A novel by Creator/HarryTurtledove set in an AlternateUniverse where the Spanish Armada conquered England. Ten years later, Shakespeare is writing plays under the Spanish occupiers, but is simultaneously contracted by both them and the English resistance to write plays to either commemorate the dying King Philip or inspire rebellion against him. In the end he chooses the latter, and his play ''Boudicca'' sparks a revolution. Published under the slogan "To be free, or not to be free?"

!! This novel provides examples of:
* AlternateHistory: The Spanish Armada succeeded. [[spoiler:Temporarily.]]
* DashingHispanic: Lope, and he is well aware of it. [[LatinLover His reputation]] precedes him wherever he goes.
* EnemyMine: Shakespeare spends a lot of the novel unclear on who is REALLY working for whom, and who he can really trust.
* FriendlyEnemy: De Vega ingratiates himself to the players. He and Shakespeare are also [[WorthyOpponent Worthy Opponents]].
* GratuitousIambicPentameter: Not only in the quoted plays, but as much spoken dialogue is sneakily cribbed quotes from other plays and poems, so people regularly talk to each other in Iambic Pentameter. Shakespeare, Burbage, and Marlowe regularly [[LampshadeHanging hang lampshades]] on this.
** Some TruthInTelevision here; one reason for the success of iambic pentameter in its day was that it resembled the rhythms of ordinary speech.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: [[ShakespeareInFiction Shakespeare]], his players, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lope_de_Vega Lope De La Vega]] (who was the Spanish Shakespeare of his day), Nicholas Skeres, Ingram Frizer and Christopher Marlowe. The majority of the major characters are this.
* HotWitch: Cicelly Sellis.
* HurricaneOfPuns: The needling between Kemp, Burbage, Shakespeare, and Marlowe descends into this rapidly.
** There are a ton of great ones, but a special mention goes to the following:
--> "Your quibbles fly like arrows at St. Sebastian." Shakespeare mimed being struck.
--> "Arrows by any other name would smell as sweet," Kemp retorted. Shakespeare flinched. However fond of puns he was himself, he'd never looked to see ''Romeo and Juliet'' so brutalized.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: At one point, Shakespeare ponders what might have happened if some other historic event hadn't happened, but never imagines that there could be any world where the Armada never succeeded.
* MyCountryRightOrWrong: Shakespeare admits that, if given a choice, he probably would choose to follow the Roman Catholic faith of Spain as opposed to the Protestant teachings of England, but he refuses to let that be forced onto the country at gunpoint by the Spaniards. Thus, he helps launch the rebellion that topples the government of Queen Isabella and frees the imprisoned Queen Elizabeth, even if that means he will need to become a Protestant again, because at least then it would be England's choice in the matter.
* OccupiersOutOfOurCountry: Used frequently in the Turtledove works. Here it is the English resisting the Spanish.
* TheQuisling: Loaded with 'em, some {{HistoricalDomainCharacter}}s.
* PersecutionFlip: The English Protestants must go underground after the Spanish invade and hand power over to the Catholics. Many of the occupying forces in England are Irish.
* ReassignedToAntarctica: Lieutenant de Vega is constantly threatening his lazy servant with reassignment to Scotland until he gets some better blackmail.
* RousingSpeech: Shakespeare's entire alternate play, but particularly its final lines:
--> "No epilogue here, unless you make it;\\
If you want your freedom, go and take it."
* ShakespeareInFiction: Our protagonist.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Burbage and Kemp.
* VolleyingInsults: Round and round and round again between Shakespeare, Burbage, and Kemp.