[[caption-width-right:350:Dorothy, Toto, the Scarecrow, and the Tin-Woodman meet the Cowardly Lion.]]

->''"The story of 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz' was written solely to pleasure children of today. It aspires to being a modernized fairy tale, in which the wonderment and joy are retained and the heart-aches and nightmares are left out."''
-->-- '''Creator/LFrankBaum''', The introduction to first-print copies of the book

''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'', written by Creator/LFrankBaum in 1900, was an instant success, which has been much {{homage}}d and parodied. It spawned many sequels, beginning with ''Literature/TheMarvelousLandOfOz''. For the rest, see [[Literature/LandOfOz here]].

Dorothy is a little girl from Kansas whose farmhouse is carried away to Oz by a cyclone, with her and her dog Toto inside. The cyclone drops the house on the WickedWitch of the East, killing her. Dorothy is quickly hailed by the native Munchkins as a hero, but wants nothing more than to get home. The unnamed Good Witch of the North is sympathetic, but unfortunately has never heard of this strange place called "Kansas". So she gives Dorothy the wicked witch's silver shoes, kisses her on the forehead for magical protection, and sends her off to the capital -- the [[CityOfGold Emerald City]] -- to ask the Wizard who rules there for his advice.

Along the way, Dorothy meets the Scarecrow (who wants a brain), the Tin Woodman (who misses his heart), and the Cowardly Lion (who wishes he had courage). Together they travel to the Emerald City and ask for help from the Wizard, who orders them to first kill the aptly-named Wicked Witch of the West. The Witch, after seeing Dorothy and her friends heading towards her lair, enslaves the girl, and schemes to claim the magical silver shoes for herself.

The book has received quite a few adaptations since its publication, with the 1939 movie musical ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' becoming the most famous version of the story. While the basic plot structure seems close, the movie made several deviations and edits – for instance the film's having only one Good Witch instead of two, the complete omission of the {{denouement}} journey after the defeat of the Wicked Witch, and most significantly the ending (the film implies Dorothy's adventure is AllJustADream, while in the book it's most definitely real).

Check out the [[Characters/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz Character Sheet]].

For a list of the many, many adaptations, see Franchise/LandOfOz.
!!The book version of ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'' includes examples of:
* AllJustADream: [[AvertedTrope Averted]] in the original books. Baum himself stated that the land of Oz is located somewhere in the world, it's just surrounded by impassable desert.
* AnAxeToGrind: The Tin Woodsman, being, well, a woodsman.
* AndIMustScream: The Tin Woodman was stuck with his joints rusted, unable to move or even speak. Who knows how much longer he would have been stuck there had Dorothy and the Scarecrow not encountered him?
* AppliedPhlebotinum: The Wicked Witch of the West's Golden Cap, which she uses to control the Winged Monkeys.
* ArmlessBiped: Hammerheads, who attack by extending their necks ''à la'' a jack-in-the-box.
* TheBeastmaster: the Wicked Witch of the West's main source of power is in her animal servants - a pack of black wolves, a murder of crows, a swarm of black bees, and the Golden Cap that allows her to summon the Winged Monkeys thrice. When most of those minions are slain and the Cap's powers exhausted, the Witch seems to be almost powerless.
* BewareTheNiceOnes: The Tin Woodman. Sweetest, nicest, most loyal guy you'd ever encounter. Cried himself rusted over accidentally killing a harmless bug. ''Threaten'' an innocent life, and his axe will be used to make the offender a head shorter.
* BeeBeeGun: The Wicked Witch of the West can control a bee swarm.
* BondVillainStupidity: The Wicked Witch of the West is too concerned about self-preservation to even try to steal Dorothy's silver slippers (due to her fear of the dark and her weakness against water). Of course, she later wises up and steals one slipper using a cheap shot (read: invisible brick). Unfortunately for her, when Dorothy's slippers are messed with, it's a BerserkButton; Dorothy swiftly retaliates by weaponizing the Witch's weakness and mopping up the remains. Justified -- in the novel, the Good Witch of the North put a protection spell on Dorothy in addition to granting her the shoes. This is why both the Winged Monkeys and the Witch are afraid to harm her. Of course, that didn't prevent the Witch in either version from torturing Dorothy's ''friends'' to get her compliance. [[note]] In [[Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand Volkov's version]], the silver shoes themselves protect Ellie (Dorothy) from harm, and she never removes them, even when sleeping.[[/note]]
* BoringReturnJourney: There's quite a lot of story after the Wicked Witch of the West is killed, but not a whole lot of danger.
* BridgeLogic: The Scarecrow has the Tin Woodman do this by chopping down a tree... and then has him chop it down again, with the pursuing Kalidahs still on it. The book was published in 1900, making this one OlderThanTelevision.
* CityOfGold: The Emerald City.
* ChekhovsGun: The cyclone actually set in motion the plots for later books. [[spoiler:In order to cope with the residual stress from Dorothy being carried away, Uncle Henry decides to take a vacation. Dorothy joins him, but ends up in Oz a second time after being blown overboard from their ship. Later, the destruction of their house and farm via that cyclone took a toll on Henry and Em's finances, leaving them unable to afford to live anywhere. Dorothy and Ozma bring them to Oz so they would never need to worry about money again.]]
* ColorCodedForYourConvenience: Blue is the colour of the Munchkins and Green is the colour of the Emerald City. Witches all wear white so when the Munchkins see Dorothy wearing her white and blue checked dress they assume she is a witch as well as a friend to them because of those colours. Furthermore, yellow is the favorite color of the Winkies in the West (they're even called Yellow Winkies), and red for the Quadlings of the South.
* CowardlyLion: The TropeNamer, although while he professes to be a thorough coward, his actions in defense of his friends consistently speak otherwise.
* CreepyCrows: A murder of crows serves the Wicked Witch of the West. She sends them out to kill Dorothy and her companions, but the Scarecrow kills them instead.
* CyberneticsEatYourSoul: The TinMan is convinced of this, despite being the most empathetic person in the series and prone to TenderTears.
* DeadpanSnarker: Surprisingly, the narrator in ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz'' shows this at times.
-->"For," they said, "there is not another city in all the world that is ruled by a stuffed man." And, so far as they knew, they were quite right.
* DownTheRabbitHole: Dorothy's magical transportation to Oz via cyclone.
%%* DungeonMaster: The Wizard.
* EvilMakesYouUgly: All the bad witches are ugly.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Natch. This goes double for the book, in which after journeying all that way to see the wizard, the company then has to make another journey to Glinda so Dorothy can go home.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Quite a few characters, including the Wicked Witches of the East and West, the Good Witch of the North and the wizard himself even in his true form.
* FairyTale: ''Wizard of Oz'' was Baum's attempt to write an "American" fairy tale. A supposedly less violent and frightening version, he said.
* FamilyUnfriendlyDeath
** The deaths of the wolves:
--->He seized his axe, which he had made very sharp, and as the leader of the wolves came on the Tin Woodman swung his arm and chopped the wolf’s head from its body, so that it immediately died. As soon as he could raise his axe another wolf came up, and he also fell under the sharp edge of the Tin Woodman’s weapon. There were forty wolves, and forty times a wolf was killed, so that at last they all lay dead in a heap before the Woodman.
** The deaths of the crows:
--->The King Crow flew at the Scarecrow, who caught it by the head and twisted its neck until it died. And then another crow flew at him, and the Scarecrow twisted its neck also. There were forty crows, and forty times the Scarecrow twisted a neck, until at last all were lying dead beside him.
** In a scene unimaginable in any movie version, the Lion decapitates a GiantSpider with his claws!
** In a roundabout way, the original Woodsman, who kept having body parts cut off him til there was no Woodsman left and just essentially a tin robot with his memories.
* FamilyUnfriendlyViolence: The Tin Woodman's origin among others.
* FeetOfClay: The wizard himself.
* ForbiddenZone: The Deadly Desert.
%%* FourTemperamentEnsemble: Cowardly Lion (choleric/melancholic), Tin Woodman (melancholic/sanguine), Scarecrow (sanguine/choleric), and Dorothy (leukine/phlegmatic).
* GemEncrusted: {{Downplayed}} with the Golden Cap, which has "a circle of sparkling diamonds and red rubies running around its solid gold brim".
* GiantSpider: Or something like it:
--> "We are all threatened," answered the tiger, "by a fierce enemy which has lately come into this forest. It is a most tremendous monster, like a great spider, with a body as big as an elephant and legs as long as a tree trunk. It has eight of these long legs, and as the monster crawls through the forest he seizes an animal with a leg and drags it to his mouth, where he eats it as a spider does a fly. Not one of us is safe while this fierce creature is alive, and we had called a meeting to decide how to take care of ourselves when you came among us."
* GodGuise: The wizard is just a fraud from Omaha.
* GoodAllAlong: All of the Wicked Witch's servants, including the Winged Monkeys.
* GoodThingYouCanHeal: Not having a brain, the Scarecrow never thinks to avoid pits in the road that keep tripping him, but luckily he can't actually get hurt.
* GracefulLoser: The Wicked Witch of the West accepts her fate once it's clear that she's screwed on account of that convenient bucket of water. Her parting words to Dorothy, in which she admits that Dorothy caught her completely by surprise but beat her fair and square nonetheless, even say as much.
-->'''Wicked Witch of the West''': Well, in a few minutes I shall be all melted, and you will have the castle to yourself. I have been wicked in my day, but I never thought a little girl like you would ever be able to melt me and end my wicked deeds. Look out—here I go!
* HatOfPower: The Golden Cap that allows the wearer to summon the Winged Monkeys thrice.
* HeartTrauma: The Tin Woodman's entire motivation in the original book that he erroneously believed he was experiencing this. Since he had literally lost his heart, he thought he had lost his capacity for kindness and love. In fact, he was almost saintlike in his love and kindness toward nearly everything he met; he just wasn't sentimental or strongly emotional.
* HomeSweetHome: Dorothy's only thought is to get home to her aunt and uncle.
* TheHomewardJourney: Dorothy's overall goal in the adventure is to find a way back to Kansas.
* InformedFlaw: The Scarecrow doesn't have a brain, but he is usually the one who uses logical thinking to assist the group. The Tin Woodsman doesn't have a heart, but he is so worried about seeming heartless that he acts with great care and compassion. The Lion claims he has no courage, but he repeatedly tries to make heroic sacrifices to save his friends.
* InvisibleBlock: Well, an invisible iron bar, which the Wicked Witch summons to make Dorothy lose a shoe.
* {{Irony}}: The Scarecrow wants a brain, the Tin Woodman wants a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wants courage. Throughout their adventures, guess who comes up with all the plans, is unusually tender-hearted, and casually displays real courage? Yeah...
* ItSucksToBeTheChosenOne: Dorothy sure has to go through a lot because of those shoes.
* ItWasWithYouAllAlong: Dorothy is an example, as are the other three main characters.
* IWasQuiteALooker:
** Aunt Em is said to have been cheerful and pretty when she came to live in Kansas but the sun and wind took away her sparkle and left her sad and grey.
** The original Woodsman was quite handsome, brave and dashing, according to Tin Woodsman.
* JustForPun: The Wizard makes brains for the Scarecrow out of bran cereal with pins and needles. He calls them ''bran'' new brains which will make him "sharp as a pin".
* KillItWithFire: Discussed. The Scarecrow feels no pain and can recover from any injury as long as his body remains more or less intact (new straw and he's good to go), but if he catches fire, he'll be dead for real.
* KillItWithWater: How the Wicked Witch of the West meets her demise.
* LaserGuidedKarma: The Wicked Witch steals one of Dorothy's silver slippers with a surprise attack, and is herself done in by a surprise attack courtesy of Dorothy almost as quickly.
* LiteralChangeOfHeart: The Tin Man, who wants to get a heart from the Wizard. (May be a subversion, in that he's just as nice without it.)
* LogicalWeakness: The Scarecrow, being cloth and straw, is afraid of fire. The Tin Woodman will rust at the joints and become unable to move if he is in prolonged contact with water. One explanation for the Witch of the West's weakness to water, as offered by a popular theory, is that the Witch is all but made of brown sugar, and given sugar's reaction to water...
* MadeASlave: The Witch of the West does this to Dorothy since she can't harm her due to the protection spell the Witch of the North placed upon her. She also attempts to do this with the Cowardly Lion, but he threatens to attack her if she comes near, so she tries to starve him into submission. It doesn't work because Dorothy sneaks him food in the middle of the night.
%%* MagicalAccessory
* MagicFeather: Dorothy's friends already possess the qualities that they seek, but they insist on getting a MagicFeather from the Wizard anyway.
* MagicKiss: Dorothy receives a kiss which marks her as [[ProtectiveCharm under the protection]] of the Witch of the North.
* MagicalLand: Oz and the countries around it.
* TheMagocracy: The Quadling (South) Country of Oz is this, being ruled by Glinda.
* MixAndMatchCritters: The winged monkeys, and the Kalidahs (part tiger, part bear).
* MonsterFacade: The Cowardly Lion is afraid of almost everything, but once he realized that every creature in the forest ran from him because they assumed he was a ferocious lion, he ran with the facade in the hopes that no one would actually call his bluff and challenge him.
* NiceShoes: The Silver Shoes, which once belonged to the Wicked Witch of the East, are now in the possession of Dorothy.
* NonHumanSidekick: Lots of them.
* NoSell: The Wicked Witch of The West uses wolves and bees against Dorothy's party... that includes a tireless scarecrow who feels no pain and an equally tireless metal man whose body is completely impervious to bites and stings.
* NotTheFallThatKillsYou: Downplayed. It is mentioned that "if Dorothy had not been lying on the soft bed she might have been hurt" when the house hit the ground, but in real life it would have taken a lot more than a soft bed to protect her from being injured or even killed by the impact. Possibly {{Justified}} by this being Oz and not earth.
* OfferedTheCrown: The Wizard leaves Oz under the rule of The Scarecrow. [[spoiler:It doesn't last.]]
* OutsideTheBoxTactic: See WeaksauceWeakness below.
%%* ParentalBonus
* PlotArmor: The Good Witch of the North's kiss prevents anything in Oz from harming Dorothy.
* PhonyDegree: For the Scarecrow.
* PublicDomainCharacter: The copyright on this book and its characters lapsed in 1959.
* ProtectiveCharm: The Good Witch's kiss, the Silver Shoes.
* PunchClockVillain: The Winged Monkeys and the Winky soldiers the Wicked Witch sends after Dorothy and her friends have no real hate against the group. The Winkies are simply her slaves, while the Winged Monkeys must follow any orders they are given because the Witch holds the Golden Cap.
* TheQuest: Dorothy's quest to go home.
* QuestToTheWest: The heroes head west twice: once to Emerald City and again to defeat the Wicked Witch of the West.
* ReallyWasBornYesterday: The Scarecrow.
* RustRemovingOil: How the Tin Woodman's mobility is restored and maintained.
* SerialProstheses: The Tin Woodman is an extreme example, having literally replaced his entire body serially.
* SetBonus: While you need both slippers to get wishes, just wearing one is a powerful ProtectiveCharm.
%%* ShadowDictator: The Wizard.
%%* ShiningCity: The Emerald City.
%%* ShroudedInMyth: The Wizard.
* SinglePaletteTown: The Emerald City and each of the four quadrants of Oz: blue for the Munchkins to the east, yellow for the Winkies to the west, and red for the Quadlings to the south. Though this book does not mention it, the Gillikins in the north have purple.
** To be fair, in at least the first books, the Emerald City is only apparently all-green because anyone entering/living there is made to wear green-lensed glasses that make everything look that way.
* SortingAlgorithmOfThreateningGeography: We begin in idyllic rural Munchkin Country and then pass through (in this order) a deep forest, a field of poisonous poppies, a country controlled by a wicked witch, a bizarre wilderness populated by [[WhenTreesAttack fighting trees]] and [[ArmlessBiped creatures with spring-loaded heads]], and then, to top it all off, ''a city full of unfriendly people who are made of porcelain''. There are multiple pleasant (i.e. less weird) spots along the way, of course, but the general tendency seems to be that the journey just keeps getting weirder.
* TalkingAnimal: The Lion is a big cat that is intelligent and can talk, but is perfectly normal otherwise.
* TearsOfRemorse: The Tin Woodman's tears rust his mouth shut after he accidentally steps on a beetle.
* TechnicolorDeath: The Wicked Witch of the West melts after being thrown a bucket of water, her weakness.
* TenderTears: The Tin Woodman is prone to this, but he has to be careful because his tears can cause his joints to rust.
* TheresNoPlaceLikeHome: Dorothy's reason for wanting to see the Wizard, to the extent that she almost name-drops the Trope while chatting with the Scarecrow.
-->'''Scarecrow:''' I cannot understand why you should wish to leave this beautiful country and go back to the dry, gray place you call Kansas.\\
'''Dorothy:''' That is because you have no brains. No matter how dreary and gray our homes are, we people of flesh and blood would rather live there than in any other country, be it ever so beautiful. There is no place like home.
* TheseusShipParadox: The Tin Woodman pissed off a witch who enchanted his ax so that it would cut off pieces of him, and he went to a tinsmith to replace the missing parts. Eventually he was made entirely out of tin - but since it was a gradual process, he's still human Nick Chopper and not a new person -- maybe. The Woodsman does refer to Nick in the ''[[ThatManIsDead past tense]]''.
* ThresholdGuardians: The Guardian of the Gates of the Emerald City
* TrappedInAnotherWorld: Dorothy and, for that matter, the Wizard.
* {{Treants}}: The Fighting Trees are a take on this [[UrExample that predates most well-known uses]]: they precede Tolkien's Ents by five and a half decades or so, and resemble trees with human-like faces and arm-like branches that attack intruders by grabbing them or throwing their own fruit at them. While they don't have the ambulatory nature of later treants, they still share their dislike for interlopers in their woods -- their purpose seems to be to keep intruders from entering the enchanted forest behind them, as Dorothy and her group find out when they try to enter it and the trees attack them.
* UnableToSupportAWife: In the Tin Woodman's BackStory, the reason the witch gave for keeping him from marrying.
* WeaksauceWeakness: The Wicked Witch of the West melts when hit by water.
* WhenTreesAttack: The Fighting Trees they run into while they going to Glinda's palace in the south.
* WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes: The Scarecrow mentions to Dorothy that the only thing he's afraid of is a lighted match. Given his rather flammable nature as a humanoid made chiefly of straw, his fear is entirely justified.
%%* WitchSpecies
* WickedWitch: Obviously, the Wicked Witches of the West and East. The Good Witches of the North and South are an inversion (and a rather radical one too, as the notion of a good witch was alien at the time).
* WidowsWeeds: Dorothy fears that if she doesn't return, Aunt Em will think she is dead and go into mourning, and Uncle Henry won't be able to afford the required mourning wardrobe.
* AWizardDidIt: [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] in the overall Oz chronicles, many of the witches [[{{mythopoeia}} fulfill the same niche]] as [[TheMaker creator gods and godlings]] in most other fantasy universes and many real world religions, particularly the [[FantasyPantheon Good Witches of the North and South]].
* TheWonderland: Oz itself, with talking scarecrows and robots before there were robots...