The Land of Oz is a fantasy setting created by Creator/LFrankBaum in his novel ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''.

The book has had 39 official sequels (among many unauthorised ones and spinoffs) with the originals generally being called "The Famous Forty", 14 of them being written by Baum. Here's a list of titles:


[[folder:Oz books written by L. Frank Baum]]
* ''[[ The Wonderful Wizard of Oz]]'' (1900)
* ''[[ The Marvelous Land of Oz]]'' (1904)
* ''[[ Ozma of Oz]]'' (1907)
* ''[[ Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz]]'' (1908)
* ''[[ The Road to Oz]]'' (1909)
* ''[[ The Emerald City of Oz]]'' (1910)
* ''[[ The Patchwork Girl of Oz]]'' (1913)
* ''[[ Tik-Tok of Oz]]'' (1914)
* ''[[ The Scarecrow of Oz]]'' (1915)
* ''[[ Rinkitink in Oz]]'' (1916)
* ''[[ The Lost Princess of Oz]]'' (1917)
* ''[[ The Tin Woodman of Oz]]'' (1918)
* ''[[ The Magic of Oz]]'' (1919)
* ''[[ Glinda of Oz]]'' (1920)

* ''[[ Little Wizard Stories of Oz]]'' (a collection of six short stories L. Frank Baum wrote about the characters in Oz. Was published in separate booklets in 1913, the same year as ''The Patchwork Girl of Oz'', then as a collected edition in 1914, the same year as ''Tik-Tok of Oz''.)

[[folder:Oz books written by Ruth Plumly Thompson]]
* ''[[ The Royal Book of Oz]]'' (1921)
* ''[[ Kabumpo in Oz]]'' (1922)
* ''The Cowardly Lion of Oz'' (1923)
* ''Grampa in Oz'' (1924)
* ''The Lost King of Oz'' (1925)
* ''The Hungry Tiger of Oz'' (1926)
* ''The Gnome King of Oz'' (1927)
* ''The Giant Horse of Oz'' (1928)
* ''Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz'' (1929)
* ''The Yellow Knight of Oz'' (1930)
* ''Pirates in Oz'' (1931)
* ''The Purple Prince of Oz'' (1932)
* ''Ojo in Oz'' (1933)
* ''Speedy in Oz'' (1934)
* ''The Wishing Horse of Oz'' (1935)
* ''Captain Salt in Oz'' (1936)
* ''Handy Mandy in Oz'' (1937)
* ''The Silver Princess in Oz'' (1938)
* ''Ozoplaning with the Wizard of Oz'' (1939)

[[folder:Oz books written by John R. Neill]]
* ''The Wonder City of Oz'' (1940)
* ''The Scalawagons of Oz'' (1941)
* ''Lucky Bucky in Oz'' (1942)

[[folder:Oz books written by Jack Snow]]
* ''The Magical Mimics in Oz'' (1946)
* ''The Shaggy Man of Oz'' (1949)

[[folder:Oz books written by other writers]]
* ''The Hidden Valley of Oz'' by Rachel Cosgrove (1951)
* ''Merry Go Round in Oz'' by Eloise Jarvis [=McGraw=] and Lauren Lynn [=McGraw=] (1963)

[[folder:Additional Oz books by the earlier writers]]
* ''Yankee in Oz'' by Ruth Plumly Thompson (1972)
* ''The Enchanted Island of Oz'' by Ruth Plumly Thompson (1976)
* ''The Forbidden Fountain of Oz'' by Eloise Jarvis [=McGraw=] and Lauren Lynn [=McGraw=] (1980)
* ''The Wicked Witch of Oz'' by Rachel Cosgrove (1993)
* ''The Runaway in Oz'' by John R. Neill (1995)
* ''The Rundelstone of Oz'' by Eloise Jarvis [=McGraw=] (2001)

[[folder:Sequels to the above]]
* ''Mister Tinker in Oz'' by James Howe(1985)
* ''The Ozmapolitan of Oz'' by Dick Martin (1986)
* ''Paradox in Oz'' by Edward Einhorn (1999)
* ''The Unknown Witches of Oz'' by Dave Hardenbrook (2000)
* ''The Emerald Wand of Oz'' by Sherwood Smith (2005)
* ''The Living House of Oz'' by Edward Einhorn (2005)
* ''Trouble Under Oz'' by Sherwood Smith (2006)
* ''Silver Tower of Oz'' by Margaret Baum (2011)

[[folder:The "Alternative" Oz]]
A number of unauthorized sequels, alternate takes on Oz, and out of continuity tales. The following list may be incomplete:
* ''The Laughing Dragon of Oz'' by Frank Joslyn Baum (1934)
* ''Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand'' by Alexander Melentyevich Volkov (1939-1975)
* ''A Barnstormer in Oz'' by Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer (1982)
* ''ReturnToOz'' by Joan D. Vinge (1985). Novelization of the film.
* ''Dorothy of Oz'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1989)
* ''The Rewolf of Oz'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1990)
* ''The [=SillyOZbuls=] of Oz'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1991)
* ''The [=SillyOZbul=] of Oz and Toto'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1992)
* ''The [=SillyOZbul=] of Oz and the Magic Merry-Go-Round'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1992)
* ''Was'' by Geoff Ryman (1992).
* ''Lion of Oz and the Badge of Courage'' by Roger Stanton Baum (1995)
* ''[[Literature/{{Wicked}} Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West]]'' by Gregory Maguire (1995), the first book in ''The Wicked Years'' cycle.
* ''The Dark Tower IV: Wizard and Glass'' by Stephen King (1997)
* ''The Green Star of Oz'' by Roger Stanton Baum (2000)
* ''Toto in Candy Land'' by Roger Stanton Baum (2000)
* ''The Wizard of Oz and the Magic Merry-Go-Round'' by Roger Stanton Baum (2002)
* ''Toto of Oz and the Surprise Party'' by Roger Stanton Baum (2004)
* ''Son of a Witch'' by Gregory Maguire (2005), the second book in ''The Wicked Years'' cycle.
* ''The Oz Odyssey'' by Roger Stanton Baum (2006)
* ''A Lion Among Men'' by Gregory Maguire (2008), the third book in ''The Wicked Years'' cycle.
* ''Oz Squad: March of the Tin Soldiers'' by Steve Ahlquist (2011). Novel based on the Oz Squad comic book series.
* ''Out of Oz'' by Gregory Maguire (2011), the fourth and final book in ''The Wicked Years'' cycle.
* ''Oz Reimagined'', edited by John Joseph Adams and Douglas Cohen (2013). Featuring fifteen original short stories by prominent contemporary authors of science fiction, fantasy and horror.
The first 16 books are now public domain. Some of the unauthorized sequels include, the award-winning book ''Literature/{{Wicked}}'' (and the equally-award-winning [[Theatre/{{Wicked}} Broadway musical that was based on it]]), Alexander M. Volkov's ''Literature/TalesOfTheMagicLand'' and Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer's ''A Barnstormer in Oz'' as well as the rest of the works in the list on this page.

Interestingly, WaltDisney saw possibilities in Oz, and at one time considered making an animated feature based on the stories. He bought the movie rights to 11 of Baum's books, but for reasons that were never made clear later canned the project well along into the pre-production stages. The Walt Disney Company kept the rights until the 1980s. You can read more about the project [[ here]]. It features interestingly faithful designs for characters that didn't appear in the 1939 movie, like Princess Ozma and Patchwork Girl, clearly based off the Neill illustrations. Oddly enough, the Disney Books on Tape, which mostly just adapted the movies (with some exceptions), had one for this story. Decades later, a few elements of ''Literature/TheMarvelousLandOfOz'' were used in ''Film/ReturnToOz''. (Perfectly legal as the book has gone into the public domain.)

Check out the [[Characters/LandOfOz Character Sheet]].

The majority of adaptations focus on the first book of the series; for a list of those, see TheWizardOfOz. One adaptation that included some of the later books was the 1986 anime ''Anime/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', which adapted four of the first seven books. The 1985 film ''Film/ReturnToOz'' is a loose adaptation of the second and third novels in the series.

!!The Literature/LandOfOz was the OlderThanTelevision, UnbuiltTrope TropeMaker / UrExample / TropeCodifier for:

* ClockworkCreature: General Tik-Tok may have the distinction of being the first depiction of a clockwork-powered robot in fiction. He's also the UrExample of the loyal RobotBuddy and WeCanRebuildHim.
* {{Cyborg}} and UnwillingRoboticisation: Possibly the earliest example of a full-body-replacement cyborg in modern literature is the Tin Woodsman from ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''. He was once a perfectly ordinary human being until a witch cursed his axe, which repeatedly attacked him to chop off his body parts. He gradually replaces his missing body piece by piece with tin prosthetics -- until essentially all that was left was a mind in a tin shell. [[note]]The tinsmith kept his old head in a closet, where, due to the no-death nature of Oz, it remained sentient, desiring nothing to do with the Tin Man when he returned to retrieve it.[[/note]]
* FoodPills: Created by Professor Woggle-Bug. The books actually avert most of usual tropes - the pills can serve as emergency rations, but attempts to replace regular meals with them were stopped. Violently.
* RoboSpeak: In "Ozma of Oz," Tik-Tok, a [[ClockworkCreature wind-up robot]] (though not called that since the word was not yet in circulation) who speaks in mon-o-tone and in-flex-i-ble ca-dence.
* WorldBuilding: Maps by Baum depict Oz's four regions and its neighboring kingdoms. The worldbuilding came about because of fans clamoring for [[BackStory more stories and places]] to explore. (ContinuitySnarl ensued.) Baum also got East and West mixed up on his map, and it took decades for future writers to untangle the mess that caused.

!!Books in the Famous Forty with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz''
* ''Literature/TheMarvelousLandOfOz''
* ''Literature/OzmaOfOz''

!!The remaining books in the Famous Forty include examples of:

* AdaptationDyeJob: Dorothy and Ozma's hair color varies from artist to artist and medium to medium. For instance, in their first appearances, Dorothy was a brunette and Ozma a blonde, but later illustrations show a black-haired Ozma and a blonde Dorothy. Long-time Oz illustrator John R. Neill {{lampshaded}} this with one drawing, showing his blond version of Dorothy looking at a statue commemorating W.W. Denslow's brunette.
* AllJustADream: {{Averted|Trope}} in the original books. Baum himself stated that the land of Oz is located somewhere in the world, it's just surrounded by impassable deserts. Indeed, ''The Emerald City of Oz,'' which Baum originally intended as the conclusion to the series, has Dorothy moving to Oz permanently along with her aunt and uncle.
* AmazonBrigade: Jinjur and her completely pathetic, knitting-needle-armed army successfully conquer the Emerald City in ''The Marvelous Land of Oz'' by exploiting WouldntHitAGirl and intend to take the rest of Oz eventually. Glinda's counterattack with her ''actual'' AmazonBrigade leads to their almost immediate surrender.
* {{Backstory}}: In response to fan mail asking question about Oz and its characters. There's just enough info to give an idea what Oz was like before Dorothy came to it.
* BalefulPolymorph: The Nome King uses the Magic Belt, and later his own magical powers, to turn people into objects. Dorothy later uses it to turn a villain into a dove. Red Reera uses her Yookoohoo abilities to turn herself and her pets into different creatures at a whim. (She also transforms some guests, but only after getting permission.) The magic word in ''The Magic of Oz'' also allows characters to inflict this on one another.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness:
** In general, good witch = pretty, bad witch (unless magically disguised) = ugly.
** The books often play this straight for other characters as well. Notable exceptions include Mrs. Yoop (a stunner according to the illustrations, but possibly the most terrifying person in all forty of the books) and grotesques like Dr. Pipt and the Braided Man (darlings both, but undeniably odd-looking).
* BigBad: The Nome King.
* [[BigBrotherIsWatching Big Sister Is Watching]]: At least two.
** Ozma's Magic Picture can show any scene she wishes it to, and she often uses it to see what her friends are doing.
** Glinda has a book in which is recorded everything that happens anywhere in the world.
* BizarreAlienLocomotion: The Wheelers, whose name says it all.
* BunniesForCuteness: Bunnyburg; Glinda apparently loves rabbits.
** In the last of the Famous Forty. ''Merry-Go-Round in Oz,'' it's revealed that the EasterBunny lives in Oz as well.
* CapturedByCannibals: The Scoodlers from ''The Road to Oz''.
* CardCarryingVillain: The Nome King is a sadistic old bastich who enjoys being angry because it makes everyone around him miserable.
* CatchPhrase: The Glass Cat has pink brains, "...and you can see 'em work."
* CatsAreMean: Both Eureka and the Glass Cat have their moments of this.
* AChildShallLeadThem: Princess Ozma, who's roughly the same age as Dorothy (ten or thereabouts), is the benevolent dictator of what is essentially an empire made of four large countries and a city-state.
* ClockworkCreature: Tiktok the Machine Man. You have to wind him up every few days or he'll run down.
* ContinuityDrift: Coherent continuity isn't one of the Oz books' strengths. Probably deliberately, as Baum, no Tolkien, was much more interested in exploring his fairyland than keeping track of it, and was only writing the sequels anyway as a result of fan clamour for more. The eventually-insanely-convoluted explanation for how the Wizard became the ruler of Emerald City is perhaps the best-known result of this. Other fanbase-dividing changes to the setting include the issues of money (first it existed, then it didn't), death (first it existed, then it didn't), and whether or not Emerald City had its color because of the city's construction or if the green tinted glasses are still being used.
* ContinuityNod: ''The Emerald City of Oz'' has Dorothy and her group facing a series of statues, including one of Dorothy from the time of her first visit. Illustrator J. R. Neill used W. W. Denslow's original version of Dorothy for the statue. (One wonders how Dorothy felt about that [[EmbarrassingOldPhoto old image]].)
* CrystalLandscape: Present to varying degrees. Some depictions (such as in [[Film/TheWizardOfOz the movie]]) of the Emerald City portray nearly everything there as being made of crystal. The books are [[ContinuitySnarl inconsistent]] about many architectural details but the city is full of large crystals in Literature/TheMarvelousLandOfOz. The [[OurGnomesAreWeirder Nome]] [[UndergroundCity Kingdom]] has areas covered in crystals as well.
* DeadpanSnarker: Surprisingly, the narrator in ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz', at times.
--> "For," they said, "there is not another city in all the world that is ruled by a stuffed man." And, so far as they knew, they were quite right.
* DeusExMachina: Virtually all of the books end this way. Sometimes there's an attempt at setting things up via ChekhovsGun, but just as often the ending comes completely out of the blue.
** In his sixth Oz book, ''The Emerald City of Oz'', the Nomes and a few other unruly tribes of creatures plan to invade Oz, destroy it, and enslave the people. The surprise is initially ruined by Ozma's convenient Magic Picture, allowing her to plan ahead of time. [[spoiler: With her trusty ChekhovsGun, the Magic Belt Dorothy stole from the Nome king in a previous book, Ozma uses its power to dehydrate the army, whose invasion tunnel is conveniently right next to the fountain containing the Water of Oblivion, which makes anyone who drinks of it forget everything. The first thing the invaders do when they come out of the tunnel is drink the water; war avoided.]]
** The majority of ''Rinkitink in Oz'' involves the adventures of Prince Inga and King Rinkitink in another land entirely, until Ozma and company show up at the climax to save the day. (Baum originally wrote it as a standalone fantasy novel ten years earlier, and shoehorned it into an Oz book after public demand.)
* TheDitz: Button-Bright, in spite of his nickname, is actually really stupid. He asks a lot of questions, but he's not good at taking the answers to those questions and making connections or thinking critically about it.
* DomedHometown: The island of the Skeezers in ''Glinda of Oz'' is covered by a glass dome, and can be submerged in or raised above the surface of the lake with a spell known only to the queen.
* DoubleStandardAbuseFemaleOnMale: Jinjur, having failed to take over Oz, appears in a later cameo, placidly explaining that she is content with her quiet life with her husband -- and her husband is nursing a black eye because he had milked the cows in any order she did not approve of.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: The Oz of the first two books is notably different from the Oz in subsequent books. A lot of this can, and has, been explained and justified by Ozma coming to power and radically changing things.
* EverythingsBetterWithPrincesses: Princess Ozma, although given the political reality of Oz she might be really an Empress. Dorothy herself became a Princess in one of the later books.
* ExpansionPackWorld: The first two books, "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" and "The Marvelous Land of Oz" were originally meant to be stand-alone stories. Fans of those books kept asking Baum questions about Oz. So Baum kept writing the Oz books to answer those questions and laid down some backstory.
* FaceStealer: Princess Langwidere, who can change her head at will, and wants to trade Dorothy's head for one of her own.
* FairyTale: Wizard of Oz was Baum's attempt to write an "American" fairy tale.
* FakeWizardry: ZigZagged. Magic is real, but the Wizard gets by on stage magic until Glinda the Good teaches him some real magic.
* FamilyUnfriendlyDeath:
** In the later books, [[NeverSayDie no one can die]]. This information comes ''after'' characters in the books have been chopped into pieces, beheaded, melted, and so forth and it's mentioned that you could be transformed into an inanimate object, turned into sand, and buried. Even so, [[BlessedWithSuck you'd still be alive and presumably conscious]] '''[[AndIMustScream forever]]'''.
** Note also the spell which caused this also prevented aging, and took effect on everyone in Oz at the same time; this means that any babies in Oz are ''eternally'' babies, and that anyone who was at the moment of death is permanently caught there, and so on...
* {{Fanfic}}: Outside of the famous forty, there have been fan fics written about the land of Oz and its characters over the years.
** ''A Barnstormer in Oz'' by Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer is one such example. This story is the adventures of the son of Dorothy. The novel is done from a more adult point of view.
** A series of graphic novels about Oz by Eric Shanower.
** ''Wicked'' -- The musical ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}'' relies much more heavily on [[Film/TheWizardOfOz the movie]]'s version of events. Gregory Maguire's [[Literature/{{Wicked}} original book]] tends to have more to do with Baum's original series, with the characters of (green-skinned) Elphaba and (Northener) G(a)linda being major exceptions. It equivocates on the silver shoes/ruby slippers question.
** Then there's the prominent Oz sequence in Creator/RobertAHeinlein's novel ''Literature/TheNumberOfTheBeast''.
** The Indie Game ''VideoGame/EmeraldCityConfidential'' is this.
* FanSequel: Various authors throughout the years have been adding on to the Oz series. Focusing on the origins of various secondary characters was a popular choice. Considering the amount of consistency with Baum himself, any of them could probably be considered canon. Yes, this probably involves the Wicked series too.
* FantasyWorldMap: One of the earliest examples. Baum apparently used Chinese geomancy (Feng Shui) to make the map. It made west and east look inverted. The map makes a lot of sense if the POV is in the Emerald City, looking southward. See this [[ map]].
** Because of this reversed map, Ruth Plumly Thompson referred to Munchkinland as the west, and the land of the Winkies as the east.
** On the other hand, the Books of Wonder publishers revised the map to restore the Munchkins and Winkies to the east and west.
* FeministFantasy: The Land of Oz was founded by a woman (Lurline), and the countries in it were ruled by four women (the Witches) up until the end of ''The Marvelous Land of Oz''. (It's pretty clear the Wizard and the Scarecrow only ran the Emerald City, and nominally at that.) In that book, one of the women (Glinda) works with another woman (Mombi) to restore the rightful ruler of the land of Oz. Guess who ''that'' is? Yep, a woman (Ozma).
** Incidentally (and probably not coincidentally), Baum's mother-in-law was Matilda Gage, one of the greats of the First Wave of Feminism.
* FlowerInHerHair: Princess Ozma.
* ForbiddenZone: The Deadly Desert.
* GiantFlyer: The Gump and the Ork.
* HaveAGayOldTime: The Dicks of Dicksy Land are "queer" about their shoes and their diets.
** In ''The Tin Woodman of Oz,'' the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman call their young traveling companion Woot the Wanderer "our boy friend." [[HoYay Hmmm...]]
* HeartTrauma: In ''The Scarecrow of Oz'', the evil witch Blinkie freezes the heart of Princess Gloria of Jynxland to keep her from loving the gardener's boy, Pon. When the princess' heart has frozen, she not only acts ice-cold towards everyone but seems incapable of any real emotion.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: The Scarecrow and the Tin Woodsman; Dorothy and Ozma.
* HitmanWithAHeart: Dorothy Gale is a sweet little girl, but in the first book she is hired by the eponymous wizard to assassinate the Witch of the West in exchange for being sent home. She kills the witch, and then returns to the Wizard to be paid.
* HurricaneOfPuns: Baum liked puns. Ruth Plumly Thompson liked them even ''better.''
** The Scarecrow's "brains" are made of oat bran mixed with pins and needles. The Wizard calls them "bran-new brains", and the Lion calls the needles "proof that he is sharp."
** The kitchen-supplies-based kingdom of Utensia in ''The Emerald City of Oz''. A sieve is the priest, because he's the holiest one there. A corkscrew is a lawyer, because he's accustomed to appearing at the bar; he's a corking good lawyer, but accused of being crooked, and laments that he has no pull at this court. [[HaveAGayOldTime Inadvertently back then, he often screws people over.]] The knives make sharp remarks. The fork has a tinny voice. It just keeps going.
* HypnosisProofDogs: A baddie puts up an illusion of a wall of flame. Everyone else is stopped but Toto just walks right through it because he can't see it, or sees that it isn't real, or something.
* IntergenerationalFriendship: Trot and Cap'n Bill
* {{Immortality}}: After the first few books, everyone in Oz has this, though it [[ContinuityDrift drifts]] between TheAgeless and AgeWithoutYouth.
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: When Fyter the Tin Soldier is introduced, it's clear that he also wishes to marry the Tin Man's sweetheart, Nimmie Amie. Instead of fighting about it, both tin men agree to let her choose between them, and when it turns out she's HappilyMarried, they respectfully agree to leave her in peace.
* TheKingdom: The Kingdom of Oz is really an Empire under Princess Ozma but it does have kingdoms within kingdoms. One of the kingdoms (the Winkies in the West) is ruled by an Emperor. Apparently he just likes the title, since other characters have pointed out the problem with this as early as the second book.
* KingIncognito: Ozma's father and Ozma herself
* LevelAte: Several examples in Oz, ''e.g.'', Bunbury.
* LiteraryAgentHypothesis: L. Frank Baum is the Royal Historian of Oz. He has never been there himself, but Dorothy tells him her adventures and other tales from Oz. After Oz was cut off from the world, this was done by a combination of wireless telegraph and Glinda's magic.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: A frequent plot device of the later books especially is to either send the established quartet off on a quest through remote and uncharted corners of the land, or have the remote uncharted ''etc.'''s inhabitants quest off towards the Emerald City. The net result is an entirely new assortment of characters in each book, in most cases complete with backstories. Oz books written in years after Baum's death introduced still ''more'' characters this way.
* LongRunningBookSeries
* MagicAIsMagicA: Both averted and played straight. Although magical ''characters'' like Glinda and the Wizard display NewPowersAsThePlotDemands, most magical ''artifacts'' in the series have clearly defined rules and limited powers, as opposed to being GreenRocks or a GreenLanternRing. Notable examples include the Golden Cap from the first book, Ozma's Magic Picture, Glinda's Book of Records, and the Powder of Life. The Nome King's Magic Belt is probably the biggest exception.
* MagicalLand: Oz and the countries around it.
* TheMagocracy: The Quadling (South) Country of Oz is this, being ruled by Glinda. The whole Land of Oz becomes this after Princess Ozma takes the throne.
* MassiveMultiplayerCrossover: In ''The Road to Oz,'' when characters from several of the author's other books gather at Ozma's birthday party.
* MediumAwareness: The Shaggy Man: "No one can know that, except for the person who's writing this story."
* MixAndMatchCritters
** The Kalidahs, creatures that have the head of a tiger and a body of a bear.
** The two characters who transform themselves into Li-Mon-Eags (lion-monkey-eagles) in ''The Magic of Oz'' {{invoke|dTrope}} this trope, since they are trying to win the loyalty of ''all'' the wild beasts in Oz and want to avoid looking partisan.
** The Orks in ''Scarecrow of Oz.'', which have a four-legged ostrich body, the head of a parrot, and an organic propeller for a tail.
** And of course the winged monkeys.
** And the Gump? Well, there are Gumps, which are basically elks, but ''the'' Gump has the head of a Gump mounted on a plaque, two sofas for a body, palm tree limbs for wings, and a broom for a tail, all tied together with clothes line.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Averted repeatedly with the beasts of Oz, which have their normal appetites - and the one consistent thing about death in Oz is that getting eaten means getting destroyed.
** In ''The Magic of Oz'', an even closer shave: The Wizard turns Cap'n Bill and Trot (trapped on a magic isle) into bumblebees so they can escape. Immediately afterward, the Cowardly Lion and the Hungry Tiger, along on the rescue expedition, eat a pair of bees. (Fortunately, it wasn't them).
* TheNeedless: The Sawhorse is a saw horse which Pip brought to life using Old Mombi's life-giving powder. Later Jim the (real) Cab Horse comes to Oz, and tries to convince the Sawhorse that being a meat and bones horse is better than being a wooden horse magically brought to life, but all the examples that Jim gives actually come out in the Sawhorse's favor: for example Jim says that he can bleed and that's good because people can know where he's hurt - the Sawhorse points out that he doesn't get hurt, so he doesn't need to bleed. Jim is the only animal from our world who, having come to Oz where he can talk, begs to go back to the real world where he's just a dumb animal. He does.
* NoNameGiven: The "shaggy man", who is indeed shaggy and unkempt. He first appears in ''The Road to Oz'' when he runs into Dorothy in Kansas and winds up wandering into Oz with her, turning into her guardian and companion. He is never named.
* NonHumanSidekick: Lots of them.
* OfferedTheCrown: Happened quite often, especially if the book featured a villainous king or queen (almost invariably deposed and replaced with a heroic character or a subordinate who had managed to PetTheDog).
* PatchworkMap: A good look at the map of Oz and its surrounding lands screams "PATCHWORK!" at the reader. It's understandable since Baum made it up as he went along.
* ThePlace
* PopCulturalOsmosis: The Oz books arguably have a more of a pop cultural impact than the movie.
* PrincessesRule:
** Ozma rules as Princess, although she's really more of an Empress.
** In ''Tik-Tok of Oz'', Ozga, the Rose Princess, ''would'' have been one of these, except that her people rejected her as they wanted a male ruler.
* PublicDomainCharacter: The first 16 books are public domain and that's still enough material for {{fanfic}}s and different takes on Oz. Even now there are new comics based on ''Land of Oz'' and sometimes they CrossOver with other {{public domain character}}s, like Alice from ''Literature/AliceInWonderland''.
* PumpkinPerson: The series has a rare ''non''-evil version with Jack Pumpkinhead, who is introduced in ''Literature/TheMarvelousLandOfOz'' and shows up in several of the later Oz books (eventually getting one named after him: ''[[ Jack Pumpkinhead of Oz]]''), as well as appearing as a character in ''Film/ReturnToOz''. He is basically a wooden scarecrow with a carved pumpkin head brought to life by a magic powder. His pumpkin heads eventually rot, so he keeps a pumpkin patch to replenish them, and Ozma carves him a new face. The old heads are buried in a graveyard at his house.
* PrincessClassic: Princess Ozma
* RealityWritingBook: Glinda the Good Witch of the South has a book (''The Book of Records'') in which is written everything that happens around the world, as it happens. If she needs to find out what happened at any given time she just looks it up.
* RecursiveCanon: Later Oz books present them as being recounted to the author by Dorothy. New visitors to the land (such as Betsy Bobbin and Trot) are often familiar with the land of Oz and its inhabitants long before they even set foot in the land, because they've ''read the previous books.''
* {{Retcon}}:
** The story how Ozma's father was overthrown was changed to make the Wizard less of a villain.
** Not so much a retcon as a neatly-patched plot hole: after it was established ''all'' animals can talk in Oz, someone finally asks why Toto never has. Betsy observes that Dorothy understands Toto's normal-dog communication just fine, and he resists being asked to talk, only relenting when his little mistress pushes the issue.
--> '''Dorothy:''' I've just learned, for the first time, that you can say words--if you want to. Don't you want to, Toto?
--> '''Toto:''' Woof! [No]
--> '''Dorothy:''' Not just one word, Toto, to prove you're as any other animal in Oz?
--> '''Toto:''' Woof!
--> '''Dorothy:''' Just one word, Toto--and then you may run away.
--> '''Toto:''' All right. Here I go!
* RoadTripPlot: Many Oz books are the literary equivalent, with the characters taking a journey that results in a series of small adventures (rarely more than two chapters each) that have nothing to do with the main plot or each other. Occasionally, there might be an interlude that advances the main plot along the journey. The main plot will generally wrap up very quickly once the characters reach their destination.
* RoboSpeak: Tik-Tok's way of speaking and one of the earliest examples of this trope.
* RomanticTwoGirlFriendship: Dorothy and Ozma. Morning kisses, and Ozma makes Dorothy her Princess.
* RoyalBlood: Princess Ozma
* SchizoTech: Oz is a fairyland with wind up robots (Tik-Tok) and cyborgs (The Tin Woodsman).
* ShaggyDogStory: ''The Patchwork Girl Of Oz'' could easily be this. The characters journey to find the ingredients for a magical concoction that will save two people who have been petrified. They find all of them but one, which should have been the easiest; the wing of a yellow butterfly. But the lands on which yellow butterflies live are ruled by the Tin Man, and he won't let a butterfly come to any harm, rendering the quest pointless. And then Glinda just fixes the people by magic anyway, making it even more so. The characters even met with Dorothy and Ozma earlier on, and they didn't even suggest this possibility, or mention the Tin Man's feelings about living things.
** Maybe they just thought the Tin Man should speak for himself, they were his butterflies.
*** Also, Glinda didn't undo the statue spell until it was clear it couldn't be broken the other way without hurting any butterflies.
* ShiningCity: The Emerald City.
* SinglePaletteTown: The Emerald City and each of the four quadrants of Oz: East, Munchkins, blue; West, Winkies, yellow; North, Gilikins, purple; South, Quadlings, red.
* {{Steampunk}}: The Oz books sometimes flirt with this. Tik-Tok is a prime example.
* SugarBowl: The land of Oz under Princess Ozma, despite periodic threats from outside and certain parts of Oz of being way out there, generally follows this trope. Only when ruled by Ozma, though. If someone else takes the throne, generally you get a CrapsaccharineWorld (e.g. Jinjur's revolt, the witches running wild).
* TheseusShipParadox:
** In ''The Road to Oz'', Jack Pumpkinhead is shown with a garden of new pumpkins grown to replace his head whenever the current pumpkin spoils. He claims that since his lower half is still the same, he remains the same person. On the other hand, in ''The Marvelous Land of Oz,'' Tip is able to carve replacement limbs for Jack's body when he happens to break a leg.
** Another example is the Tin Woodman from ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.'' He pissed off a witch who enchanted his ax so that it would cut off pieces of him, and he went to a tinsmith to replace the missing parts. Eventually he was made entirely out of tin - but since it was a gradual process, he's still human Nick Chopper and not a new person. Even more paradoxically, however, and with more than a bit of FridgeHorror, the tinsmith kept the old head in a closet, where, due to the no-death nature of Oz, [[AndIMustScream it remained sentient]], desiring nothing to do with the Tin Man when he returned to retrieve it.
* ThresholdGuardians:
** The Guardian of the Gates of the Emerald City.
** The Iron Giant in ''Ozma of Oz''.
* TinyHeadedBehemoth: The Whimsies are one of the groups that conspires with the Nome King to conquer the Emerald City. They are huge, hulking humanoids who have heads that are very small for their bodies. They wear large, garishly painted masks to cover their heads.
* TouchedByVorlons: The inhabitants of the Valley of Voe who eat the dama-fruit - they become invisible. However, it doesn't grant invulnerability - there are really nasty predators in the Valley of Voe that also eat the fruit, and are also invisible...
* TrappedInAnotherWorld: Many early Oz books had this as the plot.
* TunnelKing: The Nome King.
* UnderwaterCity: The Skeezers' island in ''Glinda of Oz'', when submerged.
* TheUnreveal: The parentage of Button-Bright, the little boy that Dorothy randomly encounters in ''The Road to Oz''. He has no idea what his name is or who his parents are. When Dorothy meets Santa Claus towards the end of the book, she asks where Button-Bright comes from, but Santa doesn't tell. In the end, Santa sends Button-Bright home in a magic bubble. Where he comes from or why he was just sitting by the side of the road when Dorothy and the Shaggy Man encountered him is never explained.
* VileVillainSaccharineShow: While in the original books the Land of Oz had many CrapsaccharineWorld elements, the stories were quite light-hearted. However most of the villains were truly evil, menacing and dangerous.
* WackyWaysideTribe: Plenty of examples in Baum's books. Just about every book has them to a large degree; ''The Road to Oz'' in particular has almost nothing more to the story.
* WeaksauceWeakness: Nomes are weak against eggs.
* WhiteBunny: Glinda created the city of Bunnybury specifically to be home to all the pink-eyed white rabbits of the forest.
* WickedWitch: The Wicked Witches of the East and West, of course. The Good Witches of the North and South are a subversion. A special subversion, as the notion of a good witch was alien at the time. In later books, it is revealed that there were two other Wicked Witches: Mombi, who kept Ozma imprisoned but was stopped from gaining power over Gillikin Country by the Good Witch of the North, and a fourth witch who was stopped by Glinda in the south.
* WitchSpecies
* TheWonderland: Oz itself, with talking scarecrows and robots before there were robots...
* WorldBuilding: Baum's Land of Oz predates other fictional lands like [[Literature/TheLordOfTheRings Middle-Earth]] and Literature/{{Narnia}}.