[[caption-width-right:350:Dorothy, Toto, the Scarecrow, and the Tin-Woodman meet the Cowardly Lion.]]

->''"The story of 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' was written solely to pleasure children of today. It aspires to being a modernized fairy tale, in which the wonderment and joy are retained and the heart-aches and nightmares are left out."''
-->--'''Creator/LFrankBaum''', The introduction to first-print copies of the book

'''''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz''''', written by [[Creator/LFrankBaum Lyman (long for "L.") Frank Baum]] in 1900, was an instant success, which has been much {{homage}}d and parodied. It had many sequels, beginning with ''The Marvelous Land of Oz'', about which see [[Literature/LandOfOz a separate entry]].

Dorothy is a little girl from Kansas whose farmhouse is carried away to Oz by a tornado, with her and her dog Toto inside. The tornado drops the house on the WickedWitch of the East, killing her. Dorothy is quickly fetched by the native Munchkins as a hero, but wants nothing more than to get home. The un-named Good Witch of the North is sympathetic, but unfortunately has never heard of this strange place called "Kansas". So she gives Dorothy the wicked witch's silver shoes, kisses her on the forehead for magical protection, and sends her off to the capital -- the [[CityOfGold Emerald City]] -- to ask the Wizard who rules there for his advice.

Along the way, Dorothy meets the Scarecrow (who wants a brain), the Tin Woodman (who misses his heart), and the Cowardly Lion (who wishes he had courage). Together they travel to the Emerald City and ask for help from the Wizard, who orders them to first kill the aptly-named Wicked Witch of the West. The Witch, after seeing Dorothy and her friends heading towards her lair, enslaves the girl, and schemes to claim the magical silver shoes for herself.

The book has received quite a few adaptations since its publication, with the 1939 movie musical ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' becoming the most famous version of the story. While the basic story seems close, the movie did make several deviations and edits. Just a few of the parts that the film either altered or removed include the fact that there are two Good Witches (rather than the film's sole one), the {{Denouement}} journey after the defeat of the Wicked Witch, and (most significantly) the ending, which in the movie implied that Dorothy's adventure was AllJustADream, while in the book it is all most definitely real.

Check out the [[Characters/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz Character Sheet]].

For a list of the many, many adaptations, see TheWizardOfOz.
!!The book version of ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'' includes examples of:
* AllJustADream: [[AvertedTrope Averted]] in the original books. Baum himself stated that the land of Oz is located somewhere in the world, it's just surrounded by impassable desert.
* AndIMustScream: The Tin Woodman was stuck with his joints rusted, unable to move or even speak. Who knows how much longer he would have been stuck there had Dorothy and the Scarecrow not encountered him.
* AppliedPhlebotinum: The Wicked Witch of the West's Golden Cap, which she uses to control the Winged Monkeys.
* ArmlessBiped: Hammerheads, who attack by extending their necks ''à la'' a jack-in-the-box.
* TheBeastmaster: the Wicked Witch of the West's main source of power is in her animal servants - a pack of black wolves, a murder of crows, a swarm of black bees, and the Golden Cap that allows her to summon the Winged Monkeys thrice. When most of those minions are slain and the Cap's powers exhausted, the Witch seems to be almost powerless.
* BewareTheNiceOnes: The Tin Woodman. Sweetest, nicest, most loyal guy you'd ever encounter. Cried himself rusted over accidentally killing a harmless bug. ''Threaten'' an innocent life, and his axe will be used to make the offender a head shorter.
* BeeBeeGun: The Wicked Witch of the West can control a bee swarm.
* BondVillainStupidity: The Wicked Witch of the West is too concerned about self-preservation to even try to steal Dorothy's silver slippers (due to her fear of the dark and her weakness against water). Of course, she later wises up and steals one slipper using a cheap shot (read: invisible brick). Unfortunately for her, when Dorothy's slippers are messed with, it's a BerserkButton; Dorothy swiftly retaliates by weaponizing the Witch's weakness and mopping up the remains.
** Justified - In the novel, the Good Witch of the North put a protection spell on Dorothy in addition to granting her the shoes. In [[Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand Volkov's version]], the silver shoes themselves protect Ellie (Dorothy) from harm, and she never removes them, even when sleeping. This is why both the Winged Monkeys and the Witch are afraid to harm her. Of course, that didn't prevent the Witch in either version from torturing Dorothy's ''friends'' to get her compliance.
* BoringReturnJourney
* BridgeLogic: The Scarecrow has the Tin Woodman do this by chopping down a tree... and then has him chop it down again, with the pursuing Kalidahs still on it. The book was published in 1900, making this one OlderThanTelevision.
* CityOfGold: The Emerald City.
* ChekhovsGun: The Tornado itself actually set in motion the plots for later books [[spoiler: Due to the stress of Dorothy being carried away, Uncle Henry and Dorothy go on a vacation, which in turn during which, Dorothy ends up in Oz a second time via shipwreck. Then later it turns out that the destruction of the house and farm from the tornado took a toll on her Aunt and Uncle's wallet, in which they couldn't afford to live anywhere. In turn Dorothy brings them to Oz, to live and never worry about money again]]
* ColorCodedForYourConvenience: Blue is the colour of the Munchkins and Green is the colour of the Emerald City. Witches all wear white so when the Munchkins see Dorothy wearing her white and blue checked dress they assume she is a witch as well as a friend to them because of those colours. Furthermore, yellow is the favorite color of the Winkies in the West (they're even called Yellow Winkies), and red for the Quadlings of the South.
%% * CowardlyLion:
* CreepyCrows: A murder of crows serves the Wicked Witch of the West. She sends them out to kill Dorothy and her companions, but the Scarecrow kills them instead.
* CyberneticsEatYourSoul: The TinMan is convinced of this, despite being the most empathetic person in the series and prone to TenderTears.
* DeadpanSnarker: Surprisingly, the narrator in ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'' shows this at times.
-->"For," they said, "there is not another city in all the world that is ruled by a stuffed man." And, so far as they knew, they were quite right.
* DownTheRabbitHole
* DungeonMaster: The Wizard
* EvilMakesYouUgly: All the bad witches are ugly.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Natch. This goes double for the book, in which after journeying all that way to see the wizard, the company then has to make another journey to Glinda so Dorothy can go home.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Quite a few characters, including the Wicked Witches of the East and West, the Good Witch of the North and the wizard himself even in his true form.
* FairyTale: Wizard of Oz was Baum's attempt to write an "American" fairy tale. A supposedly less violent and frightening version, he said. Speaking of which...
* FamilyUnfriendlyDeath
** The deaths of the wolves:
--->He seized his axe, which he had made very sharp, and as the leader of the wolves came on the Tin Woodman swung his arm and chopped the wolf’s head from its body, so that it immediately died. As soon as he could raise his axe another wolf came up, and he also fell under the sharp edge of the Tin Woodman’s weapon. There were forty wolves, and forty times a wolf was killed, so that at last they all lay dead in a heap before the Woodman.
** The deaths of the crows:
--->The King Crow flew at the Scarecrow, who caught it by the head and twisted its neck until it died. And then another crow flew at him, and the Scarecrow twisted its neck also. There were forty crows, and forty times the Scarecrow twisted a neck, until at last all were lying dead beside him.
** In a scene unimaginable in any movie version, the Lion decapitates a giant spider with his claws!
* FamilyUnfriendlyViolence: The Tin Woodman's origin among others.
* FeetOfClay: The wizard himself.
* ForbiddenZone: The Deadly Desert.
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: Cowardly Lion (choleric/melancholic), Tin Woodman (melancholic/sanguine), Scarecrow (sanguine/choleric), and Dorothy (leukine/phlegmatic).
* GodGuise: The wizard is just a fraud from Omaha.
* GoodAllAlong: All of the Wicked Witch's servants, including the Winged Monkeys.
** Actually, the Wolves, the Crows and the Bees are debatable.
* GoodThingYouCanHeal: Not having a brain, the Scarecrow never thinks to avoid pits in the road that keep tripping him, but luckily he can't actually get hurt.
* HeartTrauma: The Tin Woodman's entire motivation in the original book that he erroneously believed he was experiencing this. Since he had literally lost his heart, he thought he had lost his capacity for kindness and love. In fact, he was almost saintlike in his love and kindness toward nearly everything he met; he just wasn't sentimental or strongly emotional.
* HomeSweetHome
* TheHomewardJourney
* InvisibleBlock: Well, an invisible iron bar, which the Wicked Witch summons to make Dorothy lose a shoe.
* {{Irony}}: The Scarecrow wants a brain, the Tin Woodman wants a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wants courage. Throughout their adventures, guess who comes up with all the plans, is unusually tender-hearted, and casually displays real courage? Yeah...
* ItSucksToBeTheChosenOne: Dorothy sure has to go through a lot because of those shoes.
* ItWasWithYouAllAlong: Dorothy is an example.
* IWasQuiteALooker: Aunt Em is said to have been cheerful and pretty when she came to live in Kansas but the sun and wind took away her sparkle and left her sad and grey.
* KillItWithFire: Discussed. The Scarecrow feels no pain and can recover from any injury as long as his body remains more or less intact (new straw and he's good to go), but if he catches fire, he'll be dead for real.
* KillItWithWater: How the Wicked Witch of the West meets her demise.
* LiteralChangeOfHeart: The Tin Man, who wants to get a heart from the Wizard. (May be a subversion, in that he's just as nice without it.)
* LogicalWeakness: The Scarecrow, being cloth and straw, is afraid of fire. The Tin Woodman will rust at the joints and become unable to move if he is in prolonged contact with water.
* MadeASlave
* MagicFeather: Dorothy's friends already possess the qualities that they seek, but they insist on getting a MagicFeather from the Wizard anyway.
* MagicKiss: Dorothy receives a kiss which marks her as [[ProtectiveCharm under the protection]] of the Witch of the North.
* MagicalLand: Oz and the countries around it.
* TheMagocracy: The Quadling (South) Country of Oz is this, being ruled by Glinda.
* MixAndMatchCritters: The winged monkeys, and the Kalidahs (part tiger, part bear).
* NonHumanSidekick: Lots of them.
* NoSell: The Wicked Witch of The West uses wolves and bees against Dorothy's party... that includes a tireless scarecrow who feels no pain and an equally tireless metal man whose body is completely impervious to bites and stings.
* OfferedTheCrown
* OutsideTheBoxTactic: See WeaksauceWeakness below.
* ParentalBonus
* PhonyDegree: For the Scarecrow.
* PublicDomainCharacter: The book is now public domain.
* ProtectiveCharm: The good witch's kiss, the silver shoes.
* TheQuest: Dorothy's quest to go home
* ReallyWasBornYesterday: The Scarecrow.
* SerialProstheses: The Tin Woodman is an extreme example, having literally replaced his entire body serially.
* SetBonus: While you need both slippers to get wishes, just wearing one is a powerful ProtectiveCharm.
* ShadowDictator: The Wizard
* ShiningCity: The Emerald City.
* ShroudedInMyth: The Wizard
* SinglePaletteTown: The Emerald City and each of the four quadrants of Oz: blue for the Munchkins to the east, yellow for the Winkies to the west and red for the Quadlings to the south. Though this book does not mention it, the Gilikins in the north have purple.
** To be fair, in at least the first books, the Emerald City is only apparently all-green because anyone entering/living there is made to wear green-lensed glasses that make everything look that way.
* SortingAlgorithmOfThreateningGeography: We begin in idyllic, rural Munchkin Country, and then pass through (in this order) a deep forest, a field of poisonous poppies, a country controlled by a wicked witch, a bizarre wilderness populated by [[WhenTreesAttack fighting trees]] and [[ArmlessBiped creatures with spring-loaded heads]], and then, to top it all off, ''a city full of unfriendly people who are made of porcelain''. There are multiple pleasant (i.e. less weird) spots along the way, of course, but the general tendency seems to be that the journey just keeps getting weirder.
* TalkingAnimal: The Lion.
* TearsOfRemorse
* TechnicolorDeath: The Wicked Witch of the West melts after being thrown a bucket of water, her weakness.
* TenderTears: The Tin Woodman is prone to this, but he has to be careful because his tears can cause his joints to rust.
* TheresNoPlaceLikeHome: Dorothy's reason for wanting to see the Wizard, to the extent that she almost name-drops the Trope while chatting with the Scarecrow.
-->'''Scarecrow:''' I cannot understand why you should wish to leave this beautiful country and go back to the dry, gray place you call Kansas.\\
'''Dorothy:''' That is because you have no brains. No matter how dreary and gray our homes are, we people of flesh and blood would rather live there than in any other country, be it ever so beautiful. There is no place like home.
* TheseusShipParadox: The Tin Woodman pissed off a witch who enchanted his ax so that it would cut off pieces of him, and he went to a tinsmith to replace the missing parts. Eventually he was made entirely out of tin - but since it was a gradual process, he's still human Nick Chopper and not a new person.
* ThresholdGuardians: The Guardian of the Gates of the Emerald City
* TrappedInAnotherWorld: Dorothy and, for that matter, the Wizard.
* UnableToSupportAWife: In the Tin Woodman's BackStory, the reason the witch gave for keeping him from marrying.
* WeaksauceWeakness: The Wicked Witch of the West melts when hit by water.
* WhenTreesAttack: The Fighting Trees they run into while they going to Glinda's palace in the south.
* WitchSpecies
* WickedWitch: Obviously, the Wicked Witches of the West and East. The Good Witches of the North and South are an inversion (and a rather radical one too, as the notion of a good witch was alien at the time).
* WidowsWeeds: Dorothy fears that if she doesn't return, Aunt Em will think she is dead and go into mourning, and Uncle Henry won't be able to afford the required mourning wardrobe.
* TheWonderland: Oz itself, with talking scarecrows and robots before there were robots...