[[caption-width-right:300:On top, the actual book. On the bottom, the (infamous) minstrel shows.]]

''Uncle Tom's Cabin'' is a classic anti-slavery work written by abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853, a few years before UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar. It was [[FairForItsDay ferociously controversial in its day.]]

In the beginning, Uncle Tom, Eliza, her husband George (belonging to another owner, but allowed to have a family), and her son Harry are all living relatively happily in a cabin behind a house in Kentucky. They have a good and kind master, Mr. Arthur Shelby. George is even earning money at another establishment.

Then Mr. Shelby gets into debt gambling, and he has to split up the establishment to pay the bills. Uncle Tom is sold to a slave trader who will then sell him "down the river"[[note]]slang for "being sold to masters further in the South, where conditions were generally harsher"[[/note]], and goes along with it because if he were to run, he'd just leave many of the other slaves to be sold instead. Harry is also considered for sale as a young and beautiful boy; rather than let literally unspeakable things happen to her child, Eliza scoops him up and makes a run for freedom, going so far as to cross the Ohio river from ice floe to ice floe. This dissuades her pursuers, since they think NoOneCouldSurviveThat. George had previously escaped from his own owner who treats him ''real'' bad, and years ago separated him from his older sister Emily. Eliza and George are eventually reunited when they are taken in by a community of Quakers. Unfortunately, this is after the Fugitive Slave Act, so they have to run for the northern border.

Tom is bought by Augustine St. Claire after Tom befriends and rescues his IllGirl daughter Evangeline. [[MagicalNegro Tom]] and [[TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth Eva]] combined eventually straighten Augustine out -- he was good for a New Orleans native, but he was also a fatalistic atheist. All of them combined help his sister Ophelia, a New Englander who hates slavery but didn't think of slaves as people until Augustine gave her one.

Augustine resolves to set Tom free in the aftermath of Eva's death. Unfortunately, [[DiabolusExMachina his evil wife refuses to be made aware of this]] after Augustine is suddenly and meaninglessly killed in a tavern; she sells all the slaves that aren't her own property. (Yes, there were debts.) Tom ends up in the hands of the vicious sadist Simon Legree, who soon becomes determined to break Tom's Christian spirit or kill him in the attempt.

Stowe wrote this novel as an indictment of slavery. She uses SarcasmMode heavily, reminding readers that Tom, George, and Eliza are property, that attempts to help George and Eliza are illegal, etc. It is well-written and incisive, but the relative idyllism of the first couple of chapters, and her using self-sacrificing Tom as an example (he will do what his masters ask unless it is against his faith), have led to sharp ValuesDissonance since. (There was some at the time, too, but of a different variety.)

TropeNamer for the trope UncleTomFoolery, although that trope was much more exhibited in the [[MinstrelShows minstrel show]] version created out of nostalgia for the slave trade.

Stowe's novel was adapted for the stage not long after it was released and has been adapted for film many times. The 1914 film has been placed in the UsefulNotes/NationalFilmRegistry.
!!This work contains examples of:
* ActionSurvivor: Eliza and her husband George.
* AllLovingHero: Uncle Tom and Evangeline.
* AntiVillain: Mr. St. Clair is a kindly Southern dandy who is extremely lenient with his slaves and maintains them in a prosperous lifestyle. While he admits (when pressed) that keeping fellow Christians as possessions is probably immoral, he can't stand to inconvenience himself by losing all his slaves.
* AuthorTract: The novel is an antislavery polemic aimed at female readers, who were considered the guardians of Christian morality at the time. The narrator will frequently talk directly to the reader about how she should feel about what is going on, and ultimately ends up begging the reader to influence her husband into supporting abolition. The book is also very much in favor of supporting Liberia, which [[WorldGoneMad didn't turn out so well]].
* {{Badass Preacher}}s: The Quakers that help Eliza, George and little Harry to run away. [[spoiler: They also help Tom Locker to have his HeelFaceTurn after he's injured and they help him out]].
* BrainlessBeauty: Marie St. Clare.
* BrattyHalfPint: Topsy
* BreakoutCharacter: Mr. Haley.
* BreakTheCutie: Eliza, Uncle Tom, Emmeline.
* BrokenBird: Cassie, Prue (even more so).
* CreepyLongFingers: Marks the bounty hunter has his hands compared to raven claws.
* DastardlyWhiplash: Simon Legree is considered the TropeMaker, although he's a much more shaded, three dimensional character in the book than any of the whiplashes inspired by him, which often turned his persona into a [[ShallowParody mild caricature of its former self.]]
* DeadpanSnarker: Augustine and Miss Ophelia.
* DefrostingIceQueen: Miss Ophelia, Cassie.
* DrugsAreBad: Like many social reformers of her day, Stowe was a DryCrusader. When alcohol appears in the novel, it is not presented in a favorable light.
* HappinessInSlavery: Averted in the novel itself, but the publication of this book produced a slew of pro-slavery novels (Anti-Tom Literature) depicting the slaves as either mentally unfit for freedom or happy with their lot in life.
* HeelFaceTurn:[[spoiler:Tom Loker, the slave hunter; Sambo and Kimbo at Legree's plantation]].
* HeroicBSOD: Tom, during his first days in Legree's plantation. [[spoiler: Luckily for him, when Legree tries to [[KickThemWhileTheyAreDown twist the knife even more]], Tom reacts and deal a ShutUpHannibal to him]].
* HeroicSacrifice: [[spoiler: Tom is whipped to death after helping Cassie and Emmeline to run away. He still manages to live enough to see George Shelby before he dies ''and'' to redeem [[HeelFaceTurn two of his tormentors]], Sambo and Kimbo]].
* GoodScarsEvilScars: George Harris's slavery mark on his hand.
* IgnoredEpiphany: Legree has a brief moment of surprise that Tom is still claiming to forgive him even as [[spoiler:he's being whipped to death]]. There's a hint that he might change his mind, but the moment passes and Legree resumes his vicious cruelty.
* IllGirl: Evangeline, who has tuberculosis.
* KnightInSourArmor: Tom, especially when on Legree's plantation.
* LongLostRelative: Two, actually:
** [[spoiler: George Harris had an older sister, Emily, who was sold by their cruel owner. Near the end of the story, George Shelby befriends a French woman named Madame the Thoux, who turns out to be the long-lost and now grown-up Emily. With his help, the siblings are eventually reunited.]]
** [[spoiler: Cassie actually had a daughter, who was taken away from her when she was sold as a slave. Said daughter? Eliza Harris. Again, they're reunited thanks to George Shelby.]]
* MagicalNegro: Tom, especially at the St. Clare home.
* ManlyTears: ''"[[{{Tearjerker}} George Shelby wept tears that honored his manly heart..."]]''
* MessianicArchetype: Tom models his life on UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}}, and does it well enough to shake the lifelong beliefs and habitual cruelties of almost every character he meets. Even Simon Legree, although that one only leads to an IgnoredEpiphany.
* NaiveEverygirl: Poor, poor Emmeline.
* NonRoyalPrincess: Evangeline, Miss Ophelia, Mrs. Alice Shelby, Mrs. Bird.
* OffingTheOffspring: [[spoiler: Cassie]] smothered her baby to [[MercyKill save it from a life of slavery]].
* OneSteveLimit: Averted. Tom the slave and Tom Loker the bounty hunter.
* PunchClockVillain: Most of the slave traders, auctioneers, and owners. Owning and selling slaves is simply part of their jobs; their aim is to earn money, and they'll be kind or cruel depending on what gives them the most profit. They're villains not primarily because of how they treat the slaves, but because they simply don't think the slaves are fully human beings. Their cruelty is just a matter of efficiency and profit.
* RealMenHateSugar: Invoked; Marks' preference of fruit punch and mint creme liquer over hard liquor are treated with the same gravity as someone who eats their cereal without milk.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: [[spoiler:Augustine St. Clare]].
* RoyalBrat: St. Clare's nephew Henrique, though he gets better after Eva gives him a WhatTheHellHero.
* RichBitch: Mary St. Clare.
* ShelteredAristocrat: George and Alfred. St. Clair is a more cynical version.
* SinisterSchnoz: Marks the bounty hunter.
* SlaveryIsASpecialKindOfEvil: A major theme.
* SouthernGentleman: Augustine St. Clair who represents the slave-owning class at its best. Tom nevertheless makes it clear to him that slavery is wrong even under the most benign circumstances.
* StepfordSmiler: Lampshaded when Legree is taking his new slaves to his plantation.
-->''It was sung very boisterously, and with a forced attempt at merriment; but no wail of despair, no words of impassioned prayer, could have had such a depth of woe in them as the wild notes of the chorus. As if the poor, dumb heart, threatened,--prisoned,--took refuge in that inarticulate sanctuary of music, and found there a language in which to breathe its prayer to God! There was a prayer in it, which Simon could not hear.''
* StylisticSuck: "Mas'r Seed me Cotch a Coon".
* SweetPollyOliver: [[spoiler: To escape to Canada with her family without being noticed, Eliza must [[ImportantHaircut cut her long hair]] and crossdress at some point. Reversely, little Harry becomes a pint-sized WholesomeCrossdresser and dress up like a little girl]].
* TalkToTheFist: After Simon Legree presses George Shelby's BerserkButton by mocking Shelby for "all this fuss, about" [[spoiler:Tom's murder]].
* TeamDad: Tom takes up this role pretty much towards ''everyone'' in the places he works at. Yes, even at Legree's horrible manse, where he helps the other slaves and they call him "Father Tom".
* TeamMom: Tom's wife Chloe.
** Arguably, also Miss Ophelia. Eva tries to be this, though she's obviously too young and sickly for it.
* TenderTears: Tom cries often, and so does George Shelby.
* TokenGoodTeammate: Though the story is about the evils of the slave trade, and it's heavily implied the more evil masters are more typical, Messrs. Shelby and St. Clare aren't so bad, as far as slave owners go.
** However, the author uses this to show that even "good" masters aren't good -- they may die or become impoverished, leaving the slaves to a cruel master; and even the slaves of a good master would rather be free employees.
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Topsy and Eva.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth [[spoiler:Tom and little Evangeline]].
* UncleTomFoolery: This book inspired the ''name'' of the trope, but this was due to a case of 'complaining about novels you haven't read.' Tom actually remains subservient because of his strong Christian values, but he was still a strong, respected figure - in fact, a DoomedMoralVictor. It was the plays and movies that came out during the Jim Crow / segregation years that edited Tom to be less "threatening" to white audiences, making him older and turning his Christian meekness into outright groveling.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Stowe got the inspiration for Eliza's flight across the icy Ohio River from [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rankin_%28abolitionist%29#The_real_Eliza an incident her abolition friend John Rankin]] told her on one of her visits to his home (and Underground Railroad hot-spot) along the river.

!!Tropes unique to the 1914 film:

* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Eva's soul is shown leaving her body and floating up to angels in Heaven. It's actually more like WingedSoulFliesOffAtDeath except she doesn't have wings. At the end Jim's soul ascends to meet Eva.
* {{Blackface}}: Played straight with Boots Wall and the character of Topsy, maybe because she is the most unpleasant stereotype. Averted with all the other slaves. Sam Lucas, who played Uncle Tom, is believed to be the first black actor to star in a film aimed at white audiences.
* CeilingCling: In a tree rather than a ceiling. Escaped slave Jim Vance hides in the branches of a tree while a slave-catcher posse nails a notice offering a reward for him to the trunk of said tree.
* TheFilmOfTheBook: Follows the novel pretty closely, minus all the parts that [[AdaptationDistillation had to be left out]] when making a 45-minute film.
* FreeRangeChildren: Eva is skipping along on the edge of a boat when, not surprisingly, she falls off into the river. In the novel she was rushing to the pier to meet her father.
* TimeSkip: Several, since the movie covers a couple of decades, but one is announced by a title card as two years later.
!!Tropes unique to the 1927 film:

* {{Blackface}}: Tom is the only major black character to be played by a black actor.
* CompositeCharacter: Instead of escaping to Canada, the Harris family is captured and sold down the river. This leads to Eliza taking the place of Emmeline.
* SettingUpdate: Since it was written before the Civil War, the novel obviously takes place entirely during the antebellum era. In this version, the Civil War starts midway through the story, allowing the Union Army to serve as TheCavalry at the end.
!!Tropes unique to the 1987 film:

* NotHisSled: The iconic scene of Eliza crossing the Ohio River on ice floes is not included. Instead, the scene takes place in spring and she crosses on a raft. Apparently, the change was made out of consideration of the fact that the actress was pregnant at the time.