can get her inheritance.
-->'''Heathcliff (2009)''': By this time tomorrow, I ''shall'' be your father. So you had ''better'' get used to appeasing me.
* AnguishedDeclarationOfLove: Cathy, in her famous "I ''am'' Heathcliff!" speech. Unfortunately it's also a LoveConfessor, as she doesn't make it '''to''' Heathcliff.
-->'''Cathy''': My great miseries in this world have been Heathcliff’s miseries, and I watched and felt each from the beginning: my great thought in living is himself. If all else perished, and ''he'' remained, I should still continue to be; and if all else remained, and he were annihilated, the universe would turn to a mighty stranger: I should not seem a part of it. —My love for Linton is like the foliage in the woods: time will change it, I’m well aware, as winter changes the trees. My love for Heathcliff resembles the eternal rocks beneath: a source of little visible delight, but necessary. Nelly, I ''am'' Heathcliff! He’s always, always in my mind: not as a pleasure, any more than I am always a pleasure to myself, but as my own being. So don’t talk of our separation again: it is impracticable; and—
* AsTheGoodBookSays: Joseph is an abrasive, Bible-thumping Calvinist.
* AssholeVictim: It's ''very'' easy to argue that Heathcliff's successful degradation of his former tormentor Hindley is well-deserved.
* AxCrazy: [[spoiler:Following his wife's death, Hindley becomes ''pretty'' unstable—attempting to murder his newborn son, later raving to Isabella about how he plans to kill Heathcliff, and even briefly threatening her as well.]]
* BadassBookworm: Edgar Linton, despite coming across as a nerd and a weakling, thrashes Heathcliff the one time they actually fight. Forever after, Heathcliff won't risk confronting him unarmed, even during the many long, solitary walks Edgar takes out on moors.
* BigFancyHouse: Thrushcross Grange. Wuthering Heights is more of a large farmhouse than an estate.
* BitCharacter: Lockwood doesn't do a whole lot in the story, despite being the narrator at the beginning and the end.
* BittersweetEnding: After having pretty much destroyed the lives of everyone around him,[[spoiler:Heathcliff is tired and tormented to madness by Catherine's ghost and anything that reminds him of her, so he lets himself die. So he and Catherine are finally TogetherInDeath as ghosts. Hareton and Catherine (II) are going to get married and they are now rich.]]
* BoomHeadshot: [[spoiler:Heathcliff in the 2009 version commits suicide this way, instead of his more mysterious death in the novel.]]
* BrainFever: Catherine Linton suffers this due to stress when Edgar and Heathcliff get into a fight. She never fully recovers her sanity.
* BreakTheHaughty: Happens to Cathy (II) after Mr. Lockwood leaves.
* BrotherSisterIncest: Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw are NotBloodSiblings but obviously LikeBrotherAndSister, thus giving their love affair an additional level of forbidden passion (not to mention slight awkwardness on part of the reader). See also SurpriseIncest below.
* ByronicHero: Heathcliff, though he's more a {{Deconstruction}} of one.
* TheChessmaster: Heathcliff on returning to the moors puts into action a plan to make Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange his own.
* ChildByRape: Though he is [[MaritalRapeLicense conceived within wedlock]], due to Heathcliff's relationship with Isabella, Linton was most likely one of these.
* CreateYourOwnVillain: Edgar and Hindley have no one to blame but themselves for molding Heathcliff into a monster... Not in a FreudianExcuse way, but in a morbidly ironic way. Though Hindley probably wouldn't have been so cruel to Heathcliff if his own father hadn't made it repeatedly obvious he preferred him to his son.
** And Edgar is never shown to do anything unpardonably awful to Heathcliff until after his marriage to Cathy, which is justified as Heathcliff was carrying on with both Edgar's wife and his sister, Isabella.
** Heathcliff tries to do this to Hareton, but ultimately fails.
* CreepyChild: The little girl (Cathy as a child) in Lockwood's nightmare.
* DeadGuyJunior: [[spoiler:The first Catherine's daughter]], since she dies shortly after giving birth.
* DefrostingIceQueen: Cathy (II) finally defrosts [[spoiler:with a little help from Hareton]].
* DeathByAdaptation: Type II (the character dies in the source material, but sooner in the adaptation): [[spoiler:Heathcliff is shot and killed by Hindley shortly after Cathy's (I) death in the 1970 film.]]
* DeathByChildbirth:
** Hindley's wife, Frances dies of [[IncurableCoughOfDeath tuberculosis]] complicated by the birth of her son Hareton. As soon as the baby is born, the other servants inform Nelly that she'll end up raising him because "the doctor says the missus must go." Frances was in denial about having consumption, but Nelly had noticed that, even as a new bride, she was easily winded and "coughed troublesomely sometimes."
** [[spoiler: Catherine dies immediately after giving birth to her daughter. She had already been ill with BrainFever for some time and had been starving herself out of distress over the acrimonious feud between Heathcliff and Edgar.]]
* DiedInYourArmsTonight:
** Frances dies in her husband Hindley's arms.
** In the 1939 film, [[spoiler: Cathy dies in Heathcliff's arms.]]
* DiesWideOpen: [[spoiler:Heathcliff]], much to Nelly's horror.
* DomesticAbuse: And the depressing reality is that Heathcliff's appalling treatment of his wife is, as he points out, perfectly within the tolerant limits of the law.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:Heathcliff]]. What exactly kills him remains a mystery, though.
** Played straight in the 2009 adaptation, where Heathcliff [[spoiler: shoots himself in the head with a pistol (the gun is seen to the upper left corner of the screen).]]
* DrowningMySorrows: Hindley takes up hard drinking after his wife dies for exactly this reason.
* {{Elopement}}: Isabella and Heathcliff run away together to be married, since Edgar would never have given his consent.
* EvilGloating: Heathcliff seems to relish monologuing about his {{Evil Plan}}s to Nelly.
* EvilOrphan: Heathcliff. His FreudianExcuse is relatively strong, but at any rate, he ends up an usurping beast of pure spite, and his intentions are just that.
* ExactEavesdropping: Subverted. Heathcliff does overhear a very important exchange between Catherine and Nelly, but leaves in a rage after only part of the conversation, and misses the more crucial piece of information. This leads to his mysterious disappearance and pretty much drives the entire plot from there on out.
* ExternalRetcon: There's a sequel to this called simply ''H'', which relates a letter that Heathcliff sent to Catherine; it arrived on her wedding day, but [[RonTheDeathEater that cruel, meddling Nelly Dean]] keeps it from its intended recipient. In the end, it relates Heathcliff's true heritage (brace yourself!): [[spoiler: [[LukeIAmYourFather He's the son]] of [[Literature/JaneEyre Edward Rochester and his first wife Bertha!]] Never mind that no estimation of when ''Jane Eyre'' occurs would allow for Rochester and Bertha to have been married in or before 1764, Heathcliff's estimated birth year. Very likely they weren't even born yet themselves.]]
* FaceHeelTurn: Played with. Heathcliff's nature is largely blamed on Hindley's bullying, Edgar's class prejudice, and Catherine's seeming rejection of him. However, looking back to Nelly's earliest accounts of him, there isn't anything the reader can point to and say he UsedToBeASweetKid. It was "hardness, not gentleness" that made him keep silent. And in one of the first recorded conversations between Heathcliff and Hindley, it is Heathcliff bullying Hindley by reminding him which of them is Mr. Earnshaw's favorite. Certainly while Heathcliff might not have turned evil with better treatment, he came into the family less than ideal.
* FacePalm: Heathcliff "struck his forehead with rage" after hearing Lockwood's raving account of his nightmares.
* FreeRangeChildren: Cathy and Heathcliff, particularly after Mr Earnshaw's death. Hindley couldn't care less about where they were and what they were doing. Until they got into trouble, that is.
* GenderFlipped: The BBC created a modern day adaptation of the book called ''{{Series/Sparkhouse}}'' in 2002, where the roles of Cathy and Heathcliff are gender flipped to Andrew and Carol, respectively.
* GenerationXerox: Heathcliff {{lampshades}} this about Catherine's daughter Cathy, his and Isabella's son Linton, and Hindley's son, Hareton.
* GenreDeconstruction: Of the "poor guy runs away, becomes rich and comes back for revenge" romance genre.
* GorgeousPeriodDress: The 1939 film moves the action forward from the late 18th century to the mid 19th century, because the latter period was all the rage in Hollywood films of the time (e.g. ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''). This allows Merle Oberon's Cathy to wear sumptuous hoop-skirt gowns once she becomes Lady Linton and there are ball scenes at Thrushcross Grange (no balls occur in the novel) that showcase the fashion even further. The 1940 film of ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'', also starring Creator/LaurenceOlivier, makes the same change too.
* HeWhoFightsMonsters: Heathcliff fought all his life to get even with the cruel, rich Hindley. By the end of it, Heathcliff is now the cruel, rich guy oppressing Hindley's son, Hareton.
* HeroicBSOD: Heathcliff has a very energetic form of this when he learns that [[spoiler:Catherine has died in childbirth.]] Specifically, he takes his anger out on a nearby tree. By smashing his forehead into it repeatedly.
* HolierThanThou: Joseph, who in Nelly's opinion only stays at Wuthering Heights so he can act sanctimonious in contrast to its inhabitants.
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Mr. Lockwood, who thinks Heathcliff is "a capital fellow." And Isabella, who thinks Heathcliff is is a good man to marry. Partially excusable by Heathcliff's Byronic personal magnetism.
* HowWeGotHere: The story begins with most of the events already taken place. The novel and many adaptations begin with Lockwood meeting the principle characters, seeing Catherine (I)'s ghost in a nightmare, and then learning the full story from Nelly Dean. However, a few adaptations simplify things by removing [[AdaptedOut Lockwood]] and framing the flashbacks in a different way:
** The 1970 film opens with Catherine (I)'s funeral, as Heathcliff watches from afar.
** The 2009 film opens first with Heathcliff haunted by Catherine (I) in his sleep, then as Linton is brought to Wuthering Heights by Edgar.
* IllGirl: Linton Heathcliff is a male version. Catherine and Frances Earnshaw also go through periods of long illness during the course of the book.
* ImColdSoCold:
-->'I heard distinctly the gusty wind, and the driving of the snow; I heard, also, the fir bough repeat its teasing sound, and ascribed it to the right cause: but it annoyed me so much, that I resolved to silence it, if possible; and, I thought, I rose and endeavoured to unhasp the casement....'I must stop it, nevertheless!' I muttered, knocking my knuckles through the glass, and stretching an arm out to seize the importunate branch; instead of which, my fingers closed on the fingers of a little, ice-cold hand! The intense horror of nightmare came over me: I tried to draw back my arm, but the hand clung to it, and a most melancholy voice sobbed, 'Let me in - let me in!' 'Who are you?' I asked, struggling, meanwhile, to disengage myself. 'Catherine Linton,' it replied, shiveringly....'I'm come home: I'd lost my way on the moor!'
* IncestSubtext: While the world may never know if Catherine and Heathcliff actually are both Mr. Earnshaw's children, the fact that they were raised together as brother and sister adds an element of this to their love.
* TheIngenue: Isabella Linton, who has no idea what she's getting into when she falls in love with the resident bad boy, Heathcliff.
* InnocentBlueEyes: Isabella, who is innocent of Heathcliff's true nature until she marries him and truly believes he is TroubledButCute. Cathy Linton notably ''doesn't'' have these eyes while she otherwise takes after her father's side of the family.
* ItIsDehumanizing: Heathcliff refers to little Linton as "it" and his "property" when they first meet. In her story, Nelly refers to the young Heathcliff as "it."
* {{Jerkass}}: Oh so many: Joseph, Hindley, Heathcliff, Catherine, Linton...
* KickTheDog: Or rather, hang the dog. Heathcliff does this to Isabella's dog out of sheer spite, though Nelly is able to rescue it.
* KissingCousins: Catherine (II) and Linton, then Catherine (II) and Hareton.
* KubrickStare: Heathcliff gives one to Catherine (II) when he returns to Wuthering Heights after digging up her mother's grave in the 2009 version. It leads directly into the flashback.
* LetMeTellYouAStory: Lockwood is told Heathcliff's story by Nelly to pass the time when he's sick.
** In the 2009 version, Catherine (II) is told the story by Nelly while the two are trapped by Heathcliff at Wuthering Heights.
* LetThemDieHappy: Catherine (II) lies to her father Edgar upon his deathbed, to assure him that she is happy with marrying Heathcliff's son Linton and he will protect her.
* TheLostLenore: Cathy Earnshaw/Linton dies young. Heathcliff... fails to get over this.
* LoveDodecahedron: Hindley Earnshaw's sister Catherine is in love with Heathcliff but marries Edgar Linton, whose sister Isabella marries Heathcliff, whose son Linton marries Catherine's daughter Cathy, who later falls in love with Hindley's son Hareton...
* LoveMakesYouEvil[=/=]LoveMakesYouCrazy: The two are mixed together. More precisely, ''rejection'' makes you crazy. While Heathcliff was never an angel, he was not—to begin with—as bad as he became after Catherine decided to marry Edgar Linton. [[spoiler: After she dies, he becomes even worse.]]
** Though Heathcliff being bullied and abused in childhood may have slowly eroded his empathy and sanity. Thinking Catherine (the only one in his entire life who ever really loved him) hates him may have been the final straw.
* LoveRedeems: Averted with Heathcliff, but played straight with [[spoiler:Hareton]].
* MagicalRealism: Implied. Heathcliff is sometimes compared to a [[TheLegionsOfHell demon]], and there are some... ''odd'' coincidences involving ghosts and the weather. Nelly even finds herself thinking Heathcliff may be a demon, but quickly reminds herself he is human with feelings like everyone else.
* ManlyTears: Heathcliff cries during his last meeting with Cathy (I) [[spoiler: before her death]], and years later, after hearing about Lockwood's dream [[spoiler: of her ghost]], breaks into uncontrollable tears as he calls out to her through the window.
* TheMasochismTango: Catherine (I) and Heathcliff, Catherine (II) and Linton.
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: It's never made clear if [[spoiler: the various sightings of Cathy (I)'s ghost and later Heathcliff's]] are real or just imagined.
* TheMeadowRun: Heathcliff and Cathy (I) do this in the movie versions, at any rate.
* MosesInTheBulrushes: Heathcliff is discovered by old Mr. Earnshaw as a homeless youth and comforted as a child by Nelly telling him he is a lost prince. In hindsight, this might not have been such a good idea.
* MySisterIsOffLimits: Invoked by both Hindley Earnshaw and Edgar Linton; Heathcliff ignores them both.
* MysteriousPast: For all of Heathcliff's life that we do know, he's still made of this trope. We don't know anything about his early years, to age seven or so, or why he couldn't speak English when he first came to the Heights or what his name might have been before that time. The mystery only deepens in the three years he spends away from the Heights and somehow has made himself so rich in that time that he's bought the house from under Hindley's nose.
* NaiveNewcomer: Mr. Lockwood, who is merely the ButtMonkey at Wuthering Heights.
* NarrativeProfanityFilter: Averts this trope, which was so unusual at the time that an introduction written by Charlotte Brontë specifically praises Emily for not giving in to the common convention.
* NeverLearnedToRead: Hareton, or rather no one bothered to teach him.
* NightmareSequence: Mr. Lockwood's dreams while sleeping in Cathy's bed at the Heights.
* NoHoldsBarredBeatdown: Heathcliff beats Hindley to a pulp after the latter threatens to shoot him shortly after [[spoiler:Catherine's]] death.
** Heathcliff dishes another one out to Hindley in the 2009 adaptation, when the latter states that Heathcliff's love for Cathy is pretend, slamming him against the floor and throttling him.
---> '''Heathcliff:''' DON'T SAY HER NAME!
** Catherine (II) also dishes one out to Linton in the 2009 adaptation when he reveals Heathcliff's plan to have them married.
* ObnoxiousInLaws: Heathcliff and Edgar are brothers in law and despise each other. Catherine (II) is Heathcliff's daughter in law and they despise each other.
* OffscreenCrash: Right after Heathcliff follows Catherine (I) into a room at the very end of the 2009 version, a loud banging is heard, as Hareton and Cathy appear while running through the house. It's either from Hareton slamming a door or from [[spoiler:Heathcliff shooting himself in the head]].
* OffscreenVillainDarkMatter: Heathcliff disappears from Wuthering Heights for three years, and comes back wealthy enough to be considered a gentleman and be able to subvert Hindley's wealth out from under him. Nobody knows how.
* OhCrap: Cathy (II) in the 2009 version when she finds that all of the doors are locked and Linton reveals Heathcliff's plan.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, much to the confusion of many a high school English student.
* OnlyOneName: Heathcliff, Mr. and Mrs. Earnshaw, Mr. Lockwood, and Joseph.
* OnlySaneMan: Edgar Linton and possibly Nelly Dean (depending on your estimate of her as an UnreliableNarrator). Mr. Lockwood might also count, choosing to [[spoiler:leave Thrushcross Grange for London]] rather than get involved with such strange people, but his role in the plot is minor.
-->'''Nelly''': I went about my household duties, convinced that [[spoiler:the Grange]] had but one sensible soul in its walls, and that it lodged in my body.
* OopNorth: The setting. Most strongly represented by Joseph, a gloomy and sour stereotype with an impenetrable Yorkshire accent that no one else shares. This is mainly due to the accent only being used by the lower classes, since the Lintons are gentry and the Earnshaws an old family of sufficient means to be employing servants. Mr Lockwood notes how Nelly, the other major servant character, barely sounds lower class, and she notes that she's "read more than you would fancy, Mr. Lockwood," including every book in the Linton library that isn't in Greek, Latin, or French. Given the mutual hatred between Nelly and Joseph, it wouldn't be surprising if she intentionally tried not to sound like him.
* OperationJealousy: Heathcliff uses Hareton to this effect to try to get his son interested in Cathy (II).
* ParentalAbandonment: Most characters don't have the luck of being raised by both parents and have either a DisappearedDad or a MissingMom. Or both.
** Heathcliff is an orphan Mr. Earnshaw finds in Liverpool.
** Catherine and Hindley lose their mother when they are children, and their father a few years later when Catherine is still very young.
** Edgar and Isabella lose both their parents one after the other as teenagers.
** Cathy spends her whole life without a mother after Catherine's death and loses Edgar as a teenager.
** Linton grows up without a mother after Isabella's death when he's twelve.
** Hareton is orphaned at a very young age, and even when his father still lived was neglected.
* ParentalFavoritism: Mr. Earnshaw prefers Heathcliff over his own son.
** Heathcliff somewhat grudgingly admits that he likes Hareton more than his own son.
* ParentalSubstitute: Nelly for Hareton and Catherine (II). Later, [[AbusiveParents Heathcliff for Hareton.]]
* ThePlace: Wuthering Heights. It's notable that four houses in Emily's and [[Creator/AnneBronte Anne]]'s novels have "W.H." initials: Wellwood House in ''Literature/AgnesGrey'', the eponymous mansion in ''Wuthering Heights'', and Wildfell Hall and Woodford Hall in ''Literature/TheTenantofWildfellHall''. According to Stevie Davies, both sisters used places and characters in their Gondal cycle as a source of inspiration for their fiction.
* PyrrhicVillainy: [[spoiler:After Heathcliff's rivals have all died and he's ruined his and their children's lives, he finds he has [[VengeanceFeelsEmpty no satisfaction]]. What's more, when Catherine (II) and Hareton begin to break free from his restraint and fall in love with each other, he goes into a VillainousBreakdown.]]
* PickOnSomeoneYourOwnSize: Heathcliff directs his revenge against the children of his enemies.
* RaceLift: Heathcliff is described as swarthy like a gypsy on many occasions in the book, but he's definitely not a black African. The 2011 film made him one, though.
* TheRashomon: The unreliable Nelly Dean tells most of the story to the equally unreliable (not to mention thick-skulled) Lockwood.
* RefusalOfTheCall: Mr. Lockwood refuses to be Cathy's KnightInShiningArmor, rescue the DamselInDistress, and live HappilyEverAfter with her.
* RescueRomance: Deliberately averted—Nelly hopes Lockwood or some other gallant rich man will save Cathy (II) from Heathcliff by marrying her; Lockwood [[LampshadeHanging lampshades]] the literary quality of this proposed solution and leaves town.
* TheRival: Heathcliff and Hindley, as well as Heathcliff and Edgar. Linton Heathcliff and Hareton have some shades of this as well.
* SayMyName: Heathcliff calls Catherine's name when he begs her ghost to appear to him after being told by Mr Lockwood that she haunted him.
-->'''Heathcliff''': Come in! come in! Cathy, do come. Oh, do—once more! Oh! my heart's darling! hear me this time, Catherine, at last!
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: Lockwood hightailing it out of Thrushcross Grange as fast as he can once Nelly finishes the story up to that point. He eventually returns to see the BittersweetEnding.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Hindley and his aristocratic compatriots treat young Heathcliff like a monster. Guess what he grows up to become?
* SelfMadeMan: Heathcliff, and we never find out how.
* SheIsNotMyGirlfriend: At the beginning Mr. Lockwood mistakes Cathy (II) for Heathcliff's young wife. Heathcliff is quite amused and explains she's actually his [[ObnoxiousInLaws daughter-in-law]].
** Then, thinking Hareton is Heathcliff's son, he wrongly assumes that Cathy must be his wife. Hareton [[CrushBlush blushes]] and [[AllLoveIsUnrequited is not at all amused.]]
* ShipperWithAnAgenda: Heathcliff for Cathy (II) and his son Linton. [[spoiler:He succeeds through {{Blackmail}}]]. Nelly also eventually reveals she gave Mr. Lockwood such a meticulously thorough account of Cathy's history partially in hopes that he would affect a RescueRomance ending for them. [[spoiler:He declines, but it turns out Cathy didn't need him anyway.]]
* ShoutOut: Emily Brontë was well read and alludes to a number of different works in her novel. Most notable might be "Literature/BeautyAndTheBeast," where a father returns home after a long trip bearing a gift for his children, only that gift brings sorrow to the family.
* SlapSlapKiss:
** Catherine (II) and Hareton, as part of a BreakTheHaughty process for Cathy and a [[SheCleansUpNicely makeover]] for Hareton.
** Catherine (I) physically slapped Edgar. He proposed soon after. May not be a true example, as Catherine was in love with someone else.
* ShadowArchetype: Heathcliff for Edgar Linton.
* SparedByTheAdaptation:
** [[spoiler: Isabella]] in the 1939 adaptation. She's still around when Mr. Lockwood comes to Thrushcross Grange.
** [[spoiler: Hindley]] in the 1970 adaptation. He even gets to kill [[spoiler:Heathcliff.]]
* StockholmSyndrome: Heathcliff brags to Nelly about how successfully he's done this to Hareton.
* SugarAndIceGuy: Mr. Lockwood. Not to any of the other characters, but he describes himself as a misanthrope and notes that he has never been able to express his love verbally, and even drove away a woman he loved because of this.
* SurpriseIncest: Implied with Catherine (I) and Heathcliff, at least for some readers. There are hints that Heathcliff might be Mr. Earnshaw's illegitimate son: Mr. Earnshaw just ''happens'' to find this orphan on the streets. The streets of the town he just ''happens'' to visit on a regular basis, leaving the rest of his family squarely at home. And Mrs. Earnshaw just ''happens'' to take an instant loathing to Heathcliff the minute he enters their house. The 1970 version with Timothy Dalton certainly believed it was no coincidence.
* SurroundedByIdiots: Poor Nelly was fully aware she was eventually the only sane person (possibly literally) left at Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange.
* SympathyForTheDevil:
** Nelly constantly demonstrates pity as well as contempt for Heathcliff.
** The same goes for Catherine (I), though more contempt and less pity in her case.
* TallDarkAndSnarky: Heathcliff is a {{Deconstruction}}, lacking the heart of gold and being "redeemed by the love of a good woman" typically associated with the character.
* TangledFamilyTree: Save for Hindley, who married FlatCharacter Frances, nobody in this book ever marries or has a relationship with someone outside of the already existing characters, leading to KissingCousins, NotBloodSiblings, and weirdness abound.
* TeenPregnancy: Catherine Earnshaw and Isabella Linton both have children in their late teens, though they're both married and this was not uncommon at the time.
* TogetherInDeath: The aforementioned BittersweetEnding implies that Heathcliff and Catherine are reunited as ghosts after death.
* UnreliableNarrator: Nelly is clearly prejudiced and demonstrates a surprising lack of empathy for most of the central characters, this bias being reflected in her account of the events.
* VillainProtagonist: Heathcliff. At the end of the day, this is ''his'' story.
* VillainousBreakdown: [[spoiler:Heathcliff after he notices Cathy (II) and Hareton falling in love]].
* WasItReallyWorthIt: No matter how complete Heathcliff's revenge is, it can never last beyond his death.
* WeaponOfChoice: Hindley carries "a curiously constructed pistol, having a double-edged spring knife attached to the barrel."
** AwesomeButImpractical: During a struggle with Heathcliff, [[spoiler:the gun goes off and digs the blade into Hindley's wrist, cutting the artery. If it weren't for Heathcliff's quick thinking, he would've bled out.]]
* WealthyEverAfter: After all the mess they've been through, [[spoiler:with Heathcliff's death Catherine (II) and Hareton inherit Thrushcross Grange and Wuthering Heights, get married, and settle in the former, the nicer of the two]].
* WhamLine: Early in the 2009 version, Cathy (II) finds a portrait of her mother at Wuthering Heights and asks Linton about it.
-->'''Cathy (II)''': Why would Mr. Heathcliff keep a portrait of my mother? Why? Why would he do that?\\
'''Linton''': Because he loved her. Because he loved her before your father did. And she loved him too.
* WildChild: Heathcliff and Catherine (at least before she meets the Lintons and cleans up). Hareton becomes one after being left without a reasonable ParentalSubstitute.
* WindowWatcher: The 2009 version ends with Heathcliff and Catherine (I) as ghosts through an upstairs window, watching Cathy (II) and Hareton leave Wuthering Heights.
* WhosYourDaddy:
** Some readers have debated whether or not Catherine Linton [[spoiler:is in fact the biological child of Heathcliff and Catherine]], due to the close timing of his return to the Heights and her conception. However, the book mentions the strong resemblance between Cathy II and Edgar, making this unlikely.
** The bigger question: Is Heathcliff old Mr. Earnshaw's bastard son?
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