[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/winn_oldsh_652.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Most noble HeterosexualLifePartners]]
->''"That was Winnetou, the Apache chief, the most glorious of Indians. His name lived in every log-cabin and at every camp-fire. Just, sagacious, true, brave to to point of audacity, guileless, a friend and protector of all who needed aid, be they red or white of hue, so he was known throughout the length and breadth of the United States and beyond their borders."''
-->-- ''Der Sohn des Bärenjägers''

'''''Winnetou''''' is one of the best known novels written by the German author Creator/KarlMay. His heroes Old Shatterhand and Winnetou are very famous literary characters in Europe and quintessential examples of IdealHero and HeterosexualLifePartners. Although May only travelled to America himself after his novels became successful, the novels are famed for their accuracy in geographic terms. All trips and journeys of the main character can be followed in an atlas. Accuracy of many other things is not to be taken for granted.

Several of the novels have film adaptations made in Germany in the sixties. ''Film/TheTreasureOfSilverLake'' was the first film of the series; it proved successful enough and span a film series. The movies were parodied in ''Film/DerSchuhDesManitu''.

!!The movies of this series:
* ''[[Film/TheTreasureOfSilverLake Der Schatz im Silbersee]]'' (''The Treasure of Silver Lake'', 1962)
* ''[[Film/ApacheGold Winnetou I]]'' (''Apache Gold'', 1963)
* ''Old Shatterhand'' (1963, produced by a different company, but with the same actors)
* ''[[Film/LastOfTheRenegades Winnetou II]]'' (''Last of the Renegades'', 1964)
* ''Unter Geiern'' (''Beneath Vultures'', 1964) -- in the latter, Winnetou was accompanied not by Old Shatterhand, but by Stewart Granger as Old Surehand.
* ''[[Film/TheDesperadoTrail Winnetou III]]'' (''The Desperado Trail'', 1965), in which Winnetou dies. Because of that, the following films were prequels again, the first two with Stewart Granger reprising the role of Old Surehand:
* ''Der Ölprinz'' (The Oil Prince, 1965)
* ''Old Surehand'' (1965). After that, Lex Barker returned for:
* ''Winnetou und das Halbblut Apanatschi'' (''Winnetou and the Half-Breed Apanatchi'', 1966); then came Rod Cameron for:
* ''Winnetou und sein Freund Old Firehand'' (''Winnetou and His Friend Old Firehand'', 1966); and the final one with Lex Barker:
* ''Winnetou und Old Shatterhand im Tal der Toten'' (Winnetou and Old Shatterhand in the Valley of the Dead, 1968).

Many of the later films were co-produced in Italy and co-starred Italian actors. The success of the Kraut Western is often seen as a midwife to the birth of the {{Spaghetti Western}}s. It also provided the spark that made the East German DEFA decide to produce a series of ideologically more correct ''[[Film/DEFAWesterns Indianerfilme]]'' ("Indian movies") of its own. All of these starred Gojko Mitic in the lead, a Yugoslavian actor whose first part in a Western had been chief Wokadeh in ''Unter Geiern''.

The novels the films were based on are in the public domain, and you can read the German originals [[http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/2323/1 here]], [[http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/2347/1 here]] and [[http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/2304/1 here]], respectively.
----
!! The ''Winnetou'' novels and film series provide examples of:
* AbusiveParents: Carpio's family, in general, forcing him to be someone he couldn't, and not giving a crap about his death somewhere in the wilderness.
* ActionDuo: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand
** In the Orient Cycle, Kara Ben Nemsi and Hadji Halef Omar. Though that temporally changes to Kara Ben Nemsi and Ben Nil.
* ActionGirl: Quite a few, especially considering the time the books were written. Tahua is probably the best example in the Wild West. Ntscho-tschi, Winnetou's sister, also qualifies. And Kah-o-oto and young Ashta are not far behind. Ellen, Ribanna's daughter in an earlier version of "Old Firehand", was trained by Winnetou himself since early childhood.
** In the Orient cycle, Amscha, daughter of a Beduin chief, is described as an Amazon. She and Kara Ben Nemsi talk about other women who had led Arabic tribes as sheiks, officially or not. And Ingdscha and Shakeera are at least implied to be able to handle themselves in difficult circumstances, even if we don't get to see them in action much.
* ActionPet: Kara Ben Nemsi's dog, Doyan.
* AdaptationalComicRelief[=/=]AdaptationalWimp: Old Wabble in the novels ''Old Surehand I'' and ''III'' a badass frontiersman and Indian fighter; starting out as a companion to Old Shatterhand and Winnetou, he becomes their rival and and then an outright villain who tries to kill them, making him one of May's most interesting characters. In the films ''Old Surehand'' and ''Der Ölprinz'' he is much younger and merely Old Surehand's [[BumblingSidekick clumsy comical sidekick]].
* AFatherToHisMen: Intschu-tschuna, chief of the Apaches. Klekih-Petra was one on the spiritual side. Also, pretty uch every honorable leader, both in the Oriental cycle, as well as the Wild West stories.
* AfterActionHealingDrama: Charlie goes through this once or twice.
* AfterActionPatchUp: After several battles, a brief mention of patching up the wounded on both sides is made.
* AgainstMyReligion: Charlie's usual reason for not killing, not scalping and generally letting bad people get away with less punishment than they would probably deserve.
* AintTooProudToBeg: Though he is usually a very proud man, when it comes to convincing Winnetou not to go to his certain death, Charlie has no problem with getting on his knees and begging. And crying.
* AlasPoorVillain: Old Wabble.
* TheAlcoholic: Rattler.
* AllDesertsHaveCacti: Averted. You can consider yourself lucky if there are cacti or other desert vegetation around, since that means water.
* AllOfTheOtherReindeer: Charlie's colleagues from the rail-road building team. Mostly because he is young, hard-working, a non-drinker, and German.
* AloofAlly: Winnetou comes off as this whenever he joins a group without Old Shatterhand.
* AlwaysSomeoneBetter: Old Shatterhand and/or Winnetou to... a lot of other people. Practically everybody else, in fact.
* AncientAfrica: Charlie's other destination of choice, after the Wild West.
* AncientTomb: Kara Ben Nemsi stumbles across a few of these.
* AndTheAdventureContinues: There is almost no finality to any of the books, they either blend one into the other, or are left open-ended, with a few mentions regarding part of the characters. Often, Winnetou and Old Shatterhand aren't mentioned.
* TheApprentice: "Greenhorn" Charlie is one to Sam Hawkens, and later to Winnetou.
* ApronMatron: Mother Thick in "Old Surehand".
* ArchangelGabriel: Mentioned in a few teological discussions about the Kuoran in the Orient cycle. Including a hilarious one between Kara Ben Nemsi and Hadji Halef Omar about whether the Archangel might have made a mistake when he gave Mohammed instructions about the interdictions on eating ham and sausages.
* ArcSymbol: The Silver Lion. The octagonal rings of the Shadows secret organization. The Passiflora. The cross. Interestingly, most symbols are never explained, either because the public knew them, or in order to keep the mystery even beyond the supposed ending of the novel.
* AsceticAesthetic: Winnetou's place in "Winnetou's heirs": Bed, table, water jugs. Weapons and Charlie's photo on the wall.
* AstralProjection: Kara Ben Nemsi. No, really. This is how he solves half of the plot in "The Reign of the Silver Lion". While he is convalescing in bed.
* AudienceSurrogate: Charlie, in the beginning. Whoever is the youngest and most inexperienced character around later on.
* AuthorityInNameOnly: Mayors, sherrifs, policemen, military officers, the occasional sheik or even pasha.
* BackToBackBadasses: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, ''once''. The rest of the time, they fight side by side. Or, most likely, on physically opposite sides of a trap where they lured their enemies-of-the-week.
* BadassBookworm: Charlie is very much a badass, and very, very much a bookworm. To the point where he once refused David Lindsay's offer of an adventure because he wanted to go study the local dialects of the Balkanic region.
* BadassCrew: In the strictest sense, Robert Surcouf's crew of corsaires is made of these, all the way down to the non-combatant priest. In a broader sense, all teams that form around one hero or another is this.
* BadassFamily: Winnetou's family, made up of himself, his wise and brave father, his beautiful and resourceful sister, his kind teacher, and eventually his blood-brother.
** Tahua, her BadassPreacher brother I-Khvesti-Pa,and her two famous sons.
* BadassInDistress: Winnetou and Intschu-tschuna in volume one. Old Shatterhand himself soon afterwards. They both fall under this several times more, either separately or together. Old Firehand, Old Surehand and Apanatschka, as well as their entire group of Westmen acquaintances end up like this at some point.
* BadassNative: Winnetou, of course. Several other secondary characters as well, with Colma Pushi standing out the most.
* BarbarianTribe: The Native Americans are viewed as semi-civilised in most cases, but never as malicious on their own. Individual evilness is a different issue. Same goes for the Arabic tribes.
* BattleInTheCenterOfTheMind: Kara Ben Nemsi's confrontation with the spirit/energetic vampire/sorcerer in "The Realm of the Silver Lion".
* BeautyIsNeverTarnished: Played straight with young women, partly subverted with older ones. So it's usually a case of aging, occasionally with the narration pointing out she used to be a beauty in her youth. One particular case is that of Tocbela in "Old Surehand". In her case, her great beauty was ruined early on by shock and madness, and she barely recovers a little sanity when she's in her forties and irrevocably changed physically. Her older sister Tahua, also a famous beauty, was also changed by the trials of her ActionGirl lifestyle.
** Winnetou himself never suffers more than light wounds and bruises. Amusingly, the most damage he receives comes as a result of running around the forest at night, trying to spy on two enemy camps at the same time. The morning finds him rather dishevelled, scratched and full of resin. As is Old Shatterhand, for the same reasons.
* BeliefMakesYouStupid: In-story, this is what Old Wabble thinks about Old Shatterhand. It's a major plot point during "Old Surehand".
* BestFriend: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand both acknowledge each other as this, even stating at different moments that they are each other's ''only'' friend, in the "truest, most noble sense of the word".
* BewareTheHonestOnes: Old Shatterhand.
* BewareTheNiceOnes: Old Shatterhand.
* BewareTheSillyOnes: Sam Hawkens, Dick Hammerdull, "Aunt" Droll, and most of all, Hobble-Frank.
* BewareTheQuietOnes: Winnetou.
* {{Bifauxnen:}} Colma-Puschi. Kah-o-oto. Amscha, the Beduin.
** Judging by Charlie's observation, when Ntscho-tschi is dressed exactly as Winnetou, it would be easy for the less observant ye to mistake her for Winnetou's younger brother. However, since Winnetou hiself is borderline androgynous...
* BigBrotherMentor: Winnetou to Old Shatterhand, at least at first. They both learn from the other one various skills, but Winnetou is in fact a couple of years older than Charlie.
* BigFancyCastle: Some are actual castles. Others are more like fortresses built straight into the mountain rock. Old Shatterhand is particularly impressed by Tattelah-Satah's "castle".
* BigFancyHouse: Conrad Werner and Martha Vogel's house. Judith Silberstein also has several.
* BigGood: Tatellah-Satah in "Winnetou IV". Marah Durimeh in the Orient cycle.
* {{Bishōnen:}} Winnetou. Apanatschka, the young Comanche chief. Young Eagle, who is distantly related to Winnetou.
* BitchInSheepsClothing: Judith Silberstein. Not that Charlie falls for it.
* BlackAndWhiteMorality: Karl May's books in general tend to ''look'' like this. But his unshakable idealism makes him to hope for the good in everyone, even when he can't see it. Read carefully, there is a lot more grey to the characters than it seems at first.
* BlasphemousBoast: Some of the bad guys are prone to this. Charlie is usually horrified. In the case Old Cursing-Dry, so is Winnetou. God never fails to punish them, usually using their own words against them.
* BlasphemousPraise
* BloodBrothers: Old Shatterhand and Winnetou.
* BloodFromTheMouth: When Old Wabble is dying due to his torso being slowly crushed inside a tree, he vomits blood for a while.
** When Winnetou is shot, the bullet hits his lung, causing an internal hemorragy and blood flows out from his mouth at the moment of his death.
* BookDumb: Most of the Westmen, regardless of their actual intelligence levels. Averted with Old Death, who mockingly tells Charlie that he ''did'' have a high-level education... and that he remembers amusedly what an arrogant idiot he used to be.
** Averted with Winnetou himself, as well. While he did not go to any official schools, he and his sister were equally home-schooled by the highly-educated Klekih-Petra. As he grew older, he pretty much learned by himself, and later on Charlie served as a walking encyclopedia on whatever subject Winnetou might have wanted.
* BornInTheSaddle: The Arabs, especially the Beduins.
* BornLucky: Old Shatterhand. Lampshaded by most other characters.
* BraidsBeadsAndBuckskins: Played absolutely straight in the movies, with a little more variation in the books (for example, Winnetou never wears any sort of beads, feathers (even though he's a chieftain) or war paint. And he wears his hair in a type of bun.
* {{Brownface}}: Frenchman Pierre Briece as Winnetou. Granted, Brice didn't need make-up, as he has naturally bronzed skin, and Winnetou is always described as looking more like a Roman with lightly bronzed skin rather than a Native American. (As an aside, Brice also played a Roman general in the Romanian-French co-production "The Dacians".)
* TheBully: Rattler. Toby Spencer.
* CainAndAbel: Intschu-tschuna uses the Cain-Abel example to parallel the relationship between the Native Indians and the Whites. The pale-faces are cast as Cain, of course. And even the whites present at the conversation are forced to sort-of agree.
* CanonWelding: Karl May started with serialized stories which he later reworked into books, which sometimes required altering characters, elements and the context of a scene. For instance, in the serialized stories there are two different accounts of the first meeting of Winnetou and Old Shatterhand: In his first appearance in ''Winnetou, der rote Gentleman'' he meets Old Shatterhand in a saloon, in the one that became canonic in ''Winnetou I'', the two first met when Shatterhand was working as a surveyor for a railroad company and Winnetou and his father Intschu tschuna wanted to stop them from building a railroad through Apache territory. The scene in the saloon was then recycled in ''Winnetou II'' with Winnetou pretending he did not know Old Shatterhand because the latter was accompanied by Old Death.
* CaperRationalization: Done occasionally by Charlie. Mostly to himself, though. Halef's attempts are much more... vehement.
* CataclysmClimax: In "Winnetou's Heirs", a serious earthquake solves the problem of the giant statue ''and'' the attacking alliance of enemy tribes.
* CatchPhrase: [[PluckyComicRelief Sam Hawkens']] constant "If I'm not mistaken, hihi."
** Old Wabble's "it's clear".
* CelebrityImpersonator: Some poor fool thought that pretending to be Old Shatterhand is a good idea. While Old Shatterhand was in the general vicinity. Matters are settled with a classic KO delivered by the real one.
* ChairReveal: Done in-story by the narrator (Charlie) to other secondary characters. Always treated as funny, or a happy surprise.
* CharityBall: Charlie is planning a charity concert in a Dresden hotel when Winnetou comes to find him in "Satan and Ischariot". Relax, he wasn't part of the singing choir.
* CharacterOverlap: "Yes, I was Old Shatterhand. Yes, I was Kara Ben Nemsi. Now, I am 'me'."
* ChasteHero: Winnetou and Charlie. Probably.
* TheChiefsDaughter: Nscho-tschi, daughter of Intchu-chuna, chief of the Apaches and Winnetou's younger sister. She fulfills some of the cliches while avoiding others completely: she loves Old Shatterhand once she gets to know him, but even then she would butt heads with him over certain culturally-related things (and she's more right than he is); she avoids any DamselInDistress situation, but she is brutally killed.
* ChaseScene: A ''lot''. Their length in both time and space varies from minutes to months and may span continents.
* ChildhoodFriends: Charlie and Carpio.
* TheChosenOne: Old Shatterhand.
* ChristmasEpisode: "Holy Night!"
* CoffinContraband: In "The Realm of the Silver Lion". Some coffins in the "Death Caravane" do ''not'' contain rotting corpses...
* CoincidenceMagnet: Old Shatterhand. Mysteries that have lasted millenias, secrets that have been buried for decades, hidden identities, faked deaths, fugitives across two or three continents, he stumbles upon all of these and more, and he solves them without trying, because he happens to be at the right place at the right time, or do the right thing for the right person. Watching several coincidence trains-of-events converge upon him at the same time can be quite fascinating.
* ColdBloodedTorture: What most people who fall prisoner to the Indians can expect, whether they are white or red. It's pointed out that the whites are guilty of similarly bloody and brutal treatment of their own prisoners.
** Some Arabic tribes have their moments as well, especially cruel when it involves a mother and her blind baby, and it's done without a specfic reason. She just happens to belong to the wrong tribe.
*** And when it comes down to it, Old Shatterhand himself is capable of this -- though he only practices psychological torture. Still cold-blooded enough not to cave at the victim's pleas, though.
* CombatMedic: Winnetou, and occasionally Old Shatterhand.
* CombatPragmatist: Both Winnetou and Old Shatterhand are this, when the situation requires it.
* CombatReferee: Winnetou, tacitly chosen whenever a duel happens, because of both his authority as high chief of the Apaches, and his unblemished reputation of honesty, even when he has to perform this task in duels where one of the participants is Charlie.
* ComingOfAgeStory: Mostly for Old Shatterhand, but Winnetou has his own evolutional arc.
* TheConscience: Old Shatterhand. Annoyingly so, in some cases. His friends tend to get GenreSavvy about it, in time.
* ConvertingForLove: Winnetou, in a way.
* CoolAndUnusualPunishment: Some of Old Shatterhand's choices concerning their enemies.
* CoolHorse: Both Apache chief Winnetou and his friend Old Shatterhand have a black stallion of Apache breed that are all of extraordinary quality, and they have the finest specimen. Old Shatterhand's Hatatitla and Winnetou's Ilchi are famous far and wide and only their names bring about respect. The antagonists in the movie adaptations tend to covet them and try to steal them from our noble heroes. (With no success, because the horses are trained to emphatically ''not'' let anyone else ride them. Bad things happen to those who try. And the bad things are not always treated comically. Being trampled to death by a horse is an unpleasant way to go.)
* CoolOldGuy: Klekih-Petra. Old Death. Old Shatterhand himself, during "Winnetou's Heirs".
* CorporalPunishment: What Old Wabble's bandits and "the general" receive as punishment for their evil deeds... at first.
** Done as an institutionalized form of punishment in the Ottoman Empire.
* CorruptBureaucrat: Mostly in the Orient Cycle, usually in the regions controlled by the Ottoman Empire.
* CorruptChurch: More than one, and the Christians are not exempt.
* CrisisOfFaith: Klekih-Petra, in his youth. Old Surehand in the eponymous novel, as mentioned in his conversations with Old Shatterhand. And Old Shatterhand reveals that he himself had not always been exempt.
* CrossingTheDesert: So many times, in so many different directions... In the Sahara, there is less "crossing" and more "travelling all over" the desert, with occasional double-backs to earlier locations. They cross the Llano Estacado more often, mostly because, well, it's smaller.
* CrouchingMoronHiddenBadass: Charlie, mostly exaggerated intentionally.
* CunningLinguist: Charlie knows a lot of languages, and he's as clever as a fox.
* CycleOfRevenge: The main reason Old Shatterhand and Winnetou have for actively avoiding revenge is because they know there is no end to it. Of corse, the practice is more difficult than the theory. And the difference between ''justice'' and ''revenge'' is sometimes blurry.
* TheCynic: A staple of most bad guys. Charlie is particularly disgusted by this character trait. (Especially in women.)
* CynicismCatalyst: Tragic events are in the past of most people in the Wild West. Some point out to Old Shatterhand that if ''he'' had lived through similar pain, he wouldn't be quite so idealist. This opinion is proven wrong when Winnetou's death pushes Charlie not towards revenge, but towards deeper spiritual development.
* DamselInDistress: Martha Vogel, though she's clever enough not to be much of a hindrance once Charlie gets to her.
* DancesAndBalls: Something Charlie desperately tries to avoid... not always successfully.
* DanceOfRomance: Subverted. Martha Vogel makes one last-ditch attempt at gaining Charlie's attention by inviting him to the ladies'dance during a ball. He refuses, knowing full well what the consequences will be.
* DangerousTerrain: The salt flats. Any cave they have to enter, on either continent. The hidden icy ravines in the short story featuring Eskimos. Canyons, due to the lack of both hiding places and the possibility to see your enemies coming.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: Believe it or not... Old Shatterhand. A milder case than most, but still. Don't expect him to talk about it on-page, though.
* DarkestAfrica: Charlie eventually makes his way south of the Sahara and ends up here.
* DawnOfTheWildWest: Mostly before Charlie's time, but some of its figures are still known.
* DeadlyDustStorm: In "The Spirit of Llano Estacado" one of these hits the part of the desert where Old Shatterhand was supposed to be. Winnetou, in a different location, sees the storm from afar and worries darkly about his friend.
* DeadManWriting: Winnetou's final will.
* DeadpanSnarker: Old Shatterhand's preffered way of mocking people who annoy him. Not all of them catch on to the fact that they are, in fact, being laughed at.
* DeadPersonImpersonation: Jonathan Melton/Small Hunter.
* DeathByAdaptation: In the film ''Winnetou I'', Santer (who here not only murders Intschu tschuna and Nscho-tschi, but also Klekih-petra), is dead by the end of the film. In the novels he survives, reappears in ''Winnetou II'', survives Winnetou to steal his testament, and finally dies a KarmicDeath towards at the end of ''Winnetou III''.
* DeathByIrony: In the novel ''Winnetou III'', Santer, the murderer of Winnetou's father and sister, is crushed by the very gold that he has been after since ''Winnetou I''.
* DeathIsDramatic: And usually either instantaneous, or a long, drawn-out affair.
* DeepSouth: The location for most of the adventures featuring Old Death and his brother Horton.
* DefiantCaptive: Old Shatterhand, when he is not playing along. Old Wabble is a malevolent example.
* DesertBandits: On both sides of the Atlantic. They are called "desert vultures" in the Wild West. The slave caravans in the Sahara also feature prominently.
* DesertSkull: The occasional unburied remains of both people and animals are likely to show up in either of the deserts.
* DeusExMachina: Charlie actually has the nerve to ''complain'' about such occurences in literature. Yes, he really is a hypocrite.
* DidIMentionItsChristmas?: Apparently, Ntscho-tschi and Intschu-tschuna's murder happens somewhere in December, as does the chase for Santer. Charlie and Winnetou's first separation happens either right around Christmas, or immediately after.
* DirtyCoward: Quite a few of them, mostly pale-faces.
* DislikesTheNewGuy: The attitude Charlie faces from the rail-road engineering team.
* DistantFinale: "Winnetou's Heirs".
* DistressedDude: Winnetou and Intschu-tschuna falling prisoners to the Kiowas. Old Shatterhand himself more times than it's worth remembering. And Winnetou himself a few times more.
* DivineIntervention: Some things that happen to Charlie can only be explained this way. And he knows it, too.
* DownerEnding: In a way, the end of the "Winnetou" trilogy is this. Yes, Santer is finally dead. But so is Winnetou, his will is destroyed, his gold is lost for good, and Charlie is pretty much an emotional mess (not that he notices it much). Of course, years later, "Winnetou's Heirs" is published and we find out that not everything is as it seems...
* DudeWheresMyRespect: Old Shatterhand, though most of the time he is too proud to point it out to the culprits. Sometimes, Winnetou will intervene and put them in their place. Occasionally, as in "Satan and Iscariot", it's taken to hilarious extremes, both with the lack of respect and Winnetou's out-of-character reaction. Charlie decides to be amused by the first, and giddily flattered by the latter.
** When Charlie is in the Orient, his friend Halef is a lot more vocal on the subject.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Old Shatterhand lampshades this in "Winnetou's Heirs", and he is referring to ''everyone''. Including his old-time enemies.
* TheEngineer: Charlie, even after not actually professing anymore, still occasionally proves he has a head for numbers and architecture.
* EnhancedInterrogationTechniques
* EnemyMine: More common among individuals than groups, but the Apaches and Comanches have their moments. Winnetou and Old Shatterhand definitely make friends among the Comanches (Tevua-shohe, his son Schiba-bigc, and especially Apanatschka) the Osages (Matto-Schakko), and even the Kiowas (Tangua's own son, Pida).
* EpilogueLetter: Halef's hilarious letter in the first Orient cycle.
* EskimoLand: Setting of one short mystery story.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Winnetou's first appearance involves him being fair-minded, brave, stoic, quiet, and beautiful. It doesn't change one iota during the following 20-odd volumes. (Well, he gets a bit more open about showing his affection, but that's about it.)
* EvenTheGuysWantHim: Winnetou, at least as far as Old Shatterhand is concerned... And Charlie himself ends up being the object of many men's devotion and excessive affection, if not outright want.
* EvilNephew: Jonathan Melton.
* EvilUncle: Thomas Melton.
* EvilVersusEvil: Even when the evil ones are actually blood-related.
* FaceDeathWithDignity: Pretty much everyone who is ''not'' a DirtyCoward, though usually death itself is avoided. Old Shatterhand is more of a DefiantToTheEnd type if he's irritated enough, but if his attackers treat him respectfully, he responds by not insulting them. But the award on this one must go to Winnetou, who not only predicts his own death with painful clarity and makes plans for both his own burial and the fulfillment of his will, but has to face Charlie's tearful denial and despair at the news to boot.
* FairForItsDay: Most of Karl May's works were not only FairForItsDay, but actually so progressive for their era that they managed to offend a ''lot'' of very different types of people in his native Germany, from the trash papers to the clergy.
* FamedInStory: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, most prominently, and people also know their horses and guns. They are respected wherever they go.
** Occasionally subverted, at least temporarily. Not everybody appreciates having those two around, and we're not talking about the bad guys here. Winnetou and Old Shatterhand tend to steal the spotlight in whatever group they're in, and other westmen, either truly experienced or mere wanna-bes, sometimes have problems with listening to their advice, taking orders from them or accepting their merciful views in battle. It goes for both white people and native tribes, in fact some of the most interesting parts of the (unabridged) books are the ways they manage to deal with such situations. Just because they are pretty much always right does not mean they can always prevent others from doing stupid things and getting hurt while trying to make a point.
* FamilyOfChoice: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, choosing each other over literally everyone else, including other relatives and love interests (Charlie), and even God, sort of (Winnetou).
* TheFatalist: A staple of most Arabs and Turks. Kara Ben Nemsi is not impressed by it.
* FatComicRelief: Dick Hammerdull, though he does ''not'' appreciate the fat part. Hobble-Frank as well.
* FateWorseThanDeath: Slavery, for one. Profound humiliation is a close second.
* AFatherToHisMen: Intschu-tschuna. Tattelah-Satah.
* FeetOfClay: Several pseudo-bad characters come to this conclusion about Old Shatterhand. Needless to say, they are proven wrong -- by circumstances, because he would never bother trying to convince them otherwise.
* TheFettered: Old Shatterhand only lets himself loose ''once'', when Winnetou is killed (though he is hardly rational at that point). It's enough to get an idea what would happen if he did it more often.
* FetishFuelStationAttendant: Winnetou is drop-dead gorgeous, and that's only his most superficial quality.
* FictionalCountry: Ardistan and Dschinnistan from May's later works. Set in the Orient cycle, with some of the same characters, but entirely fictional.
* FightingForAHomeland: The Native Americans.
* FightScene: Many, many, many.
* FirstNameBasis: Old Shatterhand's closest friends can call him Charlie. Winnetou takes it one step further and adapts the name to "Scharlih", which Old Shatterhand seems to be positively enamored with. The fact that the change comes at a distinctly dark and painful moment for Winnetou (after his father and sister are murdered) as well as the contextual conversation where this happens only serve to deepen the meaningful development of their relationship.
* {{Flanderization}}: In Karl May's early serialized stories Winnetou had a distinct darker, more savage side, but at the years passed the author idealized his hero more an more until he finally became a Christ-like figure and the ultimate NobleSavage.
* FlatEarthAtheist: Old Wabble
* FlayingAlive: Charlie gets threatened with this at least twice.
* ForbiddenZone: If you want to be absolutely sure that Charlie will end up in a certain place, slap this name on it. He will be onto it at the speed of light. After taking all necessary (and sometimes unnecessary) precautions, and drafting several back-up plans, of course. (He is not TheTrickster of the series for nothing.)
* ForcedToWatch: In "Treasure of the Silver Lake", Charlie and some companions fall prisoners to the Utahs. They are forced to watch as other prisoners, who were hardened criminals, were brutally tortured with knives and eventually killed with dogs. They avert their eyes, but can't also cover their ears...
** In "Satan and Iscariot", Charlie tells Emery Bothwell about one of his and Winnetou's earlier adventures, which included them and a group of travellers suffer from thirst while crossing the Llano Estacado. While weakend, they are all captured by the Comanches. While there was no current conflict, the Comanches decide to burn them at the stake anyway. They start by killing the other travellers, while Winnetou and Charlie are forced to watch. Their fury at the sight gives them the needed impulse to not only escape in an extremely bold manner, but also that they come back to take ''revenge'' -- one rare exception to their usually "forgiving-your-enemies" policy. For his part, Emery is more creeped out by Charlie's calm and casual retelling of the events, which in themselves were unusually gory.
*** Possibly the most brutal instance of this happens in the second Oriental cycle, where an imprisoned and heavily chained Kara Ben Nemsi is forced to watch as an entire African village (one he was acquainted with, no less) is captured and slaughtered, while he is helpless to either warn or help them fight. And then, the slave-traders select the children. The ones considered to weak have their throats slit, while Kara is again forced to watch, by being whipped across the face.
* ForeignCorrespondent: What Charlie is sent to work as in the beginning of the "Satan and Iscariot" trilogy. It happens completely off-page, before the main story begins. In a wider sense, however, most of his "travel experiences" fall under the same trope.
* ForgingScene: Only with a rifle instead of a sword. In the beginning of volume one, gunsmith Henry is working on what will become the Henry rifle. Greenhorn Charlie pokes his curious nose around the prototype. Later on, he receives the first Henry rifle ever made, as a gift.
* ForgivenButNotForgotten: Old Shatterhand is kind, not ''stupid''. And Winnetou is even less so.
* FreudianTrio: Halef - Id, Charlie - Ego, Winnetou - Superego.
* AFriendInNeed: This is generally enough to set Old Shatterhand going faster than lightning, whether that friend is Bloody Fox, Old Surehand, Apanatschka, Bob, Sam Hawkens, Hadji Halef Omar or Martha Vogel. He is hilariously ''less'' concerned about Winnetou, because well, it's ''Winnetou''.
* FriendlessBackground: Old Shatterhand, despite being quite friendly as a person, actually has practically no friends before coming to the West, and no one as close as Winnetou.
* FriendlyEnemy: Pida, Tangua's son.
* FriendshipTrinket: Winnetou's hair lock.
* TheGamblingAddict: Old Death used to be one in his youth.
* GeniusBruiser: Old Shatterhand.
* GentlemanAdventurer: Sir David Lindsay. Lord Castlepool.
* GentlemanAndAScholar: Old Shatterhand.
* GetItOverWith: Old Shatterhand, when threatened with death by his captors. Obviously, they never do.
* GloryDays: In the distant past of both the Arabic cities, and, less popular at the time, the Native Americans.
* GodBeforeDogma: Old Shatterhand, Winnetou, and every other spiritually advanced friend they make along the way.
* GoingNative: Played straight with Klekih-Petra, Winnetou's teacher. Born in Germany, disillusioned with the world and even God, he finally settles with the Apaches, who treat him very kindly and respectfully. Even though he doesn't think the Native Americans have much of a fighting chance against the white people in the long run, he chooses to stay with them and help them as much as he can.
** Happens to a degree to his spiritual successor, Old Shatterhand. Also a German, but much more younger, still full of optimism and wanderlust, he repeatedly ''refuses'' to stay with the Apaches permanently, despite having took to the native life LikeADuckTakesToWater.
* GoodFortuneFromGod: Old Shatterhand.
* GoodIsDumb: What a lot of villains tend to think about Winnetou and Old Shatterhand...
* GoodIsNotDumb: ...what a lot of villains ultimately find out about Winnetou and Old Shatterhand. The hard way, of course.
* GoodIsOldFashioned: Old Shatterhand.
* GoodSamaritan: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, but also a lot of their many friends as well.
* GoodWithNumbers: Old Shatterhand is a very skilled engineer.
* GracefulLoser: Intschu-tschuna, once the situation is explained to him, holds no grudge towards Old Shatterhand for beating him in their duel.
** Old Shatterhand himself, though he practically never ''loses'' a contest or battle (except on purpose). But as a comic example, during "In the Reign of the Silver Lion", a convalescent Kara Ben Nemsi goes out for a ride; his CoolArabianHorse gets irritated by a bunch of local kids riding goats and donkeys, and by the time the encounter is over, Kara is on his ass in the dirt, completely stunned that something like this could happen to him. The kids, naturally, make fun of him, but then again, so does he -- and he gets up laughing and throwing them money. And he has no qualms telling Halef and his family about it, either, showing that his amusement wins over his pride in this case.
* GreatBigLibraryOfEverything: Tatellah-Satah has one, though it stays off-page.
* GutPunch: Charlie does this occasionally.
* HandshakeRefusal: Old Shatterhand, to people he doesn't like.
* HauntedHouse: Some poor fools try to scare Kara Ben Nemsi with one of these. Unfortunately, not only does he not believe in ghosts who wear white sheets, he also believes in kicking the crap out of them.
* TheHeart: Old Shatterhand.
* HeavenlyBlue: Done quite subtly, but Karl May associates bright blue with Heaven, and all the virtues it inspires in other people. Interestingly, Charlie practically never wears it himself.
* HeelFaithTurn
* HereditaryHairstyle: Probably justified by their native culture, but Young Eagle, who is distantly related to Winnetou, wears his hair in the same fashion.
* TheHeretic: Old Wabble.
* TheHermit: Tattelah-Satah. The Peder. Marah Durimeh.
* HermitGuru: Tatellah-satah
* TheHeroDies: Winnetou.
* HeroicBSOD: Old Shatterhand, after Winnetou dies.
* HeroicWannabe: Old Wabble.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: The friendship of Old Shatterhand and Winnetou is incredibly strong and they trust each other completely. Both have loved a woman very deeply, but both have lost them, so they only have one another as family which adds to the closeness. They call each other "my brother" and they always read each other's thoughts.
** In the books, Winnetou was in love with Ribanna when he was still a teenager, and the circumstances in which he lost her were a lot more tragic. And while Old Shatterhand cared a lot for Nsho-Tchi, respected her and admired her, he wasn't in love with her. And wasn't interested in marriage with ''anyone'' at that point, anyway. So by the time they meet, and especially after Winnetou's family dies, they are each other's ''everything''. In fact, Winnetou himself tells Old Shatterhand, shortly after the murder: "You know what I have lost. From now, you be my father and my sister. I beg of you, Scharlih."
* HiddenDepths: Winnetou never gives you the feeling of being shallow. And yet, you would never guess how deep things can get until you read "Winnetou's Heirs"...
* HiddenElfVillage: The Peder's hidden village. Well, they're not elves, but otherwise they probably qualify...
* HidingBehindReligion: Several representatives of different religions, much to Charlie's distaste.
* HighPriest: Tattelah-Satah, in a way.
* HonoraryUncle: Kara Ben Nemsi is actually Halef's son ''godfather'', and the boy is named after both of them: Kara Ben Halef. They get along very well.
** Winnetou himself is this to Ribanna's son/daughter (depending on what version of the book you're reading) and acts as a personal trainer to the kid.
* HonorBeforeReason: ''Yes''. A lot of time, a given word to stay put is the only thing that holds Old Shatterhand in place, when iron chains fail to do the trick.
** In a way, this is responsible for Winnetou's death too, since he refuses to lose his self-respect by trying to avoid his foreseen death. And it's the reason why Old Shatterhand doesn't simply knock him out and stash him somewhere safe until the danger passes -- he is well aware that Winnetou would crumble morally under the guilt.
* HopeBringer: Old Shatterhand.
* TheHunter: Old Shatterhand, but also every other Westman out there qualifies as a more or less skilled hunter.
* HurtingHero: Winnetou after losing his family. Charlie after losing Winnetou.
* {{Hypocrite:}} A lot of the bad guys, and bad women.
** More amusingly, especially since they disagree so rarely, whenever either Winnetou or Old Shatterhand thinks that the other one has gone a bit over-the-top with the bravery and endangered himself pointlessly, only for them to switch roles a bit later on.
* ICantDance: Subverted. Charlie ''can'' dance, and very well. He just doesn't ''like'' to do it.
* IdealHero: Old Shatterhand and Winnetou are honest, noble, capable, incorruptible and BadAss. All bandits and tramps, beware!
* IdentityAmnesia: William Ohlert.
* IDontLikeTheSoundOfThatPlace: "Devil's Head", part of the ClimbingClimax in "Old Surehand".
** "Devil's Pulpit" in "Winnetou's Heirs". Charlie's wife Klara mentions the trope practically verbatim. Charlie thinks it sounds "romantic". He also points out that lots of places in Germany have similar names.
* IHaveManyNames: Charlie has a ''lot'' of these. It all starts with "Old Shatterhand", which is of course the nickname given to him by his white companions, and then this nickname got translated into pretty much every Indin dialect of every tribe he has ever encountered (or, after a while, who has ever heard of him). So we have Selki-Lata/Selkhi-Lata (Mescalero Apache), Nonpay-Klama (Shoshones), Pokai-Mu (Utah), Tave-Schala (Yuma), Nina Nonton, Ka-Ut-Skamasti, and so on. Then there are the variations of his given name, Carl, which he adapts into Charley/Charlie/Charles/Carlos, and is usually reserved for friends. (Special mention goes here to Winnetou's "Scharlih", which is the Apache's affectionate way of (mis)pronouncing Charlie.) He also uses aliases whenever he thinks the situation requires it, such as Mr. Jones, März, Mr. Beyer, Meier/Mayer, Mr. German, and in one amusing case of trying to mislead someone, Old Firefoot. Moving to South America, we have Arriquez, Tocaro, El Rastreador, El Sendador.
** In the Orient cycle, he is called Kara Ben Nemsi (Karl, Son of Germans) and Baturu (the Brave), but he also uses several aliases, such as Scherif Hadschi Schebab Eddin Abd el kaderben Hadschi Gazali al Farabi ibn Tabit Mrewan Abul Achmed Abu Baschar Chatid Es Schonahar, Mauwatti El Pars-Effendi, Nusrani, Saduk el Baija, Mayor of Dimiat, Abu Machuf, Amm Selad, Mudir of Dscharabub, Iskander Patras, Ben Sobata, Abu es Sidda, Selim Mefarek, Hadschi Akil Schatir el Megarrib(nis) ben Hadschi alim Schadschi er Rani Ibn Hadschi Dajim Masschur el Azami ben Hadschi Taki Abu Fadl el Makurram, Abd el Mushala, Emir Hadschi Kara ben Nemsi ben Emir Hadschi Kara ben Dschermani ibn Emir Hadschi Kara ben Alemani. Further East, in China, he is called Kuang-Si-Ta-Sse. And there ''is'' more where this came from.
*** Adding to all that, in the US-version of Karl May's books from 1898/99, everything German was made American, and the main character is called Jack Hildreth (though he is so far removed from the original he is literally another person).
*** And in "Weihnacht!", Carl's old school friend Carpio calls him Sappho, both while they were kids ''and'' after Old Shatterhand had become a famous name in the West. And yes, it's Sappho as in the poet of Lesbos. And yes, he received the nickname because he also wrote nice poems.
** Winnetou himself almost never uses aliases, choosing rather to not give ''any'' name rather than spin a lie, but when he follows Charlie to Africa (loooong story), he lets Charlie pick a name for him - they go with Ben Asra, Somalian/Indian prince. Other people they meet, both Arabs and white, call him Winnetou el Harbi w’Nasir, or simply "Mr. Beyer’s Indian" (Mr Beyer being Old Shatterhand).
* IndianMaiden: Ntscho-tschi (Apache). Ribanna (Assiniboins). Kaho-o-oto (Kiowa). Tahua and Tocbela (Moqui). Ashta, both the original and her niece (Sioux).
* IndianSummer: When Charlie and Winnetou first meet.
* TheIngenue: Martha Vogel. Ingdscha. Subverted with Ntscho-tschi, who is shown to be very mature in her thinking, and knowing a lot about the world despite her relative young age and limited personal experience.
* InHarmsWay: Charlie and Winnetou's choice of lifestyle. Lampshaded by Kaho-o-oto.
* InjunCountry: The setting for most of the Wild West adventures.
* InMysteriousWays: Occasionally, God's mysterious ways involve Old Shatterhand in some shape or form.
* InsigniaRipoffRitual: Tangua rips off the "medicine bag" from the throat of the unfortunate guard who happened to stand in the way of Old Shatterhand's stealthy rescue of Winnetou and Intschu-tschuna from the Kiowas. The narration is actually quite sympathetic to the poor guy's situation, despite the narrator being Old Shatterhand himself.
* InsultOfEndearment: The dreaded "greenhorn" is always the way Sam Hawkens views Old Shatterhand, no matter how experienced he becomes. He eventually becomes immune to it.
* InterdisciplinarySleuth: Old Shatterhand in the beginning of "Winnetou II", after one unfortunate encounter with a hurricane leaves him dirt poor in New York.
* IntergenerationalFriendship: Old Shatterhand tends to make friends with people who are either younger or older than him. Mostly older, both men and women.
* InvincibleHero: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand come off as this, despite getting captured and/or wounded several times.
* IronWoobie: Old Shatterhand and Winnetou, if one thinks about their actual experiences and ignores the stoic attitudes.
* IShouldWriteABookAboutThis: The reason you're reading these series in the first place.
* Jerkass: Old Wabble. Santer. The Meltons.
* JudgeJuryAndExecutioner: How the Law functions in the Wild West.
* JumpedAtTheCall: Charlie usually doesn't think much about acting heroically, though his natural intelligence, pragmatism, encyclopedic knowledge, and eventually his accumulating experience make sure he doesn't act ''stupidly'' heroic.
* KarmaHoudini: In-universe, this is what enemy Indian tribes think about Old Shatterhand. It comes to a head in "Winnetou's Heirs".
* KeepTheReward: One off-screen incident has Old Shatterhand save a rich boy from drowning. When his father tries to give him a few dollars as reward (not knowing who he is), an angry Winnetou intervenes and sets things straight. In fact, Old Shatterhand generally manages to avoid whatever rewards are thrown his way, including marriage arrangements; hilariously, he is a lot more demanding when it comes to his rights as an author.
* KickTheDog: Old Wabble.
* KickThemWhileTheyAreDown: Done figuratively, but also quite literally, whenever Winnetou and Old Shatterhand happen to fall prisoners to whatever enemy they have at the time. If they are tied up and laid on the ground, they ''will'' get kicked sooner or later. It's the icing on the cake of contemptuous speeches they get at the same time.
* TheLancer: Either Winnetou or Old Shatterhand, depending on the situation and who is the acting leader at the time.
* TheLeader: Winnetou, even though Old Shatterhand's much more talkative nature might give you a different impression...
* LegendaryWeapon: Old Shatterhand's and Winnetou's weapons are reputed. Also, easier to steal than the bloody horses. Since they are ''not'' sentient (no matter what the Comanches or the Sioux would have you believe), our heroes have to get them back on their own.
* LetsGetDangerous: What happens if you piss off Old Shatterhand. It happens less with Winnetou, but he is actually the deadly one.
* LikeADuckTakesToWater: Charlie to life in the Wild West. Lampshaded by Sam Hawkens using the duck-water comparison. He also compares himself to the mother hen abandoned on shore by the wayward duckling.
* LikeBrotherandSister: Old Shatterhand and Ntscho-tschi, much to her chagrin. In fact, this seems to be Old Shatterhand's approach to most young, attractive women he meets. Their own feelings on the matter vary.
* LivingLegend: Old Shatterhand and Winnetou. People know the names of their horses and guns and they are respected for their sense of justice, honour, incredible fighting skills and general awesomeness.
* LockedInTheDungeon: Lots of people, including Old Shatterhand once or twice. Though the definition of "dungeon" is a bit loose here.
* LoinCloth: Subverted in the books. Even though the most frequently encountered tribes (Apaches, Kiowas, Comanches) all live in the South, they all wear leather pants.
* LongHairedPrettyBoy: Winnetou.
* LoveHurts: Especially if you decide to fall for Old Shatterhand.
* MarkOfShame: Old Shatterhand does this twice in "The Black Mustang": first to the two Chinese workers who steal his and Winnetou's weapons (he cuts their long plaits, at Winnetou's suggestion), and then he reattaches those two plaits to the head of Comanche chief Tokvi-Kava. In both cases, the "victims" treat it as a great personal shame, though the Whites present are more confused by the choice of punishment.
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: Happens to Charlie ever so often. Sometimes he tries to ignore the implications, but mostly he ''knows'', and most importantly, he ''believes''.
* MercyKill: Usually towards animals that are gravely wounded.
** Tangua actually demands one from Old Shatterhand in "Winnetou's Heirs". Shatterhand refuses. Tangua considers him dishonorable for it, but you can probably guess who is right by the end...
* MessianicArchetype: Winnetou.
* MightMakesRight: White man's policy in ''any'' setting.
* MightyWhitey: More so in the novels, but also included in the films.
* MoralDilemma: Usually involving the rights of Native American tribes, though the situations are rarely black and white.
* Mummy: Charlie stumbles across some interesting (and smelly) ones in "The Land of the Mahdi".
* MysteryCult: The Shadows.
* NamedWeapons: Old Shatterhand has two guns, one a rare, but at least theoretically not unique ''Henrystutzen'' (Henry short rifle), the other named the ''Bärentöter'' (bear-slayer). Winnetou uses the unerring ''Silberbüchse'' (silver rifle), so named because it was decorated with silver stud-nails all over. Sam Hawkens said he wanted to be buried with his rifle, the somewhat temperamental [[ICallItVera Liddy]]. In the movies the Silberbüchse is referenced most and the Bärentöter has very little screen time.
* NearDeathClairvoyance: Klekih-Petra, lampshaded by Charlie.
* NoHonorAmongThieves
* NotSoHarmlessVillain: Old Wabble.
* NumberedSequels: Karl May wrote four books entitled ''Winnetou I'' (full title: ''Winnetou. 1. Band'', i. e. "Winnetou. Volume 1") to ''Winnetou IV'' (full title: ''Winnetou. 4. Band'', i. e. "Winnetou. Volume 4"), as well as three called ''Old Surehand I'' to ''Old Surehand III''. As Winnetou is killed in ''Winnetou III'' and ''Winnetou IV'' is very different in tone and subject from the previous three volumes (it relates of how Old Shatterhand, now in his 60s, returns to the Wild West to help erect a monument to his old companion and to oversee what happens to his legacy), the publishers retitled the fourth volume ''Winnetous Erben'' ("Winnetou's heirs") in 1914.
* TheOathBreaker
* ObfuscatingStupidity: Old Shatterhand. Occasionally some of his friends as well.
* OldFriend: Carpio in "Holy Night!
* OneThousandAndOneNights: Referenced in the Orient cycle, usually with an eye on realistic contrast by Charlie, and with as much panache as possible by Halef, who often compares Kara Ben Nemsi with a glorified Harun Al-Rashid, even when under enemy interrogation. (They actually believe him for five minutes or so, while Kara is fuming in his hiding place and contemplates leaving Halef to his fate for telling them he was looking for a suitable princess to marry.)
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: Often the case even between old friends.
* TheOnlyOneITrust: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand.
* OOCIsSeriousBusiness: When ''Winnetou'' goes ballistic, you know things are ''bad''.
* OutgrownSuchSillySuperstitions
* OurAngelsAreDifferent: Charlie calls them "angels", Winnetou calls them "warriors"...
* PacifismBackfire: Usually for Old Shatterhand.
* ThePampas: When Charlie goes to South America.
* PayEvilUntoEvil: Winnetou's initial choice, before Old Shatterhand talks him out of it and into full-blown idealism. He does it to several other characters from both the Wild West and the Orient cycle. In fact, Charlie is generally a "bad" influence to most of his long-term companions.
* PersonalEffectsReveal: Charlie going through Winnetou's rooms (from a secret location different from his native pueblo) in "Winnetou's Heirs".
* PlatonicDeclarationOfLove: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, all the bloody time, and completely honest and open about it, too.
* PlatonicLifePartners: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand. Kara Ben Nemsi and Hadji Halef Omar.
* PleaseDontLeaveMe: Pretty much literally Charlie's reaction when Winnetou foreshadows his own death.
* PluckyComicRelief: Sam Hawkens and Uncle Gunstick in most movies. Additional characters as well.
* PoliceAreUseless: Most of the times, sadly, though Charlie does try to give them the benefit of the doubt.
* PowerOfFriendship: The bond between Winnetou and Old Shatterhand is strong enough to move mountains.
** Their bond is so strong, it starts working even ''before'' they become friends, and even while, for all intents and purposes, they were actively enemies - except Old Shatterhand does everything in his not-inconsiderable power to save and protect Winnetou from whatever plans were made against him (even when said plans belonged to his good mentor Sam Hawkens, much to the westman's despair) and Winnetou, for all the wrestling and knife-induced wounds, has serious problems with letting the man simply bleed to death. It starts to get ridiculous when he literally puts himself between Old Shatterhand and a murderously angry Tangua - while Old Shatterhand was tied at the stake and couldn't defend himself properly. It's a wonder if any readers remember by that point that those two were still supposed to be enemies.
* PragmaticHero: You'd be surprised by some of Charlie's choices...
* {{Prequel}}: In the way the movies were produced, ''Winnetou I'' is this. Winnetou and Old Shatterhand were shown as very good pals in ''The Treasure of Silver Lake'', now we finally get to see how they met the first time.
** All the stories that feature Winnetou that were chronologically written and published after the end of the trilogy, and therefore tell of adventures that happened before Winnetou's death.
* PrayerPose: The buried statue in "The Realm of the Silver Lion".
* PreacherMan
* PrettyBoy: Winnetou is ''nearly'' this. The narratorial description manages to make it clear that he is ''visibly'' a badass, but other characters occasionally misjudge his lithe physique and beautiful features as "weak". Naturally, the CurbStompBattle that soon follows such observations sets things straight pretty damn fast.
* ThePromisedLand
* TheProphetMuhammad: A lot of the religious and political discussions in the Orient cycle feature him heavily (and usually respectfully).
* ProudWarriorRace: Most of the Native American tribes, the Arabic tribes, the Kurds, various African natives, and a couple of fictional ones.
* TheQuietOne: Winnetou. Pierre Brice at first complained that he had so few lines compared to Lex Barker as Old Shatterhand, but soon came to realize that by acting instead of speaking and by his dramatic presence he actually made a greater impression on the audience.
* QuintessentialBritishGentleman: Lord Castlepool. Sir David Lindsay.
* RagtagBunchofMisfits: All groups that tend to form around Old Shatterhand and Winnetou.
* RealMenLoveJesus: Old Shatterhand, and eventually Winnetou.
* RecoverySequence: Usually involves Charlie recovering from some life-threatening wound/illness.
* TheReveal: In-story, Charlie discovering Colma-Puschi's real identity. And the identity's of the two missing boys, though by that point it was obvious.
* TheRival: Conrad Werner versus Old Shatterhand. Old Shatterhand decides that IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy, and bows out of the competition without even acknowledging his feelings to the girl.
* SacrificialLion: Winnetou.
* SaveTheVillain: What Old Shatterhand constantly tries to do, though he is surprisingly astute in recognizing faked remorse and shows no mercy when the situation requires it.
* SavingTheWorldWithArt: What some folks try to do with Winnetou's statue in "Winnetou's Heirs". What Charlie manages to do using Winnetou's much more accurate picture, and his even more appropriate notebooks.
* SceneryPorn: Charlie gets rather descriptive when he is impressed by something. The short list includes pretty landscapes, nice horses, and Winnetou.
* ScenicRoute
* ScienceIsBad: Lots of people point out to Charlie how science and learning will screw up an honest man's head. Naturally, he disagrees.
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules!: Old Shatterhand is the one most often put in this situation, but all his close friends fall under the same moral code.
* SeaStories: "Surcouf" and "Captain Kaiman".
* SecretIdentity: Old Shatterhand is sometimes in situations that require this.
* SentientCosmicForce
* {{Sequel}}s
* SettingAsACharacter
* SettlingTheFrontier
* ShamingTheMob: Winnetou is the go-to character for this.
* TheShangriLa
* ShirtlessScene: Many, though Winnetou is the only one getting the flattering descriptions. Even Old Shatterhand tends to get
* SignatureScene
* SilkHidingSteel
* SnowedIn
* TheSoulSaver
* StarCrossedLovers: Charlie and Ntscho-tschi, Charlie and Martha, Charlie and Kaho-oto... though these were mostly one-sided on the girls' side, even with Martha.
* StayWithMeUntilIDie: Charlie gets to hold a lot of friends as they die, and at least one enemy.
* StealingTheCredit: Let's see: first, Charlie's lazy colleagues let him do almost all the work without giving him any credit for it and denigrating him in the process; then Rattler claims ''he'' killed the grizzly bear instead of the "greenhorn", and tries to pin the blame of one of the men getting killed by the bear on Charlie; in the later novel "Holy Night!" the Preacher steals (through a very complicated chain of events) one of Charlie's childhood poems from Germany and publishes it for his own profit; and there is at least one instance where someone else claims to be Old Shatterhand, but that incident happens off-page, and is quickly solved by the real Old Shatterhand, via unbeatable arguments. In his own words, "my fist to his head."
* StormingTheCastle
* SympathyForTheDevil: Something Charlie can't seem to stop doing...
* SympathyForTheHero: Something that happens to Charlie in "The Realm of the Silver Lion".
* TakingAdvantageofGenerosity
* ATasteOfTheLash
* TeethClenchedTeamwork
* Telepathy
* ThirstyDesert
* TragicBromance: If read in the context of May's ''entire'' body of work, Winnetou's death marks a deep change in Charlie, who gradually turns inwards and becomes involved in more "spiritual" adventures. This happens in the Orient cycle, though Winnetou is mentioned in the beginning.
* TranquilFury
* TricksterArchetype: If you step back and take a ''really'' good look at Old Shatterhand, you realise he's this, especially after he grows up a bit. He's always much more clever than the people around him, he's a consummate liar with a frightfully innocent face, is a truly honest man who nevertheless is willing to occasionally use (somewhat) dishonest means to reach his goals (though usually only when lives are on the line), always favors cunningness and yes, trickery instead of brute strength, if it ''does'' come down to using brute strength he is always able to somehow defeat much more powerful adversaries, is using ObfuscatingStupidity as often as he can, mostly to obtain information, not admit to his true identity for various reasons, and sometimes just ForTheLulz. He is often accused of having made a deal with the Devil/Evil Spirit because of how things always go his way. Both friends and enemies have called him "as cunning as a fox". (On a meta level, author Karl May must have been well-acquainted to the tales of Reineke the Fox, and was something of a real-life Trickster figure himself.)
* TrueCompanions: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand, plus whatever friends they gathered around at any given time.
* TryAndFollow
* TwilightOfTheOldWest: In "Winnetou's Heirs".
* UndercoverCopReveal
* UnderestimatingBadassery
* UndyingLoyalty: Winnetou and Old Shatterhand. Even when one of them ''does'' physically die, the loyalty does not.
* UnsportsmanlikeGloating: Something most badguys are prone to, while Charlie and Winnetou strongly oppose. At one point in "Treasure of the Silver Lake", Winnetou is on the receiving end of one of these, from a particularly old and nasty enemy Indian chief.
* ViolenceIstheOnlyOption
* VirtueIsWeakness
* VisionQuest
* WasOnceAMan: The "energetic vampire".
* TheWestern: Filmed German style!
* WhamLine: "Well, then. If my brother Colma-Puschi has to leave, I'm asking my ''sister'' Colma-Puschi to stay a while longer."
* WhipItGood: Don't give Halef any excuse to reach for his whip.
* WorthyOpponent: What everyone thinks of Old Shatterhand and Winnetou, no matter how much they might want to personally strangle them.
* YouAreNotAlone: Winnetou manages to do this for Charlie... some 30 years after his death. Lampshaded by other characters.
* YouLookFamiliar: Karin Dor played the role of Ellen Patterson in ''Tas,he Treasure of Silver Lake''. In ''Last of the Renegades'', she played Winnetou's Love Interest, an Indian girl Ribanna. And in "Winnetou and Shatterhand in the Valley of Death" she plays Mabel, the daughter of major Kingsley.
* YouSaidYouWouldLetThemGo: Tangua tries to avoid keeping his word of releasing the Apache prisoners by doing a very literal interpretation of his agreement with Old Shatterhand. He isn't actively trying to kill them anymore; instead, he would let them die of hunger and thirst. Fortunately, it's not a problem for more than a quarter of a page before the ''rest'' of the Apaches come back and attack.
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